Untitled Document
Bio-Bibliographical Guide to Medieval and Early Modern Jurists

Ames Projects

Click on image for more information

 

 

Report No. a494

Sicardus Cremonensis

c.1155–1215

 

Alternative Names

Sicardus, Bishop of Cremona (LC); Sicard of Cremona; Sicard von Cremona; Sicardo di Cremona; Sicard de Cremone; Sighard von Cremona

 

Biography/Description

Taught at Bologna and in France during the 1170s, before he received a prebend at Mainz in 1180. After moving to Rome (1183), he eventually abandoned teaching when he was elected bishop of Cremona in 1185. Sicardus is best known for his world-chronicle, but he also wrote mythological, liturgical, and canonistic treatises. To the latter category belongs his Summa on Gratian’s Decretum (c.1177–79). The work is significant in particular for his method, since it favors didactic and systematic elements at the expense of explanatory ones. As a result, Sicardus’ treatment often follows the format of quaestiones or distinctiones rather than that of a commentary in the proper sense. He always observes, however, the order of the Decretum. In c.1183, Sicardus added an epilogue to his work called Apologia.

 

Text(s)

 
No. 1

Summa decretorum, 1177–79.

 
No. 2

Chronica.

 
No. 3

Mitrale.

 

Text(s) – Manuscripts

No. 1

Summa decretorum, 1177–79.

 
Manuscript

Amiens, BM 377, fol. 2–82v

 
 

Arras, BM 618, fol. 1–66

 
 

Augsburg, Staats- u. Stadtbibl. I, fol. 73–137va

 
 

Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 38, fol. 56–116

 
 

Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 39, fol. 1–12v

 
 

Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 39, fols. 145–56v (contains D.1–D.63, C.27–end)

 
 

Bernkastel-Kues, Bibl. St. Nikolaus Hospitals 226, fol. 5–28v

 
 

Bruxelles/Brussel, Bibl. Royale 1485–1501, fol. 193vb–218ra, 218vb–244va

 
 

Córdoba, Bibl. Cabildo 137

 
 

Darmstadt, Landesbibl. 318

 
 

Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 1012, fol. 5 (prologue only, fragmentary)

 
 

London, BL Add. 18367

 
 

Milano, Bibl. Ambrosiana M.64 sup., fol. a.i–a.lxxxiii

 
 

München, BSB Clm 4555

 
 

München, BSB Clm 8013

 
 

München, BSB Clm 11312

 
 

Oxford, Corpus Christi Coll. 154, p.6–124, p.126–153, p.307–355 (D.1–101 on p. 307–355, C.1–6 on p.6–61, C.7–24 on p.62–124, and C.27–33 q.3 on p.126–153)

 
 

Oxford, Univ. Coll. 117, fol. 129v–140rb (excerpts only)

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 4288, fol. 1–75v

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 4289

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 14996, fol. 1–146v

 
 

Roma, Bibl. Casanatense 108, fol. 187–246

 
 

Roma, BN 1369, fol. 78ra–86vb, 88ra–117vb (contains D.1–D.63, D.48–C.30)

 
 

Rouen, BM 710, fol. 1–63v

 
 

Salamanca, Bibl. Univ. 2247

 
 

Trier, Stadtbibl. 922, fol. 1v–59

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Pal. lat. 653, fol. 65v–112

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Pal. lat. 362, fol. 164v–172 (De cons. Only)

 
 

Wien, ÖNB 2166, fol. 1–72v

 
 

Zürich, Zentralbibliothek C.80, fol. 1–54v

 

Text(s) – Modern Editions

No. 1

Summa decretorum.

 
Modern Editions

The Apologia is printed by J. von Schulte in SB Wien, 63 (1869) 340–41.

 
No. 2

Chronica.

 
Modern Editions

Ed. O. Holder-Egger in MGH SS, 31 (1903) 78–103.

 
No. 3

Mitrale.

 
Modern Editions

PL, 213.13–146.

 

Literature

J. Viejo-Ximénez, ‘Sicardo de Cremona’, in Juristas universales 1.378–80.

K. Pennington, ‘The Decretists: The Italian School’, in The History of Medieval Canon Law in the Classical Period, 1140–1234: From Gratian to the Decretals of Pope Gregory IX, W. Hartmann and K. Pennington, ed. (History of Medieval Canon Law 6; Washington DC 2008) 127, 140, 160, 166.

T. Lenherr, Die Exkommunikations– und Depositionsgewalt der Häretiker bei Gratian und den Dekretisten bis zur Glossa ordinaria des Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien 3, Kan. Abt. 42; München 1987) 216–18.

S. Kuttner, ‘Retractationes VIII’, in Gratian and the Schools of Law (London 1983) 30.

H. Müller, Der Anteil der Laien an der Bischofswahl: Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Kanonistik von Gratian bis Gregor IX. (Kanonistische Studien und Texte 29; Amsterdam 1977) 66–69.

F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milano 1971) 143–46.

J. Brundage, Medieval Canon Law and the Crusader (Madison WI 1969) 51–52.

R. Benson, The Bishop–Elect: A Study in Medieval Ecclesiastical Office (Princeton 1968) 101–3, 105, 160.

J. Brundage, ‘The Votive Obligations of Crusaders: The Development of a Canonistic Doctrine’, Traditio, 24 (1968) 84. Reprinted in: idem, The Crusades, Holy War and Canon Law (Collected Studies CS 338; Aldershot 1991) no. VI.

R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien 3, Kan. Abt. 26; München 1967) 184–85 and passim.

J. Weitzel, Begriff und Erscheinungsformen der Simonie bei Gratian und den Dekretisten (Münchener Theologische Studien 3, Kan. Abt. 25; München 1967) 123–34.

R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im knaonischen Recht (Münchener Theologische Studien 3, Kan. Abt. 16; München 1963) 1.171–76.

C. Lefebvre, ‘Sicard de Cremone’, in DDC (1961) 7.1008–1011.

S. Kuttner, ‘Annual Report’, Traditio, 16 (1960) 533.

E. Brocchieri, Sicardo di Cremona e la sua opera letteraria (Roma 1958).

R. Motzenbäcker, Die Rechtsvermutung im kanonischen Recht (München 1958) 93 n.1.

N. Vilain, ‘Prescription et bonne foi du Décret de Gratien (1140) à Jean d’André († 1348)’, Traditio, 14 (1958) 147.

S. Kuttner, ‘Bertram of Metz’, Traditio, 13 (1957) 501–503.

S. Kuttner, ‘An Interim Checklist of Manuscripts’, Traditio, 12 (1956) 562.

S. Kuttner, ‘Réflexions sur les brocards des glossateurs’, in Melanges Josef de Ghellinck (Gembloux 1952) 2.767–92.

S. Kuttner, ‘Anglo-Norman Canonists of the Twelfth Century’, Traditio, 7 (1949/51) 301 n.34.

A. Lang, ‘Rhetorische Einflüsse bei den Glossatoren’, ZRG Kan. Abt., 29 (1940) 30–50.

S. Kuttner, Repertorium 150–53.

S. Kuttner, ‘Zur Biographie des Sicardus’, ZRG Kan. Abt., 25 (1936) 476–91.

J. von Schulte, ‘Zur Geschichte des Literatur über das Dekret Gratians’, Sitzungsberichte der kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophisch-Historische Klasse, 63 (1869) 340–41.