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Bio-Bibliographical Guide to Medieval and Early Modern Jurists

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Report No. a366

Paucapalea

fl. 1140s

 

Alternative Names

Paucapalea (LC)

 

Biography/Description

A pupil of Gratian and the author of the first commentary on the Decretum, written c.1146–50. Paucapalea also produced a small number of single glosses on Gratian’s work. He is also said to have been responsible for the final arrangement of Pars I and III of the Decretum, which he subdivided into distinctiones. The claim that he was chiefly responsible for the inclusion of paleae has not found general acceptance among the scholars, though it is known that P. was responsible for some of them. Of Paucapalea’s life we know nothing.

 

Text(s)

 
No. 1

Summa decretorum.

 
No. 2

Glossae. Most of them were taken from his Summa, although a few trace back to an earlier stage of Paucapalea’s teaching. For details, see R. Weigand, AKKR 150 (1981) 137–57.

 

Text(s) – Manuscripts

No. 1

Summa decretorum.

 
Manuscript

Admont, Stiftsbibl. 389

 
 

Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat. fol. 462, fol. 91–130

 
 

Cambridge, Univ. Libr. Addit. 3321.2, fol. 1–14 (covering C.13 q.2 c.19 – the end)

 
 

Carpentras, BM 170, fol. 1–36v

 
 

Chartres, BM 169, fol. 69v–75

 
 

Darmstadt, Landesbibl. 1416 (without part I)

 
 

Grenoble, BM 627

 
 

London, BL Royal 11 B. II, fol. 1–46

 
 

Metz, BM 250

 
 

München, BSB Clm 15819

 
 

München, BSB Clm 18467, fol. 70–119

 
 

Paris, Bibl. Arsenal 93, fol. 161–202

 
 

Stuttgart, Würtembergische Landesbibl. Jur. 62, fol. 72–119

 
 

Stuttgart, Würtembergische Landesbibl. Jur. 63, fol. 35–42 (ends at C.3 q.3 c.2)

 
 

Troyes, BM 695, fol. 1–24v

 
 

Wien, ÖNB 570

 
 

Wien, ÖNB 2220

 
 

Worcester, Cath. Libr. Q.70, fol. 97–173

 

Text(s) – Modern Editions

No. 1

Summa decretorum.

 
Modern Editions

Die Summa des Paucapalea über das Decretum Gratiani, ed. J. von Schulte (Giessen 1890). .

 

Literature

J. Viejo-Ximénez, ‘Paucapalea’, in Juristas universales 1.319–23.

P. Landau, ‘Gratian and the Decretum Gratiani’, in The History of Medieval Canon Law in the Classical Period, 1140–1234: From Gratian to the Decretals of Pope Gregory IX, W. Hartmann and K. Pennington, ed. (History of Medieval Canon Law 6; Washington DC 2008) 40, 46–47.

R. Weigand, ‘The Development of the Glossa ordinaria to Gratian’s Decretum’, in The History of Medieval Canon Law in the Classical Period, 1140–1234: From Gratian to the Decretals of Pope Gregory IX, W. Hartmann and K. Pennington, ed. (History of Medieval Canon Law 6; Washington DC 2008) 57–58, 62, 69–71, 96.

K. Pennington, ‘The Decretists: The Italian School’, in The History of Medieval Canon Law in the Classical Period, 1140–1234: From Gratian to the Decretals of Pope Gregory IX, W. Hartmann and K. Pennington, ed. (History of Medieval Canon Law 6; Washington DC 2008) 122, 128–31, 135, 138.

C. Rider, Magic and Impotence in the Middle Ages (Oxford 2006) 62.

L. Kéry, Gottesfurcht und irdische Strafe: Der Beitrag des mittelalterlichen Kirchenrechts zur Entstehung des öffentlichen Strafrechts (Konflikt, Verbrechen und Santion in der Gesellschaft Alteuropas, Symposien und Synthesen 10; Köln 2006) 238, 240, 294, 316, 590.

C. Rider, ‘Between Theology and Popular Practice: Medieval Canonists on Magic and Impotence’, in Boundaries of the Law: Geography, Gender and Jurisdiction in Medieval and Early Modern Europe, A. Musson, ed. (Aldershot 2005) 53–66.

C. Reid, Power over the Body, Equality in the Family: Rights and Domestic Relations in Medieval Canon Law (Emory University Studies in Law and Religion; Grand Rapids 2004) 42, 52, 106, 200–1.

R. Weigand, Die Glossen zum Dekret Gratians: Studien zu den frühen Glossen und Glossenkompositionen (SG 26; Roma 1991) 3.1.

R. Weigand, ‘Frühe Kanonisten und ihre Karriere in der Kirche’, ZRG Kan. Abt., 76 (1990) 136.

T. Lenherr, Die Exkommunikations– und Depositionsgewalt der Häretiker bei Gratian und den Dekretisten bis zur Glossa ordinaria des Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien 3, Kan. Abt. 42; München 1987) 194.

S. Kuttner, ‘Retractationes VII’, in Gratian and the Schools of Law (London 1983) 10.

R. Weigand, ‘Paucapalea und die frühe Kanonistik’, AKKR, 150 (1981) 137–57.

J. Noonan, ‘The True Paucapalea?’, in Proceedings Salamanca (MIC C–6; Città del Vaticano 1980) 157–86.

H. Müller, Der Anteil der Laien an der Bischofswahl: Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Kanonistik von Gratian bis Gregor IX. (Kanonistische Studien und Texte 29; Amsterdam 1977) 35–36.

S. Kuttner, ‘A Forgotten Definition of Justice’, SG, 20 (1976) 79–83.

J. Brundage, ‘Holy War and the Medieval Lawyers’, in The Holy War, T. Murphy, ed. (Columbus 1976) 110. Reprinted in: idem, The Crusades, Holy War and Canon Law (Collected Studies CS 338; Aldershot 1991) no. X.

J. Brundage, Medieval Canon Law and the Crusader (Madison WI 1969) 46.

T. McLaughlin, ‘Paucapalea’, in NCE (1967) 7.111.

R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien 3,. Kan. Abt. 26; München 1967) 140–41.

J. Weitzel, Begriff und Erscheinungsformen der Simonie bei Gratian und den Dekretisten (Münchener Theologische Studien 3, Kan. Abt. 25; München 1967) 58–61.

R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht (Münchener Theologische Studien 3, Kan. Abt. 16; München 1963) 1.101–106.

S. Kuttner, ‘Notes on the Presentation of Text and Apparatus in Editing Works of the Decretists and Decretalists’, Traditio, 15 (1959) 452.

R. Naz, ‘Paucapalea ou Pocapaglia’, in DDC (1957) 6.1268–69.

S. Kuttner, ‘Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus’, Traditio, 1 (1943) 280 n.9.

S. Kuttner, Repertorium 125–27.

J. von Schulte, QL 1.109–114.