The Harvard Law School’s Collection
of Medieval English Statute Books and
Registers of Writs

Ames Projects

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HLS MS No. 39

England. Statutes Magna Carta to 21 (27) Edw. I
Registrum brevium; Tracts

ca. 1293 (ca. 1299)



<Preliminary introduction>

The HOLLIS cataloguing may be found here. The following items are worth repeating:

“Description: 164 leaves : vellum ; 20 cm.

“Summary: The version of the Magna Carta is the one issued by Henry III in 1225 and confirmed by Edward I in 1297. The statutes are solely those of Edward I. The first writ in the register is by Hugh de Scoter against Richard de Brugo for a messuage in Appleby, Westmorland. The tracts are: Distinctio socagii; Fet asaver (leaves 106r-117r); Hengham Magna and Parva (leaves 117r-138v); Judicium essoniorum (leaves 138r-143v); Cadit assisa (leaves 143v-149v); Modus componendi brevia (leaves 149v-152v); Ordo exceptionum (leaves 153r-157v); Quot modis dicitur exceptio; Tractatus de corona (leaves 157v-159v); Summa bastardiae (leaves 159v-163r). On leaves 326-327 are notes of decisions by Bereford C.J.

Notes: “Date of manuscript uncertain. S. de Ricci dates it to ‘between 1294 and 1297 with some later additions’; J.H. Baker, English Legal Manuscripts, gives date as late 13th or early 14th century.

“Written by an English scribe, long lines, 30 to a full page.

“Rubricated in blue and red, with several ornamental pen letters and marginal decorations, including a few grotesques.”

The cataloguing in Baker’s English Legal Manuscripts, 1, no. 64 reads as follows:


“MS. 39.

“Late C.xiii or early C.xiv, 164 ff. The statutes are solely of Edward I. The first writ in the register is by Hugh de Scoter against Richard de Burgo for a messuage in Appleby, Westmorland. The tracts are: Distinctio socagii; Fet asaver; Hengham Magna and Parva; Judicium essoniorum; Cadit assisa; Modus componendi brevia; Ordo exceptionum; Quot modis dicitur exceptio; Tractatus de corona (‘Eodem modo quo quis feloniam facere . . .’); Summa bastardie. On pp. 326 and 327 are notes of decisions by Bereford C.J.

“‘Hungerford’ (C.xv); ‘This MS. came out of the library of Dame Eliz. Maude of Laughern near Carmarthen’ (C.xvii, on a slip); armorial bookplate of Charles Joseph Harford (mid-C.xix); his sale, S. 24 April 1899, no. 896, to Leighton for George Dunn; his sale, S. 11 Feb. 1913, no. 157; bought privately by HLS.

Census, I, 1030, no. 39; Hengham, lxxv, no. 38; Early Registers, xxvi.”

Both HOLLIS and Baker are mistaken in saying that the statutes are solely those of Edward I. In addition to the 1225 version of the Charter (HOLLIS misleadingly says that it is the version confirmed by Edward I in 1297), the manuscript contains both Merton and Marlborough. As indicated at the end of this Introduction, we think that we can tie down the date of this manuscript a bit more precisely than do HOLLIS and Baker. Less serious is the fact that ‘Hugh de Brugo’ in HOLLIS should be Hugh de Burgo.

The manuscript measures approximately 200 X 145 mm.

The binding is early modern and in good condition, although the front cover is rather loose. The spine is embossed with the manuscript title in gold leaf. Cloth guards are visible between the covers and the basically blank endpapers at the beginning and end. These endpapers, which include pencilled layout marks, appear to have been part of the original manuscript.

The condition of the manuscript is generally very good, with clear and legible handwriting and little damage. One folio is missing after fol. 19, and the initial and final bifolia each have one folio cut out. The quality deteriorates toward the end of the manuscript, where small tears appear in greater number and pages are increasingly darkened possibly by water damage.

The initial capitals in most places are unusually large and elaborately decorated in red and blue with scrollwork issuing into the margins. The open design of these capitals suggests the possibility that additional color was to have been added later. Other, smaller initials are decorated in the same colors with less extravagant scrollwork; a few of these initials were left undrawn. There are red and blue paragraph marks throughout, some of which have been artistically embellished. There are several marginal decorations, a few grotesques, and no miniatures.

Most, perhaps all, of the folios of the main manuscript are laid out in pencil with lines for a header, 30 lines of text, and a large space at the bottom. Some of the text lines have been nearly or wholly erased; pricking in the margin indicates where they once were.

The manuscript has 164 folios and two freestanding endpapers, one at each end. It has two sets of pencilled foliation marks. The first, which counts both faces of each folio and hence is pagination rather than foliation, starts in Roman numerals at the beginning of the text and switches at fol. 108v to Hindu-Arabic numerals (the hand appears to be the same). This set of pagination marks continues throughout the text, excluding the blank front and back endpapers. It does not account for the missing folio after fol. 19, so we can infer that it was added after that folio was lost. The second set of foliation marks counts only the front face of each folio. It is fully Hindu-Arabic and in a different hand from the first set. It appears for the first time at the bottom of fol. 91r, continuing sporadically through fol. 160r. Its absence from many of the intervening folios may be due to trimming. The digital foliation aligns with the second set of marks in the manuscript but continues across the whole text, leaving the binding, scraps, and front and back endpapers unfoliated. We have included the pagination in our digital foliation, in some cases correcting errors in the pagination in the manuscript, but have otherwise not used the pagination.

The manuscript has 15 quires of 10 folios and two quaterions; the endpapers were bifolia but a folio has been cut out of each, leaving a rather wide strip in the gutter. In three of the quires, the final pages contain text in different, less formal hands than that of the main manuscript; an example would be the notes of decisions at the manuscript’s end. These less formal pages may have been left blank at first and filled with text some time later. Signature marks appear on the initial folios of the first seven quires, and most quires have carryovers on their final pages. Those that do not either end with later-added text or, in one case, lack a final folio. This gives us the following collation:

Collation: i (unfoliated, a second endpaper has been cut out), 1-510 (f. 1-49), 68 (f. 50-58), 7-910 (f. 59-86), 108 (f. 87-95), 11-1710 (f. 96-unfoliated), ii (unfoliated, a second endpaper has been cut out).

George Dunn’s pencilled notes are found on the front pastedown and freestanding endpaper. In his list of contents, he mentioned as the last statute chronologically De illis qui debent poni in assisis which he dated to 22 Edw. 1 (1293–4). S.R. has it as 21 Edw. 1 (1293). De Ricci probably got the 1294 date from Dunn’s contents and also probably noted that Magna Carta was in the 1225 version and not that of 1297. Hence, De Ricci’s bracketing dates of 1294 X 1297.

We think that Dunn and De Ricci got it basically right, and that there is no particular reason to date this manuscript vaguely as coming from the end of the 13th or the beginning of the 14th century, or ‘uncertain’ as HOLLIS has it. The problem is made a bit more complicated by the fact that the blank folios after the end of the main section of statutes and before the beginning of the register of writs (fol. 66v–67v) were filled in a different, but contemporary, hands with a number of items, one of which is called ‘De terris amortizandis’ but is, in fact, the Ordinatio de libertatibus perquirendis, 27 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:131) (1299). When, however, we couple the supposed ending date of the main text of the statute-book with the fact, as explained in the Conclusion to the Writs table, that the register is quite old-fashioned even for the 1290s, we have some confidence in dating this manuscript ca. 1293, with additions ca. 1299.


Summary Contents

Clicking on the item in question will open the first sequence for the item in the PDS in a new tab or window.


  Seq. Fol. No. Item  
6–11f. 1r–3v1Magna Carta (S.R. ?1:17–19) 
11–14f. 3v–5r2Forest Charter (S.R. ?1:20–1) 
14–18f. 5r–7r3Provisions of Merton, 20 Hen. 3 (S.R. 1:1–4) 
18–26f. 7r–11r4Statute of Marlborough, 52 Hen. 3 (S.R. 1:19–25) 
26–43f. 11r–19v5Statute of Westminster I, 3 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:26–39) 
44–48f. 20r–22r6Statute of Gloucester, chapters, 6 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:47–50) 
48–49f. 22r–22v7‘Explanation’ of statute of Gloucester, 6 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:50) 
49–93f. 22v–44v8Statute of Westminster II, 13 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:71–95) 
93–94f. 44v–45r9Districtiones scaccarii, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:197 [ter] – 198) 
94–98f. 45r–47r10‘Statutes of the Exchequer’, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:197 [semel] – [ter]) 
99–103f. 47v–49v11Statute of merchants (Acton Burnell), 11 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:53–4) 
103–105f. 49v–50v12Statute of Exeter, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:210–12) 
105–109f. 50v–52v13Articles on the statute of Exeter (Not in S.R.) 
109–112f. 52v–54r14Statutum de quo warranto, 18 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:107) 
112f. 54r15Statutum de quo warranto novum, 18 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:107) 
112–113f. 54r–54v16Statutum de iusticiariis assignatis, 21 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:112) 
114–117f. 55r–56v17Statute of Winchester, 13 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:96–8) 
117–118f. 56v–57r18Articles of inquiry on the statute of Winchester, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:245–6) 
118f. 57r19Statute of conspirators, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:216) 
118–120f. 57r–58r20Statutum de illis qui debent poni in iuratis et assisis, 21 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:113) 
120f. 58r21Modus calumpniandi essoniam, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:217–18) 
121–122f. 58v–59r22Statute of Westminster III, 18 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:106) 
122–123f. 59r–59v23Circumspecte agatis, 13 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:101–2) 
123–124f. 59v–60r24De viris religiosis, 7 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:51) 
124–125f. 60r–60v25Extenta manerii, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:242–3) 
126–126f. 61r–61r26View of frankpledge, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:246–7) 
127–128f. 61v–62r27Assize of bread and ale, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:199–200) 
128–130f. 62r–63r28Judicium pillorie, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:201–2) 
130f. 63r29Dies communes in banco, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:208) 
130–131f. 63r–63v30Dies communes de dote, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:208) 
131–132f. 63v–64r31Statutum de homagio et fidelitate faciendis, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:227–8) 
132–133f. 64r–64v32Statutum de militibus, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:229) 
133–135f. 64v–65v33Statutum de moneta, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:219 [semel] – 219 [bis]) 
135–136f. 65v–66r34Articuli monete, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:219 [bis]) 
136–137f. 66r–66v35Assize of bread and ale, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:200–1 note) 
137f. 66v36Assize of Bread and Ale, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:200–1 note) (another) 
137f. 66v37Statutum de admensuratione terre, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:206–7) 
137–138f. 66v–67r38Ordinatio de libertatibus perquirendis, 27 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:131) 
138–139f. 67r–67v39De bigamis, 4 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:42–3) 
139–140f. 67v–68r40Distinctiones socagii (Not in S.R.) 
140–209f. 68r–102v41Registrum brevium (Not in S.R.) 
140–143f. 68r–69v41_aWrits of right, including recordari 
143–148f. 69v–72r41_bWrits of right: De recto secundum consuetudinem manerii 
148–148f. 72r–72r41_cWrits of right: De falso iudicio 
151–154f. 73v–75r41_dEcclesiastical writs: Basic 
154–163f. 75r–79v41_eEcclesiastical writs: Prohibition 
163–165f. 79v–80v41_fEcclesiastical writs: De excommunicato capiendo 
165–172f. 80v–84r41_gReplevin 
172–174f. 84r–85r41_hCriminal 
174–182f. 85r–89r41_iMiscellaneous rights in land 
182–187f. 89r–91v41_jAnnuity, including mesne 
187–188f. 91v–92r41_kWardship 
188–191f. 92r–93v41_lDower 
191–195f. 93v–95v41_mNovel disseisin: Basic 
195–196f. 95v–96r41_nNovel disseisin: Redisseisin 
196–198f. 96r–97r41_oMort d’ancestor 
198–200f. 97r–98r41_pDe avo et consanguineo 
200–203f. 98r–99v41_qQuare eiecit 
203–207f. 99v–101v41_rEntry 
207–209f. 101v–102v41_sMiscellaneous 
210–212f. 103r–104r42Prerogativa regis, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:226–7) 
213–214f. 104v–105r43Consuetudines Cantiae, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:223–5) 
216–238f. 106r–117r44Fet asaver (Not in S.R.) 
238–267f. 117r–131v45Hengham magna (Not in S.R.) 
267–281f. 131v–138v46Hengham parva (Not in S.R.) 
281–291f. 138v–143v47Judicium essoniorum (Not in S.R.) 
291–303f. 143v–149v48Cadit assisa (Not in S.R.) 
303–309f. 149v–152v49Modus componendi brevia (Not in S.R.) 
310–318f. 153r–157r50Ordo exceptionum (Not in S.R.) 
319f. 157v51Modus exceptionum (Not in S.R.) 
319–323f. 157v–159v52Tractatus de corona ( Not in S.R.) 
323–330f. 159v–163r53Summa bastardie (Not in S.R.) 
331–333f. 163v–164v54Later notes (Not in S.R.) 


Detailed Contents

Clicking on the sequence number will open that sequence in the PDS in a new tab or window.


Seq. Fol. Label Header Cap. Sig.  
1no fol., no sig.Spine 
2no fol., no sig.Front cover 
3no fol., no sig.Inside front cover, with label, From the Library of George Dunn of Wooley Hall Near Maidenhead 
  Note: The pastedown also contains pencilled notes of George Dunn (faint but legible), an armorial bookplate of Charles Joseph Harford, F.A.S., and various modern library marks. There is handwriting in ink at the bottom of the page, which we have not attempted to decipher.
4no fol., no sig.Blank except for pencilled layout and table of contents in George Dunn’s hand 
5no fol., no sig.Blank except for pencilled layout 
61r (p. 1)Magna Carta (1225), 9 Hen. 3 (S.R. 1:22–5 [1st numbering]). (S.R. 1:22–5 [1st numbering])i 
  Heading: Magna Carta.
  Note: (1) Elaborately decorated initial ‘H’. (2) The charter is issued in the name of King Henry and is tested 11 February in year 2. 11 February was the day on which 1225 charter was tested, and although we have not done a full collation, the text would seem to be that of the 1225 charter. The same mistaken regnal year is also in the charter of the Forest that follows. Rather than a misreading, the regnal year may reflect a confusion, since the 1216 charter was issued in year 2, but had a very different attestation clause, since the young king did not yet have a seal. Whatever the cause of the confusion, the presence of the 1225 charter here certainly suggests that it was copied before 1297, when the confirmation copy of Edward I became the official copy.
71v (p. 2)magna 
82r (p. 3)carta 
92v (p. 4)magna 
103r (p. 5)carta 
113v (p. 6)Forest Charter (1225), 9 Hen. 3. (S.R. [1] Elaborately decorated initial ‘H’ [2] See the note on fol. 1r)Carta 
  Heading: Explicit magna carta de libertatum Anglia: Incipit carta de foresta.
  Note: (1) Elaborately decorated initial ‘H’. (2) See the note on fol. 1r
124r (p. 7)de foresta 
134v (p. 8)Carta 
145r (p. 9)Provisions of Merton, 20 Hen. 3. (S.R. 1:1–4)de foresta 
  Heading: Explicit carta de foresta: Incipit statutum de Merton’.
155v (p. 10)P’visione’ 
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘P’.
166r (p. 11)merton’ 
  Note: Hand points to c. 5.
176v (p. 12)P’vision’ 
187r (p. 13)Statute of Marlborough, 52 Hen. 3. (S.R. 1:19–25)de merton’ 
  Heading: Explicit statutum de merton’: Incipit statutum de marleberg’.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘A’.
197v (p. 14)Stat’ 
208r (p. 15)marlebr’ 
218v (p. 16)Stat’ 
229r (p. 17)Marlebr’ 
239v (p. 18)Stat’ 
2410r (p. 19)marlebr’ 
2510v (p. 20)Stat’ 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
2611r (p. 21)Statute of Westminster I, 3 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:26–39)marleb’ii 
  Heading: Explicit statutum marleberg’: Incipit statutum Westm’ primum.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘P’.
2711v (p. 22)Westm’ 
2812r (p. 23)Primu’ 
2912v (p. 24)Westm’ 
3013r (p. 25)Primu’ 
3113v (p. 26)Westm’ 
3214r (p. 27)Primu’ 
3314v (p. 28)Westm’ 
3415r (p. 29)Primu’ 
3515v (p. 30)Westm’ 
3616r (p. 31)Primu’ 
3716v (p. 32)Westm’ 
3817r (p. 33)Primu’ 
3917v (p. 34)Westm’ 
4018r (p. 35)Primu’ 
4118v (p. 36)Westm’ 
4219r (p. 37)Primu’ 
4319v (p. 38)Westm’ 
  Note: The page ends in the middle of the Statute of Westminster I. Dunn notes: ‘Leaf gone’.
4420r (p. 39)Statute of Gloucester, 6 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:47–50)Glouc’iii 
  Note: The page begins in the middle of the Statute of Gloucester.
4520v (p. 40)Stat’ 
4621r (p. 41)Glouc’ 
4721v (p. 42)Stat’ 
4822r (p. 43)‘Explanation’ of statute of Gloucester, 6 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:50)Glouc’ 
  Heading: Explicit statutum Gloucest’: Incipiunt explanaciones eiusdem.
4922v (p. 44)Statute of Westminster II, 13 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:71–95)Explan’ Glouc’ 
  Heading: Expliciunt explanaciones Gloucest’: Incipit statutum Westm’ secundum.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initials ‘P’ and ‘C’.
5023r (p. 45)Westm’ sc’dm 
5123v (p. 46)Westm’ 
5224r (p. 47)Sc’dm 
5324v (p. 48)Westm’ 
5425r (p. 49)Sc’dm 
5525v (p. 50)Westm’ 
5626r (p. 51)Sc’dm 
5726v (p. 52)Westm’ 
5827r (p. 53)Sc’dm 
5927v (p. 54)Westm’ 
6028r (p. 55)Sc’dm 
  Note: Embellished paragraph mark.
6128v (p. 56)Westm’ 
6229r (p. 57)Sc’dm 
6329v (p. 58)Westm’ 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
6430r (p. 59)Sc’dmiiii 
6530v (p. 60)Westm’ 
6631r (p. 61)Sc’dm 
6731v (p. 62)Westm’ 
6832r (p. 63)Sc’dm 
6932v (p. 64)Westm’ 
7033r (p. 65)Sc’dm 
7133v (p. 66)Westm’ 
7234r (p. 67)Sc’dm 
7334v (p. 68)Westm’ 
7435r (p. 69)Sc’dm 
7535v (p. 70)Westm’ 
7636r (p. 71)Sc’dm 
7736v (p. 72)Westm’ 
7837r (p. 73)Sc’dm 
7937v (p. 74)Westm’ 
8038r (p. 75)Sc’dm 
8138v (p. 76)Westm’ 
8239r (p. 77)Sc’dm 
8339v (p. 78)Westm’iiij 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
8440r (p. 79)Sc’dmv 
8540v (p. 80)Westm’ 
8641r (p. 81)Sc’dm 
8741v (p. 82)Westm’ 
8842r (p. 83)Sc’dm 
8942v (p. 84)Westm’ 
9043r (p. 85)Sc’dm 
9143v (p. 86)Westm’ 
9244r (p. 87)Sc’dm 
9344v (p. 88)Districtiones scaccarii, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:197 [ter] – 198)Distr’ 
  Heading: Explicit statutum Westm’ secundum: Incipiunt districciones scacarii.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘P’.
9445r (p. 89)‘Statutes of the Exchequer’, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:197 [semel] – [ter])sc’carii 
  Heading: Expliciunt districciones scacarii: Incipit statutum scacarii.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘L’.
9545v (p. 90)Stat’ 
9646r (p. 91)sc’carii 
9746v (p. 92)Stat’ 
9847r (p. 93)Sc’carii 
9947v (p. 94)Statute of merchants (Acton Burnell), 11 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:53–4)Stat’ 
  Heading: Explicit statutum scacarii: Incipit statutum de mercatoribus.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘P’.
10048r (p. 95)de m’catoribz 
10148v (p. 96)Stat’ 
10249r (p. 97)de m’catoribz 
10349v (p. 98)Statute of Exeter, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:210–12)Stat’v 
  Heading: Explicit statutum de mercatoribus: Sequitur statutum Exon’.
  Note: (1) Elaborately decorated initial ‘C’. (2) Carryover indicating quire break.
10450r (p. 99)Exon’vi 
10550v (p. 100)Articles on the statute of Exeter. (Not in S.R.)Stat’ Exon’ 
  Heading: Explicit statutum Exon’: Incipiunt articuli eiusdem.
10651r (p. 101)Artic’li Exon’ 
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘P’.
10751v (p. 102)Artic’li 
10852r (p. 103)Exon’ 
10952v (p. 104)Statutum de quo warranto, 18 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:107)Quo Wara’to 
  Heading: Explicit articuli Exon’: Incipit quo Waranto veteri.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘A’.
11053r (p. 105)Veteri 
11153v (p. 106)Quo Waranto veter’ 
11254r (p. 107)(1) Statutum de quo warranto novum, 18 Edw. 1. (2) Statutum de iusticiariis assignatis, 21 Edw. 1. (S.R. [1] 1:107 [2] 1:11)Quo Waranto Novo 
  Heading: (1) Explicit quo Waranto veteri: Incipit quo Waranto novo. (2) Explicit quo Waranto novo: Sequitur statutum de Justic’ assignatis.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initials ‘P’ and ‘A’.
11354v (p. 108)Ragman 
11455r (p. 109)Statute of Winchester, 13 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:96–8)Stat’ Wynton’ 
  Heading: Explicit statutum de justic’ assignatis: Sequitur statutum Wynton’.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘P’.
11555v (p. 110)Stat’ 
11656r (p. 111)Wynton’ 
11756v (p. 112)Articles of inquiry on the statute of Winchester, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:245–6)Articuli Wynton’ 
  Heading: Explicit statutum Wynton’: Incipiunt articuli eiusdem.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘M’.
11857r (p. 113)(1) Statute of conspirators, temp. incert. (2) Statutum de illis qui debent poni in iuratis et assisis, 21 Edw. 1. (S.R. [1] 1:216 [2] 1:11)de conspir’ 
  Heading: (1) Expliciunt articuli Wynton’: Incipit statutum de conspiratoribus. (2) Explicit statutum de conspiratoribus: Sequitur qui ponendi sunt in assis’.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘D’.
11957v (p. 114)Pone’di su’t In assi’ 
  Note: (1) Elaborately decorated initial ‘Q’. (2) Carryover indicating quire break.
12058r (p. 115)Modus calumpniandi essonia, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:217–18)modus calu’pn’ esson’vii 
  Heading: Explicit statutum qui ponendi sunt in assisis: Incipit modus calumpniandi essonia.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘N’.
12158v (p. 116)Statute of Westminster III, 18 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:106)de Ingr’u feod’ 
  Heading: Explicit modus calumpniandi essonia: Incipit statutum de ingressu feodorum.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘Q’.
12259r (p. 117)Circumspecte agatis, 13 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:101–2)Regia p’hibic’o 
  Heading: Explicit statutum de ingressu feodorum: Incipiunt articuli prohibicionum.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘R’.
12359v (p. 118)Statute De viris religiosis, 7 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:51)Stat’ 
  Heading: Explicit articuli prohibicionum: Incipit statutum de Religiosis.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘C’.
12460r (p. 119)Extenta manerii, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:242–3)De Relig’ 
  Heading: Explicit statutum de Religiosis: Sequitur extenta manerii.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘I’.
12560v (p. 120)Exte’ta manerii 
  Heading: Explicit extenta manerii.
12661r (p. 121)View of frankpledge, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:246–7)Visus francipl’ 
  Heading: Incipit visus franciplegii.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘P’.
12761v (p. 122)Assize of bread and ale, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:199–200)Ass’a panis 
  Heading: Explicit visus franciplegii: Incipit assisa panis etcervisie.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘Q’.
12862r (p. 123)Judicium pillorie, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:201–2)Et c’vis’ 
  Heading: Explicit assisa panis et cervisie: Incipit judicium pillorie et tumberelli.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘S’.
12962v (p. 124)Jud’iu’ pillor’ 
13063r (p. 125)(1) Dies communes in banco, temp. incert. (2) Dies communes de dote, temp. incert. (S.R. [1] 1:208 [2] 1:20)dies co’es in banco 
  Heading: (1) Explicit iudicium pillorie et tumberelli: Incipiunt dies communes in Banco. (2) Expliciunt dies communes in Banco: Incipiunt dies de dote.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘S’.
13163v (p. 126)Statutum de homagio et fidelitate faciendis, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:227–8)dies de dote in banco 
  Heading: Explicit dies communes in banco de dote: Incipit modus faciendi homagium et fidelitatem.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initials ‘S’ and ‘R’.
13264r (p. 127)Statutum de militibus, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:229)modus fac’ ho’ag’ & fidel’ 
  Heading: Explicit modus faciendi homagium et fidelitatem: Sequitur statutum de militibus.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘R’.
13364v (p. 128)Statutum de moneta, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:219 [semel] – 219 [bis])Stat’ de milit’ 
  Heading: Explicit statutum de militibus: Incipit statutum de moneta.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’.
13465r (p. 129)Stat’ de moneta 
13565v (p. 130)Articuli monete, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:219 [bis])Articuli monete 
  Heading: Explicit statutum de moneta: Incipiunt Articuli de moneta.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘C’.
13666r (p. 131)Assize of bread and ale, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:200 note)Composicio monete 
  Heading: (1) Expliciunt articuli de moneta: Sequitur composicio monete. (2) Explicit composicio monete.
  Note: (1) Elaborately decorated initial ‘P’. (2) This text is not in the main text of the assize in S.R. but is quite similar to the text given in the note in S.R. 1:200–1 from the Liber Horn.
13766v (p. 132)(1) Assize of Bread and Ale, temp. incert. (2) Statutum de admensuratione terre, temp. incert. (3) Ordinatio de libertatibus perquirendis, 27 Edw. 1. (S.R. [1] 1:200 note [2] 1:206–7 [3] 1:131)mensurac’o t’re 
  Heading: (1) Admensuracione terre. (2) Incipit statutum de terris amortizandis.
  Note: (1) No decorated initial capitals. The scribe has added a ‘p’ and ‘q’ where they ought to go. (2) The hand of these items is not the same as that of the main text, and the script is a bit more informal. These more informal hands run through fol. 67v. The hand of each of the three items on this page also does not seem to be the same. None of these hands, however, seems noticeably later than that of the main text. (3) The first text, which has no proper heading, is quite similar to the text called ‘Composicio monete’ on the preceding page. That text, however, is in French, and this one is in Latin. Neither seems to be a direct translation of the other. In addition to the comparison suggested on the preceding page with the note in S.R. 1:200–1, the first paragraph of S.R. 1:204 (Statute of Weights and Measures, temp. incert.) also contains similar material as does the note that accompanies it.
13867r (p. 133)Statute De bigamis, 4 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:42–3) 
  Heading: Incipit statutum de bigamis Explicit statutum de terris amortizandis.
  Note: The hand of these items would seem to be the same as the second hand on the preceding page.
13967v (p. 134)Distinctiones socagii. (Not in S.R.) 
  Heading: Explicit statutum de bigamis Incipit distinccio socagii.
  Note: (1) No decorated initial capital. (2) The hand of this item would seem to be different from, but contemporary with, that of the preceding item. (3) The tract on socage appears in a number of ‘statute books’ and elsewhere. See the extensive list given in Baker, Catalogue of Cambridge Legal Manuscripts, 97, to which add the HLS examples.
14068rWrits of right, including recordariRegistrum [different hand/ink] 
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’.
14369vWrits of right: De recto secundum consuetudinem manerii 
14872rWrits of right: De falso iudicio 
15173vEcclesiastical writs: Basic 
15475rEcclesiastical writs: Prohibition 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
16379vEcclesiastical writs: De excommunicato capiendo 
17485rMiscellaneous rights in land 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
18289rAnnuity, including mesne 
19193vNovel disseisin: Basic 
19595vNovel disseisin: Redisseisin 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
19696rMort d’ancestor 
19897rDe avo et consanguineo 
20098rQuare eiecit 
210103r (p. 205)Prerogativa regis, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:226–7) 
  Heading: Prerogativa Regis.
  Note: The style changes here: no decoration at all and no headers, but the hand may be same. If it is not it is quite similar to what precedes it.
211103v (p. 206) 
212104r (p. 207) 
213104v (p. 208)Consuetudines Cantiae, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:223–5) 
  Heading: Usage de Kent’.
  Note: (1) The hand of this item is contemporary but it looks different from what precedes it. (2) There appear to be substantial deviations between this text and that printed in S.R., but it does seem to be the same text.
214105r (p. 209) 
  Heading: Explicit.
215105v (p. 210)Blank 
216106r (p. 211)Fet asaver. (Not in S.R.)Fet asaver 
  Note: (1) Elaborately decorated initial ‘F’ with smaller decorated initial ‘A’. (2) Fet asaver is ed. George E. Woodbine, Four Thirteenth Century Law Tracts (New Haven, 1910), 53–115 (online).
217106v (p. 212)Fet 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘W’.
218107r (p. 213)Asaver 
219107v (p. 214)Fet 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’.
220108r (p. 215)Asaver 
221108v (p. 216)Fet 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’.
222109r (p. 217)Asaver 
223109v (p. 218)Fet 
224110r (p. 219)Asav’ 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’.
225110v (p. 220)Fet 
226111r (p. 221)Asaver 
227111v (p. 222)Fet 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘O’.
228112r (p. 223)Asaver 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’.
229112v (p. 224)Fet 
230113r (p. 225)Asaver 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘O’.
231113v (p. 226)Fet 
232114r (p. 227)Asav’ 
233114v (p. 228)Fet 
234115r (p. 229)Asaver 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘O’.
235115v (p. 230)Fet 
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘O’. (2) Carryover indicating quire break.
236116r (p. 231)Asaver 
237116v (p. 232)Fet 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘O’.
238117r (p. 233)Hengham magna. (Not in S.R.)Asaver 
  Heading: Explicit summa fet asaver: Incipit magna Hengham.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘L’.
239117v (p. 234)magna 
240118r (p. 235)hengham 
241118v (p. 236)magna 
  Note: Decorated initials ‘C’ and ‘C’.
242119r (p. 237)hengham 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘C’.
243119v (p. 238) 
244120r (p. 239) 
245120v (p. 240)magna 
246121r (p. 241)hengh’ 
247121v (p. 242)magna 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘C’.
248122r (p. 243)hengham 
249122v (p. 244)magna 
250123r (p. 245)hengham 
251123v (p. 246)magna 
252124r (p. 247)hengh’ 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘T’.
253124v (p. 248)magna 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘T’.
254125r (p. 249)hengh’ 
255125v (p. 250)magna 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
256126r (p. 251)hengham 
257126v (p. 252)magna 
258127r (p. 253)hengham 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘M’.
259127v (p. 254)magna 
260128r (p. 255)hengham 
  Note: Decorated initials ‘Q’ and ‘Q’.
261128v (p. 256)magna 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘S’.
262129r (p. 257)hengham 
263129v (p. 258)magna 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘Q’.
264130r (p. 259)hengh’ 
265130v (p. 260)magna 
266131r (p. 261)hengham 
267131v (p. 262)Hengham parva. (Not in S.R.)P’va 
  Heading: Explicit magna Hengham: Sequitur parva Hengham.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘N’.
268132r (p. 263)hengham 
269132v (p. 264)P’va 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘U’.
270133r (p. 265)hengh’ 
271133v (p. 266)P’va 
272134r (p. 267)hengham 
273134v (p. 268)P’va 
  Note: Decorated initials ‘D’ and ‘S’.
274135r (p. 269)hengham 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’.
275135v (p. 270)P’va 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
276136r (p. 271)hengham 
277136v (p. 272)P’va 
278137r (p. 273)hengham 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘D’.
279137v (p. 274)P’va 
280138r (p. 275)hengh’ 
281138v (p. 276)Judicium essoniorum. (Not in S.R.)Jud’m 
  Heading: Explicit parva Hengham: Sequitur Jud’m essonior’.
  Note: (1) Elaborately decorated initial ‘C’. (2) Judicum essoniorum is ed. George E. Woodbine, Four Thirteenth Century Law Tracts (New Haven, 1910), 27–38 (online). See also Paul Brand, ‘Nothing Which is New or Unique? A Reappraisal of Judicium Essoniorum’, in Peter Birks, ed., The Life of the Law: Proceedings of the Tenth British Legal History Conference (London, 1993), 1–8.
282139r (p. 277)Esson’ 
283139v (p. 278)Jud’m 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘S’.
284140r (p. 279)Esson’ 
285140v (p. 280)Jud’m 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘T’.
286141r (p. 281)Esson’ 
  Note: Decorated initials ‘Q’ and ‘Q’.
287141v (p. 282)Jud’mJud’m 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘S’.
288142r (p. 283)Esson’Esson’ 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘S’.
289142v (p. 284)Jud’mJud’m 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘O’.
290143r (p. 285)Esson’ 
291143v (p. 286)Cadit assisa. (Not in S.R.)Cadit 
  Heading: Explicit judicium essoniorum: Sequitur summa Cadit assisa.
  Note: (1) Elaborately decorated initial ‘C’. (2) Extensive list of manuscripts of this text, which is based on Bracton, fols. 271-78, given in Baker, Cambridge Legal Manuscripts, 78 includes this one.
292144r (p. 287)Ass’a 
293144v (p. 288)Cadit 
294145r (p. 289)Ass’a 
295145v (p. 290)Cadit 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
296146r (p. 291)Ass’a 
297146v (p. 292)Cadit 
298147r (p. 293)Ass’a 
299147v (p. 294)Cadit 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘U’.
300148r (p. 295)Ass’a 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘N’.
301148v (p. 296)Cadit 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘D’.
302149r (p. 297)Ass’a 
303149v (p. 298)Modus componendi brevia. (Not in S.R.)mod’ co’pon’ 
  Heading: Explicit summa cadit assisa: Incipit modus componendi Brevia.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘C’ and a smaller decorated initial ‘T’.
304150r (p. 299)Br’ia 
305150v (p. 300)mod’ co’pon’ 
306151r (p. 301)Br’ia 
307151v (p. 302)mod’ co’pon’ 
308152r (p. 303)Br’ia 
309152v (p. 304)mod’ co’pon’ Br’ia 
  Heading: Explicit modus componendi Brevia.
310153r (p. 305)Ordo exceptionum. (Not in S.R.)Ordo ex’onu’ 
  Heading: Incipit ordo excepcionum.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘C’.
311153v (p. 306)Ordo 
312154r (p. 307)Excepc’ 
313154v (p. 308)Ordo 
314155r (p. 309)Ex’onu’ 
315155v (p. 310)Ordo 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
316156r (p. 311)Excepcionu’ 
317156v (p. 312)Ordo 
318157r (p. 313)Excepc’ 
  Heading: Explicit ordo excepcionum.
319157v (p. 314)(1) Modus exceptionum. (2) Tractatus de corona. (S.R. [1] Not in S.R. [2] Not in S.R)Quot mod’ d’r excepc’o 
  Heading: (1) Incipit quot modis dicitur excepcio. (2) Explicit quot modis dicitur excepcio: Sequitur tractatus de corona.
  Note: (1) Elaborately decorated initials ‘N’ and ‘E’. (2) Modus exceptionum, also known as Quot modis dicitur exceptio, is a tract, unedited so far as we are aware, that appears in a number of ‘statute books’ and elsewhere. See the extensive list given in Baker, Catalogue of Cambridge Legal Manuscripts, 96–7. (3) Tractatus de corona is a short treatise, largely derived from Bracton, printed in Kaye, Placita corone, Appendix. Baker, Cambridge Legal Manuscripts, at 49, has an extensive list of manuscritps, including this one.
320158r (p. 315)Tractat’ de corona 
321158v (p. 316)Tractat’ 
322159r (p. 317)de corona 
323159v (p. 318)Summa bastardie. (Not in S.R.)S’ma 
  Heading: Explicit tractatus de corona: Incipit summa Bastardie.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘N’.
324160r (p. 319)Bastard’ 
325160v (p. 320)S’ma 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘N.
326161r (p. 321)Bastard’ 
327161v (p. 322)S’ma 
328162r (p. 323)Bastard’ 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘T’.
329162v (p. 324)S’ma 
330163r (p. 325)Bastard’ 
  Heading: Explicit summa Bastardie.
331163vMiscellaneous notes in informal hands. (Not in S.R.)?Jg’nt hunc dist’ 
  Note: Text written upside down. Our transcription of the header is almost certainly wrong. It might be possible to read it under uv. Another, very informal hand has written a judgement attributed to Bereford (?JCP). Below that, perhaps in the same hand as the header: ‘Si mea penna valet meleor mea littera fiet’. The script is probably 15th century. Above it is an erased name, which may the same as ‘Hungerford’, which appears on the next folio.
332164rMiscellaneous notes in informal hands. (Mostly not in S.R.) 
  Note: We have not done a full transcription. The page contains: (1) a couple of sample counts, (2) An apportionment of sacks of wool among various counties of England, (3) the signature in a 15th century hand of one Hungerford, (4) A rule of law attributed to Beresford (?JCP), (5) A faint date ‘A.D. 1342’ (6) A crude transcription of the statute De anno et die (40 Hen. 3, S.R. 1:7), (6) A count of the military fees, towns, parish churches, and counties in England.
333164vBadly faded ?medieval notes, possibly legible under uv 
334no fol., no sig.Blank except for pencilled layout 
335no fol., no sig.Blank 
336no fol., no sig.Scrap 
337no fol., no sig.Scrap verso 
338no fol., no sig.Scrap 
  Note: ‘This M.S. came out of the Library of Dame Eliza’ Maude of Laughern near Carmarthen’.
339no fol., no sig.Scrap verso 
340no fol., no sig.Inside back cover, with bookplate, From the Library of George Dunn, Gift of the Alumni of the Harvard Law School 
341no fol., no sig.Back cover 


Preliminary Analysis of the Register of Writs



Registrum brevium

The initial writ of right patent lacks an attestation clause and hence an important clue as to the date of the register. As will be seen below, however, the headings bear a distinct resemblance to those in MS 33, which we dated to 1277. Like MS 33, the limitation periods for both De nativo habendo and novel disseisin reflect the limitation periods in c. 39 of Westminster I. Like MS 33, the writs of entry are still dealing with three degrees, per and cui, and do not know post. They have thus not fully come to grips with c. 29 of Marlborough. Like MS 33, there are two writs of formedon, one in the descender, one in the reverter. The former is not in the form given in the statute (it seems to be garbled, and it is difficult to figure out just what it is), and the latter the statute itself says is already in ‘common use’ in the Chancery. Unlike MS 33, however, trespass is integrated into the main body of the register. This suggestion will be reinforced in the Conclusion where we will note a couple of items that are in MS 39 that are not in MS 33; the converse is never the case. Hence, we might be inclined to date this register just a bit later than MS 33, say ante 1285. Finally, like MS 33, there seem to be few, if any, filled-out attestation clauses, but a rather large number of what seem to be real names in the writs themselves. A careful examination of these, which we have not undertaken, could upset our tentative conclusion about the date of the register.

The following table gives the names of the writs as found in the marginalia and counts them. Two counts are given in the right-hand columns of the table. The first counts all the writs, excluding any marginalia marked ‘nota’ or ‘regula’. The second excludes from that total all the writs where the heading includes the words ‘eodem’ or ‘aliter’.



14068rRegistrum [different hand/ink]De recto ballivis; De eodem in Curia alicuius; Aliter de eodem; Aliter de eodem.41
14168vAliter quando feodum est militare; De eodem aliter; De eodem maritagio; Aliter; De racionabilis parte; De sokagio et honore.62
14269rBreve de recto directum custodi; De recto de dote; De eodem aliter; Breve directum Archiepiscopo et Episcopo; quando dominus est extra regnum; Cum dominus remittat Curiam suam dimini Regi; De eodem de dote.75
14369vPrecipe in capite; De servicio milit’; De recto secundum consuetudinem manerii; De recto quod dicitur ne iniuste vexes; De pace quando tenens posuerit se in magnam assisam.55
14470rDe eodem in Curia aliter; De eodem ballivis; De magna assisa eligenda; De pace in Gavelkynd; de iurata in gavelkynd.53
14570vDe pace de consuetudinibus et serviciis; De magna assisa eligenda de consuetudinibus et serviciis; Ad videndum quod plena iusticia exhibeatur.33
14671rDe eodem sicut alias; De recordo et racionabili iudicio; De eodem aliter; Quod ballivi procedant in loquela de gracia; De essonio de malo lecti.53
14771vde attornato faciendo pro langore; de attornato faciendo in brevi de recto.22
14872rDe amovendo unum attornatum substituere alium; Aliter de eodem; de attornato in brevi de falso iudicio.32
14972vDe warranto servic’ domini Regis; De communi summonicione; De falso iudicio in comitatu; de eodem Curia aliter.43
15073rDe eodem dominicis Regis; Pone ad peticionem petentis; Pone pro defendente.32
15173vMonstraverunt per hominibus de dominicis Regis; Aliter de eodem; Attachiamentum inde; De recto de advocacione ecclesie.43
15274rDe eodem ad bancum; De terra replegianda; De ultima presentacione.32
15374vAliter de eodem; Patens inde; De eodem racione custodie; De eodem vacacionibus ad bancum; Quare impedit; De eodem.62
15475rProhibicione admittat; Quare non admisit; De eodem.32
15575vQuare incumbravit; De terra legata; Breve quod dicitur utrum.33
15676rDe eadem coram Iusticiis assignatis; Patens inde; prohibicio de advocacione ecclesie; De eodem parti; Attachiamentum inde.54
15776vIndicavit; Aliter de eodem; Aliter de eodem; Prohibicio de catallis et debitis; De eodem parti; De layco feodo.63
15877rDe eodem parti; Attachiamentum inde; Attachiamentum de catallis et debitis; De catallis et debitis pro clericis beneficiat’; Attachiamentum inde; De layco feodo pro clericis.65
15977vPro clericis de advocacione ecclesiarum; Attachiamentum inde; Aliter de layco feodo; prohibicio de transgr’; Attachiamentum inde; De eodem.64
16078rProhibicio pro capella domini Regis; prohibicio formata; Aliter de eodem; Aliter de eodem.42
16178vProhibicio de districcione; prohibicio de separatis decimis; Alia prohibicio formata.33
16279rAliter de eodem; prohibicio que tangit placitum de raptu.21
16379vDe presentacione per Regem; Littera porrecta domino Regi ad vim laycam amovendam; De vi layca amovenda; De excommunicato capiendo.44
16480rDe excommunicato capto liberando; De eodem vicecomiti; Aliud ad eundem Episcopum.32
16580vQuod maliciose excommunicatus pedendente placito attachiamenti non capiatur; De averiis replegiandis; de eodem sicut alias.32
16681rDe averiis non obstate libertate replegiandis; Pone de averiis ad peticionem petentis; Pone ad peticionem de pendent’ q’ numquam sit su’ ca’ q’ separ’ poni’ debet non fine; Aliter de eodem; de catallis replegiandis; De eodem aliter.64
16781vDe averiis fugatis de uno comitatu in alium replegiandis; De averiis imparcatis et vi abductis; De averiis rescussis; De capcione averiorum quando capta st’ eadem occasione qua prius.44
16882rAliter de eodem; De moderata misericordia; Aliter de eodem vicecomiti; De nativis habendis.42
16982vAliter de eodem; Pone de nativo; De libertate probanda; Aliter de eodem; De auxilio habendo ad distringendum villanos.53
17083rDe tallagio habendo; De minis; De eadem aliter; De eodem si vicecomes recuset ?exec’ mandat’ Regis; De trans’ post pacem vad’ per brevem de minis.54
17183vDe eodem aliter; de homine replegiando; De eodem sic pluries.31
17284rDe eodem coronatore sicut non fecerit; De odio et athia; De ponendo per ballivum.32
17384vAliter de eodem; De recordo iusticiariis assignatis ad Gayolam deliberandam; De ponendo per ballivum de eodem; De appello de morte hominis; De raptu; De appello coram rege amovendo.64
17485rQuod nullus inplacitatur de libero tenemento sine brevi Regis; De secta facienda ad molendinum; De eodem ad bancum; Quod permittat villanos facere sectam; De blado dominico molendo sine multura; De auxilis ad primogenitam filiam maritandam; Quod permittat aquam haurire; De libero tauro habendo; De tauro abducto.98
17585vDe tauro interfecto; De animalibus adaquandis; De chimino habendo; De homagio capiendo; De libera piscaria; De exclusis levatis; De libera falda habenda; De cursu aque reddendo quod permittat; De puteo facto.99
17686rDe mercato levato; De domo levata; De eodem si transferatur ad aliam personam; Quando pater levavit; Inquisicio de transgr’; De transgressione; Aliter de eodem; De eodem aliter.85
17786vQuare vi et armis; Quare intrusit ante legitimam etatem; Ne fiat secta quod facere non debet ad comitatum vel hundredum etc’; De eodem ad Curiam aliter; De eodem ad molendinum; Ne fiat secta non per formam feoffamenti.64
17887rAttachiamentum post dictam prohibicioni; Ne diversi participes ad quos descendit aliquam hereditatem distr’ ad diversas sectas faciend’; Aliter de eodem; De compoto reddendo; De eodem in comitatu.53
17987vAliter de eodem; De eodem reddendo executoribus; De pontibus reperandis; Aliter de eodem; De walleis et fossatis reparandis; de Curia claudenda.63
18088rNe fiat vastum quando pro indiviso tenetur boscus; Aliter de eodem; Aliter de eodem; De recto de pastura; De communa pasture de assisa; Aliter de eodem.63
18188vDe pastura ad certum numerum averiorum; De eodem in comitatu; De eodem in terra alicuia; De admensuracione pasture; Quo iure; De racionabilibus dimisis quod ?sunt semper inter diversas villas; De perambulacione.75
18289rDe ventre inspiciendo; De medio in comitatu; De eodem coram iusticiariis.32
18389vIstud breve est de gra’ pro tenente; De annuo redditu; De eodem ad bancum; De debito in comitatu; Aliter de eodem.53
18490rDe eodem ad bancum; Ne plegii distringantur quamdiu principalis debitor habeat unde solvere ?presit; de plegio acquietando; Aliter de eodem ad bancum; de catallis reddendis; aliter de eodem ad bancum; De cartis reddendis; Aliter de eodem.84
18590vDe warranto carte; De consuetudinibus et serviciis; Aliter de eodem; De libero passagio habendo; De visu franciplegii; De emenda panis et cervisie.65
18691rDe convencione in comitatu; Aliter de eodem; Aliter de eodem; Aliter eodem; De sine facto; Aliter de eodem; Aliter de eodem.71
18791vDe eodem aliter; De custodia terre et heredis; Aliter de eodem; De eodem racione donacionis; De corpore habendo; De custodia terre sine corpore heredis; De custodia heredis et terre socag’; De custodia terre socag’ per se.85
18892rDe corpore heredis reddendo executoribus aliter ?defuncti; Aliter de eodem; De dote unde nichil habet; De eodem quando mater maritatur.42
18992vde eodem de assensu patris; De dote in denariis; De dote in Londonia; De admensuracione dotis per heredem ?eiri’; De accione facienda ad sectas curie; De eodem sic alias; De eodem in comitatu ?trich’ hundr’ vel wapentachia.74
19093rDe eodem quando hundredum non est domini Regis; De eodem ad loquelas prosequendas; de attornato pro litteras patentes; De eodem ad loquelas prosequendas; ??ator’ quod recipiatur attornatus.52
19193vAliter de eodem; Attachiamenta sequi’ dicta brevia de attornato; De nova disseisina de tenemento.32
19294rDe eodem coram iusticiariis assignatis; Patens inde; De eodem quando vir et uxor sunt coniunctim disseysiti; Aliter de eodem.41
19394vAliter de eodem quando militi sunt disseysitores; De fossato sepe stagno via et cursu aque diverso; Patens inde.32
19495rDe nove disseisina de communa pasture; Patens inde; Attincta super disseisinam secundum omnem diversitatem; Aliter de eodem; Patens inde singulis deserviens.54
19595vDe reddisseysina; Aliter de eodem; Aliter de eodem.31
19696rDe eodem pro illo qui infra etatem est; De eodem quando antecessor peregre propicissitur; De eodem quando antecessor habitum religionis assumpsit; Special’ iust’ in omn’ cau’ mortis antecessoris.41
19796vAliter de eodem; Patens inde; Attincta de morte antecessoris.32
19897rPatens inde; De avo et avia; De consanguinitate; Super obiit.44
19997vAliter de eodem; Aliter de eodem.20
20098rQuare eiecit; Aliter de eodem; Aliter de eodem; Aliter de eodem.41
20198vExchaetis per bastardiam; De eodem pro defectum heredis; Aliter de eodem; De eodem pro defectum hered’ in maritag’; De eodem per feloniam commissam; Per formam donacionis per descensum; De eodem in liberum maritagium.72
20299rDe permittendo prostituere fossatis; De permittendo reducere cursum aque; Inquisicio de exchaeta; Inquisicio de anno et die de wasto; De terra capitulo domino post annum et diem reddenda.55
20399vDe ingressu ad terminum qui preteriit in primo gradu; De eodem in secundo gradu; De eodem tercio gradu; De ingressu dum non sint compos mentis; Aliter de eodem; Aliter de eodem; De ingressu per disseisinam; Aliter de eodem; Aliter de eodem.93
204100rDe ingressu per custodem; Aliter de eodem; Aliter de eodem; De ingressu per mulierem que tenuit in dotem; De ingressu per intrusionem; De ingressu per utlagariam postmodum ad inchoatam; Aliter de eodem.74
205100vQuando tenementum alienatur a Rege; De ingressu ad terminum qui preteriit sine mencione graduum; De ingressu per custodem sine mencione graduum; De ingressu sine assensu Episcopi decani et capituli; De ingressu quando dominus Rex dimittat ad vitam recipientis; De ingressu per ballivum.66
206101rDe ingressu quando vir et mulier coniunctim feoffatur cui in vita; De ingressu causa matrimonii prelocuti; De ingressu per villanum; De anno et die in anno bisextili; Quod ingressu redditum in aliqua cur’ ?executur; De transgressionis ?sci’ Leonardi Ebor’.66
207101vBreve de proteccione clausum; Patens inde; Indempnitati.33
208102rQuando vocatur ad warrantum in Curia Baronis; De eodem ballivis Curie; De militis faciendis; Aliter de eodem.42
209102vQuando in perfeccione brevis non invenitur illud de pace; de attornato in plactio quod prius fuit coram iusticiariis itinerantibus et terminand’ ad bancum; De perdonacione pro morte hominis.33




The total number of writs in the register, 217, is very close to that in MS 33, and hence to Hall’s ‘CC’. The similarity to MS 33 does not stop there. As noted in the Introduction to this table the descriptions of the writs have a distinct verbal similarity to those in MS 33, though they are not the same, and the text of the writs is frequently not the same. The groups of writs are quite similar to those in MS 33: Right (12%), Ecclesiastical (25%), Replevin (10%), Criminal (3%), Rights in land (includes trespass, local courts, account, waste) (12%), Annuity, Mesne, Debt, Warranty of charter, Covenant (7%), Wardship (1%), Dower (4%), Novel disseisin (7%), Mort d’ancestor (6%), Ejectment (4%), Entry (6%), Miscellaneous (includes protection, pardon) (3%). Some of the differences are simply result of slightly different grouping on our part. For example, Annuity, etc. includes covenant, and wardship is a separate category in MS 39, whereas covenant is separate category in MS 33 and includes wardship. Some of the differences reflect different positions of subgroups in the two manuscripts. In MS 33 trespass is a separate subcategory tucked in at the end, whereas in MS 39 it is incorporated (if that is the right term) in Rights in land. All of the ecclesiastical writs are in one place in MS 39, whereas they are divided between the second and final positions in MS 33. Waste is buried in Ecclesiastical in MS 33; it is equally buried in Rights in land in MS 39. Local courts, a separate category in MS 33, is incorporated in Rights in land in MS 39. In the place of Local courts in MS 39, we find Ejectment (Quare eiecit). Neither the category nor the writ is found in MS 33. The Miscellaneous category at the end of MS 39 includes writs of protection and pardons, writs that are not found in MS 33. They will remain there and expand in later registers.