The Harvard Law School’s Collection
of Medieval English Statute Books and
Registers of Writs

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HLS MS No. 28

England. Statutes Magna Carta to 12 Edw. 2. Register of Writs (c. 1325). Treatises.

ca. 1325



The HOLLIS cataloguing may be found here.

The cataloguing in Baker’s English Legal Manuscripts, 1, no. 105 reads as follows:

“MS. 28.

“C.xiv, 144 ff., oak boards. The first writ in the register concerns land in Yorkshire, and is tested 9 April 15 Edward. Also includes (ff. 140v-143v) a treatise on prohibition.

“Belonged to Titchfield Abbey, Hampshire, in 1400 (pressmark P.II); 'Liber abbatie Beate Marie de Tychefeld ordinis Premonstratensium Wyntonie diocesis juxta Hamelhouke in comitatu Suth.' (places misread in Census); the abbey was surrendered to the crown in 1537; this MS. was bought by Hayes of Manchester at S. in C.xix; later belonged to Alfred John Horwood (d. 1881); his sale, S. 8 June 1883, no. 1291, to Rider; acquired by George Dunn in Dec. 1906; his sale, S. 11 Feb. 1913, no. 164; bought privately by HLS.

Census, I, 1028, no. 28; N.R. Ker, Medieval Libraries of Great Britain (1964), 190; Early Registers, xxvi, cxvi n. 9.”

The manuscript measures approximately 250 X 171 mm.

The oak board binding is old, probably before 1500, and stained with a dark polish. The binding is in rather poor condition. The spine cover is missing, if there ever was one, and the stitching that holds the thongs to the boards and the leaves is broken in some places. There are holes on the front and back covers where a full-length clasp or set of clasps may have been attached.

A chunk of the manuscript is missing from the lower outer corner. It may be the product of rodents or of something that happened while the manuscript was unbound. It rarely affects the main text, but has caused damage to the bottom marginalia in the register of writs.

The manuscript has no original foliation. It may originally have had signatures in the missing lower corner. There is a modern pencilled foliation in the upper right-hand corner, which begins with Magna Carta (seq. 8), and ends at 145 on the first of the two end pages. Baker and HOLLIS list the number of folios as 144, which corresponds to the main manuscript minus the initial and final bifolia. (The former contains a table of contents.) Our digital foliation continues into the final end end pages, giving a total of 146.

The quiring is an irregular mix of quaternions and ternions with bifolia at the beginning and end. At least two folios are missing, one after fol. 137; the other somewhere in the final quire before the bifolium. Nothing seems to missing in the text at either place. We are unsure where the quire break occurs between fols. 117 and 126. It is possible that it is a quinternion. Collation follows:

Collation: 12 (unfoliated), 2–48 (f. 1–24), 56 (f. 24–30), 6–88 (f. 31–54), 96 (f. 55–60), 10–118 (f. 61–76), 126 (f. 77–82), 13–148 (f. 83–98), 15–176 (f. 99–116), 18–19? (f. 117–126), 208 (f. 127–134), 216 (f. 135–139, lacks 1 after 137), 226 (f. 140–144 lacks 1), 232 (f. 145–146).

The manuscript has no illustrations or decorated capitals, although spaces are left where the latter ought to have gone, sometimes with small letters to indicate them.

Both sections of the main manuscript are laid out with pricks in the outside magin. There are pencilled lines for a header, 37 long lines of text, and a large space at the bottom. The statute book and register of writs (which begins on fol. 61r) are written in semi-cursive English legal scripts. At least two scribes were at work. Beginning on fol. 140v, the items (Regia prohibicio, Articuli cleri, and Dies Communes in Banco) are written in a book hand. The initial and final bifolia contain pages from an earlier liturgical manuscript written in a bold gothic script.

The last datable item in the statute book is the statute of York of 12 Edward II. We are inclined to date the register of writs to the reign of Edward II, and there is one writ dated in his eighteenth year (see the introduction to the register, below). That would make the last datable item in the main manuscript 1325. The contents and table of the register are written in a fifteenth-century script, probably at Titchfield Abbey, which may also be where the binding was done.

The register of writs is of some interest. It is treated in detail after the folio-by-folio analysis of the manuscript.


Summary Contents

Clicking on the item in question will open the first sequence for the item in the PDS in a new tab or window.


  Seq. Fol. No. Item  
8–13f. 1r–3v1Magna Carta, as confirmed 25 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:114–19) 
13–15f. 3v–4v2Forest Charter, as confirmed 25 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:120–2) 
15–16f. 4v–5r3Sentencia lata super Cartas (S.R. 1:6) 
16–18f. 5r–6r4Provisions of Merton, 20 Hen. 3 (S.R. 1:1–4) 
19–26f. 6v–10r5Statute of Marlborough, 52 Hen. 3 (S.R. 1:19–25) 
26–41f. 10r–17v6Statute of Westminster I, 3 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:26–39) 
41–45f. 17v–19v7Statute of Gloucester, 6 Edw. 3 (S.R. 1:45–50) 
45–45f. 19v–19v8‘Explanation’ of statute of Gloucester, 6 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:50) 
46–75f. 20r–34v9Statute of Westminster II, 13 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:71–95) 
75–77f. 34v–35v10Statute of Fines, 27 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:126–30) 
77–78f. 35v–36r11Statute De presentibus vocatis ad warrantum, 20 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:108–9) 
78–78f. 36r–36r12Statute De viris religiosis, 7 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:51) 
78–79f. 36r– 36v13Statute of Westminster III, 18 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:106) 
79–80f. 36v–37r14Statute of conspirators (pt. 1), temp. incert. (S.R. 1:216) 
80–80f. 37r–37r15Statute of conspirators (pt. 2), temp. incert. (S.R. 1:216) 
80–81f. 37r–37v16Statutum De quo warranto, 18 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:107) 
81–81f. 37v–37v17Modus calumpniandi essoniam, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:217–18) 
81–82f. 37v–38r18Statutum de magnis assisis et duellis, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:281) 
82–83f. 38r–38v19Statutum Hibernie de coheredibus, 20 Hen. 3 (S.R. 1:5) 
83–83f. 38v–38v20Statute De defensione iuris, 20 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:110) 
83–87f. 38v–40v21Statute of Merchants, 11 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:53–4) 
87–90f. 40v–42r22Statute of Winchester, 13 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:96–8) 
90–93f. 42r–43v23‘Statutes of the Exchequer’, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:197 (semel) – (ter)) 
94–94f. 44r–44r24Districtiones scaccarii, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:197 (ter) – 198) 
94–95f. 44r–44v25Statutum de tallagio, 25 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:125) 
95–95f. 44v–44v26Statutum de anno et die, 40 Hen. 3 (S.R. 1:7) 
95–101f. 44v–46r27Prerogativa regis, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:226–7) 
98-99f. 46r-46v28Statutum de militibus, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:229) 
99-100f. 46v-47r29De catallis felonum, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:230) 
100-101f. 47r-47v30Statutum de iusticiis assignandis, quod vocatur Rageman, 4 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:44) 
101–101f. 47v–47v31Circumspecte agatis (pt. 1), 13 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:101) 
101–102f. 47v–48r32Circumspecte agatis (pt. 2), 13 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:101–2) 
102–102f. 48r–48r33Statute of Joint-tenants, 34 Edw. 1 (last paragraph) (S.R. 1:147) 
102–103f. 48r–48v34Statute of weights and measures, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:204–5) 
103–104f. 48v–49r35De inquisicio post districcionem (Not in S.R.) 
104–107f. 49r–50v36Dampna in triplo (Not in S.R.) 
107–108f. 50v–51r37Statute of Joint-tenants, 34 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:145–7) 
108–109f. 51r–51v38Statute of Waste, 20 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:109–10) 
109–110f. 51v–52r39View of frankpledge, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:246–7) 
110–110f. 52r–52r40Statutum de homagio et fidelitate faciendis, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:227–8) 
110–111f. 52r–52v41?Ordinance concerning gaol delivery (Not in S.R.) 
111–114f. 52v–54r42Statute of York, 12 Edw. 2 (S.R. 1:177–9) 
114–114f. 54r–54r43De warrantia carte (Not in S.R.) 
114–115f. 54r–54v44Statute of amortising lands, 20 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:111) 
115–116f. 54v–55r45Articles of inquiry on the statute of Winchester, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:245–6) 
116–116f. 55r–55r46Statutum de admensuratione terre, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:206–7) 
116–116f. 55r–55r47Distinctiones socagii (Not in S.R) 
117–117f. 55v–55v48Statute of Carlisle, 35 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:150–2) 
117–118f. 55v–56r49Statutum super vicecomitem et clericos suos, temp. incert (S.R. 1:210–12) 
118–118f. 56r–56r50Statutum de proteccionibus non allocatis, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:217) 
119–119f. 56v–56v51Turnus vicecomitis (Not in S.R.) 
119–121f. 56v–57v52Diffinicio tenementorum (Not in S.R.) 
128–286f. 61r–140r53Register of Writs (Not in S.R.) 
128–139f. 61r–66v54(1) De brevibus de recto 
139–153f. 66v–73v55(2) De execucione iudicii 
153–161f. 73v–77v56(3) De prohibicionibus 
162–167f. 78r–80v57(4) De excommunicatis capiendis 
167–171f. 80v–82v58(5) De vasto in dotem 
171–177f. 82v–85v59(6) De averiis replegiandis 
177–183f. 85v–88v60(7) De recordare de averiis 
184–187f. 89r–90v61(8) De nativis habendis 
187–197f. 90v–95v62(9) De transgressionibus 
198–203f. 96r–98v63(10) De audiendo et terminando 
204–211f. 99r–102v64(11) De appellacionibus 
212–215f. 103r–104v65(12) De compoto reddendo 
216–219f. 105r–106v66(13) De pontibus et stagnis reparandis 
220–220f. 107r–107r67(14) De medio 
221–222f. 107v–108r68(15) De annuo redditu 
222–229f. 108r–111v69(16) De debito 
230–231f. 112r–112v70(17) De plegiis acquietandis 
231–234f. 112v–114r71(18) De convencionibus 
234–237f. 114r–115v72(19) De finibus faciendis 
237–245f. 115v–119v73(20) De attornato pro secta faciendo 
245–251f. 119v–122v74(21) De custodia terre et heredis habendis 
251–273f. 122v–133v75(22) De non ponendis in assisa 
273-277f. 133v-135v76(23) De morte antecessoris 
277–282f. 135v–138r77(24) De escaetis 
282-287f. 138r-140v78(25) De protexcionibus cum omnibus clausulis 
287–289f. 140v–141v79Regia prohibicio (Not in S.R.) 
289–293f. 141v–143v80Articuli cleri, 9 Edw. 2, stat. 1 (S.R. 1:171–4) 
294–294f. 144r–144r81Dies communes in banco, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:208) 


Detailed Contents

Clicking on the sequence number will open that sequence in the PDS in a new tab or window.


  Seq. Fol. Label Header  
 2Front cover 
 3Inside front cover, with bookplate, From the Library of George Dunn, Gift of the Alumni of the Harvard Law School 
 4no fol., no sig.Medieval endpaper made from scraps of a liturgical manuscript 
 5no fol., no sig.Medieval endpaper made from scraps of a liturgical manuscript 
 6no fol., no sig.Table of contents on medieval endpaper made from scraps of a liturgical manuscript; pencilled notes of George Dunn 
 7no fol., no sig.Table of contents on medieval endpaper made from scraps of a liturgical manuscript 
 81rMagna Carta, as confirmed 25 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:114–19)Magna Carta 
Note: The lower margin is marked ‘P. II’.
 133vForest Charter, as confirmed 25 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:120–2)Magna Carta 
Heading: Carta de Foresta.
 144rCarta de Foresta 
 154vSentencia lata super Cartas (S.R. 1:6)Carta de Foresta 
Heading: Sentencia lata sup’ cartas.
 165rProvisions of Merton, 20 Hen. 3 (S.R. 1:1–4)Sentencia lata 
Heading: Provisiones de Mertone.
 196vStatute of Marlborough, 52 Hen. 3 (S.R. 1:19–25)Marleberg’ 
Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
 2610rStatute of Westminster I, 3 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:26–39)Westm’ p’mu’ 
Heading: Incipit Statutu’ Westm’ p’mu’.
Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
 4117vStatute of Gloucester, 6 Edw. 3 (S.R. 1:45–50) 
Heading: Expliciunt Statutua Westm’ primu’. Incipiunt statuta Gloucestr’.
 4519v‘Explanation’ of statute of Gloucester, 6 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:50) 
Heading: Expliciunt statuta Glouc’ Incipiu’t Explanac’ones eor’dem.
 4620rStatute of Westminster II, 13 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:71–95)Westm’ sc’dm 
Heading: Expliciunt explanaciones Glouc’ Incipiunt Statuta Westm’ Sc’do.
Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
 7534vStatute of Fines, 27 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:126–30)de finibz 
Heading: Expliciunt statuta Westm’ Sc’di: Incipit stat’ quia fines’.
 7635rDe finibz 
 7735vStatute De presentibus vocatis ad warrantum, 20 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:108–9)De vocatis ad Warr’m 
Heading: Explicit statut’ de finibz. Incipit stat’ de vocat’ ad Warr’m.
 7836r(1) Statute De viris religiosis, 7 Edw. 1 (2) Statute of Westminster III, 18 Edw. 1 [S.R. (1) 1:51 (2) 1:106 ]De Religios’ 
Heading: (1) Incipit statutu’ de Religiosis. (2) Incipit Statutu de emptoribz terrar’.
 7936vStatute of conspirators(pt. 1), temp. incert. (S.R. 1:216)De emptoribz 
Heading: Incipit statutum de champart’.
Note: Statute divided into two sections.
 8037r(1) Statute of conspirators, (pt. 2) temp. incert. (2) Statutum De quo warranto, 18 Edw. 1 [S.R. (1) 1:216 (2) 1:107 ] 
Heading: (1) Incipit statutu’ de conspiratoribz. (2) Incipit statutu’ de quo Warranto.
Note: (1) Statute divided into two sections.
 8137v(1) Modus calumpniandi essoniam, temp. incert. (2) Statutum de magnis assisis et duellis, temp. incert. [S.R. (1) 1:217–18 (2) 1:281 ]modus calumpniandi esson’ 
Heading: (1) Modus calu’pniandi esson’. (2) Incipit statutu’ de duello et assisa.
 8238rStatutum Hibernie de coheredibus, 20 Hen. 3 (S.R. 1:5)De duello et assisis De coheredibz 
Heading: Incipit statutu’ de coheredibuz.
 8338v(1) Statute De defensione iuris, 20 Edw. 1 (2) Statute of Merchants, 11 Edw. 1 [S.R. (1) 1:110 (2) 1:53–4 ]De mercatoribz 
Heading: (1) Incipit statutu’ de petentibuz admitti. (2) Incipit statutu’ de mercatoribus.
Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
 8439rDe mercatoribz 
 8539vDe mercatoribz 
 8640rDe mercatorib’s 
 8740vStatute of Winchester, 13 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:96–8)Winton’ 
Heading: Incipit statutum de Wyntonia’.
 9042r‘Statutes of the Exchequer’, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:197 (semel) – (ter))De sc’cario 
Heading: Incipit statutum de sc’cario.
 9243rDe sc’cario 
 9444r(1) Districtiones scaccarii, temp. incert. (2) Statutum de tallagio, 25 Edw. 1 [S.R. (1) 1:197 (ter) – 198 (2) 1:125 ] 
Heading: (1) Incipit districciones sc’carii. (2) Incipit statutu’ de tallagio.
 9544v(1) Statutum de anno et die, 40 Hen. 3 (2) Prerogativa regis, temp. incert. [S.R. (1) 1:7 (2) 1:226–7 ]De tallag’ De Anno et die Bisext’ 
Heading: (1) Incipit Statutu’ de Anno et Die bisext’. (2) Incipit prerogativa Regis.
 9745vPrerogativa Regis 
 9846rStatutum de militibus, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:229) 
Heading: Incipit Statutu’ de resp’c’u milicie.
 9946vDe catallis felonum, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:230)t’rris eor’ 
Heading: Incipit statutum de felonibus et terris eorum.
Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
 10047rStatutum de iusticiis assignandis, quod vocatur Rageman, 4 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:44) 
Heading: Incipit statutu’ de Rageman.
 10147v(1) Circumspecte agatis, 13 Edw. 1 (2) Circumspecte agatis, 13 Edw. 1 [S.R. (1) 1:101–2 (2) 1:101–2 ] 
Heading: (1) Incipit Statutu’ de Regia prohib’one. (2) Incipiu’t ar’culi contra Regia prohib’oni.
Note: Statute divided into two sections.
 10248r(1) Statute of Joint-tenants, 34 Edw. 1 (last paragraph) (2) Statute of weights and measures, temp. incert. [S.R. (1) 1:147 (2) 1:204–5 ]De brevi indicavit 
Heading: (1) Incipit de brevi indicavit. (2) Incipit tractatus de ponderibz.
 10348vDe inquisicio post districcionem (Not in S.R.) 
Heading: De Inqius’ post districcionem.
Note: Not a statute but like Dampna in triplo which follows, this is in the form of Notabilia statutorum. Incipit: In vasto ut secundo statuto Westm’ capitulo xv. Explicit: Item in admensuracione dotis et pasture ut in primo statuto Westm’ c. vij viij. Unlike Dampna in triplo, this text does not seem to be in Baker, Cambridge Legal Manuscripts..
 10449rDampna in triplo (Not in S.R.) 
Heading: Dampna in triplo.
Note: Not a statute or a statute-like instrument, but private notes on statutes that deal with multiple damages and penalties. Incipit: ‘In vasto ut in statuto Glou’ c. vj.’ (the reference is to c. 5, which provides for triple damages). Explicit: ‘Item in utroque placito de custodia excepta custodia de custodia ut in etc. Cf. MS 177. Baker, Cambridge Legal Manuscripts, 62–3, has a number of other examples. The text may have been semi-standard.
Marginalia: (1) dampna in duplo (2) dampna ?generalia (3) prisona duorum annorum.
Marginalia: (1) prisona xl dierum (2) prisona dimidii anni (3) prisona incerta (4) prisona voluntaria (5) prescriptio temporis (6) secta regis.
 10750vStatute of Joint-tenants, 34 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:145–7) 
Heading: Incipit Stat’ de co’iu’ctis Feoffatis.
 10851rStatute of Waste, 20 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:109–10) 
Heading: Botiller.
Note: The statute of Waste is sometimes called the statute of [William] Botiller (Botiler, Butler) because, as the text makes clear, it arose out of the case involving a man by that name.
 10951vView of frankpledge, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:246–7) 
Heading: Incipit visus francipleg’.
 11052r(1) Statutum de homagio et fidelitate faciendis, temp. incert. (2) ?Ordinance concerning gaol delivery [S.R. (1) 1:227–8 (2) Not in S.R.] 
Heading: (1) Modus faciendi homag’ et fidelitate. (2) Incipit Statutum de person’ delib’ et deliber’.
Note: We have been unable to find the second item, which appears to be an ordinance of uncertain date concerning goal delivery. Considering the other contents of the manuscript this is almost certainly an ordinance of either Edward I or Edward II. Not in Cal. Pat. R.
 11152vStatute of York, 12 Edw. 2 (S.R. 1:177–9) 
Heading: Incipit Statutu’ de Ebor’.
Note: There seems to be a change in hand here.
 11454r(1) De warrantia carte (2) Statute of amortising lands, 20 Edw. 1 [S.R. (1) Not in S.R. (2) 1:111 ] 
Heading: (1) Incipit statutu’ de simplicibz cartis. (2) Incipit statutu’ p’ terres amorcir’.
Note: The second item is in what may be different hand. Incipit: De simplicibus cartis sine clausula warrantizacionis. Explicit: obligatus fortiter se ipsum ad paccionem tenendam dicto feoffato quasi pro debito dicti donatoris. This tract is mentioned in Baker, Cambridge Legal Manuscripts, 527, with references to seven manuscripts, none of which are in Cambridge and to which add this one.
 11554vArticles of inquiry on the statute of Winchester, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:245–6) 
Heading: Incipit articuli Winton’.
Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
 11655r(1) Statutum de admensuratione terre, temp. incert. (2) Distinctiones socagii [S.R. (1) 1:206–7 (2) Not in S.R ] 
Heading: (1) Modus mensurandi pasturam. (2) Incipit distinctio socagii.
Note: The tract on socage appears in a number of ‘statute books’ and elsewhere. See the extensive list given in Baker, Catalogue of Cambridge Legal Manuscripts, 97, to which add the HLS examples.
 11755v(1) Statute of Carlisle, 35 Edw. 1 (2) Statutum super vicecomitem et clericos suos, temp. incert [S.R. (1) 1:150–2 (2) 1:210–12 ] 
Heading: (1) Incipit statutu’ de Karl’. (2) Incipit statutu’ pro vic’ et clericis suis puniend’ pro falsis ?retornis brevium.
 11856rStatutum de proteccionibus non allocatis, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:217) 
Heading: Incipit statut’ de protexionibz.
 11956v(1) Turnus vicecomitis (2) Diffinicio tenementorum [S.R. (1) Not in S.R. (2) Not in S.R. ] 
Heading: (1) Incipit turnus vicecomitis et c’. (2) Incipit diffinicio tenementor’ et c’.
Note: The first item is a writ by a King Edward to the sheriff of Norfolk purporting to transmit an ordinance concerning the sheriff’s and bailiffs’ tourn. Incipit: Quia audivimus quod subbalivi tui N. [et] ballivi aliorum qui hundredum habent. Explicit: inquisiciones de placitis Corone ut de morte hominis. The second item is identified in an early modern hand as coming from Bracton ‘11.35’. It does, indeed, come from Bracton, f. 77b–78, Thorne ed., p. 225–8. The incipit, ‘Tenementorum aliud tenetur per servicium de quibus homagium faciendum est’, is in Bracton as is a considerable amount of what follows. The explicit, ‘de consuetudinibus vel per modum donatoris observetur etc.’, does not seem to be in Bracton and calls for further investigation.
 12861rRegister of Writs: (1) De brevibus de recto 
Note: The numbered headings are derived from the table on fol. 144v, to which the headers found on the pages correspond, with some variance, as noted. See further the analysis of the register, below.
 13966v(2) De execucione iudicii 
Note: De iudicio falso is found on this page, followed by a number of similar writs.
 15373v(3) De prohibicionibus 
Note: The first writ of prohibition is, in fact, on fol. 70v.
 16278r(4) De excommunicatis capiendis4 
Note: De excommunicato capiendo and related writs begin on this page.
 16780v(5) De vasto in dotem 
Note: De vasto in dotem begins on this page, followed by many dower writs.
 17182v(6) De averiis replegiandis 
Note: Recordare de averiis begins on this page.
 17785v(7) De recordare de averiis 
Note: Recordare de averiis begins on this page.
 18489r(8) De nativis habendis8 
Note: De nativis habendis begins on this page.
 18790v(9) De transgressionibus 
Note: De transgressione in comitatu begins on this page.
 19896r(10) De audiendo et terminando10 
Note: De audiendo et terminando begins on this page.
Note: The header here and on fol. 98r seem to be a mistake. The criminal writs begin on fol. 99r with de odio et atia .
 20499r(11) De appellacionibus11 
Note: Writs concerning criminal process begin on this page with de odio et atia.
 212103r(12) De compoto reddendo12 
Note: De compoto reddendo begins on this page.
 216105r(13) De pontibus et stagnis reparandis13 
Note: De pontibus begins on this page.
 220107r(14) De medio14 
 221107v(15) De annuo redditu15 
Note: This is the only one where a section header is found on the verso, where De annuo redditu is also found.
 222108r(16) De debito16 
Note: The beginning of the debt writs are found on this page.
 230112r(17) De plegiis acquietandis17 
 231112v(18) De convencionibus 
Note: De conventione begins on this page.
 234114r(19) De finibus faciendis18 
Note: The header here is mistaken. It should be 19 to correspond to the list of contents. The misnumbering continues to the end of the register.
 237115v(20) De attornato pro secta faciendo 
Note: De attornatu pro secta facienda is found here.
 245119v(21) De custodia terre et heredis habendis 
Note: De custodia terre begins on this page.
 251122v(22) De non ponendis in assisa 
Note: De non ponendis begins on this page.
 273133v(23) De morte antecessoris 
Note: The first mort d’ancestor is found on this page, but writs of novel disseisin begin on fol. 125, and writs of redisseisin on fol. 132v.
 277135v(24) De escaetis 
Note: De escaeta per bastardum is found on this page, followed by other writs of escheat, but there are writs of escheat earlier (e.g., fol. 99v).
 282138r(25) De protexcionibus cum omnibus clausulis23 
Note: De proteccionibus is found on this page; the change in header appears one fol. too late.
Note: See the note at fol. 138r.
 287140vRegia prohibicio (Not in S.R.) 
Heading: In quibus regia prohibicio locum habeat et quibus non.
Note: Written in a book hand, this item and the following seem to constitute a treatise on prohibitions. This item is not the same as the Appendix to Circumspecte agatis in S.R. 1:101 with the incipit ’Sub hac forma impetrant laici prohibitionem‘, and which appears in a number of manuscripts in Baker, Catalogue of Cambridge Legal Manuscripts. Incipit: Ad cancellariam prohibicionem impetratur non expresso nomine impetrantis sub hac forma: ex realtu plurimorum, etc. Explicit: salvis etiam ?decimis defunctorum hiis que conseutudinaliter dari solent etc.
 289141vArticuli cleri, 9 Edw. 2, stat. 1 (S.R. 1:171–4) 
Heading: In quibus casibus cessat prohibicio regia.
Note: See the note on the previous item. This item, however, would seem to be a text of Articuli cleri.
Note: Note at end of text: ‘Nov 24 A.D. 1202[struck out] 1315 10 Edw. 2nd’.
 294144rDies communes in banco, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:208) 
Heading: Dies communes in banco.
Note: Note at end of text in 19th-century hand: ‘Finis. Anno Domini [begin strikethrough]1?882 10th of Edward 1st[end strikethrough]’.
 295144vContents of register of writs 
Note: This table is transcribed below.
 296145rMedieval endpaper made from scraps of a liturgical manuscript 
 297145vMedieval endpaper made from scraps of a liturgical manuscript 
 298146rMedieval endpaper made from scraps of a liturgical manuscript 
 299146vMedieval endpaper made from scraps of a liturgical manuscript 
 300no fol., no sig.Inside back cover 
 301no fol., no sig.Back cover 


Preliminary Analysis of the Register of Writs



Registrum brevium cancelrie regis

The initial writ of right patent in the register is addressed to the bailiffs of ‘K’ (perhaps Kingston upon Hull) and threatens action by the sheriff of Yorkshire. It is tested by the king at ‘C. novum’ on 9 April in Year 15. The king’s style does not include the claim to France, making it less likely that Edward III is intended. ‘C. novum’ is probably Newcastle. None of the three Edwards was at Newcastle on 9 April in the fifteenth year of his reign, but Edward II was at Altoft or Pontefract in Yorkshire. (The other two were at London/Westminster.) The identification of the king as Edward II would seem to be reinforced by the reference on fol. 101v to Edward I as ‘pater noster’ (the writ = R 407, in Early Registers, p. 205–6). The last writ in the register is dated at ‘Havente’ (probably Havant, co. Hants.) 24 May in Year 18. Neither Edward II nor Edward III was dating documents there in his 18th Year. (Edward III was dating documents at Marlborough on 24 May in Year 18 [1344]). Edward II was dating documents at Beaulieu on 24 May in Year 18 [1325]. That, at least, gets us in the right end of the right county.

The contents of the Register are quite similar to those of Hall’s Bodleian Register ‘R’, which he dates to 1318/20. It is not, however, a copy of that Register, for though the contents are similar, the arrangement is not the same. Indeed, there is some reason to think that it may be just a bit earlier than Register R, because it contains the dating clause in the last writ, which is the same as R 372 (p. 194), where the dating clause has been edited out. The last writ is not in the place where we would expect to find it, along with the criminal writs, and where it is in Register R. That would suggest that its inclusion in our register was a last-minute addition. All of this may suggest that Register R may be a bit later than Hall’s dates. It certainly suggests that the terminus a quo for the final redaction of our register is 1325, but we have found nothing so far that would require a date later than that.

The register is of interest, not only for its contents but also because someone in the fifteenth century, perhaps a canon of Tichfield or a lawyer working for the abbey, undertook to organize it into capitula. He recorded his organization in a table on a spare page (fol. 144v) and then proceeded to put headers corresponding to his numbers on the rectos of the register:

Registrum brevium cancelrie supra scriptum et intitulatum distinguitur in xxv capitulis quorum

Primum tractat de brevibus de recto
Secundum de execucione iudicii
Tercium de prohibicionibus
Quartum de excommunicatis capiendis
Quintum de vasto in dotem
Sextum de averiis replegiandis
Septimum de recordare de averiis
Octavum de nativis habendis
Nonum de transgressionibus
Decimum de audiendo et terminando
Undecimum de appellacionibus
Duodecimum de compoto reddendo
Terciumdecimum de pontibus et stagnis reparandis
Quartumdecimum de medio
Quintumdecimum de annuo redditu
Sextumdecimum de debito
Septimumdecimum de plegiis acquietandis
Octavumdecimum de convencionibus
Nonumdecimum de finibus faciendis
Vicesimum de attornato pro secta faciendo
Vicesimumprimum de custodia terre et heredis habendis
Vicesimumsecundum de non ponendis in assisa
Vicesimumtercium de morte antecessoris
Vicesimumquartum de escaetis
Vicesimumquintum de protexcionibus cum omnibus clausulis

This is not the way that we would have organized the register, but we have used this organization to divide up the register into sections, above, starting at fol. 61r.

Prior to the effort to organize the register in the fifteenth century, there were some earlier efforts. Fol. 102v has a heading written at the bottom of the page in litterae notabiliores: ‘Sequitur de compoto reddendo in comitatu’. On fol. 107v, the note ‘De debito’ is written in litterae notabiliores with a paragraph mark. On fol. 122v, there is a ‘C’ written in litterae notabiliores next to the note of the writ ‘De Baronibus non ponantur’, the first of a long series of writs about who should not serve on assizes. On fol. 133v, the note of the writ ‘De morte antecessoris’ may be written in litterae notabiliores. ‘De ingressu ad terminum qui preteriit’ (fol. 135v), ‘Forma’ in ‘Forma donacionis’ (fol. 137v), and ‘Proteccio cum omnibus clausulis’ (fol. 138r) are definitely so written. There is a paragraph mark next to ‘De nova disseisina’ (fol. 125v) and a heading on fol. 132v, ‘De redisseisina’, but both of these may date from the time of the organizing in the fifteenth century.

The analysis of the manuscript immediately above (beginning at fol. 61r) shows how this scheme was implemented in the headers in the register. It works quite well for a while. Section 19 in the scheme was skipped, leading to the header numbers being one fewer than that those in the scheme. There are a couple of other oddities. If, however, one asks the question whether someone could find what he was looking for on the basis of the scheme, the answer to that question is ‘probably yes’. Skipped numbers are common not only in medieval manuscript but today. Everyone who was trying to use medieval indices must have been aware to beware. If it’s not where it is marked, look to one number before or one number after.

Of more interest is the way in which the scheme is put together. One could, of course, index all the writs alphabetically. Indices of this nature are to be found with statutes, dating from at least the second half of the fifteenth century. Arrangements of reported cases by topic go back to the late 13th century. We have not, however, at least so far, found any indices of writs. There clearly were notions, however, that certain kinds of writs go together. The most obvious are already recorded in the registers. There is a writ of a particular type followed by ‘aliter’ or ‘de eodem’, the same writ with variants to fit different facts. There is also considerable evidence of grouping together writs of different types that seem to go together according to some organizing principle. Debt and covenant are frequently found together. Writs concerning the church courts and churches are frequently grouped together. A search for more general organizing principles was going on, but the system of writs was difficult to organize.

Our fifteenth-century organizer began, as do all the registers that we have seen, with writs of right. He then came up with his most general organizing principle: De execucione iudicii, all of which have to do with writs of right and their variants. What he has here, for the most part, does not concern the execution of judgment but preventing it: writs of error and of pone. He then made what to us is a mistake. He failed to see that the ‘ecclesiastical’ writs begin on fol 69v. He does not notice this until fol. 73v where he marks a section for prohibitions; the first writ of prohibition is on fol. 70v.

‘Execution of judgment’ is the last time that he attempts a general organizing principle. After that he uses the names of the writs, and lets the reader figure out what might go with them. That does not mean that general organizing principles are not lurking in the back of his mind. He has an ecclesiastical section De prohibitionibus, preventing the church courts from doing something, and another De excommunicatis capiendis, helping the church courts to do something. De vasto in dotem is not only about waste in dower; rather it is fairly large collection of writs concerning waste generally. De nativis habendis concerns not only serfs but various rights of lordship, such as scutage.

There are some divisions that seem to us to be odd. Items (6) and (7) seem to us to go together; both concern replevin. Similarly, item (9) and (10) both concern trespass (item [10], despite its title is not about oyer and terminer generally), and from our point of view, fol. 100r, would be a better place to begin a section on criminal appeals (and criminal matters generally) with the writ De odio et atia. A number of things are tucked in under categories where they don’t belong there. The criminal writs include a page of writs about secta ad moldendinum (fol. 102v), which clearly has nothing to do with crime. Even more striking is the characterization of the section on the petty assizes as being about mort d’ancestor, when far more of them deal with novel disseisin. Our organizer may have noticed this absence, because someone, in a hand similar to his if it is not his, marked the first appearance of novel disseisin with a paragraph mark and put in a heading for reddiseisina (fol. 125v, 132v).

The register has no title. It begins immediately with the writ of right. As noted above, the fifteenth-century organizer thought of it as having a title: ‘Registrum brevium cancelrie supra scriptum et intitulatum’. It is possible that it originally did have a title that somehow has gotten lost, but the register begins a new and complete quire, and there are blank pages preceding it where such a title could have been put. It seems more likely that our organizer was referring to the table of contents on seq. 7, for which he may also have been responsible. There we find, just where we would expect it: ‘Registrum brevium cancelrie regis’.



 12861rBreve de recto; Regula; Ballivis honoris; Regula; Aliter; Regula; De recto domino feodi; Quando plures uni deforciant.54 
 12961vRegula; Aliter; Regula; Aliter pro servicium militar’; Aliter pro servicium militar’.30 
 13062r1Regula; De recto custodi terre et heredis; Regula; Regula; De recto in London; De recto in quinque portubus; Regula; De recto de dote.44 
 13162vDe recto de dote qundo partem habet et partem non; Aliter; Regula; Regula; De dote quando tenementum petitum pertinet ad tenementum quod tenetur; De dote de medietate; Regula; [Damaged].54 
 13263r1[Page is cut off on the side in addition to the normal damage to the bottom outside corner] Regula; Aliter; Regula; De ...; Regula; Aliter; Regula; De ... partem ... ten... partem; Regula; Sede [va]cante; Ballivis ...; Regula; Regula; ....75 
 13363v[Page is cut off on the side in addition to the normal damage to the bottom outside corner] Regula; Regula; ...; Regula; ...; ....33 
Note: Margin torn lengthwise; marginalia unclear.
 13464r1Precipe in capite magna carta c. xiij; Aliter; De recto secundum consuetudinem manerii; Aliter pro consuetudinem manerii in ?Curia; Regula; De attachiamento domini curie quando recusat breve recipere et curiam suam tenere; Aliter de attachiando ballivos suos.63 
Note: The reference to Magna Carta is to c. 24 (1225).
 13564vAliter; De recto ne iniuste vexes; Regula; De attornato habendo in brevi ne iniuste vexes; Regula; Regula; Prohibicio quando tenens posuit se in magnam assisam; Aliter in curia alicuius; Aliter; De eligendo magnam assisam; Regula; [damaged].85 
 13665r1Aliter de consuetudinibus et serviciis; De pace in Gavelkyng [sic]; Regula; Regula; Regula; De videndo quod iusticia exhibeatur in brevi de recto; Aliter sicut alias; De ... [damaged].53 
 13765vRegula; Aliter in curia alicuius; Cum pluries; Regula; Quando loquela diutinam cepit dilacionem; Regula; ... esson’ de [malo] lecti [damaged].43 
 13866r1Regula; De attornato coram quatuor militibus facto; [De] Prohibicionibus de antiquo dominico; Regula; Aliter vic’.32 
 13966vRegula; Attachiamentum inde; De attornato in eodem; Regula; [De iudicio] falso in ... in comitatu [damaged].32 
 14067r2Regula; Regula; Aliter in London; Aliter; Aliter in Curia Regis et in Curia alicuius; Regula; Aliter secundum consuetudinem civitatis; De execucione sicut alias; De eodem cum pluries.61 
 14167vAttachiamentum inde; De falso iuducio in Curia alicuius; [Regu]la.33 
 14268r2Dedimus potestatem; De attornato in brevi de recto; Regula; De attornato in London’ quando ?alias vocat ad warrantum; Dedimus potestatem de attornato amovendo et alium loco suo substituendo; De attornato admove[ndo et alium loco] suo su[bstitut]e[ndo] [damaged].55 
 14368vDe duobus admovendis et aliis substituendis; De attornato admovendo et nullum substituendo; Regula; De warrantia [sic] de servicio domini Regis; Aliter de eodem; De communi summonicione in itinere justiciariorum; Pone pro pe[te]nte in brevi [de r]ecto; [?Regula] [damaged].64 
Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
 14469r2Regula; Pone pro defendente – causa; De terra replegianda; Inde aliter; Regula; Aliter.54 
 14569vRegula; De recto de advocacione ecclesie in curia alicuius; Aliter in banco; Regula; De advocacione ecclesie ad bancum; De ultima presentacione.43 
 14670r2Attincta de eodem; Attincta super inquisicione facta per breve de ultima presentacione; De attornato in ultima presentacione; Quare impedit pro Rege; Aliter racione custodie; Aliter.63 
 14770vRegula; Regula; Prohibicio ne admittat; Aliter racione custodie; Aliter; Aliter; Quare non admisit; ... [damaged].63 
 14871r2Ne episcopus conferat ecclesiam alicui; Quod clericus Regis manuteneatur in possessione pendente appellacione; Quare incumbravit; Breve quod dicitur utrum; Aliter.54 
 14971vDe eodem in suburbio London’; De attornato in brevi de recto de utrum; Aliter; Presentacio ad ecclesiam; Aliter; Aliter; Presentacio [a]d ecclesiam per [eius] patronum [damaged].73 
 15072r2Presentacio cum quis resignat ecclesiam; Aliter ad prebendam; Aliter; Inde episcopo; Littere proc[uratorii ad] presenta[cionem prosequendam] [damaged].53 
 15172vAliud procuratorium; De ultima presentacione coram iustciariis assign’ – causa.33 
Note: The reference in the text of the second item to Magna Carta is probably to c. 18 (1225), which requires that assizes of darein presentement be held in the counties in which they originated.
 15273r2Patens inde; De eodem racione custodie vic’; Patens inde iust’ super brevi quod dicitur utrum; Quod iustic’ procedant in assisa de utrum aliquo terminorum non expectato.43 
Note: The vic’ in the second entry is not warranted by the text given.
 15373vProhibicio de advocacione ecclesie; Inde parti; Attachiamentum; Prohibicio de advocacione pro Rege; Regula; De eodem hospitali; Aliter de prebenda; Attachiamentum inde; ... [damaged].86 
 15474r3Breve indicavit; Aliter; Aliter parti ne sequatur; Aliter; Regula; Aliter de advocacione R[egis].51 
 15574vDe libera capella et libertatibus suis manutenendis; Aliter de eodem.20 
 15675r3Inde parti; Attachiamentum inde; Prohibicio pro Rege; Attachiamentum; Prohibicio de laico feodo; Attachiamentum; ... [damaged].77 
 15775vAttachiamentum inde; Regula; Prohibicio de trans; Inde parti; Attachiamentum inde pro iudice; Regula; Aliter pro clericis; [In]de parti.65 
 15876r3De attornato super attachiamento de prohibicione; De admovendo vim laicam; Littera porigendi domino Regi de vi laica amovenda; Quod clerici Regis non compellantur ad faciendum residenciam personalem in suo beneficio; Inde ... [damaged].55 
 15976vProhibicio ne quis in causam extra regnum; Attachiamentum inde; De attachiando resistentes in ecclesia ne Episcopus exerceat officium suum; [Prohi]bicio for ... [damaged].44 
Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
 16077r3Regula; Prohibicio formata parti; Prohibicio formata; Prohibicio formata parti; Prohibicio formata.44 
 16177vProhibicio formata; Prohibicio formata; Prohibicio formata; Prohibicio formata.44 
 16278r4Regula; De excommunicato capiendo; Aliter; Aliter; Inde cum plures.42 
 16378vLittera porigendi domino Regi de excommunicato deliberando; De ecommunicato deliberando; Regula; De eodem quando Episcopus idoneam caucionem admittere recusavit.32 
 16479r4Inde vic’ quando Episcopus caucionem admittere recusavit; Regula; De extracto ab ecclesia ad adeum [sic] reducendo; De ecommuni[cato] recapi[endo] [damaged].33 
 16579vQuando iudex aliquem maliciose capi procurat; Inde pro clericis.22 
 16680r4Quod excommunicatus pendente appellacione non capiatur; Aliter; Aliter; Littera per Episcopum ad Regem directa et excommunicato capiendo; Consul[tacio] in ... [damaged].53 
 16780vDe fratre relicto habitum cap[iatur]; Regula; De vasto in dotem; Regula; Inde quando mulier est desponsata; Inde in [c]ustodia; [In]de de terra ... ad ... vel [damaged].55 
 16881r5Inde pro abbate; Inde per legem Anglie; Regula; Aliter de dote; Aliter pro tenenti ad vitam in le rem[?ainder]; Aliter de assignacione; De vasto quando boscus tenetur pro indiviso; De attornato; Quando aliquis contradicit; De v[asto] ... ex... [damaged].96 
 16981vDedimus potestatem in brevi de ?convencione, de debito et de vasto; De vasto quando ?alias est infra etatem; Aliter ad terminum vite; Aliter de racionabli estoverio; Aliter ad terminum annorum; [De] racionabli [esto]verio coram ... ; ... [damaged].74 
 17082r5[None recorded].11 
Note: Page blank after first 4 lines.
 17182vDe averiis replegiandis; Inde sicut alias; Regula; Inde non obstante libertate; Cum pluries.44 
Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
 17283r6Aliter non obstante libertate; Attachiamentum post le cum pluries; De averiis captis in Withernamio; Inde ... [damaged].43 
 17383vDe execucione facienda de Wythernamio pro consideracione curie adiudic’; Pone pro petente; Regula; Pone pro defendente; Regula.44 
 17484r6Pone pro petente; Pone de debito pro defendent’ causa; Causa quando ballivus curie capit annuam pensionem; Causa; Causa; Causa; Causa; C[ausa] [damaged].88 
 17584vCausa; Causa; Causa; Causa; Causa; Causa; Causa; Causa; Causa; Causa; Causa; Causa; Causa; Causa; [C]ausa; [Caus]a; [Causa] [damaged] .1717 
 17685r6Causa; Causa; Causa; Causa; Causa; Aliter; Quando vicecomes non retornat breve quia loquela tangit personam suam propriam; R[egula] [damaged].87 
 17785vRecordare de averiis; Inde in curia baronis.22 
 17886r7De recapcione averiorum post le pone; Nota; De eodem post le pone; De recapcione averiorum post le recordari; Aliter; Aliter; C... [damaged].63 
 17986vDe parco fracto; Inde de amerciamento; Inde in dampno; Aliter; De averiis rescussis per servientem pro defalta capt’; Inde per semetipsum; Inde pro consuetudinibus et serviciis; cat[allis nomine districcionis] [damaged].87 
 18087r7Inde pro execucione iudicii; Inde de ovibus post replevinam rescussis; De averiis captis extra feodum; Inde quando nullum tenementum de eo tenet; De ... [damaged].55 
 18187vNe quis attachietur ad respondendum alicui de contractibus aut transgressionibus extra ballivam suam; Attachiamentum inde; De homine capto pro foresta replegiando; De homine aliter capto replegiendo; [?Sicut] pluries [damaged].55 
 18288r7Attachiamentum inde; De homine replegiando in quinque portubus; De mod[erata] misericordia [damaged].33 
 18388vAttachiamentum inde; Aliter; De attornato de averiis replegiandis; Aliter de averiis carucatariis captis.42 
Note: The last item does not seem to correspond to the text.
 18489r8Regula; De nativis habendis; Quando per minus temporis manserit in dominico; Regula; De libertate probanda; Aliter pro femina; Nota; Pone de nativis; D[e] ... [damaged].65 
 18589vDe tallagium habendo; De minis; De eodem aliter; De eodem in quinque portubus; Attachiamentum inde; [De] hominibus replegiandis ...icti sunt ... com’ [damaged].64 
 18690r8De auxilio habendo ad primogenitum filium militem faciendum; Cum pluries; De scutagio habendo; Sicut alias.44 
 18790vDe transgressione in comitatu, Glouc’ cap. ix; De libera falda; De bonis asportatis; De ouibus abductis; De eodem infra terminum; De carta fracta; De piscibus asport’; De fossato prostrato; De supertunica asport’; De equis abductis; [De t]auro ab ...; ... [damaged].1211 
Note: (1) The reference to the statute of Gloucester in the first entry is probably to c. 8, which, in effect, allows the sheriff to hear pleas of trespass if the damages are less than 40s. (2) Carryover indicating quire break.
 18891r9Pro executoribus de bonis defuncti apport’; De transgressione ad Bancu; De forcerio fracto; De cista fracta et carta apportata sive dilacerata; De Inprisonamento; De transgressione servientibus illata; De herba de pasta; De turba fossata et arboribus succissis; De ... [damaged].99 
 18991vRegula; De fugatione facta in warenna; De clauso fracto; De vivario piscato in manerio; De averiis imparcato sine alimento; De prato falcato; De cignis et bobus interfectis; De denariis sub sigillo signat; De pullis Esparuariorum asportatis; De hostiis et fenestris fractis; De districtis factis [qua]ndo nullum ten[ementum hab]eat de distringore; ... [damaged].1111 
Note: esparvarius: ‘sparrow’, Latham.
 19092r9De uxore rapta cum bonis viri sui; De ingressa [sic] per dimissiorem pro executoribus; De barreriis fractis; De navibis et victualibus; De averiis carucarum.55 
Note: ‘barreriis’, some sort of barrier or rail is probably meant, the text describes them as being ‘ad defensionem terrarum’.
 19192vDe parco facto in dampno; Aliter in feodo; De rescussu averiorum facto ballivo Regis; De rescussu hominis facto ballivo Regis; De transgressionis contra proteccionem; De averiis districcioni obligatis; ... [damaged].76 
 19293r9Inquisicio de transgressione; Inquisicio de morte antecessoris; Audita querela de disseisina; Inquisicio de transgressione; De eodem in London’; ... [damaged].65 
 19393vDe arboribus succisis; De equo interfacto; De catallis asportatis; De libera warenna fugata et cuniculis captis; De blado asportato; De imprisonamento; De herba depasta; De prato falcato; Aliter de prato; ... [damaged].109 
 19494r9De vivariis piscatis; De arboribus; De catallis in causa mutui detetis; De rescussu; De trangressione viri et mulieris; Regula; De gurgite fracto et bonis asportatis; De clauso fracto et arboribus succisis; De ovib[us] ... loca ... fu[gatis] [damaged].88 
 19594vDe Inprisonamento; Aliter de insultu; Aliter de Inprisonamento; De blado cum car[r]uca subverso; De detentione facta ballivis Regis de Latrone; De Blada in carecta arestata; ... ; ... [damaged].86 
 19695r9De columbis captis cum retibus; De sigillo carte attachiato; De iusticia facta secundum statutum Winton’; De pillorio fracto; De herede hereditatem suam ingresso ante etatem; Regula; De averiis ... [iu]dicatis ... abdictis [damaged] .77 
 19795vDe attornato in brevi ?detencionis; Ne mercatum possit teneri; De wrecco maris asportato; De signo servicie prostrato; De carbonum maricum asportatum; De trans pro executoribus; De rescussu ... [damaged] .77 
 19896r10De audiendo et terminando de parco fracto; De eodem vicecomiti; Audiend’ et terminand’ de insultu.54 
 19996vDe eodem vicecomiti; Ad audiendum et terminandum de bonis asportatis contra proteccionem; Aliter; Aliter; De clauso et domibus fractis et bonis et cattallis [aspor]tatis vicecomiti ?clausum.52 
 20097r11Patens inde; De recordo et processu transgressionis habend’; De appello de morte hominis; De eodem pro uxore; De appello de roberia mah[yem ?et] raptu; v... [damaged].65 
 20197vDe terris reddendis per furorem suspensi; De attornato in brevibus de transgressionee; Quando vicecomes recusat dare billam petenti; De attornato de transgressione coram Rege; Dedimus potestatem; Attorn’ ... [damaged].66 
Note: The first item could be extended in a number of ways, none of which makes complete grammatical sense. The text is an order to turn over to the heir the lands of a man who hanged himself.
 20298r11Dedimus potestatem de transgressione coram Rege; De transgressione ministro Regis; De conspiracione; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter.73 
 20398vInquis’ de falcone amisso; De transgressione panis et servicie; Aliter; De transgressionis facta ballivo Regis officum suum executienti; ... terris rehabendis ... [e]st occpu[patam] ... [damaged].54 
Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
 20499r11Regula; De odio et atia; Regula; De ponendo in ballivum; Regula; Quando unus occidit aliquem se defen[dendo] [damaged].33 
 20599vInquisicio de escaetis; De escaeta collata per Regem; Quando iusticarii de banco permittant finem levari coram eis de tenemento tento de domino Rege in capite; ... super ... [damaged].44 
 206100r11Quod persone ecclesie non apellantur ad theolonium prestandum; De theolonio non prestando; Aliter.32 
 207100vAliter; Aliter; De recordo presentis inquisicionis habendo de morte hominis; Aliter; Aliter coram iusticiariis ad gaolam deliberandam assignatis; Aliter.61 
 208101r11Aliter; Aliter thesaurario; De ponendo per ballivum aliquem ad respondendum coram Rege; De bonis et catallis reddendis per manucapcionem; Aliter.52 
 209101vBreve super statutum Westmonasterii primi capitulo primo.11 
 210102r11Quod antecedens habeat de bonis suis vite necessaria; De catallis rehabendis per latronem asportatis post abiuracionem; De catallis clerico liberatis post innocenciam purgatam; Quod ... [damaged].44 
 211102vDe secta ad molendinum; Ne fiat secta ad molendinum; De secta ad molendinum; Aliter; Aliter; Regula; De dominico blado molere sine multura; Aliter in comitatu; De molendino reparando quod tenetur per indivisum.85 
Note: At the bottom of the page is a heading wirtten in litterae notabiliores: ‘Sequitur de compoto reddendo in comitatu’.
 212103r12De compoto reddendo in comitatu; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter in Lond’; Aliter in banco; Regula; Monstravit; Aliter in Lond’; Aliter pro mercatore in com[itatu]; Aliter.92 
 213103vAliter; De attornato de compoto; De compoto in socagio; De falsa suggestione; ... [damaged].54 
 214104r12De compoto r’dd thesaurio ecclesie; Aliter; Aliter; De ballivo arrestato pro arreragiis; De huius ... [damaged].53 
 215104vDe eodem thesaurio et baronibus de scaccario; Quando quis de carcere evaserit absque satisfaccione; ... compoto ... [damaged].32 
Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
 216105r13De compoto pro locacione navis; De pontibus et stagnis reparanda; De ponte reparando in comitatu; Aliter; Aliter de via; Aliter de calceto; Aliter de pon[te]; ... [damaged].84 
Note: calcetum: ‘causeway’, Latham.
 217105vDe curia claudenda; Aliter in banco; Pone de eodem; De libero passagio habendo; De acqua haurienda; De libero tauro habendo; De racionabili estoveria habendo; De communia pasture; De attornato in brevi quod permittat; De chimino habendo; ... libera pastura ... ; ... [damaged].1210 
 218106r13De communia pasture; Aliter; Regula; De communia pasture ad certum numerum averiorum; De libera falda; De communia pasture habenda in terra alicuius; De domo reparando; De grege adaquando; De admensuracione pasture; De attorn’ [de] eodem; De ... [damaged].108 
 219106vQuo iure; Regula; De racionabilibus divisis; Regula; De perambulacione facienda; De visu franci plegii deforciato; ... [damaged].55 
 220107r14Pone pro petente de admensuracione; Regula; De pontibus reparandis; De medio; Monstravit quod medius paratus sit aquietare tenentem; De medio sub custode existente ad bancu; Pone de medio; Regula; De medio ... [damaged].77 
 221107v15Aliter; De attornato in eodem; De eodem ad Bancum; Regula; De annuo redditu in comitatu; De eodem ad bancum; De debito; [De de]bito in [comitatu] [damaged].73 
Note: The first ‘De debito’ is written in litterae notabiliores with a paragraph mark.
 222108r16Aliter; De eodem versus executores; Aliter; De eodem ad bancum; Regula; Aliter; Supersedeas in brevi de debito; De catallis reddendis in comitatu; De eodem ad bancum; Quando bona devenerunt ad manus Episcopi; Pro Episcopo; Pone ... de d[?ebito] ... [damaged].115 
 223108vDe attornato de debito; De attornato de aquietancia de debito; Quod mulieres non distringantur in dotibus suis pro debitis virorum; De debito versus executores; Aliter pro ecutoribus versus executores; Aliter in comitatu; Quod pueri habeant racionabiles partes [de b]onis pa[trum su]orum [damaged].75 
Note: The reference to Magna Carta in the text of the last item is to c. 18 (1225).
 224109r16Pone uersus executores; De auxilio ad debitum recuperandum; Aliter; Aliter; Regula; eodem placito quod summam xl s. attingerit vel eam excederit [ad] ?Bancum in Curia alia placitare non debeat [damaged and faded] .52 
 225109vAliter in hundro; Aliter in comitatu de catallis; Attachiamentum inde; Aliter; Aliter; Regula; De auxilio pro mercatoribus; De recognicione super statutum mercatorum.73 
 226110r16Regula; Aliter; Aliter pro executoribus; Ne clici per eorum corpora attachientur; De debito recognito in cancellaria.42 
 227110vAliter; Si recognoscat; Aliter pro executoribus de debito in cancellaria recognito leviatando per vicecomitem; De debito ad primam assisam; De debito in comitatu recognito; De debito ponendo in respectu.64 
Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
 228111r16Aliter; Aliter; Aliter thesaurio et Baronibus de scaccario; Aliter Thesaurio et Baronibus; Aliter vicecomiti; De placito ponendo in respectu; De consuetudinibus et serviciis; De ... [damaged].83 
 229111vAliter; Aliter infra burgum; Aliter in comitatu; Regula; Ne fiant consuetudines; Regula; Breve postquam vicecomes returnaverit quod cap’ [?corpora] per statutum mercatorium non sunt inventa.52 
 230112r17De plegiis acquietandis in comitatu; De eodem in bancum [sic]; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; De attornato de eodem; Regula; De cartis reddendis in comitatu; De eodem in banco; Aliter; ... [damaged].113 
 231112vDe warrantia carte; De attornato de eodem; Regula; De convencione in comitatu; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter in comitatu; Aliter.82 
 232113r18Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Recordare; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter in comitatu; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter.121 
 233113vAliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Pone pro pente; [De] attornato [in eo]dem [damaged].102 
 234114r18 [sic]Regula; De fine facto; Aliter; Aliter; De transcripto finis habendo; Aliter de transcripto pedis finis; Dedimus [potestatem] ad re[cognitionem] reci[piendam] [damaged].63 
 235114vDe dote de terris que tenentur de Rege in capite; De dote unde nichil habet; De attornato de dote; Regula; Aliter quando habet visum; Aliter custodi; [De] dote assig’ ... visu ... [damaged].64 
 236115r18De dote in London’; De admensuracione dotis; Aliter quando viri sunt ex utraque perte; Attincta de dote; Aliter.53 
 237115vDedimus potestatem quando quis vocat ad warrantum in brevi de dote; De attornato pro secta facienda; Aliter; Aliter; De eodem per litteras patentes; Aliter; Aliter; Regula; ... [damaged].83 
 238116r19De secta pro custodibus terrarum que tenentur de Rege in capite; De attornato pro secta facienda; Aliter; Aliter; Quod durantibus personis breve de attornato non capit terminum.53 
 239116vAliter; Attachiamentum de attornatom non recepto; Quod habens terras in diversis hundredis non venit ad turnum vicecomitis in ballivis; Attachiamentum inde; ... [damaged].54 
Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
 240117r19Quod persone ecclesiastici non distringantur pro tenamentis anexis suis ecclesiis; Attachiamentum; De turnis vicecomitis pro Religiosis; Aliter; Regula; Aliter pro mulieribus; Regula; Attachiamentum inde.64 
 241117vNe quis distringatur contra formam feoffamenti; Attachiamentum inde; Aliter; De attornato de eodem; Ne capiatur finis pro pulcre placitando; Attachiamentum inde; ... [damaged].75 
 242118r19Aliud attachiamentum; De attornato pro fine de pulcre placitando; De attornato in itinere; Dedimus potestatem in itinere iusticiariorum; Regula; Quod unica secta fiat pro una hereditate.55 
 243118vAliter; Aliter; Aliter; Attachiamentum inde; Regula; Aliter; De contribucione facienda.62 
 244119r19Aliter ne diversis hereditatibus fiant secte diverse ad unam curiam per unum heredem; Attachiamentum inde; De attornato ad loquelas prosecutiendas et defendendas sine brevi Regis; Regula; Quod mulier non distringatur ad sectam faciendam pro terris quas tenet in dote; Aliter de contribucione scilicet ... quid ultra pe[?ti]cioem tribuat ... [damaged].53 
 245119vDe custodia terre et heredis habenda; Aliter in comitatu; Aliter racione dimissionis; Aliter de herede sine terra; De custode terre sine herede; Aliter de herede racione custodie; Aliter; Aliter in socag’; Regula; Aliter; ... de ... [damaged].103 
 246120r20Aliter; De eieccione custodie; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter.61 
 247120vRegula; De eieccione prioratus; Aliter; Aliter; Regula; De herede abducto; ... de herede [damaged].53 
 248121r20Aliter; Aliter; De herede detento; De forisfacto custodie et valore maritagii recuparando; De valore maritagii [recuper]ando pro ... [damaged].53 
 249121vAliter; Aliter; De attornato etc; Dedimus potestatem de custode admittendo; Dedimus potestatem assignandi custodes.53 
 250122r20Dedimus potestatem admittendi custodem; De etate probanda; Patens inde; Aliter.43 
 251122vAliter Escaetori; De Baronibus non ponantur in assisis; Quod perpetuo Languidi non ponantur in assisis; Quod clerici non ponantur etc; [Quod h]omines e[tatem lxx annorum non ponantur in assisis] [damaged].54 
Note: (1) There is a ‘C’ written in litterae notabiliores next to the note of the writ ‘De Baronibus non ponantur’. (2) The G. bishop of Worcester mentioned in ‘Quod clerici’ is probably Godfrey Giffard who died in 1302.
 252123r21Attachiamentum inde; Carta super eodem; Alia carta; Quod homines tempore suum in patria non comorantes; Quod homines [de] antiquo d[ominico] non p[onantur in assisis] [damaged].54 
 253123vQuod non veniant ad turnum vicecomitis; Quod homines xl s. terre vs redditus non habentes non ponantur in assisis; Attachiamentum; [Quod h]omines ?decum[bentes alibi] non ... [damaged].44 
 254124r21De viridario eligendo; De coronatore eligendo; Quod viridarii non ponantur in assisis; Quod coronatores non ponantur in assisis; Breve ... [damaged].55 
 255124vDe respectu milicie habendo; De eodem iusticiariis; De respectu milicie causa placiti habendo; ... [damaged].43 
 256125r21Quod nullus det vel vendat de tera sua ita quod de residuo non possit ?facere domino servicium; Quod proximus heres sit propinquior ad hereditatem emendandam; Quod nullus capiatur aut inprisonetur propter appellum femine de morte etc; Quod ... [damaged].44 
Note: The reference to Magna Carta in the second item is to c. 34 (1225).
 257125vQuod vidua maneat in capitali messuagio per xl dies; De nova disseisina ad primam assisam; Aliter coram iusticariis assignatis.32 
Note: There is a paragraph mark next to ‘De nova disseisina’ that was probably added later.
 258126r21Aliter de communia pasture; Regula; Aliter; Aliter in confinio duorum comitatuum; Aliter; Aliter; Patens inde; Quando quis securitatem invenierit in curia; Aliter coram Rege; Regula; Patens inde [de] novella dissesina [damaged].93 
 259126vRegula; De fossato; De stagno; De via; De sepe; De cursu aque diverso; Patens inde; Parva brevia dissesine; Regula; Quod permittat; ... [damaged].99 
Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
 260127r21Aliter de via; Aliter de cursu aque diverso; De mercato; Pone de eo ?facto; Aliter quod permittat; De attornato in assisis; De morte antecessoris; De custodem ad mittendum ad prosecucionem in assisa novelle dissine pro herede; Aliter in assisa [de] morte antecessoris; Ceraficac[io in assisa novelle] disseisina [damaged].106 
Note: The text of the fourth item is a pone concerning a mill.
 261127vAliter coram iusticiariis itinerantibus; Aliter vel sic; Patens inde; De attornato in certificacione; Associacio novelle disseisine; ... [damaged].64 
 262128r21Si non omnes; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter in attincta; ... [damaged].62 
 263128vAliter; Aliter; Patens inde; Aliter; Aliter per mortem iusticiarii.51 
 264129r21Clausum iusticiario; Aliter vicecomiti; Aliter; Regula; Aliter de sepe; Regula; Aliter in certificacione; De reco[rdo] process[us] [damaged].62 
 265129vAliter; Aliter; De attornato in certificacione; De recordo in attincta; Aliter; ... thesaurio et [baronibus] de [scaccario] [damaged].63 
 266130r21Quando iudicium restat reddicioni; Aliter; Aliter de ultima presentacione; Aliter de recordo assise novelle disseisine quando iudicium restat [?ir]reditum; Al[iter].52 
 267130vQuod iusticiarii procedant in assisa; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter in attincta; Aliter in itinere; Aliter; ... execucione ... assise ... [damged].72 
 268131r21Attincta coram iusticiariis de Banco; Aliter coram iusticiariis assignatis; Patens inde.32 
 269131vAssociacio in attincta; Regula; De attornato in attincta; De attincta super inquisicione; De recordo assise habendo post attinctam; Aliter pro dampnis levandis [a]diudicatis [in] itinere [damaged].54 
 270132r21Quod neutro parti suspectos [?suspecti] ponantur in assisis; Aliter in attincta; Aliter; Aliter in attincta; Aliter de stagno; Aliter ... [damaged].61 
 271132v Quod procedant ad assisam et termino non expectato; De reddiss’ iuxta ?consideracione de merton’; ... [damaged].33 
Note: (1) There is a heading at the top of the page: ‘De redisseisina’, written later. (2) The reference in the text of the second writ is probably to c. 3 of the provisions of Merton (1236).
 272133r21Aliter de cursu aque diverso; Aliter; Attincta reddisseisine; Patens inde; De ... redd[isseisine] [damaged].53 
 273133vDe hominibus attinctis deliberandis; De postdisseisina; Regula; Aliter in brevi de recto; Regula; [De] morte [ante]cessoris ... [damaged].43 
Note: The final note may be written in litterae notabiliores.
 274134r22Patens inde iusticiariis; Aliter; Aliter in comitatu midd’; Regula; Regula; De recordo assise mortis antecessoris habendo.42 
 275134vDe attincta mortis antecessoris; Patens inde; De avo et avia; De consanguinite; Aliter de eodem; [Nuper obi]it [damaged].64 
Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
 276135r22Aliter; De attornato in eodem; De ventre inspiciendo; Quare eiecit infra terminum; Aliter; Aliter de bonis asportatis in ... [damaged].62 
 277135vDe escaeta per bastardum; Aliter pro defectu heredis; Aliter pro feloniam; Diem clausit extremum; De seisina habenda post inquisicionem per breve predictum; De causa capcionis tenementi in manu domini Regis; De ingressu ad [termi]num qui preteriit; ... [damaged].86 
Note: The last item is pretty clearly written in litterae notabiliores.
 278136r23In tercio gradu; Post dimissionem; Dum non fuit compos mentis; Per et cui; In le post; Dum fuit infra etatem; Post dimissionem; De ingressu per custodem; Regula; Aliter; De ingressu per disseisinam; Aliter; Regula; Post.1210 
 279136vAliter; Cui in vita; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter per secundum virum; In tercio gradu; Post dimissionem; Aliter; Aliter; Regula; Cui in vita; Aliter; Aliter pro herede; Aliter; [?Aliter] post di[missio]nem ... [damaged].144 
 280137r23Aliter pro tenente [lege: per tenentem] ad vitam; Aliter per legem Anglie; Aliter; De inquisicione per mortem tenentis in dote; [No note]; In le post; Aliter ad terminum vite; Aliter post tenentem per legem Anglie; Aliter; Regula; De ingressu per statutum Glouc’; Aliter ex ... in cau’ [damaged].114 
 281137vCessavit per biennium; Aliter; In le post; Cessavit ad feodi firmam; Aliter; In le post; Forma donacionis en le descendere; Aliter in liberum maritagium; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter en le re[ma]nere [damaged].115 
 282138r23Aliter; In le reverti; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Proteccio cum omnibus clausulis; Aliter.72 
Note: Proteccio cum omnibus clausulis’ written in litterae notabiliores.
 283138vAliter vicecomiti; De attornato generali pro comorante in hibernia; Dedimus potestatem de attornato generali; Aliter; Si sit ad dampnum de quodam capellano inveniendo.53 
 284139r24Aliter; Regula; Si sic ad dampnum in excambium.21 
 285139vQuando tenementum tenetur de Rege in capite; Aliter de tenemento tento de Rege in capite; De inquirendo de ydiota; De eodem aliter; [?Ali]ter de eodem [damaged].52 
 286140r24De idempnitate nominis; De Gaola deliberanda breve clausum; Patens inde; De bono et malo.44 




The preliminary analysis confirmed our initial impressions. This is a large register; the number of items is comparable to those in Hall’s Register ‘R’: 941 as opposed to 886 (and Hall’s numbering scheme for R is quite similar to our more expansive scheme). The overall pattern is also similar. The writ of right with variants and subprocedures of it occupies fol. 61r–69r (9 fols.), corresponding to Hall’s R1–R75. (We have not checked these individually, but we have the impression that many of them are the same.) Attention then turns to ecclesiastical matters without regard to the type of writ (right of advowson, darein presentement, quare impedit, prohibition, de excommunicato capiendo): fol. 69v–80v (12 fols.), corresponding to R76–R161. Waste follows: fol. 80v–82r (1 1/2 fols., fol. 82r is largely blank), corresponding to R162–R180, and then replevin: fol. 82v–88v (8 fols.), corresponding to R181–R243. A relatively brief section on rights of lordship, beginning with De nativis habendis but including aid, tallage, and scutage follows: fol. 89r–90r (1 1/2 fols.), corresponding to R244–R252. Unlike R, the section on trespass and crimes does not begin in our register with De minis, which is buried in the section on rights of lordship. Rather, it begins with a long section on civil trespass: fol. 90v–98v (9 fols.). The parallel to R, however, remains: R257–R356. More specifically criminal matters begin with the writ De odio et atia on fol. 99r, and continue, with some interruptions, through fol. 102r (4 fols.), corresponding, very roughly, to R257–R411. The parallel to R returns on fol. 102v with suit of mill, and what follows in both registers is decidedly miscellaneous. It includes account (103r–105r), repair of bridges (105r), common of estovers (105v), common of pasture (106r), de racionabilibus divisis (106v), and mesne (107r) (5 1/2 fols.), corresponding to R412–R475. Debt, detinue, and covenant form a resonably coherent section, the latter leading to de fine facto: fol. 107v–114r (7 1/2 fols.), corresponding to R 478–R555. Departing from the order of R, our register next treats of dower: fol. 114v–115v(1 fol.), corresponding to R588–R598, and of making attorney: fol. 115v–119r (3 1/2 fols.), corresponding to R600–R620, before it returns to wardship and marriage: fol. 119v–fol. 122r (2 1/2 fols.), corresponding to R556–R587. Like Register R, our register has an extensive section on those who do not have to appear at assizes: fol. 122v–124r (1 1/2 fols.), corresponding to R614–R 633, which is broader. Land matters return on fol. 124v, and we quickly turn to novel disseisin and mort d’ancestor: fol. 125v–135r (11 fols.), writs of entry and formedon (fol. 135r–138r) (14 fols.). The remaining two folios are taken up with administrative matters, including, as we have already seen, a commission of gaol delivery that ended up in the criminal section of R.

The tentative conclusion is fairly obvious. The personal actions pay a far larger role than they do in, say, MS 184. They have been much better integrated into the overall scheme. As is frequently the case with works that grow over time (one might compare the Edictum perpetuum of the urban praetor), there is considerable evidence of new items being jammed into a scheme that was structured in a different way. By and large, if a given writ had been in a particular place since late in the reign of Henry III, it was in the same place at the end of the reign of Edward II. It is the new items that show the most evidence of thought. In addition to the personal actions, one might also notice the increasing amount of material that concerns royal administration and which did not necessarily lead to litigation. Precedents of royal action were being collected, presumably to be used to argue that similar cases in the future should be treated in the same way. The author of the marginalia seems quite willing to generalize from what may well have been particular favors for particular people to principles that might apply, if not to all people, at least to those who were similarly situated.