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Bio-Bibliographical Guide to Medieval and Early Modern Jurists

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Report No. t231

Marianus Socinus iunior



Alternative Names

Socinus nepos; Mariano Socini (Sozzini, Soccini) jr.



Born in Siena, the grandson of the famous Sienese jurist of the same name (1401–1467) and the nephew of an equally famous Bartolomeus (also the subject of an entry by P. Nardi, in DBI), M. seemed destined for a career at the university of Siena. It was to turn out otherwise. He got his doctorate in civil law in Siena in 1505, and began teaching there. In 1517, however, he began to teach at Pisa where he remained remained 1523. After a brief return to Siena, he taught at Padova until he moved to Bologna in 1543, where he remained until the end of his life. His emoluments increased in each place where he went, and those at Bologna were enormous. He became known as the master of the mos italicus. As such he had to deal with competition from Alciatus, who was his contemporary, and with those who followed Alciatus. At the end of his life one of his sons and one of his grandsons became involved in an heretical movement, and M. himself was proceeded against by the Bolognese inquisitor for reasons that are not known.

M’s works were published after his death largely through the efforts of his son, Celso. There are commentaries on various titles of the Digestum novum and the Infortiatum that were printed and reprinted several times in different places. Four volumes of his consilia were published in Venezia in 1571, two of those De duello appear in TUI 1584 t. 12.

Source: P. Nardi, in DGI.

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