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Report No. a369




Alternative Names

Summmula de presumptionibus, Tractatus de praesumptionibus



One of the oldest collections of brocarda, written c.1180 by an anonymous (French?) canonist. It consists of two parts. The first offers a monograph entitled De presumptionibus and elaborates on (or precedes?) the parallel teachings to be found in the Summa of Sicardus of Cremona (on C.6 q.5). Then follows a rather loose series of brocarda on a variety of legal topics. Due to the miscellaneous character of this second part, the manuscripts often include interpolations and other variations. The author of the work also wrote the Notabilia Argumentum quod religiosi.


Entry by: KP rev AL 2015



No. 1



Text(s) – Manuscripts

No. 1



a369Txt1Aschaffenburg, Hof- u. Stiftsbibl. Perg. 26, fol. 197ra–207v, 214va–217vb (The first set of folios contains eight brocarda of part II inserted into a collection of quaestiones)


a369Txt1Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 17, fol. 95v (incomplete)


Barcelona, Arch. Corona Aragón S. Cugat 55, fol. 44r–48v


Cambridge, Pembroke Coll. 101, fol. 61v–68r


a369Txt1Fulda, Landesbibl. D.10, fol. 80r–81v (part II only)


Grenoble, BM 626, fol. 161v–163r


Leipzig, Stadtbibl. 247, fol. 1–10


Madrid, BN 421, fol. 3–24


München, BSB Clm 7622, fol. 47va–52vb


a369Txt1München, BSB Clm 8013, fol. 115v–117v (part I only)


a369Txt1Oxford, Univ. Coll. 117, fol. 145ra–vb (rubrics from part II)


Paris, BN lat. 4720A, fol. 30vb–36v


a369Txt1Paris, BN lat. 14606, fol. 166v–167v (a series of brocarda from part II, including Qui occasionem dampni dat)


Città del Vaticano, BAV Borgh. 287, fol. 1–8v


Città del Vaticano, BAV Pal. lat. 653, fol. 113–117r


Text(s) – Modern Editions

No. 1


Modern Editions

In preparation by R. Motzenbäcker and N. Brieskorn in



S. Kuttner, ‘Retractationes IX’, in Gratian and the Schools of Law (London 1983) 39–40.

H. Van de Wouw, ‘Notes on the Aschaffenburg manuscript Perg. 26’, BMCL, 3 (1973) 98, 100.

P. Weimar, ‘Argumenta Brocardica’, SG, 14 (1967) 91–123.

S. Kuttner, ‘Annual Report’, Traditio, 19 (1963) 511.

J. Gründel, Die Lehre von den Umständen der menschlichen Handlung im Mittelalter (Beiträge zur Geschichte der Philosophie und Theologie des Mittelalters 39.5; Münster 1963) 254–56.

R. Motzenbäcker, Die Rechtsvermutung im kanonischen Recht (München 1958) 93–95.

S. Kuttner, ‘Interim Checklist’, Traditio, 13 (1957) 470.

S. Kuttner, ‘Interim Checklist of Manuscripts’, Traditio, 11 (1955) 447.

S. Kuttner, ‘Réflexions sur les brocards des Glossateurs’, in Mélanges Joseph de Ghellinck (Gembloux 1951) 2.771–76, 787–88.

A. Lang, ‘Zur Entstehungsgeschichte der Brocardasammlungen’, ZRG Kan. Abt., 31 (1942) 106–41.

A. Lang, ‘Rhetorische Einflüsse auf die Behandlung des Prozesses in der Kanonistik des 12. Jahrhunderts’, in Festschrift Eduard Eichmann zum 70. Geburtstag dargebracht, M. Grabmann, ed. (Paderborn 1940) 69–97.

S. Kuttner, Repertorium 241–42.