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Report No. a303

Johannes Teutonicus

c.1170–1245

 

Alternative Names

Joannes, Teutonicus (LC); Johannes Zemeke; Jean le Teutonique; Juan Teutónico; Jean le Teuton

 

Biography/Description

Taught canon law at Bologna c.1210–1212/1213–18. He studied law in Bologna in the last decades of the twelfth century and then began to teach there. In 1216 Johannes visited the papal court and departed in anger. Kuttner and Pennington have argued that he was seeking papal endorsement for his decretal collection (Compilatio quarta). Although Innocent III did not grant his request, Johannes’s collection followed Compilatio tertia into the accepted canon of Compilationes antiquae. He also provided a gloss-apparatus for it, which is the only one ever to be composed on this (perhaps) reluctantly accepted collection. After his departure from Bologna, he became scholasticus (1220), provost (1223), and dean (1235) at S. Mariae in Halberstadt. Later, he advanced to the position of provost (1241) in the cathedral church of Halberstadt. A legend in Halberstadt credits him with being an important figure in the building of the new gothic cathedral. His tomb and fifteenth-century epitaph (probably based on an earlier one) are in the Cathedral of Halberstadt (image online).

As a canonist, Johannes was quite capable as a synthesizer. He managed to draw together the contributions of Huguccio, Laurentius, and the ‘Ordinaturus magister’ apparatus so successfully in his gloss to the Decretum that it became the Glossa ordinaria. But he could also be independent and creative, as in his gloss to the constitutions of the Fourth Lateran Council (1215) and – even more so – to Compilatio tertia.

 

Text(s)

 
No. 1

Ordinary Gloss to Gratian’s Decretum.

 
No. 2

Johannis Teutonici Apparatus glossarum in Compilationem tertiam.

 
No. 3

Apparatus on Fourth Lateran Constitutions.

 
No. 4

Compilatio quarta. See under Compilatio quarta.

 
No. 5

Apparatus Glossarum in Compilationem quartam.

 
No. 6

Gloss to the Arbores consanguinitatis et affinitatis.

 
No. 7

Quaestiones.

 
No. 8

Consilium.

 
No. 9

Glosses on Super specula. Johannes’s authorship of these glosses, signed ‘Jo.’ in the manuscripts, is less than certain. See K. Pennington, Johannis Teutonici Apparatus xii n.3.

 

Text(s) – Manuscripts

No. 1

Ordinary Gloss to Gratian’s Decretum.

 
Manuscript

Original (Unprinted) Version (1216)

 
 

Admont, Stiftsbibl. 35

 
 

Antwerpen, Mus. Plantin-Moretus M 13 (set II)

 
 

Avranches, BM 148

 
 

Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 13 (set II)

 
 

Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 14 (set III)

 
 

Beaune, BM 5 (set III)

 
 

Cambridge, Gonville & Caius Coll. 34 (without Gratian’s text)

 
 

Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Mus. McLean 135 (set II)

 
 

Cambridge, Pembroke Coll. 162 (set IV)

 
 

Charleville-Mézières, BM 269 (set I)

 
 

Cividale del Friuli, Mus. Archeologico 96 (set II)

 
 

Douai, BM 586 (set II)

 
 

Douai, BM 591 (set II)

 
 

Évreux, BM 106 (set III)

 
 

Gdańsk, Bibl. Gdańska Polskiej Akad. Nauk Mar. F.77 (set IV)

 
 

Graz, Universitätsbibl. 71 (set V)

 
 

Graz, Universitätsbibl. 80 (set II)

 
 

Grenoble, BM 62

 
 

Ivrea, Bibl. Cap. 72 (with major lacunae)

 
 

Klosterneuberg, Stiftsbibl. 87

 
 

Klosterneuberg, Stiftsbibl. 101 (set III)

 
 

Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 958

 
 

Lublin, Bibl. Uniwersytecka 1

 
 

München, BSB Clm 14024 (set II)

 
 

Olomouc, Státni Archiv 401 (without Gratian’s text)

 
 

Oxford, Bodleian Libr. Bodl. 290 (fragment)

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 3903 (set III)

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 3904 (set III)

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 3905

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 14317 (set III)

 
 

Praha, Národní Muz. XVII A 12 (set III?)

 
 

Saint-Mihiel, BM 5 (set II)

 
 

Saint-Omer, BM 192 (set III)

 
 

Saint-Omer, BM 454 (set b)

 
 

Tarazona, Bibl. Catedral 93 (fragments)

 
 

Tours, BM 559 (set II)

 
 

Trier, Stadtbibl. 906 (set II)

 
 

Trier, Stadtbibl. 907 (set II)

 
 

Troyes, BM 60 (set II)

 
 

Troyes, BM 192, fol. 5–174 (without Gratian’s text, begins at D.2 c.5)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 1367 (set I)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Pal. lat. 624

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Pal. lat. 625 (set III)

 
 

Venezia, BN IV 117 (set II)

 
 

Wien, ÖNB 2082 (set I)

 
No. 2

Johannis Teutonici Apparatus glossarum in Compilationem tertiam.

 
Manuscript

Admont, Stiftsbibl. 22, fols. 129r–244v (Italian group)

 
 

Alba Iulia, Bibl. Batthyan. II.5, fols. 110r–209r (Italian group)

 
 

Córdoba, Bibl. Cabildo 10, fols. 138r–273r (Italian group)

 
 

Frankfurt am Main, Stadt- und Universitätsbibl. 28, fols. 1r–110r (French group)

 
 

Firenze, Bibl. Laurenz. Plut. 4 (olim S. Croce IV) sin. 2, fols. 130r–237v (Italian group; the library currently identifies this manuscript with the Plutei designation, but the literature often refers to it with the S. Croce one.)

 
 

Graz, Universitätsbibl. 106, fols. 123r–241r (French group)

 
 

Graz, Universitätsbibl. P.4.x, fols. 1r–185v (French group; unfoliated)

 
 

Klosterneuberg, Stiftsbibl. 17 (inside cover; Italian group)

 
 

Sankt-Peterburg, Gosudarstvennaia Publichnaia Bibl. lat. F II vel. I, fols. 1r–124v (French group)

 
 

London, BL Royal II.C.vii, fols. 113r–209r (Italian group)

 
 

Lyon, Bibl. Univ. 6, fols. 82r–176r (French group)

 
 

München, BSB lat. 3879, fols. 150r–266v (Italian group)

 
 

Siena, Maffei Libr. manuscript of the Compilationes antiquae, fols. 132r–266v (Italian group)

 
 

New Haven, Conn., Yale Univ., Beinecke Libr. 423, fols. 1r–87v (French group)

 
 

Padova, Bibl. Anton. II.35, fols. 123r–248r (Italian group)

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 3930, fols. 99r–215r (Italian group)

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 15997, fols. 101v–103r (French group)

 
 

Saint-Omer, BM 447, fols. 102r–202v (French group)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Ottob. Lat. 1099, fols. 1r–40v (Italian group)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Chig. Lat. E.VII.207, fols. 135r–256v (Italian group)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Reg. lat. 975, fols. IIr–v (flyleaf; French group)

 
No. 5

Apparatus Glossarum in Compilationem quartam.

 
Manuscript

Admont, Stiftsbibl. 22, fol. 246v–270

 
 

Arras, BM 505

 
 

Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 19, fol. 223–55

 
 

Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 23, fol. 1–51

 
 

Beaune, BM 19, fol. 273

 
 

Burgo de Osma, Bibl. Catedral 6, fol. 320–356v

 
 

Cambridge, Gonville & Caius Coll. 17, p. 329–81

 
 

Cambridge, Gonville & Caius Coll. 150, fol. 120–151v

 
 

Chartres, BM 318, fol. 238–

 
 

Chartres, BM 384, fol. 247–81v

 
 

Córdoba, Bibl. Cabildo 10, fol. 274–304va

 
 

Douai, BM 593, fol. 75–

 
 

Douai, BM 596, fol. 1–

 
 

Durham, Cath. Libr. C III 4

 
 

Firenze, Bibl. Laurenz. Plut. 3 (olim S. Croce III) sin. 6, fol. 108– (The library currently identifies this manuscript with the Plutei designation, but the literature often refers to it with the S. Croce one.)

 
 

Firenze, Bibl. Laurenz. Plut. 4 (olim S. Croce IV) sin. 2 (The library currently identifies this manuscript with the Plutei designation, but the literature often refers to it with the S. Croce one.)

 
 

Frankfurt am Main, Stadt- und Universitätsbibl. 28

 
 

Fulda, Landesbibl. D.6, fol. 268–299v

 
 

Graz, Universitätsbibl. 374

 
 

Graz, Universitätsbibl. III 106

 
 

Graz, Universitätsbibl. III 138

 
 

Leiden, Bibl. Rijksuniv. Ablaing 12

 
 

Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 968, fol. 232–61

 
 

Sankt-Peterburg, Gosudarstvennaia Publichnaia Bibl. II, fol. membr.1

 
 

Lincoln, Cath. Chap. 29, fol. 169–192v, fol. 3

 
 

Lisboa, BN Alcobaça 381, fol. 225–256v

 
 

London, BL Royal 11 C VII, fol. 210–

 
 

Lyon, Bibl. Univ. 6, fol. 177–201

 
 

Marburg, Universitätsbibl. C.2, fol. 71–103

 
 

Monte Cassino, Bibl. Abbazia 185, p.181–239

 
 

München, BSB Clm 3879, fol. 267–304

 
 

Padova, Bibl. Anton. 35

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 3931 A

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 3932, fol. 203–236

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 3933

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 11714, fol. 1–26vb

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 12452

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 14321

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 15997

 
 

Paris, BN nouv. acq. lat. 2127

 
 

Paris, BN nouv. acq. lat. 2192

 
 

Reims, BM 690, fol. 173–215

 
 

Saint-Omer, BM 447

 
 

Toulouse, BM 368, fol. 95–119v

 
 

Tours, BM 564, fol. 1–23v

 
 

Troyes, BM 102

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 1377, fol. 282–317

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2509, fol. 276–319

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Borgh. 264, fol. 231–267v

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Chig. E VII 207, fol. 257–272v

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Ottob. lat. 1099, fol. 41–54v (without the text of 4 Comp., ends at 5.15.5)

 
 

Worcester, Cath. Libr. F 177, fol. 7–24v

 
No. 7

Quaestiones.

 
Manuscript

Graz, Universitätsbibl. 138, fol. 268v

 
 

Klosterneuberg, Stiftsbibl. 656, fol. 35–42v

 
 

Paris, BN nouv. acq. lat. 2443, fol. 134–35

 
No. 9

Glosses on Super specula.

 
Manuscript

Firenze, Bibl. Laurenz. Plut. 5 (olim S. Croce V) sin. 4, fol. 1r (The library currently identifies this manuscript with the Plutei designation, but the literature often refers to it with the S. Croce one.)

 
 

Lisboa, BN Alcobaça 381, fol. 224

 

Text(s) – Modern Editions

No. 1

Ordinary Gloss to Gratian’s Decretum.

 
Modern Editions

J.’s work as revised by Bartholomeus Brixiensis (ca. 1240–1245) has appeared in numerous early modern editions of Gratian’s Decretum. The original version of 1216 remains, however, unprinted..

 
No. 2

Johannis Teutonici Apparatus glossarum in Compilationem tertiam.

 
Modern Editions

Johannis Teutonici Apparatus glossarum in Compilationem tertiam, ed. K. Pennington (MIC A–3; Città del Vaticano 1981) (All the manuscripts containing the Apparatus are listed therein, p.xv–xvi. Books 1–2, so far the only ones published in paper form. The remaining books may be found on Pennington’s website: Book 3.1 to 3.22, Book 3.23 to End, Book 4, Book 5.1 to 5.16, Book 5.17 to End.)

 
No. 3

Apparatus on Fourth Lateran Constitutions.

 
Modern Editions

Constitutiones concilii quarti Lateranensis una cum commentariis glossatorum, ed. A. García y García (MIC A–2; Città del Vaticano 1981) 175–272.

 
No. 5

Apparatus Glossarum in Compilationem quartam.

 
Modern Editions

Antiquae collectiones decretalium, ed. A. Augustín (Lerida 1576) (The best reprint is in his Opera omnia, ed. G. Rocchi (Lucca 1769) 4.610–92: see S. Kuttner, ‘Antonio Augustín’s edition of the Compilationes Antiquae’ BMCL 7 (1977) 1..)

 
No. 6

Gloss to the Arbores consanguinitatis et affinitatis.

 
Modern Editions

‘Glosas’, ed. A. García y García (1982) 163–75.

 
No. 7

Quaestiones.

 
Modern Editions

Ed. G. Fransen in ‘A propos des Questions de Jean le Teutonique’, BMCL, 13 (1983) 43–47 (from the fragmentary texts in MS Paris, B.N. lat. nouv. acq. 2443 and Graz, Universitätsbibl. 138).

 
No. 8

Consilium.

 
Modern Editions

‘A “Consilium” of Johannes Teutonicus’, ed. K. Pennington (1970) 436–37.

 

Literature

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