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Report No. a061

Bernardus Papiensis

d.1213

 

Alternative Names

Bernard, of Pavia (LC); Bernardo Balbi; Bernardus Balbi Ticinensis; Bernardus Balbus; Bernard of Pavia; Bernhard von Pavia; Bernardo da Pavia

 

Biography/Description

Born in Pavia. Bernardus studied at Bologna under Bazianus, Gandulphus, and (perhaps) Huguccio. He taught at Bologna during the 1170s and then spent time at Rome working in the curia. In 1187, Bernardus became Provost of Pavia. In 1191, he succeeded Johannes Faventinus as Bishop of Faenza. In 1198, he was postulated to the bishopric of Pavia. He died there on 18 September 1213.

Bernardus was the most important twelfth-century canonist after Huguccio. He wrote glosses on the Decretum which formed the core of the apparatus Ordinaturus magister, which passed for the Ordinary Gloss to the Decretum until the time of Johannes Teutonicus. But Bernardus’ lasting achievement was as a decretalist. Bernardus first compiled a modest decretal collection, the Collection in ninety-five titles (or Parisiensis II), between 1177 and 1179. Far more important, however, was Bernardus’ creation, around 1190, of the large, systematic decretal collection, Breuiarium extrauagantium (later known as Compilatio prima, which became the model for all subsequent collections. He also wrote glosses, Casus and a Summa on the Breuiarium organized by title which helped to establish the genre of the Summa super titulis. The chronology of Bernardus’ writings poses significant problems; it seems likely that he wrote and then revised most of his works at least once and perhaps several times.

 

Text(s)

 
No. 01

Glosses on Decretum. See under Ordinaturus Magister.

 
No. 02

Collection in ninety-five titles. See under Collectio Parisiensis II.

 
No. 03

Breuiarium extrauagantium. See under Compilatio prima.

 
No. 04

Glosses on Compilatio I.

 
No. 05

Summa titulorum decretalium, c.1191–98.

 
No. 06

Casus decretalium, after 1198.

 
No. 07

Summa de electione, c.1177–79.

 
No. 08

Summa de matrimonio, c.1173–79.

 
No. 09

Argumenta or Notabilia.

 
No. 10

Collectio Lipsiensis, 1180s. See under Collectio Lipsiensis.

 

Text(s) – Manuscripts

No. 04

Glosses on Compilatio I.

 
Manuscript

Appears together with glosses of Alanus Anglicus

 
 

Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 349

 
 

Fulda, Landesbibl. D.5

 
 

Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibl. Aug. XL

 
 

München, BSB Clm 3879

 
 

Appears together with the glosses of Ricardus Anglicus

 
 

München, BSB Clm 6352

 
 

München, BSB Clm 8302

 
 

Other manuscripts containing mixed glosses including those of Bernardus

 
 

Admont, Stiftsbibl. 55, fols. 1–85v (set i)

 
 

Avranches, BM 149, fols. 7–77v (set i)

 
 

Lisboa, BN Alcobaça 173 (304), fols. 10v–115r

 
 

Monte Cassino, Bibl. Abbazia 46, pp.1–178 (set i)

 
 

Halle, Universitäts- u. Landesbibl. Ye 52

 
 

Laon, BM 385

 
 

Vendôme, BM 89

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Pal. lat. 288

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Pal. lat. 653

 
 

Other manuscripts with very early glosses that should be studied in more depth in order to determine if some of them belong to Bernardus

 
 

Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 19

 
 

Cambridge, Gonville & Caius Coll. 150

 
 

London, Lambeth Palace Libr. 80

 
 

Chartres, BM 318

 
 

Douai, BM 594

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 15398

 
 

Monte Cassino, Bibl. Abbazia 46

 
No. 05

Summa titulorum decretalium, c.1191–98.

 
Manuscript

Avignon, BM 661, fol. 85–119v

 
 

Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 45, fol. 8–22

 
 

Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat. fol. 350

 
 

Bern, Universitätsbibl. A. 94 (19 folios; ends at 1 Comp. 2.20)

 
 

Cambrai, BM 253, fol. 82–113v (ends at 1 Comp. 4.19)

 
 

Bernkastel-Kues, Bibl. St. Nikolaus Hospitals 226, fol. 38–48v (ends at 1 Comp. 5.15)

 
 

Fulda, Landesbibl. D.5, fol. 1–83 (with decretal text)

 
 

Halle, Universitäts- u. Landesbibl. Ye. 80, fol. 1–78 (with decretal text)

 
 

Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 982

 
 

London, BL Royal 9. E. XIV, fol. 191–197v (ends at 1 Comp. 4.1)

 
 

Monte Cassino, Bibl. Abbazia 46, p. 1–278 (excerpts only; with decretal text)

 
 

München, BSB Clm 3507, fol. 51ff

 
 

München, BSB Clm 4592, fol. 76–117

 
 

München, BSB Clm 16083, fol. 5–36

 
 

München, BSB Clm 22304, fol. 84–130

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 3934A, fol. 1–20

 
 

Roma, Bibl. Vallicell. C.44, fol. 4–40v

 
 

Troyes, BM 385 (with decretal text)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2691, fol. 21–44v

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 11502, fol. 1–103

 
 

Vercelli, Bibl. Agnes. 176 [Ar. 191], fol. 17–49

 
 

Wien, ÖNB 1326, fol. 111–132

 
 

Berkeley, Univ. Cal. (Berkeley), Law Libr. Robbins Coll. 7

 
No. 06

Casus decretalium, after 1198.

 
Manuscript

Alba Iulia, Bibl. Batthyan. 292, fol. 1r–40v

 
 

Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat. fol. 350

 
 

Chalon-sur-Saône, BM 16

 
 

Frankfurt am Main, Stadt- und Universitätsbibl. 43

 
 

Fulda, Landesbibl. D. 5, fol. 1–83 (excerpts only; with decretal text)

 
 

Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 984, fol. 67–89v

 
 

Oxford, Bodleian Libr. lat. misc. 60 (14 leaves containing parts of books 3 and 4)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2691, fol. 59–82

 
 

Zwettl, Stiftsbibl. 279, fol. 86r–106r

 
No. 07

Summa de electione, c.1177–79.

 
Manuscript

Amiens, BM 377, fol. 148va–151ra

 
 

Ivrea, Bibl. Cap. 67, fol. 46ra–47vb (incomplete)

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 1566, fol. 69vb–78vb

 
No. 08

Summa de matrimonio, c.1173–79.

 
Manuscript

Amiens, BM 377, fol. 151ra–54vb

 
 

München, BSB Clm 8302

 
 

Monte Cassino, Bibl. Abbazia 396, p. 1–20

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 1566, fol. 56ra–69vb

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 3454, fol. 49–52

 
 

Torino, BN Universitaria D.V.2, fol. 99–109

 
 

Würzburg, Universitätsbibl. M. p. th. f. 122, fol. 26v–31r

 
 

Zwettl, Stiftsbibl. 162, fol. 66–70r

 
No. 09

Argumenta or Notabilia.

 
Manuscript

Melk, Stiftsbibl. 190 (333), fol. 252v–254v

 

Literature

J. Fornés, ‘Bernardo de Pavia’, in Juristas universales 1.375–8.

A. Fiori, ‘Bernardo da Pavia’, in DGI (2013) 1.231–32.

R. Weigand, ‘The Development of the Glossa ordinaria to Gratian’s Decretum’, in The History of Medieval Canon Law in the Classical Period, 1140–1234: From Gratian to the Decretals of Pope Gregory IX, W. Hartmann and K. Pennington, ed. (History of Medieval Canon Law 6; Washington DC 2008) 60, 62, 74–75.

K. Pennington, ‘The Decretalists 1190 to 1234’, in The History of Medieval Canon Law in the Classical Period, 1140–1234: From Gratian to the Decretals of Pope Gregory IX, W. Hartmann and K. Pennington, ed. (History of Medieval Canon Law 6; Washington DC 2008) 211–15, 218–22.

C. Duggan, ‘Decretal Collections from Gratian’s Decretum to the Compilationes antiquae: The Making of the New Case Law’, in The History of Medieval Canon Law in the Classical Period, 1140–1234: From Gratian to the Decretals of Pope Gregory IX, W. Hartmann and K. Pennington, ed. (History of Medieval Canon Law 6; Washington DC 2008) 248, 251–52, 271, 280–82, 286, 288.

K. Pennington, ‘Decretal Collections 1190–1234’, in The History of Medieval Canon Law in the Classical Period, 1140–1234: From Gratian to the Decretals of Pope Gregory IX, W. Hartmann and K. Pennington, ed. (History of Medieval Canon Law 6; Washington DC 2008) 296–306.

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H. Müller, Der Anteil der Laien an der Bischofswahl: Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Kanonistik von Gratian bis Gregor IX. (Kanonistische Studien und Texte 29; Amsterdam 1977) 78–84, 138–39.

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R. Benson, The Bishop–Elect: A Study in Medieval Ecclesiastical Office (Princeton 1968) 99–101, 104, 113, 128, 136.

J. Brundage, ‘The Votive Obligations of Crusaders: The Development of a Canonistic Doctrine’, Traditio, 24 (1968) 96–.

F. Liotta, ‘Bernardo di Pavia’, in DBI (1967) 9.279–84.

R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien 3, Kan. Abt. 26; München 1967) 416, 422.

J. Brundage, ‘The Crusader’s Wife: A Canonistic Quandary’, SG, 12 (1967) 434. Reprinted in: idem, The Crusades, Holy War and Canon Law (Collected Studies CS 338; Aldershot 1991) no. XV.

J. Hanenburg, ‘Decretals and Decretal Collections in the Second Half of the Twelfth Century’, TRG, 34 (1966) 522–99.

R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht (Münchener Theologische Studien 3, Kan. Abt. 16; München 1963) 1.241–60.

G. Couvreur, Les pauvres ont-ils des droits? Recherches sur le vol en cas d’extrême nécessité depuis la Concordia de Gratien (1140) jusqu’à Guillaume d’Auxerre († 1321) (Analecta Gregoriana 111; Roma 1961) 58, 67, 70, 89.

N. Vilain, ‘Prescription et bonne foi du Décret de Gratien (1140) à Jean d’André († 1348)’, Traditio, 14 (1958) 147.

S. Kuttner, ‘Anglo-Norman Canonists of the Twelfth Century’, Traditio, 7 (1949/51) 295–30, 312–315.

S. Kuttner, Repertorium 322–323, 387–90, 398–99, 462.

G. Le Bras, ‘Bernard de Pavie’, in DDC (1937) 2.782–89.

J. von Schulte, QL 1.78–82, 175–82.

F. Kunstmann, ‘Das Eherecht des Bischofs Bernhard von Pavia’, AKKR, 6 (1861) 223–62.

E. Laspeyres, Bernardus Papiensis Faventini episcopi Summa decretalium (Regensburg 1860; repr. Graz 1956).