Appeals to the Privy Council from the
American Colonies


Abbreviations, Bibliography, Cases



This is a combined Abbreviations, Bibliography, and list of Cases for both Part 1 (the ‘original’ thirteen colonies) and Part 2 (the Canadian and Caribbean Colonies).





The following abbreviations are used throughout the catalogue. In most cases fuller references are given in the Bibliography that follows. Abbreviations of reports of cases in the American courts and in the English common-law courts or Chancery are given a full reference in the Bibliography, and a specific citation to the case is given in Cases.

AALT = Anglo-American Legal Tradition (website).

APC = Acts of the Privy Council of England: Colonial Series.

Atk. = Atkyns’ Reports.

Burr. = Burrow’s Reports.

CSP = Calendar of State Papers, Colonial: North America and the West Indies.

Dall. (preceded by volume number) = Dallas, Reports = U.S.

Eng. Rep. = English Reports.

Eq. Cas. Abr. = Equity Cases Abridged.

ESTC = English Short Title Catalogue (website).

HL = House of Lords.

KB = King’s Bench.

Mod. = Modern Reports.

n.d. (in bibliographic citations) = no date of publication given.

n.l. (in bibliographic citations) = no place of publication given.

n.p. (in bibliographic citations) = no publisher or printer given.

ODNB = Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.

P. Wms. = Williams’ Reports.

PC = Privy Council.

PC 1 = TNA classification: Privy Council and Privy Council Office: Miscellaneous Unbound Papers.

PC 2 = TNA classification: Privy Council: Registers.

Shower P.C. (aka Shower H.L.) = Shower’s [HL] Reports.

Smith = Joseph Henry Smith, Appeals to the Privy Council from the American Plantations.

s.n. = sub nomine (in references to indices or biographical dictionaries).

T.R. = Term Reports.

TNA = The National Archives (U.K.).

U.S. (preceded by volume number) = United States Reports.







The following list contains all the published material cited in the catalogue, except for the printed cases, which are the subject of a separate list.  Citations in this Bibliography are all preceded by a short form, followed by ‘=’, without regard to whether that short form is used in the text. If the text sometimes uses a fuller short form, that form appears in square brackets after the full bibliographical reference. Information as to online availability, when known, appears in round brackets (parentheses). (References to a website generally take you to the site’s home page. Specific references to items in a website take you as close to the item as we can get.) A second set of round brackets gives a link to the place where the reference occurs.  Some of the items listed above under Abbreviations (e.g., APC, CSP, Smith), are cited throughout the catalogue. They are not given specific citations here. Bibliographical citations that appear in the Index of Part 2 are not listed individually but appear under the general reference in which they are located (e.g., ODNB).



A.B., Brief Representation = A.B., A brief representation of the case depending between the Rev. Dr. Mc’Sparran, plaintiff, and the Rev. Mr. Torrey, defendant, relating to the ministerial land in Narraganset in a letter from a gentleman at Newport to his friend in Boston  (Newport: n.p., Aug. 29, 1739) (Early American Imprints, Series 1: Evans no. 40156, by subscription) (11_1725_00, Additional Sources; 11_1733_00, Additional Sources; 11_1736_00, Additional Sources).

AALT = [O’Quinn Law Library of the University of Houston Law Center,] Anglo-American Legal Tradition: Documents from Medieval and Early Modern England from the National Archives in London, ed. Robert C. Palmer, et al. (website, accessed 7/4/2019). (All of the images from the PC Registers are accessed by links to AALT, and many of those in PC1 Documents are too. There are specific references to AALT in the notes to the PC1 Documents in ANT_1725_01, BAR_1708_02, JAM_1765_01, JAM_1770_07, and JAM_1779_01.)

Account of Col. Bayard = An Account of the illegal prosecution and tryal of Coll. Nicholas Bayard, in the province of New-York, for supposed high-treason, in the year 1702/3. Collected from several memorials taken by divers persons privately, the commissioners having strictly prohibited the taking the tryal in open court (n.l. [New York]: William Bradford, 1702) (Early American Imprints, Series 1: Evans no. 1038, by subscription) (08_1702_02, Other Documents).

Ames and Willard, “Phillips vs. Savage” = Ellis Ames and Joseph Willard, “The Case of Phillips vs. Savage,” Proceedings of Massachusetts Historical Society, 5 (1860–1861) 165–171  (05_1734_05, Notes).

Amussen, Caribbean Exchanges = Susan Dwyer Amussen, Caribbean Exchanges: Slavery and the Transformation of English Society, 1640–1700 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2007) 103. (BAR_1712_04, Notes; BAR_1714_03, Notes.)

Andrews, Guide to Manuscript Materials = Charles M. Andrews and Frances G. Davenport, Guide to the Manuscript Materials for the History of the United States to 1783, in the British Museum, in Minor London Archives, and in the Libraries of Oxford and Cambridge (Washington, DC: Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1908) (Internet Archive) (Introduction, n. 40; 10_1765_01, Notes; 10_1765_02, Notes; 08_1702_01, Additional Sources; 06_1759_01, Appellant’s Case; 06_1754_00, Other Documents; 06_1762_00, Other Documents).

Antigua and the Antiguans = [Anonymous,] Antigua and the Antiguans: A Full Account of the Colony and its Inhabitants from the Time of the Caribs to the Present Day, Interspersed with Anecdotes and Legends. Also, an Impartial View of Slavery and the Free Labour Systems; the Statistics of the Island, and Biographical Notices of the Principal Families . . . , 2 vols. (London: Saunders and Otley, 1844) (, vol. 1, vol. 2). (Index, s.n. Mathew, Mathew.)

APC = [Great Britain. Privy Council,] Acts of the Privy Council of England: Colonial Series, ed. W. L. Grant and James Munro under the general supervision of Almeric W. Fitzroy, 6 vols. (Hereford: Printed for His Majesty’s Stationery Office by Anthony Brothers, 1908–1912 (Acts of the Privy Council, Colonial Series) (LLMC Digital, by subscription).

Atkyns’ Reports = John Tracy Atkyns, Reports of Cases Argued and Determined in the High Court of Chancery, in the Time of Lord Chancellor Hardwicke [1736–1754], 3 vols. (London: Printed by H. Woodfall and W. Strahan . . . and sold by J. Worrall . . . and W. Sandby . . . , 1765–68). (We have used the version in Eng. Rep.; see Cases).

Baker, Introduction = John Hamilton Baker, An Introduction to English Legal History, 4th ed. (London: Butterworths, 2002) (Research Opportunities).

Baker, Serjeants = J. H. Baker, The Order of Serjeants at Law, Selden Society, Supplementary Series, 5 (London, 1984). (Index, s.n. Comyn, Forrester, Madocks, Ord, Poole.)

Barton, Virginia Colonial Decisions = [Virginia. General Court], Virginia Colonial Decisions: The Reports by Sir John Randolph and by Edward Barradall, of Decisions of the General Court of Virginia, 1728–1741, ed. R. T. Barton, 2 vols. (Boston, MA: The Boston book company, 1909) (Open Library; LLMC Digital, by subscription) (13_1740_03, Additional Sources; 13_1724_00, Other Documents; 13_1736_00, Other Documents; 13_1740_01, Other Documents; 13_1753_01, Other Documents; 13_1753_03, Other Documents; 13_1760_00, Other Documents; 13_1762_02, Other Documents; Research Opportunities).

Bilder, “Colonial Appeals” = Mary Sarah Bilder, “The Relevance of Colonial Appeals to the Privy Council,” in Texts and Contexts in Legal History: Essays in Honor of Charles Donahue, John Witte, Jr., Sara McDougall, and Anna di Robilant, ed. (Berkeley, CA: Robbins Collection, 2016), 401–15. (Introduction, n. 22; JAM_1764_05, Notes.)

Bilder, Salamanders and Sons of God = Mary Sarah Bilder, Salamanders and Sons of God: Transatlantic Legal Culture and Colonial Rhode Island (Ph.D. dissertation, Harvard University, 2000) (ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Full Text, by subscription) (Introduction, Additional Resources Elsewhere; 11_1725_00, Notes; 11_1733_00, Notes; 11_1736_00, Notes). [Cited in the Description and/or Disposition section in many of the Rhode Island reports.]

Bilder, Transatlantic Constitution = Mary Sarah Bilder, The Transatlantic Constitution: Colonial Legal Culture and the Empire (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004). (ACLS Humanities E-Book, by subscription.) (Introduction, n. 9, n. 10, n. 18, n. 22; 11_1705_02, Notes; 11_1718_02, Notes; 11_1732_00, Notes). [Cited in the Description and/or Disposition section in many of the Rhode Island reports.])

Blackstone’s Commentaries = William Blackstone, Commentaries on the Laws of England, 4 vols., first ed. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1765–1769) (Research Opportunities). [Many subsequent editions, online edtions, and reprints. The editions most commonly used for 18th-century English law are the 4th, 5th, and 6th (they are the same and the last to appear in Blackstone’s lifetime) published between 1771 and 1780.]

Bodleian Library, Rawlinson Catalogue = [Bodleian Library], Catalogi codicum manuscriptorum Bibliothecæ Bodleianæ partis quintæ fasciculus 1[–5] viri munificentissimi Ricardi Rawlinson, J.C.D., codicum classes [A–E] complectens, ed. Gulielmus D. Macray, 5 vols. (Oxonii: E Typographeo academico; Oxonii: E Typographeo Clarendoniano, 1862–1900) (Hathi Trust) (12_1700_00, Additional Sources).

Bond, Maryland Court of Appeals 1696–1729 = Proceedings of the Maryland Court of Appeals, 1696–1729, ed. Carroll T. Bond (Washington, DC: American Historical Association, 1933) (04_1720_00, Notes).

Bourguignon, First Federal Court = Henry J. Bourguignon, The First Federal Court: The Federal Appellate Prize Court of the American Revolution, 1775–1787, Memoirs of the American Philosophical Society, 122 (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1977). (Introduction, n. 8.)

British Chronology = E. B. Fryde, et al., Handbook of British Chronology, 3d ed., Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 2 (London: Offices of the Royal Historical Society, 1986). (Index, s.n. Bentinck.)

Burke’s Extinct Baronetcies = John Burke and [John] Bernard Burke, A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies of England, Ireland and Scotland, 2nd ed. (London: Scott, Webster, and Geary, 1841) (Hathi Trust). (Index s.n. Thornhill, Witham/Wytham.)

Burnard, “Matron in Rank” = Trevor Burnard, “‘A Matron in Rank, a Prostitute in Manners . . .’: The Manning Divorce of 1741 and Class, Gender, Race and the Law in Eighteenth-century Jamaica,” in Working Slavery, Pricing Freedom: Perspectives from the Caribbean, Africa and the African Diaspora, Verene A. Shepherd ed. (New York: Palgrave, 2001) 133–152. (JAM_1745_02, Notes.)

Burrow’s Reports = James Burrow, Reports of Cases Adjudged in the Court of King’s Bench Since the Death of Lord Raymond, 5 vols. (London: Printed for John Worrall, 1766–1771). (We have used the version in Eng. Rep.; see Cases).

Cahill, “English Laws” = Barry Cahill, “How Far English Laws are in Force Here: Nova Scotia’s First Century of Reception Law Jurisprudence,” University of New Brunswick Law Journal, 42 (1993) 133–153. (BAR_1714_04, Notes).

Cal. Home Office Papers, 1773–7 = [Great Britain. Public Record Office,] Calendar of Home Office Papers of the Reign of George III, 1773–1775, ed. Richard Arthur Roberts (London: HMSO, 1899), vol. 4 (of series), no. 165, p.48 ( (MON_1771_00, Other Documents.)

Canada Documents = Public Archives of Canada, Documents Relating to the Constitutional History of Canada: 1759–1791, ed. Adam Shortt and Arthur G. Doughty (Ottawa: S. R. Dawson, 1907) (LLMC Digital, by subscription). (Index, s.n. Gregory, Hey.) (A second, revised, and much expanded edition appeared in 2 vols. [Ottawa: J. de L. Taché, 1918]. We cited the first edition in the Index because it is more easily accessible. The equivalent pages in the second edition [Gale, Making of Modern Law, by subscription] appear to be 1:206 n.1 and 1:256 n.1–2 [Gregory], and 1:273–76 [Hey’s commission], and do not seem to have been changed from the first edition.)

Caribbeana 1741 = Caribbeana: Containing Letters and Dissertations Together with Poetical Essays on Various Subjects and Occasions, 2 vols. [Samuel Keimer, ed.] (London: Printed for T. Osborne . . . , 1741) 1:259–263. (Internet Archive.) (BAR_1732_00, Notes.)

Caribbeana 1909–1919 = Caribbeana: Miscellaneous Papers Relating to the History, Genealogy, Topography, and Antiquities of the British West Indies, ed. Vere Langford Oliver, 6 vols. (London: Mitchell, Hughes, and Clarke, 1909–1919). (We have used the version in The Digital Library of the Caribbean.) (ANT_1721_01, Notes; ANT_1726_02, Notes; ANT_1739_03, Notes; ANT_1752_01, Notes; BAR_1714_04, Notes; BAR_1726_01, Notes; BAR_1730_00, Notes; BAR_1756_02, Notes; BAR_1760_00, Notes; JAM_1733_03, Notes; JAM_1735_00, Notes; JAM_1752_03, Notes; JAM_1755_02, Notes; JAM_1756_01, Notes; JAM_1756_02, Notes; JAM_1756_03, Notes; JAM_1756_05, Notes; JAM_1758_05, Notes; JAM_1759_01, Notes; JAM_1759_05, Notes; JAM_1759_06, Notes; JAM_1759_08, Notes; JAM_1759_11, Notes; NEV_1759_00, Notes; STC_1754_02, Notes; STC_1756_00, Notes.)

Cary, “Descendants of Rev. Rowland Jones” = Wilson Miles Cary, “Descendants of Rev. Rowland Jones, First Rector of Bruton Parish, VA,” William and Mary Quarterly, 5 (1897) 192–197 (JSTOR) (13_1762_02, Notes).

Catterall, Judicial Cases Concerning Slavery = Judicial Cases Concerning American Slavery and the Negro, ed. Helen Tunnicliff Catterall and James J. Hayden, vol. 5 (Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Institution, 1937). (JAM_1780_02, note.)

Chalmers, Opinions of Eminent Lawyers = George Chalmers, Opinions of Eminent Lawyers on Various Points of English Jurisprudence, Chiefly Concerning the Colonies, Fisheries, and Commerce of Great Britain: Collected and Digested from the Originals, in the Board of Trade, and Other Depositories, 2 vols. (London: T. Davison for Reed and Hunter, 1814) (11_1733_00, Notes; 11_1736_00, Notes).

Chiorazzi and Most, Prestatehood Legal Materials = Prestatehood Legal Materials: A Fifty-State Research Guide, including New York City and the District of Columbia, ed. Michael Chiorazzi and Marguerite Most (New York: Haworth Information Press, 2005) (Research Opportunities).

Clayton-Torrence, Trial Bibliography of Colonial Virginia = [Virginia State Library. Department of Bibliography] William Clayton-Torrence, A Trial Bibliography of Colonial Virginia: Special Report of the Department of Bibliography, 2 vols. (Richmond: D. Bottom, Superintendent of Public Printing, 1908–1910) (Google Books) (13_1736_00, Notes).

Collins, Martial Law = John M. Collins, Martial Law and English Laws, c. 1500–1800 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016). (Introduction, n. 28.)

Complete Baronetage = [George E. (George Edward) Cokayne,] Complete Baronetage [1611–1800], 5 vols., with separate index (Exeter: W. Pollard & Co., Ltd., 1900–1906) (Hathi Trust). (Index, s.n. Clark/Clarke.)

Complete Peerage, ed. 1 = [George E. (George Edward) Cokayne,] Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant, 8 vols. (London: G. Bell & Sons, 1887–98). (Available online: Google Books,, Hathi Trust [easiest to use].) (JAM_1751_04, Additional Research; in Index s.n. Grey, Willoughby.)

Complete Peerage, ed. 2 = [George E. (George Edward) Cokayne, Vicary Gibbs, et al.] Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom: Extant, Extinct, or Dormant, rev. ed., 13 vols. (London: St. Catherine Press, 1910–1959). (Index s.n. Brydges, Cranstoun, Willoughby.)

Cracroft’s Peerage = Cracroft’s Peerage (website, accessed 7/16/2019). (Index, s.n. Grey.)

Crow, Johnston Stapp and Allied Families = Jennie F. Downing Crow, Johnston Stapp and Allied Families (Lincoln, NE: Word Services Publishing Co., c1980) (13_1743_00, Notes).

CSP = [Great Britain. Public Record Office,] Calendar of State Papers, Colonial: North America and the West Indies, 1574–1739, ed. W. Noël Sainsbury, J. W. Fortescue, Cecil Headlam, et al., 45 vols. (London: Longman, Routledge, 1860– ). (Alternative titles: Calendar of State Papers, Colonial: America and the West Indies, 1680–1700; Calendar of State Papers, Colonial.) (The consolidation of the subseries America and West Indies of the Colonial Series with the subseries devoted to the East Indies [with additions, in some volumes, from China, Japan, and Persia] results in volume numbers in the series as reprinted being five greater than those found in the APC.) (British History Online; ProQuest, by subscription.) (Images of the CSP are given in the reports when the reference was available at the time of the compilation of the APC [principally items from the 17th century]. There are other references to the CSP in Introduction, Catalogue Contents (1a, 1b, 1c), Advice (6b), Additional Resources Elsewhere; n. 13, n. 25, n. 28; JAM_1680_00, Additional Research, and NEV_1701_00, Disposition.)

Dallas, Reports 1 = Reports of Cases Ruled and Adjudged in the Courts of Pennsylvania before and since the Revolution, ed. A[lexander] J. Dallas, vol. 1, 2d ed. (Philadelphia: printed for P. Byrne, 1806) (1 U.S. [1 Dall.]) (Internet Archive) (10_1765_01, Other Documents; 10_1766_01, Other Documents) (see Cases).

Dallas, Reports 2 = Reports of Cases Ruled and Adjudged in the Several Courts of the United States and of Pennsylvania, ed. A[lexander] J. Dallas, vol. 2, 2d ed. (New York: Banks Law Publishing, 1906). (2 U.S. [2 Dall.].) (Internet Archive.) (Introduction, at n. 8.)

Dallas, Reports 4 = Reports of Cases Ruled and Adjudged in the Several Courts of the United States and of Pennsylvania, ed. A[lexander] J. Dallas (Philadelphia: Fry and Kammerer for P. Byrne, 1807) (4 U.S. [4 Dall.]) (Internet Archive) (06_1759_02, Other Documents) (see Cases).

Davis, “Federal Courts Prior to the Adoption of the Constitution” = J. C. Bancroft Davis, “Federal Courts Prior to the Adoption of the Constitution,” in United States Reports, vol. 131 [131 U.S.] (New York: Banks, 1889), Appendix, p. xix–lxiii. (“Courts of Appeals in Prize Cases,” p. xxxiv–xlix; “Courts for Determining Disputes and Difference Between Two or More States Concerning Boundary Jurisdiction, or Any Other Cause Whatever,” p. l–lxiii.) (Online, accessed 5/20/2020.) (Introduction, n. 8.)

Dictionnaire biographique du Canada = Dictionnaire biographique du Canada / Dictionary of Canadian Biography, 15 vols. (through 1930) to date (Toronto: University of Toronto Press; Ville de Québec: Presses de l’Université Laval, 1965– ). (We have used the French online edition.) (Index, s.n. Houdin.)

Digital Archive = Digital Archaeological Archive of Comparative Slavery (website, accessed 7/16/2019): see “Montpelier Estate (JA).”

Digital Library = The Digital Library of the Caribbean (website, accessed 7/16/2019): see Caribbeana 1909–1919.

“David Olyphant” =“Rt Hon. David Olyphant soi-disant Baron of Scotland,” in Legacies of British Slave-ownership (website, accessed 7/8/2019.): see also “Lord Oliphant.”

Edsall, Journal = Journal of the Courts of Common Right and Chancery of East New Jersey, 1683–1702, ed. Preston W. Edsall; Publications of the American Legal History Society, ser. 1 (Philadelphia: American Legal History Society, 1937) (Ejectment Research).

“Elizabeth Home” = “Elizabeth Home, Countess of Home,” in Wikipedia (website, accessed 6/8/2019). (JAM_1760_02, Notes.)

English Reports = The English Reports [Full Reprint], 178 vols. (Edinburgh: W. Green & Son; London: Stevens & Sons, 1900–1932). (We have used the version in HeinOnline, available by subscription, and, occasionally, the incomplete version from CommonLII – Commonwealth Legal Information Institute.; see Cases).

Equity Cases Abridged = [A Gentleman of the Middle Temple,] A General Abridgment of Cases in Equity: Argued and Adjudged in the High Court of Chancery, &c. [1667–1744]. 2 vols. (London: H. Lintot, 1732–1756). (We have used the version in Eng. Rep.; see Cases).

ESTC = [Great Britain. British Library,] English Short Title Catalogue (website, last visited 7/7/2019). (Introduction, Catalogue Content (2); n. 40; 07_1775_00, Additional Sources). [All references to ESTC numbers in Part 1 may be found by using the general search engine.]

Findling, “Lowther–Gordon Controversy” = John Findling, “The Lowther–Gordon Controversy,” Journal of the Barbados Museum and Historical Society, 34 (1973) 131–144. (BAR_1719_00, Notes.)

Fleming, Intimate Lives of the Founding Fathers = Thomas Fleming, The Intimate Lives of the Founding Fathers (New York: Smithsonian Books, 2009) (13_1755_02, Notes).

Fletcher, State of the Action = [William Fletcher], The State of the Action brought by William Fletcher against William Vassall for defaming him: tried in the Superiour Court at Boston, August Term, A.D. 1752 and now pending by appeal to his Majesty in Council. (Boston, n.p.: 1753) (Early American Imprints, Series 1: Evans no. 7001, by subscription) (05_1753_00, Other Documents).

Forsey v Cunningham = The Report of an action of assault, battery and wounding, tried in the Supreme Court of Judicature for the Province of New-York, In the term of October 1764, Between Thomas Forsey, plaintiff, and Waddel Cunningham, Defendant (New York: John Holt, 1764) (Early American Imprints, Series 1: Evans no. 9660, by subscription) (08_1765_02, Other Documents).

Fraas, Wrong Latitude = Arthur Mitchell Fraas, “They Have Travailed Into a Wrong Latitude:” The Laws of England, Indian Settlements, and the British Imperial Constitution 1726–1773 (Ph.D. dissertation, Duke University, 2011) (catalogued and abstracted here; ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Full Text, by subscription) (Introduction, n. 9).

Franklin Papers = Benjamin Franklin, The Papers of Benjamin Franklin, ed. Leonard W. Labaree, et al., 40 vols. to date (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1959– ). (We have used the digital edition: Yale University Library, The Papers of Benjamin Franklin, last visited 3/1/2014.) (02_11774_00, Additional Sources)

Freeman, Articles = William Freeman, A Copy of the Articles Exhibited by Mr. Freeman to the House of Commons against Col. Codrington: and Some Observations and Remarks in Answer to the Same. ([?London], 1702) (Eighteenth Century Collections: Gale CW3303852984, by subscription.) (Introduction, n. 33.)

Freeman, Case = William Freeman, The Case of William Freeman Esq; and Others, the Proprietors of Lands in the Charibbee Islands in America, under the Government of Col. Codrington, the Present Chief Governour There ([?London], [1702]) (Eighteenth Century Collections: Gale CB129543710, by subscription.) (Introduction, n. 33.)

Freeman, Petition = William Freeman, A Copy of the Petition of William Freeman, Esq; in Behalf of Himself and Others, against Col. Christopher Codrington, Governour of the Leeward Islands. Presented to the House of Commons the 19th. of February, 1701. With Some Remarks Thereon ([?London], 1702) (Eighteenth Century Collections: Gale CW103852970, by subscription.) (Introduction, n. 33.)

Gikandi, Slavery and the Culture of Taste = Simon Gikandi, Slavery and the Culture of Taste (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2011). (ACLS Humainities, by subscription.) (Introduction, n. 15.)

Glamorgan Archives = Glamorgan [Wales] Archives (website, accessed 7/18/2019). (Index, s.n. Mathew, Mathew.)

Goebel and Naughton, Law Enforcement in Colonial New York = Julius Goebel, Jr. and T. Raymond Naughton, Law Enforcement in Colonial New York: A Study in Criminal Procedure (1664–1776) (New York, Commonwealth Fund, 1944; repr. Montclair, NJ: Patterson Smith, 1970) (08_1681_02, Notes).

Grant, Jamaica Cases = John Grant, Notes of Cases Adjudged in Jamaica, May 1774 to Dec. 1787 (Edinburgh: Adam Neill and Company, [1794]) (Harvard Law School Library). (JAM_1776_00, Other Documents; JAM_1780_02, Other Documents; JAM_1781_01, Other Documents; JAM_1783_01, Other Documents.)

Grant-Costa, The Last Indian War in New England = Paul Joseph Grant-Costa, The Last Indian War in New England: The Mohegan Indians v. the Governour and Company of the Colony of Connecticut, 1703–1774 (Ph.D. dissertation, Yale University, 2008). (ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Full Text, by subscription.)

Griffin, Guide to Manuscripts = [Library of Congress. Manuscript Division], Grace Gardner Griffin, A Guide to Manuscripts relating to American History in British Depositories reproduced for the Division of Manuscripts of the Library of Congress (Washington, DC: The Library of Congress, 1946) (Introduction, Additional Resources Elsewhere; n. 40).

Hakluyt, Discourse = Richard Hakluyt, A Discourse on Western Planting, Written in the Year 1584, ed. Charles Deane, Documentary History of the State of Maine, 2 (Cambridge: Wilson, 1877) (online, accessed 5/20/2020). (Introduction, n. 7.)

Hancock, “World of Business” = David Hancock, “‘A World of Business to Do’: William Freeman and the Foundations Of England's Commercial Empire, 1645–1707,” The William and Mary Quarterly 57 (2000) 3–34. (JSTOR, accessed 5/20/2020.) (Introduction, n. 33.)

Hancock, The Letters of William Freeman, London Merchant, 1678–1685, ed. David Hancock (London: London Record Society, 2002). (Introduction, n. 33.)

Harris, Maryland Reports = Maryland Reports being a Series of the Most Important Law Cases, argued and determined in the Provincial Court and Court of Appeals of the then Province of Maryland, from the year 1700 down to the American Revolution selected from the records of the state and from the notes of some of the most eminent counsel who practiced law within that period, ed. Thomas Harris, Junior and John McHenry (New York: I. Riley, 1809) (Early American Imprints, Series 2, no. 17989, by subscription) (04_1730_01, Additional Sources; 04_1730_02, Additional Sources; 04_1776_00, Additional Sources; 04_1739_00, Other Documents; Research Opportunities).

Hazeltine, “Appeals from Colonial Courts” = Harold D. Hazeltine, “Appeals from Colonial Courts to the King in Council with Special Reference to Rhode Island,” in Annual Report of the American Historical Association for the year 1894 (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1895), 299–350 (HathiTrust) (Introduction, n. 9).

History of Parliament, 1690–1715 = History of Parliament: The House of Commons, 1690–1715, 5 vols., Eveline Cruickshanks, Stuart Handley, and D. W. Hayton, ed. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002). (We have used the online edition.) (Index, s.n. Grey.)

Hoadley, Connecticut Public Records 1726–1735 = The Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut, 1636–1776: [Volume 7] From May 1726 to May 1735, inclusive, ed. Charles J. Hoadley (Hartford: Press of the Case, Lockwood & Brainard Co. 1873) (Internet Archive) (01_1727_00, Other Documents).

Hoadley, Connecticut Public Records 1762–1767 = The Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut, 1636–1776: [Volume 12] From May, 1762 to October, 1767, inclusive, ed. Charles J. Hoadley (Hartford: Press of the Case, Lockwood & Brainard Co. 1881) (Internet Archive) (01_1765_00, Additional Sources).

Hough, New York Vice-Admiralty 1715–1788 = Reports of Cases in the Vice Admiralty of the Province of New York and in the Court of Admiralty of the State of New York, 1715–1788, ed. Charles Merrill Hough (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1925) (08_1717_01, Notes; 08_1735_00, Notes; 08_1765_01, Additional Sources).

Hulsebosch, Constituting Empire = Daniel Joseph Hulsebosch, Constituting Empire: New York and the Transformation of Constitutionalism in the Atlantic World, 1664–1830 (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2005) (Introduction, n. 9).

“I. Queries to John Mercer” = “I. Queries to John Mercer, 20 April 1759”, in Founders Online (website, accessed 7/8/2019). (Original source: Washington Papers, 210–213.)

Jamaica Laws, 1760–1792 = Laws of Jamaica, Comprehending All the Acts in Force Passed Between the First-Year of the Reign of King George the Third and the Thirty-Second Year of the Reign of King George the Third, 2nd ed. (St. Jago de la Vega, Jamaica: A. Aikman printer, 1802). (Google Books.) (JAM_1780_02, Notes, citing Table of Private Acts, Anno 24 Georgii III, sig. G[3].)

Jameson, “Predecessor of the Supreme Court” = J. Franklin Jameson, “The Predecessor of the Supreme Court,” in Essays in the Constitutional History of the United States in the Formative Period, 1775–1789, J. Franklin Jameson, ed. (Boston: Houghton-Mifflin, 1889) 1–45. (Gale, by subscription.) (Introduction, n. 8.)

Journals of the Board of Trade = [Great Britain. Public Record Office,] Journal of the Commissioners for Trade and Plantations Preserved in the Public Record Office; Issued by Authority of the Lords Commissioners of His Majesty’s Treasury under the Direction of the Master of the Rolls: April, 1704 to May 1782, 14 vols. (London, HMSO, 1920–1938). (Alternative title: Journals of the Board of Trade and Plantations, 1704–1782.) (LLMC Digital, by subscription; British History Online.) (Introduction, (Additional Resources Elsewhere; n. 28, n. 34.)

Journals of the House of Commons = [Great Britain, Parliament, House of Commons,] Journals of the House of Commons, vol. 13 (1699–1702), p. 755–756 (Hathi Trust). (NEV_1701_00, Disposition.)

Kammen, “Virginia at the Close of the 17th Century” = Michael G. Kammen, “Virginia at the Close of the Seventeenth Century: An Appraisal by James Blair and John Locke,” Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, 74 (1966) 141–169 (JSTOR) (13_1696_00, Notes).

Labaree, Royal Instructions 1670–1776 = Royal Instructions to the British Colonial Governors, 1670–1776, ed. Leonard Woods Labaree (New York: D. Appleton-Century Co., 1935; repr. New York: Octagon Books, 1967) (04_1694_00, Notes).

Lambeth Palace Library, Fulham Papers = [London, Lambeth Palace Library,] The Fulham Papers at Lambeth Palace Library, 20 microfilm reels (distributed by World Microfilms, c1970–1978). (Vol. XV, fol. 217–224, BAR_1719_00, Other Documents.) (11_1725_00, Other Documents; 11_1733_00, Other Documents; 11_1736_00, Other Documents; 13_1751_00, Other Documents).

Lambeth Palace Library, Miscellaneous American Material = [London, Lambeth Palace Library], Miscellaneous American Material 17th–18th Centuries, 5 microfilm reels (distributed by World Microfilms, c1978) (13_1762_01, Other Documents).

Library of Congress, Handbook of Manuscripts = [Library of Congress. Manuscript Division], Handbook of Manuscripts in the Library of Congress (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1918) (Internet Archive) (Introduction, n. 40).

Livesay, Children of Uncertain Fortune = Daniel Livesay, Children of Uncertain Fortune: Mixed-race Jamaicans in Britain and the Atlantic Family, 1733–1833, Williamsburg, Virginia: Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2018). (Introduction, n. 20.)

“Lord Oliphant” = “Lord Oliphant,” in Wikipedia (website, accessed 6/8/2019). (JAM_1751_04, Additional Research.): see also “David Olyphant.”

MacMillan, “Empire’s Law” = Catharine MacMillan, “Empire’s Law: Archives and the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council,” in Canada’s Legal Pasts: Looking Forward, Looking Back, Lyndsay Campbell, Ted McCoy, and Mélanie Méthot, ed. (Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 2020) 103–113 (online). (Introduction, n. 9.)

Mandell, Tribe, Race, History = Daniel R. Mandell, Tribe, Race, History: Native Americans in Southern New England, 1780–1880, Johns Hopkins University Studies in Historical and Political Science, 125th ser., 2 (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008). (Introduction, n. 18.)

Manross, Fulham Papers = William Wilson Manross, The Fulham Papers in the Lambeth Palace Library; American Colonial Section Calendar and Indexes (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1965) (11_1733_00, Additional Sources; 11_1725_00, Additional Sources; 11_1736_00, Additional Sources; 13_1751_00, Other Documents; 13_1762_01, Other Documents; 13_1765_01, Other Documents).

Modern Reports = Modern Reports, or, Select Cases Adjudged in the Courts of Kings Bench, Chancery, Common Pleas, and Exchequer: Since the Restoration of His Majesty King Charles II [1663–1705], vol. 1, 1st ed. (London: Printed for T. Basset, J. Wright, R. Chiswell, and S. Heyrick, 1682). (Ultimately extended to 1739, and printed in 12 vols.) (We have used the version in Eng. Rep.; see Cases).

“Montpelier Estate (JA)” = Introduction to “Montpelier Estate (JA),” in Digital Archaeological Archive of Comparative Slavery (website, accessed 7/9/2019). (JAM_1769_07, Notes.)

Morris, New York City Mayor’s Court 1674–1784 = Select Cases of the Mayor’s Court of New York City, 1674–1784, ed. Richard B. Morris (Washington, DC: American Historical Association, 1935) (08_1685_00, Notes).

Nanfan, Proclamation = A Proclamation [by] John Nanfan, Esq; His Majesties lieut. governour and commander in [chief] in and over the province of New-York [New York: William Bradford, 1701] (Early American Imprints, Series 1: Evans no. 1002, by subscription) (08_1702_02, Other Documents).

Narrative of Col. Bayard = A narative [sic] of the treatment Coll. Bayard received from the time that sentence was passed against him to the time of his giving that petition which the lieut. governour & Council caused to be printed and published in justification of their proceedings against him [New York: William Bradford, 1702] (Early American Imprints, Series 1: Evans no. 1079, by subscription) (08_1702_02, Other Documents).

New Hampshire, Laws 1718 = [New Hampshire. Laws, etc.], Acts and laws, passed by the General Court or Assembly of the Province of New-Hampshire in New-England begun and held at Portsmouth, the 13th. day of May, 1718 (Boston: B. Green, 1718) (Early American Imprints, series 1, Evans no. 1985, by subscription) (06_1759_01, Other Documents).

New York, Laws 1703 = An Act declaring the Illegality of the Proceedings against Coll. Nicholas Bayard and Alder-man John Hutchins for pretended High-Treason, and for Reversing and making Null and Void the said Judgments, and all Proceedings thereon, in Acts passed the 2d sessions of the General Assembly, beginning the 13 day of April, 1703: Anno regni Reginae Annae, Angliae, Scotiae, Franciae & Hiberniae, secondo [NewYork: William Bradford, 1703], 210–211 recte 212–213 (Early American Imprints, Series 1: Evans no. 1137, by subscription) (08_1702_02, Other Documents).

O’Connor and Bilder, “Appeals” = Sharon Hamby O’Connor and Mary Sarah Bilder, “Appeals to the Privy Council before American Independence: An Annotated Digital Catalogue,” Law Library Journal, 104 (2012) 83–97 (pdf) (Introduction, Overview).

ODNB = Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: In Association with the British Academy: From the Earliest Times to the Year 2000, 60 vols. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004) (online edition, by subscription, and partially available publicly). (Introduction, Advice (7); n. 33; Index, s.n. Ashurst, Bentinck, Campbell, Campbell, Carteret, Chute, Clark/Clarke, Codrington, Cranstoun, Crowe, Crowe, Dalling, Dunning, Fazakerley, Fletcher, Grant, Grey, Hay, Henley, Holt, Home, Howard, Hume-Campbell, Kenyon, Lee, Legge, Lyttelton, Mansfield, Mitford, Modyford, Morgan, Murray, Nares, Noel, Norton, O’Brien, Orby, Orby, Park/Parke, Parker, Perrot, Perryn, Pratt, Price, Price, Price, Ryder, Sewell, Skynner, Strange, Talbot, Thomas, Thurlow, Trelawny/Trelawney, Trelawny/Trelawney, Wallace, Wallop, Wallop, Wedderburn, Willes, Willes, Wynne, Yorke, Yorke.)

Owen and Tolley, Courts of Admiralty = David R. Owen and Michael C. Tolley, Courts of Admiralty in Colonial America: The Maryland Experience, 1634–1776 (Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, c1995) (Introduction, n. 39).

Page, Judicial Beginnings in New Hampshire 1640–1700 = Elwin L. Page, Judicial Beginnings in New Hampshire, 1640–1700 (Concord: New Hampshire Historical Society, 1959) (06_1684_00, Notes).

Parker, North Carolina Higher-Court 1724–1730 = North Carolina Higher-Court Minutes, 1724–1730, ed. Mattie Erma Edwards Parker, William S. Price, Robert J. Cain, North Carolina Higher-Court Records, 5; Colonial Records of North Carolina, Second Series, 6 (Raleigh, NC: Department of Cultural Resources, Division of Archives and History, 1981) (09_1729_00, Notes).

Philips v Philips = Gillam Philips, Esq.; Appellant. Hannah Philips, Widow, and Others, Respondents (n.l.: n.p., n.d. [1737]) (Gale The Making of Modern Law: Trials No. Q4201229410, by subscription) (05_1734_05, Notes).

“Phillips vs. Savage” = “The Case of Phillips vs. Savage [the printed cases],” Proceedings of Massachusetts Historical Society, 5 (1860–1861) 64–80 (05_1734_05, Notes).

Prince, Brief Representation = [Thomas Prince], An answer to a printed letter said to be wrote from a gentleman in Newport to his friend in Boston Aug. 27; pretending to find fault with a brief representation of the case between Dr. McSparran plaintiff and Mr. Torrey defendant, relating to the ministry land in South Kingstown, Narragansett, which was dated July 1739 (n.l.: n.p., n.d. [1739]) (Early American Imprints, Series 1: Evans no. 4379, by subscription) (11_1725_00, Additional Sources; 11_1733_00, Additional Sources; 11_1736_00, Additional Sources).

Privy Council Papers = Privy Council Papers Online, 1792 – 1998 (website, last visited 3/1/2014) (Introduction, Overview).

Quincy, Massachusetts Reports 1761–1772 = Josiah Quincy, Junior, Reports of Cases argued and adjudged in the Superior Court of Judicature of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, between 1761 and 1772, ed. Samuel M. Quincy (Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1865) (Quincy’s Reports) (Google Books; LLMC Digital, by subscription) (05_1755_00, Other Documents; 05_1764_00, Other Documents; 05_1768_00, Other Documents). [We have used the reprint, accompanied by extensive notes and commentary, that constitutes Portrait of a Patriot: The Major Political and Legal Papers of Josiah Quincy Junior: Volume 4: The Law Reports, Part One (1761–1765) and Volume 5: The Law Reports, Part Two (1765–1772), ed. Daniel R. Coquillette and Neil Longley York (Boston: The Colonial Society of Massachusetts, 2009).]

Raimo, Guide to Manuscripts = A Guide to Manuscripts Relating to America in Great Britain and Ireland : A Revision of the Guide Edited in 1961 by B. R. Crick and Miriam Alman, ed. John W. Raimo, Dennis Welland (Westport, CN: Meckler Books for the British Association for American Studies, c1979) (Introduction, n. 40).

Reaney, Surnames = P. H. Reaney, Dictonary of English Surnames, 3rd, R. M. Wilson, ed. (London: Routledge, 1991). (Index, s.n. Rennion [?Kennion].)

Reed v Reid = Joseph Reed defendant, ad. John Reid. Argument for the Defendant in Error [Philadelphia: ?1774] (Early American Imprints. Series 1: Evans no. 11053) (07_1775_00, Additional Sources). [The ESTC suggests the date of publication by internal evidence as 1774, indicating that Evans erroneously dates the item as 1768.]

Renwick, “Speech” = “Speech to the Empire Club of Canada by The Honourable William Renwick on 17 March 1927” (online). (QUE_1763_00, Notes; QUE_1767_01, Notes.)

Revolutionary War Prize Cases = Revolutionary War Prize Cases – Captured Vessels. (Website, accessed 5/20/2020.) (Introduction, n. 8.)

Rogers v Spalding = Sarah Rogers, Spinster, Administratrix of William Whetstone Rogers, Esq., Appellant and Alexander Spalding, Merchant, Respondent – The Appellant’s [and the Respondent’s] Case, (n.l.: n.p., 1740) (Gale’s Making of Modern Law: Trials No. Q4201229216,  by subscription) (13_1740_01, Other Documents).

Schlesinger, “Colonial Appeals” = Arthur Meier Schlesinger [Sr.], “Colonial Appeals to the Privy Council. I [and] II”, Political Science Quarterly, 28 (1913) 279–297, 433–450 (Introduction, n. 9).

Scott, Judicial Settlement = Judicial Settlement of Controversies between States of the American Union: Cases Decided in the Supreme Court of the United States, ed. James Brown Scott, Publications of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Division of International Law, Washington, 2 vols. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1918). (LLMC Digital, by subscription.) (Introduction, n. 8.)

Scott, United States = James Brown Scott, The United States of America: A Study in International Organization, Publications of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Division of International Law, Washington (New York: Oxford University Press, 1929). (Google Books.) (Introduction, n. 8.)

Short Narrative = A short narrative of the claim, title and right of the heirs of the Honourable Samuel Allen, Esq., deceased, to the province of New-Hampshire in New-England: transmitted from a gentlewoman in London, to her friend in New England ([?Boston], n.p.: [?1728]) (Early American Imprints, Series 1: Evans no. 3106, by subscription) (06_1701_00, Other Documents).

Shower’s [HL] Reports = Bartholomew Shower, Cases in Parliament Resolved and Adjudged, upon Petitions and Writs of Error (London: Printed for A. and J. Churchill, 1698). (We have used the version in Eng. Rep.; see Cases).

Skinner, Maryland Testamentary Abstracts 1736–1739 = Vernon L. Skinner, Jr., Abstracts of the Testamentary Proceedings of the Prerogative Court of Maryland Volume XXI: 1736–1739 (n.l.: Clearfield, 2009) (04_1738_01, Notes).

Smith = Joseph Henry Smith, Appeals to the Privy Council from the American Plantations (New York: Columbia University Press, 1950; repr. New York: Octagon Books, 1965). (Complete copy on this site.) (Cited in the Smith entry in 232 reports in Part 2.)

Swindler, “Seedtime” = William F. Swindler, “Seedtime of an American Judiciary: From Independence to the Constitution,” William and Mary Law Review, 17 (1976) 503, 513. (Online, accessed 1/20/2020.) (Introduction, n. 8.)

Term Reports = Charles Durnford and Edward Hyde East, Term Reports in the Court of King’s Bench: Containing from Michaelmas Term, 26th George III [1785 to Trinity term, 40th George III, 1800] Inclusive, 8 vols. (London: Printed by A. Strahan and W. Woodfall for J. Butterworth, 1794–1802). (We have used the version in Eng. Rep.; see Cases).

The Peerage = The Peerage (website, accessed 7/16/2019). (Index, s.n. Willoughby.)

Torrey, Brief Representation = Joseph Torrey, A brief representation of the case depending between the Rev. Dr. Mc’Sparran, plaintiff, and the Rev. Mr. Torrey, defendant, relating to the ministry land at Narraganset (n.l.: n.p., July 1739) (Early American Imprints, Series 1: Evans no. 40177, by subscription) (11_1725_00, Additional Sources; 11_1733_00, Additional Sources; 11_1736_00, Additional Sources).

United States Reports (U.S.): see Davis, Dallas.

Wainwright, “Tale of a Runaway Cape” = Nicholas B. Wainwright, “Tale of a Runaway Cape: The Penn-Baltimore Agreement of 1732,” The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, 87 (1963) 251–293 (JSTOR) (10_1765_01, Notes).

Walters, “Mohegan Indians v. Connecticut (1705–1773)” = Mark D. Walters, “Mohegan Indians v. Connecticut (1705–1773) and the Legal Status of Aboriginal Customary Laws and Government in British North America,” Osgoode Hall Law Journal, 33 (1995) 785–829.

Washburne, Imperial Control = George Adrian Washburne, Imperial Control of the Administration of Justice in the Thirteen American Colonies, 1684–1776 (New York: Columbia University, 1923; repr. Clark, NJ: Lawbook Exchange, 2006). (Introduction, n. 9.) 04_1723_00, Disposition; 01_1727_00, Notes; 04_1739_00, Notes; 08_1700_00, Notes).

Washington Papers = The Papers of George Washington, Colonial Series. 6: 4 September 1758–26 December 1760, ed. W. W. Abbot (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1988) 210–213. (We have used the version in Founders Online [website, accessed 7/8/2019].): see “I. Queries to John Mercer.”

Wikipedia = [English] Wikipedia (website, accessed 7/8/2019). (Index, s.n. Burton, Clark/Clarke, Durnford, Kendall, Legge, Lowther, Molesworth, Phenney, Pinfold, Wilmot, Worsley, Yeamans.): see also “Elizabeth Home”; “Lord Oliphant.”

Williams’ Reports = William Peere Williams, Reports of Cases Argued and Determined in the High Court of Chancery, and of Some Special Cases Adjudged in the Court of King’s Bench [1695–1735], 3 vols. (London: T. Osborne, 1740–1749). (We have used the version in Eng. Rep.; see Cases).

Winthrop, “Brief” = “Brief in the Appeal of John Winthrop,” in Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 6th ser., vol. 5 (Boston: The Society, 1892), 440–511 (Google Books) (01_1727_00, Other Documents).

Wood, Institute = Thomas Wood, An Institute of the Laws of England; or, The Laws of England in their Natural Order, According to Common Use, first ed. ([London]: E. and R. Nutt and R. Gosling, 1720) (Research Opportunities). [Between 1720 and 1772, the work saw ten editions, all of which are available online by subscription in Eighteenth Century Collections Online. A reprint of the 1772 edition was published in 2006 by The Lawbook Exchange.]

Wroth,“Maine Connection” = Kinvin Wroth, “The Maine Connection: Massachusetts Justice Downeast, 1620–1820,” in The History of the Law in Massachusetts: The Supreme Judicial Court 1692–1992, ed. Russell K. Osgood (Boston: Supreme Judicial Court Historical Society, 1992), p.171–206 (05_1735_02, Notes).

Yale Indian Papers Project (aka Native Northeast Portal) (website, accessed 5/19/2021). (Introduction, n. 19.)

Yirush, “Claiming the New World” = Craig B. Yirush, “Claiming the New World: Empire, Law, and Indigenous Rights in the Mohegan Case, 1704–1743,” Law and History Review, 29 (2011) 333–373 (Introduction, n. 9.).

Yirush, Settlers, Liberty, and Empire = Craig Yirush, Settlers, Liberty, and Empire: the Roots of Early American Political Theory, 1675-1775 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011) (Introduction, n. 19.)





The cases in printed reports cited in the catalogue are listed below with their usual form of citation. The abbreviations are listed under Abbreviations, and full references to the reporters are given in the Bibliography

Alpass v Watkins, 8 T.R. 516, 518–519, 101 Eng. Rep. 1521, 1522–1523 (KB 1800) (BAR_1730_00, Other Documents).

Chester v Paynter, sub nom. Chester v Painter, 2 P. Wms. 335–8, 24 Eng. Rep. 755–6 (PC 1725), abridged in 2 Eq. Cas. Abr. 313–14 pl. 21, 22 Eng. Rep. 266 (PC ?1721); 2 Eq. Cas. Abr. 375 pl. 24, 22 Eng. Rep. 319 (PC 1725); 2 Eq. Cas. Abr. 560 pl. 6, 22 Eng. Rep. 472 (PC 1725) (ANT_1725_03, Other Documents).

Colson v Colson, 2 Atk. 247, 249, 26 Eng. Rep. 553, 554 (Ch. 1741) (BAR_1730_00, Other Documents).

Deering v Packer, 4 U.S. [4 Dall.] xxiii (PC 1760) (06_1759_02, Other Documents).

Doe ex dem. Long v Laming, 2 Burr. 1100, 1102–1103, 97 Eng. Rep. 731, 732–733 (KB 1760) (BAR_1730_00, Other Documents).

Dutton v Howell, Shower P.C. 24, 1 Eng. Rep. 17 (HL 1693) (BAR_1685_01, Other Documents).

Laundry v Williams, 2 P. Wms. 478, 480, 24 Eng. Rep. 823, 824 (Ch. 1728) (ANT_1725_03, Other Documents).

Lessee of Fothergill et al. v Stover, 1 U.S. [1 Dall.]) 6 (Pa. 1763) (10_1765_01, Other Documents).

Nixon v Long, 1 U.S. [1 Dall.]) 6 (Pa. 1762) (10_1766_01, Other Documents).

Wytham v Dutton, 3 Mod. 159, 87 Eng. Rep. 103 (KB 1684) (BAR_1685_01, Other Documents).