The Harvard Law School’s Collection
of Medieval English Statute Books and
Registers of Writs

Ames Projects

Click on image for more information


HLS MS No. 52

Registrum brevium

ca. 1310



<Preliminary introduction>

The HOLLIS cataloguing may be found here. The following items are worth repeating:

“Description: 130 leaves : vellum ; 16 cm.

“Notes: Written by an English scribe, long lines, 33 to a full page.

“Ornamental pen letters and painted capitals in blue and red.”

The cataloguing in Baker’s English Legal Manuscripts, 1, no. 75 reads as follows:


“MS. 52.

“Early C.xiv, 130 ff., doeskin over wooden boards. The first writ, concerning land in Yorkshire, is tested at Nottingham 15 Sept. 4 Edward.

“Belonged to Sir Thomas Phillipps (MS. 22940, altered to 24778); his sale, S. 12 June 1896, no. 434, to Ellis for George Dunn; his sale, S. 12 Feb. 1913, no. 231; bought privately by HLS.

Census, I, 1033, no. 52; Early Registers, xv n. 2, xxvi.”

The date for the manuscript in the HOLLIS catalogue, 1276, is, as we will argue, below, too early.

The manuscript is approximately 160 X 105 mm.

The script is consistent and legible. Its style suggests the late 13th century rather than the 14th. Another, less formal hand begins on fol. 127v and ends on fol. 130r, after which a ?third hand, similar to the primary one, fills the final page of text. A few other hands, less formal and more recent, appear in the marginalia. One of them cites a statute of Edward III.

The manuscript is decorated with red and blue paragraph marks and initial capitals with an elaborately decorated large capital on the first page (fol. 1r). There are no illustrations or grotesques.

The doeskin binding is old and somewhat warped with much of the surface coloring worn off.

On some of the images the main hand appears faded, though this may be problem with the photographing rather than with the manuscript itself. There are none that we have found that are so faint as to be illegible or even that difficult to read. One page near the end of the manuscript (seq. 268, unfoliated) is fragmentary; a few others are missing.

There is no medieval foliation. Faint signatures can be detected in thick, reddish letters in the lower corners of the first four pages of each quire.

Quiring/collation (does not include end pages):

1–168 (f. 1–126), 176 (127–130, ?two missing after 126).

The initial writ of right patent is tested at Nottingham on 15 Sep. in year 4 of a King Edward. We conclude in the introduction to the Analysis of Writs that that Edward is most likely Edward II, and that the year is 1310. The conclusion to the Analysis argues that the register is pretty much what we would expect for that year.

The last folio that has medieval writing on it has an extract from Domesday for Melksham, co. Wilts. The extract is written in a 14th-century script, probably later than that of the main manuscript, but not much later. On the same page as the Domesday of Melksham is the name Wappenbury in a 17th–century script. Below this and crossed-out in 16th–century court hand is ‘W.ion’s’, which may be W. Jones. Wappenbury we can probably add to Baker’s provenance; Jones only if we dare. If we do dare, and want to speculate, William Jones III or IV in Baker’s Men of Court 2:952 are both possible. There is a third entry between the two, also crossed out, that may be fully legible under uv. What is legible on the image suggests that it records the receipt of the manuscript by Wappenbury.

Speculation is to the original owner is difficult. The only thing that the register contains other than the register itself is the Domesday of Melksham. That is certainly not enough to conclude that the original owner was an attorney, but it may be enough to suggest that he might have been. A study of the marginalia that are not part of the original text might reveal more. We can, however, conclude, as we do in the conclusion to the Analysis of Writs, that this is a not particularly good copy of a quite full and up-to-date register that was in circulation in the early 14th century.


Summary Contents

Clicking on the item in question will open the first sequence for the item in the PDS in a new tab or window.


  Seq. Fol. No. Item  
4–33f. 1r–15v1Writs of right, including recordari 
34–35f. 16r–16v2Ecclesiastical writs 
37–43f. 17v–20v3Ecclesiastical writs: Consultation 
44–47f. 21r–22v4De terra replegianda 
47–52f. 22v–25r5Waste 
52–77f. 25r–37v6Ecclesiastical writs: Prohibition 
77–85f. 37v–41v7Waste 
86–111f. 42r–54v8Replevin 
111–129f. 54v–63v9Trespass 
129–146f. 63v–72r10Criminal 
146–159f. 72r–78v11Charters of pardon 
159–165f. 78v–81v12Rights in land (1) 
166–172f. 82r–85r13Account 
172–176f. 85r–87r14Brevia de statutis (1) 
176–185f. 87r–91v15Rights in land (2) 
185–185f. 91v–91v16Debt 
186–187f. 92r–92v17De turnis vicecomitis 
187–193f. 92v–95v18Wardship 
194–207f. 96r–102v19Brevia de statutis (2) 
207–220f. 102v–109r20Nove disseisine 
220–225f. 109r–111v21De morte antecessoris 
226–230f. 112r–114r22De avo et consanguineo 
231–237f. 114v–117v23Entry: Basic 
240–247f. 119r–122v24Entry: De intrusione 
248–255f. 123r–126v25Entry: Cui in vita 
255–256f. 126v–127r26Formedon 
257–262f. 127v–130r27Ad quod dampnum 
263–263f. 130v–130v28Extract from Doomsday concerning Melksham in Wiltshire 


Detailed Contents

Clicking on the sequence number will open that sequence in the PDS in a new tab or window.


Seq. Fol. Label Header Sig.  
2Front cover 
3Inside front cover, with bookplate of George Dunn and notes 
41rWrits of right, including recordari 
  Note: (1) Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’. (2) Note ’Phillipps MS 24778’.
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Note: ?Page missing before this one.
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Note: This entry is written in a different script from the rest of the text and may be a survivor of what was there before the palimpsest was made.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
3416rEcclesiastical writs 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
3617rBlank except for headerConsultaciones 
3717vEcclesiastical writs: ConsultationConsultaciones 
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’.
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Marginalia: Yes.
4320vBlank except for headerConsultaciones 
4421rDe terra replegiandaDe terra replegianda 
4521vDe terra replegianda 
4622rDe terra replegianda 
4722vWasteDe vasto 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
4823rDe vasto 
4923vDe vasto 
5024rde vasto 
5124vDe vasto 
5225rEcclesiastical writs: Prohibition 
  Note: Carryover from previous page; more than half the page blank.
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
10049r?f iij 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
  Marginalia: Yes (unusual hand).
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
11255rDe trans’ 
11355vDe trans’ 
11456rDe trans’ 
11556vDe trans’ 
11657rDe trans’ 
12260rBlank except for foliation and pencilled layout 
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘O’.
13265rOdio et athia 
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
14672rCharters of pardonl j 
14873rl ij 
  Marginalia: Yes.
15275rPlus sign 
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Marginalia: Yes.
15978vRights in land (1) 
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’.
  Note: (1) Carryover from previous page. (2) Footer: Ad thesaurium pred’ [different hand].
  Note: This is a duplicate of f. 83v.
17285rBrevia de statutis (1) 
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Note: Large gap in text suggesting a missing writ.
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
17687rRights in land (2) 
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Marginalia: Yes.
18692rDe turnis vicecomitisDe turnis vicecomitis 
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Marginalia: Yes.
18993vDe execucione Custodie 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
19194vDe herede rapto 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
19295rDe herede raptoYes 
19496rBrevia de statutis (2)Brevia de statutis 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
19596vBrevia de statutis 
19697rBrevia de statutis?m iii 
19898rAttachiamentum super brevibus de statutism iiii 
19998vQuod clerici non ponantur in assisis 
20099rcapiatur finis pro pulcre placitando 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
20199vBlank except for pencilled layout 
202100rDe coronatore eligendo 
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’.
204101rDe nocumento domus 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’.
  Marginalia: Yes.
207102vNove disseisine 
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘E’. (2) Carryover indicating quire break.
209103vNove disseisine 
210104rNove disseisineYes 
211104vNove disseisine 
212105rNove disseisineYes 
  Note: Decorated initials ’R’.
213105vNove disseisine 
214106rNove disseisine?II iii 
215106vNove disseisine 
216107rNove disseisinePlus sign 
217107vNove disseisine 
218108rNove disseisine 
  Marginalia: Yes.
220109rDe morte antecessorisDe morte antecessoris 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
  Note: 2 line carryover from previous page.
226112rDe avo et consanguineo 
231114vEntry: Basic 
239118vBlank except for pencilled layout, header, and carryover 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
240119rEntry: De intrusione 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘P’.
  Marginalia: Yes.
248123rEntry: Cui in vita 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘P’.
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
  Note: ?Page missing before this one.
257127vAd quod dampnumSi sit ad dampnum de Cantaria 
  Marginalia: Yes.
  Note: New hand.
  Note: Carryover from previous page.
  Marginalia: Yes.
263130vExtract from Domesday concerning Melksham in WiltshireTerra Regis 
  Note: (1) New hand. Notes of ownership at bottom, some crossed out. (2) Folio missing after this one.
264no f.Blank 
265no f.Blank 
266no f.Blank except for pen trials 
267no f.Notes 
  Note: Limited text obscured by mold.
268no f.Notes 
  Note: Page torn, significant damage to text.
269no f.Blank 
270Inside back cover, with bookplate, From the Library of George Dunn, Gift of the Alumni of the Harvard Law School 
271Back cover 


Preliminary Analysis of the Register of Writs



No heading found




41rAliter; Aliter; Aliter pro abbate; De recto de communa pasture; Aliter; Breve de recto patens; Aliter ballivis honoris; Regula; Aliter de honorem in Londonia; Regula.82
51vRegula; Breve patens domino feodi; Regula; Aliter; Regula; Attachiamentum quando dominus Curiam recusat recipere breve et Curiam suam tenere.32
62rRegula; Regula; Regula; Archiep’; Abbati’; De recto Archiepiscopatis et Episcopatis; Regula.33
72vDe recto ballivis Regis sede vacante; Aliter ballivis electi; Aliter custodi terre et heredis; Aliter; Aliter; De recto in quinque portubus; Regula; De recto de dote; Regula; Regula.73
83rAliter; Regula; Aliter; Regula; De racionabili parce; Regula.31
93vDe eodem cum partem habeat et partem non; Littera quando dominus Curie remittit Curiam suam domino Regi; De recto quando dominus remittit Curiam suam Regi; Regula; Regula; Regula.32
104rAliter; Precipe in capite; Regula; De recto secundum consuetudinem manerii; Regula; Aliter; Aliter; De recto ne iniuste vexes.63
114vSecundum consuetudinem manerii de communa pasture; De falso iudicio; Regula; De eodem in Curia alicuius.32
125rAliter; Regula; Nota; Record’ quando tenens dicit se non debere placitari nisi coram Rege vel capitali Iusticiario suo.21
135vCausa; ?Et Nota; De execucione iudicii in Comitatu; Nota.22
146rRegula; De eodem in Londonia; De eodem in Curia aliter; De eodem sicut alias; De execucione cum placito.41
156vAttachiamentum inde.11
167rRegula; Regula; De magna assisa eligenda; Regula; Prohibicio quando tenens posuit se in magnam assisam in Comitatu; De eodem in Curia alicuius.32
177vAliter in Curia; De pace in Gavelkynd; Regula; De pace de consuetudinibus et serviciis; Regula; De procedendo in loquela que est de gracia.43
188rde mittendo quatuor milites ad videndum quod plena iusticia exhibeatur; De eodem sicut alias; Regula; De recordo et racionabili iudicio habendo; De eodem aliter.42
198vDe eodem sicut alias; De eodem cum pluries; Regula; Regula; Monstravit pro hominibus de dominico Regis.31
209rDe eodem vicecomiti; Regula; Attachiamentum inde.21
219vde attornato de eodem; de attornato in brevi de recto; Regula; de attornato in Londonia quando aliquis vocat ad Warantum; Dedimus potestatem de.43
2210rAttornato ammovendo et alium substituendo; de attornato ammovendo et alium substituendo; De duobus attornatis ammovendis et alium substituendo; de attornato ammovendo et nummum substituendo; Regula.44
2310vde attornato ammovendo et alio substituendo; de attornato de falso iudicio; de attornato ne iniuste vexes.33
2411rDe Warante de servicio Regis; Aliter.21
2511vDe communi summonicione in Itinere Iustic’; Pone pro petente in brevi de recto; Regula; Regula; Regula.22
2612rRegula; Pone pro defendente; Causa.22
2712vQuod supersedeant Cur’ con’ placitum ?tinetur coram iustic’; Sicut alias.22
2813rDe eodem in antiquo dominico.10
Note: ?Page missing before this one.
2913vDe eodem Londonie; de attornato in eodem; Regula.20
3014r[De inquirendo utrum manerium sit de antiquo dominico pro eo quod cepit bona hominum suorum pendente attachiamento].11
Note: This entry is written in a different script from the rest of the text and may be a survivor of what was there before the palimpsest was made.
3315vDe terra replegianda; Aliter; Regula.21
3416rRegula; De advocacione ecclesie; Regula; De ultima presentacione; Attincta de eodem.32
3516vAttincta facta super inquisicionem per breve de ultima presentacione; de attornato super ultima presentacione; Quare impedit pro Rege.33
3717vConsultacionesConsultacio de mortuariis.11
3818rConsultacionesAliter de decimis; Aliter de execucione.20
3918vConsultacionesAliter de trans’.10
4019rConsultacionesAliter de usura; Aliter depencione animali.20
4119vConsultacionesDe spoliacione decimarum.11
4220rConsultacionesDe violenta ?manum iniecione in clericum.11
4421rDe terra replegiandaAliter; Regula; Quod supersediant cur’ donec placitum Waranto ?ietur coram Iusticiariis.21
4521vDe terra replegiandaAliter sicut alias; de eodem in antiquo dominico.20
4622rDe terra replegiandaRegula; De eodem in Londonia; de attornato ?medenit.21
4722vDe vastoRegula; De vasto; Aliter; Aliter; Nota.31
4823rDe vastoDe vasto in custodia; de vasto ad terminum vite; Aliter ad terminum vite seu per legem Anglie; Aliter per legem Anglie; Aliter ad terminum vite ne annorum.52
4923vDe vastoAliter; Aliter ad terminum vite pro magistro hospitalis; Aliter; Aliter.40
5024rde vastoAliter ad terminum vite; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter ad terminum assignacionis.40
5124vDe vastoAliter ad terminum vite; Aliter; Aliter; de vasto quando alique est infra etatem; Regula.41
5225rAliter; Aliter de vicaria; Regula; Prohibicio ne admitta.31
5325vAliter racione custodie; Regula; Quare non admisit; Regula; Attachiamentum in le grade impedit pro Rege; Ne Episcopus conferat alicui ecclesiam.43
5426rRegula; Quare incumbravit; Breve de utrum.22
5526vRegula; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; De attornato de utrum.41
5727vProhibicio de advocacione ecclesie; Attachiamentum inde; De eodem pro Rege; De eodem de hospitali; De eodem de prebenda; Attachiamentum.63
5828rRegula; Breve de indicavit; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter parti.41
5928vAliter quando aliquis clamat de advocacione Regis; prohibicio de catallis et debitis; Attachiamentum inde; Regula.32
6029rProhibicio de laico feodo; Regula; Attachiamentum inde; Prohibicio de catallis et debitis pro Rege; Attachiamentum inde.44
6129vProhibicio de laico feodo pro clericis beneficatis; prohibicio de dominicis terris Regis; Attachiamentum.33
6230rProhibicio de trans’; Aliter parti; de attornato in eodem; de attornato in eodem pro clericis; Attachiamentum inde.52
6330vAliter pro beneficiatis; Attachiamentum inde; De certificando si placitum pendeat in Banco super breve quare impedit; De eodem Episcopo.42
6431r[Inquest into royal rights].11
6531vNe quis trahatur in causam extra regnum; Aliter.21
6632r[To a bishop concerning royal rights].11
6732vAttachiamentum ne quis compareat extra regnum; Ne persona compellatur ad faciendum residenciam dum moratur in obsequis Regis; Prohibicio pro ballivis Regis formatis.33
6933vde attornato de querente de consuetudinibus et serviciis; De annua pensione racione nove creacionis.22
7034rRegula; De excommunicato capiendo; Aliter; Regula; De excommunicato deliberando ad denunciacionem communem Episcopi.32
7134vRegula; De eodem quando Episcopus idoneam caucionem admittere recusavit; De eodem vicecomiti.20
7235rQuando iudex maliciose capi procurat post attachiamentum; De excommunicato recapiendo.22
7335vRegula; De excommunicato capiendo; Aliter; Regula; De excommunicato deliberando ad denunciacionem Episcopi.32
7436rQuod excommunicatus pendente appellacione non capiatur.11
7536vProhibicio de recognicione de debitis; Quando iudex maliciose aliquem capi procurat post attachiamentum de laico feodo.22
7637rProhibicio pro conservacione pacis; Littera deprecatoria domino Rege de vagant’ cap’.22
7737vBreve de eodem; Regula; De vasto in dotem; Aliter; Aliter quando habet virum.41
7838rAliter; Regula; De vasto in custodia; De vasto ad terminum vite; Aliter ad terminum vite seu per legem Anglie; Aliter per legem Anglie.52
7938vAliter ad terminum vite vel annorum; Aliter; Ad terminum vite pro magistro hospitalis; Aliter.41
8039rAliter; Aliter ad terminum vite; Aliter; Aliter; Ad terminum ex assignacione.51
8139vAliter ad terminum vite; Aliter; Aliter; De vasto quando aliquis est infra etatem; Regula; De vasto parco boscus tenetur pro indiviso.52
8240rDe eodem quando boscus et turbaria tenentur pro indiviso; De particione facienda; Aliter; Aliter; Regula.41
8340vDe vasto racionabilis estoverii; De eodem coram Iusticiariis de Banco; Aliter; De vasto occasione racionabilis estoverii.42
8441rAliter; Aliter ex assignacione; Regula; Aliter ex assignacione; Aliter; Aliter.50
8541vDe vasto ex assignacione; Aliter versus executores; Aliter ex assignacione; Nota; de attornato in brevi de vasto; Aliter.52
8642rDe averiis replegiandis; De eodem sicut alias; Regula; De averiis replegiandis non obstante libertate.32
8742vDe averiis captis in Wuthernamium.11
8843rDe eodem sicut alias; Regula; De averiis replegiandis cum pluries.21
8943vAttachiamentum inde; Aliter de catallis.21
9044rDe custode admittendo de diversis capitulis; Recordari de averiis; Aliter in ?su’.32
9144vRegula; Pone de averiis pro petente; Regula; Pone de averiis pro defendente; Causa; Causa; Causa.55
9245rCausa; Causa; Causa; Causa; Causa; Causa.66
9345vCausa; Causa; Causa; Causa; Causa; Causa; Causa pro petente; Causa; Causa; Nota.99
9446rCum pluries.11
9546vNota; De homine replegiando; Sicut alias; Cum pluries.33
9647rAttachiamentum; Replegiari Foresta.22
9747vDe averiis replegiandis quando vicecomes non returnat breve per tangit se ipsum; De recapcione averiorum.22
9848rDe eodem post le pone; De recapcione averiorum post recordari.21
9948vDe eodem sine brevi; De averiii fugatis de uno comitatu in aliud W primum capitulo xvi Marleberg’ iiito; Aliter ad loca ignota; De averiis rescussis; Aliter.52
10049rDe eodem; Aliter; Aliter de averiis; Aliter; Aliter.50
10149vDe eodem; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Regula.40
10250rAliter; Regula.10
10350vDe parco fracto; De eodem; Aliter; Aliter; De eodem; Aliter.61
10451rRegula; De averiis captis extra feodum alicui sive in regia ?statut’ Marl’ capitulo viii; Aliter in capitulo secundo.21
10551vQuod nullus distringatur propter convenc’ aut trans’ extra ballivas factas; Aliter attachiamentum; Parti ne sequatur.32
10652rDe execucione iudicii; Regula; De iurata ??.22
10752vAttachiamentum; Regula.11
10853rDe nativis habendis; Quando per minus temporis manserit in dominico; Regula; Pone de nativis; De libertate probanda.44
10953vRegula; De eodem; De auxilio habendo ad distringendum villanos de tallagio habendo; De auxilio habendo ad primogenitam filiam maritandam; Attachiamentum.43
11054rDe scutagio habendo; Sicut alias; Collectoribus scutagii.33
11154vDe minis de predicto B; Aliter de incendio domorum; Attachiamentum; De trans’ in comitatu; De bonis asportatis [crossed out].54
11255rDe trans’De insultu in comitatu; De bonis asportatis; De libera falda prostrata; De ovibus adductis; De eodem; De carta fracta; De piscaria; De equis abductis; De ?T.98
11355vDe trans’Aliter de bone; De averiis imparcatis sine alimento; De bonis asportatis pro executoribus; De trans’ contra Regem; De forcero fracto; De cista; De imprisonamento; Aliter de bonis asportatis.86
11456rDe trans’De clauso fracto et arboribus succisis; De herba depasta; De turbis fossis; De aresto; De Warenna fugata; De averiis imparcatis ab ?? ca’ raciona’.66
11556vDe trans’De cignis interfecis et equis; de cignis et ancis asportatis; De pullis esparvariorum; De domo fracto; De denar’ sigill’ signat’; De ovibus captis in Reg’ fracta; Aliter pro execut’ e termino.76
11657rDe trans’De barreis fractis; De parco fracto; De fine deliberacione habenda; De denariis asportatis; Aliter; De averiis ductis ad loca ignota; De averiis carucarum captis contra statutum coram Iusticiariis.76
11757vDe averiis fugatis de uno Comitatu in alium; De parco fracto et averiis abductis; De rescussu averiorum; Aliter pro amerciamento; Pro consuetudinibus et serviciis; Aliter in feodo; Aliter de annuo redditu.74
11858rPro execucione iudicii; Pro Ballivis Regis; Aliter de homine; Aliter; De averiis captis extra feodum sive in Regia strata.53
11958vAliter coram Rege quando disclam’ tenere de eo qui fecit distr’; ne quis attach’ de convencionibus extra ballivam factis; Attachiamentum inde; De trans’ contra proteccionem.43
12059rDe gurgite fracto; De feno submerso; De transgressione facta muliere habente virum; De trans’ in quinque portubus; Aliter coram iusticiariis assignatis; De trans’ de execucione.65
12159vde attornato in brevi de trans’ coram Iustic’; Aliter coram Rege; De trans’ panis et cervisie; Aliter.42
12360vde recordo et processu de trans’; de recordo et processu; Regula; De inquis’ de trans’; de eodem contra proteccionem Regis.43
12461rInquisicio de aqueducto; audita querela de trans’ in quinque portubus; Audita querela de trans’; De eo in Londonia.44
12561vaudita querela de disseisina; De eodem ibidem de morte antecessoris; audita querela in Cestria; audiendo et terminando.43
12662rInde vicecomiti; Aliter; Aliter.31
12762vAliter; Aliter.20
12863rDedimus potestatem; Quando vicecomes recusat dare billam.22
12963vRegula; De conspiracione.11
13064rAliter de eodem; Aliter; Aliter in Curia.30
13164vWrectoAliter coram custode pacis; De Wrecko maris; De trans’ panis et cervisie.32
13265rOdio et athiaRegula; De odio et atia.11
13365vRegula; De ponend’ per ballivum; Aliter de eodem.21
13466rInquisicio de escaeta; De escaeta collata per Regem.22
13566vInquisicio de anno et die magna carta capitulo xxxio; De escaeta.22
13667rDe modo et causa capciones trans’; De modo et causa capcionis in prisona; Aliter escaet’; De seisina de anno et die.43
13767vDiem clausto extremum; De seisina post inquisicionem habenda; De inquirendo de quo tenuto terras.33
13868rDe recordo de morte hominis; De recordo utlagarie; De appello de morte hominis; Quando sequitur pro morte viri sui.44
13968vRegula; De appello roberie mahem’ vel raptus; De appello de morte hominis removendo; De gaola deliberanda breve clausum.33
14069rPatens inde; De bono et malo; Si omnes intercesse non possuit.33
14169vDe gaola deliberanda pro certo tempore; De bono et malo pro tonsura monete; De ?ponito in exigend’ deliberand’.33
14270rAliter de eodem; De inquisicione facta de malefactoribus.21
14370vDe prisona ducenda de una gaola in aliam; De eodem recipiendo.21
14672r[null]; Carta perdonacia de morte hominis.22
14772vAliter de eodem; Aliter; Aliter; De eodem ad certum tempus; Quod Carta perdonacionis allocatur.51
14873rDe pace proclamanda; Aliter de eodem; Aliter de pace proclamanda.31
14973vDe libertatibus coram iusticiariis assignatis; De recordo habendo coram iusticiariis assignatis; De eodem.32
15074rDe recordo cuiusdam inquisicionis facte de fuga; De recordo et processu pro eo qui utlagatus est in brevi de compoto; De recordo et processu de morte hominis; De inquirendo per quos de malefactoribus.44
15174vAd audiendo et terminando qui suspenderunt homine in ecclesia.11
15275rde utlagaria removenda; De furtis reparandis; De purgacione facienda de ?? ?menacionis.33
15375vDe ponendo per ballivum aliquem ?adrundendo coram Rege; De bonis et catallis.22
15476rDe eodem; De exigendo faciendo.21
15576vQuod aliquis habeat de bonis suis vite ?intram; Quod capiatur ?disce’ns infra libertatem.22
15677rDe terris et tenementis alicuius suspend’ per furorem reddend’.11
15777vDe ?? ca’ interfeccionis alicuius; De recordo et processu utlagarie habendo; De inquirendo utrum aliquis se submersit per infortunium vel furore ductus.33
15878rNe fiat vastum de bonis alicuius imprisonati; ad deliberandum ?gaclas de trans’ p’t pacem proclam’ et appellum aud’ et term’; De fugitis restand’.33
15978vDe tenementis legatis secundum consuetudinem ville; De errore corrigendo in Londonia.22
16079rDe libertatibus utendis per cartas concessas alicui.11
16179v[Nota; ?Aliter]; De coronatore eligendo.21
16280rAliter; Marl’ capitulo xxio.21
16380v[?Aliter; ?Aliter]; Attachiamentum super breve quod nullus possit distr’ libere tenentes suos ad ?r’dendum de libero ten’ suo sine etc’.31
16481rDe senescalcia habenda; quod nullus implacitetur sine precepto Regis vel capitalis Iusticiarii; Quod nullus distringatur ad faciendum consuetudines vel servicia que de iure facere non debet; de attornato inde; De eodem in Banco; De eodem; De dominico blade molare sine multura.75
16581vDe eodem in comitatu; De molendino reparando quando tenetur pro indiviso.21
16682rDe compoto in comitatu; Aliter pro executoribus W secundum capitulo xiiio; Aliter pro executoribus mercatoris; Aliter ad Bancum; Regula; Nota; De ballivis non habentibus terras vel tenementa m’ capitulo xxiio secundum capitulo xio.52
16782vRegula; De eodem in London; De ballivo capto per falsam suggestionem.21
16883rNota; De compoto in socagio Marl’ capitulo xvio; Aliter.21
16983v?Med’; Aliter pro viro et uxore eius; Pone de compoto; Causa pro defendente; de attornato de compoto; De ballivo arestando pro arreragiis compoti Marl’ capitulo xxiio W secundum capitulo xio.65
17184v?Med’; Aliter pro viro et uxore eius; Pone de compoto; Causa pro defendente; de attornato de compoto; De ballivo arestando pro arreragiis compoti Marl’ capitulo xxiio W secundum capitulo xio.65
Note: This is a duplicate of f. 83v.
17285rNota; De huiusmodi imprisonato deliberando W secundum capitulo xio.11
17385vDe imprisonato deliberando quando invenit manucaptor’ in cancellaria.11
17486rAliter thesaurario et baronibus.10
Note: Large gap in text suggesting a missing writ.
17586vQuando ballivus evasit de carcere; Quod nullus implacitetur de libero tenemento suo sine brevi Regis Marl’ capitulo xxio; Aliter.32
17687rDe corporali sacro’ non prestando; De secta ad molendinum; De secta facienda ad molendinum; Aliter ad Bancum; Regula.43
17787vDe dominico blado molere sine multura; Aliter in comitatu; de molendino reparando intento pro indiviso; De domo reparanda; De pontibus et stagnis reparandis; Regula; De Walleis et fossatis reparandis.65
17888rRegula; De ponte reparanda; Aliter de via reparanda; Aliter; Aliter pro ponte.41
17988vAliter; Aliter.20
18089rDe Curia claudenda; Aliter; Pone de eodem; Ne fiat secta quod facere non debet; Ne fiat secta ad molendinum; Aliter; Regula.63
18189vDe aqua haurienda; De grege adaquando; De libero tauro; De racionabili estoverio; de attornato inde; De chiminio habendo; De libera piscaria; De libera falda; de libero passagio; De communa pasture.1010
18290rAliter; Aliter; Aliter pro abbate; De recto de communa pasture; Aliter.51
18390vRegula; Aliter de habendo certum numerum carcatarum de bosco alterius; De admensuracione commune pasture; de attornato inde.32
18491rDe secunda superoneracione; Quo iure; Regula.22
18591vDe racionabilibus divisis; regula; De perambulacione facienda; de debito in comitatu; Aliter.54
18692rDe turnis vicecomitisDe turnis vicecomitis pro religiosis Marl’ capitulo xo; Pro mulieribus Marl’ capitulo xo; Regula; Marl’ capitulo xo; Pro illis qui habent tenementa in diversis hundredis; Attachiamentum inde.55
18792vAliter contra ballivos; Aliter de visu quando plures sunt domini; Attachiamentum de visu franciplegii; De custodia terre et heredis in Comitatu habend’; Pone de eodem; De eodem in Banco.62
18893rDe corpore heredis reddendo; De custodia terre sine herede corpore habenda; De eodem racione donacionis; de custodia terre et heredis in socagio; de custodia heredis corpore in socagio; Regula.54
18993vDe execucione CustodieDe eieccione custodie dimisse pro executoribus; De corpore heredis reddendo executoribus; de attornato de custodia terre et heredis; Regula de eieccione custodie; De eieccione custodie.44
19094rAliter; De eodem racione dimissionis; Regula; Aliter de prioratu.30
19194vDe herede raptoDe eieccione custodie in socagio; De herede rapto in custodia; De herede rapto et maritato.33
19295rDe herede raptoDe herede maritato sine licencia custodis racione custodie; De eodem racione dimissionis; De herede rapto contra statutum; W’ primo capitulo xl; Regula.43
19496rBrevia de statutisQuod Barones non ponantur in assisis; Quod Cives vel Burgenses non ponantur in assisis; Quod perpetuo languidi et non ponantur in assisis; Quod homines etatem LXX annorum non ponantur in assisis; Attachiamentum inde.55
19596vBrevia de statutisAliter contra ballivas; Quod non commorantes in patria tempore sum’ non ponantur in assisis; Aliter; Quod homines de antiquo dominico non ponantur in assisis.42
19697rBrevia de statutisQuod non veniant ad turnum vicecomitis; W secundo capitulo xl iii Quod homines xl s’ terre vel redditus non habentes non ponantur in assisis; Quod homines C’ S’ etc’ non ponantur in assisis extra Comitatum.33
19797vAttachiamentum inde; Quod nullus implacitetur de libero tenemento suo sine precepto Regis; Quod nullus distringatur iurare contra statutum; Patens ne quis ponatur in assisis.44
19898rAttachiamentum super brevibus de statutisQuod proximus heres propinquior sit ad hereditatem emendam; Attachiamentum inde.22
19998vQuod clerici non ponantur in assisisQuod clerici non ponantur in assisis.11
20099rcapiatur finis pro pulcre placitandoNe capiatur finis pro pulcre placitando Marl’ capitulo xio; W’o primo capitulo xiio; Attachiamentum inde.33
202100rDe coronatore eligendoDe coronatore eligendo; W’o primo capitulo xiiiio; De uno coronatore removendo et alio eligendo; Quod Coronator non ponatur in assisis extra Comitatum; De viridario eligendo.55
203100vQuod non ponatur viridarius in assisis; Quod forestarii viridarii et huiusmodi non ponantur in assisis etc’ extra forestam.22
204101rDe nocumento domusDe nocumento domus muri virgulti porte ovile molendini pontis gurgitis fabrice; Regula; Quod permittat.22
205101vDe stagno; De via regia; De cursu aque; Regula; Pone de eodem; de attornato de eodem; De domo ruinosa; De mercato levato.75
207102vDe assisa coram Rege; De eodem ad Bancum; Ad primam assisam; De communa pasture ad primam assisam.43
208103rBreve de commune; Regula; Aliter ante matrimonium; Regula; Patens inde.32
209103vNove disseisineDe communa pastura; Patens inde; Quando tenementum est in confinio comitatuum; Regula; Aliter.43
210104rNove disseisineDe communa pasture in confinio comitatuum; Patens deserviens utrique; De fossato stagno sepibus et hiis silibus.33
211104vNove disseisinePatens inde; De via obstructa; De cursu aque diverso; Patens deserviens utrique.44
212105rNove disseisinePatens inde; Regula; de attornato in assisa nove disseisine; Aliter.32
213105vNove disseisineQuando unus iusticiarius vacare non potest capcioni assise; Patens inde; De iusticiario constituendo loco ipsius qui mortuus est.33
214106rNove disseisineDe eodem; De eodem vicecomiti; De associacione.31
215106vNove disseisinePatens inde; Quando duo associantur duobus; Patens inde.33
216107rNove disseisineQuod si non omnes; Quod capiant omnes assisas non exspectata presencia; Quando unus vacare non potest.33
217107vNove disseisineQuod omnibus aliis pretermissis capiant omnes assisas; Quod unus Iusticiarius capiat assisas cum aliis que in sui defectum ceperunt dilacione.22
218108rNove disseisineIusticiaria ad omnes assisas; De eodem vicecomiti.21
219108vQuod procedant non obstante statuto; Quod iusticiarii supersedeant quando assisa tangit personam suam.22
220109rDe morte antecessorisDe morte antecessoris; Aliter.21
221109vAliter; Patens inde; Regula; Assisa mortis antecessoris in banco vel coram Rege.32
222110rRegula; De eodem ad primam assisam ve coram iusticiariis assignatis pro infra etatem existentem; Regula; Quando plures sunt tenentes.21
224111rAttincta morte antecessoris; Patens inde.22
226112rDe avo et avia; De consanguinitate; Nuper obiit de racionabile parte; Regula; De eodem.43
227112vRegula; De ventre inspiciendo.11
228113rRegula; Quare eiecit infra terminum; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter.41
229113vDe bonis asportatis in eodem; De escaeta per bastardiam; De escaeta pro defectu heredis; De escaeta per feloniam commissam.43
230114rAliter de eodem.10
231114vDe ingressu ad terminum qui preteriit; Regula; De eodem in secundo gradu; De eodem post dimissionem; De eodem cum titulo; De eodem in le cui.51
232115rDe eodem in le post; De ingressu dum aliquis non fuit compos mentis sue; De eodem cum titulo; De eodem in tercio gradu; De eodem post dimissionem.51
233115vDe ingressu dum aliquis fuerit infra etatem; De eodem in le cui; De eodem post dimissionem; De eodem cum titulo; De eodem in le cui; De eodem post dimissionem; De ingressu per disseisinam.72
234116rDe eodem in le cui; De eodem in le post; De eodem cum titulo; De eodem in secundo gradu; De eodem in tercio gradu; De eodem post dimissionem; Regula.60
235116vDe ingressu post disseisinam factam Religiosis; Cui in vita pro muliere; De eodem in le cui.32
236117rDe eodem post dimissionem; De eodem per secundum viri; Cui in vita pro herede mulieris; Aliter; De eodem post dimissionem; De ten’ alienat’ ante divorcium.62
237117vRegula; De eodem.10
240119rDe ingressu per illam qui tenuit in dotem in primo gradu; Aliter in secundo gradu; post dimissionem; Aliter quando recuperavit dotem per consideracionem curie; De eodem per assignacionem; De ingressu per intrusionem post mortem ten’ in dotem.63
241119vAliter post intrusionem; Aliter per assignacionem; Aliter in dotem per assignacionem.30
242120rAliter in speciali casu; De ingressu ad terminum vite in casu speciali.21
243120vAliter post dimissionem; De ingressu per legem Anglie; Regula; Per intrusionem post mortem tenentur per legem Anglie; Regula.32
244121rDe ingressu per alienacionem tenent’ ad vitam in consimili casu; aliter de eodem; Aliter post dimissionem; Aliter cum titulo in primo gradu; Aliter de eodem; Aliter.61
245121vAliter post dimissionem; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter post dimissionem.40
246122rDe ingresso de dote alienato contra statutum Glouc’; Glouc’ capitulo ixo; De eodem in secundo grado; Aliter post dimissione; Aliter per assignacionem; De ingressu per alienacionem tenent’ per legem Anglie in consimili casu.63
247122vAliter post dimissione in feodo talliato; Aliter per assignacionem.20
248123rDe ingressu cui in vita quando mulier clamat tenere ad vitam; Aliter in feodo talliato; De ingressu causa matrimonii prelocuti; De ingressu cui in vita de dote; In secundo gradu.54
249123vAliter post dimissionem; Cui in vita in primo gradu quando clamat feodum; In secundo gradu; In le post; Cui ante devorcium in primo gradu; De ingressu super statutum Glouc’.65
250124rAliter quando mulier recuperavit dotem; Aliter in le post; De ingressu sine assensu Capituli; Aliter pro Abbate.41
251124vIn secundo gradu; Post; De ingressu magistri hospitalis sine assensu fratrum; De eodem per ballivum Abbatis; Aliter per ballivum sine assensu; De ingressu per canonicum prebende.64
252125rCessavit de Cantarii; Cessavit biennium primo gradu Glouc’ capitulo vio W secundo xxio; Aliter post dimissione; Aliter cum titulo.42
253125vIn secundo gradu; Post; Aliter contra Religiosos; Aliter quando reddenda est tercia vel quarta pars veri valoris; Post.53
254126rIn secundo gradu; Aliter cum titulo; In secundo gradu; Post; De ten’ alienat’ contra formam collacionis; De ingressu pro Rege.65
255126vForma donacionis in le descendere; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Regula; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; [Aliter in liberum maritagium].91
256127rAliter; Aliter in le defendere; Forma donacione in le reverti; Forma donacione in le remanere; Aliter [?erased].52
257127vSi sit ad dampnum de CantariaAd quod dampnum.11
260129rNota; Aliter in le remanere; Aliter de redditu percipiendo assignato ad Cantariam.20
261129vQuando tenentur de Rege in capite; Aliter in le retinere.21




While this register contains only a few more writs than MS 24 (507 vs. 471) (using the second of the two totals), and, using the first of the two counts, which is closer to what Hall used for ‘R’, somewhat fewer (819) than Hall’s ‘R’ (886), it is closer to Hall’s ‘R’ in both its structure and its contents than is MS 24.

The structure requires some discussion. We suspect that there was misbinding in the exemplar from which this register was copied. (It is less likely that there is in the manuscript itself, both because the quiring seems regular and the items that are out of position do not correspond to where the quire-breaks are; many do not even begin a folio.) Fol. 15v ends with De terra replegianda positioned where we would expect find it at the end of the long section on right (cf. Hall’s R73, 74, 75) and just before the writ of right of advowson (fol. 16r). But the header De terra replegianda returns again fol. 21v–22r following a series of writs of consultation. Although the only named writ on these folios is a supersedeas until the justices can hear a claim of warranty, it looks as if this folio continues from 15v. On fol. 22v we begin a series of waste writs, marked as such in the headers, which run to fol. 24v, but fol. 25r begins a series of ecclesiastical writs that look as if they belong with the group that runs from fol. 16r–21r. (The headers are missing here.) These run basically to fol. 37v, where another series of waste writs begins, which run to fol. 42r, where replevin begins. These writs run to fol. 54v where we find De minis, then De bonis asportatis, and the header De trans’ begins on fol. 55r.

Despite the apparent jumble, the grouping seems clear enough. If we put together what seems to go together, we get the following groups with their approximate proportions of coverages: Right (12%), Ecclesiastical (17%), Waste (7%), Replevin (10%), Trespass (7%), Criminal (7%), Pardons (5%), Account (3%), Writs on statutes (2%), Rights in land (6%), Debt (0%), Local courts (0%), Wardship (2%), Assizes (7%), Novel disseisin (5%), Mort d’ancestor (3%), Entry (6%), Formedon (0%), Ad quod dampnum (2%). (The categories that show as 0% are all there, but occupy less than half a folio.) Waste is pretty clearly broken out and is substantial (7%). Whether this expansion is the result of having finally come to grips with Marlborough, c. 23, and Gloucester, c. 5, is a question that can be asked but not answered here. New categories have emerged. Although there is a writ of pardon in the criminal section of MS 24, this is the first time that that we have seen a separate category of pardons with substantial coverage (5%). This is also the first time that we have seen a header ‘Brevia de statuto’. We will not see it again until mid-century. In MS 52 it is applied to what we have called ‘Assizes’, though the appellation is appropriate because most, if not all, of the writs in this section could be thought to have been derived from Westminster II, c. 38. We have applied it to an earlier section that does not have a heading, where we find a collection of writs at the end of account said in the marginalia to be derived from statutes: Westminster II, c. 11 and Marlborough, c. 21 (22 in S.R.). The former concerns the imprisonment of accountants. The latter is cited, somewhat tendentiously, for the proposition ‘Quod nullus implacitetur de libero tenemento suo sine brevi Regis’. New too, is the group of writs Ad quod dampnum, at the end where they are also found in Hall’s register ‘R’, and where they will continue to be found throughout the 14th century and beyond. This section may be a later addition; it is written in a different hand.

Not only are there new contents in the register that are like those in ‘R’, but the older contents have been brought up to date. Entry knows writs in the post. Formedon is firmly separated from entry, and the three writs that ultimately were derived from c. 1 of Westminster II are there and given with their proper names. The jumble in the middle of MS 24 seems to have been broken into more definite categories. Debt and Local courts (view of frankpledge) are skimpy but there. The idiosyncratic size of the criminal category in MS 24 has been reduced to a more normal size.