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Report No. a367

Paulus Ungarus

d. 1242

 

Alternative Names

Paul of Hungary; Paulus von Ungarn; Paulus Hungarus; Paolo Ungaro; Paul le Hongrois; Paulus Bononiensis; Paulus von Sankt Nikolaus; Paolo Dalmata

 

Biography/Description

Author of two influential collections of Notabilia on the Compilationes II and III. After a teaching career at Bologna (at least from 1219), he entered the Dominican order in 1221, to become a celebrity as a preacher. In this capacity, he wrote a widely known Summa de penitentia(c.1220–21) and was sent by the Dominicans as a missionary to Hungary (1221) and beyond. He died in 1242. A minority of scholars (e.g. H. Weisweiler) has questioned the identity of the canonist and the Dominican.

 

Text(s)

 
No. 1

Notabilia ‘Nota quod non possumus’. On 2Comp.

 
No. 2

Notabilia ‘Nota quod tituli decretalium’. On 3Comp.

 
No. 3

Summa de penitentia. This work was later revised by Cardinal Berengar. His redaction also survives in several manuscripts. Cf. the entry ‘Berengarus Fredoli.’.

 

Text(s) – Manuscripts

No. 1

Notabilia ‘Nota quod non possumus’.

 
Manuscript

Angers, BM 374, fol. 10v–14

 
 

Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat. fol. 249, fol. 60v–64

 
 

Firenze, BN Conv. soppr. da ordinare, Vallombrosa 38, fol. 170ra–173vb

 
 

Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 975, fol. 209–11

 
 

Oxford, Bodleian Libr. Laud Misc. 646, fol. 62–65v

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 14320, fol. 134v–140

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 17530, fol. 50–53v

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Borgh. 261, fol. 76–80

 
 

Worcester, Cath. Libr. F. 159, fol. 17–19v

 
No. 2

Notabilia ‘Nota quod tituli decretalium’.

 
Manuscript

Angers, BM 374, fol. 14v–21v

 
 

Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat. fol. 249, fol. 64v–71

 
 

Firenze, BN Conv. soppr. da ordinare, Vallombrosa 38, fol. 174ra–181vb (ends at 3 Comp. 5.17.6)

 
 

Giessen, Universitätsbibl. MCVI

 
 

Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 975, fol. 211–16

 
 

Melk, Stiftsbibl. 333, 132v–252v (as a second layer of glosses)

 
 

Oxford, Bodleian Libr. Laud Misc. 646, fol. 65v–74

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 14320, fol. 140v–151

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 17530, fol. 53v–61

 
 

Paris, Bibl. Arsenal 394, fol. 77–122v (combined with the Casus Scribit dominus papa)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Borgh. 261, fol. 80r–v, 83–90, 81r–v

 
 

Worcester, Cath. Libr. F. 159, fol. 19v–25v

 
No. 3

Summa de penitentia.

 
Manuscript

(The work exists in two recensions. Paulus might only have been responsible for the first. Weisweiler has categorized the manuscripts of the original text as the ‘D-Gruppe’, for it contains allegationes to the Decretum and other legal texts, while manuscripts of the second recension belong in the ‘oD-Gruppe’, that is, they are ‘without’ (ohne) the references to the Decretum. The original text is also longer because of an additional section at the end of the virtues and the vices. Weisweiler did not provide a list of all manuscripts falling into these categories, so some manuscripts listed are not confirmed as belonging in one or the other group.)

 
 

München, BSB Clm 11481, fols. 85 ff. (oD-Gruppe; work attributed to a Magister Guillelmus; contains a revised first part on confession, probably penned by Magister Guillelmus)

 
 

Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Msc. theol. 36 (Q.II.5), fol. 144 ff. (oD-Gruppe; work attributed to a Magister Guillelmus; contains a revised first part on confession, probably penned by Magister Guillelmus)

 
 

München, BSB Clm 9740, fol. 53 ff. (work attributed to Innocent III; slight revision of text with three new chapters)

 
 

Wien, ÖNB 1355 (work attributed to Raymundus de Pennaforte)

 
 

Wien, ÖNB 4012 (work attributed to Raymundus de Pennaforte)

 
 

Monte Cassino, Bibl. Abbazia 799B (D-Gruppe)

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 3568, fol. 146 ff. (notes that work was ‘edita a magistro Francisco [Caraccioli], quondam cancellario Parisiensi’)

 
 

Angers, BM 394 (381) (work attributed to Magister Paulus)

 
 

Praha, Univ. Knihovna III.D.13, fols. 143v ff. (work attributed to Magister Paulus)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Pal. lat. 461, fol. 251 ff. (work attributed to Magister Paulus)

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 14883 (work attributed to Magister Paulus)

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 14528 (work attributed to Magister Paulus)

 
 

Oxford, Lincoln Coll. 67 (work attributed to Magister Paulus)

 
 

München, BSB Clm 3238, fol. 146 ff. (D-Gruppe; work attributed to Magister Paulus)

 
 

München, BSB Clm 4586, fol. 1 ff. (oD-Gruppe; work attributed to Magister Paulus)

 
 

München, BSB Clm 4782a, fol. 1 ff. (oD-Gruppe; work attributed to Magister Paulus)

 
 

München, BSB Clm 4708, fol. 70v ff. (work attributed to Magister Paulus)

 
 

München, BSB Clm 5604, fol. 155 ff. (work attributed to Magister Paulus)

 
 

München, BSB Clm 9666, fol. 48 ff. (D-Gruppe; work attributed to Magister Paulus)

 
 

München, BSB Clm 11338, fol. 48 ff. (oD-Gruppe; work attributed to Magister Paulus)

 
 

München, BSB Clm 14724, fol. 246 ff. (work attributed to Magister Paulus)

 
 

München, BSB Clm 18779, fol. 148 ff. (oD-Gruppe; work attributed to Magister Paulus)

 
 

Venezia, BN II.99 (work attributed to Magister Paulus)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Pal. lat. 397, fol. 18 ff. (D-Gruppe; no attribution)

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 15952, fol. 99 ff. (no attribution)

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 16504, fol. 83ff (no attribution)

 
 

Oxford, Bodleian Libr. Laud misc. 208 (no attribution)

 
 

Klosterneuberg, Stiftsbibl. 797, fol. 231 ff. (oD-Gruppe; no attribution)

 
 

Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 276, fol. 9 ff. (D-Gruppe; no attribution)

 
 

Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 221 (D-Gruppe text minus allegationes)

 
 

Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 318, fol. 10 ff. (D-Gruppe text minus allegationes; no attribution)

 
 

Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 152, fol. 199 ff. (D-Gruppe; no attribution)

 
 

Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Msc. patr. 52 (Q.IV.39), fol. 80 ff. (oD-Gruppe; no attribution; contains a revised first part on confession, probably penned by Magister Guillelmus)

 
 

Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Msc. theol. 107 (Q.IV.36), fol. 70 ff. (D-Gruppe; no attribution)

 
 

Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Msc. theol. 124 (Q.III.14), fol. 120 ff. (oD-Gruppe; contains the table of contents from the D-Gruppe; no attribution)

 
 

München, BSB Clm 3049, fol. 40 ff. (D-Gruppe; no attribution)

 
 

München, BSB Clm 3596, fol. 132 ff. (D-Gruppe; no attribution; contains slight revision of text based on Raymundus de Pennaforte’s Summa)

 
 

München, BSB Clm 5979, fol. 17 ff. (D-Gruppe; no attribution)

 
 

München, BSB Clm 12665, fol. 143 ff. (D-Gruppe; no attribution)

 
 

Monte Cassino, Bibl. Abbazia 184 (D-Gruppe; no attribution)

 
 

Lambach, Stiftsbibl. lat. 134 (no attribution)

 

Text(s) – Early Printed Editions

No. 3

Summa de penitentia.

 
Early Printed Editions

Miscellanea quae ex codicibus mss. collegit Raymundus Duellius: Magistri Pauli presbyteri S. Nicolai Summa de paenitentia. Wien: Raimund Duellius, 1723, 59-83 (online). In Weisweiler categorization, an edition of the oD-Gruppe.

 

Text(s) – Modern Editions

No. 3

Summa de penitentia.

 
Modern Editions

Bibliotheca casinensis, IV (Montecassino 1880) 191–215 (According to Weisweiler’s categorization, this is an edition of the original text, the D-Gruppe. The page numbers given here seem to be wrong, but the photography of the online edition is so bad that we cannot correct them. The hyperlink brings you to page 59 of the online copy, which seems to be the first page of MS 184.)

 

Literature

S. Tugwell, ‘Was Paulus Hungarus Really Dalmatian?’, Archivum fratrum praedicatorum, 79 (2009) 5–21.

K. Pennington, ‘The Decretists: The Italian School’, in The History of Medieval Canon Law in the Classical Period, 1140–1234: From Gratian to the Decretals of Pope Gregory IX, W. Hartmann and K. Pennington, ed. (History of Medieval Canon Law 6; Washington DC 2008) 162–63.

H. Müller, Der Anteil der Laien an der Bischofswahl: Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Kanonistik von Gratian bis Gregor IX. (Kanonistische Studien und Texte 29; Amsterdam 1977) 196.

M. Bertram, ‘Some Additions to the “Repertorium der Kanonistik”’, BMCL, 4 (1974) 11.

F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milano 1971) 367–68.

J. Brundage, Medieval Canon Law and the Crusader (Madison WI 1969) 75–76.

P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain 1962) 24–26.

R. Chabanne, ‘Paulus Hungarus’, in DDC (1957) 7.1270–76.

S. Kuttner, ‘Interlim Checklist of Manuscripts’, Traditio, 13 (1957) 467.

G. Dénes, I notabili di Paolo Ungaro canonista bolognese del secolo XIII (Roma 1944).

F. Banfi, ‘Paolo Dalmata detto Ongaro: A proposito dei codici Borghese 261 e Pal.lat. 461 della Biblioteca Vaticana’, Archivio storico per la Dalmazia, 27 (1939) 43–61, 133–50.

S. Kuttner, ‘La réserve papale du droit de canonisation’, RHDFE, 17 (1938) 204, 223.

S. Kuttner, Repertorium 412–14, 431–33.

H. Weisweiler, ‘Handschriftliches zur “Summa de penitentia” des Magister Paulus von Sankt Nikolaus’, Scholastik, 5 (1930) 248–60.

J. von Schulte, QL 1.196–97, 230.