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Bio-Bibliographical Guide to Medieval and Early Modern Jurists

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Report No. t022

Bartolus de Saxoferrato

1313/14–1357

 

Alternative Names

Bartolo da Sassoferrato; Bartolo, of Sassoferrato

 

Biography/Description

Perhaps the best-known of the medieval civilian jurists, B. was born in the Venatura, a rural area at the time, now a neighborhood in Sassoferrato (prov. Ancona, ITA). He received his earliest education from the Franciscans, with whom he was connected throughout his life, and in whose convent in Perugia he was buried. When he was only in his early teens, he began his legal studies at Perugia under Cinus Pistoriensis, who introduced him to the ‘French method’ of interpreting legal texts. With the departure of Cinus from Perugia, B. went to Bologna where he studied with Rainerius de Arsendis de Forlivio, Jacobus de Belvisio, and, above all, Jacobus Buttrigarius, under whose patronage he obtained his doctorate in civil law in 1334 at the age of 21. He obtained no degree in canon law, but must have studied it, because he cites it often. After his doctorate, B. served as an assessor for the capitano del popolo in Todi, then of the podestà in Cagli, and finally of that in Pisa. He was called to the chair of civil law at the studium in Pisa in 1339, where he taught until 1343 when he was called to Perugia where he taught until his death, at the age of 43, in 1357.

For such a brief career, B’s scholarly output was enormous. Commentaries on both the Digest (all parts) and the Code (with the exception of the last half of the Tres Libri) survive. With minor exceptions (most of D.1 and D.27.1), these are all genuinely Bartolan works. The commentary on the Novels and on the Institutes attributed to him in the printed editions of his Opera omnia do not seem to be his. The printed editions contain 69 repetitiones on many passages in the Digest and Code, most of which seem to be genuinely Bartolan, and there are more in manuscript (Lepsius, 178). There are 465 consilia in print, and, once more, more in manuscript (ibid.). There are some 26 quaestiones disputatae in print. Recent manuscript studies would suggest that there are more, though some of these discoveries may be of items more appropriately categorized as consilia (ibid.). B.’s name sold books, and printers attributed to him many treatises that he did not write. Even manuscript attributions are not totally reliable. He did, however, write a number of the treatises that go under this name. Modern scholarship has in many cases reached a consensus about what items are genuinely Bartolan, and we attempt to report that consensus under the individual items.

As a general matter, B’s commentaries and repetitiones on the books of the Corpus seem to date from earlier in his career. Many of them seem to be connected with his teaching at Pisa. Once more as a general matter, the other works, and particularly the treatises, seem to be later, dating from his time at Perugia. These works suggest a turn in his interests both to public law and political theory and to procedure.

Even in his lifetime B. enjoyed a considerable reputation. He was later called the lucerna or monarcha iuris. ‘Nemo’, it was said, ‘bonus iurista nisi bartolista’. His commentaries became required reading for those who practiced the mos italicus, and his authority was accepted by the courts without question. The humanists demurred, but B’s works, both genuine and spurious, continued to be published into the 17th century.

Modern scholarship also finds B’s work impressive. Attention has, however, turned more to his procedural and political works, although his repetitio on Cunctos populos (C.1.1.1) is still cited by those interested in international private law or conflicts of law. On the substantive side, his treatises on water law have also attracted recent attention. His work on substantive private law as reflected in the commentaries and repetitiones perhaps deserves more attention than it has recently received. (An exception is Agnati, Il commento.) In particular, because B. frankly acknowledged the existence of customary and statutory law that was not Roman law, he was able to construct a system of Roman private law that was in some ways truer to the texts than was that of the glossators. Those who have worked with his commentaries notice how much sound legal judgment and legal imagination is found in those cryptic comments, qualities that often can be appreciated only if one looks at the authorities that he cites. On the procedural side, his commentary on the constitutions of Henry VII, commentary that was incorporated in the editions of the Corpus that contained these constitutions as imperial extravagantes, seems to anticipate modern ideas of due process. Much has been written about B. as a political theorist. He departed quite far from the Ghibbeline views of his teacher Cinus, and seems to have been working on a theory that owes quite a bit to Aristotle, that acknowledges the de facto independence of the Italian city-states, and that urges them to a more corporate understanding of their governance in a manner that in some ways anticipates Nicholas of Cusa.

Source: S. Lepsius, in DGI 1.177–180; Lange/Kriechbaum, Kommentatoren 682–733.

TUI database

 

Text(s)

 
No. 00

All texts. The texts in this list are numbered by their types: 1=Commentaria, 2=Repetitiones, 3=Consilia, 4=Quaestiones, 5=Tractatus, and 6=Miscellaneous. No. 1 is complete. Nos. 2 and 3 are selective, listing those items about which there is literature other Calasso’s list and those that exist only in manuscript. No. 4 is complete, so far as we are currently aware. In all four cases, the numbering that follows the underscore corresponds to the numbering in CALMA, so that the numbering of the repetitiones begins with 8. All of the consilia in CALMA are numbered 73, but with a superscript. We use the superscript number. The numbering of the quaestiones in CALMA begins with 74. The numbering of the tractatus is our own proceeding from those about which B’s authorship is certain through those about which it is doubtful to those about which it is virtually certain that B. did not write them. We do, however, also give the CALMA numbering where it exists. For all items, both those that we include and those that we do not, CALMA cites an early printed edition. For the most part, we refer the reader to CALMA for that information..

 
No. 1_00

Commentaria. The commentaries of B. on the three parts of the Dig. and on the Cod. are sufficiently fulsome that they were from early on divided into two parts.

 
No. 1_01

Digestum vetus. With the exception of Dig. 1, there is no reason to doubt the Bartolan authorship of this commentary. Lange/Kriechbaum 723. So far as Dig. 1 is concerned, there seems to be a consensus that it is, for the most part, not Bartolan, exceptions sometimes being made for the repetitio on Dig. 1.1.9. One might include in the exceptions the repetitio on Dig. 1.3.32 that was quoted and considerably expanded in the famous repetitio on Cod. 1.1.1. What was sometimes thought to have been an earlier version of Bartolus’ commentary on the Vetus now appears to be that of Cinus. D. Maffei, Lectura. Studies: Kirshner, ‘Wives Claims against Insolvent Husbands’ (on comm. ad Dig. 24.3.24); Peruzi, ‘Prime note’ 868–870; Bellomo, I fatti 525.

 
No. 1_02

Infortiatum. There seems to be no doubt that this is a genuinely Bartolan work. The commentary on Dig. 27.1 exists in two versions, one by B. the other by Nicolaus Spinelli. In some printed editions both are found and are hard to separate. Lange/Kriechbaum 724.

 
No. 1_03

Digestum novum. There is no doubt that this is a genuinely Bartolan work. It shows some indication of having been interrupted by the plague of 1348. Lange/Kriechbaum 724. Studies: Kirshner, ‘“Civitas sibi faciat civem”’ 699–711 (comm. ad Dig. 50.1.1 et Dig. 50.1.6).

 
No. 1_04

Codex (Cod. 1–9). There is no doubt that this is a genuinely Bartolan work. Lange/Kriechbaum 724. Studies: Peruzzi, ‘Prime note’ 897–898; Bellomo, I fatti 396.

 
No. 1_05

Tres libri (Cod. 10–12). B. seems to have undertaken this work in the last years of his life. He completed from Cod. 10.1 through 11.34(33) and the repetitio on Cod. 12.1.1 (the so-called ‘Tractatus de nobilitate mulierum’). The remaining titles are the work of Contes de Perusio, a colleague of Baldus. Lange/Kriechbaum 724. Studies: Quaglioni ‘“Orta est disputatio”’ 257–259 (comm. ad Cod. 10.31.49).

 
No. 1_06

Institutiones. The commentary on JI that appears in the printed Opera omnia of B. is not his work. Meijers, ‘L’universite d’Orleans’ 68–71 attributed it to Jacobus de Ravanis; Waelkens, ‘La lectura Institutionum’ found echoes of it in the work of Raoul d’Harcourt, a student of Jacobus. Lange/Kriechbaum 725; Lepsius, in DGI 1:178a..

 
No. 1_07

Authentica. The attribution of the lectura on the Novels that appears in the printed editions is uncertain. Unlike the commentary on JI, there is one, perhaps, two manuscript attributions. (Lange/Kriechbaum say two, citing Calasso. Calasso in DBI says one [BAV Vat. lat. 2610, fols. 244–335], but Lange/Kriechbaum were relying on the version of Calasso in ASD [temporarily unavailable to us], where he may have added one.) There are also incunabula (e.g., Milano 1477, GW 3475).

 
No. 2_00

Repetitiones. Lepsius, in CALMA lists 65. She says in DGI that there are 69 in print with an additional five in manuscript. We list here only those in CALMA and only those about which there has been some comment other than their appearance in Calasso’s list or which appear only in manuscript. We have preserved the numbers of the listing in CALMA, where a reference may also be found to early editions other than those that we list. As a general matter B’s repetitiones appear in the printed editions integrated into the commentaries, although they also may be found elsewhere in collections of repetitiones, and some appear only in such collections. Lepsisus in DGI 178 notes that B’s repetitiones are focused on the Dig. vetus (39) and on the Cod. (25). Lange/Kriechbaum 725 note that the number of B’s repetitiones is fewer than the surviving repetitiones of Petrus de Bellepertica or Jacobus de Ravanis.

 
No. 2_08

In l. Omnes populi, ff. de iustitia et iure (Dig. 1.1.9). See Storti Storchi, 'Appunti' 323–328; Maffei and others, I codici del Collegio di Spagna 182 [no. 24].

 
No. 2_09

In l. De quibus, ff. de legibus et senatusconsultis (Dig. 1.3.32). See Kirshner ‘Women Married Elsewhere’ 133.

 
No. 2_11

In l. Barbarius, ff. de officio praetorum (Dig. 1.14.3). See Cavallar, ‘Il tiranno’ 303–304.

 
No. 2_21

In l. De etate, ff. de interrogatoriis actionibus (Dig. 11.1.12). See Maffei and others, I codici del Collegio di Spagna 182 [no. 26].

 
No. 2_32

In l. Admonendi, ff. de iureiurando (Dig. 12.2.31). See Maffei and others, I codici del Collegio di Spagna 182 [no. 27]; see also Early Ed. where it is dated 4.ii.1352.

 
No. 2_39

In l. Quod Nerva, ff. depositi vel contra (Dig. 16.3.32). See Agnati, Il commento (includes ed. and trans.).

 
No. 2_40

In l. Societatem mecum arbitrorum, ff. pro socio (Dig. 17.2.76). See Maffei and others, I codici del Collegio di Spagna 182 [no. 25].

 
No. 2_43

In l. Mulier bona, ff. de iure dotium (Dig. 23.3.72). See Manuscripts (Vat. lat. 2656) where it is dated Perugia, xii.1343.

 
No. 2_50

In l. Si is qui pro emptore, ff. de usucapionibus (Dig. 41.3.15). See Kirshmer ‘“Civitas sibi faciat civem”’ 698.

 
No. 2_51

In l. Quominus, ff. de fluminibus (Dig. 43.12.2). See Donahue, Documents XIII–5 to XIII–8 (partial trans.).

 
No. 2_56

In l. Cunctos populos, Cod. De summa trinitate et fide catholica (C. 1.1.1). See Beale Bartolus on the Conflict of Laws; Smith, ‘Bartolo on the Conflict of Laws’; Maffei and others, I codici del Collegio di Spagna 434 (no. 127), 519 (no. 8), 635 (no. 4).

 
No. 2_58

In l. Placet, Cod. de sacrosanctis ecclesiis (C. 1.2.5). See Calasso, in DBI 6.649 (attributes to Nicolaus de Neapoli).

 
No. 2_60

In l. Edita actio, Cod. de edendo (C. 2.1.3). See Maffei and others, I codici del Collegio di Spagna 277 [no. 510].

 
No. 2_65

In aut. Ex causa praeteritionis post l. Maximum vitium antiquae subtilitatis, Cod. de liberis praeteritis (C. 6.28.4). See Manuscripts (Eichstätt, st 5).

 
No. 2_66

In l. Consentaneum, Cod. quomodo et quando iudex sententiam proferre debet (C. 7.43.8). See Manuscripts (Vat. lat. 1656).

 
No. 2_69

In aut. Hoc ita, post l. Creditor, Cod. de duobus reis (C. 8.39(40).1). See Maffei and others, I codici del Collegio di Spagna 726 [no. 2]; see also Manuscripts (Bologna, Collegio di Spagna 270).

 
No. 2_70

In l. Si quis, Cod. de naufragiis (C. 11.6.2). See Manuscripts (Vat. lat. 2656).

 
No. 2_71

In l. Si ut proponitis, Cod. de dignitatibus [C. 12.1.1]. See Barni, ‘Appunti’; Gilli La noblesse du droit 35–40; see also Manuscripts (Tübingen, Mc 60).

 
No. 2_72

In l. Mulieres, Cod. de dignitatibus (C.12.1.13) [item: l. Si ut proponitis (C. 12.1.1)]. See Calasso, in DBI 6.650; see also Manuscripts (Augsburg, 2° 406).

 
No. 5_00

Treatises. The list is ours beginning with that in Lange/Kriechbaum 726–731 in the order there presented, which proceeds, with some grouping by subject-matter, from those that in all probability can be assigned to B. through those about which Bartolan authorship is uncertain to those that are almost certainly not by him. After exhausting Lange/Kriechbaum’s list we proceed to those that are found only in CALMA, basically in alphabetical order by title. In all cases the CALMA reference is given. Literature listed is largely from CALMA. Calasso in DBI has almost all of them.

 
No. 5_01

De Guelphis et Ghibellinis (CALMA 126), c. 1355 X 1357. Bartolan ‘mit großer Sicherheit’; written around or after 1355. Lange/Kriechbaum 726. See Calasso, in DBI 6.655–656. Marongiu, ‘Il regime bipartitico’; Quaglioni, Politica e diritto.

 
No. 5_02

De regimine civitatis (CALMA 146). Bartolan ‘mit großer Sicherheit’; written around or after 1355. Lange/Kriechbaum 726. See Calasso, in DBI 6.658; Quaglioni, ‘“Regimen”’; Quaglioni, Politica e diritto; Walther, ‘Der gelehrte Jurist’; Finotto, La città chiusa 90; Walther, ‘“Regnum magis”’ 387–390; Quaglioni, ‘L’iniquo diritto’; Miglio, ‘Lorenzo Valla’ 228; Walther, ‘Una relación complicada’ 8–10.

 
No. 5_03

De tyrannia (‘De tyrannis’; ‘De tyranno’; ‘Tractatus tyrannidis’) (CALMA 156). Bartolan ‘mit großer Sicherheit’; written around or after 1355, thought to be incomplete, first published after his death by B’s son-in-law Nicolaus Alesandri de Perusio. Lange/Kriechbaum 726. See Calasso, in DBI 6.661; Ercole, Sulle fonti; Ercole, Da Bartolo; Quaglioni, Politica e diritto; Bignotto, A relevância; Green, Image of Tyranny.

 
No. 5_04

De insigniis et armis (CALMA 127). Bartolan ‘gesichert’; incomplete, just a few lines associated with each shield, first published after his death by his son-in-law Nicolaus Alesandri de Perusio, unclear whether and how much Nicolaus added to it. Lange/Kriechbaum 726. See Calasso, in DBI 6.655–656; Cavallar and others, A Grammar of Signs; Regoliosi, ‘L’Epistola’; Neumeyer, ‘Le bestiaire héraldique’; Cavallar and Kirshner, ‘“Ne ultra scarpas”’; see also Modern Editions.

 
No. 5_05

De repraesaliis (CALMA 148). Bartolan ‘gesichert’, completed in February 1354. Lange/Kriechbaum 726–727. See Calasso, in DBI 6.658–659; Quaglioni, ‘Il proemio’; Maffei and others, Codici del Collegio di Spagna, 184 (no. 39), 232 (no. 230).

 
No. 5_06

De exbannitis (CALMA 117). Bartolan ‘gesichert’. Lange/Kriechbaum 726–727. Cited by B. in ‘Tractatus super constitutione “Ad reprimendum”’. The doubts expressed in Feenstra, ‘Bartole’ 213, do not seem convincing. See Calasso, in DBI 6.655.

 
No. 5_07

De bannitis (CALMA 102). Bartolan ‘gesichert’; may be an extract from B’s quaestio ‘Lucanae civitatis’. Lange/Kriechbaum 727. See Calasso, in DBI 6.653; Ghisalberti, ‘La condanna del bando’; Zendri, ‘Eléments’.

 
No. 5_08

Liber minoricarum decisionum (Liber minoriatarum) (CALMA 158), 1354. Bartolan ‘gesichert’; according to the 17th-century Irish Franciscan Luke Wadding written late in 1354, later expanded by Johannes de Lignano. Lange/Kriechbaum 727. See Calasso, in DBI 6.657; Jemolo, ‘Il liber minoricarum’; Broglio, ‘Ideali pauperistici’ 383–387, 394; Maffei and others, I codici del Collegio di Spagna 181 (no. 16), 635 (no. 3); Parisoli, ‘La formazione’ 432; Damiata, ‘Bartolo da Sassoferrato e il “Liber Minoricarum”’.

 
No. 5_09

De nobilitate mulierum (De dignitatibus, De multis qualitatibus personarum) (CALMA 133). Bartolan ‘gesichert’; the alternative titles are a better description of the contents; the work is also found as a repetitio on Cod. 12.1.1, q.v. Lange/Kriechbaum 727. See Calasso, in DBI 6.657; Schnerb-Lièvre and Giordanengo, ‘Le songe du Vergier’.

 
No. 5_10

De duobus fratribus (De divisione fratrum duorum, De divisione inter fratres) (CALMA 115). Bartolan ‘gesichert’; unfinished, later expanded by Baldus. Lange/Kriechbaum 727. See Maffei and others, I codici del Collegio di Spagna, 181 (no. 20).

 
No. 5_11

Tractatus testimoniorum (De testibus) (CALMA 155). Bartolan ‘gesichert’; B. here treats the problem of the evidence of witnesses under, unusually for him, various philosophical aspects. Lange/Kriechbaum 727. See Calasso, in DBI 6.660; Quaglioni. ‘“Regnativa Prudentia”’; Lepsius, Der Richter; Lepsius, Von Zweifeln; Gilli, La noblesse du droit. 186–193.

 
No. 5_12

Tractatus super constitutione “Ad reprimendum” (Super constitutione “qui sint rebelles”) (CALMA 136). Two treatises, only treatises of B. on criminal law that B. today is thought to have written, published and date after 1355. Lange/Kriechbaum 728. See Calasso, in DBI 6.659–660; Betti, ‘La dottrina’; Quaglioni, ‘“Fidelitas”’; Cavallar, ‘Il tiranno’; Pennington, ‘Process’; Quaglioni, ‘“Rebellare”’.

 
No. 5_13

De praesumptionibus (Tractatus praesumptionum) (CALMA 142). Only the last nine presumptions are Bartolan. Lange/Kriechbaum 727. See Calasso, in DBI 6.658; Maffei and others, I codici del Collegio di Spagna 94 (no. 13), 436 (no. 141).

 
No. 5_14

De alimentis (Tractatus alimentorum) (CALMA 100). Is found in many mnauscripts; judgments on the authorship have, for a long time, not been uniform. Calasso leaves the question open (DBI 6.653); Casamassima regards it as genuine. Lange/Kriechbaum 727–728. See Calasso, in DBI 6.653; Peruzzi, ‘Prime note’ 889 (no. 28); Maffei and others, I codici del Collegio di Spagna 136 (no. 243a), 183 (no. 33), 435 no. 131).

 
No. 5_15

De arbitris (CALMA 101). ‘Nicht zweifelsfrei’. Lange/Kriechbaum 728. See Calasso, in DBI 6.653.

 
No. 5_16

De falcone (CALMA 121). ‘Zu vermuten’; it is a consilium. Lange/Kriechbaum 728. See Calasso, in DBI 6.655; Maffei and others, I codici del Collegio di Spagna 150 (no. 6).

 
No. 5_17

De forma inventarii aditionis hereditatis (CALMA 122, which notes that it is also attributed to Jacobus Butrigarius). ‘Zu vermuten’. Lange/Kriechbaum 728. See Calasso, in DBI 6.655; Maffei and others, I codici del Collegio di Spagna 259 (no. 401).

 
No. 5_18

De iudice suspecto recusando (CALMA 128). ‘Zu vermuten’. Lange/Kriechbaum 728. See Calasso, in DBI 6.656.

 
No. 5_19

De adverbis (CALMA 99). ‘Nicht gesichert’. Lange/Kriechbaum 728. See Calasso, in DBI 6.653.

 
No. 5_20

De copula et coniunctione (CALMA 111). ‘Nicht gesichert’. Lange/Kriechbaum 728. See Calasso, in DBI 6.654.

 
No. 5_21

De dictionibus (CALMA 112). ‘Nicht gesichert’. Lange/Kriechbaum 728. See Calasso, in DBI 6.654.

 
No. 5_22

De gerundiis (CALMA 125). ‘Nicht gesichert’. Lange/Kriechbaum 728. See Calasso, in DBI 6.654.

 
No. 5_23

De expensis (CALMA 120). ‘Ungewiß’ (later classified as not Bartolan, but uncertain as to whom, with a suggestion of Jacobus de Arena). Lange/Kriechbaum 728, 729. See Calasso, in DBI 6.655; CALMA lists a manuscript (Eichstätt, st 186) where it is ascribed to Guido de Suzariis.

 
No. 5_24

De manumissionibus (CALMA 131). ‘Ungewiß’; is possibly a part of a lectura on the Digestum novum. Lange/Kriechbaum 728. See Calasso, in DBI 6.657.

 
No. 5_25

De sequestrationibus (CALMA 151). ‘Ungewisß’. Lange/Kriechbaum 728. See Calasso, in DBI 6.659; Maffei and others, I codici del Collegio di Spagna 183 (no. 34).

 
No. 5_26

De substitutionibus (CALMA 152). ‘Ungewisß’. Lange/Kriechbaum 728. See Calasso, in DBI 6.659; Peruzzi, ‘Prime note’ 899 (no. 2).

 
No. 5_27

De excussionibus pignorum (CALMA 119). Attributed to B. by Diplovatatius, ‘kommt nur eine Umarbeitung durch Bartolus in Betracht’ (later classified as not Bartolan, but uncertain as to whom, with a suggestion of Jacobus de Arena or Jacobus Butrigarius). Lange/Kriechbaum 728 n. 383, 729. See Calasso, in DBI 6.655.

 
No. 5_28

De iudiciis (De ordine iudiciorum, Ordo iudiciarius, Tractatus iudiciorum) (CALMA 129). Attributed to B. by Diplovatatius, ‘kommt nur eine Umarbeitung durch Bartolus in Betracht’ (later classified as not Bartolan, but a version of the ordo ‘Ad summariam notitiam’ [see Report no. a376], probably reworked by B. for a lecture). Lange/Kriechbaum 728 n. 383, 729. See Calasso, in DBI 6.656.

 
No. 5_29

Tractatus quomodo et qualiter probetur mors (De mortuo) (CALMA 160). Attributed to B. by Diplovatatius, ‘kommt nur eine Umarbeitung durch Bartolus in Betracht’. Lange/Kriechbaum 728 n. 383. See Calasso, in DBI 6.658; Maffei and others, I codici del Collegio di Spagna 136 (no. 224); Lepsius, Von Zweifeln 103–106.

 
No. 5_30

De natura actionis et interdictorum (CALMA 132). Attributed to B. by Diplovatatius, ‘kommt nur eine Umarbeitung durch Bartolus in Betracht’. Lange/Kriechbaum 728 n. 383. See Calasso, in DBI 6.659.

 
No. 5_31

De peremptione instantiae (CALMA 137). Attributed to B. by Diplovatatius, ‘kommt nur eine Umarbeitung durch Bartolus in Betracht’; is a repetitio on Cod. 3.1.13. Lange/Kriechbaum 728 n. 383. See Calasso, in DBI 6.657; Maffei and others, I codici del Collegio di Spagna 135 (no. 240).

 
No. 5_32

De ritu iudiciorum ad practicam (Super stilo et observantia curiae imperialis) (CALMA 150), ?1357. Attributed to B. by Diplovatatius, ‘kommt nur eine Umarbeitung durch Bartolus in Betracht’. Lange/Kriechbaum 728 n. 383. See Calasso, in DBI 6.659; CALMA notes a manuscript (Camerino 97) where the treatise is ascribed to Bartolus as having been written in the year in which he died.

 
No. 5_33

De tabellionibus (CALMA 154), s. 14/2. ‘Nicht Werk des B.’; speaks of B. in the third person, dates from 2d half of 14th century, also not Bartolan because of its contents. Lange/Kriechbaum 728–729. See Calasso, in DBI 6.660; Era, Due trattati; Valentini, Il “Tractatus de tabellionibus” (attributing the tract to Baldus and noting that it has been attributed to B. and to Gozzadino de Gozzadinis).

 
No. 5_34

De successionibus ab intestato (CALMA 153). ‘Nicht Werk des B.’; in one of its versions is a work of Dinus de Mugello, in another work of Cinus. It is possible that Bartolus reworked the work of Dinus. Lange/Kriechbaum 729. See Calasso, in DBI 6.659; CALMA has a manuscript (Eichstätt, st 186) in which the attribution is clearly to Dinus.

 
No. 5_35

De consiliis habendis per assessores (CALMA 108). ‘Nicht Werk des B.’; another work in more than one version; Diplovatatius has B. as the author only of additiones to one of them. Lange/Kriechbaum 729. See Calasso, in DBI, 6.654; CALMA suggests attributions to Albertus de Papia, Iohannes Andreae, Odoredus de Denariis, or Albertus de Ramponibus.

 
No. 5_36

De carceribus (CALMA 104). ‘Nicht von B.’ Lange/Kriechbaum 729. See Calasso, in DBI, 6.653. CALMA has a manuscript (Eichstätt, st 186) which attributes to ‘quidam filius domini Baldi’.

 
No. 5_37

De cicatricibus (CALMA 107). ‘Nicht von B.’ Lange/Kriechbaum 729. See Calasso, in DBI, 6.653; Campitelli, ‘Il “Tractatus de cicatricibus”’ (attributes to Franciscus Albergotti).

 
No. 5_38

De quaestionibus (CALMA 145). ‘Insbsondere nicht von B.’ Lange/Kriechbaum 729. See Calasso, in DBI, 6.658.

 
No. 5_39

De percussionibus ex quibus moritur quis ex intervallo (CALMA 135). The ‘Tractatus percussionum’ is a work of Odofredus. Lange/Kriechbaum 729. See Calasso, in DBI, 6.657: Meffei, ‘Il “Tractatus percussionum”’’ Cavallar, ‘Agli albori’. CALMA suggests that it could also be a work of Dinus de Mugello.

 
No. 5_40

De statutis (not in CALMA or Calasso). Despite Savigny this work is no longer considered a Bartolan. Lange/Kriechbaum 729.

 
No. 5_41

Regulae statutorum (CALMA 161). Is a later compilation from writings of B. Lange/Kriechbaum 729. See Calasso, in DBI 6.658.

 
No. 5_42

Quaestiones ventilatae coram domino Iesu Christo inter virginem Mariam ex una parte et diabolum ex alia parte (Processus iudiciarius super possessorio; Processus Satanae contra genus humanum; Tractatus de advocata nostra beata Maria virgine) [inc.: “Nostis, fratres carissimi, qualiter Sathanas, proditoria instrumenta, Iude procuravit”; expl.: “dicentes: ‘Salve, regina, vita, dulcedo et spes nostra, salve”’] (CALMA 159). The debate about attribution is old and does not seem to have been revisited recently. It is possible that B. reworked a version and made the citations more precise. Lange/Kriechbaum 730–731. See Jacquin, ‘Le “procès de Satan”’.

 
No. 5_43

De differentiis inter ius canonicum et civile (CALMA 113). Early ascribed to B. but Diplovataccius denied it, holding it to be a reworking of a work by Jacobus de Albertino de Bononia by an anonymous author possibly cited by B. in one of his consilia. Recent work has emphasized the difference between the two works and has once more brought B. back into play as a possible author. Lange/Kriechbaum 731. See Portemer, ‘Bartole et les différences’.

 
No. 5_44

Differentiae inter leges romanorum et langobardorum (not in CALMA or Calasso). Not B.; most likely a work of Andreas de Barulo. Lange/Kriechbaum 731.

 
No. 5_45

De bonorum possessionibus (CALMA 103). Not in Lange/Kriechbaum. See Calasso, in DBI 6.653.

 
No. 5_46

De casibus in quibus citatio non valet (CALMA 105). Not in Lange/Kriechbaum. See Calasso, in DBI 6.653.

 
No. 5_47

De casibus in quibus requiritur speciale mandatum (CALMA 106). Not in Lange/Kriechbaum. See Calasso, in DBI 6.653.

 
No. 5_48

De constituto (CALMA 110). Not in Lange/Kriechbaum. See Calasso, in DBI 6.654.

 
No. 5_49

De dubiis quae ab imperiali maiestate declarari requiruntur (CALMA 114). Not in Lange/Kriechbaum. See Calasso, in DBI 6.654.

 
No. 5_50

De electione imperatoris (CALMA 116). Title is included here in the CALMA website seemingly in error; no reference is given to manuscripts, printed editions, or studies.

 
No. 5_51

De excommunicationibus (CALMA 118). Not in Lange/Kriechbaum. See Calasso, in DBI 6.655.

 
No. 5_52

De forma receptionis testium (CALMA 123). Not in Lange/Kriechbaum. See Calasso, in DBI 6.655.

 
No. 5_53

De guarentigiis (CALMA 124). Not in Lange/Kriechbaum. See Calasso, in DBI 6.655.

 
No. 5_54

De iurisdictione (CALMA 130). Not in Lange/Kriechbaum. See Calasso, in DBI 6.655–657: Maffei and others, I codici del Collegio di Spagna 262 (no. 416).

 
No. 5_55

De officio iudicis (CALMA 134). Not in Lange/Kriechbaum. See Calasso, in DBI 6.657.

 
No. 5_56

De permutationibus beneficiorum (CALMA 138). Not in Lange/Kriechbaum. See Calasso, in DBI 6.657.

 
No. 5_57

De positionibus (CALMA 139). Not in Lange/Kriechbaum. See Calasso, in DBI 6.657.

 
No. 5_58

De praeceptis (CALMA 140). Not in Lange/Kriechbaum. See Calasso, in DBI 6.657.

 
No. 5_59

De praescriptionibus (CALMA 141). Not in Lange/Kriechbaum. See Calasso, in DBI 6.657.

 
No. 5_60

De procuratoribus (CALMA 143). Not in Lange/Kriechbaum. See Calasso, in DBI 6.658.

 
No. 5_61

De pugna (CALMA 144). Not in Lange/Kriechbaum. See Calasso, in DBI 6.658.

 
No. 5_62

De renunciationibus (CALMA 147). Not in Lange/Kriechbaum. See Calasso, in DBI 6.658.

 
No. 5_63

De reprobatione testium (CALMA 149). Not in Lange/Kriechbaum. See Calasso, in DBI 6.658; Degenring, ‘Text-überlieferung’. The Degenring article was unavailable to us at this writing. In the meantime, our thoughts on this text may be found in our analysis of TUI 1584, with an attached memo. In one of the manuscripts listed in CALMA (Ravenna 485.1), it is called ‘repetitio Bartoli’.

 
No. 5_64

De usuris (CALMA 157). Not in Lange/Kriechbaum. See Calasso, in DBI 6.661.

 
No. 5_65

Tractatus super electione opinionis verioris (CALMA 162). Not in Lange/Kriechbaum. See Calasso, in DBI 6.661.

 
No. 5_66

Tractatus verborum directorum obliquorum et communium in successionis materia (CALMA 164). Not in Lange/Kriechbaum. See Calasso, in DBI 6.661.

 
No. 5_67

Contrarietates Bartoli (not in CALMA or Calasso). Lange/Kriechbaum 433–434. This is not a work of B’s, and so far as we are aware, only TUI 1584 attributes it to him. It belongs to a general class of legal literature that lists the dissensiones, differentiae, or contrietates between, for example, civil and canon law, or among various doctors, or within a given doctor. Lange/Kriechbaum 429. This work is of the last type. It probably is, or is derived from, a work by the Bolognese professor Mathaeus de Mathesilanis (t118, s.n. Matthaeus) and dates to the early 15th century. It lists the instances in which B. seems to have contradicted himself without offering any solution.

 
No. 6_00

Miscellaneous. The following items are found in Diplovatatius’ edition of B’s works. They have received some attention recently as illustrative of B’s ideas about the role of jurists and of the law.

 
No. 6_01

Sermo in doctoratu domini Bonaccursii fratris sui (CALMA 165). Not in Lange/Kriechbaum or Calasso. See Quaglioni ‘Autosufficienza’; Quaglione, ‘Tra bartolisti et antibartolisti’ 125–134; Quaglione, A une déesse inconnue 83–89; Gilli, La noblesse du droit 191–192; Lepsius, ‘Juristische Theoriebildung’.

 
No. 6_02

Sermo in doctoratu domini Iohannis de Saxoferrato (CALMA 166). Not in Lange/Kriechbaum or Calasso. See Quaglioni ‘Autosufficienza’; Maffei and others, I codici del Collegio di Spagna 591 (no. 39).

 

Text(s) – Early Printed Editions

No. 5_15

De arbitris (CALMA 101).

 
Early Printed Editions

Tractatus ex variis iuris interpretibus. Lyon, 1549.

 
 

Tractatus universi iuris: Quæstiones in materia arbitrorum cum additionibus Lanfranchini. Venezia: F. Ziletti, 1584, 3.1.294va.

 
No. 5_27

De excussionibus pignorum (CALMA 119).

 
Early Printed Editions

Tractatus universi iuris. Venezia: F. Ziletti, 1584, 3.2.140va.

 
No. 5_35

De consiliis habendis per assessores (CALMA 108).

 
Early Printed Editions

Tractatus ex variis iuris interpretibus. Lyon, 1549.

 
 

Tractatus universi iuris. Venezia: F. Ziletti, 1584, 3.1.330va.

 
No. 5_67

Contrarietates Bartoli (not in CALMA or Calasso).

 
Early Printed Editions

Tractatus universi iuris. Venezia: F. Ziletti, 1584, 2.163ra.

 

Literature

(There is more bibliography in Lange/Kriechbuam and in Lepsius in CALMA. The selection here is based on Lepsius in DGI, with such additions are necessary to fill out the report.)

C. Donahue, Documents on Continental Legal History (unpublished 2020) p. XIII–5 to XIII–8 (online).

M. Mordini, ‘Il recesso nei contratti bilaterali e la definizione del feudo come “contractus gratia utriusque contrahentis” (sec. XIIex.-XIIIin.)’, RIDC, 29 (2018) 68.

T. Woelki, ‘Singularia – eine fast vergessene Gattung der juristischen Literatur’, BMCL, 34 (2017) 229–230.

F. Treggiari, ‘Sulle edizioni dei Consilia, quaestiones et tractatus di Bartolo da Sassoferrato’, RIDC, 27 (2016) 159–184.

S. Menzinger, ‘Le professioni legali nel Medioevo: verso una circolarità della cultura giuridica europea’, RIDC, 27 (2016) 242.

Bartolo da Sassoferrato nel VII centenario della nascita : diritto, politica, società : atti del L Convegno storico internazionale, Todi-Perugia, 13-16 ottobre 2013 (Atti dei convegni del Centro italiano di studi sul basso medioevo – Accademia tudertina, nuova serie 27; Spoleto 2014) (online).

J. Giltaij, ‘Roman Law and the causa legitima for Reprisal in Bartolus’, Fundamina, 20(1) (2014) (online).

S. Lepsius, ‘Bartolo da Sassoferrato’, in DGI 1.177–180.

Giornate di Studi Bartoliani (29–30 giugno 2011), F. Bertini, ed. (Studi umanistici Piceni 32, Supplemento Monografico; Sassoferrato 2012).

G. Murano, Autogiapha. I.1 Giuristi, giudici e notai (sec.XII–XVI med.) (Bologna 2012) 66–71.

G. Rossi, ‘Bartolo da Sassoferrato’, in Contributo italiano alla storia del pensiero = Enciclopedia italiana Appendice ottava – Il diritto, P. Cappellini, P. Costa, M. Fioravanti, and Bernardo Sordi, ed. (Roma 2012) 51–52 (online).

E. Schneider, ‘Le statut du docteur chez Bartole’, Droit et cultures (L’enseignement du droit) (2010) 91–135. (This special number of Droit et Cultures does not seem to be available on its website; it can be downloaded from Academia.edu.)

A. Bartocci, Ereditare in povertà: Le successioni a favore dei frati minori e la scienza giuridica nell’età avignonese (1309-1376) (Pubblicazioni del Dipartimento di scienze giuridiche, Università degli studi di Roma “La Sapienza” 32; Napoli 2009) 95–128, 109–l81.

B. Ancel, ‘Le commentaire de Bartole ad legem Cunctos populos sur la glose: Quod si bononiensis mis en français’, in Mélanges en l’honneur d’Anne Lefebvre-Teillard, B. d’Alteroche and others, ed. (Paris 2009) 53–71.

F. Treggiari, Le ossa di Bartolo: Contribute alla storia della tradizione giuridica perugina (Perugia 2009) 9–32, 87–177.

E. Cortese, ‘Intorno al edizione di Bartolo curata dal Diplovatazio’, in Juris Historia: Liber amicorum G. Dolezalek, E. Conte and E. Martellozzo Forin, ed. (Berkeley 2008) 369–385.

H. Lange and M. Kriechbaum, Kommentatoren 682–733.

J. Kirshner, ‘Bartolus of Sassoferrato De tyranno and Salustius Buongulielmi’s consilium on Niccolò Fortebracci’s Tyranny in Città di Castello’, Medieval Studies, 68 (2006) 303–331.

S. Lepsius, ‘Bartolus de Saxoferrato’, in CALMA (2004) 2.1.1056 (online by subscription) (Mirabile.)

M. García Garrido, ‘Bártolo de Sassoferrato’, in Juristas universales 2.344–349.

S. Lepsius, ‘Juristische Theoriebildung und philosophische Kategorien: Bemerkungen zur Arbeitsweise des Bartolus de Sassoferrato’, in Politische Reflexion in der Welt des späten Mittelalters / Political Thought in the Age of Scholasticism: Essays in Honour of Jürgen Miethke, M. Kaufhold, ed. (Studies in medieval and reformation traditions 103; Leiden 2004) 287–304 (online by subscription) (Proquest.)

U. Agnati, Il commento di Bartolo da Sassoferrato alla lex “Quod Nerva” (D. 16, 3, 32): Introduzione, testi e annotazioni (Torino 2004). (Includes the text of the repetitio with a translation into Italian.)

O. Cavallar, ‘River of Law: Bartolus’s “Tiberiadis” (“De alluvione”)’, in A Renaissance of Conflicts: Visions and Revisions of Law and Society in Italy and Spain (Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies: Essays and Studies 3; Toronto 2004) 30–129. (Includes preliminary ed. of the treatise, 83–129.)

S. Lepsius, ‘Public·Responsibility for Failure to Prosecute a Crime? An Inquiry into an Umbrian Case by Bartolo da Sassoferrato’, in A Renaissance of Conflicts: Visions and Revisions of Law and Society in Italy and Spain, J. Marino and T. Kuehn, ed. (Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies: Essays and Studies 4; Toronto 2004) 131–170. (Includes the text of the consilium 1.102, 161–170.)

F. Cesar, ‘Popular Autonomy and Imperial Power in Bartolo of Sassoferrato’, Journal of the History of Ideas, 65 (2004) 369–381.

S. Lepsius, Der Richter und die Zeugen anhand des Tractatus tcstimoniorum des Bartolus von Sassoferrato (Studien zur europäischen Rechtsgeschichte 158; Frankfurt a.M. 2003). (Includes edition of ‘Tractatus testimoniorum’ 233–328 .)

S. Lepsius, Von Zweifeln zur Überzeugung: der Zeugenbeweis im gelehrten Recht ausgehend von der Abhandlung des Bartolus von Sassoferrato (Studien zur europäischen Rechtsgeschichte Band 160 ; Frankfurt a.M. 2003).

P. Gilli, La noblesse du droit: Débats et controverses sur la culture juridique et le rôle des juristes dans l’Italie médiévale (XIIe–XVe siècles) (Études d’histoire médiévale 7; Paris 2003) 35–40.

D. Quaglioni, A une déesse inconnue. La conception pré-moderne de la justice (Paris 2003) 83–89. (Trans. Marie-Dominique Couzinet. In Italian: La giustizia nel Medioevo e nella prima età moderna (Bologna 2004).)

C. Zendri, ‘Eléments d’une définition juridique de l’exil dans le “Tractatus de bannitis” de Bartolo da Sassoferrato (1314–1357)’, La République en exil (XVe-XVIe siècles)= Laboratoire italien. Politique et société, 3 (2002) 33–49 (online).

O. Cavallar, ‘Personaggi in cerca di “editore”: Una proposta di lettura per alcuni degli ultimi trattati bartoliani’, RIDC, 15 (2001) 97–112.

D. Quaglioni, ‘“Orta est disputatio super materia promotionis inter doctores”: L’ammissione degli ebrei al Dottorato’, Gli ebrei e le scienze. The Jews and the Sciences = Micrologus. Natura, scienze e società medievali. Nature, Sciences and Medieval Societies. Rivista della Società Internazionale per lo Studio del Medio Evo Latino, 9 (2001) 249–267.

H. Walther, ‘Una relación complicada. Los juristas y Aristóteles’, Patristica et mediaevalia, 22 (2001) 3–16 (online). (Translated by Gustavo D. Corbi, not clear that German version was ever published, relies on Walther’s ‘Verbis Aristotelis non utar’.)

O. Cavallar and J. Kirshner, ‘“Ne ultra scarpas”. Un cultore d’araldica fuorilegge’, Ius commune, 28 (2001) 297–311.

M. Ryan, ‘Bartolus of Sassoferrato and the Free Cities’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 10 (2000) 65–89.

M. Bellomo, I fatti e il diritto: Tra le certezze e i dubbi dei giuristi medievali (secoli XIII–XIV) (Roma 2000).

M. Neumeyer, ‘Le bestiaire héraldique. Un miroir de la chevalerie’, in Il mondo animale = The world of animals. Actes du colloque de l'Université de Lausanne, 1998, 2 vols. (Firenze 2000) 1.145–164. Reprinted in: These volumes were published as a special number of the Rivista della Società Internazionale per lo Studio del Medio Evo Latino .

M. Damiata, ‘Bartolo da Sassoferrato e il “Liber Minoricarum”’, Studi francescani, 97 (2000) 5–78.

D. Quaglioni, ‘“Rebellare idem est quam resistere”: Obéissance et résistance dans les glosses de Bartole à la constitution “Quoniam nuper” d’Henry VII (1355)’, in Le droit de résistance, XIIe-XXe siècle, J.-C. Zancarini and others, ed. (Theoria; Lyon 1999) 35–46.

P. Rotundo, ‘Etica e diritto Trecento italiano riflessioni di Bartolo da Sassoferrato sulla tirannide’, Nuova civilità della macchine, 17 (1999) 86–96.

C. Frova, ‘Le traité de fluminibus de Bartole de Sassoferrate’, Mediévales, 36 (1999) 81–91.

J. Kirshner, ‘Donne maritate altrove: Genere e cittadinanza in Italia’, in Tempi e spazi di vita femminile tra medioevo ed età moderna, S. Seidel Menchi, A. Schutte, and T. Kuehn, ed. (1999) 377–429. (English translation as ‘Women Married Elsewhere: Gender and Citizenship in Italy’, in Time, Space and Women’s Lives in Early Modern Europe, A. Schutte, T. Kuehn, and S. Seidel Menchi, ed. (Kirksville, MO 2001) 117–49.)

S. Degenring, ‘Text-überlieferung als Ausdruck dogmatischer Interessenverlagerung: Zwei spätmittelalterliche Traktate zum Zeugenbeweis in Kontinuitäten und Zäsuren’, in Kontinuitäten und Zäsuren in der europäischen Rechtsgeschichte. Europäisches Forum Junger Rechtshistorikerinnen und Rechtshistoriker (Frankfurt a.M.-Berlin-Bern-Bruxelles-New York-Wien 1999) 22.109–125.

O. Cavallar, ‘Agli albori della medicina legale: i trattati “De percussionibus” e “De vulneribus”’, Ius commune, 26 (1999) 27–89.

D. Quaglioni, ‘Tra bartolisti e antibartolisti. L’Umanesimo giuridico e la tradizione italiana nella “Methodus” di Matteo Gribaldi Moffa (1541)’, in Studi di storia del diritto medioevale e moderno, F. Liotta, ed. (Bologna 1999) 185–212.

M. Bellomo, ‘Bartolo da Sassoferrato’, in Medioevo edito e inedito (Roma 1998) 2.181–193.

K. Pennington, ‘Process, Community and the Prince’, RIDC, 9 (1998) 9–47.

M. Regoliosi, ‘L’Epistola contra Bartolum del Valla’, in Filologia umanistica per Gianvito Resta, V. Fera and G. Ferraú, ed. (Medioevo e umanesimo 94-96; Padova 1997) 2.1501–1571.

O. Cavallar, ‘Il tiranno, i “dubia” del giudice, e i “consilia” dei giuristi’, Archivio storico italiano, 155 (1997) 265–345.

L. Parisoli, ‘La formazione del concetto di infallibilità pontificia nella riflessione francescana sulla povertà da Pietro di Giovanni Olivi a Guglielmo d’Ockham’, Collectanea Franciscana. Rivista internazionale di storia, dottrina, spiritualità e arte francescana, 67 (1997) 431–58 (432).

P. Weimar, ‘Bartolus de Saxoferrato (1313/14–1357)’, in Juristen: Ein biographisches Lexikon von der Antike bis zum 20. Jahrhundert, M. Stolleis, ed. (München 1995) 67–68.

O. Condorelli, ‘“Homo parvae staturae, et coloris turgidi et gibbosus”: Bartolo da Sassoferrato nell’anonima descrizione del manoscritto Napoli, Biblioteca Nazionale, VII.D.77’, RIDC, 6 (1995) 357–364.

E. Brizio, ‘I “consilia” di Bartolo da Sassoferrato nel ms. Seo de Urgel 2109’, in Consilia im späten Mittelalter. Zum historischen Aussagewert einer Quellengattung, I. Baumgärtner, ed. (Sigmarigen 1995) 237–242.

D. Quaglioni, ‘“Fidelitas habet duas habenas”’, in Origini dello stato: processi di formazione statale in Italia fra medioevo ed età moderna, G. Chittolini, A. Molho, and P. Schiera, ed. (Annali dell’Istituto storico italo-germanico 39; Bologna 1994) 381–396.

O. Cavallar and S. Degenring, A·Grammar of Signs: Bartolo da Sassoferrato’s Tract on Insignia and Coats of Arms (Studies in Comparative Legal History; Berkeley 1994). (Includes edition of ‘De armis et insigniis’ 109–144 .)

K. Pennington, The Prince and the Law, 1200–1600: Sovereignty and Rights in the Western Legal Tradition (Berkeley 1993) 196–201, and passim.

N. Bignotto, ‘A relevância do estudo da tirania na obra de Bartolus de Sassoferrato’, Veritas. Revista quadrimestral de filosofia da PUCRS, 38 (1993) 315–323. (This periodical is said to be online at http://revistaseletronicas.pucrs.br/. We could not reach the article cited, however, on 14.vi.2020, perhaps because of the circumstances at that time.)

L. Green, ‘The Image of Tyranny in Early Fourteenth-Century Italian Historical Writing’, Renaissance Studies, 7 (1993) 335–351.

L. Waelkens, ‘La lectura Institutionum de Raoul d’Harcourt’, RIDC, 3 (1992) 79–91. Reprinted in: Miscellanea Domenico Maffei dicata, Historia – Ius –Studium, Antonio García y García and Peter Weimar, ed. (Goldbach 1995) 3.219–231.

D. Maffei and others, I codici del Collegio di Spagna di Bologna: studiati e descritti (Orbis academicus: Saggi e documenti di storia delle università 5; Milano 1992). (The lead authors included E. Cortese, A. García y García, C. Piana, and G. Rossi. They had the assistance of M. Ascheri, F. Liotta, P. Maffei, G. Minnucci, P. Nardi, A. Domingues de Sousa Costa, and G. Nicolaj.)

D. Quaglioni, ‘“Regnativa prudentia” nel tractatus testimoniorum bartoliano’, in Théologie et droit dans la science politique de l’Etat moderne: actes de la table ronde organisée par l’Ecole française de Rome avec le concours du CNRS, Rome, 12–14 novembre 1987 (Collection de l’École française de Rome 147; Roma 1991) 155–170.

C. Storti Storchi, ‘Appunti in tema di “potestas condendi statuta”’, in Statuti, città e territori in Italia e Germania tra medioevo ed età moderna: Atti della XXX settimana di studio dell’Istituto storico italo-germanico in Trento su “Gli statuti delle città italiane e delle Reichsstädte tedesche”: Trento, 11–15 settembre 1989, G. Chittolini and D. Willoweit, ed. (Bologna 1991) 319–344. (German translation as ‘Betrachtungen zum Thema “Potestas condendi statuta”’, in Statuten, Städte und Territorien zwischen Mittelalter und Neuzeit in Italien und Deutschland, G. Chittolini and D. Willoweit, ed. (Berlin 1992) 251–70.)

H. Walther, ‘Wasser in Stadt und Contado. Perugias Sorge um Wasser und der Flußtraktat “Tyberiadis” des Perusiner Juristen Bartolus von Sassoferrato’, in Mensch und Natur im Mittelalter, A. Zimmermann and A. Speer, ed. (Berlin-New York 1991) 2.882–897.

D. Quaglioni, ‘“Regnativa Prudentia” – Diritto e teologia nel “Tractatus testimoniorum” bartoliano’, in Théologie et droit dans la science politique de l’Etat moderne. Actes de la table ronde organisée par l’Ecole Française de Rome avec le concours du C.N.R.S. Rome, 12–14 novembre 1987 (Roma 1991) 155–170. Reprinted in: id. “Civilis Sapientia”: Dottrine giuridiche e dottrine politiche tra medioevo ed età moderna (Rimini 1989) 107–125.

E. Brizio, ‘Una indicizzazione automatica dei “Consilia” di Bartolo da Sassoferrato’, Studi senesi, 103 (1991) 105–169, 283–349 (online). (The second set of pages contain indices of subscriptions (usually the author of the consilium), incipits, keywords indicating the substantive issues, and proper names.)

P. Peruzzi, ‘Prime note sulla vita e sull’opera scientifica di Francesco Tigrini da Pisa’, Studi medievali, 31 (1990) 853–900. (Tigrini was a friend and collaborator of B.)

D. Quaglioni, ‘Autosufficienza e primato del diritto nell’educazione giuridica preumanista ’, in Sapere e/è potere. Discipline, dispute e professioni nell’Università medievale e moderna. Il caso bolognese a confronto. Atti del 4° Convegno. Bologna, 13–15 aprile 1989: 2 Verso un nuovo sistema del sapere, L. Avellini, A. Cristiani, and A. De Benedictis, ed. (Bologna 1990) 2.2.125–134.

M. Ascheri, ‘The Formation of the “Consilia” Collection of Bartolus of Saxoferrato and Some of His Autographs’, in The Two Laws. Studies in Medieval Legal History Dedicated to Stephan Kuttner, L. Mayali and S. Tibbets, ed. (Washington, DC 1990) 188–201. (Italian translation: ‘Bratolo da Sassoferrato: il “suo” “tractatus” consiliare e i suoi “consilia”’, in id., Diritto medievale e moderno. Problemi del processo, della cultura e delle fonti giuridiche (Rimini 1991) 212–223.)

M. Schnerb-Lièvre and G. Giordanengo, ‘Le songe du Vergier et le traité des dignités de Bartole, sources des chapitres sur la noblesse’, Romania. Revue trimestrielle consacrée à l’étude des langues et des littératures romanes, 110 (1989) 181–232 (115–130).

D. Quaglioni, ‘Un tetrafarmaco per il filologo’, Studi medievali, 29 (1988) 785–803.

D. Maffei, ‘Manuscripts and Legal Publishers in the Early Sixteenth Century’, in Proceedings Berkeley (1985) 49–54. Reprinted in: id., Studi di storia delle università e della letteratura giuridica (Goldbach 1995) 343–348.

J. Kirshner, ‘Wives’ Claims against Insolvent Husbands in Late Medieval Italy’, in Women of the Medieval World: Essays in Honor of John H. Mundy, J. Kirshner and S. Wemple, ed. (Oxford 1985) 256–303.

D. Quaglioni, ‘Il proemio del bartoliano “Tractatus represaliarum”’, Pluteus, 2 (1984) 85–92.

J. Kirshner, ‘Bartolo da Sasoferrato’, in DMA 2.114b–116a.

D. Quaglioni, Politica e diritto nel Trecento italiano: il “De tyranno” di Bartolo da Sassoferrato (1314-1357) (Il pensiero politico: Biblioteca 11; Firenze 1983). (Includes editions of ‘De Guelfis et Gibellinis’ 130–146, ‘De regimine civitatis’ 148–170, and ‘De tyranno’ 172–213.)

H. Walther, ‘“Verbis Aristotelis·non utar, quia ea juristae non saperent”: Legistische und aristotelische Herrschaftstheorie bei Bartolus und Baldus’, in Das Publikum politischen Theorie·im 14. Jarhrhundert, J. Miethke and A. Bühler, ed. (Schriften des Historischen Kollegs: Kolloquien 21; München 1982) 111–126.

D. Quaglioni, ‘L’officiale in Bartolo’, in L’educazione giuridica (Perugia 1981) 4.143-187. (L’educazione giuridica was published in 6 vols. (Perugia 1975–81 [vols. 1–4]; Napoli 1988–94 [vols. 5–6]).)

P. Weimar, ‘Bartolo da Sassoferrato, jurist’, in LMA (1980) 1.1500–1501 (online by subscription) (Brepols.)

S. Lepsius, ‘Bartolus de Saxoferrato (1313/14–1357)’, in HRG 2d ed. (1980) 1.450–454 (online by subscription) (ESV HRG digital.)

D. Segeloni, ‘Aspetti del pensiero giuridico e politico di Bartolo da Sassoferrato’, in Il diritto comune e la tradizione giuridica europea: atti del convegno di studi in onore di Giuseppe Ermini, Perugia, 30-31 ottobre 1976, D. Segeloni, ed. (Perugia 1980).

H. Walther, ‘Der gelehrte Jurist und die Geschichte Roms: Der Traktat De regimine civitatis des Bartolus de Saxoferrato als Zeugnis des städtischen Selbstbewußtseins Perugias’, in Ecclesia et regnum: Beiträge zur Geschichte von Kirche, Recht und Staat im Mittelalter: Festschrift für Franz-Josef Schmale zu seinem 65. Geburtstag (Bochum 1980) 285–301.

D. Segeloni, ‘“Practica”. “Practicus”. “Practicare” in Bartolo e Baldo’, in L’educazione giuridica, A. Giuliani and N. Picardi, ed. (Perugia 1978) 2.52-103. (L’educazione giuridica was published in 6 vols. (Perugia 1975–81 [vols. 1–4]; Napoli 1988–94 [vols. 5–6]).)

N. Cohn, Europe’s Inner Demons (New York 1975) 138–146. (Same in rev. ed. (Chicago 1993) 193–201.)

P. Weimar, ‘Bartolus de Saxoferrato’, in Die Grossen der Weltgeschichte, 4: Boccaccio bis Palladio, P. Rotundo, ed. (Zürich 1974) 64–77. Reprinted in: id., Zur Renaissance der Rechtswissenschaft im Mittelalter (Goldbach 1997) 338–350.

J. Kirshner, ‘“Civitas sibi faciat civem”: Bartolus of Sassoferrato’s Doctrine on the Making of a Citizen’, Speculum (1973) 694–713.

A. García y García, Iter hispanicum (Codices Bartoli a Saxoferrato recensiti 2; Firenze 1973).

E. Casamassima, Iter germanicum (Codices Bartoli a Saxoferrato recensiti 1; Firenze 1971).

J. A. C. Smith, ‘Bartolo on the Conflict of Laws’, AJLH, 14 (1970) 157–183, 247–276. (HeinOnline. A much better translation of the repetitio on Cod. 1.1.1. than Beale’s, made difficult to use by the fact that Smith began by translating the comment by Bartolus on Dig. 1.3.32 and did not repeat the translation in his translation of the comment on Cod. 1.1.1 when Bartolus repeated the earlier comment..)

Thomas Diplovatatius, Liber de claris iuris consultis, F. Schulz, H. Kantorowicz, and G. Rabotti, ed. (SG 10; 1968) 274–287.

F. Broglio, ‘Ideali pauperistici e strutture temporali nella canonistica del secolo XIV. Notazioni ed appunti per una edizione del “Liber Minoritarum” di Giovanni da Legnano’, SG, 14 (1967) 369–436 (383–387, 394).

D. Maffei, ‘Il “Tractatus percussionum” pseudo-bartoliano e la sua dipendenza da Odofredo’, Studi senesi, 78 (1966) 7–18. Reprinted in: id. Studi di storia delle università e della letteratura giuridica (Goldbach 1995) 53–64.

V. Valentini, ‘Il “Tractatus de tabellionibus” di Baldo degli Ubaldi attribuito anche a Bartolo da Sassoferrato nonché a Gozzadino de’ Gozzadini’, Studi urbinati di scienze giuridiche ed economiche, 34 (1965–6) 3–167.

‘Bartolo da Sassoferrato’, in DBI (1964) 6.640–669 (online).

A. Campitelli, ‘Il “Tractatus de cicatricibus” di Francesco Albergotti attribuito a Bartolo da Sassoferrato’, ASD, 8 (1964) 269–288.

D. Maffei, La Lectura super Digesto veteri di Cino da Pistoia: Studio sui manoscritti Savigny 22 et Urb. Lat. 172 (Quaderni di “studi senesi” 10; Milano 1963) 1–4.

Bartolo da Sassoferrato: Studi e documenti per il VI centenario, 2 vols. (Milano 1962). (Partially analyzed here as ‘Bartolo da Sassoferrato. Studi e documenti’.)

E. Betti, ‘La dottrina costruita da Bartolo sulla constitutio “Ad reprimendum”’, in Bartolo da Sassoferrato. Studi e documenti (1962) 2.37–47.

A. Era, ‘Due trattati attribuiti a Bartolo: “De tabellionibus” e “Contrarietates iuris civilis Romanorum et iuris Longobardorum”’, in Bartolo da Sassoferrato. Studi e documenti (1962) 2.217–125.

R. Jacquin, ‘Le “procès de Satan”’, in Bartolo da Sassoferrato. Studi e documenti (1962) 2.269–80.

J. Portemer, ‘Bartole et les différences entre le droit romain et le droit canonique’, in Bartolo da Sassoferrato. Studi e documenti (1962) 2.399–412.

R. Feenstra, ‘Bartole dans les Pays-Bas (anciens et modernes). Avec additions bibliographiques à l’ouvrage de J.L.J. Van de Kamp’, in Bartolo da Sassoferrato. Studi e documenti (1962) 1.173–281.

B. Paradisi, ‘La diffusione europea del pensiero di Bartolo e le esigenze attuali della sua conoscenza’, in Bartolo da Sassoferrato. Studi e documenti (1962) 1.397–472. Reprinted in: id. Studi sul medioevo giuridico (Roma 1987) 2.897-964.

E. Meijers, ‘L’Université d’Orléans au XIIIe siècle’, in Études d’histoire du droit, R. Feenstra and H. Fischer, ed. (Leiden 1959) 3.68–71.

G. Barni, ‘Appunti sui concetti di “dignitas”, “nobilitas”, “officium” in Bartolo da Sassoferrato’, Archivio giuridico “Filippo Serafini”, 155 (1958) 130–148.

J. L. J. van de Kamp, Bartolus de Saxoferrato, 1313–1357: Leven, werken, invloed, beteekenis (Proefschrift–Amsterdam; Amsterdam 1936).

F. Ercole, Da Bartolo all'Althusio. Saggi sulla storia del pensiero pubblico del Rinascimento italiano (Firenze 1932).

A. Jemolo, ‘Il “Liber minoricarum” di Bartolo e la povertà minoritica nei giuristi del XIII e XIV secolo’, Studi sassaresi, 3d ser., vol. 2.1 (1922) 1–80. Reprinted in: id. Scritti vari di storia religiosa e civile (Milano 1965) 29–74.

J. H. Beale, Bartolus on the Conflict of Laws (Cambridge 1914; repr. Clark, NJ 2003). (Not recommended. For something better, see Smith, ‘Bartolo’.)

C. N. S. Woolf, Bartolus of Sassoferrato: His Position in the History of Medieval Political Thought (The Thirwall Prize Essay 1913; Cambridge 1913).

F. Ercole, Sulle fonti e sul contenuto della distinzione fra tirannia “ex defectu tituli” e tirannia “exercitio” (Firenze 1912).

F. von Savigny, Geschichte 6.137–184.

Giovanni Paolo Lancelotti, Vita Bartoli iureconsulti ex certissimis atque indubitatis argumentis desumpta . . . Cui accessit eiusdem authoris adversus detractores Baldi defensio (Perugia: Petrus Iacobus Petrutius, 1576) (online).