The Harvard Law School’s Collection
of Medieval English Statute Books and
Registers of Writs

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HLS MS No. 33

England. Statutes, Magna Carta to 35 Edw. 1; Britton; Tracts; Brevia placitata; Registrum brevium

ca. 1307



<Preliminary introduction>

The HOLLIS cataloguing may be found here. That cataloguing is fuller than most, and parts of it are worth repeating here:

“Description: 341 leaves : vellum ; 23 cm.

“Summary: Preceding the statutes are the following: A table of contents; the “capitula” of several statutes; Ista sunt vocabula Anglicana usitata in cartis antiquorum Regum Anglie exposita ab Alexandro Archidiacono Salopiensi secundum quod continetur in legibus Alueredi, Athelstani, & Edwardi Regum Anglie; Nimina diversarum consuetudinum; a summary showing the statutes applicable to certain cases.

“Thereafter the statutes contain: Constitutio synodalis Londonie celebrata per dominium Bonefacium Archiep. Cantaur; Statutum de conjunctione feoffatus. Westm. Edw. xxvij die Marcij anno regni nostri tricesimo; Statutum de mercatoribus editum apud Acton Burnell; Inquiratur de maneris terris seu tenementis que de domino rege . . . tenebatur per servicum militare.

“Then follow the general statutes: Magna carta regis (Henrici) de libertatibus regni; Carta de foresta; sentencia super cartas lata; Confirmatio domini regis super magnam cartam foreste; Confirmatio domini Archiepiscopi super cartas; Statutum quod vocatur nullum tallagium; Privisiones de Mertone; Statutum de Marleberge; Statutum primum Westmon; Statutum Gloucestr; Explanationes eorundem; Statutum Wesmon secundum; Statutum de scaccario; Statutum de districtionibus scaccarij; Capitula de itenere que tangunt coronam (the end of this and the beginning of the next are wanting); Articuli itineris; Statutum de mercatoribus; Statutum quo warranto; Statutum de Gauelot de London; Statutum novum quo warranto; Statutum de juratoribus; Statutum de prohibitionibus; Statutum de moneta; Dies communes in placito dotis; Statutum de religiosis; Statutum ad inquirend trangr’ (Rageman) . . . .

“Notes: Written in several legal hands in law-French and Latin.

“Rubricated with painted capitals in blue and red.

“Originally bound in brown calf by Clyde (ca. 1850); disbound and boxed ca. 1990.”

The cataloguing in Baker’s English Legal Manuscripts, 1, no. 59 reads as follows:


“MS. 33.

“Early C.xiv, 341 ff. Includes De antiquo dominico corone; Placita corone; Quot modis dicitur exceptio; Hengham Magna and Parva; Summa bastardie; Ordo exceptionum; Modus componendi brevia; Judicium essoniorum; Cadit assisa.

“Belonged to Bertram (d. 1878), 4th earl of Ashburnham (MS. 186 in App.), and to his son the 5th earl; his sale, S. 1 May 1899, no. 118, to Leighton for George Dunn; his sale, S. 12 Feb. 1913, no. 273; bought privately by HLS.

“Census, I, 1028-1029, no. 33; Hengham, lxxv, no. 37; Brevia Placitata, 66 SS xiv.”

The HOLLIS description of the contents of the manuscript is taken from the Sotheby’s catalogue for the Ashburnham sale of 1899, and is fairly accurate so far as it goes. (Corrections to the transcriptions of the titles, which contain a number of errors, will be found in the ‘heading’ section in the Detailed Contents.) Baker’s description seems to be confined to identifying some of the short treatises. Neither the HOLLIS cataloguer nor Baker seems to have compared the description in Sotheby’s catalogue for the Dunn sale. Had they done so, they would have discovered that this manuscript also contains the treatise known as Britton (fol. 122r–246v), a fact that does not seem to have been noticed since 1913. We seem to have all of it, but it is out of order, giving the impression that it is incomplete. Britton has not been edited since the nineteenth century. Anyone contemplating doing it should know that this manuscript seems to date from close to the traditional date given for the treatise (c. 1300).

Another item of considerable importance is also not mentioned in either description. The manuscript contains a version of Brevia placitata (fol. 264v–286v), quite different from the one edited by Turner and Plucknett (Selden Society no. 65). This fact, however, is quite well known, because that version of Brevia placitata is also the version that appears in HLS MS 24, substantial extracts from which were printed by Plucknett as an appendix to Turner’s edition of Brevia placitata, p. 183–216. Apparently the version in the two manuscripts was sufficiently close that Helen Cam was able to correct errors and doubtful readings in Horwood’s transcript of MS 24 by consulting MS 33.1

1 The missing link in the chain is Samuel E. Thorne, who at that time was the law librarian at Yale. He made a copy of Horwood’s transcription, which accompanied the manuscript when HLL acquired it, and transmitted it to Plucknett. Cam, who was teaching at Harvard at the time, checked Plucknett’s transcription against the original and MS 33.

There is a text of Casus placitorum in the manuscript (fol. 259r–262r). Its presence here does not seem to have been previously noted.

There are at least two collections of writs in the manuscript (fol. 286v–292v, a jumble; 293r–327r, a seemingly complete register). Hall, Early Registers, p. xxvi, notes the presence of a register in the manuscript, which he dates to the 14th century. Neither Baker nor HOLLIS mentions the register, and, once more, it turns out to be of some interest.

One can have some sympathy with previous cataloguers. The manuscript is something of a mess. The problems with the manuscript, moreover, antedate its nineteenth century binding. There are missing folios. It is not clear that the manuscript was originally in one piece, and figuring out how the pieces were originally constructed involves some guess-work. We have done what we can in the time available. We think we have a better idea of the various pieces than anyone before us has had. Careful study would probably reveal that we too have made mistakes.

The manuscript is approximately 240 X 150 mm.

A number of hands are at work. As a general matter, the script is less cursive than what is frequently found in legal manuscripts. This is particularly true of the register of writs, which is written in what is definitely a book hand rather than the semi-cursive hand typical of English legal manuscripts.

There are a few decorated initial capitals noted in the Detailed Contents, and a few miscellaneous drawings.

The nineteenth-century binding is not particularly distinguished and is now off the manuscript. Both the manuscript and the binding are kept in a box.

A large tear in fol. 225 has been sewn shut; a smaller one in fol. 112 does not affect the text. Some trimming seems to have taken place at the top, and occasionally on the sides, perhaps when the manuscript was bound. Otherwise, the condition of what are now unbound quires is quite good. Considering the interest of the contents (discussed below), the quires should be rebound.

There is a modern pencilled foliation that skips the initial and final endpapers and begins with the index to the statutes. We checked it digitally; it is accurate, and we used it.

There are medieval or early modern signature marks on some, but not all, of the quires. With one exception (where there is a missing folio), they seem to mark quire breaks that are now visible. The carryovers also indicate quire breaks. Beginning on fol. 86r, there are pencilled quire numbers, beginning with 9, in the lower left hand corner. They were probably put in when in the manuscript was rebound in the middle of the 19th century. The number 9 is repeated by mistake on fol. 98r. Our quire numbers are one higher on fol. 86r, probably because we counted that index of statutes at the beginning and the 19th-century binder did not. Starting with fol. 98r, they are two higher. Folio 132r brings the two numberings back to within one of each other. By skipping the bifolium that contains the contents of the register of writs, the 19th-century binder’s numbers, starting on fol. 307, are once more two lower than ours. In all cases our quire breaks correspond to those indicated by the numbers.

The quiring is somewhat irregular, but the basic unit seems to the sexternion. That is a bit odd, but HLS MS 12, which is roughly contemporary, is also quired in sexterions. We have not yet compared the quiring that we give below on the basis of the images with the actual manuscript. That should clear up some of the puzzles, because the manuscript is currently disbound. There are unlikely, however, to be any major surprises:

Collation: v (unfoliated endpages), 14 (f. 1–4), 28 (f. 5–12), 312 (f. 13–23, lacks 1 at the beginning), 48 (f. 24–31), 510 (f. 32–41), 610 (f. 42–50, lacks 1 after 48), 712 (f. 50–61, lacks 1), 8–1212 (fol. 62–121), 1310 (f. 122–131), 1414 (f. 132–145), 15–1712 (fol. 146–181), 188 (f. 182–189), 1912 (f. 190–202 + 1 tipped in), 2012 (f. 203–226, the last one being blank), 2114 (fol. 227–239, lacks one after 232), 228 (fol. 240–246, lacks one after 246), 23–2512 (f. 247–282), 2610 (fol. 283–292), 272 (fol. 293–294), 28–3112 (f. 295–341, the last one being blank), i (unfoliated, probably originally tipped into 341), iv

There may be text missing at the beginning of quire 2, but the quiring seems to be regular. The first folio of Magna Carta is missing at the beginning of quire 3. There is no text missing as a result of the missing folio in quire 6; there is probably none missing as a result of the missing folio in quire 7 (we cannot tell from the images where the stub is). Quire 13 begins Britton. It is hard to imagine that there is not a quire break someplace in the monstrous quires 14 and 21, but none is visible, and the 19th-century binder did not find any either. There is no text missing as a result of the missing folio in quire 21. Quires 21 and 22 are out of the order of the Britton text. They belong after fol. 189. This is probably the result of misbinding, but their irregular quiring may indicate that they were omitted by scribal error in the copying of the Britton text. They were then copied, probably by the same scribe, and added after what had been designed to be the end of Britton. (Folio 226 at the end of quire 20 is blank.) It is unclear from the images whether fol. 341 is part of the original quiring or whether quire 32 has one fol. cut out at the end.

The quiring and the layout of the texts both point in the same direction: The manuscript as we now have it is basically in three parts: statutes and tracts, Britton, and writs (including what seems to be a complete register). Britton is on entirely separate quires and is laid out differently from the statutes and tracts. It is currently inserted toward the end of the statutes and tracts, but these return after it. The first collection of writs begins in mid-quire after Brevia placitata. The complete register, however, has its own quires, as does the contents list that precedes it. Fet asaver follows the end of the register in mid-quire, and the manuscript closes with additional statutes of Edward I entered in a later hand.

The index at the beginning of the manuscript deals only with the statutes and tracts, which it numbers. These numbers are found in Hindu-Arabic next to the item in question, and are reflected in the majuscule Roman numerals that are used in the headers. The index does not quite match the numbers used in the text, but it is close, until the end when it begins to deviate substantially. Brevia placitata, Casus placitorum, and Fet asaver are not included in the index (although Brevia placitata does have a Roman numeral in its header). All three probably should be regarded as belonging to the ‘writs’ part of the manuscript. Britton is also not included in the index.

As we have already noted, various English legal hands are at work. Most of them could date from the late thirteenth or early fourteenth century. The hand of the basic collection of statutes may be slightly earlier than the rest. At the beginning of the manuscript the statute of Joint-tenants is in what looks like a fifteenth-century hand, and the statute that follows (Acton Burnell) seems to be in a fourteenth-century hand but later most of what is contained in the beginning of the manuscript. At the very end of the manuscript a sample writ, the Prerogativa regis and the Modus levandi fines are added in what looks like a fifteenth-century hand.

If this manuscript was originally one (a question that cannot be firmly answered in its present state), it was probably made for a lawyer in the early fourteenth century who wanted a complete law library, with the exception of Year Books, under one cover. That the first collection of writs stops abruptly, to be followed by what seems to be a complete register, might be explained by our putative lawyer’s having started to compile a register on his own and then having decided to include a complete register in the more normal form that he already had.2 It is possible that Britton was added later from a separate source, but the further we get into the 14th century the less likely it is that a medieval lawyer would have confined himself to material that, so far as we can tell, stops in 1307. The additions that seem to date from the 15th century were made by someone who, of course, realized the chronological limitations of the material but was trying to fill in material that antedated 1307 but was not in the manuscript. Most of the additions at the beginning (before Magna Carta) probably date from the time of the original owner. They are entered in the index in a 15th-century hand.

1 As will be seen from the Analysis of Writs, the complete register is quite out-of-date for the first years of the 14th century. We are unsure about the date of the first writs, which seem to be largely or exclusively judicial writs, that begin the first collection. The first collection then starts to enter a writ of right patent that is dated in 1277, but then abruptly breaks off. The same writ of right patent is found at the beginning of the complete register. What seems to have happened is that having begun to recopy the complete register, our lawyer or his clerk decided simply to include the older complete register, but to furnish it with an index, the numbers from which were then entered in the older copy to supply what was there lacking, marginal headings indicating what the writ was.

The fact, however, that the three main pieces of the manuscript are on separate quires means that we cannot be completely sure that they were ever gathered under one cover around the time of the their composition. The fact that the fifteenth-century additions to the index do not include Britton or the register of writs may suggest that they were not. (The fifteenth-century additions at the end of the register do not have to be connected with a statute-book, although they may be.) These doubts raise the possibility that the collection as we now have it does not antedate the 19th-century binding. On balance, however, we are inclined to think, for reasons suggested in the previous paragraph and its note, that the register was part of the original plan. Of Britton we can be less sure. It is awkwardly inserted between two quires of the tracts that follow the basic statute-book.

There is nothing in the main manuscript that has to be dated later than 35 Edw. 1 (1307), the statute of Carlisle, which is inserted as something of an afterthought between Casus placitorum and Brevia placitata. All of the additions in later hands are also of items that must be, or can be, from that king’s reign. Hence, our approximate date of ca. 1307.


Summary Contents

Clicking on the item in question will open the first sequence for the item in the PDS in a new tab or window.


  Seq. Fol. No. Item  
7–14f. 1r–4v0Contents and Capitularia 
15–16f. 5r–5v1Exposicio vocabulorum (another) (Not in S.R.) 
17–18f. 6r–6v2Exposicio vocabulorum (standard) (Not in S.R.) 
19–23f. 7r–9r3Notabilia statutorum (Not in S.R.) 
24f. 9v4Constitution of Archbishop Boniface on Tithes (Not in S.R.) 
25–26f. 10r–10v5Statute of Joint-tenants, 34 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:145–7) 
27–29f. 11r–12r6Statute of merchants (Acton Burnell), 11 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:53–4) 
29–30f. 12r–12v7?Chapters in eyre (Not in S.R.) 
33–35f. 14r–15r8Forest Charter, as confirmed 25 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:120–2) 
35–36f. 15r–15v9Sentencia lata super Cartas (S.R. 1:6) 
36–37f. 15v–16r10Confirmatio cartarum, 25 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:122–4) 
37–38f. 16r–16v11Sentencia lata super confirmatione cartarum, 25 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:126) 
38–39f. 16v–17r12De tallagio, 25 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:125) 
39–42f. 17r–18v13Provisions of Merton, 20 Hen. 3 (S.R. 1:1–4) 
42–48f. 18v–21v14Statute of Marlborough, 52 Hen. 3 (S.R. 1:19–25) 
48–62f. 21v–28v15Statute of Westminster I, 3 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:26–39) 
62–66f. 28v–30v16Statute of Gloucester, chapters, 6 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:47–50) 
66–67f. 30v–31r17‘Explanation’ of statute of Gloucester, 6 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:50) 
67–68f. 31r–31v18Writ concerning forest justice (Not in S.R.) 
69–100f. 32r–47v19Statute of Westminster II, 13 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:71–95) 
100–104f. 47v–49v20‘Statutes of the Exchequer’, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:197 [semel] – [ter]) 
105–105f. 50r–50r21Districtiones scaccarii, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:197 [ter] – 198) 
106–109f. 50v–52r22Chapters in eyre, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:233–8) 
109–114f. 52r–54v23Statute of Merchants, 13 Edw. 1 (S.R. Statute of 1:98–100, 13 Edw. 1) 
114–117f. 54v–56r24Statute of Gloucester, 6 Edw. 1, preamble (S.R. 1:45–6) 
117–118f. 56r–56v25Statute of gavelet in London, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:222) 
118f. 56v26Statutum de quo warranto, 18 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:107) 
118–119f. 56v–57r27Statutum de quo warranto novum, 18 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:107) 
119–120f. 57r–57v28De illis qui debent poni in iuratis et assisis, 21 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:113) 
120–122f. 57v–58v29Circumspecte agatis, 13 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:101–2) 
122–123f. 58v–59r30Statutum de moneta, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:219 [semel] – 219 [bis]) 
123f. 59r31Dies communes in banco, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:208) 
123–124f. 59r–59v32Dies communes de dote, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:208) 
124–125f. 59v–60r33De viris religiosis, 7 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:51) 
125–126f. 60r–60v34Statutum de iusticiis assignandis, quod vocatur Rageman, 4 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:44) 
126–127f. 60v–61r35Statutum de magnis assisis et duellis, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:218) 
127–128f. 61r–61v36De antiquo dominico coronae (Not in S.R.) 
128–129f. 61v–62r37View of frankpledge, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:246–7) 
129–130f. 62r–62v38Statute of Westminster III, 18 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:106) 
130–131f. 62v–63r39Statute of Conspirators, temp. incert. (pt. 1) (S.R. 1:216) 
131–132f. 63r–63v40Assise of weights and measures, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:204–5) 
132–133f. 63v–64r41Circumspecte agatis (pt. 1), 13 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:101) 
133–134f. 64r–64v42Circumspecte agatis (pt. 2), 13 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:101–2) 
134f. 64v43Statutum de anno et die, 40 Hen. 3 (S.R. 1:7) 
134–135f. 64v–65r44Modus calumpniandi essoniam, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:217–18) 
135–137f. 65r–66r45Placita corone (Not in S.R.) 
137–138f. 66r–66v46Assize of bread and ale (pt. 1), temp. incert. (S.R. 1:199–200) 
138f. 66v47Assize of bread and ale (pt. 2), temp. incert. (S.R. 1:199–200) 
138–143f. 66v–69r48Statute of Winchester, 13 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:96–8) 
143f. 69r49Assise of weights and measures, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:204–5) 
143–144f. 69r–69v50De presentibus vocatis ad warrantum, 20 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:108–9) 
144–145f. 69v–70r51Statute of conspirators, temp. incert. (pt. 2) (S.R. 1:216) 
145–148f. 70r–71v52Statute of Fines, 27 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:126–30) 
148–149f. 71v–72r53De bigamis, 4 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:42–3) 
149–153f. 72r–74r54Articles on the statute of Exeter, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:211–12) 
153–156f. 74r–75v55Statute of Exeter, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:210–12) 
156–157f. 75v–76r56Statutum de militibus, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:229) 
157–158f. 76r–76v57Statuta armorum, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:230–1) 
158–163f. 76v–79r58Carta mercatoria, 31 Edw. 1 (Not in S.R.) 
163–166f. 79r–80v59Commission’ on Carta mercatoria, 31 Edw. 1 (Not in S.R.) 
166–168f. 80v–81v60Extenta manerii, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:242–3) 
168–168f. 81v–81v61Statutum de homagio et fidelitate faciendis, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:227–8) 
169f. 82r62Modus exceptionum ( Not in S.R.) 
169–171f. 82r–83r63Statutum de moneta, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:219 [semel] – 219 [bis]) 
171–171f. 83r–83r64Articuli monete, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:219 [bis]) 
172–180f. 83v–87v65Articuli super cartas, 28 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:136–41) 
181–194f. 88r–94v66Hengham parva (Not in S.R.) 
194–224f. 94v–109v67Hengham magna (Not in S.R.) 
225–231f. 110r–113r68Modus componendi brevia (Not in S.R.) 
231–238f. 113r–116v69Judicium essoniorum (Not in S.R.) 
238–248f. 116v–121v70Cadit assisa (Not in S.R.) 
249–498f. 122r–246v71Britton (Not in S.R.) 
249–250f. 122r–122v71aBritton Contents (Not in S.R.) 
251–313f. 123r–154r71bBritton bk. 1 (Not in S.R.) 
313–384f. 154r–189v71cBritton bk. 2 (Not in S.R.) 
384–440f. 189v–217v71dBritton bk. 3 (pt. 2) (Not in S.R.) 
440–456f. 217v–225v71eBritton bk. 4 (Not in S.R.) 
459–498f. 227r–246v71fBritton bk. 3 (pt. 1) (Not in S.R.) 
499–507f. 247r–251r72Summa bastardie (Not in S.R.) 
507–515f. 251r–255r73Ordo exceptionum (Not in S.R.) 
516–517f. 255v–256r74Statute of Joint-tenants, 34 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:145–7) 
518–521f. 256v–258r75Dictum of Kenilworth, 51 Hen. 3 (S.R. 1:12–18) 
523–529f. 259r–262r76Casus placitorum (Not in S.R.) 
530–531f. 262v–263r77Petition in parliament and response concerning papal provisions, 31 Edw. 1 (Not in S.R.) 
531–533f. 263r–264r78Statute of Carlisle, 35 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:150–2) 
534–575f. 264v–285r79Brevia placitata (Not in S.R.) 
578–590f. 286v–292v80Register of writs (1) (Not in S.R.) 
578–582f. 286v–288v80aJudicial writs 
582–589f. 288v–292r80bMiscellaneous 
589–590f. 292r–292v80cWrits of right 
591–658f. 293r–326v81Register of writs (2) (Not in S.R.) 
591–594f. 293r–294v81aContents 
595–602f. 295r–298v81bWrits of right, including recordari 
602–605f. 298v–300r81cWrits of right: De falso iudicio 
605–626f. 300r–310v81dEcclesiastical writs (1) 
626–628f. 310v–311v81eAnnuity, including mesne 
628–630f. 311v–312v81fCovenant 
630–631f. 312v–313r81gDower 
631–634f. 313r–314v81hBrevia de statuto 
634–638f. 314v–316v81iNovel disseisin: Basic 
638–642f. 316v–318v81jMort d’ancestor 
642–645f. 318v–320r81kDe avo et consanguineo 
645–647f. 320r–321r81lEntry: Basic 
647–650f. 321r–322v81mEntry: De intrusione; Formedon 
650–658f. 322v–326v81nEcclesiastical writs (2) 
660–682f. 327v–338v81Fet asaver (Not in S.R.) 
683f. 339r82Summons form (Not in S.R.) 
683–684f. 339r–339v83Prerogativa regis, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:226–7) 
685–685f. 340r–340r84Modus levandi fines, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:214) 


Detailed Contents

Clicking on the sequence number will open that sequence in the PDS in a new tab or window.


Seq. Fol. Label Header Sig.  
2Front cover 
3Blank marbled endpaper 
4Pencilled notes perhaps by George Dunn of the number of folios (337). On top left: ‘[bo]und by Clyde Newman Street’ 
5Pencilled notes by George Dunn of his acquisition in May of 1899. Library reference mark 
71rContents and capitularia 
  Heading: Magna Carta Regis de libertatibus ?Registrum.
  Note: (1) The contents lists only statutes and the capitularia is selective. By contrast with the rest of the manuscript, the contents and capitularia are laid out in double columns which are marked on the leaves in pencil or drypoint. The script is contemporary with the statutes. (2) Decorated initial ‘M’.
  Note: Additions in a different hand/ink.
  Heading: Ista sunt Capitula de Magna Carta Regis Henr’.
  Heading: (1) Incipiunt capitula carte foreste. (2) Incipiunt capitula statuti de Mertone. (3) Incipiunt capitula statuti de Marlberg’
  Heading: (1) Incipiunt capitula statuti Gloucest’. (2) Statutum primum Westmon’.
  Heading: Incipiunt capitula statuti secundi Westm’.
  Note: The right column is blank.
155rExposicio vocabulorum (another). (Not in S.R.) 
  Heading: Ista sunt vocabula Anglicana usitata in cartis antiquorum Regum Anglie exposita ab Alexandro archidiacono Salop’ secundum quod continetur in legibus Alveredi, Athelstani et Edwardi Regum Anglie.
  Note: The heading appears in mid-page and is preceded by several definitions that seem to be drawn from the same source. Alexander is probably the Alexander of Swerford, archdeacon of Shropshire, who died in 1246 and who compiled the Red Book of the Exchequer. ODNB s.n. Swerford, Alexander of. This list would seem to have been drawn from the Red Book, but we have not compared them.
176rExposicio vocabulorum (standard). (Not in S.R.)?j 
  Heading: ?Nomina diversarum consuetudinum et earum diferencie.
  Note: (1) Exposicio vocabulorum is related to, if it is not the same as, the text that is printed in Cartularies of St. Mary’s Abbey Dublin, ed. John T. Gilbert, Rolls Series (London 1884), 1:375–7. See Baker, Catalogue of Cambridge Legal Manuscripts, xxxvi n. (2) There may be a mark in the lower left corner.
197rNotabilia statutorum. (Not in S.R.)ii 
  Marginalia: (1) Secta regis, (2) In quibus casibus procedendum est ad Judicium post magnam distressam, (3) In quibus casibus procedendum esst ad inquisicionem post magnam distressam, (4) Nota.
  Note: This text seems to differ from that which we have previously called ‘Dampna in triplo’, though we reach that on fol. 8r. The lemmata (given as marginalia) are connected to the statutes by streamers.
  Marginalia: (1) Nota, (2) Nota, (3) Nota, (4) Liberum tenementum .i. ad terminum vite, (5) Quorum clamio est.
  Marginalia: (1) Dampna in triplo, (2) Dampna in duplo, (3) Dampna gravia, (4) Prisona unius anni.
  Marginalia: (1) prisona duorum annorum, (2) prisona trium annorum, (3) prisona xl dierum, (4) prisona dimidii anni, (5) prisona necessria, (6) prisona voluntaria, (7) prescripcio temporis.
  Marginalia: (1) Irrepleg[iabile] per commune breve, (2) replegiabile per commune breve, (3) Quia emptores terre.
  Note: Holes in the page.
249vConstitution of Archbishop Boniface on Tithes. (Not in S.R.) 
  Heading: Constitucio generalis London celebrata per venerabilem virum dominum Bonifacium archiepiscopum Cantuar’ .
  Note: The statute is edited in Powicke and Cheney, Councils and Synods, 2:792–7. It has not been dated other than by the dates of the Boniface’s pontificate, 1249–1269. Cheney did not know this version of the text, which seems to date from the 13th century.
2510rStatute of Joint-tenants, 34 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:145–7)vto 
  Heading: Statutum de coniunctim Feoffatis.
  Note: (1) No decorated initial capital. The scribe has added an ‘e’ where it ought to go. (2) The script of this item is much later than that which has preceded, probably 15th century.
2711rStatute of merchants (Acton Burnell), 11 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:53–4)vito 
  Heading: Statutum de mercatoribus editum apud Acton Burnell.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘P’, unfinished. (2) Header in different hand/ink. (3) The script of this item does not seem to be as late as that of the preceding, but it does not look as if it is contemporary with the statute.
2912r?Chapters in eyre. (Not in S.R.) 
  Note: We have been unable to find any other copy of this document, which differs substantially from what is given as the ‘New chapters in eyre’ printed in S.R. 1:235–236. It is also much shorter. Perhaps it was not designed for justices in eyre but for a more specific commission. Incipit: ‘Inquiratur de maneriis, terris seu tenementis quibuscumque que de domino Rege seu aliquo progenitorum suorum a tempore quo currit memoria tenebatur per servicium militare seriantiam vel per socagium’. Explicit: ‘Et si huiusmodi idiote aliquas terras alienaverint et cui vel quibus quid et quantum’. Intervening paragraphs order inquiries into escheats, wardship of land, wardship of infant heirs and widows, advowsons, religious or clerks who have appropriated land belonging to churches, and lands in the hand of the king by any means.
3113rMagna Carta, ?as confirmed 25 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:114–19)ii 
  Note: The text begins with c. 17. At least one fol. is missing. Hence, the slight doubt as to which version of the charter this is, though it is clearly the text of 1225, and probably that confirmed in 1297, considering the confirmation given below on fol. 16r.
3314rForest Charter, as confirmed 25 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:120–2)iii 
  Heading: Carta de foresta.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘C’.
3515rSentencia lata super Cartas. (S.R. 1:6)iiii 
  Heading: Sentencia super Cartas Lata.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’.
3615vConfirmatio cartarum, 25 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:122–4) 
  Heading: Confirmacio domini Regis.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’.
3716rSentencia lata super confirmatione cartarum, 25 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:126)vi 
  Heading: Sententia nova confirmacionis.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’.
3816vDe tallagio, 25 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:125) 
  Heading: Statutu quod vocatur nullm tallagium.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘N’.
3917rProvisions of Merton, 20 Hen. 3. (S.R. 1:1–4)Mertonevii 
  Heading: provisiones de mertone.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘C’.
4218vStatute of Marlborough, 52 Hen. 3. (S.R. 1:19–25)Marle 
  Heading: Statutum de Marlebg’.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’.
4821vStatute of Westminster I, 3 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:26–39)Westm’ 
  Heading: Statutum primum Westmon’.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘C’.
  Note: There is a doodle in the upper left-hand of uncertain significance.
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
5324rWestm’ primu’(1) a; (2) 2. 
5726rprimu’c ii 
6228vStatute of Gloucester, 6 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:47–50)Westm’ 
  Heading: Expliciunt Statuta Westm’ primum Incipiunt statuta Gloucestr’.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘P’.
6630v‘Explanation’ of statute of Gloucester, 6 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:50)Statut’ 
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘P’. (2) The decorated initial begins a text without a heading.
6731rWrit concerning forest justice. (Not in S.R.)Explanac’o’es 
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘R’. (2) The decorated initial begins a text without a heading. (3) We have been unable to find this writ, which lacks a date. It does not seem to be in Baker, Cambridge Legal Manuscripts. It concerns irregularities in the forest moots, which the king orders to cease.
6932rStatute of Westminster II, 13 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:71–95)c. xij 
  Heading: Statutum Westm’ Secundum.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘C’. (2) Westminster II begins where would expect, but the heading is odd and ‘c. xij’ is simply wrong.
  Marginalia: Nots sure; something written very small above the header.
  Marginalia: Note in very small script written above the header.
10047v‘Statutes of the Exchequer’, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:197 [semel] – [ter])Westm’ 
  Heading: Statuta de Scaccario.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘L’, unfinished.
  Note: A folio is cut out after this one, but nothing seems to be missing in the text.
10550rDistrictiones scaccarii, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:197 [ter] – 198) 
  Heading: Statutum de Districcionibus scaccarii.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘P’. (2) Grotesques.
10650vChapters in eyre, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:233–8) 
  Heading: Statutum de itinere que tangunt coronam.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘I’, unfinished. (2) Despite the fact that this is called ‘Novi articuli’ in the explicit, it seems closer to, though it is not the same as, the text given in S.R. as the ‘old’ articles.
10952rStatute of Merchants, 13 Edw. 1. (S.R. Statute of 1:98–100, 13 Edw. 1) 
  Heading: Expliciunt Novi articuli Itineris Incipit statutum de mercatoribus.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘P’.
11454vStatute of Gloucester, 6 Edw. 1, preamble. (S.R. 1:45–47)XVIII 
  Heading: Explicit statutum de mercatoribus Incipit statutum quo Warrento [sic].
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’.
11756rStatute of gavelet in London, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:222)XIX 
  Heading: Explicit Statutum quo Warrento p’m’ Incipit Statutum de Gaveleto de London.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘P’.
11856v(1) Statutum de quo warranto, 18 Edw. 1. (2) Statutum de quo warranto novum, 18 Edw. 1. (S.R. [1] 1:107 [2] 1:107)XX. XXI 
  Heading: (1) Explicit Statutum Gavelet’ Incipit novum quo Warrento. (2) Explicit Statutum novum quo Warrento incipit ultimum quo Warrento.
  Note: Decorated initials ‘C’ and ‘Q’.
11957rDe illis qui debent poni in iuratis et assisis, 21 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:113)XXII 
  Heading: (1) Explicit ultimum quo Warr’to. (2) Incipit Statutum de Iuratoribus.
12057vCircumspecte agatis, 13 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:101–2)XXIII 
  Heading: Explicit Statutum de Juratoribus Incipit Statutum de prohibicionibus.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘E’. (2) This version of Circumspecte agatis is in the form of a writ to the justices itinerant in Lincoln, but the contents seem to be the same as those in S.R.
12258vStatutum de moneta, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:219 [semel] – 219 [bis])XXIIII 
  Heading: Explicit Statutum de prohibicionibus Incipit Statutum de moneta per W. de la march’.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’.
12359r(1) Dies communes in banco, temp. incert. (2) Dies communes de dote, temp. incert. (S.R. [1] 1:208 [2] 1:20)XXV. XXVI 
  Heading: (1) Explicit Statutum de monet’ dies c’es in Banco. (2) Explicit co’es dies in Banco Incipit c’es dies in pl’ito dotis.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’.
12459vStatute De viris religiosis, 7 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:51)XXVII 
  Heading: Explicit dies co’es in pl’ito dotis Incipit statutum de Religios’.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘C’.
12560rStatutum de iusticiis assignandis, quod vocatur Rageman, 4 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:44)XXVIII 
  Heading: Explicit statutum de Religiosis Incipit statutum de [?transgressionibus (word rubbed out)].
  Note: (1) The explicit calls this ‘statutum de transgressionibus’, which probably should have been supplied for the word rubbed out. (2) Decorated initial ‘A’.
12660vStatutum de magnis assisis et duellis, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:218)XXIX 
  Heading: Explicit statutum ad inquirendum [de] transgressionibus Incipit Statutum de magna assisa iniungenda.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘O’. (2) The incipit of the ‘statute’ is different from that in S.R., but the basic text seems to be the same
12761rDe antiquo dominico coronae. (Not in S.R.)XXX 
  Heading: Explicit statutum de magna assisa Incipit Statutum de antiquo dominico corone.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘L’. (2) The tractatus or statutum de antiquo dominco seems to have had its origins as a counsel’s opinion. It is ed. Horwood in Y.B. 20 & 21 Edw. 1 (R.S. 31) p. xviii-xix, perhaps with reference to this text (though he does not cite it), since he was a previous owner of the manuscript.
12861vView of frankpledge, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:246–7)XXXI 
  Heading: Explicit statutum de dominico antiquo Incipit visus franciplegii.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘A’. (2) The text of Visus frankplegii seems to omit the first item in the S.R. text. (3) Carryover indicating quire break.
12962rStatute of Westminster III, 18 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:106)XXXII 
  Heading: Expliciunt visus francipleg’ Incipit statutum de emptoribus terr’.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘Q’. (2) The verb of the explicit is spelled out, indicating that the scribe thought of visus as being plural. The incipit is, however, also spelled out and in the singular
13062vStatute of Conspirators, temp. incert (pt. 1). (S.R. 1:216)XXXIII 
  Heading: Explicit statutum de emptoribus terre Incipit statutum de Berewyk sur Thewede.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘C’. (2) The text given here corresponds to the first paragraph of the ‘statute’ as given in S.R
13163rStatute of weights and measures, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:204–5)XXXIIII 
  Heading: Explicit statutum de c’spirator’ Incipit Statutum de ponder’.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘N’.
13263vCircumspecte agatis (pt. 1), 13 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:101) 
  Heading: Explicit statutum de pond’ Incipit cirumspecte agatis.
  Marginalia: [?Habe]bitur supra.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘E’. (2) The statute of Weights and measures has an extensive addition in the lower margin. (3) As the marginalia note, Circumspecte agatis is already found on fol. 57v in the form of a writ to the intinerant justices in Lincolnshire. As is frequently the case, the writ here is divided into two parts.
13364rCircumspecte agatis (pt. 2), 13 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:101–2) 
  Heading: Explicit statutum cicuumspete agatis Incipiunt articuli contra Regiam prohibicionem.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘S’. (2) Statute divided into two sections.
13464v(1) Statutum de anno et die, 40 Hen. 3. (2) Modus calumpniandi essoniam, temp. incert. (S.R. [1] 1:7 [2] 1:217–18)XXXV. XXXVI 
  Heading: (1) Explicit articuli contra Regiam prohibici’o’m Incipit Statutum de Anno Bisextili. (2) Explicit statutum de Anno Bisextili Incipit mod’ calu’pniandi esson’.
  Note: Decorated initials ‘E’ and ‘H’.
13565rPlacita corone. (Not in S.R.)XXXVII 
  Heading: Explicit mod’ calu’p’di esson’ Incipit pl’ita corone.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘I’. (2) This is not the treatise normally called Placita corone (which is in French) nor is the less well known Latin treatise on crown pleas, Tractatus corone. It begins like a treatise: In primis sciendum est quod omnia attachiamenta et placita corone debent attachiari per coronatorem et non debet terminari ante adventum Justiciariorum in Itinere suo’. It then, however, turns into what seem to be brief reports of crown pleas heard at a place called ‘C’ (?Cornwall). The first sentence could be drawn from genre of literature described in Baker, Cambridge Legal Manuscripts as ‘Officium coronatoris, but the range of cases described makes it seem more like a collection of material designed for the purpose of instructing about crown pleas. Explicit: [clericus appellatus] ‘secundum legem et consuetudinem regni Anglie liberatus fuit dicto procuratori [episcopi] sub pena C s’. We are grateful to Elizabeth Kamali for pointing out to us that there are similarities in the ‘precedents’ given here to those in the Modus tenendi curias printed by Maitland in Court Baron (SS no. 4), starting on p. 89, and particularly to some of those on p. 90. Maitland suggest that the glossator and perhaps the author of the Modus was one John de Longueville (p. 14). Be that as it may be, it seems more likely on chronological grounds that this is one of the sources of the Modus rather than an extract from it
13766rAssize of bread and ale (pt. 1), temp. incert. (S.R. 1:199–200)XXXVIII 
  Heading: Explicit pl’ita coron’ Incipit ass’ panis et c’vis’.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘Q’.
13866v(1) Assize of bread and ale (pt. 2), temp. incert. (2) Statute of Winchester, 13 Edw. 1. (S.R. [1] 1:199–200 [3] 1:96–8)XXXIX. XL. XLI 
  Heading: (1) Explicit statutum de ass’ pan’ et assis’ Incipit lucrum pistor’. (2) Explicit lucrum pistor’ Incipit pena delinque’t’m. (3) Explicit pena assis fragme’t’ Incipit statutum Wyncestre.
  Note: (1) Decorated initials ‘Q’, ‘E’, ‘S’, and ‘P’. (2) The first decorated capital does not begin a new text. (3) Lucrum pistoribus is separated out from the Assize of bread and ale.
14369r(1) Statute of weights and measures, temp. incert. (2) Statute De presentibus vocatis ad warrantum, 20 Edw. 1. (S.R. [1] 1:204 [2] 1:108–9)XLII. XLIII 
  Heading: (1) Explicit statutum Wync’ Incipit co’posic’o monete. (2) Explicit composic’o monete Incipit statutum de presentibus vocat’ ad War’.
  Note: (1) The statute of weights and measures is in French rather than Latin and includes only the first paragraph. The texts are not quite the same, but they are close enough to leave little doubt that this is the statute that the compiler had in mind. (2) Decorated initials ‘P’ and ‘C’.
14469vStatute of conspirators, temp. incert (pt. 2). (S.R. 1:216)XLIIII 
  Heading: Explicit statutum de presentibus vocat’ ad War’ Incipit statutum de conspiratoribus.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘D’. (2) The text given here corresponds to the second paragraph of the ‘statute’ as given in S.R
14570rStatute of Fines, 27 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:126–30)XLV 
  Heading: Explicit statutum de conspiratoribus. Incipit statutum quia fines.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘Q’.
14871vStatute De bigamis, 4 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:42–3)XLVI 
  Heading: Explicit statutum quia fines. Incipit statutum de Bigamis.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘I’.
14972rArticles on the statute of Exeter, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:211–12)XLVII 
  Heading: Expliciunt statuta de Bigamis Incipit stat’ Exon’.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘P’. (2) ‘articuli’ is entered in a normal script above the heading for the statute of Exeter
  Note: The first half of the page is written in slightly smaller letters, but it may be by the same scribe.
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
15374rStatute of Exeter, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:210–12)XLVIIIa 
  Heading: Expliciunt articuli super statutis Exon’ Incipit statutum Exonie exonie [sic].
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘P’. (2) Statute divided into two sections.
15675vStatutum de militibus, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:229)XLIX 
  Heading: Explicit Statutum Exon’ Incipit Statutum de militibus.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
15776rStatuta armorum, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:230–1)L 
  Heading: Expliciunt statutum de militibus Incipit statutum Armorum.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’.
15876vCarta mercatoria, 31 Edw. 1. (Not in S.R.)LI 
  Heading: Explicit statutum Armor’ Incipit non nov’ statutum mercatoribus editum apud Wyndessore Anno r’r’ E. XXXImo.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘E’. (2) Although the Carta mercatoria is reported as being on the statute rolls for Richard II (TNA C74/3 ?m.24), it was not printed in S.R. The standard text is Henry Thomas Riley, ed. Munimenta Gildhallae Londoniensis: Liber Custumarum, Rolls Series, no. 12, vol. 2 (London 1860), 205–211. Pieces of it in French are to be found in the statute of Staple, 27 Edw. 3, stat. 2, cc. 17–20 (S.R. 1:339-40).
16379rCommission’ on Carta mercatoria, 31 Edw. 1. (Not in S.R.)LII 
  Heading: Commissio super Statutum mercatorum ultimo editum apud Wyndessore.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘E’. (2) The commission, dated 10 February 1303, to Elias Russel, who was once mayor and sheriff of London, and Richer de ?Cloffan, whom we have not been able to identify, seems clearly to be related to Carta mercatoria. It deserves more attention than we have been able to give it
16680vExtenta manerii, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:242–3)LIII 
  Heading: Explicit commissio super statutum mercatorum ultimo editum apud Wyndesore Incipit extenta manerii.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘I’.
16881vStatutum de homagio et fidelitate faciendis, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:227–8)LIII 
  Heading: Explicit Extenta manerii. Incipit modus faciendi homagium et fidelitate.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘Q’.
16982r(1) Modus exceptionum. (2) Statutum de moneta, temp. incert. (S.R. [1] Not in S.R. [2] 1:219 [semel] – 219 [bis])LV. LVI 
  Heading: (1) Explicit modus faciendi homagium et fidelitate Incipit statutum Quot modis dicitur excepcio. (2) Explicit statutum quot modis dicitur excepcio Incipit statutum de moneta.
  Note: (1) Modus exceptionum, also known as Quot modis dicitur exceptio, is a tract, unedited so far as we are aware, that appears in a number of ‘statute books’ and elsewhere. See the extensive list given in Baker, Catalogue of Cambridge Legal Manuscripts, 96–7. (2) Decorated initials ‘N’ and ‘E’
17183rArticuli monete, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:219 [bis])LVII 
  Heading: Explicit statutum de moneta Incipiunt articuli eiusdem.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘C’.
17283vArticuli super cartas, 28 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:136–41)LVIII 
  Heading: Expliciunt Articuli de moneta Incipiunt Novi Articuli super cartas editi.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘P’.
  Note: (1) Carryover indicating quire break. (2) The signature mark is in pencil in the lower left-hand corner
  Note: It is not clear that the signature mark in ink bottom center is a sginature mark nor that it is ‘e’.
  Heading: Expliciunt Articuli novi super Cartas editi.
18188rHengham parva. (Not in S.R.)(1) LIX (2) Parva Hengham  
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘N’. (2) Hengham parva is ed. W. H. Duham, Radulphi de Hengham Summae (Cambridge, 1932), 52–71. Hengham’s authorship of this treatise is regarded as ‘probable’ by Brand in ODNB s.n
  Heading: Exceptiones.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’.
  Heading: Inq.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘S’.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘S’. (2) Next to it are marginalia the beginnings of which are cut off
19494vHengham magna. (Not in S.R.) 
  Heading: Explicit parva Hengham Incipit magna Hengham.
  Note: (1) Decorated initials ‘L’ and ‘B’. (2) Hengham magna is ed. W. H. Duham, Radulphi de Hengham Summae (Cambridge, 1932), 52–72. Hengham’s authorship of this treatise is regarded as ‘unlikely’ by Brand in ODNB s.n. See Paul Brand, ‘Hengham Magna: A Thirteenth Century English Common Law Treatise and Its Composition’, Irish Jurist, 11 (1976) 147–69
  Note: Decorated initials ‘Q’ and ‘D’.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘Q’.
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
  Note: The quires are detached at this point, but no text seems to have been lost.
  Note: A hand points to the first line.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘T’.
  Heading: Explicit summa Magna Hengham.
225110rModus componendi brevia. (Not in S.R.)10 
  Heading: (1) LXIIII. (2) Assit principio sancta maria meo.
  Note: (1) A new hand begins at this point with a rather charming invocation at the head of the page. The style of script, however, is similar to what went before, and there is no reason to believe that it is of a different date. (2) Decorated initial ‘C’. (3) The decorated initial begins a text without a heading. (4) Modus componendi brevia is ed. George E. Woodbine, Four Thirteenth Century Law Tracts (New Haven, 1910) 143–162 (online). Baker, Cambridge Legal Manuscripts, 55–6, has an extensive list of manuscript examples, including ours.
231113rJudicium essoniorum. (Not in S.R.)LXV 
  Heading: Explicit modus componendi brevia Incipit Judicium Essoniator’.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘P’. (2) Judicum essoniorum is ed. George E. Woodbine, Four Thirteenth Century Law Tracts (New Haven, 1910), 27–38 (online). See also Paul Brand, ‘Nothing Which is New or Unique? A Reappraisal of Judicium Essoniorum’, in Peter Birks, ed., The Life of the Law: Proceedings of the Tenth British Legal History Conference (London, 1993), 1–8.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘S’.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘T’. (2) The decorated initial begins a text without a heading.
  Note: Decorated initials ‘Q’ and ‘Q’.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘S’.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘S’.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘O’.
238116vCadit assisa. (Not in S.R.)LXVI 
  Heading: Explicit Iudicium Essoniorum Incipit Summa Cadit assisa.
  Note: (1) An extensive list of manuscripts of this text, which is based on Bracton, fols. 271–78, in Baker, Cambridge Legal Manuscripts, 78, includes this one. The text here begins with a sample writ of mort d’ancestor before it proceeds to the standard incipit. (2) Decorated initials ‘R’ and ‘C’.
  Heading: Explicit Summa Cadit Assisa.
249122rBritton. (Not in S.R.) 
  Note: The text of Britton that follows seems to be complete, but it is bound out of order.The table of contents given here is also complete up through bk. 6, c. 10, the last chapter of the printed edition (2:356), although here it is called book 4.
251123rBritton bk. 1. (Not in S.R.) 
  Heading: Des justices.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’ with scrolled border around text and many grotesques.
  Note: Decorated initials ‘E’ and ‘E’.
  Heading: Des coroners.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’.
  Heading: Des heires.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’.
257126rIoB R 
  Heading: (1) Des chapitres. (2) de fausors le seall e la monee.
  Note: Decorated initials ‘A’ and ‘D’.
  Heading: des homicides.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘D’, unfinished.
  Heading: (1) de murdre. (2) de aventures. (3) de traisons.
  Note: Decorated initials ‘M’, ‘A’, and ‘T’, unfinished.
  Heading: (1) des arsours. (2) des burgelours. (3) des prisons.
  Note: Decorated initials ‘A’, ‘S’, and ‘D’.
  Heading: des Banniz.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘P’, unfinished.
  Heading: de vilagerie.
  Note: Decorated initials ‘I’.
  Heading: (1) de Rap. (2) de Larcins.
  Note: Decorated initials ‘R’ and ‘D’, unfinished.
269132rIo1) 13; (2) ?fc’m. 
  Heading: des abjurations.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘D’, unfinished. (2) The first signature mark is pencilled in modern hand in the lower left, the second is bottom center, and might just be ‘It’s done’.
  Heading: (1) des troveours. (2) de dreit Le Roy.
  Note: Decorated initials ‘E’ and ‘Q’, unfinished.
  Heading: des franchises.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘S’, unfinished.
  Heading: de plusors tors.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘P’, unfinished.
  Heading: des ministres.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘D’, unfinished.
  Heading: des apeaus.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘D’, unfinished.
  Heading: des appeaus des homicides.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘D’, unfinishedE.
  Note: Hand points to the first full paragraph.
  Heading: des appeaus [crossed out: des homicides] e de larcines.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘D’, unfinished.
  Heading: des appeaus des mahaeynes.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘D’, unfinished.
  Heading: des attachemens.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘D’, unfinished.
  Heading: des prises des avers.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’, unfinished.
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
297146rIo(1) 14; (2) xiiii. 
  Heading: De dettes.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’, unfinished.
  Heading: Des tourns de viscountes.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’, unfinished.
  Heading: Des mesures.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘N’, unfinished.
313154rBritton bk. 2. (Not in S.R.)Io 
  Heading: Issi finissent Les chapitres del lyvere des pleez personals e comencent les chapitres del lyvere de disseysine.
314154vBlank except for header L 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘D’, unfinished.
  Heading: (1) De disseysines. (2) De Purchas.
  Note: Decorated initials ‘P’ and ‘A’, unfinished.
321158rIIo(1) 15; (2) xv. 
  Heading: de dourie.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘D’, unfinished.
  Heading: de communs purchas.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’, unfinished.
  Heading: de purchas conditionels.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘U’, unfinished.
  Heading: de reversions de escheites.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’, unfinished.
  Heading: De purchas de vileins.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’, unfinished.
  Heading: Ici comence le chapitre de chartres.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘D’, unfinished.
  Heading: de seisines e possessions.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘P’, unfinished.
  Heading: (1) de purchas de rentes. (2) de disseisine.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘U’, unfinished. (2) Hand points to fourth line.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘P’, unfinished.
  Heading: de ou ne gist point assise.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘T’, unfinished.
  Note: This page begins a new quire and probably a different but contemporary hand. Each page has a number of Latin marginalia, in contrast to the previous quires of Britton. The quire also has a number of corrections in darker ink.
  Heading: Ici comence le chapitre de remedie de disseisine.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘L’, unfinished.
  Heading: de vewes en disseisines.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’, unfinished.
  Heading: de proces en assises.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘C’, unfinished.
  Heading: de title de Franc tenement.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘T’, unfinished.
  Heading: de exceptions au bref.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’, unfinished.
  Heading: Ici comence le chapitre de exception ala persone le playntif.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’, unfinished.
  Heading: Ici comence le chapitre del excepcion al accion.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’, unfinished.
  Heading: de assises turnes en fines.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’, unfinished.
  Note: Page either torn or narrow; text unaffected.
  Heading: Ici comence le chapitre des chalanges de jurours.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘C’, unfinished.
  Heading: Ici comence le chapitre des Jugemens.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘C’, unfinished.
  Heading: de apurtenances.
369182rIIo(1) 17; (2) ii. 
  Heading: Ici comence le chapitre de commune de pasture.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘C’, unfinished.
  Heading: de remedie de disseisine.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’, unfinished.
  Heading: de exceptions de commune.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘M’, unfinished.
  Heading: de amesurement de pasture.
  Heading: de quo iure.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘T’, unfinished.
  Heading: de Renables estovers.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’, unfinished.
  Heading: de nusances.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘U’, unfinished.
  Heading: Ici comence le chapitre de Remedie de nusances.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘S’, unfinished. (2) Hand points to first line.
  Heading: de exceptions de Nusances.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘C’, unfinished.
  Note: (1) Decorated initials ‘P’ and ‘N’. (2) Hand points to second line.
  Heading: Ici comence le chapitre des fermes.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘U’, unfinished. (2)Hand points to first line.
384189vBritton bk. 3 (pt. 2). (Not in S.R.) 
  Heading: Issent finissent les chapitres del livere de disseisines et comencent les chapitres de le lyvere de mordauncestre.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘A’. (2) In addition to the regular pencilled quire mark, there is something in the bottom center that may be ‘xxj’.
  Heading: (1) de tant de tere od les aportenances. (2) de ex[cepci]on puis le terme. (3) de ex[cepci]on del prochein heir.
  Note: Decorated initials ‘C’, ‘E’, and ‘P’, unfinished.
  Heading: de exception qe la tere tient.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’, unfinished.
  Heading: de ex[cepci]on de Felonie.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘O’, unfinished.
  Heading: de assise tourne en Juree.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’, unfinished.
  Heading: des Jugemens.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘C’, unfinished.
  Heading: (1) de quod permittat tenentes. (2) de cosinage.
  Note: Decorated initials ‘A’ and ‘S’, unfinished.
  Heading: De Degreez.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘L’, unfinished. (2) Hand points away from the heading.
395195rDe degreez 
  Note: Chart of degrees of consanguinity.
  Heading: de assise de dreint [darein] present[ement].
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’, unfinished.
  Heading: (1) de jour de ple. (2) de ex[cepci]on al bref.
  Note: Decorated initials ‘E’ and ‘A’, unfinished.
  Heading: De ex[cepci]on hors del Bref.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’, unfinished.
  Heading: de verdit et de Jugement.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘C’, unfinished. (2) Hand points in the direction of the first line
  Heading: de quare impedit.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘T’, unfinished.
  Heading: de assise utrum.
  Note: Decorated initials ‘L’ and ‘L’, unfinished.
  Heading: de atteyntes.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘S’, unfinished. (2) Carryover indicating quire break.
411203rIII(1) i; (2) 19.  
  Heading: De ou gist atteint.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’, unfinished.
  Heading: De excusacion.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘S’, unfinished.
  Heading: de proces de Jugement.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘P’, unfinished.
  Heading: de dowere.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘M’, unfinished.
  Heading: De dowere.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘D’, unfinished.
  Heading: de assignement de dowere.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’, unfinished.
  Heading: De remedie de dowere.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘P’, unfinished.
  Heading: de Garauntyes.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’, unfinished.
  Heading: de excepcion de mort.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘D’, unfinished.
  Heading: De ex[cepci]on de concubyne.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘D’, unfinished.
  Heading: de pluralite de femmes.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’, unfinished.
  Heading: De excepcions de ?communes.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘C’, unfinished. (2) The heading is blurred. We have reconstructed it on the basis of the printed ed
  Heading: (1) de Jugement. (2) De dreit de dower.
  Note: (1) Decorated initials ‘L’ and ‘T’, unfinished. (2) Carryover indicating quire break.
  Heading: de amesurement de dower’.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’, unfinished.
  Heading: De Entree.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’, unfinished.
  Note: (1) Hand points to the first paragraph. (2) There is more than a ‘b’ in the signature mark, but what that more is is unclear. It may be vertical brackets as it clearly is on fol. 219r.
  Heading: De proces.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘L’, unfinished. (2) Small tear in page; text unaffected. (3) Lines inserted above the main text.
  Heading: De excepcions.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘E’, unfinished. (2) Open tear in center of page, text unaffected. (3) The signature mark certainly does not look like ‘c’, but that is what we would expect.
440217vBritton bk. 4. (Not in S.R.)L 
  Heading: (1) Ici finissent les chapitres del lyvere de dreit de possessions et comencent les chapitres del linere de dreit de properte. (3) de successions.
  Note: (1) Decorated initials ‘T’, ‘C’, and ‘A’, unfinished. (2) Lines inserted below the main text.
  Heading: De degreez.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘D’, with space presumably left for a miniature (undrawn). (2) Line illustration of a face.
  Note: Chart of consanguinity in the margin.
  Heading: de cure de baron.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘L’, unfinished.
  Heading: De somonce.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’, unfinished.
  Heading: Des Essoinges.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘N’, unfinished. (2) Faint note in lower left.
  Heading: de essoigne de outre mer.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘B’, unfinished.
  Heading: (1) de essoygne de servys le Roy. (2) de essoigne de mal de venue.
  Note: Decorated initials ‘L’ and ‘L’, unfinished.
  Heading: Des attornez.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘C’, unfinished.
459227rBritton bk. 3 (pt. 1). (Not in S.R.)III(1) 21 (2) xviii 
  Heading: Des Intrusurs.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘L’, unfinished. (2) The chapter number may be misplaced, belonging on the reverse page. (3) This and the following quire are bound out of order. They belong after fol. 189. This quire, though it clearly contains the subjects covered in Book 3 c. 1–9 of the printed edition is arranged in a somewhat different order. The quire may have been sewn wrong or the scribe may have missed something and filled it in later. In any case, chapter 3.8 of the printed edition is now awkwardly divided between chapter 3.1 and 3.2, with the rest of it appearing without a heading between chapter 3.7 and 3.9.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘P’, unfinished. (2) The page ends in the middle of the text
  Heading: De homage divisable.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘T’, unfinished. (2) Page torn at top inner corner; text unaffected.
  Heading: Des gardes et mariages.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘C’, unfinished. (2) The page begins in the middle of the text. It belongs after fol. 227.
  Heading: Des homages.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘H’, unfinished.
  Heading: (1) De Relef. (2) Ass’ de mordauncestr’.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘S’, unfinished.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘T’, unfinished.
  Heading: mordauncestr’.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘S’, unfinished. (2) Inserted chart of consanguinity.
  Heading: De accion mixte.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘U’, unfinished.
  Note: The page ends in the middle of the text. The missing text can be found at fol. 231.
  Heading: De renable partye.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘C’, unfinished. (2) The page begins in the middle of the text.
485240rIII(1) 22; (2) xix; (3) a. 
  Heading: des somons.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘P’, unfinished.
  Heading: des garanties.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘S’, unfinished.
  Note: Some faint numbers below the foliation.
  Heading: (1) de exceptions de mesme la descente. (2) de exception del seisi.
  Note: Decorated initials ‘A’ and ‘C’, unfinished.
  Heading: de exception del drein seisi.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘O’, unfinished.
  Heading: de exception en son demayne.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’, unfinished.
  Heading: de ex[cepci]on del fee.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’, unfinished.
  Note: The text ends toward the end of the page with the last line of Book 3, c. 16 of the printed edition (2:132). The text continues at fol. 190.
499247rSumma bastardie. (Not in S.R.)L XIii 
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘C’. (2) The hand seems to return to that of the statute book
  Note: Hands point to the second to last and last paragraphs.
507251rOrdo exceptionum. (Not in S.R.)LXII 
  Heading: Explicit summa Bastardie Incipiunt ordo exceptionum.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘C’.
  Note: Correction inserted at bottom of page.
  Note: (1) Two holes in page, text seemingly unaffected. (2) Correction inserted at bottom of page.
  Heading: Explicit ordo exceptionum.
516255vStatute of Joint-tenants, 34 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:145–7) 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’, unfinished.
518256vDictum of Kenilworth, 51 Hen. 3. (S.R. 1:12–18)(1) LXIII (2) Kynelworth’ 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘I’, unfinished.
523259rCasus placitorum. (Not in S.R.)24 
  Heading: Ces sont les cas et les demandes et les Aprises de Jugemenz passez en la court le Roy devant Justices en Bannk’ ou en Eyre de Justices en forplez et divers. Cest la premiere demande.
  Note: (1) This is not the standard text of Casus placitorum, if there is such a thing. It differs from the printed text in that it does not contain extensive notes of actual cases, but rather brief statements of rules that seem to be derived from actual cases. That may serve to distinguish it from Brevia placitata, a version of which may be found below at fol. 264v. (2) Decorated initials ‘C’ and ‘E’, unfinished.
530262vPetition in parliament and response concerning papal provisions, 31 Edw. 1. (Not in S.R.)LXVIII 
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘I’, unfinished. (2) The decorated capital begins a text without a header. (3) The text largely corresponds to the petition and response concerning papal provisors given in the parliament of Carlisle, 35 Edw. 1 (1307), and printed in Rot. Parl. 1:220–1; PROME, Vetus Codex 1307, nos. 106, 127 (the text here is closer to no. 127).
531263rStatute of Carlisle, 35 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:150–2)LXIX 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘N’.
534264vBrevia placitata. (Not in S.R.)LXX 
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘P’. (2) This is not the standard text of Brevia placitata. It begins with pargaraphs from Fet asaver, and deals with the precedents in a somewhat different way. See the introduction. The items are numbered, a numbering that presumably corresponds to the numbering in the table that appears on fol. 285r
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
547271r(1) 25; (2) i.  
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
  Note: Unusual branching chart.
  Note: Brevia placitata closes with a table of contents, double-column, which breaks up the work into 75 sections.
  Note: Conclusion of contents. The page is mostly blank.
578286vJudicial writsBrevia de Judicio de visu terre; Brevia ad suum Warrantum 
  Note: The first of two registers of writs begins here with headings ‘Brevia de judicio visu terre’ and ‘Brevia ad suum warrantum’ . These are topics that are normally found in registers after the initial writ of right patent, and it is possible that they were copied from a register that lacked one or more folios at the beginning.
580287vBrevia de judicio ad capiendum terram in manu domini Regis ad primam defaltam per magnum cape 
582288vMiscellaneousBrevia de eligendo magna assisa etc’ 
583289rIn brevi de consuetudinibus et serviciis sic; Item in brevi de quo iure sic fiat breve; Item in brevi de racionabilibus estoveriis sic fiat breve; Item in brevi de divisis sic 
589292rWrits of right, including recordari 
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘E’, unfinished. (2) The decorated initial begins a text without a heading. (3) The decorated writ is a writ of right patent tested by a King Edward on 20 May in year 5. The writ is in mid-page and what is above it caries over from the preceding page, but the hand looks somewhat different
  Note: The page ends in the middle of the writ.
  Note: The full register of writs in the manuscript begins with a list of contents, written in double columns. The first ten numbers are blank the rest give the name of writ. Continues through fol. 294v, with 234 (erroneously given as 224) numbered writs in all. The register itself refers to this list of contents simply by number. Our analysis of the register in the separate table below uses the names of the writs as given in this list of contents.
  Note: ?’releas’’ written in informal hand at top of page.
595295rWrits of right, including recordari 
  Marginalia: Illud breve semper sit patens Et sci[?iendum] quod quando aliquis clamat tenere in liberum burgagium vel in liberam elemosniam tunc non debet dici per annum neque pro omni servicio.
  Note: (1) Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’, vaguely floral with grotesques, unfinished. (2) The beginning of the register with a writ of right patent tested by a King Edward on 20 May in year 5. (3) Many of the writ have notes beneath them underlined in red. We have transcribed the first one as marginalia to give some sense of the style of these notes
602298vWrits of right: De falso iudicio 
605300rEcclesiastical writs (1)F 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
619307r(1) 20; (2) A; (3) ?Nihil facturum. 
  Note: (1) Hole in page; text unaffected. (2) The three markings at the bottom of the page that we list in the signature column are quite different. The first in the lower left corner in pencil in what seems to be an early modern script may be a signature marking from that period. The second corresponds to the medieval majuscules found elsewhere in this section and which may be signature markings from that period. The third, written in ink, may be a note of a medieval binder to himself. Compare fol. 132r.
  Note: Floral decoration at bottom of page.
626310vAnnuity, including mesne 
  Note: Additions in a different hand/ink.
631313rBrevia de statutoG 
634314vNovel disseisin: Basic 
638316vMort d’ancestor 
642318vDe avo et consanguineo 
643319r(1) i; (2) ?Nihil facturum. 
  Note: (1) Looks like some faint form of foliation or signature mark in the lower center. (2) For ‘nihil facturum’, see fol. 307r.
645320rEntry: Basicii 
647321rEntry: De intrusione; Formedoniii 
  Note: Floral design at bottom of page.
650322vEcclesiastical writs (2) 
  Note: Last numbered writ, no. 234, a quare incumbravit as indicated in the list of contents, but the writs continue.
  Note: End of register of writs. The page cuts off after five lines with a design in red ink.
660327vFet asaver. (Not in S.R.) 
  Note: (1) Elaborately decorated initial ‘F’, unfinished.
  Note: ? notes/marks in the lower left corner.
  Note: ? notes/marks in lower left corner.
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
667331r(1) 30; (2) A ii; (3) xvii ?xxlx; (4) ?Nihil facturum. 
  Note: (1) Formal additions marked with crosses. (2) For the first, second, and fourth markings in the lower margin that we have listed in the signature column, see fol. 307r. The third, the roman numerals, the second of which is impossible, are baffling.
669332rB ii 
671333rC ii 
673334rD ii 
  Note: Line drawing of a ?dog at the bottom of the page.
675335rE ii 
677336rF ii 
  Note: Formal addition marked with a cross.
679337rG ii 
  Note: The page carries over to one word on the next page.
683339r(1) Summons form. (2) Prerogativa regis, temp. incert. (S.R. [1] Not in S.R. [2] 1:226&ndash;) 
  Heading: (1)Explicit summa fet a sauer. (2) Sum’ Tolle. (3) Incipiunt prerogativa Regis.
  Note: (1) Penned grotesque on the explicit. (2) The meaning of the heading for the second item is unclear, but the text is a summons (sheriff of Midd. to his bailiff) in case of right in capite re land in Savoy. Form is ‘tali die et anno’. The hand looks 15th century. The prerogativa Regis is in the same hand. (3) No decorated initial capital on the Prerogativa. The scribe has added an ‘s’ where it ought to go.
685340rModus levandi fines, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:214) 
  Heading: modus Levandi Fines.
  Note: (1) No decorated initial capital. The scribe has added an ‘R’ where it ought to go. (2) Fifteenth-century hand continues. (3) Tears in page, minor damage to text.
687341rBlank except for a possible signature 
  Note: Page mostly torn out.
  Note: List of sales of various types of fish from a ?store. Stray piece of parchment probably used as a backing, page turned horizontally. Hand probably of 14th century [Images may be out of order].
690Blank possible pencilled layout 
695Back cover 


Preliminary Analysis of the Register of Writs



No heading found

The initial writ of right patent is tested by a King Edward at Westminster on 20 May in year 5. (The same date is found in the writ of right patent in the ‘false start’ on the register, described more fully in the table below. The interest of this false start lies in the fact that it begins with what seem to be judicial rather than original writs.) If this is Edward I, the year is 1277. That it is not Edward II is suggested not only by the contents of the register but also by the fact that Edward II was in York on 20 May of his fifth year. The script is a book hand, quite unusual, perhaps unique, among our registers of writs. The descriptions of the writs in the table are not found, as is usual, in the marginalia, but in an index, where they are numbered, with the number being placed next to the writ itself. We have found no attestation clauses that are filled out other than the one on the initial writ of right patent. That does not mean that they are not there; we have not checked them all. What is there in rather large quantity is what look like real names in writs rather than ‘A de B’. Once more we have not checked them all, and our confidence in the date of the writ of right patent could be upset by a more careful examination of the cast of characters. What we have found so far, however, is consistent with that date. For example, Gilbert de Clare (b. 1243, 7th earl of Gloucester and 6th of Hereford 1262–1295) is the addressee of a writ on fol. 322r. (See M. Altschul, in ODNB s.n.) The key to the date of the writ is that it refers to the brief vacancy in the see of Winchester between John Gervais and Nicholas of Ely from 19 or 20 Jan. to 2 May 1268, and to Nicholas as if he were alive; he died in 1280.

Our confidence in the date is based on the legal contents of the register. The limitation period for De nativo habendo is the coronation of Henry III, that for novel disseisin is the voyage of Henry III to Gascony. Both correspond to the limitation periods in Westminster I, c. 39, 3 Edw. 1, and they replace earlier limitation periods. The writs of entry, however, are still dealing with three degrees, per and cui, and do not know post. They have thus not fully come to grips with c. 29 of Marlborough. Trespass is there, but as an afterthought, after the numbering of the writs has ceased. The only possible references to Westminster II (1285) turn out to support the proposition that the register antedates 1285. There are two writs of formedon, one in the descender, one in reverter. The former is not in the form given in the statute, and the latter the statute itself says is already in ‘common use’ in the Chancery.

The following table gives the names of the writs as found in the numbered index and counts them. Two counts are given in the right-hand columns of the table. The first counts all the writs. The second excludes from the total all the writs where the heading includes the words ‘eodem’ or ‘aliter’.



578286vBrevia de Judicio de visu terre; Brevia ad suum Warrantum.22
Note: The first (incomplete) register of writs begins here. The first heading is flush left with a paragraph mark; the second is centered half-way down the page and may be in a different hand. The rest of the headers are incorporated into the text with paragraph marks.
580287vBrevia de judicio ad capiendum terram in manu domini Regis ad primam defaltam per magnum cape.11
582288vBrevia de eligendo magna assisa etc’.11
583289rIn brevi de consuetudinibus et serviciis sic; Item in brevi de quo iure sic fiat breve; Item in brevi de racionabilibus estoveriis sic fiat breve; Item in brevi de divisis sic.44
589292r[Breve de recto patens].11
Note: The page ends in the middle of the writ.
595295r[Not indexed] j; ij; iij.33
Note: The second register of writs begins here. In the manuscript, the writ titles are indicated by Roman numerals that refer to the initial index. We have transcribed the titles from the index here in place of the Roman numerals.
596295v[Not indexed] iiij; v; vj; vij; viij; ix.66
597296r[Not indexed] x; Breve quando quis clamat servicium unius militis; Breve de recto et consuetudinibus et serviciis; De pace cum tenens posuerit se in magnam assisam.44
598296vDe eligendo magnam assisam; De pace in Gavelkend; De Iurata loco magne assise in Gavelkend’; De pace de consuetudinibus et serviciis.44
599297rDe eligendo magnam assisam in consuetudinibus et serviciis; De mittendo quatuor milites ad videndum quod plena iusticia exhibeatur; De eodem quod vicecomiti assumptis secum quatuor sicut alias; De recordo et racionabili iudicio in comitatu; De eodem in curia aliter domini lecti.53
600297vDe procedendo in loquela; De mittendo quatuor milites ad videndum infirmum qui se essoniavit de malo; De videndo languidum quem voluerit ?attornia’ loco suo.33
601298rDe attornato coram quatuor milit’ faciend’ et coram aliis; De amovendo attornato.22
602298vDe attornato in falso iudicio; De ?warantia diei de servicio domini; Ne ponatur defalt’ in communis summonicionis.33
603299rDe licencia surgendi de malo lecti; De falso iudicio in comitatu; De eodem in curia alicuius domini; De eodem in dominico domini Regis.42
604299vDe falso iudicio in curia alicuius domini; Prohibicio pro hominibus qui sunt de veteri dominico domini Regis; Attachiamentum subsequens dictam prohibicionem.33
605300rPone in brevi de recto; Pone ad peticionem defendendam; Breve de recto de advocacione.33
606300vBreve de recto de advocacione ad bancum; De replegiando terram; De replegiando de advocacione; De ultimo presentacione ad bancum.44
607301rDe ultimo presentacione coram Iusticiariis assignatis; Patens inde; Attincta de ultima presentacione; Quare impedit.44
608301vBreve utrum; Patens inde; De attornato utrum; Prohibicio de advocacione.44
609302rBreve indicavit; Iudicavit parti ne sequatur.22
610302vAttachiamentum post indicavit; Prohibicio de catallis et debitis; Attachiamentum deserviens utriusque prohibicioni; ; Prohibicio de vasto in dote; Attachiamentum de vasto in dote; De sumon’ illo’ qui fecerint vast’.77
611303rProhibicio de laico feodo; Prohibiciones formate.22
612303vProhibicio de decimis; De excommunicato capiendo; De excommunicato capto deliberato; De eodem vicecomiti.43
613304rDe eodem episcopo; Quod maliciose excommunicatus pendente placito attachiamenti non capiatur; De averiis replegiandis.32
614304vDe eodem sicut alias ?? cam’ significes; De averiis replegiandis non obstante libertate; Pone de averiis ad peticionem petent’; Pone de averiis ad peticionem.43
615305rDe catallis replegiandis; Aliter de eodem; Quando vicecomes non returnat breve pro eo qui loquela tangit personam suam; De averiis fugientis de uno comitatu in alium replegiandis; De averiis rescussis; Breve ingrediend’ libertatem a averia.65
616305vDe recapcione averiorum; De recapcione post le pone; De moderata misericordia; De eodem vicecomiti.43
617306rDe nativis habens; Aliter de eodem; De nativis habens; Aliter de eodem; Pone de nativis; De libertate probanda; Aliter de eodem.74
618306vBreve ad distringendum villanos; Breve de tallagio; Breve de armis ?que quidam vocat’ de pace; Forma post forma de minis; De homine replegiando.55
619307rDe odio et hatia; De ponendo per ballivum; De appellis removendis coram Iusticiariis.33
620307vAttachiamentum pro morte hominis; Attachiamentum pro raptu roberia mahemio et pace fracta; De corodio recuperando; De balliva forestarie recuperanda; Ne quis implacitetur de libero tenemento suo sine precepto domini Regis; Ne quis faciat sectam quare non debet; De secta ad curiam; De secta ad molendinum.88
621308rDe molendino et mutan’; De compoto reddendo; De racionabile auro ad primum consilium.33
622308vDe ponte reparando; De stagno reparando; De walliis et fossatis reparandis; De curia claudenda; De aqua haurienda; De libero tauro vel apro habendo; De Grege adaquando; De Racionabili estovario habendo.88
623309rNe stat’ vast’ vel vendicio in bosco quo minius possit habere Estoverium; Ne fiat vastus quando pro indiviso tenetur boscus; De ?chiminagio habendo; De communa piscaria habenda; De homagio et racionabili relevio.55
624309vDe communa pastura habenda; De eodem ad certum numerum averiorum; De eodem in comitatu; De admensuracione pasture superhonerate; Quo iure; De racionabilibus divisis.64
625310rDe perambulacione; De venire inspiciendo; Rubrica de demio; De medio.44
626310vGracia pro tenente; De annuo redditu; De debito in comitatu.33
627311rNe plegii distringantur quam diu principalis debitor sufficiat soluere debitum; De pleg’ acquietand’; De catallis reddendis; De cartis redditis in comitatu; De warencia carte.55
628311vDe consuetudino et servicio; De libero passagio; De visu franci plegii; De emenda panis et cervisie; De convencione.55
629312rDe fine facto; De custodia terre et heredis; De custodia terre sine corpore.33
630312vDe custodia sokagii; De custodia terre socag’; De corpore heredis reddendo; De dote unde nichil habet; De eodem quando mater maritatur.54
631313rDe eodem de assensu patris; De dote in denaris; De dote in londonia; De admensuracione dotis; De attornato ad curia domini.54
632313vDe eodem ballivo alicuius curie; De eodem sicut alias; De eodem ad comitatum vel hundredum; Quando hundredum non est domini Regis; De eodem ad loquelam prosequendam; De attornoto per litteras patentes ad sectam faciendam; De eodem ad loquelas prosequendas et defendendas.72
633314rQuando aliquis contempuit admittere huius attornatatum; Attachiamentum sequens dicta brevia de attornato.22
634314vNe exigatur secte diverse ab uno; De decima de tenemento; De Redditu assignando; De disseisina coram Iusticiariis.44
635315rPatens inde ad iusticiarios; Patens; De fossato un’ ass’ capitur; De fossato sepe et stagno cor’; Patens inde.55
636315vDe via obstructa vel arcata; De cursu aque diverso.22
637316rDe disseisina de communa pasture; Patens inde; De attincta super assisam secundum omnem diversitatem; Patens inde singulis deserviens.44
638316vDe morte antecessoris ad primam assisam.11
639317rPro illo qui est infra etatem; Quando antecessor peregr’ profectus est l’ hereditum relig’ asumps’; Specialis iusticiariis in omni casu mortis antecessoris.33
640317vBreve patens ad iusticiarios.11
641318rBreve clausum de attincta mortis antecessoris; Patens inde; Precipe de avo et avia.33
642318vDe consanguinitate; Nuper obiit quod de racionabili parte appellatur.22
644319vBreve quod vocatur ad terminum qui preteriit appellantur; De eschaeta per bastardiam.22
645320rDe eschaete pro defectu’ hered’; Pro defect’ hered’ in maritagio; De eschaete per feloniam commissam; De ingressu ad ten’ in primo gradu; De eodem in secundo gradu; De eodem in tercio gradu; Dum non fuit compos mentis in primo gradu.75
646320vDe eodem in secundo gradu; De ingressu per disseisinam in primo gradu; De eodem in secundo gradu; De ingressu per custodem; De eodem in tercio gradu; De ingressu per muliere qui tenuit in dote.63
647321rDe ingressu per intrusionem post vitam illius qui tenuit; De ingressu per hutlagariam et postmodum ad ?ull’; De eodem in primo gradu; Secundum formam donacionis per descensum; De ten’ alien’ adiuc’ domini Reg’.54
648321vPer formam donacionis inhib’ mant’; Post dimissionem; De ingressu per custodem; De ingressu sine assensu domini episcopi vel decani et capituli; De ingressu quando dominus Rex dimittit ad terminum vite recipientis; De permittendo ?prosterner’ fossatum; De ingressu per ballivum.77
649322rDe ingressu per virum qui alienat ten’ un’ ipse et ux’ sua fr’ coniunctim fco’; De ingressu capitulo merton’ prelocuti; De ingressu per modum commissionis tere alienata per Regem; De ingressu per villanum; De permittendo reducere cursum aque.55
650322vDe anno et die in anno bisextili; Q’ iudicium reddit’ in aliquam curam; Inquisicio de eschaeta.33
651323rQuando vocatur ad warentum in curia baronis; Rubrica; De eodem ballivo curie; Qui in contrafaccione brevis de summon’ magnam assisam; Inquisicio de anno et die de vasto; De terra capienda domino post annum et diem.65
652323vDe attornato faciendo; Excusacio ut non fiat miles; Aliter de eodem; De substutucione unius militis loco alterius.43
653324rNe exigantur secte diverse ad nob’z; Ne fiat secta non per formam feofamenti; Prohibicio ne admittat.33
Note: The numbering of the writs ceases here with 234, but the writs continue.
654324vDe eodem in iudicib’; Quare vi et armis; De perdonacione pro morte hominis; Quare non admisit personam.43
655325rQuare incumbravit.11
Note: Page cuts off in mid-entry.




The total number of writs in the smaller count (which is closer to the way in which Hall counted the writs in his register ‘CC’), 220 (leaving out the writs in the ‘false start’), is similar to that, 237, in Hall’s ‘CC’, which Hall convincingly argued was a register dating from late in the reign of Henry III, somewhat awkwardly and imperfectly updated to match the date in its initial writ of right patent, 1 Jan. 1282. There is no evidence of awkward updating here, though, as noted above, there is evidence that the statute of Marlborough had not been fully absorbed with regard to writs of entry, and no evidence that Westminster II was in existence. The contents of the two registers are similar, without there being any indication that MS 33 was copied from Hall’s ‘CC’, or even that they shared a common original.

The 220 writs in the register seem to fall into standard groups, the contents of which are more fully explained in the Summary of Writs page. We list them here followed by an approximation of the proportion of the register that is devoted to each group: Right (16%), Ecclesiastical (13%) (includes waste), Replevin (8%), Criminal (3%), Rights in land (includes account) (8%), Annuity, Mesne, Debt, Warranty of charter (5%), Covenant, Wardship (3%), Dower (2%), Assizes, Local courts (just local courts in this ms.) (5%), Novel disseisin (6%), Mort d’ancestor (11%), Entry, Formedon (8%), Ecclesiastical addition (includes trespass) (13%). Our earliest register thus shows patterns of writs some of which can be found in all of our registers. These patterns, in fact, can also be mapped onto the writs in Hall’s ‘CC’, and thus antedate the reign of Edward I. They will, as we will see, become more refined as time goes on. In particular, the quite miscellaneous categories of Rights in land and Annuity, etc., will be broken down more precisely. The Ecclesiastical addition at the end is also found in later manuscripts. Unlike this manuscript, however, it tends to cover writs concerning the royal administration of benefices. Here it is a group of ecclesiastical writs that are normally found in the first ecclesiastical category, e.g., Quare non admisit and Quare incumbravit. This manuscript seems to associate these writs with trespass vi et armis. When we add the proportions of two ecclesiastical groups together, more than a quarter of the manuscript is devoted to ecclesiastical writs. That may suggest an ecclesiastical origin for this register, which might explain the unusual script.