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Report No. r560

Stephanus Auffrerius

1458–1511

 

Alternative Names

Aufrerius; Étienne Aufréri; Aufrère; d’Aufrère

 

Biography/Description

S.’s vernacular surname is frequently given as Aufrère or d’Aufrère, but Aufréri would seem to be correct. Professor of canon law at the university of Toulouse, official of the archbishop of Toulouse, and ultimately a member of the parlement of Toulouse, he is known for an edition of a collection of decisions from the archiepiscopal court of Toulouse and for greatly expanding a 14th-century work on the styles of the parlements. The collection of decisions is an important work, because it is one of the relatively few volumes of canonical case reports other than those of the Roman Rota. S. also wrote an extensive repetitio with additions on the topic of secular and ecclesiastical power and two shorter treatises on procedure, all of which were printed in the 16th century and beyond.

 

Text(s)

 
No. 1

Decisiones capellae Tholosanae, before 1503. The decisions were originally compiled by Johannes Corserius (Jean Corsier), who was the official of the court from 1392 to 1400. (See the learned note on the website called Tolosana of the university of Toulouse.) They were annotated and completed by S. and published, probably beginning in 1503, and reprinted with additions many times thereafter. In the absence of work with the manuscripts, it is a bit difficult to figure out who did what. The work is divided into 500 questions that were posed to the court with the answers that the court gave and brief citations of authorities. This is followed by much more extensive citations of authority and discussion, in smaller type in the 1508 and 1512 editions. (The 1503 edition edition was not available to us when we compiled this.) We have not examined all of the questions, but the matter in larger type looks as if, for the most part, it could date from the time of Johannes Corserius. The elaboration in smaller type cites many authorities that postdate Johannes. That would suggest, as a general matter, that Johannes is author of the material in larger type and S. the author of the material in smaller type. S. also says in the introduction that he added questions that had arisen at the time when he was official of Toulouse. We have so far not figured out if there is any way to distinguish those questions. They may be the ones that appear as additions in larger type under the same number. The title page of the 1512 (but not that of the 1508 edition) suggests that the work contains one or more decisions of the parlement of Toulouse. The only reference that we have been able to find to the parlement is on fol. 87rb of the 1512 edition, where S. mentions in passing that the parlement has the authority to pass statutes, but they have to be approved by the king. The colophons of the 1508 and the 1512 editions (and, if we may rely on library catalogues, also that of 1503) say that there were additions made by one Johannes de Gradibus, a professor of both laws. We rather suspect that these additions are what can be found in the margins of the these editions.

 
No. 2

Stilus supreme curie Parlamenti parisiensis atque tholosani, before 1511. The style of the parlement of Paris is attributed to one Guillermus de Brolio (Guillaume du Breuil), an advocate of the parlement, whose death date is usually given as ?1344. S. reworked G.’s treatise and added material specific to the parlement of Toulouse. The work was reprinted several times in the 16th century, normally with works by other authors. At the same time as he was reworking G.’s treatise, S. probably composed a Tractatus de forma arrestorum, also a reworking of an earlier work, which S. made to correspond to the practice of the chamber of inquests of the parlement of Toulouse. This work is normally included in early printed editions of the Stilus. Those editions also normally include a collection of decisions of parlements of Paris and Toulouse. All but one of the ones from Toulouse antedate S.’s tenure as a parlementaire of Toulouse, but he is probably responsible for their preservation. Finally various editions of the Stilus also include a collection of ordinances of the kings of France. This collection has also been attributed to S. These works have been the subject of a considerable amount of recent literature. They are, however, in a somewhat different genre from those with which we are principally concerned. We have, however, attempted to include the relevant recent literature below, some of which also bears on S.’s biography.

 
No. 3

Repetitio in Clem. 1.9.1, 1486. S.’s repetitio on Clem. 1.9.1 (De officio iudicis ordinarii, Ut clericorum) is a substantial work, taking up some 20 folios in the early printed editions. The decretal deals with the obligation of bishops to punish the crimes of clerics. It provided an occasion for S. to consider the general relationship between secular and ecclesiastical power, a topic that remained of considerable interest for centuries. The publication history of the work is extensive. So far as we can tell, the work was first published in a collection of canonical repetitiones published in Paris in 1508. It thus may be the only academic work of S.’s that appeared in print in his lifetime. It also is the first work to appear in the Opuscula aurea, a collection of S.’s works that was published in Lyon, in 1512, the year after his death. The incipits of both texts tell us that the repetitio was given on 28 November 1486, an attribution that we have no reason to doubt. While the incipits and explicits of the two texts match, it is possible that the second is somewhat abbreviated. Despite the smaller format to the second work, the text takes up less space. Clearly, any serious study of work should use the editio princeps, which is available online.

 
No. 4

De potestate secularium super ecclesiis ac personis et rebus ecclesiasticis et de potestae ecclesie super laicis ac personis et rebus eorum, before 1511. Following the edition of S.’s repetitio on Clem. 1.9.1 in the Opuscula aurea is a work called Additio ad repetitionem clementine supra repetite. It probably represents S.’s fulfillment of the promise that he made in the last paragraph of the repetitio that he would have more to say on the topic. It is also a substantial work, 15 folios in the editio princeps. The work is more treatise-like than the repetitio. It is described on the title page of the Opuscula aurea as Additio ad dictam repetitionem continens duas rubricas, prima de potestate secularium super ecclesiis ac personis et rebus ecclesiasticis, secunda de potestae ecclesie super laicis ac personis et rebus eorum. This work was reprinted with the repetitio in most of the subsequent reprints that we have seen, usually under some form of the two ‘rubrics’.

 
No. 5

Tractatus de recusatione, before 1511. Following the edition of S.’s Additio ad repetitionem clementine supra repetite in the Opuscula aurea is a shorter work called Tractatus de recusatione or recusationibus. Typical of the shorter procedural treatises that we find throughout the Middle Ages, the heart of this one consists of 93 grounds for recusal that S. was able to find in the authorities. This list is embedded in a discussion in the procedure to be followed by a party who is attempting to recuse a judge. The treatise appears in all the editions of the Opuscula aurea and also appears independently in various collections of short treatises.

 
No. 6

De testium reprobationibus, before 1511. The final work in the Opuscula aurea is S.’s De testium reprobationibus. Unlike his treatise De recusatione, which has relatively few counterparts, this was a topic about which many authors had written. What distinguishes S.’s treatment is that it is arranged in alphabetical order from Abbas to Uxor, and hence is clearly designed as a kind of vade mecum for the lawyer who wanted to look up possible grounds for the reprover of witnesses.

 

Text(s) – Manuscripts

No. 1

Decisiones capellae Tholosanae, before 1503.

 
Manuscript

Paris, BN latin 3353, fol. 133–194 (Ends at Q. 443, which corresponds to Q. 429 or 430 in the printed editions. [This list of manuscripts is derived from Gazzaniga (‘Décisions’ 323–324, and accompanying notes).])

 
 

Paris, Bibl. Sainte-Geneviève 1649, fol. 2–103 (ends, it would seem, with Q. 378 or 379 of the printed editions)

 
 

Toulouse, BM 377, fol. 110–154 (End of 15th, beginning of 16th c. Not complete, contains 446 questions of the the 500 or 501 of the printed editions. [Arabeyre (Dictionnaire) says that there are two other manuscripts but does not give the references.])

 
No. 2

Stilus supreme curie Parlamenti parisiensis atque tholosani, before 1511.

 
Manuscript

Paris, BN latin 4644 (described in Arabeyre, ‘Projet’, esp. at 308–309, with copious references to previous literature)

 

Text(s) – Early Printed Editions

No. 1

Decisiones capellae Tholosanae, before 1503.

 
Early Printed Editions

Decisiones capelle sedis archiepiscopalis Tholose una cum additionibus additis per egregium virum dominū Stephanum Auffrerij . . . ac per eum correpte vigili cura: incipiunt feliciter. Postremoq[ue] iterum diligenter limate ac nouis additionib[us] decorate nouiter additis. Jacobus Saccon: Lyon 1503. This edition is in Baudrier 12.317–318. Aubert (BEC) mentions it and cites Cabié for it. Cabié, however, does not mention it. The edition does exist. A number of holdings of it may be found in WorldCat.

 
 

Decisiones capelle sedis archiepiscopalis Tholose vna cum additionibus additis per egregium virum dominū Stephanum Auffrerij . . . ac per eum correpte vigili cura: incipiunt feliciter. Postremoq[ue] iterum diligenter limate ac nouis additionib[us] decorate nouiter additis. Lyon 1508. Some copies, it would seem, were printed by Johannes de Vingle and others by Franciscus Fredin, but both were sold by the Lyon bookseller Stephanus Gueynard.

 
 

Decisiones capelle sedis archiepiscopalis Tholose (a Joanne Corserio collectae), una cum additionibus additis per egregium virum dominum Stephanum Auffrerii, . . . incipiunt feliciter postremoque iterum diligenter limate ac novis additionibus decorate, noviter additis decisio. Parlamenti Tholosani. [Colophon:] Expliciunt decisiones capelle venerabilis curie archiepiscopalis Tholose, una cum additionibus et repertorio noviter editis . . . additis novis additionibus per egregium virum magistrum Joannem de gradibus utriusque iuris professorem diligentique cura imprese Lugduni per Jacobum myt impressorie artis magistrum. Anno dni. Mcccccxij die vero xvij mensis ianuarij. Jacobus Myt: Lyon 1512. The online copy from the university of Toulouse is a PDF and is said, mistakenly, to be the first edition.

 
 

Decisiones capelle tholosane: decisiones materiarum quotidianarum et que quotidie in practica obveniunt in capella sedis archiepiscopalis Tholose decise. Lyon 1516

 
 

Decisiones capellae Tholosanae. Lyon 1522

 
 

Decisiones Capelle Tholosane. Decisiones materiarum quotidiana[rum] [et] que quotidie in practica obueniu[n]t in capella sedis archiepiscopalis Tholose decise. quib[us] vltra additiones . . . Stephani auffrerij . . . ac alias p[er]nouiter manus p[rae]positio[n]e signatas [con]cordate sunt cu[m] decisio[n]ib[us] Rote [et] p[ar]lame[n]ti dalphinalis. Repertoriu[m] alphabeticu[m] nuperrime additum est. cum additionib[us] nouis nu[n]qua[m] hactenus impressis . . . . Gulielmus Boulle, Johannes Crespin: Lyon 1527

 
 

Decisiones capellae Tholosanae. Lyon 1531

 
 

Decisiones capellae Tholosanae. Lyon 1538

 
 

Decisiones Capellae Tholosanae per Ioannem Corserivm: archiepiscopalis ibidem sedis qvondam officialem primum collectae, postea vero per Stephanum Auffrerium . . . eiusdem sedis officialem non solum repurgatae, verum etiam vtilissimis additionibvs illustratae, ac multis insuper nouis Decisionibus locupletatae. Quibus accesserunt etiam novae Additionibus. Sigismundus Feyrabend: Frankfurt 1575. By far the most widely held edition. At least three copies are available online.

 
 

Decisiones capellae Tholosanae et S. regii consilii Cathaloniae : quarum hae a Ludovico a Peguera, . . . illae vero a Joan. Corserio, . . . collectae, et a Stephano Auffrerio, . . . additionibus . . . adauctae sunt . . . . Rulandii, Wolfgangus Richter: Frankfurt 1614. As will be noted from the title this edition combines the Toulouse decisions with a collection of decisions from the royal council of Catalonia by Ludovicus a Peguera (Luys de Peguera). There are a number of copies online.

 
No. 2

Stilus supreme curie Parlamenti parisiensis atque tholosani, before 1511.

 
Early Printed Editions

Stilus Parlamenti arrestorum, processuum et ordinationum regiarum. Singularissimum et practicis omnibus non modo utile immo et perquam necessarium volumen infrascripta septem in quas dividitur partes complectens: Prima pars parlamenteum stilum enodat cum magnifici domini StephaniAufrerii in suprema Tholosana curia, dum viveret, requestarum presidis additionibus [fol. 3–86v]. Secunda requestarum stilum elucidat [fol. 86vo-95r]. Abbreviatis instructionibus Tertia parlamenteum stilum monstrat [fol. 95r-98v]. Arresta diversa [278 arresta] sacrorum Parrisiensis et Tholosani senatuum Quarta que ad multas conducunt materias in medium profert, ac in fine cujuslibet arresti remissionibus ubi materia illius tractetur [fol. 98v-127r]. Quinta superaddit qualiter in omnes arresta componantur materias [fol. 127r-141v]. Commissarios instruit Sexta ut processus coram eis factos et sententias dictabunt [fol. 141v-149v]. Septima tandem (que et finalis est) varias summatim christianissimorum Francie regum sacrorumque senatuum ordinationes in sese complectitur [fol. 150r-226r]. ?Simon Vincent: s.l. [?Lyon] s.d. [?1513 X 1516]. A detailed bibliography of all the editions of the Stilus as edited by S. and published prior to 1551 may be found in Arabeyre, ‘Premier recueil’ at 419–425. Our list can therefore be selective. This one is available online, and is, in many ways, the most puzzling. It contains all the contents of Arabeyre’s first edition (the seven listed above): Simon Vincent, Lyon 1513/14, with the addition of the Titulus statuti querele de novis dissaisinis of Johannes de Balagnerio (Jean Valaguier, lst third of the 15th c.), interpolated between fol. 52v and 65r, and an anonymous short tract De alta, media et bassa jurisdictione, fol. 78r. The title page has a crude version of mark of Simon Vincent, and there is a much better version of it at the end, where, however, we find the initials ‘P. V.’ in the banner rather than expected ‘S. V.’. This may indicate that the printing was done by the Paris printer Pierre Vidoue, who was also involved in the edition of 1525 (Arabeyre’s third edition). We have also seen records that seem to indicate a publication in Rouen in 1513 with the printer/editor not given. A Stilus parlamenti was published by Guillaume Eustace in Paris in 1512, but there is no indication that that version contained the additions of S.

 
 

Stilus supreme curie parlamenti parisiensis [a Guillelmo de Brolio (Guillaume Du Breuil) conscriptus], cum additionibus domini Stephani Aufrerii, . . . Stilus curie parlamenti tholosani. Galliot Du Pré, Louis Grandin: Paris 1542. Arabeyre’s fifth edition, and last before 1551. Many copies available, at least three of which are online. The title page given here lists only a two of a number of items.

 
 

Stilus supremae Curiae Parlamenti Parisiensis : nuper è suo prototypo, & antiquis Regestis eiusdem Curiae de verbo ad verbum transsumptus : cum nouis annotationibus Do. Caroli Molinaei [Charles Du Moulin]. Galliotus Pratensis: Paris 1551

 
 

Stilus supremae curiae parlamenti parisiensis [a Guillelmo de Brolio conscriptus], nuper e suo prototypo. . . transsumptus, cum novis annotationibus Do. Caroli Molinaei, . . . et antiquis additionibus Do. Stephani Auffrerii. Galliotus a Prato: Paris 1558. This edition is said to contain 74 judgments of the parlement of Toulouse.

 
No. 3

Repetitio in Clem. 1.9.1, 1486.

 
Early Printed Editions

Electissime ac exuperantissime pluriumque fructuum feraces repetitiones excellentiorum totius Iuris Canonici capitulorum: Repetitio cle. ut clericorum de offi. ord. in cle. facta in presenti studio tholosano Anno domini 1486 In vigilia beati saturnini. Poncetus le Preux: [Paris] [1508], fol. 77ra (digital foliation 81r) – 96va (digital foliation 110v). The volume also contains repetitiones of 11 other fourteenth- and fiteenth-century canonists.

 
 

Opuscula aurea edita per eximium virum Stephanum auffreri vtriusque iuris professorem eminentissimum in suprema parlamenti tholose curia presidentem inquestarum: Repetitio cle. prime de offi. ordi. Petrus Anthoni decretorum doctor officialis Lucionensis, Joannes Moelim alias de Cambray: Lyon 1512, fol. 3ra – 20ra. Petrus Antoni (?Pierre Antoine), the official of Luçon [dép Vendée], describes himself as inter iurium doctores Tholosanos minimus in his dedicatory epistle to Antoine Duprat, the first president of the parliament of Paris, and later to become chancellor of France, archbishop of Sens, and a cardinal of the Roman church. According to the epistle both men came from Issoire (yciodorensis) (dép Puy-de-Dome) in the Auvergne. P. was probably a student of S.’s at Toulouse, and editing the unpublished works of his recently-deceased master may have been an act of pietas. He did a good job. The Opuscula aurea contains all of S.’s known works on the ius commune, and seems to have been the source of most of reprintings of them. The fact that the Opuscula aurea also contains a dedicatory epistle to Duprat written the name of S., seems to have led Arabeyre (Dictionnaire) to posit that there was an earlier edition of the Opuscula in 1508. We have, however, not been able to find any evidence of such an edition, and the dedidicatory epistle could have been written for the Paris edition of the repetitio and then not included in it or for a planned edition of a work or works that did not got published until after S.’s death.

 
 

Opuscula aurea (see above). Johannes Petit: [Paris] 1514

 
 

Opuscula aurea (see above). [J. Sacon]: [Lyon] 1515

 
 

Repetitiones diversorum doctorum in jure canonico videlicet super pluribus capitulis decretorum decretalium et Clementinarum una cum repertorio seu tabula Hieronymi de Marliano nuperrime edita: Repetitio cle. ut clericorum de offi. ord. in cle. facta in presenti studio tholosano Anno domini 1486 In vigilia beati saturnini. Joannes-Angelus Scinzenzeler: Milano 1519, fol. 186rb – 196rb. This would seem to have been derived from the Paris ed. of 1508 rather than from the Opuscula aurea. We have seen catalogue entries of this item dated as early as 1513, but the online version is clearly 1519.

 
 

Opusculorum avidissimus cumulus (=Opuscula aurea; see above). Benedictus Bonnyn: Lyon 1533

 
 

Repetitio Clem. 1 ut clericorum de officio ordinarii. Henricus Falkenburg: Köln 1597. Also includes Text 4. Many libraries report holding copies of this edition.

 
 

Repetitio Clem. 1. ut clericorum de officio ordinarii. Lambertus Thonon: Liège 1702. Also includes Text 4.

 
No. 4

De potestate secularium super ecclesiis ac personis et rebus ecclesiasticis et de potestae ecclesie super laicis ac personis et rebus eorum, before 1511.

 
Early Printed Editions

Opuscula aurea (see above Text 3): De potestate secularium super ecclesiis ac personis et rebus ecclesiasticis et de potestae ecclesie super laicis ac personis et rebus eorum. Lyon 1512, fol. 20ra – 45vb. The De potestate appears in all of the editions of the Opuscula aurea (above, Text 3) and in all of the separate editions of the repetitio on Clem. 1.9.1, except for Paris 1508 and Milano 1513, 1519. What follows reports only those editions in which it appears independent of the repetitio.

 
 

Tractatus ex variis iuris interpretibus: Tractatus celebris de potestate sæcularium super ecclesiis & personis ecclesiasticis. Lyon 1549, 14.390va – 401rb

 
 

Tractatus ex variis iuris interpretibus: Tractatus pulcherimus de potestate Ecclesiae super laicis & rebus eorum, ac praerogativis ecclesiae. Lyon 1549, 14.401va – 405vb

 
 

Tractatus universi iuris: Tractatus celebris de potestate sæcularium super ecclesiis & personis ecclesiasticis. F. Ziletti: Venezia 1584, 16.286rb – 297ra

 
 

Tractatus universi iuris: Tractatus pulcherimus de potestate Ecclesiae super laicis & rebus eorum, ac praerogativis ecclesiae. F. Ziletti: Venezia 1584, 16.297ra – 301rb

 
No. 5

Tractatus de recusatione, before 1511.

 
Early Printed Editions

Opuscula aurea (see above Text 3): Tractatus de recusatione. Lyon 1512, fol. 45vb – 50vb. The De recusatione appears in all of the editions of the Opuscula aurea (above, Text 3). What follows reports only those editions in which it appears independent of the Opuscula aurea.

 
 

Tractatus ex variis iuris interpretibus: Tractatus practicis multum necessarius de recusatione. Lyon 1549, 4.66ra – 69rb

 
 

Tractatus universi iuris: Tractatus de recusatione. F. Ziletti: Venezia 1584, 3.1.355va – 359ra

 
 

Tractatus de protestationibus trium clariss. iurisconsultorum Constantii Roggerii, Martini de Ve & Ioan. de Agusellis; De exceptionibus Nepotis de Monte Albano; De recusationibus Stephani Aufrerii. Ioannes Gymnicus: Köln 1589

 
 

Repetitio Clem. 1. ut clericorum de officio ordinarii: Tractatus de recusatione. Henricus Falkenburg: Köln 1597. For the volume, see above Text 3. It also includes a tract Quibus casibus secularis judex manus in clericum injiciat by Bernardus Laurencius, but apparently does not include S.’s tract De testium reprobationibus.

 
 

Repetitio Clem. 1. ut clericorum de officio ordinarii: Tractatus de recusatione. Lambertus Thonon: Liège 1702. For the volume, see above Text 3. It appears to be reprint of Köln 1597.

 
No. 6

De testium reprobationibus, before 1511.

 
Early Printed Editions

Opuscula aurea (see above Text 3): De testium reprobationibus. Lyon 1512, fol. 51ra – 62ra. The De testium reprobationibus appears in all of the editions of the Opuscula aurea (above, Text 3). What follows reports only those editions in which it appears independent of the Opuscula aurea.

 
 

Tractatus ex variis iuris interpretibus: Tractatus optimus de testibus et eorum reprobatione. Lyon 1549, 5.237ra–243vb

 
 

Tractatus de testibus probandis uel reprobandis uariorum authorum: Tractatus optimus de testibus et eorum reprobatione. I. B. Ziletti, Georgius de Caballis: Venezia 1569, fol. 247 – 283. Reprinted in 1574 Apud Iacobum Vitalem.

 
 

Tractatus de testibus probandis vel reprobandis. Johannes Gymnicus: Köln 1575

 
 

Tractatus universi iuris: De testibus. F. Ziletti: Venezia 1584, 4.140ra–147ra

 

Text(s) – Modern Editions

No. 2

Stilus supreme curie Parlamenti parisiensis atque tholosani.

 
Modern Editions

‘Jurisprudence du parlement’, ed. J.–L. Gazzaniga, Annales de l’Université des sciences sociales de Toulouse 19 (1971) 321-404. (Critical edition of both the Latin and French texts of 75 arrêts based [in the absence of manuscripts] on three 16th-century printed texts.).

 
 

Guillaume Du Breuil: Stilus curie parlamenti, ed. F. Aubert (Collection de textes pour servir à l’étude et à l’enseignement de l’histoire; Paris 1909). .

 

Literature

P. Arabeyre, ‘Le premier recueil méthodique d’ordonnances royales françaises : le Tractatus ordinationum regiarum d’Étienne Aufréri (fin XVe - début du XVIe siècle)’, TRG (2011) 391–453.

P. Arabeyre, ‘Mémoire judiciaire du parlement de Toulouse: Le projet de Corpus parlamentum d’Étienne Aufréri (fin du XVe siècle)’, Une histoire de la mémoire judiciaire, O. Poncet and I. Storez-Brancourt, ed. (Études et rencontres de l’École des chartes; Paris 2009) 305–318.

P. Arabeyre, ‘Aufréri, Étienne’, in Dictionnaire historique des juristes français: XIIe-XXe siècle, P. Arabeyre, J.-L. Halpérin, and J. Krynen, ed. (Paris 2007) 24–25.

P. Arabeyre, Les idées politiques à Toulouse à la veille de la Réforme, Recherches autour de l’œuvre de Guillaume Benoît (1455-1516) (Études d’histoire du droit et des idées politiques, 7; Toulouse 2003) 126–131.

J.–L. Gazzaniga, ‘Droit et pratique: notes sur les Décisions de la Chapelle toulousaine’, in L’Eglise et le droit dans le Midi (XIIIe-XIVe s.), J.–L. Biget, ed. (Cahiers de Fanjeaux, 29; Toulouse 1994) 321–337.

J.–L. Gazzaniga, ‘Jurisprudence du parlement de Toulouse au XVe siècle, étude d’une collection d’arrêts’, Annales de l’Université des sciences sociales de Toulouse 19 (1971) 295–404. Reprinted in: idem, L’Église de France à la fin du Moyen Age, Pouvoirs et institutions (Goldbach 1995) 297–409.

P. Ourliac and H. Gilles, La période post-classique (1378-1500): La problematique de l’époque, les sources (Histoire du droit et des institutions de l’Église en Occident, 13.1; Paris 1971) 129–130.

F. Aubert, ‘Les sources de la procédure au Parlement au XIVe siècle’, BEC 77 (1916) 218–226.

Guillaume Du Breuil: Stilus curie parlamenti, publié avec une introduction et des notes ed. F. Aubert, (Collection de textes pour servir à l’étude et a l’enseignement de l’histoire; Paris 1909).

E. Cabié, ‘Quelques corrections et additions à la Biographie toulousaine’, Mémoires de l’Académie des sciences, inscriptions, et belles-lettres de Toulouse 8e série, 9 (1887) 393–397.