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Bio-Bibliographical Guide to Medieval and Early Modern Jurists

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Report No. a062

Bernardus Parmensis

c. 1200–1266

 

Alternative Names

Bottoni, Bernardo (LC); Bernard de Botone; Bernardus Bottonus; Bernardo da Parma; Bernard of Parma

 

Biography/Description

Born in the late twelfth or early thirteenth century, Bernardus studied canon law at Bologna under Tancred; eventually he became a canon and taught canon law there. By 1247, Bernard was also a papal chaplain. His major work was his gloss on the decretals of Gregory IX, which became the Glossa Ordinaria. Bernardus revised and rewrote this work repeatedly from 1241 until his death in 1266, resulting in at least four recensions.

 

Text(s)

 
No. 1

Gloss to the Decretales Gregorii IX (Glossa ordinaria). Bernardus integrated many glosses by Alanus, Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus, Laurentius, Tancredus, and Vincentius on the Compilationes antique into a large apparatus which quickly became accepted as the Glossa ordinaria.

 
No. 2

Casus longi. on the Decretales Gregorii IX.

 
No. 3

Notabilia.

 
No. 4

Summa super titulis decretalium.

 

Text(s) – Manuscripts

No. 1

Gloss to the Decretales Gregorii IX (Glossa ordinaria).

 
Manuscript

First Version (1234–41) (All the manuscripts listed here are manuscripts of the Decretales Gregorii IX containing Bernardus Parmensis’s glosses. Kuttner (with Beryl Smalley) determined at least four stages of redaction based on a study of several Vatican Library manuscripts. Fransen identified a further copy of the first version in Poitiers. Scholars can look to the Appendix in Kuttner/Smalley’s 1945 EHR article in order to see test glosses by which they can determine to which version other glossed manuscripts of the Liber Extra belong.)

 
 

Oxford, Bodleian Libr. Lat. th. b. 4

 
 

Poitiers, BM 122 (139)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 1380

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 11158

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Pal. lat. 634

 
 

Second Version (1243–45)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 1365

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 11154

 
 

Third Version (1245–53)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 1383

 
 

Fourth Version (1263)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 1379

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 1381

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 1382

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 1384

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 1385

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 1386

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 1387

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 1388

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 1389

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 1390

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 1391

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Borgh. 257

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Borgh. 262

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Borgia 433

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Chig. E.VII.237

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Ottob. lat. 1601

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Pal. lat. 629

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Pal. lat. 631

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Pal. lat. 632

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Pal. lat. 633

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Ross. 596

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Urb. lat. 159

 
No. 4

Summa super titulis decretalium.

 
Manuscript

Chartres, BM 245

 
 

Frankfurt am Main, Stadt- und Universitätsbibl. 155

 
 

Troyes, BM 559

 
 

Wien, ÖNB 2190

 

Text(s) – Early Printed Editions

No. 2

Casus longi.

 
Early Printed Editions

Casus longi. Paris, 1475. (Hain 2931)

 
 

Casus longi. Venezia, 1477.

 
 

Casus longi. Strasbourg, 1484. (Hain 2932)

 
 

Casus longi. Leuven, 1484. (Hain 2933)

 
 

Casus longi. Bologna, 1487. (Hain 2934)

 
 

Casus longi. Strasbourg, 1488. (Hain 2935)

 
 

Casus longi. Strasbourg, 1493. (Hain 2936)

 
 

Casus longi. Lyon, 1497. (Hain 2937)

 
 

Casus longi. Strasbourg, 1498. (Hain 2938)

 
 

Casus longi. s.l., s.a.. (Hain 2929)

 
 

Casus longi. s.l., s.a.. (Hain 2930)

 
 

Casus longi. Lyon, 1500. (Hain 2939)

 

Literature

R. Domingo, ‘Bernardo de Parma’, in Juristas universales 1.442–4.

O. Condorelli, ‘Bernardo da Parma’, in DGI (2013) 1.230–31.

L. Kéry, Gottesfurcht und irdische Strafe: Der Beitrag des mittelalterlichen Kirchenrechts zur Entstehung des öffentlichen Strafrechts (Konflikt, Verbrechen und Sanktion in der Gesellschaft Alteuropas, Symposien und Synthesen 10; Köln 2006) 367–72, 392–663.

C. Reid, Power over the Body, Equality in the Family: Rights and Domestic Relations in Medieval Canon Law (Emory University Studies in Law and Religion; Grand Rapids 2004) 15, 20, 46, 49, 55–56, 84–86, 92, 118.

C. Reid, Power over the Body, Equality in the Family: Rights and Domestic Relations in Medieval Canon Law (Emory University Studies in Law and Religion; Grand Rapids 2004) 120, 123–24, 132, 146, 148, 149, 164, 173.

S. Kuttner, ‘Notes on the Glossa ordinaria of Bernard of Parma’, BMCL, 11 (1981) 86–93.

H. Zapp, ‘Bernardus de Bottone’, in LMA (1980) 1.1976.

R. Abbondanza, ‘Bernardus da Parma’, in DBI (1967) 9.276–79.

N. Vilain, ‘Prescription et bonne foi du Décret de Gratien (1140) à Jean d’André († 1348)’, Traditio, 14 (1958) 124, 146.

S. Kuttner, ‘The Glossa Ordinaria to the Gregorian Decretals’, EHR, 60 (1945) 97–105.

P. Ourliac, ‘Bernard de Parme ou de Botone’, in DDC (1937) 2.781–82.

J. von Schulte, QL 2.114–17.