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Bio-Bibliographical Guide to Medieval and Early Modern Jurists

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Report No. r377

Johannes de Turrecremata

1388–1468

 

Alternative Names

Torquemada; Juan de (LC); Joannes de Turrecremata; Johannes de Turre Cremata; Joannes de Turre Cremata; Juan de Torquemada; Johannes Hispanus de Turrecremata; Jean de Torquemada; Johann von Brandenturn

 

Biography/Description

A Dominican born at Valladolid in 1388, Johannes was the foremost defender of the papal monarchy against the conciliarist movement. Originally trained as a theologian at Salamanca and Paris in the 1420’s, he transferred to the papal curia in 1431 and the involvement in the political struggles soon led him to study the sources of canon law. The principal outcome was his commentary on Gratian’s Decretum, finished in 1464. He became cardinal in 1439 and died at Rome in 1468.

 

Text(s)

 
No. 1

Apparatus super decretum Florentinum unionis Graecorum.

 
No. 2

Commentaria super Decreto.

 
No. 3

Nova compilatio Decreti.

 
No. 4

Questiones.

 
No. 4a

Questio de dercreto irritante quod attentabatur Basileae contra summum pontificem in materia provisionum et collationum beneficiorum.

 
No. 4b

An papa debeat iurare servare decreta de conciliis generalibus continuandis et electionibus confirmandis.

 
No. 4c

An liceat appellare a concilio ad papam.

 
No. 5

Summa de ecclesia.

 
No. 6

Expositio regulae S. Benedicti.

 

Text(s) – Early Printed Editions

No. 1

Apparatus super decretum Florentinum unionis Graecorum.

 
Early Printed Editions

Apparatus super decretum Florentinum unionis Graecorum. Venezia, 1561.

 
 

Apparatus super decretum Florentinum unionis Graecorum. Roma: J. Fontanini, 1726.

 
No. 2

Commentaria super Decreto.

 
Early Printed Editions

Commentaria super Decreto. Lyon, 1516.

 
 

Commentaria super Decreto. Lyon, 1519.

 
 

Commentaria super Decreto. Venezia, 1524.

 
 

Commentaria super Decreto. Roma, 1524.

 
 

Commentaria super Decreto. Lyon, 1555.

 
 

Commentaria super Decreto. Venezia, 1578.

 
No. 4a

Questio de dercreto irritante quod attentabatur Basileae contra summum pontificem in materia provisionum et collationum beneficiorum.

 
Early Printed Editions

Questio de dercreto irritante quod attentabatur Basileae contra summum pontificem in materia provisionum et collationum beneficiorum. Venezia, 1563.

 
 

Sacrorum conciliorum collectio. Venezia: J. Mansi, 1792, 30.550-90.

 
No. 4b

An papa debeat iurare servare decreta de conciliis generalibus continuandis et electionibus confirmandis.

 
Early Printed Editions

Sacrorum conciliorum collectio. Venezia: J. Mansi, 1792, 30.599-606.

 
No. 4c

An liceat appellare a concilio ad papam.

 
Early Printed Editions

Sacrorum conciliorum collectio. Venezia: J. Mansi, 1792, 30.1072-93.

 
No. 5

Summa de ecclesia.

 
Early Printed Editions

Summa de ecclesia. Köln, 1480.

 
 

Summa de ecclesia. Roma, 1489.

 
 

Summa de ecclesia. Lyon, 1495.

 
 

Summa de ecclesia. Lyon, 1496.

 
 

Summa de ecclesia. Salamanca, 1560.

 
 

Summa de ecclesia. Venezia, 1561.

 
No. 6

Expositio regulae S. Benedicti.

 
Early Printed Editions

Expositio regulae S. Benedicti. Paris, 1491.

 
 

Expositio regulae S. Benedicti. Venezia, 1500.

 
 

Expositio regulae S. Benedicti. Rouen, 1510.

 
 

Expositio regulae S. Benedicti. Paris, 1514.

 
 

Expositio regulae S. Benedicti. Köln, 1575.

 

Text(s) – Modern Editions

No. 1

Apparatus super decretum Florentinum unionis Graecorum.

 
Modern Editions

Ed. E. Candal in Concilium Florentinum, documenta et scriptores, Ser. B, v.2, fasc.1 (Roma 1942).

 
No. 5

Summa de ecclesia.

 
Modern Editions

Translated in , ed. T. Izbicki A Disputation on the Authority of Pope and Council (Dominican Sources: New editions in English 4; Oxford 1988).

 

Literature

T. Izbicki, ‘Tarring Conciliarism with the Brush of Heresy: Juan de Torquemada’s Summa de ecclesia’, in Religion, Power, and Resistance from the Eleventh to the Sixteenth Centuries: Playing the Heresy Card, K. Bollerman, T. Izbicki, and C. Nederman, ed. (The New Middle Ages; New York 2014) 139–152.

D. Quaglioni, ‘ La congiura dei canonisti: Conjuratio e conspiratio nel commento al Decretum di Juan de Torquemada (1457)’, in Congiure e conflitti: L’affermazione della signoria pontificia su Roma nel Rinascimento: politica, economica e cultura, M. Chiabo, M. Gargano, A. Modigliani, and P. Osmond, ed. (Inedita Saggi; Roma 2014) 21–38.

T. Izbicki, ‘Defending a Conservative View on Witches: Juan de Torquemada on c. Episcopi [C.26 q.5 c.12]’, Law as Profession and Practice in Medieval Europe:Essays in Honor of James A. Brundage, K. Pennington and M. Eichbauer, ed. (Ashgate 2011) 27–40.

S. Caballero Escamilla, ‘Fray Tomás de Torquemada, iconógrafo y promotor de las artes’, Archivo español de arte, 82 (2009) 19–34.

G. Alberigo, ‘The conciliar church’, The Church, the Councils, and Reform: The Legacy of the Fifteenth Century, G. Christianson and T. Izbicki, ed. (Washington DC 2008) 271–290.

T. Izbicki, ‘The sins of the clergy in Juan de Torquemada’s Defense of the Revelations of Saint Birgitta’, Reform, Ecclesiology, and the Christian Life in the Late Middle Ages (Variorum Collected Studies Series, 893; Aldershot 2008) 249–262.

T. Izbicki, ‘The Immaculate Conception and ecclesiastical politics from the Council of Basel to the Council of Trent: the Dominicans and their foes’, Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte, 96 (2005) 145–170. Reprinted in: idem, Reform, Ecclesiology, and the Christian Life in the Late Middle Ages (Variorum Collected Studies Series, 893; Aldershot 2008) no. IV.

U. Horst, ‘Kardinal Juan de Torquemada OP und die Lehrautorität des Papstes’, Annuarium historiae conciliorum, 36 (2004) 389–422.

T. Izbicki, ‘A papalist reading of Gratian: Juan de Torquemada on c. Quodcunque [C.24 q.1 c.6]’, Proceedings Syracuse (MIC C–11; Città del Vaticano 2001) 603–634. Reprinted in: idem, Reform, Ecclesiology, and the Christian Life in the Late Middle Ages (Variorum Collected Studies Series, 893; Aldershot 2008) no. V.

T. Izbicki, ‘Juan de Torquemada’s defense of the conversos’, CHR, 85 (1999) 195–207. Reprinted in: idem, Reform, Ecclesiology, and the Christian Life in the Late Middle Ages (Variorum Collected Studies Series, 893; Aldershot 2008) no. XII.

A. Rubio Vela, ‘Valencia y Torquemada: en torno a los comienzos de la Inquisición española (1482–1489)’, Boletín de la Sociedad Castellonense de Cultura, 74 (1998) 77–139.

M. Grüttner, ‘Die Vertreibung der spanischen Juden 1492’, Geschichte in Wissenschaft und Unterricht, 47 (1996) 166–188.

R. Hernańdez, ‘El poder en Juan de Torquemada’, Ciencia tomista, 122 (1995) 43–83.

P. Huerga Criado, ‘Fernando II y Torquemada’, Fernando II de Aragón, el Rey Católico, M. Ladero Quesada, ed. (Zaragoza 1995) 61–72.

T. Izbicki, ‘Dominican papalism and the arts in fifteenth–century Rome’, Iberia and the Mediterranean World of the Middle Ages, I: Studies in Honor of Robert I. Burns S.J., L. Simon, ed. (The Medieval Mediterranean: Peoples, Economies and Cultures, 400-1453, 4; Leiden 1995) 270–289.

B. Leroy, L’Espagne des Torquemada : catholiques, juifs et convertis au XVe siècle (Paris 1995).

J. Laurenti, ‘Rarezas bibliograficas: la colección de incunables (1474–1496), y de ediciones del siglo XVI (1513–1547), del cardenal Juan de Torquemada (1388–1468), en la biblioteca de la Universidad de Illinois’, Boletín de la Biblioteca de Menéndez Pelayo, 70 (1994) 327–344.

T. Prügl, ‘Die Predigten am Fest des hl. Thomas von Aquin auf dem Basler Konzil – mit einer Edition des Sermo de Sancto Thoma des Joannes de Turrecremata OP’, Archivum Fratrum Praedicatorum, 64 (1994) 145–199.

T. Heydenreich, ‘Vom Directorium zum Manual, vom Manual zum Arsenale. Spanische und italienische Inquisitionshandbücher im Vergleich’, Germanisch–Romanische Monatsschrift, n.s. 43 (1993) 383–398.

T. Izbicki, ‘The Council of Ferrara–Florence and Dominican papalism’, Christian Unity. The Council of Ferrara-Florence 1438/39–1989, G. Alberigo, ed. (Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium, 97; Leuven 1991) 429–443.

S. Caballero Escamilla and A. Fernández Dueñas, ‘Aproximación a la patobiografía del inquisidor general fray Tomás de Torquemada’, Boletín de la Real Academia de Córdoba, de Ciencias, Bellas Letras y Nobles Artes, 61 (1990) 109–121.

R. Hernańdez, ‘El Cuerpo Místico de Cristo en la eclesiología de Juan de Torquemada’, Hispania Christiana. Estudios en honor del Prof. Dr. José Orlandis Rovira en su septuagesimo aniversario, J–I. Saranyana and E. Tejero, ed. (Pamplona 1988) 479–497.

N. López Martínez, ‘Las Reglas magistrales de Juan de Torquemada (d. 1468)’, Hispania Christiana. Estudios en honor del Prof. Dr. José Orlandis Rovira en su septuagesimo aniversario, J–I. Saranyana and E. Tejero, ed. (Pamplona 1988) 461–477.

T. Izbicki, ‘Papalist reaction to the Council of Constance: Juan de Torquemada’, Church History: Studies in Christianity and Culture, 55 (1986) 7–20.

E. Morris, ‘The infallibility of the Apostolic See in Juan de Torquemada O.P.’, The Thomist, 46 (1982) 242–66.

T. Izbicki, ‘Notes on the manuscript library of cardinal Johannes de Turrecremata’, Scriptorium (1981) 306–11.

T. Izbicki, Protector of the Faith: Cardinal Johannes de Turrecremata and the Defense of the Institutional Church (Washington DC 1981).

T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi (Roma 1980) 3.24–42.

J. Miethke, ‘Eine unbekannte Handschrift von Petrus de Paludes Traktat “De potestate pape” aus dem Besitz Juan de Torquemadas in der Vatikanischen Bibliothek’, QF, 59 (1979) 468–475.

T. Izbicki, ‘An argument from authority in the Indies debate’, The Americas, 34 (1978) 400–406.

J. Perarnau Espelt, ‘Raphael de Pornaxio, Joan de Casanova o Julià Tallada? Noves dades sobre l’autor del “De potestate papae et concilii generalis” (i obres complementàries), publicat a nom de Juan de Torquemada.’, Spanische Forschungen der Görresgesellschaft. 1. Reihe: Gesammelte Aufsätze zur Kulturgeschichte (1978) 457–482.

T. Izbicki, ‘Infallibility and the erring pope: Guido Terreni and Johannes de Turrecremata’, Law, Church and Society. Essays in Honor of Stephan Kuttner, K. Pennington and R. Somerville, ed. (Philadelphia 1977) 97–111.

B. Tierney, ‘“Only the truth has authority”: the problem of “reception” in the decretists and in Johannes de Turrecremata’, Law, church and society: essays in honor of Stephan Kuttner, K. Pennington and R. Somerville, ed. (Philadelphia 1977) 69–96. Reprinted in: idem, Church Law and Constitutional Thought in the Middle Ages. Collected Essays of Brian Tierney (Variorum Collected Studies Series, 90; London 1979) no. XIV.

K. Binder, Konzilsgedanken bei Kardinal Juan Torquemada O.P. (Wien 1976).

A. Molina Meliá, ‘Juan de Torquemada y la teoria de potestad indirecta de la iglesia en asuntos temporales’, Anales Valentinos, 2 (1976) 45–78.

T. Izbicki, ‘Johannes de Turrecremata, two questions on law’, TRG, 43 (1975) 9–14.

T. Izbicki, The Ecclesiology of Cardinal Johannes de Turrecremata (Ph.D. diss. Cornell University; Ithaca 1973).

A. García y García, ‘La Canonística Ibérica Medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano’, Repertorio de Historia de las Ciencias Eclestiasticas de España (Salamanca 1971) 2.198–203.

A. García y García, ‘La Canonística Ibérica Medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano’, Repertorio de Historia de las Ciencias Eclestiasticas de España (Salamanca 1967) 1.429–30.

A. García y García, ‘Notas sobre la canonistica iberica de los siglos XIII–XV’, SG, 9 (1966) 170.

J. Fleury, ‘Le conciliarisme des canonistes au Concile de Bâle d’après le Panormitain’, Mélanges Roger Secrétan (Montreux 1964) 47–65.

V. Beltrán de Heredia, ‘Noticias y documentos para la biografia del Cardenal Juan de Torquemada’, Archivum fratrum praedicatorum, 30 (1960) 53–148.

P. Massi, Magistero infallibile del Papa nella Teologia di Giovanni da Torquemada (Torino 1957).

K. Binder, Wesen und Eigenschaften der Kirche bei Kardinal Juan de Torquemada (Innsbruck 1955).

B. Tierney, Foundations of the Conciliar Theory (Cambridge 1955) 238–47.

K. Binder, ‘Kardinal Juan de Torquemada, Verfasser der “Nova Ordinatio Decreti Gratiani”,’, Archivum fratrum praedicatorum, 22 (1952) 268–93.

V. Beltrán de Heredia, ‘Collección e documentos inéditos para ilustrar la vida del cardinal Juan de Torquemada O.P.’, Archivum fratrum praedicatorum, 7 (1937) 210–245.

J. Garrastachu, ‘Los manuscritos del Card. Torquemada en la Biblioteca Vaticana’, La ciencia tomista, 41 (1930) 188–217, 291–322.

C. Gremper, ‘Des Kardinals Johannes von Turrecremata Kommentar zur Regel des heiligen Benedikt’, Studien und Mitteilungen zur Geschichte des Benediktiner-Ordens (1927) 223–83.

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