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Report No. a365

Ordinaturus Magister



Alternative Names



An important apparatus to Gratian’s Decretum which was composed and used in the Bolognese law-school. Ordinaturus magister was the equivalent of the ‘Ordinary gloss’ until it was superseded by the gloss of Johannes Teutonicus (1215). The influence of this apparatus extended to the Glossa Palatina (1210–15) and to Johannes’s gloss itself. Ordinaturus magister was probably not composed by a single author, but rather represents the outcome of a collective effort at the Bolognese schools. Rudolf Weigand has argued that Huguccio and his followers exerted a decisive influence on the first recension (c.1180), and were also largely responsible for its revision towards the close of the 1180s.



No. 1

Ordinaturus Magister.


Text(s) – Manuscripts

No. 1

Ordinaturus Magister.


(It is doubtful that any manuscript contains Ordinaturus magister in a complete form. Rudolf Weigand considered Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 342 as the best representative of the first recension, Munich, Clm 10244 (to be consulted along with a Jena manuscript), as the fullest copy of the second recension. The remaining copies have had more or less of the apparatus erased, as is typical of a text being constantly reshaped. All in all, Weigand associates about 16 manuscripts with the first, and about 5 manuscripts with the second version of Ordinaturus Magister. There are another twenty copies which contain parts of the apparatus. However, Weigand never published a comprehensive list of them.)


First Recension (c.1180)


Arras, BM 500 (first layer of glosses)


Cambrai, BM 646 (first layer of glosses)


Città del Vaticano, BAV Chig. E.VII 206 (contains glosses from both the first and the second recension)


Città del Vaticano, BAV Pal lat. 622


Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2494 (second layer of glosses)


Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 342 (second layer of glosses)


Graz, Universitätsbibl. III.80 (first layer of glosses)


Lilienfeld, Stiftsbibl. 222 (first layer of glosses, from D.50 onwards)


München, BSB Clm 28175 (first layer of glosses)


Paris, Bibl. Mazarine 1287 (first layer of glosses, very fragmentary)


Paris, Bibl. Sainte-Geneviève 342 (first layer of glosses)


Praha, Národní Muz. XVII.A.12


Washington, D.C., Catholic Univ. Libr. 186


Second Recension (late 1180s)


Arras, BM 500 (second/third layer of glosses)


Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 13 (first layer of glosses)


Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 14 (second layer of glosses)


Bernkastel-Kues, Bibl. St. Nikolaus Hospitals 223 (first layer of glosses)


Bratislava, Slovenský Národný Archív 14 (first layer of glosses)


Cambrai, BM 646 (third layer of glosses)


Cividale del Friuli, Mus. Archeologico 96 (third layer of glosses)


Kraków, Bibl. Jagiellońska 357 (second layer of glosses, fairly complete)


Firenze, Bibl. Laurenz. Aedil. Flor. Eccl. 96 (first layer of glosses, fragmentary)


Firenze, Bibl. Laurenz. Plut. 4 (olim S. Croce IV) sin. I (The library currently identifies this manuscript with the Plutei designation, but the literature often refers to it with the S. Croce one.)


Gniezno, Arch. Kap. 28 (third layer of glosses, almost complete in part I of the Decretum)


Hereford, Cath. Libr. P VII 3 (first layer of glosses)


Jena, Thüringer Universitäts- u. Landesbibl. El. fol. 56 (single layer of glosses)


Kremsmünster, Stiftsbibl. 364 (first layer of glosses, fragmentary)


Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. Haenel 18 (first layer of glosses)


Madrid, BN 251 (second layer of glosses)


Melk, Stiftsbibl. 259 (first layer of glosses, fragmentary)


Melk, Stiftsbibl. 261 (first layer of glosses, fragmentary)


Monte Cassino, Bibl. Abbazia 66 (second layer of glosses)


München, BSB Clm 10244 (single layer of glosses, does not cover the latter part of De cons.)


München, BSB Clm 28174 (first layer of glosses, rather incomplete)


München, BSB Clm 27337 (first layer of glosses)


Napoli, BN XII A 5 (first/second layers of glosses, complete from C.27 onwards)


Napoli, BN XII A 9 (first layer of glosses, especially rich for De cons.)


Oxford, Bodleian Libr. Lyell 41


Paris, BN lat. 15393 (first layer of glosses)


Paris, Bibl. Arsenal 677 (third layer of glosses, fragmentary)


Praha, Metropolitní Kapitula I 19 (single layer of glosses)


Reims, BM 676 (third layer of glosses)


Roma, Bibl. Angelica 1270 (third layer of glosses)


Salzburg, Bibl. Erzabtei St. Peter a.XII.9 (first layer of glosses, especially rich in part I)


Toledo, Arch. Cap. 4.5 (first layer of glosses, beginning at C.15)


Vendôme, BM 88 (first layer of glosses)


Città del Vaticano, BAV Pal. lat. 625 (second layer of glosses, fragmentary)


Città del Vaticano, BAV Ross. 595 (first layer of glosses)


Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibl. Helmst. 33 (second layer of glosses, with a revised version of the Ordinaturus for C.1–C.26; the pure version appears from C.27 onwards)


Text(s) – Modern Editions

No. 1

Ordinaturus Magister.

Modern Editions

None, although in his several books and articles, Rudolf Weigand has published extensive excerpts (see below)..



R. Weigand, Die Glossen zum Dekret Gratians: Studien zu den frühen Glossen und Glossenkompositionen (SG 25; Roma 1991) ch.9.

R. Weigand, ‘Die anglo-normannische Kanonistik in den letzten Jahrzehnten des 12. Jarhhunderts’, in Proceedings Cambridge (MIC C–8; Città del Vaticano 1988) 249–63.

R. Weigand, ‘Die Glossen des Johannes Faventinus zur Causa 1 des Dekrets und ihr Vorkommen in späteren Glossenapparaten’, AKKR, 157 (1988) 73–107.

T. Lenherr, Die Exkommunikations– und Depositionsgewalt der Häretiker bei Gratian und den Dekretisten bis zur Glossa ordinaria des Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien 3, Kan. Abt. 42; München 1987) 238–41.

R. Weigand, ‘Frühe Glossenkompositionen zum Dekret Gratians und der Apparat “Ordinaturus Magister”’, in Proceedings Berkeley (MIC C–7; Città del Vaticano 1985) 29–39.

R. Weigand, ‘Huguccio und der Glossenapparat Ordinaturus Magister’, AKKR, 154 (1985) 490–520.

R. Weigand, ‘Frühe Glossen zu D.11 pr. – c.6 des Dekrets Gratians’, ZRG Kan. Abt., 64 (1978) 73–94.

R. Weigand, ‘Zur Handschriftenliste des Glossenapparats “Ordinaturus Magister”’, BMCL, 8 (1978) 41–47.

R. Weigand, ‘Gandulphusglossen zum Dekret Gratians’, BMCL, 7 (1977) 15–48.

H. Müller, Der Anteil der Laien an der Bischofswahl: Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Kanonistik von Gratian bis Gregor IX. (Kanonistische Studien und Texte 29; Amsterdam 1977) 93–108.

R. Weigand, ‘Bazianus- und B.-Glossen zum Dekret Gratians’, in Melanges Gerard Fransen (SG 20; Roma 1976) 2.453–96.

R. Weigand, ‘Frühe Glossen zu D.12 cc.1–6 des Dekrets Gratians’, BMCL, 5 (1975) 35–51.

R. Weigand, ‘Die Glossen des Cardinalis (Magister Hubald?) zum Dekret Gratians, besonders zu C.27 q.2’, BMCL, 3 (1973) 73–95.

F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milano 1971) 105–114.

R. Weigand, ‘Der erste Glossenapparat zum Dekret: “Ordinaturus Magister”’, BMCL, 1 (1971) 31–41.

R. Weigand, ‘Welcher Glossenapparat zum Dekret ist der erste?’, AKKR, 139 (1970) 459–81.

S. Kuttner, ‘Apparat au Décret de Gratien “Ordinaturus”: source de la “Summa decretorum” de Huguccio’, in Collectanea Stephan Kuttner (SG 12; Roma 1967) 2.143–64.

A. Stickler, ‘Zur Entstehungsgeschichte und Verbreitung des Dekretapparats “Ordinaturus Magister Gratianus”’, in Collectanea Stephan Kuttner (SG 12; Roma 1967) 2.111–41.

R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien 3, Kan. Abt. 26; München 1967) 415–16, 467–68, and passim.

J. Kejr, ‘La genèse de l’apparat “Ordinaturus” au Décret de Gratien’, in Proceedings Boston (MIC C–1; Città del Vaticano 1965) 45–53.