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Bio-Bibliographical Guide to Medieval and Early Modern Jurists

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Report No. a304

Johannes de Chent

early 13th c.

 

Alternative Names

John of Kent; Johannes von Kent; Jean de Kent

 

Biography/Description

An Anglo-Norman canonist of the late twelfth century. J. Goering has suggested his identity with Master John of Kent who in 1204 became chancellor of St. Paul’s Cathedral in London, and later (ca. 1213/14)seems to have entered the service of the Archbishop of Canterbury. At any rate, the canonist was still alive after 1215, since John’s Summa on Penitence (ca. 1212–20) includes several passages invoking the Fourth Lateran Council. Therein, the author reveals a canonist’s approach to the topic. Some canonistic quaestiones carrying solutions ascribed to ‘Jo. De chent’ are further reported in the Quaestiones Londinenses (see ibid.)

 

Text(s)

 
No. 1

Summa de penitentia.

 

Text(s) – Manuscripts

No. 1

Summa de penitentia.

 
Manuscript

Cambridge, Emmanuel Coll. 83, fol. 200r–201v, 204r–209v (abbreviated excerpts from book I.24–26)

 
 

Grenoble, BM 455, fol. 118–130 (Book III only)

 
 

London, BL Royal 9 A XIV, fol. 203va–232vb

 
 

London, BL Royal 5 A I, fols. 63v–89r (Books I–II only)

 

Text(s) – Modern Editions

No. 1

Summa de penitentia.

 
Modern Editions

None. The prologue and the incipits of books I–III and a list of rubrics from the same books have been printed by J. Goering in BMCL, 13 (1983) 22–24, 29–31 (transcribed from the only known, complete copy: London, BL Royal 9 A XIV).

 

Literature

R. Weigand, ‘The Transmontane Decretists’, in The History of Medieval Canon Law in the Classical Period, 1140–1234: From Gratian to the Decretals of Pope Gregory IX, W. Hartmann and K. Pennington, ed. (History of Medieval Canon Law 6; Washington DC 2008) 201–2.

J. Goering, ‘The Internal Forum and the Literature of Penance and Confession’, in The History of Medieval Canon Law in the Classical Period, 1140–1234: From Gratian to the Decretals of Pope Gregory IX, W. Hartmann and K. Pennington, ed. (History of Medieval Canon Law 6; Washington DC 2008) 386n23, 399n69, 400n73, 418, 420.

J. Goering, ‘The “Summa de penitentia” of John of Kent’, BMCL, 18 (1988) 13–31.