The Harvard Law School’s Collection
of Medieval English Statute Books and
Registers of Writs

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HLS MS No. 26

Registrum brevium

ca. 1426, with additions in the 16th century

http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HLS.LIBR:13364840

 

 

<Preliminary introduction>

The HOLLIS cataloguing may be found here. The following items are worth repeating:

“Description: 238 leaves : vellum ; 27 cm.

“Notes: Written in a legal hand, long lines, 39 to a full page.

“The first folio contains an illuminated initial miniature of a king with forked beard (presumably Henry IV) with a floreate border, and ornamental pen letters and rubrications in blue and red.

“Bound in early 18c. English rough calf.”

The cataloguing in Baker’s English Legal Manuscripts, 1, no. 53 reads as follows:

“REGISTRUM BREVIUM

“MS. 26.

“Early C.xv, 238 ff., illuminated initial and border, miniature of king with forked beard (presumably Henry IV). The first writ is by John de Wethorp against W. de M. for land in Nottinghamshire, tested 3 Oct. 5 Henry [? IV]. Preceded by an index.

“‘Legh’ (ter, in the miniature); ‘Constat Johanni Clough’ (early C.xvi); given by William Malverne (d. 1539), last abbot of Gloucester, to one Hunt; ‘C. Fairfax’, i.e. Charles Fairfax (d. 1673) of Lincoln’s Inn; Thomas Pulleyn (d. 1759), of Burley Hall, Yorkshire (MS. 138); later belonged to Sir Thomas Phillipps (MS. 11124); his sale, S.8 June 1898, no. 492, to Redford; acquired by George Dunn in Aug. 1908, his sale, S. 12 Feb. 1913, no. 237; bought privately by HLS.

Census, I, 1027, no. 26; A.B. Emden, Biographical Register of the University of Oxford 1501-40 (1974), 374; Early Registers, xxvi, cxvi n. 9; ELM, II, 22.”

Neither Baker’s count nor that in HOLLIS of the medieval folios is quite accurate. As will be seen below, the number should be 246, excluding the early modern endpapers, of which there are a large number. We also have doubts about the date of composition of the register, though not of about that of its main contents.

The manuscript is approximately 270 X 200 mm.

The primary script of the text is consistent and legible, probably datable to the 15th century though not necessarily early in the century. Other, later hands, often in French and sometimes in English, appear in the margins, in the notes written below the main text, and in the additions before and after the main text. Some of the marginal notes are written in a cursive script that is sometimes called ‘Elizabethan secretary’. A number of hands write in this script. More common are the notes written in a bold gothic script that seems to be quite late. The vast majority of the notes and additions in this script seem be the product of one hand.

The manuscript is laid out with a text block and horizontal lines for the text in pencil or dry–point. The original text observes the layout quite scrupulously. It is violated frequently in the later additions. There are gaps and blank pages to allow the insertion of additional material.

The first page of the register (our fol. 12r) has an elaborate floral border and a decorated capital with a miniature of a king with a forked beard. Throughout the manuscript, the ‘R’ in ‘Rex’ at the beginning of a writ is frequently painted in blue and decorated with red scroll-work. There are also red and blue paragraph marks throughout. There are geometric doodles on fol. 6v but no grotesques.

The leather-and-board binding probably dates from the 18th century. It is in decent condition, although the ropes binding the spine are exposed and the leather has peeled significantly. Both covers are impressed with a small decorative border.

The manuscript is foliated in arabic in the upper right–hand corners in what looks like an early modern script, though we will call it ‘medieval’. The numbers are of the same style as those in the alphabetical list of contents that begins on our fol. 7r, which as we will argue below, dates from the 16th century. The quire that contains this list of contents is not foliated, but all but the first folio (seq. 16–17) of the preceding quire (a ternion) is. The foliation returns, beginning with ‘6’, at the beginning of the register proper. From this fol. 6 onwards, all the medieval folios, except for the last one, are foliated, and correctly.

We resisted the temptation to refoliate the manuscript digitally to include all the medieval folios. The medieval foliation is visible and accurate, if one remembers to add six to it from medieval fol. 6 on in order to the get to the digital foliation. We did digitally foliate the last medieval folio. Adding that number (245) to the medieval folio at the very beginning that is not foliated gives the count of medieval folios (246). Fragments after fol. 24 and 61, the first tipped in, the second pinned to fol. 62, are not included in the digital foliation.

Most folios include chapter numbers recto and verso. Signatures appear on the rectos of the first four folios of each quire in the lower right corners.

The quiring of the medieval folios begins with what seems to be two regular ternions followed by 29 regular quaternions. As indicated in the Detailed Contents, the second of these quires may have been reconstructed from a quire used for other purposes. The last folio of the last quaternion (our fol. 243r) ends in mid-sentence, and does not carryover to the bifolium that follows. As will be seen below, there is also evidence that something more that is now missing followed fol. 243 as late as the 17th century. It is possible that as much as a quire is missing, but there are other possibilities that involve less loss. The contents of the register seem to be nearing the end. Our confidence, however, that not much is missing is shaken by the fact, as indicated in the Detailed Contents, that the first quire contains later references to folios reaching into the early 300s, far more than we now have. We return to this problem below.

At the beginning of the manuscript there is a ternion of basically blank endpapers, preceded by what is either a full bifolium or a bifolium lacking one, depending on whether the marbled pastedown carried over to the freestanding marbled endpaper or is separate from it (we cannot tell which from the images). There is quaternion of basically blank endpapers at the end, followed, once more, by either a bifolium or a bifolium lacking one. These endpapers were almost certainly added when the manuscript was most recently bound, probably in the 18th century. Our collation includes the quires of endpapers but ignores the very first and last groups.

The collation follows with a reconciliation of the digital and manuscript foliation:

16 (unfoliated [seq. 5–16]), 26 (unfoliated [seq. 17]–f. 5), 36 f. 6–11 [unfoliated in the ms.], 4–328 (f. 12–243, fragment tipped in after 24 and unbound fragment after 61 not foliated and not included in the quiring [f. 6-237 in the ms.], 332 (f. 244–245, ?1 quire missing before this one [f. 238–unfoliated in the ms.], 348 (unfoliated [seq. 513–529]).

The base text of the register clearly dates from fairly early in the 15th century. Baker was inclined to think that the King Henry in whose fifth year the initial writ of right is tested is Henry IV, which would give us a date in 1404, but it could be Henry V, which would give us a date in 1418, or Henry VI, which would give us a date in 1426. Nothing in the contents, as we have seen them so far, requires a date after Henry IV, but the contents may not tell us when the manuscript was written. The script would tend to push us to a date at least in the second quarter of the 15th century, and it might be later than that.

This was obviously a working register for some time. The additions before and after the main text, the indexing (but not the capitularium), and the extensive notes in the text itself are in hands that date from 16th century.

The additions before and after the main text are all written in a ‘gothic’ script and are described in the Detailed Contents. They are mostly in note form and are not particularly sophisticated from a legal point view, though they do evince some interest in broader principles, such as actio personalis moritur cum persona. Probably the same hand, certainly one writing in the same script, is responsible for the Index, an alphabetical listing of the writs with the folio on which they are to be found. The same or a similar hand to that which wrote the additions before and after the main text has written many, but not all, the notes in the text of the register itself. In one case it translates into French and Latin notes that are written in English in the register (fol. 29). This hand is quite similar to the base hand of the register. It is usually distinguishable from the base hand of the register by the fact that the writer used a blacker ink than did the scribe of the main text. Usually too, the letter-forms, particularly of the majuscules, seem to be later, but there are passages where one could not be sure that this hand was later than that of the main text.

We have looked for later additions to the manuscript that employ the same gothic script but are in a different hand from the dominant one. There are one or two examples (e.g., fol. 21r), but the overwhelming majority of the examples seem to be not only in the same script but also in the same hand. On this assumption, that hand is much later than the main contents of the register. As is demonstrated in detail in the conclusion to the Preliminary Analysis of the Writs, that hand certainly was making notes in the main text as late as 1573 and probably as late as 1585/6. The similarity of this hand to that of the main text raises the question whether the main text itself was written at a date much later than its contents. We leave the description of the additions for a moment to pursue that question, beginning with what what we know of the provenance of the manuscript:

Since he wrote the catalogue, Baker has identified the John Clough who owned the manuscript in the early 16th century as the John Clough (Clowgh) who was a Chancery cursitor in the 1530s and probably the Clough (no given name) who was of Inner Temple from 1520. Baker, Men of Law 1.485.

That makes even more puzzling the 17th-century note on fol. 245r which says that William Malvern ‘nuper abbas Sancti Petri Glouc’’ gave the book to one Hunt. The folio being referred to is probably one of the ones that are now missing at the end of the preceding quire. Dunn (seq. 5) thought that Hunt’s first initial was ‘J.’, but we do not know why he thought that.

Malvern was the last abbot of Gloucester. He became abbot in 1520 and died in office in 1539, when dissolution was very much in the wind but had not yet happened. See C. Litzenberger, in ODNB s.n. Malvern, William [formerly William Parker] (1485x90–1539). Malvern had degrees in civil law and also in theology, but it is hard to see why he might have been interested in this manuscript. Perhaps he bought it to give to Hunt. There are a number of Hunts in Baker, Men of Law, but the only one firmly identified with Gloucestershire is John I (1.910), who is too early.

This is, perhaps, enough to revise the order of probable owners of the manuscript given both by Baker and Dunn. The first may be ‘Legh’, whose name is written in the initial capital on our fol. 12r.1 The name is too common to make any identification possible. Malvern is next, but he may have bought it in order to give to a lawyer, perhaps a clerk, named Hunt. From there it passed into the hands of Clough, whom we can quite firmly identify with the Chancery. All of the later additions to the manuscript, however, seem to have been made by others well after Clough’s time.2

1It is not clear that Legh is the first owner. Baker read the name three times in the image. The first is in the upper right-hand corner of the image. In the upper left-hand corner is what may be ‘De brevibus’ written in a script that seems too late for 15th century. The second is in the loop of the ‘H’, but the third is not in the stem of the ‘H’ but what is there looks like ‘chn’ leading us to wonder whether we should thinking that Legh’s given name was Christian. That is not a common given name in the 15th century. None of the various Leghs in Baker’s Men of Law has that given name.

2At this point, we probably should revise Dunn’s description of Charles Fairfax, the third owner. He was not a parliamentary general. That was his brother Ferdinando and his nephew Thomas. He was, however, a parliamentary colonel in the Second Civil War. He was of Lincoln’s Inn, and is well known as a genealogist and antiquary. See A. Hopper, in ODNB s.n. Fairfax, Charles (1597–1673).

Legh being unidentifiable, the first dates that we have for ownership of the manuscript are Malvern’s dates, most likely sometime between 1520 and 1539. Is it possible that the story should begin with Malvern, i.e., not only that he owned the manuscript but that he had it made? That possibility would seem to do violence with what seems to be the date of the script of the base manuscript, but we have already seen that dating by script can sometimes be misleading. We would not have suspected that a man who could write in a way quite similar to the text of main manuscript would be writing as late as 1573 or even 1585/6. The date in the intial writ of right patent also seems to stand in the way this proposal. The ‘Henry’ of the writ could, of course, be Henry VIII, but that would put the date of the writ in 1513, probably too early for Malvern.

That Malvern bought an already existing manuscript does not, of course, mean that the manuscript has to have been made in the first quarter of the 15th century. The Henry of the writ of right patent could be not only Henry VIII, but also Henry VII, which would give us a date in 1489. And the script does look late for a date in the first quarter of the 15th century.

Ultimately, however, we come to the conclusion that the most likely date for the making of the base text is the second quarter of the 15th century. What brings us to this conclusion is the fact that the capitulary that begins the register, which is written in the same script as the base text and is used for the Summary of Contents below, bears a remarkable resemblance to that for HLS MS 27, which we dated to the 15th century, probably before 1450 rather than after. Both divide their respective registers into 46 chapters. The first 29 chapters of our manuscript map directly onto those for MS 27. Our manuscript includes a chapter De etate probanda after De avo et consanguineo, whereas MS 27 does not. MS 27 divides writs of entry into four chapters, whereas our manuscript uses only three. De libertatis allocandis and ‘Corrodies and pensions’ are in MS 27 in reverse order. With these exceptions the final sixteen chapters map directly onto each other. The underlying contents of the two registers are also remarkably similar, though they are not quite the same. (The initial writ of right patent, for example, is certainly not the same.)

The dating of HLS MS 27 is pretty solid. Not only do its contents and script fit with what we might expect in the second quarter of the 15th century, but we can be quite confident that it was owned by a man who was a Chancery clerk between 1429 and 1451. The script and contents of our manuscript fit with those dates. That means that the Henry whose name is on the intial writ of right patent is probably Henry VI, and the date is 1426.3

3In the case of MS 27, an attempt to update the writ addressed to the bailiffs of the queen confirmed, in a backhanded way, that the initial writ of right patent was dated in the reign of Henry VI. We lack that attempt to update here. The writ to the baillifs of the queen names the queen as ‘Anne’, i.e., Anne of Bohemia, Richard the Second’s first queen, who died in 1394.

What this means, of course, is that the script of the main contents of the register is not particularly conservative. It is about what we expect for its time. It does mean, however, that the 16th-century gothic script is very conservative. This is not, however, surprising if we attribute it to a Chancery clerk. Chancery clerks, particularly those who were responsible for original writs, were trained to write in this way.

Returning now to the later additions: there are scattered throughout the capitularium in a much later hand notes of other writs with folio references. Some of these references go far beyond the folio numbers that we have in our register, a few of them into the early 300s. As we have seen there is clearly something missing after our fol. 243. It is possible that there was a great deal of material added to the register, material going well beyond the original chapters. This material would then have had to have been removed before the alphabetical list of writs was made, because all of the folio references in the index are to be found in what we have. It seems more likely that the folio references that are found in the Capitularium are to another register. The references on our fol. 3r seem to correspond to what is found in the printed register of 1553, fol. 308–312, and we rather suspect that the others do too. The printed register is also referred to by folio number without title on fol. 12v, and probably elsewhere as well. References to a fol. 256 are found on our fol. 238. It is hard to see how these rules could have been derived from what is found on fol. 256 of the printed register either of 1531 or 1553 (which are the same), but it is even harder to see how anything relevant to these topics would have been included in our register after our last folios. It is possible that these rules were copied from manuscript notes on a fol. 256 of the printed register.

The alphabetical index of contents is a bit odd. It is not strictly alphabetical except for the initial letter. What seems to have happened is that the maker went through the register gathering names of writs that he arranged according to the first letter of alphabet of their names. He then wrote down the folio number on which the writ was found. He made no attempt, however, to arrange the result in alphabetical order. Hence, the letter ‘a’ begins with writs of attorney that are found fol. 6 through 27 in folio order. He then proceeds to advocacio decimarum also found on fol. 27. Ad iura regia from fol. 58 is tucked in at the bottom of the column, but the beginning of the next column gives us assisa ultime presentationis, attorn’ inde, and attinct’ inde, all on fol. 28. The result then combines what today we would think of as an index with what today we think of as a table of contents. The highest folio reference that we have found is proteccio pro abbate on our fol. 11v which references medieval fol. 237 (our fol. 243, the antepenultimate folio in our numbering). That the index was inserted without foliation after the first foliated pages may be explained by the fact that the indexer wanted the register to begin with the medieval capitularium, already foliated.

The unfoliated fragment that is tipped in between our fol. 24 and 25 is of considerable antiquity. The script is much more like that of the main text than it is like that of the gothic script of the 16th-century additions. It contains five aliters and a nota for de execucione iudicii, which is on fol. 24. It may not have been there when the 16th-century annotators turned their attention to the manuscript. If it was, they paid no attention to it. It is not foliated, and there are no later notes on it.

The unfoliated fragment that is attached to fol. 62r with a common pin is a copy, probably made in the 15th century, of a writ of scire facias issued in 17 Edw. III with the name of Robert Parning, chancellor, after the regnal year.4 The date of the writ would be 1343, sometime before August of that year when Parning died. The marginalia describe the writ as ‘Scire facias quando consultacio non debeat concedi post prohibicionem’. That topic is related to the writ that appears on fol. 47r. There is no evidence that the later annotators paid any attention to this writ, but they evince an interest in other writs of Parning’s on fol. 21r and 22r.

4Parning’s name may be misspelled, as it frequently is, ‘Parvyng’; see C. L. Kingsford, rev. W. M. Ormrod, in ODNB s.n. Parning, Sir Robert (d. 1343).

The contents of the 16th-century additions to the main register are transcribed or described below in the Preliminary Analysis of the Writs. The conclusion to that Analysis summarizes what can be learned from these additions, comparing and contrasting those written in gothic script with those written in cursive script. We summarize the conclusions that we reached there and add a bit more speculation:

The writer(s) of the notes in gothic script, of whom there were, for the most part, probably only one and those who wrote in cursive script, of whom there were several, though one of them may have been the same as the principal author of the gothic script, were contemporaries who worked on the manuscript at the same time. What distinguishes them is a difference in concerns. The concerns do overlap. Both, for example, make considerable use of rules derived from Fitzherbert’s Nouvel natura brevium. They also share a lack of concern with the, quite substantial, contents of the register after formedon. The concerns, however, of the writer of the gothic script are more distinctively clerical. He lists, for example, the stages of mesne process for virtually every major writ. His is the list of forms of address on seq. 18. The writers of the cursive script are quite capable of getting into matters of minute detail about the framing of the writs, but show more interest than does the writer of the gothic script in case law. The writer(s) of the cursive script, and in this case it is probably only one, makes considerable use of Brooke’s abridgement, whereas the writer of the gothic script uses it, so far as we have so far discovered, only once.

The most plausible explanation of how the later additions were made would seem to be that the manuscript was owned by a Chancery clerk in the first decades of the reign of Elizabeth I. He made most, if not all, of the additions in gothic script, but he shared his manuscript with other Chancery clerks who made additions in more informal hands. Locating the manuscript in the Chancery when this happened cannot quite be proven, though we have fairly firm evidence that it belonged to a Chancery clerk in 1530s. An alternative location might be one of the inns of Chancery, but although there are some fundamentals contained in the manuscript that would be appropriate for beginners, what was done with some of the additions is, at least to us, too sophisticated for beginners. Further, the citations to folio numbers beyond what we have in the manuscript suggest that those who were working on the manuscript had common access to a printed register. There is no evidence that the inns of Chancery had libraries.

To go from the speculative to the even more speculative, it is striking that we seem to have located the activity of the annotators during the period in which James Dyer served as CJCP (1559–1582). Dyer is well known for his hesitance in accepting the transition from the real actions to ejectment. See J. H. Baker in ODNB, s.n. Dyer, Sir James (1510–1582). Our annotators are interested in original writs in the traditional actions (both personal and real but mostly real) almost to the exclusion of any other type of original writ, and very much to the exclusion of the largely administrative writs that make up the contents of the register after formedon. Our annotators are also interested in history. Four different notes, three in gothic script and one in cursive, comment on the invention of writs by Robert Parning, Chanc 1341–1343 (fol. 21r, 22r). The gothic hand has added at the end two writs concerning review of the court of the Constable in the time of John Cheney, 1393–1397. We should not be surprised at finding sympathy with Dyer’s views in the Chancery in this period. His view was carried on by Coke and is reflected in the publication of Booth’s Real Actions in 1701. By that time, of course, the interest was antiquarian and nostalgic.

To return to the manuscript itself: this is a very large register, even without taking into account what may be missing at the end. It probably dates from the second quarter of the 15th century. It may have been made for clerk, as HLS MS 27 seems to have been, but we lack the evidence for that that we have for MS 27, other than the similarity of the contents of the two registers.5 Early in the 16th century, it fell into the hands of a Chancery clerk, a cursitor, for whom original writs would have been of particular interest. It seems to have remained in the Chancery for some time. Hands certainly dating from the second half of the 16th century added notes either for themselves or for the instruction of others, forms of address, and rules about writs, not only before and after the register, but also in the register itself. One of these annotators also foliated and indexed the register. The evidence that the manuscript provides of the activity and interests of this group of clerks makes this manuscript, so far as we now know, unique. That the clerks of the Chancery would have been working on a manuscript register as late as the reign of Elizabeth I might cast doubt on the common assumption that the printed register simply took over after its publication in 1531, though the writers of these notes are aware of the printed register. Later the manuscript fell into the hands of a 17th-century antiquary, to whom we probably owe its preservation.

6Hall, Early Registers cxvi, n. 9. Lists this as one of the registers of monastic provenance, i.e., Gloucester abbey. We are inclined to think that it was the property of the abbot, and only for a brief period, and not of the abbey. Since we lack any evidence of the whereabouts of the manuscript in the 15th century, it is, of course, possible that it was at Gloucester abbey when Malvern gave it to Hunt, though one would wonder whether the abbot had the authority to do that, if it really was the property of the abbot and convent. Suffice it to say here that the evidence of a connection of this manuscript with Gloucester abbey is not nearly so firm as that of the connection of HLS MS 28 with Titchfield abbey.

 

Summary Contents

Clicking on the item in question will open the first sequence for the item in the PDS in a new tab or window.

 

  Seq. Fol. No. Item  
19–23f. 1r–3r0aCapitularium 
24–25f. 3v–4r0bLists of writs with particular characteristics 
28–28f. 5v–5v0cNotes on writs of right 
31–40f. 7r–11v0dIndex 
41–54f. 12r–18v1Writs of right, including recordari
Note: From here on the numbers in the ‘No.’ column correspond to the chapter numbers in the manuscript. The descriptions are ours, aided, but not dictated by, the headers in the manuscript.
54–63f. 18v–23r2Writs of right: De recto secundum consuetudinem manerii 
63–71f. 23r–26r3Writs of right: De falso iudicio 
72–80f. 26v–30v4Writs of attorney, including writs of protection 
81–85f. 31r–33r5Writs of attorney: De attornato ad loquelam prosequendam sine brevi 
86–92f. 33v–36v6Ecclesiastical writs: Basic 
93–114f. 37r–47v7Ecclesiastical writs: Prohibition 
114–145f. 47v–62r8Ecclesiastical writs: Consultation 
146–150f. 62v–64v9Ecclesiastical writs: In favor of royal clerks 
150–158f. 64v–68v10Ecclesiastical writs: Royal rights 
159–168f. 69r–73v11Ecclesiastical writs: De excommunicato capiendo 
168–174f. 73v–76v12Waste, including de estreppamento 
174–191f. 76v–85r13Replevin 
191–236f. 85r–107v14Trespass 
236–240f. 107v–109v15Error 
240–243f. 109v–111r16Criminal 
243–249f. 111r–114r17Account 
249–266f. 114r–122v18Debt 
267–273f. 123r–126r19Miscellaneous rights in land 
273–277f. 126r–128r20De warantia Carte; De plegiis acquietandis 
277–282f. 128r–130v21Covenant 
282–289f. 130v–134r22Wardship 
289–291f. 134r–135r23Dower 
292–318f. 135v–148v24Brevia de statuto 
318–320f. 148v–149v25Statute of Labourers 
321–343f. 150r–161r26Novel disseisin: Basic 
343–368f. 161r–173v27Novel disseisin: De recordo et processu 
369–373f. 174r–176r28Mort d’ancestor 
373–376f. 176r–177v29De avo et consanguineo 
376–378f. 177v–178v30De etate probanda 
378–379f. 178v–179r31Quare eiecit 
380–384f. 179v–181v32Entry: Basic 
385–390f. 182r–184v33Entry: Cui in vita 
391–395f. 185r–187r34Entry: De ingressu pro tenente in dotem ad terminum vite et per legem Anglie ad communem legem 
396–397f. 187v–188r35Cessavit per biennium 
397–403f. 188r–191r36Formedon 
404–406f. 191v–192v37De tenementis legatis 
406–428f. 192v–203v38Si sit ad dampnum 
429–434f. 204r–206v39Rights of those of lower status 
435–438f. 207r–208v40De libertatibus allocandis 
439–442f. 209r–210v41Corodies and pensions 
443–447f. 211r–213r42De idiotis, leprosis, viis et venellis 
447–456f. 213r–217v43Miscellaneous ecclesiastical by the king 
456–468f. 217v–223v44De manucapcionibus 
470–474f. 224v–226v45Miscellaneous, including weights and measures 
474–508f. 226v–243v46Charters of pardon and miscellaneous 

 

Detailed Contents

Clicking on the sequence number will open that sequence in the PDS in a new tab or window.

 

Seq. Fol. Label Header Cap. Sig.  
1no fol., no sig.Front cover 
2no fol., no sig.Marbled pastedown, with bookplate, From the Library of George Dunn of Woolley Hall Near Maidenhead 
  Note: Marbled pastedown, with two bookplates: (1) the arms and name of Thomas Pulleyn Esq.; (2) From the Library of George Dunn of Woolley Hall Near Maidenhead.
3no fol., no sig.Marbled freestanding endpaper 
4no fol., no sig.Library reference marks; note by George Dunn 
  Note: ‘Registrum Brevium’.
5no fol., no sig.Detailed notes of provenance by George Dunn 
6no fol., no sig.Blank 
7no fol., no sig.Blank 
8no fol., no sig.Blank 
9no fol., no sig.Blank 
10no fol., no sig.Blank 
11no fol., no sig.Blank 
12no fol., no sig.Blank 
13no fol., no sig.Blank 
14no fol., no sig.Blank 
15no fol., no sig.Blank 
16no fol., no sig.Blank 
17no fol., no sig.Notes of ownership 
  Note: (1) ‘Phillips MS 11124’. (2) Signature ‘C. Fairfax’.
18no fol., no sig.Scheme of actions; forms of address; notes 
  Note: The script is gothic, 16th c., not necessarily early in the century. The scheme of actions is in French and divides the actions into real and personal. The next item quotes c. 8 of Magna Carta in English, which, curiously, it attributes to 9 Edw. III, c. 8, where it is not found. The forms of address are standard. The page closes with two regule, one about the endorsement of certain kinds of writs, the other about the date to be put on other kinds.
191rCapitulariumCalendarium 
  Note: The script is 15th c., earlier rather than later in the century. It lists the writs contained in each of the chapters that are found in the headings of the register. There are many notes and additions in later hands, some of which refer to folio numbers that are not in our manuscript.
201vCalendarium 
212r 
222v 
  Marginalia: Additions in another ink at the bottom of the page.
233r 
  Marginalia: Additions in a different ink.
243vLists of writs with particular characteristics 
  Note: Script is gothic, 16th c.; mixed Latin and French. An example: Sequentes patentes cause [in] quibus homo vocabit ad warrantizantum, viz.
254r 
264vNotes 
  Note: Written in the same hand as the previous folio, this one translates into a mixture of French and Latin the notes that are found in English in a similar or the same hand on fol. 29.
275rBlank except for pencilled layout 
285vNotes on writs of rightEx nudo pacto numquam oritur accio 
  Note: On the lower half of the page in the same hand as fol. 4v, extracts in Latin concerning the ordo particularium and the writ of right patent in London.
296rBlank 
  Note: Traces of notes that have been rubbed out.
306vBlank except for geometric illustration 
317rIndexDe 
  Note: Written in the same or similar hand as the previous notes, lists the names of the writs in alphabetical order, with folio references most of which seem to correspond to those of the medieval foliation. Unlike those found in the later notes in the capitularium, there are no folio references beyond those that we have. Most, perhaps all, of the text is written on reused folios, with the previous writing rubbed out. The last folio (11v) was clearly originally a bifolium made into a single folio. Pieces of decoration may be seen on the recto where the first folio of the bifolium was cut out. The last folio is also in reverse order, letters ‘s’ and ‘t’ on the recto, ‘p’ and ‘r’ on the verso.
327v 
338rDe 
348v 
359r 
369v 
3710r 
3810v 
3911r 
  Note: Signature of C. Fairfax in upper right-hand corner.
4011v 
4112rWrits of right, including recordariEx nudo pacto numquam oritur accio; De recto patensCap’m primum 
  Note: (1) Elaborately decorated initial ‘H’ with miniature of a king and floral border around text. (2) The original writ headings have been supplemented in French or Latin in a different hand and ink. (3) Signature of C. Fairfax in upper right-hand corner.
4212vDe rectoI 
4313rDe rectoI 
4413vDe recto de doteI 
4514rDe recto de racionabili parteIa iij 
4614vDe recto Ne iniuste vexesI 
4715rDe recto etc’ precipe in capiteI 
4815vRecordari in brevi de rectoI 
4916rSupersedeas recordari de rectoI 
5016vRecordari in Comitatu Cestrie etc’ de rectoI 
5117rProhibicio de recto etc’I 
5217vDe iurata loco magne assiseI 
5318rAttachiamentum super ballivos quia processerunt post prohibicionemI 
5418vWrits of right: De recto secundum consuetudinem maneriiDe recto secundum consuetudinem maneriiCap’m secundum 
5519rDe recto secundum consuetudinem manerii 
  Marginalia: Significant additions or marginalia beside and below text.
5619vde procedendo in brevi de rectoii 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
5720rRecordari secundum consuetudinem maneriiiil 1 
  Marginalia: Addition in French between the Latin sections.
5820vSupersedeas in brevi de recto etc’ii 
  Marginalia: Additions below text.
5921rDe recto secundum consuetudinem maneriiiil 2 
6021vMonstravit pro hominibus de antiquo dominicoii 
6122rMonstravit etc’iil 3; b iiij 
6222vDe domesday [+ addition]ii 
6323rWrits of right: De falso iudicioDe falso iucidioCap’m iiil 4 
6423vDe falso iudicioiii 
  Marginalia: Significant addition or marginalia below text.
6524rDe falso iudicio et errore corrigendoiii 
6624vDe errore corrigendo et exec’ iudicijiii 
  Marginalia: Significant addition or marginalia below text.
67no fol.Fragment tipped inDe execucione iudiciiiii 
  Note: For the contents of this fragment, see the Introduction.
68no fol.Blankiii 
6925rDe Waranto etc’iii 
7025vde procedendo etc’iii 
  Marginalia: Addition or marginalia below text.
7126rDe procedendo etc’iii 
7226vWrits of attorney, including writs of protectionde attornato generaliiiii 
  Marginalia: Addition or marginalia below text.
7327rde attornato generali 
7427vde attornato etc’iiii 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
7528rde attornato etc’; proteccio cum clausula volumusiiii 
7628vde proteccioneiiii 
7729rde proteccioneiiii 
7829vde proteccioneiiii 
7930rde proteccioneiiiic iij 
8030vde proteccioneiiii 
8131rWrits of attorney: De attornato ad loquelam prosequendam sine brevi de attornato recipiendoCap’m v 
  Marginalia: Later addition within text.
8231vDe attornatis recipiendisv 
8332rde attornato recipiendov 
8432vde attornato recipiendov 
8533rde advocacione ecclesieCap’m vi 
8633vEcclesiastical writs: Basicde advocacione ecclesieCap’m vi 
  Marginalia: Addition below text.
8734rAssisa ultime presentacionisvi 
8834vQuare impeditvi 
8935rQuare impeditvi 
9035vne admittat etc’vi 
  Marginalia: Significant addition or marginalia below text.
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
9136rQuare non admisit etc’vi 
  Marginalia: Significant addition or marginalia below text.
9236vQuare incumbravit etc; utrumvi 
9337rEcclesiastical writs: Prohibitionde utrum etc’ 
  Marginalia: Significant addition or marginalia below text.
9437vQuod Episcopus admittit clericum quia etc’; De prohibicioneCap’m vii 
9538rde prohibicionevii 
9638vde prohibicionevii 
9739rde prohibicione etc’vii 
9839vDe prohibicione etc’; Indicavitvii 
9940rDe prohibicione; Indicavit 
10040vde prohibicionibusvii 
10141rde prohibicionevii 
10241vde prohibicionibusvii 
10342rde prohibicionevii 
10442vde prohibicionevii 
10543rde prohibic’vii 
10643vde prohibic’vii 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
10744rde prohibicioneviie j 
10844vde prohibicionevii 
10945rde prohibicioneviie 3 
11045vde prohibicionevii 
11146rde prohibicioneviie 4 
11246vde prohibic’vii 
11347rde consultacioneviie ?? 
11447vEcclesiastical writs: Consultationde consultacioneCap’m viii 
11548rde consultacioneviii 
11648vDe consultacioneviii 
11749rde consultacioneviii 
11849vde consultacioneviii 
11950rde consultacionevii [sic] 
12050vde consultacioviii 
12151rde consultacioneviii 
12251vde consultacioneviii 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
12352rde consultacioneviiif j 
12452vde consultacioneviii 
12553rde consultacioneviiif ij 
12653vde consultacioneviii 
12754rde consultacioneviiif iij 
12854vde consultacioneviii 
12955rDe consultacioviiif iiij 
13055vde consultacioneviii 
13156rDe consultacioneviii 
13256vde consultacioneviii 
13357rde consultacioneviii 
13457vde consultacioneviii 
13558rDe consultacione 
13658vde consultacioneviii 
13759rde consultacione 
13859vde consultacioneviii 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
13960rDe consultacioneviii 
14060vde consultacioneviii 
14161rde consultacioneviii 
14261vde consultacioneviii 
143no fol.Fragment put in with a common pin (partial view) 
144no fol.Fragment put in with a common pin (full view of recto) 
  Note: For the contents of this fragment, see the Introduction.
14562rde consultacioviii 
14662vEcclesiastical writs: In favor of royal clerksDe residencia non faciendaCap’m ix 
14763rNe quis trahatur in causam extra regnum 
14863vNe quis citet clerices ad respondendum coram summo pontificeix 
14964rDe vi laica ammovendaix 
15064vEcclesiastical writs: Royal rightsAd iura regiaCap’m x 
15165rAd iura regiax 
15265vAd iura regia 
15366rAttachiamentum super ad iura regiax 
15466vAttachiamentum quando Rex recuperavit presentacionem etc’x 
15567r 
15667vBlank 
15768rCommissio ad capiendum impugnatores etc’xij 
15868vAttachiamentum post recuperacionem etc’x 
15969rEcclesiastical writs: De excommunicato capiendode excommunicato capiendoCap’m xi 
16069vde excommunicato deliberandoxi 
16170rde caucione etc’xi 
16270vde excommunicato recapiendo etc’xi 
16371rDe supersedendo pendente appellacionexi5 iiij 
16471vDe supersedendo super le scire faciasxi 
16572rde excommunicato dimisso etc’ iterum capiendoxi 
16672vsupersedeas capcioni corporis etc’; De bonis clerici purgati liberandisxi 
16773rQuod extractus ab ecclesia restituatur de apostota capiendoxi 
16873vWaste, including de estreppamentode vasto in dotem etc’Cap’m xii 
16974rde vasto in custodiaxii 
17074vde vasto in custodiaxii 
17175rde vastoxii 
  Note: The headings on this page are less legible than usual.
17275vde vastoxii 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
17376rDe particione faciendaxii 
17476vReplevinde vasto et estreppamentoxii 
17577rde homine replegiandoCap’m xiiij ii 
17677vde homine replegiandoxiii 
17778rRepleg’ de homine etc’xiiij iij 
17878vRepleg’ de averiisxiii 
17979rde Withernamio etc’xiiij iiij 
18079vDe Withernamioxiii 
18180rPone de averiisxiii 
18280vPone de averiisxiii 
18381rPone de averiis etc’xiii 
  Note: The final writ heading is in French but does not appear to be a later addition.
18481vRecordari de averiisxiii 
18582rDe recapcione averiorumxiii 
18682vde nativis habendixiii 
18783rde libertate probandaxiii 
18883vDe auxiliis habendis ad primogenitumxiii 
18984rxiii 
19084vDe minisxiii 
19185rTrespassCap’m xiiiik ij 
19285vxiiii 
19386rxiiiik iij 
19486vDe trans’xiiii 
19587rDe trans’xiiii 
19687vTrans’xiiii 
  Note: Header in a different hand that continues until seq. 220.
19788rTrans’xiiii 
19888vDe trans’ 
19989r 
20089vDe trans’ 
20190rDe trans’xiiii 
20290vDe trans’ 
20391rDe trans’xiiii 
20491vDe trans’ 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
20592rDe trans’xiiiil i 
20692vDe trans’ 
20793rDe trans’ et rescussis Nativixiiiil ij 
20893v 
20994rxiiiil iij 
21094v 
21195rl iiij 
21295v 
21396r 
21496vDe rescussu 
21597rRescuss’xiiii 
21697vTrans’ 
21798ret rescussu de record’ trans’xiiii 
21898v 
21999rtrans’ contra proteccionesxiiii 
22099vAttincta de trans’ 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
221100rde trans’ in decepcionexiiii 
  Note: Headers revert to previous hand.
222100vDe trans’ in decepcione et audita querela indexiiii 
223101rAudita querela de trans’ in decepcionexiiiim ij 
224101vDe audiendo et terminando de trans’xiiii 
225102rde audiendo et terminando dedimus potestatem et associacioxiiiim iij 
226102vSi non omnes et de recordo et processu mittendis de trans’xiiii 
227103rde audiendo etc’ de diversis transgressionibusxiiiim iiij 
228103vde audiendo et terminando de trans’xiiii 
229104rDe inquirendo de Waretto; et extorsionibusxiiii 
230104vNe bona arestata dissipentur etc’ de audiendo etc’xiiii 
231105rde continuando processum de trans’xiiii 
232105vDe walliis et fossatis de transgressionibusxiiii 
233106rde walliis et fossatis de trangressionibusxiiii 
234106vlittera comiti Flandr’ pro mercatoribus Anglie de trans’xiiii 
235107rde trans’xiiii 
236107vErrorDe errore corrigendo etc’Cap’m xv 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
237108rde errore corrigendo etc’xv 
238108vde errore etc’xv 
239109rde errore corrigendo etc’xv 
240109vCriminalde conspiracionexvi 
241110rde odio et atiaxvin 3 (sic) 
242110vde compoto in ComitatuCap’m xvi 
243111rAccountde compoto in ComitatuCap’m xvii 
244111vde compotoxvii 
245112rde dimittendo per manucapcionem arestatum de compoto 
246112vde dimittendo per manucapcionem arestatum de compotoxvii 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in French in the right-hand margin.
247113rComissio ad audiendum compotum collector’ etc’xvii 
248113vde debito in ComitatuCap’m xviii 
249114rDebtde debito in Comitatuxviii 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in French in the right-hand margin and other notes in another hand below the text.
250114vpone pro petente et pro defendente 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in French in the right-hand margin and other notes in another hand below the text.
251115rRecordari de debitoCap’m xviii 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in French in the right-hand margin and other notes in another hand below the text.
252115vquod mulieres non distringantur pro debitis virorumxviii 
  Marginalia: Additional notes in a different hand between sections of text.
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
253116rQuod mulieris non distringantur pro debitis virorumxviiio i 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in French.
254116vde exonerando ad scaccarium debitoxviii 
255117rde exonerando etc’xviii 
256117vde idemptitate nominis in placito debitixviii 
257118rde debito etc’xviii 
258118vde debito etc’xviii 
259119rde debito etc’xviii 
260119vde debito etc’ 
261120rde debito etc’xviii 
262120vde debito etc’xviii 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in French.
263121rde debito etc’xviii 
264121vxviii 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in French.
265122rxviii 
266122vCap’m xix 
267123rMiscellaneous rights in landDe secta ad molendinumxix 
268123vde communa pasturexix 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in Latin.
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
269124rquo iure; de pastura admensuranda etc’xix 
270124vde racionabilibus divisis; de perambulacione facienda etc’xix 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in Latin.
271125rde walliis fossatis et ponte etc’ reparandisxixp ij 
272125vde calceto pavimento etc’ reparando; de Warantia cartexix 
273126rDe warantia Carte; De plegiis acquietandisde plegiis acquietandis; de annuo reddituCap’m xxp iij 
274126vde consuetudinibus et serviciis de cartis reddendisxx 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in French.
275127rde medio etc’xxp 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in Latin in the right-hand margin and other notes in French in another hand below the text.
276127vdeCap’m xxi 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in Latin in the left-hand margin.
277128rCovenantde convencionexxi 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in Latin in the right-hand margin and other notes in French in another hand below the text.
278128vde convencione de fine levando etc’xxi 
  Marginalia: Additional text in French in the lower margin.
279129rdedimus potestatemxxi 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in French in the right-hand margin and below the text.
280129vdedimus potestatem in brevi de convencionexxi 
281130rde transcripto pedis finis de con mitt’ etc’xxi 
282130vWardshipMittimus de custodia terre etc’Cap’m xxii 
283131rde custodia etc’xxii 
284131vDe custodiaxxii 
285132r 
  Note: Carryover of two lines from previous page; rest blank.
286132vde intrusione de herede raptoxxii 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in French.
287133rde forisfactura maritagii racione etc’xxiiq 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in Latin in the right-hand margin.
288133vde escaeta racione bastardiexxii 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in French in the left-hand margin and below the text.
289134rDowerde dote unde nichil habetxxiiiq 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in French.
290134vDe dotexxiii 
291135rde dotexxiiiq iij 
  Marginalia: (1) Carryover that does not indicate a quire break. (2) Additional marginalia in Latin in the right-hand margin. .
292135vBrevia de statutoQuod nullus distr’ libere tenentesCap’m xxiiii 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in Latin in the left-hand margin.
293136rDe attornato pro secta facienda pro litteras patentesxxiiii 
294136vde attornato pro secta faciendaxxiiii 
295137rDe attornato pro secta faciendaxxiiii 
296137vDe non distringendo pro secta faciendaxxiiii 
297138rDe non faciendo sectam etc’xxiiii 
298138vQuod mulieres habeant suam quarantenamxxiiii 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in Latin in the left-hand margin.
299139rNe fiant plures secte pro una hereditate inter coheredesxxiiii 
300139vde contribucione facienda inter coheredesxxiiii 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
301140rDe Coronatore eligendoxxiiii 
302140vDe ballivo ammovendoxxiiii 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in Latin in the left-hand margin and below text.
303141rNe capiantur fine pro pulcre plaicitandoxxiiii?? 
304141vde non ponendo in assisis etc’xxiiii 
  Marginalia: Additional notes in another hand below the text.
305142rde non ponendo in assisis etc’xxiiii 
306142vDe non ponendo in assisis etc’xxiiii 
  Marginalia: Additional notes in French in a different hand below the text.
307143rSupersedeas pendente placito de adnullando etc’xxiiii 
308143vDe statuto etc’xxiiii 
309144rDe statuto etc’xxiiii 
310144vDe statuto etc’xxiiii 
311145rDe statuto etc’xxiiii 
  Marginalia: Additional notes in French in a different hand below the text.
312145vDe statuto etc’xxiiii 
313146rDe statuto etc’xxiiii 
314146vDe statuto etc’xxiiii 
315147rDe statutoxxiiii 
316147vDe statuto etc’xxiiii 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in French.
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
317148rDe statutoxxiiiir 1 
318148vStatute of LabourersDe statutoxxiiii 
319149rDe ordinacione etc’xxvr 2 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in Latin.
320149vde ordinacionexxv 
321150rNovel disseisin: Basicde assisa nove disseisineCap’m xxvir 3 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in French in the right-hand margin and below the text.
322150vDe assisa nove disseisinexxvi 
323151rDe assisa nove disseisinexxvir 4 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in Latin.
324151vde assisa nove disseisinexxvi 
325152rde assisa nove disseisinexxvi 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in Latin in right-hand margin and in French above the text.
326152vde Assisa nove desseisinexxvi 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in a different hand.
327153rCertificacio assise nove disseisinexxvi 
328153vTangencia assisam nove disseisinexxvi 
329154rTangencia assisam nove disseisinexxvi 
330154vTangencia assisam nove disseisinexxvi 
331155rTangencia assisam nove disseisinexxvi 
332155vde assisa prorogandaxxvi 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
333156rde assisa nove disseisine etc’xxvi? ij 
334156vAttincta assise nove disseisinexxvi 
335157rDe attornato indexxvit 2 
336157vde attincta nove disseisine etc’xxvi 
337158rAttincta assise nove disseisinexxvit 3 
338158vdexxvi 
339159rde redisseisinaxxvit 4 
340159vde redisseisina etc’xxvi 
341160rde redisseisinaxxvi 
342160vde postdisseisinaCap’m xxvii 
343161rNovel disseisin: De recordo et processude recordo et processu in brevi de redisseisina mittendis coram Rege etc’xxvii 
  Marginalia: Additional notes in French in a different hand below text.
344161vde faciendo venire recordum et processum assise nove disseisine eo quod etc’xxvii 
345162rde recordo et processu de dampnis levandisxxvii 
  Marginalia: Additional notes in French in a different hand below text.
346162vde recordo et processu assise mittendis aliis iusticiariis etc’xxvii 
347163rde recordo et processu assise mittendis etc’xxvii 
348163vde recordo et processu assise nove disseisinexxvii 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
349164rde recordo et processu assise nove disseisinexxviiv j 
350164vde recordo et processu assise mittendis coram Regexxvii 
351165rde recordo et processu assise nove disseisine etc’xxviiv ij 
352165vde recordo et processu assise nove disseisine etc’xxvii 
353166rquod iusticiarii itineranti remittant recordo et processu assise; iusticiarii de Banco mittant de eodemxxviiv iij 
354166vmittimus eo quod Bastardus allegatur placitando etc’xxvii 
355167rQuod iusticiarii de Banco mittant residuum recordum et processum etc’ ad errorem etc’xxviiv iiij 
356167vQuod iusticiarii procedant ad capcionem assise etc’xxvii 
357168rQuod iusticiarii procedant ad capcionem assise carta R’ allegata non obstantexxvii 
358168vde mittendo recordum et processum omni assisa etc’ coram uno pari Iustic’ etc’xxvii 
359169rAudita querela quando assisa arratur contra maiorem et Comitatemxxvii 
360169vAudita querela quando assisa arratur contra maiorem etc’xxvii 
361170rde continuando assisam quia in obsequium R’ etc’xxvii 
362170vde non procedendo ad assisam Rege in consultoxxvii 
363171rde continuando attinctam quia est in servicio Regis etc’xxvii 
364171vQuod iusticiarii procedant ad capcionem assisexxvii 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
365172rde procedo ad capcionem assise et procedendo ad iudicium etc’xxviix j 
366172vDe execucione iudicii in assisa et redisseisinaxxvii 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in Latin in left-hand margin and notes in French below the text.
367173rde assisa mortis antecessorisCap’m xxviix 2 
  Marginalia: Additional notes in a different hand below the text.
368173vde assisa mortis antecessorisxxvii 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in Latin in left-hand margin.
369174rMort d’ancestorAttincta mortis antecessorisxxviiix 3 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in French in the right-hand margin and notes in a different hand below the text.
370174vde contingentibus assisam in mortis antecessorisxxviii 
371175rde avo et consanguinitateCap’m xxviiix 4 
372175vde avo et consantuinitate; Nuper obiitxxviii 
373176rDe avo et consanguineoNuper obiit; de ventre inspiciendoxxix 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in French in the right-hand margin and notes in a different hand below the text.
374176vdiem clausit extremum de seisina habendaxxix 
375177rde terra extendenda etc’; Et etiam de ventro inspiciendoxxix 
376177vDe etate probandaDe etate probandaCapitulum xxx 
377178rDe etate probandaxxx 
378178vQuare eiecitQuare eiecit infra terminumCap’m xxxi 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in Latin and French in left-hand margin and additional text in the lower margin.
379179rde manu Regis ammovendaxxxi 
  Marginalia: Additional text in Latin and English in the lower margin.
380179vEntry: Basicde ingressu ad terminum qui preteritxxxii 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in Latin in left-hand margin and additional text in the lower margin.
381180rdum non fuit compos mentisxxxii 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in Latin in right-hand margin and additional text in the lower margin.
382180vde ingressu super disseisinamxxxii 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in Latin in left-hand margin and additional text in the lower margin.
383181rde ingressu etc’xxxii 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in Latin in right-hand margin and additional text in the lower margin.
384181vDe intrusioneCap’m xxxii 
  Marginalia: Additional notes in French in a different hand below the text.
385182rEntry: Cui in vitaCui in vitaxxxiii 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in French in the right-hand margin.
386182vde intrusionexxxiii 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in Latin in right-hand margin.
387183rde intrusionexxxiii 
388183vde attincta in brevi de ingressu coram Iusticiariisxxxiii 
  Marginalia: Additional notes in French in a different hand below the text.
389184rde attincta etc’; Ad liberandum terras etc’xxxiii 
390184vde ingressu per tenentem in dotemxxxiiii 
391185rEntry: De ingressu pro tenente in dotem ad terminum vite et per legem Anglie ad communem legemde ingressu etc’xxxiiii 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in Latin in right-hand margin.
392185vde ingressu etc’xxxiiii 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in Latin in left-hand margin.
393186rde ingressu etc’xxxiiii 
394186vde ingressu in consimili casuxxxiiii 
  Marginalia: Additional notes in French in a different hand below the text.
395187rCessavit per bienniumxxxv 
  Marginalia: Additional notes in a different hand below the text.
396187vCessavit per bienniumCessavit per bienniumxxxv 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in Latin in left-hand margin and additional text in lower margin.
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
397188rFormedonForma donacionisCap’m xxxvi 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in French and Latin in right-hand margin and additional text in lower margin.
398188vde forma donacionisxxxvi 
  Marginalia: Additional notes in French below the text.
399189rde forma donacionisxxxvi 
  Marginalia: Additional notes in French in a different hand below the text.
400189vde forma donacionisxxxvi 
  Marginalia: Additional notes in French in a different hand below the text.
401190rde forma donacionisxxxvi 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in Latin and French in right-hand margin and additional text in lower margin.
402190vde forma donacionisxxxvi 
  Marginalia: Additional notes in French in below the text.
403191rde forma donacionisxxxvi 
  Marginalia: Additional notes in French below one section of the text.
404191vDe tenementis legatisde tenementis legatisxxxvii 
405192rde tenementis legatisxxxvii 
406192vSi sit ad dampnumde tenementis legatisxxxvii 
407193rSi sit ad dampnumCap’m xxxviii 
408193vSi sit ad dampnumxxxviii 
409194rSi sit ad dampnumxxxviii 
410194vSi sit ad dampnumxxxviii 
411195rSi sit ad dampnumxxxviii 
412195vBlank except for header and one line of textSi sit ad dampnumxxxviii 
413196rSi sit ad dampnumxxxviiiz ? 
414196vSi sit ad dampnumxxxviii 
415197rSi sit ad dampnumxxxviiiz 2 
416197vSi sit ad dampnumxxxviii 
417198rSi sit ad dampnumxxxviiiz 3 
418198vSi sit ad dampnumxxxviii 
419199rSi sit ad dampnumxxxviiiz 4 
420199vSi sit ad dampnumxxxviii 
421200rSi sit ad dampnumxxxviii 
422200vSi sit ad dampnumxxxviii 
423201rSi sit ad dampnumxxxviii 
  Note: Writ name in the margin in different hand from the text.
424201vSi sit ad dampnumxxxviii 
425202rSi sit ad dampnumxxxviii 
426202vSi sit ad dampnumxxxviii 
427203rSi sit ad dampnumxxxviii 
428203vSi sit ad dampnumxxxviii 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
429204rRights of those of lower statusDe essendo quietum de TheolonioCap’m xxxixii a 
430204vde essendo quietum de theolonioxxxix 
431205rDe essendo quietum de Theolonioxxxixii a ij 
432205vDe essendo quietum de theolonioxxxix 
433206rDe non contribuendo expensas militum etc’xxxixii a iij 
434206vDe contribuendo expensas militum etc’xxxix 
435207rDe libertatibus allocandisde libertatibus allocandisxlii a iiij 
436207vde libertatibus allocandisxl 
437208rde libertatibus allocandisxl 
438208vde libertatibus allocandisxl 
439209rCorodies and pensionsDe corrodio habendoCap’m xli 
440209vde corrodio habendoxli 
441210rDe corrodio habendoxli 
442210vde annua pensione etc’ habend’xli 
443211rDe idiotis, leprosis, viis et venellisDe inquirendo de idiotaCap’m xlii 
444211vde inquirendo de idiotaxlii 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
445212rDe leproso amovendo etc’; De onerando pro rata porcionisxliiii b jYes 
446212vde onerando pro rata porcionisxlii 
447213rMiscellaneous ecclesiastical by the kingDe nominacione facta per Regemxliiiii b ij 
448213vxliii 
449214rDe presentacione etc’xliiiii b iij 
450214vde presentacione etc’xliii 
451215rde collacione et revocacione etc’xliiiii b iiij [cut off] 
452215vde ratificacione etc’xliii 
453216rDe revocacione etc’ de presentacione etc’xliii 
454216vlittere patentes aliorum quam Regisxliii 
455217rlittere alior’ quia Regis 
456217vDe manucapcionibusde manucapcione etc’Cap’m xliiii 
457218r 
458218vDe manucapcione etc’xliiii 
459219rDe manucapcionexliiii 
460219vde mittendo iudicamentumxliiii 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
461220rDe manucapcione etc’xliiiiii c j 
462220vDe manucapcione etc’xliiii 
463221rDe manucapcione etc’Yes 
464221vDe manucapcione etc’xliiii 
465222rDe supersedendo de exigend’ etc’xliiiiii c iij 
466222vDe supersedendo de exigend’ etc’xliiii 
467223rsupersedeas in placito transgressionis debiti vel compotixliiiiYes 
468223vDe supersedendo etc’xliiii 
469224rBlank except for header and foliationDe supersedendo etc’xliiii 
470224vMiscellaneous, including weights and measuresDe profro faciendo etc’Cap’m xlv 
471225rDe profro faciendo etc’xlv 
472225vDe bilanceis deferendisxlv 
473226rDe mensuris et ponderibus 
474226vCharters of pardon and miscellaneousCarta perdonacionis de defendenteCap’m xlvi 
475227rCarta perdonacionis utlagarie etc’xlvi 
476227vdexlvi 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
477228rDexlvi 
478228vBlank except for header and pencilled layoutDexlvi 
479229r 
480229vDe recapcione averiorum et de minis 
481230rDe idemptitate nominisii d iij [cut off] 
482230vDe statuto 
483231rDe attachiamento magisterium et servientem qui recessit etc’ii d iiij 
484231vAttincta in brevi de ingressu coram iusticiariis 
485232rAttincta quando uxor admittitur ad ius suum defendendum 
486232vattincta in brevi de forma donacionis 
487233r 
488233v 
489234r 
490234vBlank except for pencilled layout 
491235rBlank except for foliation and pencilled layout 
492235vBlank except for pencilled layout 
493236rCarta de trans’ et utlagaria 
494236vCarta in brevi de compoto 
495237rCarta quando quis utlagatur ad sectam R’ii e ij 
496237vde proteccione 
497238rii e iij 
  Marginalia: Additional marginalia in French in the right-hand margin and notes below the text.
498238vDe proteccione 
499239rDe proteccioneii e iiij 
500239v 
501240r 
502240v 
503241r 
504241v 
505242r 
506242v 
507243r 
508243v 
509244rNotesYes 
  Note: Text in similar or same hand as that which wrote the Index. List of writs: ‘Sequenta patenta brevia dirigenda post mortem tenentis domini Regis’. Commentary in English on the regula ‘Actio personalis moritur cum persona’.
510244vNotes 
  Note: Two writs in the same or similar hand. The writs concern a certiorari to the court of the constable, and the second of them mentions John Cheyne as the locumtenens in that court. That would have been sometime between 1393 and 1397. See N. Saul in ODNB, s.n. Cheyne, Sir John (d. 1414).
511245rNotes 
  Note: Notes in hands of various dates: Constat Johanni Clowgh (gothic, 16th c. hand); C. Fairfax (signature, 17th c.); ex libris (rubbed out; gothic, 16th c. hand); Hunt ex dono Willemi Malberne nuper Abatis Sancti Petri Gloucestrie quod v’ [?vide] fol’ penultima (with ‘pen’ struck through; 17th c. hand, perhaps that of Fairfax).
512245vBlank 
513no fol., no sig.Blank 
514no fol., no sig.Blank 
515no fol., no sig.Blank 
516no fol., no sig.Blank 
517no fol., no sig.Blank 
518no fol., no sig.Blank 
519no fol., no sig.Blank 
520no fol., no sig.Blank 
521no fol., no sig.Blank 
522no fol., no sig.Blank 
523no fol., no sig.Blank 
524no fol., no sig.Blank 
525no fol., no sig.Blank 
526no fol., no sig.Blank 
527no fol., no sig.Blank 
528no fol., no sig.Blank 
529no fol., no sig.Blank except for pencilled ?binder’s marks 
530no fol., no sig.Marbled freestanding endpaper 
531no fol., no sig.Marbled pastedown, with bookplate, From the Library of George Dunn, Gift of the Alumni of the Harvard Law School 
532no fol., no sig.Back cover 

 

Preliminary Analysis of the Register of Writs

 

 

No heading found

As indicated in the Introduction, the contents of this register almost certainly date from the first half of the 15th century, probably from the first quarter. Whether it was written in that period is a more difficult question, but we have convinced ourselves that it was probably written in the 15th century, and probably not at the end of that century. It fell into the hands of 16th-century clerks, and perhaps lawyers, who made cosiderable additions.

We have attempted in what follows to transcribe or describe the 16th-century additions. We have put these transcriptions or descriptions in the notes field. Had we left them in the writs field it would have thrown off the count of the writs. We have distinguished between those notes written in a ‘gothic’ script, as described in the Introduction, from those written in what seems to be Elizabethan secretary, which we have called ‘cursive’. Where the script is not marked it should be assumed to be ‘gothic’. We have made no attempt to distinguish among the hands writing in these two styles unless we were absolutely sure that it was a hand different from the two basic ones. We claim no expertise in Elizabethan secretary and even those additions made in ‘gothic’ script are not always easy to read. One must, however, start somewhere.

Two counts of the writs are given in the right-hand columns of the following table. The first counts all the writs for which there are marginal notes, excluding, however, the notes that are labelled ‘Regula’ or ‘Nota’. The second excludes from the total all the writs where the marginal note includes the words ‘eodem’ or ‘aliter’.

 

 

Seq.Fol.HeaderCapWrit(s)CountUniq
285vEx nudo pacto numquam oritur accioOrdo particularum; Recto patens en Londonia.22
4112rEx nudo pacto numquam oritur accio; De recto patensCap’m primumBreve de recto patens; Regula; Ballivis honoris; Regula; quando dominus est extra regnum; Regula; quando dominus est infra regnum; De attornato inde; Regula; De ordine particulare.66
Note: Marginalia: Nulli negabimus nec vendemus rectum vel iusticiam etc’ magna Carta ca 29; Processus inde sum’ Graund cape et petit cape; Episcopus electus scribatur ballivis al’ ou est evesque Fitz na’ br’ 12; q’ covient [probably connected with the preceding phrase in the regula ‘oportet quod Cancellarius inde certioret’].
4212vDe rectoIRegula; Ordo ponendi etc’; Regula; Aliter quando tenementum tenetur per servicium feodi I militis; Regula; Aliter; Nota; Aliter per liberum servic’ et feodi militis; Regula.41
Note: Marginalia: Unam partem ?exdecim [?ex decem, ?edecimatarum] partium M [?mille] acr’ terre v acr’ pastur’ cum pertinenciis in D in xxvi part’ dividend’ ac duas part’ unius partis predict’ xvi [sic] partium p’d’ M acr’ terre et v acr’ pasture cum pertinenciis in D in xxvi part’ dividend’; Excepcio on forprise en le brefe; De medietat’ manerii de C cum pertinenciis in C et D Necnon de advocacione ecclesie de C alterna vice cum accident’ / duas partes unius mes’ cum pertinenciis in B in tres partes ?divis’; quatuor partes sex partium manerii de C cum pertinenciis; De medietate advocacionis de advocacione medietatis ecclesie de D Fitz na br’ fo. 29 fo 315; De tercia parte advocacionis Fitz na br’ fo. 316; De medietate quater viginti acr’ terre [Registrum omnium breuium] fo. 223[b] ass’ mort’ antecess’; Ac de vis’ Franc’ pleg’ et libera Warrenna cum pertinenciis in D / de xviij acr’ et dimid’ unius acr’ terre iiijor acr’ et dimid’ unius acr’ prati.
4313rDe rectoIAliter; Aliter; Ordo ponendi particulas patet per hos versus; regula; De recto custodi terre et heredis; Regula; Aliter; Aliter; Regula; De recto de serviens feodi unius militis; Regula; Regula; De recto in Londonia.95
Note: Marginalia: Not bri’ d’un comen ad certein nomber des avers / uncore Fitz na bria’ dit q’ cest brefe ne gist per comen; Et xl acrar’ Jampnorum et bruere ac de co’ia pasture pro omnimodis animalibus cum pertinenciis in D necnon de co’ia pasture pro sex bovibus in le co’es pasture in D predict’; versus [in large letters next to the ordo ponendi particulas]; Not’ direccio erit custodi quando maior non est electus post exonerac’ alicuius maioris; cc ?Enpris quando tenens vocavit forinsec’ ad war’ in London’ [next to this in the lower margin is sample writ directed to the mayor and sheriffs of London].
4413vDe recto de doteIRegula; De attornato inde; Regula; Glouc’ capitulo xiio de attornato cum loquela fuerit adiornata coram iusticiis de banco; Versus predictum F inde; De attornato huius ammovendo et alio attornando; Aliter in quinque portubus; Regula; De recto de dote; Regula W’ secundum capitulo xlviio.65
Note: Marginalia: Precipe sum’ Graund cape et petit cape; nuper obiit gest ou lanucester morust seisi f. no fo. 9 ?G ioy treo ferrat partit per lestat partico 32 h 8 [written around and over the citation to c. 47 of Westminster II; transcription following ?G doubtful; meaning unclear]; Aliter ballivis [next to a sample writ in lower margin].
4514rDe recto de racionabili parteIAliter quando partem habet et partem non; Regula; Aliter quando clamat pertinere ad liberum tenementum; Aliter pro viro et uxore; Regula en la quele le baron’ la femme avoit fee quele baille on office; Regula; De racionabili parte; Regula; Aliter; Regula; Aliter.61
Note: Marginalia: dower de officio; en gavelkinde [crossed out]; est briefe de droit patent; ceste briefe serra patent et direct al’ segnior; Precipe sum’ graund cape et petit cape; nota les services; Quando partem habet et partem non; [3 regulae/notae are added in the bottom margin, the first and third in cursive script, the second in gothic].
4614vDe recto Ne iniuste vexesIDe attornato de racionabili parte; De recto Episcopo; Regula; Sede vacante; Aliter abbati; Ballivis electi; Ne iniuste vexes; Regula; De attornato inde; Regula; De attornato inde pro defendente; Quando dominus Curie remisit Curiam suam domino Regi; Regula; Littera per quam dominus remittit Curiam suam domino Regi.109
Note: Marginalia: No: na est precipu? tibi; Serra patent in nova br’ nec inde ab eo exig’ in veti’ nuper a brevi inde relect’ est ?nova brevi idem; Vid’ no na brev’; Quod predictum et loco primo ? a ad ?quor ret T etc’.
4715rDe recto etc’ precipe in capiteIRegula; Nota; Nota; Precipe in capite; Capitula xxiiio; Aliter De attornato inde; Breve Iusticiariis de non intromittendo quando breve illud sub dole impetratur; Supersedeas in brevi de recto quando tenens vocavit forinsecum ad Warantum; Nota quod ?habe’ breve potest dirigi maiori et vic’ Londonie; quod vicecomes accedat ad Curiam ad ?inbribend’ Ballivis ne procedant; Anno 9 H 3 capitula 24.76
Note: Marginalia: Anno 9 H 3 capitula 24 Magna Carta; Magna Carta; conceditur sine fine et non indorsetur et est breve clau’o ?fi na fo. 54; Sit hic R; Capitula 24; Breve Iusticiariis de banco quod non teneant placita nisi tenementum teneatur de Rege in Capite.
4815vRecordari in brevi de rectoIRegula; In Curiam ville ballivis Regis in quis primo vocavit intrinsecum et post extrinsecum ad Warantum; Recordari in brevi de recto pro tenente; Causa in breve patens; Causa; Causa; Causa; Causa.77
4916rSupersedeas recordari de rectoINota; Regula; Supersedeas recordari si non sit recordatum quia causa cessat; Pone in brevi de recto in Comitatu pro petente; Regula; Pone pro defendente cum causa; Causa; Attachiamentum quando dominus non vult tenere Curiam.55
Note: Marginalia: Vide folio 10; vide rotuli brevi fol 9.
5016vRecordari in Comitatu Cestrie etc’ de rectoIRegula; Regula; Recordari in comitatu cestrie quando tenens vocavit forinsecum ad warantum; Dedimus potestatem de attornato inde recipiendo; Usque ibi vocaverit ad warantum tunc sic pro quod recordum et processum loquele predicte coram Iusticiariis utris de Banco; De errore in comitatu cestrie; Dedimus potestatem recipiendi attornatum pro vocato Warant’ quando loquela est coram Iusticiariis.55
Note: Marginalia: Regula hic.
5117rProhibicio de recto etc’IRecordari in Episcopatu Dunelm’ quando tenens vocavit forinsecum ad warantum; Regula; Prohibicio quando tenens posuit se in magnam assisam; Aliter Ballivis; Aliter domino; Aliter de consuetudinibus et serviciis.52
Note: Marginalia: Conceditur sine fine et ?? in cancellaria rotul’.
5217vDe iurata loco magne assiseIAliter de Gavelkynde quando posuit se in Juro loco magne assise; Regula; Quando posuit se in iurata loco magne assise in Curiam baronum; Nota; Quando uxor per defaltam viri admittitur iuxta statutum et ponitur in iuratam; Aliter; Nota; Regula; De magna assisa eligenda.53
Note: Marginalia: fitz na br’ fo 7 ? fo 41; fitz na br’ het auditurus.
5318rAttachiamentum super ballivos quia processerunt post prohibicionemIRegula; Aliter de consuetudinibus et serviciis; Attachiamentum super ballivos quando processerunt post prohibicionem in brevi de recto patenti; Regula de essonio de malo lecti; Regula; De attornato languidi recipiendi.32
Note: Marginalia: na. br’ fol. 4; Not’ per fitz na’ br’ sin le prohibic’ estrera ati et p??reo demite attachment fo. 7; Diem et annum sur essonie de malo lecti; post essoni de malo lecti in brevi de recto.
5418vDe recto secundum consuetudinem maneriiCap’m secundamRegula; De licencia surgendi de malo lecti; Nota; De recto secundum consuetudinem manerii.22
Note: Marginalia: Que est in com’ cuo vel in Curiam cat’ vel coram Iusticiariis utris etc’ per breve de recto; In quibus brevibus attornatus non debet fieri nec allocari def’; vide regn’ in parvo brevi de recto in antiquo dominico fo 12.
5519rDe recto secundum consuetudinem maneriiAliter; Regula; De via obstructa; Attachiamentum super dominum quando recusat tenere curiam suam Aliter super ballivos; Regula; Aliter domino cure quando idem dominus deforceat alicui Regula et Nota Ad videndum quod plena iusticia exhibeatur.2-1
Note: Marginalia: fitz na br’ fo 12; ad nocumentum unius mes’ quod idem R secundum consuetudinem manerii predicti [an addition to the text rather than a marginal note]; vide fo 9 est pon’ hic attach’; [‘?quod vic’’ etc, superscript] ad respondend’ tam nob’ quam prefat’; vel sic predictum breve nostrum ?recipere [written in cursive script; in the left hand margin is a long note in the same script citing to Fitzherbert NNB fol. 12]; na br’ fol 3 [in cursive script]; le def’ poet remove et pur bone cause; Aliter de communa pasture [written next to this in the lower margin is another precedent writ].
5619vde procedendo in brevi de rectoiiSicut alias inde; De recto et racionabili iudicio habendo quando nolunt procedere ad iudicium; Regula; Aliter in curiam; Cum pluries inde; Regula; De procedendo in brevi de recto; Regula; Nota.54
5720rRecordari secundum consuetudinem maneriiiiRecordari secundum consuetudinibus manerii pro tenente per causam; Causa super cartam; Regula; Causa per finem levatum.33
Note: Marginalia: fitz na: br’ fo 4: pur causes; [written in cursive script in blank space between the entries are two regulae/notae about recordari, the first citing to YB 39 H 6 and Fitzherbert DNB fol. 72, the second without citation].
5820vSupersedeas in brevi de recto etc’iiRecordari secundum consuetudinibus manerii sine brevi; Causa; Causa quia tenentes sunt in manu domini manerii per feloniam tenentis; Causa quia alias compartum fuit per assisam quod tenenementum sit liberum feodum ad communem legem; Nota; Causa; Causa; Causa.77
Note: There are two additional notes in the lower margin, one written in French in cursive script citing an opinion Bryan CJCP in ?H 1 ?H 7, the other in Latin in a gothic script with no citation.
5921rDe recto secundum consuetudinem maneriiiiCausa in recordari ad sectam petentis et fuit consessa [see marginalia]; Supersedeas quando tenens vocavit forinsecum ad warantum; Glouc’ capitulo xiiiio; Aliter quando uxor admittitur ad ius suum defendendum; Attachiamentum super ballivos quando processerunt pendente placito Warantie; De certificacionie si loquela Warantie sit discontinuata in parvo brevi de recto per non sectam.65
Note: Marginalia: Ista causa fuit concessa anno xviio per preceptum R. Parnyng’ canc’ [hand different from main gothic hand; Parning was chancellor from 1341–1343]; quels brefes sont pledable in antiquo dominico [in left margin]; anno xviii per preceptum Roberti Parnyng’ canc’; retorn’ in communi banco a responder cybene al Roy come al partie pur le contempt f: na: br’ fol: 14; Teste apud Waltham anno viio.
6021vMonstravit pro hominibus de antiquo dominicoiiAliter de eodem secundum Wayremyn; Breve coram Rege ad adnullandem finem levatum de tenementis que sunt de antiquo dominico corone Anglie.21
Note: Marginalia: Conceditur sine fine et indors’; Et nota quod antequam breve istud sigilletur oportet quod tenor pedis finis de quo fuit mencio in isto brevi mittatur in Canc’ et hoc virtute brevis de morar’; [long note in French in gothic script with citations to YBB of Edward III extended into the lower margin in cursive scipt].
6122rMonstravit etc’iiRegula; Pro hominibus de antiquo dominico Regula; De eodem vicecomiti; Regula; Attachiamentum inde; Nota; De attornato in brevi de attachiamento.32
Note: Marginalia: [Two notes with further references to Parning, one in the upper margin in cursive script, the other next to the entry in gothic script]; [note in a different hand in cursive script referring to Fitzherbert NNB fol. 15]; conceditur sine fine et non indors’ na fo 15; conceditur sine fine et indors’.
6222vDe domesday [+ addition]iiPro hominibus de hameletto; Ad attachiamentum dominum qua bona abstulit pendente attachiamento; De certiorando utrum manerium sic de antiquo dominico necne; Regula; Aliter per que servicia tenetur capitulo lio domesday.43
Note: Marginalia: conceditur sine fine et indors’; domesday.
6323rDe falso iucidioCap’m iiiRegula; De falso iudicio in Comitatu; Regula; Nota; Aliter in Curia per breve de recto patens; De attornatu inde; Aliter in Curia sine brevi; Aliter in hundredo.52
Note: Marginalia: Lou bref de faux judgment gist et lou bref de error flo iudic’ est retorne in communi banco error in banco regis regul’ fo 296; no na br’ fo. 12, breve de falso iudicio in a[. . .]; toute ?dicitur pro fine dr’ ?de iudicio; alienat’ post indicium; per breve de recto patens; non dicitur aliud breve ut in recto claus’: pagine proceden’; eodem in modo fiat in Com’ mutatis mutandis; pur ?trans; pur covenaunt.
6423vDe falso iudicioiiiAliter pro Abbe; Regula; Nota; Aliter in Curia quando uxor admittitur ad ius suum defendendum iuxta formam statuti; De falso iudicio pro eo qui petiit de admitti ad ius suum defendendum; Quando loquela fuerit in Curia per returnum brevis et est contra ?rem Registri; Nota; Aliter in Curia heredis de loquela que fuit in Curia matris tenentis in dotem etc’ quando petiit se admitti; Nota.52
Note: Marginalia: Pro uxore alicuius; pro eo quod tenens in dotem de predicta uxore fecit defaltam; il en cest cas il avera breve de error no br fol 19; procendend’ in london in as’ frisce forc’ forc’ [followed by the writ in the lower margin].
6524rDe falso iudicio et errore corrigendoiiiDe falso iucidio in Curia que habet returnum brevium; Aliter sine brevi secundum consuetudinem Civitatis; Nota; De errore in assisa frisce forcie; Nota; Cum pluries inde.43
Note: Marginalia: R Parvyng’ Canc’; C’ ut supra; vide plur’ f. 132.
6624vDe errore corrigendo et exec’ iudicijiiiDe errore coram Iusticiariis de Banco; Regula; De executione iudicii; Sicut Alias; Cum pluries; Regula; Attachiamentum.55
Note: Marginalia: in com’ vide procedend’ ad iudicium fo. 131; Causa in le recordari ad a sectam peten’ et fuit concess’ anno xviiio per preceptum Roberti Parvyng’ tunc Canc’ [next to extracts from a writ given in the lower margin].
67no fol.De execucione iudiciiiiiAliter; Aliter in Curia; Aliter; Aliter in Londonia; Aliter; Nota.50
6925rDe Waranto etc’iiiAliter; De Waranto de servicio Regis sine brevi; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Regula; Aliter de diversis diebus et diversis loquelis.61
Note: Marginalia: pro defend’; de servicio Regis [?Regine] coram Iusticiariis qz xv pasche est dies dominica [sic]; ei breve post no na br’ in defect’ [position of ‘ei’ unclear]; Nota quod termino Michaelis annis regnorum Philippi et Marie quarto et quinto firma tenebatur opinio per Iustic’ de communi Banco quod brevia preceden’ concedi possunt per dominum Cancellarium Anglie; [1 nota and 2 regulae in the lower margin].
7025vde procedendo etc’iiiRegula; de Warranto per testimonium Senescalli Regis; Regula; Aliter; Nota; Ad procedendum quod non sit in servicio Regis et prius se essoniaverit etc’; de clameo admittendo in initere per attornatum primo die itineris; de libertatibus exigendis in itinere; De attornato in omnibus placitis in itinere et ad libertates calumpniandas; Regula; Aliter iuxta formam statuti.75
Note: Marginalia: pur discharger de amerciamente; crastino xv Pasche; [an addition in the lower margin in a hand that does not seem later than that of the text amends one of the writs to make it apply to the appointment of an attorney before the court of the Constable and Marshall].
7126rDe procedendo etc’iiiDedimus potestatem; de attornato inde; Regula.22
7226vde attornato generaliiiiide attornato generali pro illo qui profecturus est; de attornato pro morante in partibus transmarinis; de attornato in hibernia; de attornato in hibernia pro morante in Anglie; dedimus potestatem in generali attornato; Nota de principiis brevium de dedimus potestatem; Aliter in omnibus placitis ad libertates exigendas sub calumpniacione; dedimus potestatem ut supra infirmis.76
Note: An addition in the lower margin in a hand that does not seem later than that of the text suggests language to make the writ applicable to the appointment of more than one attorney for the two-year period.
7327rde attornato generalide generali attornato pro priore sancti Johannis Jerusalem in omnibus placitis ad libertates prosequendas; Quod abbas ad totam vitam suam possit facere generalem attornatum.22
7427vde attornato etc’iiiide attornato inde; de custode generali pro eo qui est infra etatem; littera patens ad faciendum generalem attornatum.33
Note: Marginalia: quia infirmus.
7528rde attornato etc’; proteccio cum clausula volumusiiiide attornato generali inde; Anno xio Regis E avi Regis huius; de attornato generali in Insulis; protectio cum clausula volumus.44
Note: Marginalia: [List of statutory references, the last of which is 14 Edw. IV, c. 2].
7628vde proteccioneiiiiAliter; Nota; Aliter in iniuncione castri; Aliter quia incarceratur; Proteccio cum clausa nolumus; Aliter pro seculari; aliter vicecomiti; De revocacione proteccionis; Regula; Proteccio pro clero.84
Note: Marginalia: Nullus minister noster neque hered’ nostrorum capiant blada aut aliqua alia bona cuiuscumque sine voluntate et assensu illius cuius ?fiunt statut’ de tallagio non concedend’ / proteccion’ ?pro ?castell’.
7729rde proteccioneiiiiUniversis et singulis vicecomitis maioribus ballivis senescallis propositis et aliis ministris subditis et fidelibus suis ad quos etc’ salt’m; Aliter pro mercatoribus lumbardis debitoribus Regis.21
7829vde proteccioneiiiiProteccio de unius; Aliter; Aliter; Proteccio pro hospitali ad elemosinas colligendas.42
7930rde proteccioneiiiiAliter; de conductu.21
8030vde proteccioneiiiiAliter.10
8131rde attornato recipiendoCap’m vDe attornato ad loquelam prosequendam sine brevi; Nota; Nota Merton’ Capitulo ixo; De attornato admovendo et loco suo alium substituendo dedimus potestatem; de attornato admovendo et aliis substituendis; de attornato admovendo et nullum substituendo; Dedimus potestatem recipiendi attornatum ad libertates calumpniandas; de attornato quando loquela que fuit coram Iusticiariis retornatur placitand’ in Curia iuxta libertates; Aliter quando quis petitur in auxilium; De attornato pro vocato ad Warantum in duabus loquelis; aliter de attornato Faciendo.98
Note: Marginalia: dedimus potestatem; [interlined alternative laguage for one of the writs].
8231vDe attornatis recipiendisvdedimus potestatem quando quis est admissus ad defendendum ius etc’ et vocatis ad warrantum; de attornato quando uxor petit admitti set non est admissa; dedimus potestatem recipiendi attornatos et Custodes; de custode et attornato in eodem et Nota; de attornato ad loquela prosequenda et convenit cum brevi procedente; de attornato pro eo qui premunitur etc’ in brevi quale ius etc’.54
8332rde attornato recipiendovde attornato quando factum committitur in equali manu custodiendum et breve de detencione scripti portatur; de attornato ad petendum se admitti ad defendendum ius suum per defaltam tenentis ad terminum vite si faciat defaltam.22
8432vde attornato recipiendovde attornato recipiendo pro uxore ad defendendum ius suum pro defalta viri sui si contingat ipsum facere defaltam; de eodem de attornato admittendo.21
8533rde advocacione ecclesieCap’m viRegula.00
Note: Marginalia: Quare impedit pur le Roy poet estre ret’ in banco Regis ou in coem banck no na br. fo 32 et Regr’ fo 30 brevia de cursu error retorn’ in banco Regis falso iudic’ in communi banco, no na br dit q’ error poet estre ret’ in coem banck fo 30.
8633vde advocacione ecclesieCap’m viDe recto de advocacione ecclesie; Ad Bancum inde; De attornato inde; Regula; De advocacione decimarum; Nota; Nota; Aliter de advocacione decimarum; Nota; Regula.54
Note: Marginalia: process’ inde sum’ grand’ cape et petit cape; vide natur’ huius brevis in brevi de quare impedit fo 30; de medietate advocat’ et advocat’ medietat’ ecclesie fitz na brevi fo 31; [a regula is inserted in the margin below the text in cursive script; a different hand in cursive script below it cites a YB case from Brooke’s Abridgement].
8734rAssisa ultime presentacionisviAliter pro Rege; de attornato inde; de attincta inde; Aliter.42
Note: Marginalia: nota ubi hoc breve impetratur post resignat’ incumbent tamen dicitur que mortua est etc’ fitz na br’ fo 31 h’; Anno 9 h 6 ca 13 vide natur’ huius brevis in brevi de quare impedit fo 30; vide na br’ fol 31 [followed by a note in cursive script, difficult to read]; plege in quare impedit Teste del breife die quo impetratur nullo modo antea.
8834vQuare impeditviQuare impedit pro Rege racione Episcopatus vacatus; Sine titulo ut de iure Corone; Racione Episcopatus / Racione Custodie; Aliter racione custodie occasione alterius custodie in manu custodis anno octavo; Pro Rege et alia persona.54
Note: Marginalia: process’ inde sum’ attach’ et dissties [?read ‘distres’] infinite peremptore; nota ?cestie brefe portera date die impretrat’ brevis; not’ cest bref’ ou fait retorn’ en banco Regis vel coram Iusticiariis come fuit pur le Roy aut en banco; vel custos terr’ hered’; ieo ?voy le Roy avera lenitier presentment fitz na br’ fo 32 et suit [see Fitzherbert NNB fol. 33 f.; the author seems to be disagreeing with F. here].
8935rQuare impeditviAliter anno xviiio; de attornato in quare impedit; quare impedit pro alio; Aliter; Nota; Pro Custode terre et heredis; Aliter; de attornato inde; de cantaria W ii Capitulo vto; Regula; Regula.85
Note: Marginalia: fitz na br fo 37 h ?3; nota ?rentur’ per na br’ fol 37; laps vers le Roy nest ley ?cestye ioure fitz na fo 37.
9035vne admittat etc’viNe admittas; Nota; de certiorando utrum placitum pendeat in Banco per quare impedit; Breve inde Episcopo; Regula; Ne admittat quando Episcopus est pars; Regula; De collacione facta uni post mortem alicuis ubi primo facta fuit collacio.55
Note: Marginalia: conceditur sine fine et non indors’; Ne admittas poet estre sue per def’ per Fitz na br’ fo 37 h et estre bon ne grant cestre brefe devaunt certiorare al Justic’ de certifier si ple pend’ devaunt luy uncore poet este ?fitir [?read fait] sans certiorari; ad admittendum clericum non obstant’ ne admittas; Ne admittas.
9136rQuare non admisit etc’viQuare non admisit super assisa ultime presentacionis; Regula; De attornato inde.22
Note: Marginalia: de attornato super Ne admittat; Quare non admisit [a regula about this in English is in the lower margin].
9236vQuare incumbravit etc; utrumvivi; Quare; Aliter pro Rege super quare impedit; Nota; Quare incumbravit super assisa ultime presentacionis; Aliter; Aliter; de attornato inde; Regula; Regula; W iim Capitulo xxxiiiio; incumbrant etc; utrum.107
Note: Marginalia: consideracionem curie in causa predicta [in cursive script]; Quare incumbravit [in gothic script; a regula about this in English is next to this in the lower margin].
9337rde utrum etc’Breve de utrum; Marl’ capitulo xio W’ secundum capitulo xxiiii; Regula; Aliter; de attornato inde; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter pro Custode Cantarie; Regula; Westm’ ii capituo xviiio.94
Note: Marginalia: de visu suburbie London’ natur br’ fol 50; coram Justic’ pur redd’ in Londonia; utrum [a regula about this in English is in the lower margin].
9437vQuod Episcopus admittit clericum quia etc’; De prohibicioneCap’m viiBreve quod Episcopus admittit clericum quia partes sunt concordate extra Curiam non obstante prohibicione; Anno xxiiiio; prohibicio de advocacione ecclesie; Inde parti ne sequatur; Attachiamentum inde; de attornato inde.66
Note: Marginalia: Prohibicio; fo 44.
9538rde prohibicioneviiProhibicio pro Rege de ecclesia; Regula; prohibicio pro Rege de hospitali; Pro Rege de prebenda; Attachiamentum pro Rege; Prohibicio de catallis et debitis; Inde parti; Attachiamentum inde; de attornato inde.88
9638vde prohibicioneviiAliter pro Rege Judici vel parti; Attachiamentum inde pro Rege; Prohibicio de laico feodo; Regula; Attachiamentum inde; de attornato inde; Aliter pro clericis; Regula; Attachiamentum versus Judicem quia tenuit.75
Note: Marginalia: Regis ius na br’ fo 40.
9739rde prohibicione etc’viiAttachiamentum super Iudicem quando admittere recusat prohibicionem; Prohibicio de collacione scolarum gramaticalium; regula; Prohibicio de trans; Inde parti ne sequatur; Atachiamentum inde; Pro Rege; Attachiamentum pro Rege; Aliter.98
9839vDe prohibicione etc’; Indicavitviide attornato in attachiamento prohibicionis de trans; Regula; Regula; Regula; Nota; Indicavit; Aliter inde parti; Aliter indicavit; Regula; De attornato inde.53
9940rDe prohibicione; IndicavitIndicavit pro Rege; Aliter pro clericis; Nota; Prohibicio de decimis separatis pro Rege; Aliter; Nota; Prohibicio ne laici ad citacionem Episcopi conveniant ad recognicionem faciendam; Attachiamentum inde; Prohibicio de recognicione debitorum in Curia Xtianitatis.75
Note: Marginalia: vide statut’ Anno 2 E s [?Edwardi secudi] Item 4 2 E 3; consimiles.
10040vde prohibicionibusviiAttachiamentum inde; Aliter recognitione debiti; Attachiamentum inde.32
10141rde prohibicioneviiAliter de recognitione debiti; Aliter; Prohibicione de debito recuperando quia non tangit etc’; Aliter de recognitione debiti.41
10241vde prohibicionibusviiAliter de redditibus feodalibus; Nota in brevi; de eodem; Prohibicione de convencione quod patronus sit quietus de decimis.31
10342rde prohibicioneviiNota; prohibicio quando Iudex implacat deferentem sibi prohibicionem Regis; Attachiamentum inde.22
10442vde prohibicioneviiProhibicio de laico feodo formata; Ne trahatur in placitum in Curia pro eo quod sequitur ius in Curia Regis; Attachiamentum inde.33
10543rde prohibic’viiprohibicio de quadam convencione eligendi priorem.11
10643vde prohibic’viiNe quis visitet hospitale fundatum Rege vel progenitoribus suis; Ne quis intromittat de libera capella Regis; Ne intromittat de hospitali quod totum non consistit in temporalibus.33
Note: Marginalia: ordinarius; eo.
10744rde prohibicioneviiProhibicio quando provisor placitat terminare ut clericum suum super advocacionem.11
10844vde prohibicioneviiprohibicio de advocacione ecclesie; prohibicio quando quis trahitur etc’ eo quod asservit se controfacere sigillum.22
10945rde prohibicioneviiprohibicio eo quod asservit se diffamari pro eo quod testimonium prohibuit veritati; Quando Iudex excommunicatam partem impetrantem prohibuit; Prohibicio ne Episcopus conferat ecclesiam ante sex menses elapsos.33
Note: Marginalia: fecit.
11045vde prohibicioneviiQuod clerici de cancellaria non respondeant nisi coram Cancellarium trans; Nota; Anno viio; Prohibicio quando defendens in Curia Regis implacitat querelam in Curia Xtianitatis de lesione fidei; Ne hospitale Regis visitetur per ordinarium.44
Note: Marginalia: et ministri eius.
11146rde prohibicioneviiProhibicio quando quis post recuperacionem in Curia Regis prosequitur appellacionem in Curia Xtianitatis de non admissione versus Episcopum; prohibicio de laico feodo.22
11246vde prohibic’viiSupersedeas pro clericis et servientibus cancellarii.11
11347rde consultacioneviiscire facias quare prohibicio non revocetur et consultacio porrigatur.11
11447vde consultacioneCap’m viiiConsultacio versus parochianum super emendacione corporis ecclesie; Aliter in causa testamenti.21
11548rde consultacioneviiiContra Capellanum pro concubina; Aliter de eodem.21
11648vDe consultacioneviiide manuum inieccione in clericum pro expensis adiudicatis; De expensis adiudicatis in causa diffamacionis.22
11749rde consultacioneviiiConsultacio de diffamacione; Consultacio de decimis; Consultacio de mortuariis.33
11849vde consultacioneviiiCosultacio de legatis; Aliter de legatis; Aliter inde parti; de manuum inieccione in clericum.42
11950rde consultacionevii [sic]Aliter post appellum; Consultacio in causa matrimonium; Aliter de eodem; Consultacio de usura.42
12050vde consultacioviiiConsultacio de spoliacione decimarum; Aliter de eodem.21
12151rde consultacioneviiiAliter de eodem; Aliter de eodem et mortuariis.20
12251vde consultacioneviiiAliter de eodem; Consultacio versus impedientem cariare decimas per loca etc’.21
12352rde consultacioneviiiAliter de eodem; Quando placitum est in Curia Xtianitatis inter duos clericos de decimis et patronus alterius clerici tulerit breve indicavit tunc alter clericus habeat istud breve ad inquirendum de valore ecclesie et decimarum petitarum etc’.21
12452vde consultacioneviiiRegula; Nota; Consultacio de non admissione.11
12553rde consultacioneviiiConsultacione de decimis lane; Consultacione de defectibus in Rectoria repertis.22
Note: Marginalia: quando pecunia petitur racione defectuum in rectoria repertorum.
12653vde consultacioneviiiAliter de eodem; Consultacio de decimis vitulorum lane ?lactag’ mellis et cere; De decimis pannagio butiri casei etc’.32
12754rde consultacioneviiiConsultacio de decimis super indicavit; Consultacio de decimis lane ovium per medietatem anni in parochia depastentium; Consultacio de oblacionibus in correcionis anime diebus festivis.33
Note: Marginalia: causa.
12854vde consultacioneviiiDe duabus capis legatis et detentis per executores; De decimis subtractis tempore vacacionis quando Episcopus habet omnes proventus.22
12955rDe consultacioviiiAd procedendum ad penam interdicti pro Cantaria subtracta.11
13055vde consultacioneviiiConsultacio super iudicem quando provisor instituitur canonice.11
13156rDe consultacioneviiiConsultacio pro fratribus de confessionibus audiendis et sepultura habendis; Apud Wyndesore xxo die Augusti Anno xiio; Consultacio de uxore spoliata habenda.33
13256vde consultacioneviiiDe misis et expensis in causa diffamacionis adiudicatis; De repeticione pecunie prelato vel leso promisse; Consultacio ad procedendum in causa de inhabilitate persone.33
13357rde consultacioneviiiConsultacio ad procedendum in causa legati pro freribus etc’; De eodem pro eisdem freribus.21
13457vde consultacioneviiiIn causa diffamacionis; Aliter de silva cedua.21
13558rDe consultacioneAliter in violacione sequestri; Consultacio ad procedendum in causa subtraccionis cuiusdam libre cere ecclesie ab antiquo debite de quodam tenemento; Consultacio ad procedendum in causa diffamacionis et similiter in causa submissionis.32
13658vde consultacioneviiiConsultacio ad procedendum eo quod Cancellaria est subtracta et ad Cancellarium huius in statum pristinum ducend’.11
13759rde consultacioneAliter inde.10
13859vde consultacioneviiiConsultacio de detencione legatorum etc’.11
13960rDe consultacioneviiiConsultacio ad procedendum in causa de subtraccione pensionis.11
14060vde consultacioneviiiItem de annua pensione; Consultacio ad procedendum in causa adnullacionis cuiusdam annue pensionis de duabus partibus proventuum ecclesie; Consultacio de annua pensione etc’.33
14161rde consultacioneviiiConsultacio ad procedendum quia pecunia petitur racione matrimonii contracti etc’; Consultacio de transgressione facta Capellano vel alii clerico.22
14261vde consultacioneviiiAliter de eodem; Consultacio notabile valde; Consultacio quando quis admittitur ad prebendam in iure Regis alia parte habente ius per sedem applicatam ad hoc non vocat’.32
144no fol.Scire facias quando consultacio non debeat concedi post prohibicionem.11
14662vDe residencia non faciendaCap’m ixQuando clerici Regis non impellantur ad residenciam personalem faciendam; articuli cleri capitulo viio; et nota sicut alias; Attachiamentum inde; Aliter pro clericis de Cancellario et de officio non assinuendo; Aliter pro morante in obsequis Regis extra regnum; Aliter quando amerciatus est pro non residencia.74
14763rNe quis trahatur in causam extra regnumPlaciti ne quis trahatur in causam extra regnum; Attachiamentum inde; Ne quis de transferat extra etc’; Aliter ad respondendum extra regnum super hiis quorum cognicio spectat ad Regis.43
14863vNe quis citet clerices ad respondendum coram summo pontificeixNe quis citet clericum Regis ad respondendum parti coram summo pontifice super hiis etc’ ad Regem; Inde parti.22
14964rDe vi laica ammovendaixDe vi laica et armata amovenda; Anno xiiiio R E secundi; Aliter de eodem; De vi laica tantum; Regula; Aliter de eodem.53
Note: Marginalia: testi poss’ ?voieceo in Fitz na br’ fo 54 ff [see Fitzherbert NNB fol. 57; the author may be referring to the fact that F. says that the writ can issue even without certification by the bishop].
15064vAd iura regiaCap’m xNe vicecomes colore mandati quemquam ammoveat a possessione ecclesie; Ad iura regia.22
15165rAd iura regiaxNe iudices delegati teneant placitum de advocacione prebende quam Rex contulit; Ad iura regia patens.22
15265vAd iura regiaAliter de capiendo impugnatores et fit patens; Aliter quando Rex presentavit clericum et non dum recuperavit presentacionem; Aliter quando recuperavit.30
15366rAttachiamentum super ad iura regiaxAliter prohibicio parti quando clericus adeptus est possessionem; Attachiamentum super ad iura regia quando Rex presentus.21
15466vAttachiamentum quando Rex recuperavit presentacionem etc’xAliter attachiamentum; Ad iura regia ad revocacionem inhibicionis post appellacionem.21
15567rAnno xiii; Attachiamentum per corpus quando Rex recuperavit presentacionem.22
15768rCommissio ad capiendum impugnatores etc’xCommissio ad capiendum impugnatores; Attachiamentum pro aliquo et nota quando fecit provocacionem etc’ post prohibicionem et pres’ recuperat’; Nota valde; Anno xvo; Ne quis citet clericum extra regnum ad respondendum de beneficio per Regem collato.44
15868vAttachiamentum post recuperacionem etc’xAttachiamentum inde post recuperacionem.11
15969rde excommunicato capiendoCap’m xiDe excommunicato capiendo; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Sicut alias cum pluries; Regula; Aliter ad certificacionem Cancellarium Oxon’; Excommunicato capiendo.73
Note: Marginalia: process’ ?inde cap ?sidam [perhaps ‘secunda’] cap cum proclam’ et capias infinit ove proclam’; et qualit’ dict’ preceptum nostrum fueris execut’ scire fac’ nob’ in Octabis sancti Michaelis ubicumque tunc sumus in Anglia ut ulterius super premissis fieri facias prout de iure et secundum formam statuti in hoc casu nuper provis’ fuerit faciend’ et hoc nullatenus omittas et habeas ibi hoc breve T etc’.
16069vde excommunicato deliberandoxide excommunicato deliberando quia exposuit caucoionem; Regula; de excommunicato deliberando; Regula; Episcopo de admittendo caucionem; Regula; Inde vicecomiti.44
16170rde caucione etc’xiAttachiamentum inde; de caucione pignoraticie invenienda antequari deliberetur.22
16270vde excommunicato recapiendo etc’xide deliberando W per caucionem idoneam licet caucionem pigneratam non inveniat et debet fieri post breve precedens; Nota; de excommunicato recapiendo; Supersedeas de capiendo corpus pendente placito attachiamenti; Regula; Aliter pro clericis.43
16371rDe supersedendo pendente appellacionexiSupersedeas pendente appellacione; Aliter quia pars exhibuit litteras papales; Nota; scire facias de supersedendo pendente appellacione et excommunicato capto deliberando per manucapcionem.32
Note: Marginalia: quare non debet.
16471vDe supersedendo super le scire faciasxiSupersedeas super le scire facias quia pars non venit; scire facias ad denunciacionem vicarii generalis et de excommunicato in cancellaria ducendo quia non invenit manucapcionem; Nota; Significavit inde Iusticiariis quod procedant non obstante excommunicacione allegata coram eis.33
16572rde excommunicato dimisso etc’ iterum capiendoxide exommunicato capto et dimisso per manucapcionem averii capiendi quia non venit in Curia.11
16672vsupersedeas capcioni corporis etc’; De bonis clerici purgati liberandisxisupersedeas capcioni usque certum diem datum in Curia; de terris tenementis bonis et catallis clerici purgati liberandis eidem; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Nota; Quod extractus ab ecclesia vel cimiterio restituatur.63
16773rQuod extractus ab ecclesia restituatur de apostota capiendoxiDe apostata capienda; Aliter; scire facias et supersedeas in le significavit.32
16873vde vasto in dotem etc’Cap’m xiide vasto in dotem versus mulierem W’ secundum capitulo xiiiio; Glouc’ capitulo vo; Regula; de attornato inde; Aliter de iure ecclesie; Aliter versus virum et mulierem; Nota; Versus mulierem quando recuperavit et facit vastum apud E anno nono; Quando vir et mulier tenuerunt in dotem de Rege et Rex concessit reversionem apud Londoniam anno xlversus tenentem in dotem ex assignacione heredis.75
Note: Marginalia: not’ statut’ Glouc’ ca 5 abr’ Wast’ 4; not iudic’ inde R[?egul]a ti Wast 5; process’ inde sum’ attachiamentum et distres peremptorie in omnibus; coment que ils graunt ouster lour estat’ a auters; ex concessione.
16974rde vasto in custodiaxiiAliter versus tenentem in dotem ex assensu patris versus quem ipsa recuperavit; Aliter de vivariis molendinis etc’; Regula; Breve de vasto versus Custodem; Aliter versus executores post mortem Custodis; de inquirendo de vasto in custodia per Regem dimissa; de attornato de vasto in custodia; Aliter versus tenentem per legem Anglie.73
Note: Marginalia: per statutum Glouc’ Ra ti Wast’ 4 et ibidem mentionatur le tenaunt in dower; ?tenut na br fol 56.
17074vde vasto in custodiaxiiGlouc’ capitula vo W iim capitulo xiiiio; de attornato inde; Aliter quando tenens per legem Anglie efficitur tenens ad terminum vite per concessionem reversionis; Nota; Nota; Marl’ capitulo xxiiio; Aliter ad terminum vite vel annorum; Glouc’ Capitulo vo Westm’ primum capitulo xiiiode attornato inde; Aliter pro abbate; Aliter versus executores; Aliter de tenentis dimissis mulieri; de ten’ mulieri et viro suo et her’ viride ten’ de viro et uxori eius et heredibus de corpore uxoris exeuntibus.105
Note: Marginalia: lun ?comparamon [?read compaignon] lesse par vie eve rem’ enfee aluy navera Wast vers’ lauter mes son heire avera 50 et 3 br Wast 56; Wast v’s survivor vide bref sequen’ sign’ [curlicue]; anno 52 H 3 ca 23 q’ est statut’ Marlbr’ Ra 3; q’ fuit 20 et 1 Ra 7 dimiss’ antecessoris; di; not’ regul’ preceden’ [curlicue]; Wast’ pur t’ en tayle.
17175rde vastoxiide ten’ in propart’ tent’ per particionem; Aliter de eodem; de tenementis dimissis ad terminum vite versus certum tenentem; Aliter; Apud Ebor’ anno viiio; Nota breve et casum quod N dimisit S ad terminum annorum morte S executor suus ?dimittit ad eundem terminum predictus N concessit reversionem P et ipse M que sequitur; R di W et M uxori eius qui concessit statum suum I et heredibus suis unde T frater et heres fecit vastum; M di A et M uxori eius ad vitam amborum mort’ A eadem M et T secundus vir di P et ipse I pres’ M conc’ revers’; Quando heres concessit reversionem ten’ que dabantur patri et matri et heredibus patris; R cons’ I et A uxori eius ad vitam suam que remand’ et ad vitam suam et post rem’ rectos her’ ipsius I unde T consanguinens predicti I conc’ revers’; Quando p’o di ad c’ [text faint] et post conceditur revers’.108
Note: (1) The writing on this page seems somewhat faded or, perhaps, the focus of the camera was not so sharp as it ought to have been. (2) Marginalia: predecessor predicti prebendarii; q’ si le t rem’ pur vie soet mort; [three regulae in cursive script in the lower margin].
17275vde vastoxiiQuando po dimittitur ad vitam et fit cons’ revers’; In feodo talliato per finem; Contra tenent’ per elegit pro dampnis adiudicat’; Aliter in recognicione quousque etc’; Aliter versus executores; in assignacione post mor tenent’ ad vitam in reman’; Aliter quando ille in le remanere concessit revers’; A di L et post con rever’ J idem J con rever’ pref A et P uxori eius per ?finem et heredibus de corpore etc’; de vasto pro indiviso.96
Note: Marginalia: vasto super finem.
17376rDe particione faciendaxiiRegula; Nota; de particione facienda; Aliter; Nota; de attornato inde; Regula; Aliter in Londonia; Nota; Quod vastum et estreyppamentum non fiat pendente placito Glouc’ capitulo xiiiio.53
Note: Marginalia: de vasto pro tenent per legem Anglie quando insimul tenuerunt [a sample writ illustrating this is included in the same hand in the lower margin; above it is regula in an even later hand].
17476vde vasto et estreppamentoxiiRegula; Aliter post iudicium ante liberacionem quod debet fieri in banco nisi tempore vacacionis; Aliter de estreppamento; de homine replegiando.31
Note: Marginalia: anno 3 E 1 Capitulum xiii ra 15; de particione secundum formam statuti anno 31 henrici 8 ca 1 et anno 32 h 8 32.
17577rde homine replegiandoCap’m xiiiWestm’ primum capitulo xvo ?alleoges quant homine est repleg’; Aliter; Cum pluries inde; Attachiamentum inde; Aliter; De replegiando hominem quem clamat nativum; Aliter.74
17677vde homine replegiandoxiiiNota; Aliter quando claveri herede custodiam corporis; Nota; de homine capiendo in Withernamium; Nota; Aliter de quinque portubus.31
17778rRepleg’ de homine etc’xiiiAliter in foresta; Regula; per statutum Edwardi tercii post conquestum anno po capitulo ixo; Nota; per idem statutis eodem capitulo; Nota; Nota; Nota; de parco capto in manum Regis replegiando; Replegiare de averiis.53
17878vRepleg’ de averiisxiiiSicut alias cum pluries; Attachiamentum; Aliter pro executoribus; de attornato inde; Aliter pro executoribus; Regula; Regula; Non omittas propter libertatem etc’; Marl’ capitulo xxo Westm’ prim’ capitulo xxxviiio; Retornum vic’ aliter; Sicut alias inde; Regula; de averiis capiendis.108
Note: Marginalia: in Wythernamium; [Extensive addition to the Regula about replevin in the right margin carrying over into the lower margin].
17979rde Withernamio etc’xiiiAliter de catallis; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Non omittas propter libertatem in Withernamio; Regula; de execucione facienda in Withernamio.62
18079vDe WithernamioxiiiAliter de Withernamio; Replegiare non obstante advocacione averiorum ut catallorum; Breve coronatoribus ad deliberandum breve vicecomiti quando primum frangitur.32
Note: Marginalia: homine navera proprietat’ proband’ sinon sur retorn del vic’; Istud breve vocatur per nomen de proprietate proband’.
18180rPone de averiisxiiiNota; pone de averiis pro petente; Regula; pone pro defendente; Causa pro defendente W’ iim Capitulo iio; Regula; Causa pro defendente; Causa pro defendente; Causa pro defendente; Causa pro defendente; Causa pro defendente.88
18280vPone de averiisxiiiCausa pro defendente; Causa pro defendente; Causa pro defendente; Nota versus; Regula; Pone pro petente cum causa in Curia per returnum brevis; Causa pro defendente in Curia per returnum; Causa pro defendente; Causa pro petente; Regula; Causa pro petente; Causa pro defendente vel petente; Regula.99
18381rPone de averiis etc’xiiide attornato quando ballivus dicit quod non potest respondere sine domino; breve coronatoribus quando vicecomes non retornat le pone ?mescenest necessarie ?gare pur ?malue de viscomit grant ne voet retourner le bref il prendra la ville come il est orde?? per lestat’ de Westm’ seconde capitulo xxxixo.22
Note: The final writ heading is in French but does not appear to be a later addition.
18481vRecordari de averiisxiiiCausa; Aliter; Causa; Causa; de inquirendo de proproetate averiorum; de recapcione averiorum ante le pone.65
18582rDe recapcione averiorumxiiiNota; de eodem post le pone; Aliter de recapcione averiorum; de eodem post le Recordari; Aliter; Aliter post le Recordari in Curia; Regula.50
18682vde nativis habendixiiide nativis habendi; Regula; Regula; Quando manserit per minus temporis; Regula; Pone de nativis; Regula; de libertate probanda.44
Note: Marginalia: h’ ex’ W.
18783rde libertate probandaxiiiAliter pro femina; De essendo in auxilium ad distringendum villanos; Aliter ad capiendum villanum Regis; Nota; Breve de supersedendo quando le pone perquirit post le monstravit; de auxilio habendo ad primogenitum filium militum faciendum vel filiam maritandam W primum Capitulo xxxvo; Regula; de scutagio habendo de tempore quo fuit in excercitu Regi.64
18883vDe auxiliis habendis ad primogenitumxiiiCommissio ad scutagium levandum pro Rege; Quod liber homo etc’ amerciatur secundum quantitatem delicti.22
18984rxiiimagna carta capitulo xiiiio W i capitulo vio; Attachiamentum inde; Nota regula; de minis; Aliter; Attachiamentum inde; Aliter in quinque portubus.64
19084vDe minisxiiiAliter de nova forma; Aliter de nova forma.20
Note: Marginalia: pro uxore bene tractand’ per virum suum; pro securitat’ providend’ racione diversarum discordiar’ mot’ existen’.
19185rCap’m xiiiide trans’ in comitatu; De ovibus abductis infra terminum; De fossato fracto; De bonis et catallis nomine pignoris traditis det’; De tauro abducto.55
19285vxiiiipro executoribus in vita testatoris; De vaccis imparcatis quare proiecit fetus abortivos; De wallia fracta; De equis abductis; De cartis fractis; De ovibus imparcatis sine alimento; De trans’ coram Rege sive in banco de insultu etc’ imprisonamento etc’; De nupris; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter.128
Note: Marginalia: vide tous fo 94 97 102 98; vel ad dampnum ipsius S Cli’ et contra etc’; cest parol per fuit enterlesse et nient obstant le bre fuit tenus bon’; Trans’ quando aliquis cap’ in uno com’ et ducitur in alium et ibi imprisonatur [opposite case and regula in lower margin].
19386rxiiiiDe attornato coram Iusticiariis; Billa de attornato coram Rege; Coram Rege de custodie admisso; coram Iusticiariis inde; De clauso fracto et arboribus etc’ vivariis etc’ et servientibus verberatis; ’; De equo ferrone claudicato; De clavo in vivo pedis equi fixo; De serviente verberato; De serviente verberato; De bosco intrato et pullis esparvariorum asportatis.1111
Note: Marginalia: Chattell’ movable; Chattell’ nient movable; cest parole per fuit entrelesse et nient obstant le bre’ sont tenus bon.
19486vDe trans’xiiiiDe Warenna fugata; De clauso fracto et cuniculis captis; De parco fracto et chacea fugata; Regula; De bladis et herbis depastis; Aliter sine averiis; De solo fosso et carbonibus asportatis; De equo et catallis arestatis quousque finem fecerit; Aliter per quod terra inculta remansit; De domo fracta et maeremio asportato; Aliter; Pro executoribus post mortem testatoris; De scripto per quod corrodium fuit conc’ fracto.129
Note: Marginalia: q’ Warren’ suam fr’ et x suos lepores cepit et ne dit suos 3 H 6 55 bre’ bref 10; pretii; ad val’; ad val’; cest parol bona et catalla nest bon pur vieff [i.e., vif] chose; ad val’; vide fol’ 102 97 92 98 trans’ per exec’ de clos’ lour testat’ debris et biens emporte le bre fuit abat pur le clos m ij h 4 3 quatuor boves pcii xli catalla ad valenciam vel in vita ipsius C apud ?Nument.
19587rDe trans’xiiiiDe imprisonamento quousque sacramentum prestitisset de ?surs’ redd’ mesuag’ cum carta; de piscaria etc’ herbis etc’ et solo etc’ et herba depasta; De bladis messis et herbis falcatis et subbosco succiso; De bladis herbis et germinibus bosci cedui depastis; De blad’ et feno etc’; De blad’ tantum; De feno in tassa; De pomis et piris; De trans’ ante matrimonium de forcerio fracta; De navi abducta et bonis asportatis; De bladis et germinibus vinearum; De stagno fracto et vinear’ inundat’.1212
Note: Marginalia: ad val; ad dampnum tam vir quam uxoris iluc dirct’ en le bre’ dum sola fuit mes en le declarat h 21 h 6 30; partii; ad val.
19687vTrans’xiiiiDe equis abductis et pecunia asportata; De tot florenis auri; De manso obsesso et aliis transgressionibus; De conversa verberata; De prisone capto de guerra capto et abducto; De nativo in cippis posito abducto; De prohibicione ad terram proiect’ et conculcavit; Quare secutus est placitum contra prohibicionem Regis; De prohibicione contemptibilitatis proiecto et non parendo mandato Regis; De fossato impleto et bladis morreo submersis.1010
Note: Header in a different hand that continues until seq. 220.
19788rTrans’xiiiiDe turbis fossis et arboribus evulsis et as; De vino extracto de dolo et aqua impleto; De palis fixis per quod navis periit; De domo fracta arboribus succisis vivariis piscatis averiis imparcatis per quod terra inculta remansit; De cato in columbarium proiecto; Aliter de columbis captis; Aliter de clauso et columbari fracti; Aliter; De bladis in garbis et ferio in tassis depastis; De armidine falcata; De lapide molari fracto; De stagno molendini fracto.129
Note: Marginalia: piscis ad val’; Columbis et Columbar’; x quateria grani precii.
19888vDe trans’Casus inde; De domo combusta cum catallis; De ovibus tonsis et lana asporta; De imprisonamento; De ovibus imparcatis; De exclusis fractis; Aliter de eodem; De cippis fractis et nativo abducto; De equo percusso per quod eques cecidit et fregit costas in lacere; De curacione equi manucapti; De quo indebite custodito; De oculo eruto; De transgressione facta tempore predecessoris, [2 precendents are given in the lower margin].1312
Note: Marginalia: ad val.
19989rAliter de eodem; Aliter de eodem; Aliter tempore vacacionis; De warenna et bosco fugatis et pullis esparvariorum asportatis; De ovibus fugatis per canes; Aliter de porcis; De tibia morsu canis infecta per incitacionem; De fossato impleto et bladis ea occasione submersis; Aliter de fossatis; De porcis per canes ad mordendum porcos consuetos morsis.105
20089vDe trans’De tenemento ingresso post mortem testatoris infra terminum; De uxore rapta; De veneno in cibos positu; De navi cum bonis arest’ per quod amisit proficuum ferie; De averiis ad loca ignota fugatis; Aliter de Comitatu; De non distringendo extra feodum nec in regia via vel communi strata Marl’ capitulo secundo Westm’ primum Capitulo xvio; Aliter; Nota.86
Note: Marginalia: pro executor; q’ vi et ar’ closum ipsius A apud C fr’ et averia sua ibidem nuper invent’ ad loca ignota fugavit et as’.
20190rDe trans’xiiiiAliter de eodem; Aliter; Ne quis distringatur per averia carucarum vel per oves; Marl’ Capitulo secundo Westm’ primum capitulo xxxiiiito; De equo conducto in tantum fatigato quod interiit; De sigillo carte fracta; De trans’ de mercandisis etc’.75
20290vDe trans’Attachiamentum inde; De carecta et equis captis contra forma statuti Westm’ primum capitulo primo; Magna carta capitulo xxo; pro executoribus de bonis asportatis in vita testatoris; De massa ferri ignita super tal’ proiecta; De herede maritato; De concanonico incarcerato capto et abducto; De homine imprisonato per statutum Acton’ deliberato per vicecomitem non satisfacto; contra voluntatem ipsius A; Nota; quando vicecomes returnat quod non est inventus ubi moram facit.1010
Note: Marginalia: Nota vide fol 92 97 94 102.
20391rDe trans’xiiiiRegula; De imprisonato per vicecomitem deliberato non satisfacto Regi nec parti de trans’; De canonico abducto; De trans’ pro Rege; De fossatis et sepibus fractis; De haiis succisis et sepibus fractis; Aliter; De lino et canabo positis in fossatis per quod etc’; Aliter de eodem; De quarrera etc’ petris asportatis etc’; Quando quis depredatus est in hospicio transeundo per patriam etc’.108
20491vDe trans’De munera fossa et carbonibus asportatis; De postibus et palis fractis per quod munera cecidit; De excommunicato imprisonato abducto; De attachiamento fracto; De contribuendo reparacioni molendini; De clauso ostiis et fenistris domorum fractis; De instrumentis ad capiendum piscem sectis; De homine insecuto et obesso in domo; De consanguinea et herede rapto abducto et maritato.99
20592rDe trans’xiiiiDe imprisonamento et nota bene; De averiis captis per quod terra remansit inculta et averia fame interierunt; Sum’ ad reddendum quia retraxhit se a Curia quando inquisicio capi debet; De imprisonam quousque concessit reversionem.44
20692vDe trans’Aliter quousque recognicionem fecit et omnes acciones relaxaverit; De transgressione facta femine; Aliter commonacho; Regula; Regula; Versus abbatem et commonachum; Versus priorem et confratrem de bladis inundatis pro defectum ripar’ etc’ in holand’; Quando ballivi nimis dure custodiunt imprisonat’.64
20793rDe trans’ et rescussis NativixiiiiDe Wayfs et Strays; Quando prelatus distringitur per equitaturam; Quando distringitur in feodo ecclesie contra formam articuli; De rescussu nativi capti.44
20893vde trans’ quia manucepit custodire blada absque conculcacione; de catallis felonis captis et asportatis; de morbo petre assumpto ad sanandum etc’; Quare usi fuerunt mistera tinctoris infra libertatem ville de Rypon’ absque licencia; de pressura pro cisera fracta; de pecunia asportata; De furcis fractis; De libero tauro abducto; De imprisonamento quousque remisit duas pensiones et fecit obligacionem.99
20994rxiiiiNota; De Wrecco; De theolonio; Aliter de feria; Regula; De falsa prostrata; De feria habenda quare impedit; De pillorio fracto.65
21094vDe visu Franciplegii impedito; De gurgite fracto; De attachiamento fracto quando capitur per breve; Quando ballivus impeditur ad averia replegianda.44
21195rDe trans’ pro illo qui facere debet execucionem infra honorem; de catallis captis et abductis pro amerciamento; De homine in prisona detento quousque manucaptores invenerit quod non abiret; De castro etc’ fracto et ministris impeditis ad negocia facienda; De sewera fracta; De ovibus in debitis custoditis.66
Note: Marginalia: et Cur’ tenend’ impedit.
21295vDe feno prostrato et depasto; De parco fracto et averiis abductis; Aliter pro consuetudinibus etc’; Aliter pro servientibus; Aliter per confratrem; Aliter pro defalta; Aliter pro amerciamento nota aliter in precedenti folio; Aliter pro quodam debito levando; Apud E anno viiio; Aliter; De ponte fracto et maeremio inde proiecto ac ripa fossa etc’.114
21396rAttachiamentum pro transgressione facta clerico Cancellarii; Regula; De vino extracto; De trans’ et nota casum.33
Note: Marginalia: de guttura [sic, perhaps an awkward attempt to Latinize English ‘gutter’] fracta [sample writ given next to this in cursive script, followed by two regulae and a note on a case (8 E 4 6, tit. faux latine) in the same script but different hand].
21496vDe rescussuDe rescussu averiorum; Aliter per servientem; Aliter pro consuetudinibus; Aliter de catallis; Aliter de averiis et catallis; Aliter pro Colectore decimarum; Aliter per ballivo de hominibus; Aliter pro ballivo Regis de homine capto per brevem.81
Note: Marginalia: capt nomine districcionis; de annuo redditu.
21597rRescuss’xiiiiDe rescussu hominis capti per ballivum virtute returni; De attachiamento pro hutesio fracto; pro illo qui habet returnum onum brevium; Aliter ballivo pro annuo redditu; Aliter de catallis felonum.53
21697vTrans’Aliter de homine capto per statutum mercatoribus; Aliter de experiis; militum virtute returnu etc’; Nota de rescussu per executores; De trans’ pro abbate Westm’ de feria.42
21798ret rescussu de record’ trans’xiiiiRecordari de trans’ Caus’; Causa; Causa apud North’ anno xio; Causa apud E anno xio; Regula; Nota.44
Note: Marginalia: conceditur pro fine ?vj s viij d.
21898vde recordo et processu de trans’ mittendis in cancellaria; Aliter coram Iusticiariis ad gaolam; Aliter de tenore cum villa; De trans’ in quinque portubus; De trans’ contra protecciones.53
21999rtrans’ contra proteccionesxiiiiDe inquirendo inde; Aliter; Attincta de trans’; Apud E anno viiio; Regula et Nota; Aliter; Anno viiio apud E; Aliter.63
Note: Marginalia: Attaynt sur ples del trespas aux bene ut sur bref de trans; Attaynt sur bil de trans; q’ attaynt ne serra en appell’.
22099vAttincta de trans’Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Manucaptores pro imprisonato ad prosequendum attinctam; De decepcione de brevi impetrato; Aliter impetrando quare impedit etc’.62
221100rde trans’ in decepcionexiiiiDe decepcione per quirendum litteras proteccionis; Aliter faciendo recognicionem sub nomine alternis; Aliter de decepcione faciendo falsam inquisicionem.31
Note: Headers revert to previous hand.
222100vDe trans’ in decepcione et audita querela indexiiiiAudita querela de decepcione; de attachiando notario pro sigillo controfacto.22
223101rAudita querela de trans’ in decepcionexiiiiAudita querela de decepcione; Aliter audita querela.21
224101vDe audiendo et terminando de trans’xiiiide audiendo et terminando; Anno 28 E 3 ca 9.22
225102rde audiendo et terminando dedimus potestatem et associacioxiiiiAliter; Inde vicecomiti; de attornato inde; Dedimus potestatem inde; Associacio inde.54
226102vSi non omnes et de recordo et processu mittendis de trans’xiiiiPatens associacio; Si non omnes; Associacio ad continuandum processum etc’; Regula; de recordo et processu mittendis quia attincta arram’ coram Rege.44
227103rde audiendo etc’ de diversis transgressionibusxiiiiDe audiendo et terminando de diversis transgressionibus; Aliter in confinio.21
228103vde audiendo et terminando de trans’xiiiiNota; Aliter; Aliter et Nota; De navi fracta etc’ si bona debeant dici wrecci.20
229104rDe inquirendo de Waretto; et extorsionibusxiiiiAliter contra ministros Regis de extorsionibus oppressionibus gravaminibus etc’.10
230104vNe bona arestata dissipentur etc’ de audiendo etc’xiiiiRegula; Breve ad amovendum eosdem; de bonis arestatis ne dissipentur; de audiendo et terminando.33
231105rde continuando processum de trans’xiiiiAliter tempore vacacionis; Aliter de eodem iuxta statutum de Marl’ capitulo xxviiio; Aliter dum in proteccione obsequio Regis; de continuando processus inchoatos post mortem capitalis Iusticiarii.41
232105vDe walliis et fossatis de transgressionibusxiiiiAliter et nota ?dram’; de Walliis et Fossatis.21
233106rde walliis et fossatis de trangressionibusxiiiiRegula; Aliter; Aliter in aqua de Ankholm’.20
234106vlittera comiti Flandr’ pro mercatoribus Anglie de trans’xiiiilittera missa pro mercatore Anglie comiti Flandr’ etc’; Aliter; Aliter.31
235107rde trans’xiiiide bonis alienigenis arestandis pro transgressionibus factis mercatoribus Anglie; de pullis austurcorum ludificantium captis et asportatis; de errore corrigendo coram Rege.33
236107vDe errore corrigendo etc’Cap’m xvde errore corrigendo in Londonia; Supersedeas de dampno; Aliter de dampno et corpore deliberando; patens iusticiariorum de errore corrigendo in Londonia.43
Note: Marginalia: errour in banco R; pro adnullacione utlagarie predict’ fieri facias quod etc’.
237108rde errore corrigendo etc’xvBreve inde maiori et vicecomitibus Londonie; de procedendo in loquela ad iudicium reddendum; Aliter Iusticiariis ad errorem corrigendum de recordo et processu mittendis; patens inde; Nota.43
238108vde errore etc’xvde supersedendo execucioni prioris iudicii pendente loquela de errore in hustengo; de ordinando quod bona illius qui sequitur breve de errore non amoveantur ita quod execucio prioris iudicii possit fieri si affirmetur.22
239109rde errore corrigendo etc’xvBreve maiori et vicecomiti ad examinandum recordum etc’ quando querens non prosequitur breve suum de errore ad faciendum execucionem si contigerit affirmaride errore in hibernia.11
Note: Marginalia: coram vob’ etc’ no na br fo 23; supersedeas sur suertie trove.
240109vde conspiracionexviNota; Aliter in assisa frisce forcie; Aliter in Curia per cartam sine brevi; de errore in Banco Regis facto in parliamento corrigendo; de conspiracione; Aliter; Aliter.62
Note: Marginalia: font tenus q’ le brf fuit ben nient obstaunt q’ il ne declare devaunt ?quel justice il fuit error et argumente; breve de conspiracione per unam dumtaxat personam prosequi oporteat versus duas; de conspiracione [regula English in bottm margin].
241110rde odio et atiaxviAliter; Aliter; Aliter; Nota; Nota; Nota.30
242110vde compoto in ComitatuCap’m xviAliter; de odio atia; Regula; de ponendo per ballivum; Aliter.42
243111rde compoto in ComitatuCap’m xviiManucapcio de transgressionibus pro indicamento coram Custod’ pacis; Regula de compoto in comitatu; in Londonia; In quinque portubus; pro executoribus W iim Capitulo xxiio; de compoto inter mercatores; Regula; pro executoribus defuncti mercatoris de compoto ad Bancum.66
Note: Marginalia: vero’ q’ accompt’ egit.
244111vde compotoxviiAliter; pro magistro universitatis; Aliter de tempore predecessoris; pro priorissa; de tempore predecessoris et proprio; Regula; pro Abbate; pro comitate; de attornato inde; dedimus potestatem quia infirmus; de attornato; Nota; de compoto in socagio; Marl’ capitulo xvio; de attornato inde.1311
Note: Marginalia: de computo [an English regula next to this in the lower margin]; ex parte talis [an English regula next to this in the lower margin].
245112rde dimittendo per manucapcionem arestatum de compotopone etc’; Nota; Causa; Nota; Regula; monstravit pro priore ad capiendum latitos in aliis Comitatis qui comp’ debent; Regula; in Londonia Nota; Breve ad deliberandum capt’ per le monstravit.44
246112vde dimittendo per manucapcionem arestatum de compotoxviide recipiendo arestatum pro arreragiis compoti; Marl’ xxiio et W s’m xio; Nota; de dimittendo arestatum huiusmodi per manucapcionem ad recitandum compotum coram Baronibus de scaccario; Aliter in Londonia.43
247113rComissio ad audiendum compotum collector’ etc’xviiAliter thesaurario et baronibus; Quando ballivus evasit de carcere; Commissio ad audiendum compotum collectorum denariorum pro clausura ville.32
248113vde debito in ComitatuCap’m xviiiClausum inde; Aliter de denariis colligendis pro villa pavianda et claudendi; de capiendo utlagatum.32
249114rde debito in ComitatuxviiiNota regulam de debito; de debito in comitatu; Aliter; Aliter; pro executoribus; versus executores; Aliter; Regula; de debito in banco.74
250114vpone pro petente et pro defendenteAliter; Aliter; Aliter; pro executoribus cum Regula; pro executoribus versus executores; Aliter; Istud breve concessum fuit apud E anno viiio; Aliter; Regula; Aliter versus executores et alios; Nota; Aliter versus executores; de attornato inde; Regula.103
251115rRecordari de debitoCap’m xviiiversus Episcopum de bonis intest’ W iim capitulo xixo; Aliter versus administratores; Regula; Aliter de int’; Aliter pro administratoribus; Aliter; Aliter; pone pro petente et pro defendente; Causa; Causa; Causa.105
252115vquod mulieres non distringantur pro debitis virorumxviiiRecordari in Curia secundum consuetudinem Civitatis; Anno viiio; Causa; Nota; Causa pro defendente et breve portabatur versus defendnte anno xix; Attachiamentum quando ballivus tenuit placitum post le pone.55
253116rQuod mulieris non distringantur pro debitis virorumxviiiQuod uxores habeant partes suas racionabiles; Nota; Aliter pro pueris; Quod mulieres non distringantur pro debito virorum; Aliter de eodem.42
254116vde exonerando ad scaccarium debitoxviiiAliter de tenementis coniunctim adquisitis; Aliter de tenementis que tenet in dotem; Aliter post matrimonium contractum.30
255117rde exonerando etc’xviiide exonerando ad scaccarium ipsum qui non est her’ etc’ nec tenet etc’.11
256117vde idemptitate nominis in placito debitixviiiAliter; Aliter; de idemptitate nominis.31
257118rde debito etc’xviiiRegula; prohibicio de debito xl’s sine brevi; Aliter Ballivis; Attachiamentum inde; Regula; Supersededeas excucioni inde.43
258118vde debito etc’xviiiAliter; Aliter; Supersedeas de diversis querelis.31
259119rde debito etc’xviiiAttachiamentum inde; Aliter supersedeas; Aliter supersedeas de convencione quando nomine deb’.31
260119vde debito etc’Aliter; de recognicione debiti pro statutum mercatorum; Aliter; Aliter ad duos terminos; Aliter pro primo termino non soluto vel duobus; de attornato inde coram Iusticiariis; Aliter coram Rege; de recognicione contra personam.83
261120rde debito etc’xviiiAliter contra Abbatem; Nota; Regula; Quod clericus captus deliberetur; Aliter quod non capiatur; de deliberando vicarium captum sine brevi.42
262120vde debito etc’xviiide certificando canc’ de recognicione debiti; sicut alias cum pluries inde; Aliter de certificando; Aliter non obstante quod prius.42
263121rde debito etc’xviiiAliter de eodem; Certiorari de brevi de statuto mercatorum; de cognicione debiti per statutum stapule.32
264121vxviiiAudita querela; Aliter pro illo qui est infra etatem et fecit recognicionem.21
Note: Marginalia: aliter per duresse denprisonment.
265122rxviiide recognicione in stapula; Westm’ sa’o xviiio; de tenementis et catallis extentis et appreciatur liberand’.33
266122vCap’m xixSi recognoscat; Aliter; Regula; de execucione inde facienda; Aliter per breve.42
267123rDe secta ad molendinumxixde secta ad molendinum in Comitatu; ad Bancum; Regula; quod permittat villanum facere sectam ad molendinum; ad bancum; Regula; de curia claudenda; Ad Bancum pone inde.66
268123vde communa pasturexixQuod permittat molere sine multura; de molendino reparando; de aqua haurienda; de grege adaquando; de tauro habendo; regula; de racionabili estoverio; de attornato inde; de chimino habendo; de falda habenda; de passagio habendo; de piscaria habenda; Nota; Regula; de communa pasture.1313
Note: Marginalia: proc’ inde sum’ atach’ et distres’ peremptorie.
269124rquo iure; de pastura admensuranda etc’xixAliter; Aliter; Aliter pro persona; Aliter pro abbate persona; Westm’ iim Capitulo xxiiiio; Aliter pro abbate Westm’ iim Capitulo xxiiii; Aliter; Aliter; Regula; Regula; de communa pasture; Nota; Nota ?regula.92
270124vde racionabilibus divisis; de perambulacione facienda etc’xixAliter; de scalis erigendis; de corrodio etc’; quo iure; Regula; de pastura admensuranda; de attornato inde; de secunda superoneracione de Westm’ iim Capitulo viiio.76
Note: Marginalia: vel sic communiam pasture suam proc’ inde alias plures et attach’.
271125rde walliis fossatis et ponte etc’ reparandisxixSicut alias; Pone pro defendente; de attornato inde; Regula; de racionabilibus divisis; Regula; de perambulacione facienda; pone de racionabilibus divisis.66
272125vde calceto pavimento etc’ reparando; de Warantia cartexixde domo reparando; Aliter de ponte etc’; de Walleis et fossatis reparandis; de ponte reparando; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter.83
273126rde plegiis acquietandis; de annuo reddituCap’m xxde via reparari; de calceto reparando; de pavimento reparando; de Warantia carte; de attornato inde; de plegio acquietando in comitatu; Ad Bancum; pro executoribus.88
274126vde consuetudinibus et serviciis de cartis reddendisxxAliter versus executores; de attornato inde; Aliter de compoto; Aliter pro executoribus versus executores; de acquietandis plegiis quia principalis debitor sufficit; magna carta capitulo viiio; quod nullus distringatur qui non est debitor nec plegius; Attachiamentum inde; Regula; de annuo redditu in comitatu.96
Note: Marginalia: process’ inde en bref de annuite sum’ atach’ et distres’ et pur defaut de distres process’ de utlarie per statutum 23 h 8 ca 14.
275127rde medio etc’xxAd Bancum; de attornato inde; de consuetudinibus et serviciis; attornato inde; Regula; Aliter in Londonia et aliis burgis; Nota; de cartis reddendis in Com; Regula; Ad Bancum; Aliter; Aliter.96
Note: Marginalia: process’ inde sum’ graunde cape petit cape; vide na br ?suam ?cartam [blurred]; [there are at least two notes in the lower margin in cursive script, one is blurred, the other gives a regula about detinue of charters].
276127vdeCap’m xxiRegula; pone etc’; de attornato; prohibicio ne placitum teneatur de det’ cart’ etc’ sine brevi; Regula; Westm’ iim Capitulo viiio; de medio in comitatu; Ad Bancum; de attornato inde; pone; Regula; Nota; quando medius est paratus ad acquietandum.99
Note: Marginalia: [extract from a writ of mesne]; process’ inde sum’ attach’ et distres peremptorie.
277128rde convencionexxide convencione; Regula; de apprenticio; Aliter pro executoribus; Aliter de eodem; Aliter de convencione; Aliter de victu etc’; de pastura ad boves; Aliter; de como vel campanili; Aliter pro her’ versus her’; de decimis etc’; de minera; Nota versus executores.126
Note: Marginalia: conceditur pro fine iuxta ratam annnui valorio; [in lower margin note in French about covenant with a citation of Brooke’s abidgement].
278128vde convencione de fine levando etc’xxiAliter in adeo bono statu; de oneribus ecclesie; de homagio; de capellano inveniendo; in comitatu; pone etc’ Regula; Recordari; Aliter in hundredo; Regula; de fine levando de tenemento tento de Rege in capite iuxta licenciam Regis.86
Note: In the lower margin a case about covenant from YB 12 Hen. IV is described with a citation to Brooke’s abridgement.
279129rdedimus potestatemxxidedimus potestatem; Regula; Aliter capitali Iusticiario; de Banco domini Regis; Aliter in pluribus brevibus et diversis comitatibus si casus fuerit; Aliter; Aliter in le quid iuris clamat.62
280129vdedimus potestatem in brevi de convencionexxiAliter de eodem; Aliter in per que servicia; dedimus potestatem recipiendi attornatum in le quid iuris clamat quando tenentes dicunt quod non tenent de recognitore; Breve post dedimus potestatem quod Iusticiarius mittat cogniciones quas cepit Iusticiariis de Banco.42
281130rde transcripto pedis finis de con mitt’ etc’xxiBreve Iusticiariis de Banco quod admittant cogniciones; Nota; de transcripto pedis finis habendo; Aliter.32
282130vMittimus de custodia terre etc’Cap’m xxiiAliter de tenore note finis; Aliter; mittimus; Aliter; aliter mittimus; de custodia terre et heredis habenda marl’ capitulo vi et xv W jm capitulo xxiio W iim capitulo xxxvo In Comitatu; de herede tantum; de terra tantum; de custodia racione dimissionis etc’ de custodia racione custodie; de filiabus her’; Regula.107
283131rde custodia etc’xxiide custodia in socagio; Regula; pone; Nota de attornato; Nota de tercia custodia; Aliter de terra tantum; Regula; Aliter de custodia racione custodie in socagio; Aliter per servicium militare et nota pro domino qui habet custodiam unius her’ et pro altera que est plene etatis; Regula; de eieccione custodie terre et heredis Merton’ capitulo vio.63
284131vDe custodiaxxiiRegula; de attornato inde; Aliter racione dimissionis; racione secundem dimissionis; Aliter de eodem; Aliter racione tercie dimissionis; Aliter pro eo qui tenet per commissionem Regis; de eieccione prioratus Anno octavo; Nota; Aliter racione dimissionis executor’; de eieccione custodie in socagio.94
286132vde intrusione de herede raptoxxiiDe intrusione in hereditate; Aliter; De execucione inde; De herede rapto W secundum capitulo xxxviio; Nota Regulam; Aliter quando deducitur de uno Com in alium W iim Capitulo xxxviio; Nota Regulam; de attornato; de herede rapto in socagio non maritato.53
Note: Marginalia: ao 3 E i tit 13; [a description in French of a case about ravishment of ward is inserted in a blank space between entries cited to 12 Eliz. Dyer, probably Fitzherbert’s Case, 3 Dyer 289a, 73 Eng. Rep. 649].
287133rde forisfactura maritagii racione etc’xxiiAliter quando maritatur sine licencia; Nota; de forisfactura maritagii racione tercii dimissionis Merton capitulo vio de herede rapto cum sit xiiii annorum; Aliter sine dimissione; Aliter quant il tient en service; Dedimus potestatem de custode admittendo; Breve inde Iusticiariis; De valore maritagii Merton capitulo vio si quis autem.74
Note: Marginalia: ao 20 H 3.
288133vde escaeta racione bastardiexxiiRegula; Aliter pro executoribus; Regula; Aliter de valore etc’; Regula; Breve de escaeta racione bastardie Magna Carta Capitulo xixo; Aliter sine herede; Aliter racione felonie.51
289134rde dote unde nichil habetxxiiiAliter; Regula; Aliter pro Abbate; pro Rege in Londonia; de inquirendo escaeta; Aliter de anno die et vasto; de seisina inde habendo; De dote unde nichil habet.74
Note: Marginalia: que terras et tenementa R[esponsum] de felonia utlagatus tenuit die promulgacionis utlagrie predicte; 20 h 3 ca 1 / non indors’ / process’ inde sum’ grand’ cape petit cape; nota [next to this in the lower margin are 3 notes the first and third of which have YBB references cited to le graund’ abridg’].
290134vDe dotexxiiiDe attornato inde; Pro viro et uxore; Versus custodem Anno xvio Regis Edwardi tercii; Regula de dote assignata; Aliter de denariis; Regula; de assensu patris; in Londonia; Nota in quinque portubus; Attincta de dote; Aliter de attincta.86
291135rde dotexxiiiDe admensuracione dotis pro herede W iid capitulo viio; Aliter de admensuracione dotis; Aliter pro custode W iio capitulo viio; Pone inde; de dote amissa per defaltam W iid capitulo iiiio; de maritagio de feodo talleato et ad terminum vite; Regula; Aliter per legem Anglie.74
Note: Marginalia: process’ inde sum’ attach’ et distres peremptorie; quod ei deforc’; process’ inde sum’ grand’ cape petit cape;.
292135vQuod nullus distr’ libere tenentesCap’m xxiiiiquod nullus distringat libere tenentes suos ad respondendum etc’ Marl’ Capitulo xxio; Attachiamentum inde; Aliter; Regula; Breve Inde vicecomiti ad communem Regem; de attornato inde; Aliter; De attornato pro secta facienda per litteras patentes Merton’ Capitulo ixo; Aliter sine litteris patentis; aliter vicecomiti.96
Note: Marginalia: ao 9 h 3 ca 29 / ao 52 h 3 ca 22; anno 20 h 3 ca 10.
293136rDe attornato pro secta facienda pro litteras patentesxxiiiiAliter; Regula; Aliter; Nota ad diversa hundreda tantum et sic de aliis; Regula; Aliter pro Custode; Aliter ballivus honoris; Regula; Aliter in Curia duorum; littera ad faciendum attornatum; quod tenentes in custodia ex concessione Regis non distringantur ad sectam faciendam etc’; quod nulieres tenentes in dotem de huius custodia teneant quiete.83
294136vde attornato pro secta faciendaxxiiiiquod breve de attornato non capiat terminum durantibus personis; Aliter; Attachiamentum quando ballivus recusat recipere attornatum; quod tenentes de herede infra etatem et in custodia Regis non distringantur ad faciendum sectam ad Wapentachium.43
295137rDe attornato pro secta faciendaxxiiiiAliter; Aliter pro homagio et fidelitate etc’ apud Londoniam Anno xo; quod tenentes in dote non distringantur pro relevio; quod Rex non facit servicia seu debita solvat pro terris que sunt in custodia sua nec ille quibus huius custodiam dimisit; quod mulieres non distringantur ad faciendum sectam pro terris etc’ et tenementis que tenent in dotem.53
296137vDe non distringendo pro secta faciendaxxiiiiQuod tenens ex concessione Regis non faciat sectam; quod unica secta fiat etc’; De turno vicecomitis Marl’ Capitulo ixo; Attachiamentum inde.44
297138rDe non faciendo sectam etc’xxiiiiDe visu franciplegii ad Curiam honoris Marl’ Capitulo ixo; Magna Carta Capitulo xxiii; de visu franciplegii ad Curiam; Attachiamentum inde; De viris religiosis quod non veniant ad turnum vicecomitis Marl’ Capitulo ixo; Aliter ballivis honoris; Breve ad communem legem quod persone non veniant ad visum franciplegii racione terrarum et tenementorum ecclesiis suis annexorum; pro personis Marl’ capitulo ixo in consimili casu; pro mulieribus Marl’ Capitulo nono; Regula.98
298138vQuod mulieres habeant suam quarantenamxxiiiiAttachiamentum inde; quod mulier habeat querentenam suam et racionabile estoverium suum Magna Carta Capitulo vito; Quod nullus distringat contra formam feoffamenti Marl’ capitulo viiio; Regula; Attachiamentum inde; de attornato inde; Regula.55
Note: anno 9 h 3 ca 7.
299139rNe fiant plures secte pro una hereditate inter coheredesxxiiiiRegula; Ne fiant plures secte pro unica hereditate inter coheredes Marl’ capitulo viiio; Quod plures secte non fiant pro unica hereditate Marl’ Capitulo viiio; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Attachiamentum inde Marl’ capitulo viiio.63
300139vde contribucione facienda inter coheredesxxiiiiRegula; de contribucione facienda inter coheredes Marl’ Capitulo viiio; Aliter de eodem Marl’ Capitulo viiio; Quod ille qui habet eyneciam faciat sectam pro se et participibus suis Marl’ Capitulo viiio; Ne unicus heres faciat diversas sectas pro pluribus hereditatibus non Warantizatur per statutum.43
301140rDe Coronatore eligendoxxiiiiIdeo vacat quere inde; Attachiamentum inde; De coronatore eligendo W im Capitulo xiio; Aliter de eodem quia alibi ocupatus est; Aliter de eodem quia languidus; Aliter quia minus idoneus; Aliter de eodem; de uno coronatore amovendo quia insufficiens est in habitu et alio eligendo Westm’ primum Capitulo xiio.84
302140vDe ballivo ammovendoxxiiiiDe Coronatore eligendo; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; De viridario eligendo; Quando viridarius ammovetur per falsam suggestionem de supersedendo execucioni brevis et de permittendo excercere officium; De ballivis ammovendo quando non habet terras seu tenementa in eodem comitatu; Regula; De eligendo ad custodem pecie sigilli pro mercatoribus editi etc’.84
Note: De ballivo amovendo quia prius fuit ballivus infra tres annos ao 1 h 5 [followed in lower margin by a sample writ applying the statute, where the writ is issued by Regina!].
303141rNe capiantur fine pro pulcre plaicitandoxxiiiiquod vicecomes ponat in inquisicionibus magis propinquos et magis sufficientes; Nota; Attachiamentum; Ne capiantur fines pro pulcre placitando; Regula; Attachiamentum inde coronatoribus super vicecomitem.44
304141vde non ponendo in assisis etc’xxiiiiAttachiamentum inde super ballivum; de attornato inde; Quod Barones non ponantur in assisis; quod homines perpetuo languidi non ponantur assisis W iid Capitulo xxxviiio; quod clerici non ponantur in assisis; quod homines in patria non commorantes non ponantur in assisis W iid capitulo xxxviiio; xlj; quod homines etatem lxx annorum excedentes non ponantur in assisis W iid capitulo xxxviiio; Attachiamentum inde.99
Note: In the lower margin in a more cursive hand of uncertain date a substitute is offered for the penultimate writ tested 20 November in year 2 of some king.
305142rde non ponendo in assisis etc’xxiiiiquod homines xl solidatas terre non habentes non ponantur in assisis W iim capitulo xxxviii; De eodem; Attachiamentum inde; Quod homines de antiquo dominico non ponantur in assisis; Aliter; Aliter.63
306142vDe non ponendo in assisis etc’xxiiiiQuod tenentes de antiquo dominico Corone Anglie non veniant ad visum franciplegii nec ad turnum vicecomitis; quod Coronatores non ponantur in assisis etc’; quod viridarius non ponatur in assisis ad communem legem; Istud breve datur per statutum quod vocatur addicio de Foresta; Breve de Champertia; Articuli super cartam Capitulo xio.66
Note: Note in French in lower margin, perhaps with reference to the writ of champerty that precedes it, cites YBB cases from P. 20 Hen. VI and M 22 Hen. VI 77.
307143rSupersedeas pendente placito de adnullando etc’xxiiiiDe adnullando recogniciones per vim et duriciam factas; Supersedeas pendente placito de adnullando recognicionem per vim et duriciam factas; quod districcio non fiat in via regia nec in feodis de quibus olim ecclesie sunt dotate.33
308143vDe statuto etc’xxiiiiRegula; quod districciones relaxentur usque ad diem vic’ per securitatem; quod iuratores non capiant de una parte et de alia; quod nullus minister in Civitate nec in Burgo mercandiset de vinis nec de victualibus.33
309144rDe statuto etc’xxiiiiAttachiamentum inde; quod inquisiciones ad cuiuscumque querelam fiant cum Iusticiarii ad partem venerint; quod panis et aqua inveniatur imprisonato secundum statutum Mercatoribus; quod nichil levetur pro escapio latronum quousque evasio adiudicatur W jm Capitulo iiio; Ne quis occasionetur pro adquisicione tenmentorum que tenentur de honore.55
310144vDe statuto etc’xxiiiiquod ecclesiastica persona non amercietur secundum beneficium ecclesiasticum; Magna Carta Capitulo xiiiio; Ne quis occasionetur pro aliqua re facta in prosecucione Hug’ le despenser; H. le Despenser; quod senescallus et marescalli non teneant pliacita de libero tenemento de debito de convencione.55
311145rDe statuto etc’xxiiiiArticuli super carta Capitulo iiio; Aliter; quod Constabularius Castri Dovorr’ non teneat aliquod placitum forinsecum quod non tangit custodiam castri.32
Note: A note in the lower margin in cursive script deals without citation with writs of forcible entry and of trespass.
312145vDe statuto etc’xxiiiiquod nimis gravis districcio non capiatur pro debitis Regis; quod non mandetur per magnum vel per parvum sigillum Regis ad communem legem impediendum; Aliter quod inquisicio et iurate capiantur coram uno Iusticiario placeo in patria ubi placitum motum fuerit; quod inquisicio et iurate capiantur coram uno Iusticiario ?placee in patria etc’.43
313146rDe statuto etc’xxiiiiquod inquisicio capiatur in Banco eo quod placitum specialiter tangit R; Ne quis distringatur ad veniendum ad Wapentachium nisi bis in Anno ad presentandum que ad visum pertinent.22
314146vDe statuto etc’xxiiiiDe moderata misericordia capienda capitulo xiiio; Westm’ primum Capitulo vio; Regula; Attachiamentum inde; Nota; Quod misericordia ponantur per sacrum proborum hominum iuxta formam statuti; Magna Carta Capitulo xiiiio.55
315147rDe statutoxxiiiiQuando vidua R se maritat sine licensia Regis breve de seisiendo tam terras viri quam vidue sic maritate; Nota; Quod clerici infra sacros constituti non eligantur in officio; De non distringendo prebendarium ad contribuendum xo et xv de bonis suis inter spiritualia taxatur.33
316147vDe statuto etc’xxiiiiQuando iuratores capiunt pro veredico dicendo decies tantum; In statuto de Anno xxxviiio R E tercii et anno xxxiiiio similiter; Aliter si fuerint imbraciatores; Breve de manutencia etc’.43
Note: Marginalia: Decies tantum per JD ad grave dampnum et nostri cotemptum et ne dit ad grave dampnum le pl et uncore le brf agard bon car est populer T 21 h 6 54; Trin x h 7 fo xxvij maintenaunce [not the same hand as previous note].
317148rDe statutoxxiiiiAliter; Subvicecomes et clerici vicecomitum ultra unum annum in officiis suis non morentur; Superseseas pro illis qui veniunt at parliamentum; Aliter inde.42
318148vDe statutoxxiiiiscire facias de ostendendo titulum Rege; breve de ordinacione contra servientem etc’.22
319149rDe ordinacione etc’xxvNota quod ista brevia formantur super quadam ordinacionem factam de servientibus anno xxiiio Regis E tercii; Aliter versus magistrum et servientem; Aliter versus magistrum tantum; De attachiando non habentes unde vivant quia recusant servire; De serviendo in estate ubi moratur in hyeme etc’.42
Note: Marginalia: [statutory citation in first entry corrected from ‘xx Regis E tercii’ to ‘xxiij Regis E tercii ca 2’].
320149vde ordinacionexxvde attachiamentum magistrum et servientem qui recusat a servicio pro ?maiorc’ salario sibi promisso.11
321150rde assisa nove disseisineCap’m xxviAssisa nove disseisine ad primam assisam; Westm’ secundum Capitulo xxiiiio; Regula; Coram Rege; Nota.33
322150vDe assisa nove disseisinexxviRegula; quando securitatem invenit in cancellaria; Aliter versus maiorem et comitatem; Aliter; Aliter pro executoribus; coram iusticiariis assignatis; Patens inde; de communa pasture; Regula.74
323151rDe assisa nove disseisinexxviPatens inde; Regula; Assisa in confinio; In patenti nove disseisine divers’; Aliter; Aliter; Patens inde in confinio; Aliter in confinio de stagno exaltato; Regula; Patens inde; Aliter in confinio de quadam via artata; Aliter.105
Note: Marginalia: Westm 2 ca 26 / ao 20 h 3 ca 5; et dirigitur vic’ ubi arctata est [may be part of original entry].
324151vde assisa nove disseisinexxviPatens inde; de custode admittendo in assisa; Regula; de custode ammovendo; de attornato in assisa; Aliter quando assisa arramiatur coram aliquibus Iusticiariis et postea restat capienda coram aliis pretextu nove commissionis; de attornato in assisa arr’ coram iusticiariis assignatis capienda postmodum coram Rege eo quod Rex est in eodem comitatu; dedimus potestatem in assisa arramiata coram Iusticiariis que capienda est coram aliis Iusticiariis pretextu nove commissionis.75
325152rde assisa nove disseisinexxvide attornato in eodem; que quidem etc’ hic disconvenit cum precedenti; Regula; Assisa de Fossato stagno etc’ nota; Patens inde; Nota versus; Nota; Parvum breve de disseisina; Regula; de attornato de domo.65
Note: Marginalia: [in upper margin:] P 14 h 8 36 Ou un chemin es estrete le partie avera acc’ sur son cas e lou est tout estopie avera assis’ T 33 h 6 26; ao 13 E 1 ca 24.
326152vde Assisa nove desseisinexxviRegula; Pone de domo; Regula; Assisa non datur; Regula Wm’ secundum Capitula xxiiiio; quod permittat de domo et aliis etc’; Wm’ secundum Capitulo xxiiiio; de stagno; de cursu aque diverso; de via; Aliter de via inter extrane; Regula; de attornato inde; Nota regulam de parvis assisis et causam ad removendum loquelam; Nota.98
Note: Per statutum 6 R 2 assisa capienda coram Justiciariis; deartare.
327153rCertificacio assise nove disseisinexxvide mercato ad Bancum; Aliter de eodem; Nota; Nota; Certificacio assisa nove disseisine; Aliter coram Iusticiariis ad primam assisam; Aliter coram Iusticiariis; Aliter coram Rege.62
328153vTangencia assisam nove disseisinexxvide attornato inde; Istud breve datur loco certificacionis per W ii capitulo xxv quando assisa capitur in absencia defendentis; W iim capitulo xxiiii; Aliter.43
329154rTangencia assisam nove disseisinexxviAssociacio in assisa nove disseisine; Patens inde.22
330154vTangencia assisam nove disseisinexxviItem associacio ad omnes assisas etc’ et formatur super le si non omnes; Patens inde; Si non omnes inde factum super associacionem predictam.33
331155rTangencia assisam nove disseisinexxviItem associacio ad duas assisas; associacio in ?certis et formatur super le si non omnes; Patens inde; Si non omnes inde.44
332155vde assisa prorogandaxxviSi non omnes in assisa nove disseisine; Aliter; Aliter; de assisa proroganda; Breve de ingressu in le quibus loco assisa nove disseisine; Quando Iusticiarius vacare non potest de constituendo alium loco ipsius.64
333156rde assisa nove disseisine etc’xxviPatens inde; Item post mortem unius Iusticiarii de constituendo alium Iusticiarium una cum prioribus Iusticiariis ad omnes etc’ capiend’; Regula; de constitutendo post mortem unius Iusticiarii alium Iusticiarium et ad procedendum in iure xxiiii [interlined] militum etc’; Regula.33
334156vAttincta assise nove disseisinexxviAttincta assise nove disseisine; Patens inde; Aliter de stagno.32
335157rDe attornato indexxvide attornato inde; Nota; Aliter; Aliter quando assisa capta fuit per defaltam viri et vir et uxor postmodum arram’ assisam; Attincta super quodam scripto relaxacionis et quiete clamancie dedicto.42
336157vde attincta nove disseisine etc’xxviApud Bothevyll Anno xo; Aliter; Anno viio apud E; Nota; Aliter; Apud karliol anno nono; Nota Aliter; Aliter de attincta quando carta profertur ad excludendum querentem ab accione et replicatur quod nichil transivit per cartam.62
337158rAttincta assise nove disseisinexxviPatens inde; Anno xviio apud W; Aliter; Patens inde.43
338158vdexxviAssociacio in attincta assise nove disseisine; Patens inde associacio; Breve ad revocandum speciales Iusticiarios quia contra formam statuti Norhampton’; Si non omnes in attincta.44
339159rde redisseisinaxxvide redisseisina Merton’ capitulo tercio Marl’ capitulo viio Westm’ secundum capitulo xxvio; Regula secundum Escrik.11
340159vde redisseisina etc’xxviRegula; cum pluries de postdisseisina; Attachiamentum inde; de attornato in brevi de rediseisina vel post disseisina; Associacio in redisseisina; Regula.44
341160rde redisseisinaxxvide redisseisina de communa pasture; Aliter de stagno; Aliter de cursu aque diverso; Aliter de via artata; Regula; Aliter de custodia dominicarum terrarum etc’.51
342160vde postdisseisinaCap’m xxviiAliter de victu et vestitu; Aliter de racionabilibus estoverus Anno tercio decimo; Aliter de redditu unius robe et racionabili sustentacione; Apud Ebor’ Anno ixo; de postdisseisina; Regula; Aliter post defaltam.62
343161rde recordo et processu in brevi de redisseisina mittendis coram Rege etc’xxviiAttincta de redisseisina; Regula; de recordo et processu inquisicionis in brevi de redisseisina mittendis coram Rege; Aliter de errorem corrigendo in brevi de postdisseisina; de attornato in brevi de redisseisina quando est coram Rege ad errorem corrigendum.43
Note: Note in lower margin in French in cursive script without citation about case concerning a record of a writ of debt.
344161vde faciendo venire recordum et processum assise nove disseisine eo quod etc’xxviide recordo et processu redisseisine mittendis coram Rege ad faciendum finem pro redisseisina unde coniunctus fuit; postdisseisina mittenda coram Rege ad capiendum corpus et ad levandum dampna quia non habent in comitatu.22
345162rde recordo et processu de dampnis levandisxxviiBreve de faciendo venire recordum et processum assise nove disseisine; Aliter de recordo et processu de quadam via; de faciendo venire recordum et processum assise nove disseisine eo quod certificacio arramiatur inde; Regula; Regula; Aliter de recordo et processu assise quia attincta arramiatur inde; Aliter de eodem.52
Note: Note in lower margin in French in cursive script citing 39 Hen VI 4 that attaint does not lie about the tenor of a record.
346162vde recordo et processu assise mittendis aliis iusticiariis etc’xxviiAliter thesaurario et camerario de recordo et processu assise; Aliter thesaurario et camerario de recordo et processu mittendis quia assisa capta est et iudicium ad huc rest’ reddend’; Aliter de eodem; de recordo et processu quia attincta est arramiata; de recordo et processu de dampnis levandis; Aliter de eodem.62
347163rde recordo et processu assise mittendis etc’xxviiAliter de eodem; de recordo et processu inchoato coram uno pari Iustic’; mittendis aliis de novo assign’; Aliter de recordo et processu omnium assisarum iurat’ et certific’ coram uno pari Iustic inchoatarum mittendis aliis Iusticiariis; Aliter de recordo et processu assise mittendis aliis Iusticiariis de novo assign’.52
348163vde recordo et processu assise nove disseisinexxviiad capiendum assisam virtute cuiusdam commissionis iure’ vob’ et prefato I ??; de recordo et processu assise mittendis coram Rege ad capiendum disseisitores propter disseisinam factam; Aliter de eodem; de recordo et processu assise mittendis coram Rege ad iudicium inde reddendum.43
349164rde recordo et processu assise nove disseisinexxviide recordo et processu assise mittendis aliis Iustic’ ad iudicium reddendum de eodem; Regula; quod Iustic’ ?habeat rec’ et processum sibi missa coram se et sociis suis in prox’ sessione sua ad iudicium inde reddendum.21
350164vde recordo et processu assise mittendis coram Regexxviiquod iusticiarii visis et examinatis recordo et processu sibi missis procedant ad iudicium; de mittendo recordum et processum assise coram aliis Iusticiariis de novo assign’.22
351165rde recordo et processu assise nove disseisine etc’xxviide recordo et processu assise mittendis ad capiendum certificacionem; de recordo et processu habendo ad execucionem iudicii faciendi versus Warantum; de recordo et processu assise que Rex coram eo venire fecit mittendis in cancellaria eo.33
352165vde recordo et processu assise nove disseisine etc’xxviiquod assisa arram’ de eisdem ten’; de mittendo recordum et processum assise Iusticiariis de novo assign’ et etiam cartam quam pars querens dedixit in placitando; inde G frater predecti W cuius heres ipse est; quod Custos brevium in communi Banco liberet uxori post mortem viri scripta que ipsi pretulerunt coram Iusticiariis in procacionem accionis sue placitando in quodam brevi de debito; de recordo et processu assise et etiam quadam carta dedicta habend’ coram Iusticiariis.55
353166rquod iusticiarii itineranti remittant recordo et processu assise; iusticiarii de Banco mittant de eodemxxviiin proxima sessione Iustic’; Aliter de recordo etc’ quiete clamancie mittendis in cancellaria etc’; quod tenentes in assisa non onerentur de dampnum quiamdiu disseisitores habeant unde dampna levari poterunt.32
354166vmittimus eo quod Bastardus allegatur placitando etc’xxviide dampnis levandis iuxta formam statuti etc’ Ita quod quilibet respondeat pro tempore suo; quod recordo et processu per Iustic’ de Banco missa Ius.22
355167rQuod iusticiarii de Banco mittant residuum recordum et processum etc’ ad errorem etc’xxviiticiariis itinerantibus remittantur Iusticiariis de Banco eo quod parliamentum remansit non terminatum in itinere; de recordo et processu in cancellaria mittendis eo quod allegatur placitando in assisa quod breve de altiori natura pendet inter partes; mittimus de eodem; mittimus de recordo et processu assise coram iusticiariis assignatis.43
356167vQuod iusticiarii procedant ad capcionem assise etc’xxviiAliter de eodem; Aliter coram Rege ad execucionem faciendam de dampnis ad iudicatis in assisa; Aliter eo quod bastardus allegatur placitando assisa; Aliter etc’ Iusticiariis de Banco in placito Warantie carte.40
357168rQuod iusticiarii procedant ad capcionem assise carta R’ allegata non obstantexxviiAliter ut Iustic’ ?securius etc’ ad capcionem; quod iusticiarii de Banco mittant residuum rec’ et proc’ etc’ ad errorem corrigendum; Aliter.31
358168vde mittendo recordum et processum omni assisa etc’ coram uno pari Iustic’ etc’xxviiSicut alias ad errorem corrigendum de recordo et processu etc’; cum pluries inde; quod iusticiarii procedant ad capcionem assise etc’; quod iusticiarii procedant ad capcionem assise carta Regis allegata non obstante.44
359169rAudita querela quando assisa arratur contra maiorem et Comitatemxxviide continuando assisam usque proximam sessionem pro eo quod thesaurarius et camerarius non miserunt ad plenum recordum et processum que vocabantur placitando in assisa.11
360169vAudita querela quando assisa arratur contra maiorem etc’xxviide mittendo recordum et processum omni assise etc’ coram uno pari Iustic’ inchoato aliis de novo assign’; de recordo et processu mittendis aliis Iustic’.22
361170rde continuando assisam quia in obsequium R’ etc’xxviiBastardia allegata in assisa nove disseisine missa fuit Episcopo ad inquirendum etc’; quando assisa arramiatur contra maiorem et comitatem ad excludendum in assisa capta pro forinseco etc’ breve de audita querela.22
362170vde non procedendo ad assisam Rege in consultoxxviiAliter de eodem.10
363171rde continuando attinctam quia est in servicio Regis etc’xxviide continuando assisam quia in obsequio Regis etc’; Aliter; Aliter.31
364171vQuod iusticiarii procedant ad capcionem assisexxviide recedendo in assisa quia rediit etc’; de non procedendo ad assisam Rege inconsulto; de tenore mittimus in evidenciam etc’; Nota quod recordum fuit missum in cancellaria transcriptum eiusdem mittebatur pro [sic].33
365172rde procedo ad capcionem assise et procedendo ad iudicium etc’xxviitenore in scaccarium et recordum remansit in cancellaria; de continuando attinctam quia est in servicio Regis etc’ et convenit cum brevibus precedentibus de continuando assisam etc’; de non procedo ad assisam de ten’ in custodia Regis existen’ Rege inconsulto etc’; Aliter de eodem.43
366172vDe execucione iudicii in assisa et redisseisinaxxviiAliter de eodem; quod iusticiarii procedant ad capcionem assise; Aliter; Aliter in attincta.41
Note: Marginalia: Circumspecte agatis [in gothic script, followed in lower margin by an extensive writ in Elizabethan secretary sent by the queen to the justices of KB].
367173rde assisa mortis antecessorisCap’m xxviiquod iusticiarii itinerantes procedant ad capcionem assise adiornate coram eis de uno comitatu in alium; quod procedant ad iudicium etc’; Aliter; Aliter de ultima presentacione; Aliter; quod Iusticiarii procedant ad capcionem assisarum termino non expectato; Irrour tempore Regis E proavi Anno viiio; de execucione iudicii in assisa nove disseisine.85
Note: Extensive note in lower margin in French in cursive script citing a case in 18 Eliz..
368173vde assisa mortis antecessorisxxviide execucione iudicii in redisseisina; de fine pro redisseisina; aliter vicecomiti Aliter etc’.32
Note: Marginalia: [in cursive script next to ‘de fine pro redissesina’] Istud breve non erit factum ut hic continetur quia non deliberentur sine speciali precepto domini Regis Marl’ ca 9.
369174rAttincta mortis antecessorisxxviiiAssisa mortis antecessoris; Patens inde; Aliter de redditu Glouc’ Capitulo septimo; Aliter pro illo qui est infra etatem; Regula et Nota; Aliter causa peregrinacionis.41
Note: Marginalia: Assisa mortis antecessoris data pro filio tenentis per legem Anglie / ao 6 E 3 ca 3 et 20 / ao 9 h3 tit 12 / infra l [sic, i.e., seemingly 50] annos iam ultimos elapsos; [note in French in cursive script about the situation where there are multiple demandants, citing Fitzherbert NNB fol. 195; extensive note in lower margin describing a case of mort dancestor in 16 Edw. III].
370174vde contingentibus assisam in mortis antecessorisxxviiiAliter quando habitum religionis assumpsit de attornato inde; Regula; Aliter de corrodio in Abbatia; Nota; Regula; de attornato; Attincta mortis antecessoris.42
371175rde avo et consanguinitateCap’m xxviiiPatens inde; de recordo et processu assise mortis antecessoris mittendis; Aliter; de attornato in Attincta mortis antecessoris; Attincta in quadam particula contenta in assisa mortis antecessoris.54
372175vde avo et consantuinitate; Nuper obiitxxviiiPatens inde; Regula; Regula M Escrik etc’; Regula; Attincta Aliter; pro illis qui sunt prime etatis et infra etatem; de associando ad dubitacionem audiendum.43
373176rNuper obiit; de ventre inspiciendoxxixRegula; Regula; de avo et consanguinitate; Aliter; de attornato inde attincta quando tenens ad terminum vite facit defaltam per quod alius admittitur ad defendendum ius suum et vocat ad warantum que vocacio contra placitatur per statutum per quod partes descendunt in inquisicionem unde arram’ attincta; Nuper obiit.43
Note: Marginalia: vide ao 6 E iia 3; processus inde sum’ grand cape et petit cape; ayle, cosynage; lou home passa br aile il ?sera nosme consnguin’ [word blotted out] ?in 5 E 3 en abrig 16,4 [in cursive script]; processus inde sum’ grand cape et petit cape gist lou un ad plusours heyrs s[cilicet] plusors filles ou plusors fytz si soet en gavelkind en Kent et devi seisie et un heire entra in tent la terr’ donques lauts q’tenus hors averont cest bref vers son [‘h’ struck out] coheir mes bref de raonabl parte gist in tiel case lou lautes ?tor [read ‘hors’] fuit vie foitz seisi et ut [sic, perhaps ‘uncore’ is meant] murrust seisi; [a note on nuper obiit in cursive script in the lower margin, citing to Fitzherbert, NNB fol. 197].
374176vdiem clausit extremum de seisina habendaxxixde attornato; Attincta; Nota ?dram’ inter nuper obiit et breve de racionabili parte; Aliter; Regula; Aliter; de attornato inde; Regula.53
375177rde terra extendenda etc’; Et etiam de ventro inspiciendoxxixNota; de ventre inspiciendo; diem clausit extremum; Aliter.32
376177vDe etate probandaCapitulum xxxsuper modo et causa capcionis; Aliter si superstes; de seisina habenda quia Rx accepit homagium; Aliter de non distringendo quia fecit homagium; de terra extendenda; de etate probanda.64
377178rDe etate probandaxxxRegula; Aliter; Patens inde; Aliter; Regula.31
378178vQuare eiecit infra terminumCap’m xxxiquare eiecit infra terminum; Aliter; Aliter; de attornato inde; de eieccione firme; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; super causa capcionis; de inquirendo super certificacione.115
Note: Marginalia: [next to quare eiecit] process’ inde attach’ distres process’ dutlarie; [next to the first aliter following de eiecione firme] p 4 E4 cest bref nest maintenable; [next to third aliter] bone bref; de eiectione firme per adminstratorem [next to this in the lower margin is a sample writ].
379179rde manu Regis ammovendaxxxide amovendo manum etc’; Anno xio Regis E tercii.22
Note: In the lower margin a sample writ de eiectione firme and and a note on ‘the case of the write’ in English.
380179vde ingressu ad terminum qui preteritxxxiide ingressu ad terminum qui preteriit in primo gradu sine titulo; Regula; Nota et aliter; Regula; Regula Capitulo xxvo; Aliter in eodem gradu; Post dimissionem sine titulo; In primo gradu cum titulo; In secundo gradu cum titulo; Post dimissionem cum titulo; Regula; Nota.64
Note: Marginalia: process’ inde sum’ grand cape petit et cape; pleg’ inveniend’ gracia in Cautell’ quibus conceditur; [the bottom margin contains notes of two cases of precipe quod reddat in French in cursive script; the first cites Pasch. 27 Hen. VIII 14, the second ‘m ?8 ?h 6’].
381180rdum non fuit compos mentisxxxiiRegula; dum non fuit compos mentis sine titulo; In post etc’; Cum titulo; Per et cui dum non fuit compos mentis; Post dimissionem; de attornato Anno xiiiio; dum infra etatem fuit sine titulo; Per et Cui; Post dimissionem; Regula; Cum titulo per.1010
Note: Marginalia: Et unde queritur; quod clam; process’ inde sum’ grand cape petit et cape; process’ inde sum’ grand cape petit et cape; precipe A quod reddat B unam acram cum aqua coopertam vel generalment unam acram terre [in lower margin in cursive script].
382180vde ingressu super disseisinamxxxiiPer et Cui; Post dimissionem; Regula; Regula; Regula; de ingressu super disseisinam cum titulo W im Capitulo xlvii; Cum titulo in per et sine titulo in eodem; Cum titulo per et Cui et sine titulo; Cum titulo in post; Sine titulo en post pro religiosis in post; Regula; de ingressu sine licencia.87
Note: pro tenente ad vitam et pro tenente in feodo de disseisina propria sed non de antecessoribus; vide fitz na fo 192; infra triginta annos iam ultimos ut dicit; infra l annos iam ultimos elapsos; lou home claime de son possesion demesne il dira infra triginta annos; lou il claime de possession son ancestre il dira infra l annos; process’ inde sum’ grand cape petit et cape; [in the lower margin in French in cursive script are descriptions of two cases, the first concerning enry sur disseisin citing to YB Hil. 21 Hen. V 25, the second concerning dum fuit infra etatem citing to ‘46 E 3 abridg fol 184’].
383181rde ingressu etc’xxxiiet voluntate capituli; Regula; de ingressu sine assensu et voluntate fratrum et sororum [pro custode hospitalis, in a different hand]; Regula; Nota; Breve quando tenens ad vitam disseisitur et moritur in eodem statu; Regula; de ingressu de cantaria; Nota de disseisina; Regula; Regula; Regula.43
Note: Marginalia: ingress’ super disseisina in le post [next to this in the lower margin is a sample writ issued in the name of ‘Regina’, either Mary or Elizabeth, probably the latter].
384181vDe intrusioneCap’m xxxiiRegula de Alienacione facta per villanum; Nota; pro prebendario de ingressu sine assensu et voluntate Decani et Capituli; Aliter de manerio pertinente ad prebendam Anno xo apud E’.21
Note: In a wide lower margin are notes of six cases written in French in cursive script. The first cites ‘broke titl entre in le per tm et pt 278’ [probably Brooke entre in le per, cui et post per totum and ?post 278 (the next fol. in the 1573 ed. of Brooke). The fifth cites Fitzherber NNB fol. 201. The others have no citation.
385182rCui in vitaxxxiiide ingressu cui in vita per muliere; Aliter de eodem; Aliter quando clamat tenere ad vitam suam; Cui; Post; Cui ante divorcum; Regula; In le post; Regula; Causa matrimonii prelocuti; Per et Cui.97
Note: process’ inde sum’ grand cape petit et cape; process’ inde sum’ grand cape petit et cape; process’ inde sum’ grand cape petit et cape.
386182vde intrusionexxxiiiPost; Causa matrimonii pro herede; Regula; Cui in vita pro herede; Cui; Post; de intrusione post mortem tenentis in dotem; Per; Cui; Post; Aliter quando uxor recuperavit dotem.109
Note: process’ inde sum’ grand cape petit et cape.
387183rde intrusionexxxiiiRegula; Aliter per assignacionem; Aliter de eodem; de assignacione capitalis domini feodi; de intrusione post mortem tenentis per legem Anglie; In per; In cui; In post; Regula; de intrusione post mortem tenentis ad vitam.86
388183vde attincta in brevi de ingressu coram IusticiariisxxxiiiPer; Cui; Post; Aliter per finem; Per assignacionem; Regula; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter in le remanere.84
Note: Note in French in cursive script in lower margin concerning a writ of entry against baron and feme citing to ‘T 3 ?h 6 53’.
389184rde attincta etc’; Ad liberandum terras etc’xxxiiiAttincta in brevi de ingressu coram Iusticiariis; Aliter de inquisicione de quodam scripto dedicto per breve de Nisi prius; Aliter quando inquisicio est capta inter petent’ et Warant’; Attincta quando uxor admittitur ad defendendum suum.42
390184vde ingressu per tenentem in dotemxxxiiiiAttincta pro herede ubi inquisicio capta fuit inter antecessorem suum petentem et virum et uxorem tenentes de manerio de E unde vir vocatus fuit ad warantum de tercia parte manerii predicti; pro coniuncto per attinctam de mittendo recordum et processum coram A et B ad capiendum finem pro imprisonamento pro terris et tenementis suis rehabendis et eciam pro estreppamento; Breve iudiciale inde ad deliberandum terras et tenementa post finem factum.33
391185rde ingressu etc’xxxiiiide ingressu per tenentem in dotem ad communem legem W iim Capitulo iiio; Per et Cui; Post dimissionem; de dote recuperata; Regula; de ingressu per tenentem per legem Anglie; Regula; Regula; Regula.55
Note: process’ inde sum’ grand cape et petit cape; process’ inde ut supra.
392185vde ingressu etc’xxxiiiiAliter per tenentem ad terminum vite; Regula; Regula; Aliter; Regula; de dote recuperata vivente viro quando dicebatur mortuus fuisse; de ingressu per tenentem in dotem super statutum; Aliter; Post; Aliter quando mulier recuperavit dotem et alienat.73
Note: Marginalia: Glouc’ cap vij / process’ inde ut antea.
393186rde ingressu etc’xxxiiiiRegula; Regula; In assignacione per; In duplici assignacione cui G de quo prefata C illud tenuit in dotem ex assignacione; In le post per assignacionem triplicem; Nota; Glouc’; de ingressu per tenentem per legem Anglie in consimili casu statutum Glouc’; hic deficiunt tria brevia A.66
394186vde ingressu in consimili casuxxxiiiiAliter; Aliter; Cum titulo; Aliter; pro priore; per assignam communem; Aliter ad communem legem; Regula; Regula; Aliter in le remanere; per assignacionem in le post; Regula; Aliter ad terminum alterius vite.104
Note: In the lower margin in cursive script there is a note on a formedon case citing to 38 Hen. 6 30, tit bref 112.
395187rCessavit per bienniumxxxvNota; Aliter in le post; Aliter per assignacionem; In le reverti; In le remanere; de ingressu ad terminum vite in consimili casu in le post.53
Note: In lower margin in different hand: In quo A non habet ingressum nisi post dimissionem quam B que illud.
396187vCessavit per bienniumxxxvCessavit per biennium W primum Capitulo xxio; Per; Cui; Post; pro herede; Cessavit de feodi firma; Regula; Aliter per; Aliter Cui; Post; Cessavit per biennium de Cantaria; Aliter contra personam.118
Note: Marginalia: process’ inde sum’ grand cape et petit cape; [in the lower margin in cursive script is a long note on a case of formedon that involved the statute of Uses, citing to Brooke, tit. formedon 46 7 E 6 (fol. 356v of the 1573 ed., of which this seems to be a quotation)].
397188rForma donacionisCap’m xxxviRegula; Regula; Regula; de tenendo alienatis contra formam collacionis W’ primum Capitulo xljo; Cessavit de obitu celebrando; Aliter de cantaria et luminari; forma donacionis in le destendere; In liberum maritagium W iim Capitulo io; Aliter viro et uxori W iim Capitulo io; Aliter; Regula W iim Capitulo io.74
Note: Marginalia: process’ inde ut antea; Westm 2 fact’ ao 13 E 1 ca 1; formedon par baron et feme serra dit descendere debet al’ feme bro ti br’ 33; [next to the entry ‘aliter de cantaria et luminari’ (the text of which may have been omitted by mistake) is an extensive note in cursive script in French on a case of formedon, citing, and probably derived from, Brooke tit. formedon 49; in the lower margin in a similar script is a note on a formedon case from 18 Edw. II citing to Brooke tit. omission, with a marginal note reciting cases where the rule of the main case does not apply citing to Hil. 11 Hen. VI and 8 ?h 6 and the abridgement part 2 fol 16].
398188vde forma donacionisxxxviAliter quando omnes prec’ petentes statum habent; Aliter; quando habitum religio ius assumpsit; quando iter peregrinacionis assumpsit; Aliter pro filia et exitu alterius; Aliter quando filius postnatus petit de seisina consanguinei per revercionem; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Nota; Aliter.122
Note: The lower margin contains notes in French in a gothic script of a case of formedon in the descender cited to ‘T 12 h 4 en le graund’ abridg’ fo 172’.
399189rde forma donacionisxxxviAliter; Aliter; de proparte; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter.61
Note: The lower margin contains a note in French in cursive script of two cases, the first citing to T 18 E 2 abridg fol 185 (may the same case as the one cited on fol. 188r), the second is about formedon more generally citing to E 9 h 7.
400189vde forma donacionisxxxviAliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter.70
Note: The lower margin contains note in French in cursive script about a case of formedon citing to Brooke tit. bref 108..
401190rde forma donacionisxxxviRegula; Aliter; Aliter; Forma donacionis in le reverti; Aliter; Aliter.51
Note: Marginalia: [note in French in cursive script, difficult to read]; hic deficit breve [next to a colored paragraph mark with no corresponding entry to the left]; [three notes in cursive script in French below the margin, the first dealing with gavelkind citing to the title formedon ‘en le abrig’ fol 18’, the second and third dealing with formedon in the remainder brought by baron and feme, with no citations].
402190vde forma donacionisxxxviAliter quando habitum religionis assumpsit; Aliter; Aliter; Quando filius qui est heres coheredum obiit etc’ Capitulo xio ?Bamb’; Aliter in le remanere; Aliter; Aliter.71
Note: Three notes in gothic script in the lower margin, first two giving regulae, one about formedon the remainder, the other about formedon in the descender, the third containing a brief note on a case of precipe quod reddat cited to T 15 E 3.
403191rde forma donacionisxxxviAliter; Regula; Aliter; Nota; de tenementis legatis in london.31
Note: Two notes of formedon cases in gothic script in the space between two sections of the text, the first citing to M 9 h 5 53, the second to 2 h 6 20.
404191vde tenementis legatisxxxviiAliter in burgo; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter.40
405192rde tenementis legatisxxxviiAudita querela; de testamento probando; Regula; Aliter in Londonia.32
406192vde tenementis legatisxxxviide tenementis legatis sub condicione; Aliter; si sit ad dampnum de ten’ dand’ pro cantare [sic].32
407193rSi sit ad dampnumCap’m xxxviiiAliter; Regula; Regula; Regula; Aliter in escambium.20
408193vSi sit ad dampnumxxxviiiAliter de dand’ Custodi Capelle in subvencionem substentacionis sue etc’; Aliter de redditu dand’ abbati et conventui priori et monachis de cella eiusdem Abbatie ad inveniendum duos capellanos in eadem cella celebratur’; Aliter de redditu remit.30
409194rSi sit ad dampnumxxxviiitendo relaxando et quiet’ clamand’ etc’; Aliter de ecclesia dand’ Capellanis ?? celebratur’ et eadem ecclesia apprepriand’; de mes’ mansioni fratrum contiguo dand’; quod plures divisum ?tetes possint dare etc’ priori et conventui ?unus in partem satisfaccionis et alius in escambium.43
410194vSi sit ad dampnumxxxviiide ten’ dand’ capellano etc’ de reversione concedenda eidem capellano.11
411195rSi sit ad dampnumxxxviiiIn part’ satisfaccionis etc’ et quod ingredi possint ten’ quod nativis eorum ?adquisivit etc’ Anno xiiio; de redditu assign’ tribus capellanis in diversis locis celebrantibus; de redditu in escambium relaxando; de terra assign’ in escambium pro redd’ relaxando et de inveniendo quendam monachium.44
413196rSi sit ad dampnumxxxviiide redditu assign’ pro officio mortuor’ in anniversario celebrato; de terra dand’ per inhabitacione ??; de ten’ dand’ ad prebendam faciend’; concluditur in brevi de revers’ conc’ una cum ten’ prius datis de revers’ concedend’ nota formam brevis; quod exec’ possint dar’ Capellano leg’ per testatorem; de tenementa danda fratribus ad elargacionem mansi sui.66
414196vSi sit ad dampnumxxxviiiRegula; de obligando manerium districcioni; Aliter quando tenetur de Rege in Capite; Aliter quod A possit feoffare G ita quod idem G dare possit et concedere eadem tenementa prefato A et M uxori eius etc’ ut ?patz in littera.31
415197rSi sit ad dampnumxxxviiide feoffando aliquem de ten’ et de concedendo reversionem dotis etc’ vide litteram.11
416197vSi sit ad dampnumxxxviiide feoffando et reversionem concedendo; Ita quod habita seisina dare possit et concedere feoffato ad vitam suam etc’ ut patet etc’; Supplicavit de reversione concessa de tenementis tentis de Rege in capite licencia non optenta ut ingredi posit post mortem tenentis ad terminum vite.33
417198rSi sit ad dampnumxxxviiide perdonacione trans’ de tenementis datis W et I et heredibus etc’ et post mortem W quia obiit sine her’ relax’ etc’ prefato I et I secundo sine licencia Regis; de aqua trahenda et fossato faciendo ad molendinum de aqua Regis; de antiqua trenchea obstruenda et nova facienda vel habenda etc’.33
418198vSi sit ad dampnumxxxviiide assisa panis et servisie habenda de assisa mesurarum habenda etc’.11
419199rSi sit ad dampnumxxxviiiquod heredes et participes possint feoffare ballivos et communitatem de redditu quem percipiunt de villa de N per manus ballivorum etc’; de tenente A et heredibus suis que alius tenet ad vitam suam ex dimissione Regine cui Regina illa concessit ad terminum vite habend’ post mortem etc’; de ten’ conc’ ad terminum vite de revers’ concedend’ eidem ad ?? terminum ita quod post mortem etc’ remaneant rectis her’ illius qui concessit.33
420199vSi sit ad dampnumxxxviiide quadam domo religiosorum fundanda et terris et domibus eidem domui conferendis; de prato dando Regi ita quod Rex habita inde seisina det illud freribus de monte Carmeli.22
421200rSi sit ad dampnumxxxviiide terris et tenementis adquisitis sine licencia Regis post publicacionem statuti rehabendis; Aliter in le retinere de eodem; de libertatibus concedendis; Aliter et fit patens inquisitoribus.41
422200vSi sit ad dampnumxxxviiide vacua placea Regis concedenda; de aqueductu; Aliter de conductu aque etc’; de aqua ducenda per fossatum ad stagnum molendini.43
423201rSi sit ad dampnumxxxviiiDe venella appropriata; De semita includenda; Concessio de mesuagio quod tenetur de domino Rege.33
Note: Writ headings on this page in different hands from the text.
424201vSi sit ad dampnumxxxviiiAliter in feodo talliato in le rehabere; Aliter in remanere in feodo talliato rehabere; Aliter; Aliter; Regula.40
425202rSi sit ad dampnumxxxviiiAliter le retinere; Aliter de serviciis remissis et quieta clamata etc’; de reversione concessa et ingressa sine licensia per quod seisitur in manum Regis in le rehabere.31
426202vSi sit ad dampnumxxxviiiAliter; ad quod dampnum de balliva foreste que de rege tenetur in capite etc’; Aliter de arboribus succidis in solo assart’ infra forestam Regis; Aliter de trenchea fac’ etc’.41
427203rSi sit ad dampnumxxxviiide vasto includendo per certam arentacionem ad scaccarium reddendum; Aliter de vasto includendo per certam arentacionem etc’ et aliis ad firmam dimittendis; Aliter de vasto includendo per certam arentacionem ad scaccarium reddendum.31
428203vSi sit ad dampnumxxxviiiAliter de eodem patens; clausum Inde vicecomiti; Aliter.31
429204rDe essendo quietum de TheolonioCap’m xxxixde essendo quietum de theolonio per cartam Regis; Regula; cum pluries inde; Attachiamentum inde; de attornato inde Regula nota; De essendo quietum.44
430204vde essendo quietum de theolonioxxxixde theolonis per cartam progenitoris Regis et per cartam confirmac’ Regis nunc cum clausula licet; Regula; cum pluries inde; Regula; Cum pluries et alterius forme; Regula; Quod mercatores et extranei et alienigene non prestent theolonium nec muragium etc’.44
431205rDe essendo quietum de Theolonioxxxixde essendo quietum de theolonio per cartas progenitoris Regis et confirmacionem Regis nunc; Regula; Aliter per cartam Henrici progenitoris Regis quam E Anno confirmavit.21
432205vDe essendo quietum de theolonioxxxixAliter per cartam progenitoris Regis et confirmacionem Regis ?avi; Regula; quod persone ecclesiastice suit quiete de theolonio etc’; Regula; Aliter de eodem; Aliter de eodem; de essendo quietum de theolonio quia de antiquo dominico patens; quod homines de antiquo dominico sint quieti de theolonio.63
433206rDe non contribuendo expensas militum etc’xxxixRegula; Attachiamentum super Ballivos etc’; quod homines de antiquo dominico non contribuant expensis militum; Nota.22
435207rde libertatibus allocandisxlde libertatibus allocandis in genere; Regula.11
436207vde libertatibus allocandisxlper cartas progenitoris Regis et confirmacionem Regis cum clausula licet; Aliter per cartas progenitoris Regis et confirmacionem Regis cum clausula licet; Aliter per cartas progenitoris Regis et confirmacionem Regis cum clausula licet et per concessionem alterius.31
437208rde libertatibus allocandisxlAliter per cartas progenitoris Regis proiit etc’; Aliter; Aliter pro baronibus quinque portuum; Aliter.40
438208vde libertatibus allocandisxlNota; Aliter cum clausula licet; Aliter de eodem; de inquirendo de libertatibus allocandis in itinere.31
439209rDe corrodio habendoCap’m xlide corrodio habendo; Aliter.21
440209vde corrodio habendoxliAliter sicut alias; Aliter; Sicut alias; Aliter; cum pluries set non forantur super le sicut alias quod procedit.52
441210rDe corrodio habendoxliAttachiamentum inde; Aliter non obstante excusacione; Aliter de corrodio transferendo de uno in alium etc’.31
442210vde annua pensione etc’ habend’xlide annua pensione; breve de annua pensione etc’; de primo beneficio ecclesiastico habendo; de pensione concessa ad scaccarium per Regem.44
443211rDe inquirendo de idiotaCap’m xliide inquirendo de idiota.11
444211vde inquirendo de idiotaxliiAliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; de idiota coram consilio ducendo ad examinandum.51
445212rDe leproso amovendo etc’; De onerando pro rata porcionisxliiDe leproso amovendo; De viis et venellis inundandis; de onerando pro rata porcionis.33
446212vde onerando pro rata porcionisxliiAliter de eodem.10
447213rDe nominacione facta per RegemxliiiAliter de eodem; de nominacione facta per Regem.21
448213vxliiide admittendo presentatu per Abbatem ad nominacionem Regis; Aliter de nominacione; de permutacione per nominacionem; presentacio per Regem; Aliter racione custodie; Aliter racione minoris etatis; presentacio causa permutacionis; De nominacione facta etc’ de permutacione et presentacione.85
449214rDe presentacione etc’xliiiAliter ad prebendam; de assignando stallum in choro; Aliter Decano et Capitulo; Aliter secunde vacante; Regula; de collacione heremitagii; de inducendo in corporalem possessionem etc’; Aliter ad cantariam; Ista littera patens facta fuit de cadem Cantaria; Aliter ad preposituram in ecclesia Cathedrali; Aliter preposito Beverlaci.104
450214vde presentacione etc’xliiipresentacio per Abbatissam; Aliter per laicum patronum; Collacio hospitalis per Regem; de inducendo in corporalem possessionem; de inducendo Custodi etc’; de recovacione quia persona superstes est; revocacio presentacionis quia prius ratificavit.76
451215rde collacione et revocacione etc’xliiiRatificacio prebende et ecclesie; Aliter; Aliter inde.31
452215vde ratificacione etc’xliiiAliter inde; Ratificacio ecclesie non obstante iudicio pro Rege reddito; Aliter inde; Revocacio presentacionis quia alias presentavit; Aliter quia ecclesia plena et consulta etc’.52
453216rDe revocacione etc’ de presentacione etc’xliiilittere patentes ad innotescendum recuperacionem Regis de ecclesia quorum interest; de presentacione facta super recuperacionem quando Rex recuperavit; presentacio per Regem quando nominatur ei etc’; de permutacione prebendarum.44
454216vlittere patentes aliorum quam Regisxliiilittere Canonici ad exercendum iurisdiccionem ordinariam loco suo; littere patentes ad conferndum beneficia domino in remotis agente; littera procuratoria etc’.33
455217rlittere alior’ quia Regislittera procuratoria ad resignandum.11
456217vde manucapcione etc’Cap’m xliiiiforma resignacionis; protestacio redenndi; manucapcio pro iudicato de latrocinio coram vicecomite ex officio W I capitulo xvo.33
457218rRegula; Aliter coram Ballivis libertatis; Aliter pro levi suspicione; Regula; Aliter pro parvo latrocinio.30
458218vDe manucapcione etc’xliiiiRegula; Nota; manucapcio pro appellato vivente appellatore; Aliter post mortem probatoris qui non est notorius latro.21
459219rDe manucapcionexliiiiAliter de ossensu mortis; de receptamento; de consilio et assensu; Regula; Aliter in conclusione.42
460219vde mittendo iudicamentumxliiiimanucapcio pro iudicato coram Custodibus pacis; Aliter de eodem; de mittendo iudicamentum inde coram Rege ad deliberandum iudicamentum coram Custodibus pacis.32
461220rDe manucapcione etc’xliiiiBreve Inde vicecomiti ad mittendum corpus iudicati; Aliter pro notorie suspecto de feloniis et maleficiis manucapto etc’; Aliter pro forestallariis.31
462220vDe manucapcione etc’xliiiipro eo qui sequitur appellum et brevia de falso iudicio; Aliter pro Abbate eo quod maliciose fuit apellatus omittendo nomen dignitatis.21
463221rDe manucapcione etc’Audita querela inde G lestrop’; Aliter per statutum mercatorum pro eo quod soluit partem debiti et debiti [sic] et de parte habet scriptum relaxacionis etc’; Aliter de transgressionibus feloniam non tangentibus.31
464221vDe manucapcione etc’xliiiiAliter ad prosequendum decepcionem et maliciam per statutum mercatorum; Aliter pro illo qui est captus et notificacione bulle in cancellaria offendi coram consilio domini Regis in proximo parliamento.20
465222rDe supersedendo de exigend’ etc’xliiiiSupersedias exigend’ in brevi de ordinacione versus magistros etc’; Aliter pro serviente.21
466222vDe supersedendo de exigend’ etc’xliiiisupersedeas capcioni in brevi de serviente; de supersedendo exigendum in placito debiti; Aliter in placito trans’ compoti vel debiti.32
467223rsupersedeas in placito transgressionis debiti vel compotixliiiiSupers’ exigend’ pro illo qui manucepit pro quodam aramiato coram Rege de Banco; Aliter supers’ exigend’ pro arettat’ coram Custodibus pacis etc’; Aliter supers’ de duobus brevibus de diversis placitis etc’.31
468223vDe supersedendo etc’xliiiide capto per le capias per manucapcionem etc’ deliberando; Aliter supersedeas capcioni corporis; Aliter etc’.31
470224vDe profro faciendo etc’Cap’m xlvDe attornato vic’ pro profro faciendo admittendo etc’.11
471225rDe profro faciendo etc’xlvAliter; De lavis de crescencia Wall’ traducend’ absque custuma iterato solvenda quia semel soluta erat.21
472225vDe bilanceis deferendisxlvDe bilances deferendis etc’; Aliter; de mensuris et ponderibus ne quis bis puniatur pro uno dilicto.32
473226rDe mensuris et ponderibusAliter.10
474226vCarta perdonacionis de defendenteCap’m xlviCarta perdonacionis se defendendo; Nota; De recordo utlagario mittendis etc’; De recordo mittendis per Iustic’ ad gaolam deliberandam etc’ quia se defendendo.33
475227rCarta perdonacionis utlagarie etc’xlviCarta perdonacionis utlagarie; de perdonacione utlagaro etc’.22
476227vdexlviDe manu Regis amovenda et execucione acquietanda etc’.11
479229rde attornato in attincta assise mortis antecessoris; attincta de quadam particula contenta in assisa mortis antecessoris; anno vii cons’; Regula; Regula M Escrik’ etc’.33
480229vDe recapcione averiorum et de minisAttincta aliter; de inquirendo de proprietate averiorum vel catallorum; breve coronatoribus quando vicecomes non retornat le pone mes ceo nest necessaire qar pur malice de vic’ qaunt ne voet retournir le bre’ il prendra la bill’ come est ordeigne par lestatut de W’ secunde capitulo xxxix.33
Note: Quite unusually the writ description breaks into French, but this does not seem to be a later addition. The same description is found in HLS MS 27, fol. 175r.
481230rDe idemptitate nominisde minis de nova forma etc’; de idemptitate novis Iusticiariis de Banco.22
482230vDe statutoQuando iuratores capiunt pro veredicto dicendo; modo in forma; Breve de manutenencia.33
483231rDe attachiamento magisterium et servientem qui recessit etc’Aliter; de attachiamento magistrum et servientem qui recessit a servicis pro maiori salario sibi promisso; pro illis qui sunt prime etatis et infra etatem; de associando ad dubitacionem audiend’.43
484231vAttincta in brevi de ingressu coram iusticiariisattincta quando tenens ad terminum facit defaltam per quod alius admittatur ad defendendum ius suum et vocat ad warantum que vocacio contra placitatur per statutum per quod partes discendunt in inquisicionem unde arram’ attincta; attincta in le nuper obiit; attincta in brevi de ingressu coram Iusticiariis; Aliter de inquisicionem capt’ de quodam scripto de dicto per breve de Nisi prius.43
485232rAttincta quando uxor admittitur ad ius suum defendendumAliter quando inquisicio est capta inter petentem et War’ etc’; attincta quando uxor admittitur ad defendendum ius suum; Aliter pro herede ubi inquisicio capta fuit inter ?amar’ suum pet’ et virum et uxorem ten’ de manerio de E unde vir vocatus fuit ad warantum de tercia parte manerii predicti.31
486232vattincta in brevi de forma donacionisBreve iudiciale inde ad deliberandum terras et tenementa post finem factum etc’; attincta in brevi de forma donacionis.22
487233rscire facias post execucionem terrarum factam; Scire facias et supersedeas; nota bene.33
488233vSupersedeas quando satisfactum est parti etc’; Aliter scire facias in brevi de statuto stapule.21
489234rAliter; scire facias de recognicione.21
493236rCarta de trans’ et utlagariaCarta de trans’ et utlagaria; Aliter coram Rege; Aliter coram Rege in diversis trans’; Aliter coram Rege; Aliter coram Rege.51
494236vCarta in brevi de compotode viro utlagato et uxore waiviata; Regula; Carta pro muliere; Waiviata; Carta in brevi de compoto compoto.44
495237rCarta quando quis utlagatur ad sectam R’Aliter in brevi de debito; Carta perdonacionis quando quis utlagatur ad sectam Regis; Carta pro serviente qui recessit a servicio suo; Carta amerciamenti debiti in brevi de trans’; Carta in brevi de detencione; Carta pro magistro retinente servicientem alterius.65
496237vde proteccioneCarta perdonacionis ad sectam utlagarie executoris; Carta perdonacionis pro lana ultra mare usque custuma traducta; Certiorari si carta sit allocata necne; Aliter; proteccio pro homine utlagato pro morte hominis ad graciam Regis remisso.54
497238rProteccio quod nullus hospitetur in domibus suis.11
Note: In the blank lower half of the page are written in gothic script two regulae about socage, one about coparceners, and one about female heirs. These rules are cited to fol. 256. That is 20 fols. more than we now have, using the ms. numeration, but these rules are not found on fol. 256 of the printed register either. See the Introduction.
498238vDe proteccioneAliter; proteccio quod nullus capiatur arestetur implacitetur etc’.21
500239vProteccio pro mercatore invidinas etc’ exercente; Aliter.21
501240rAliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter.40
502240vAliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter.40
503241rAliter; Aliter.20
504241vDe non molestando inde; Aliter pro clero et notabile valde etc’; proteccio pro homine laborante pro pace tractando sine clausula.32
505242rAliter pro mercatoribus lumbardie; Aliter pro clero.20
506242vProteccio pro universitate Cantebr’.11
507243rproteccio pro Abbate cuius Abbatia de fundaccione Regis Anglie existit.11
508243vAliter.10
Total:20321362

 

 

 

The totals are very large: 2030(1313), just a bit larger than MS 27, to which we have already compared it in the Introduction. The organization is very much like that of MS 27. What we say there about the organization of MS 27 can also be applied here. There remains the question whether the contents of the two registers are the same. That is not a question that can be answered definitively without more, somewhat painstaking, work. We did, however, check the last section, the one on pardons, since that section was the one that proved to be the most dynamic between MS 155, which we dated late in the 14th century with 15th century additions, and MS 27. The contents of that section in MS 27 and in MS 26 seem to be very close, down to the order in which the writs appear.

We turn now to the 16th century additions, which are, at least as we have so far discovered, unique in this register. We noted that those additions were put in in two different styles of script, one that we called ‘gothic’ and one that we called ‘cursive’. There are clearly a number of hands writing the cursive script, although there is one that dominates, and that, unfortunately, is the one that comes closest to the style that palaeographers call ‘Elizabethan secretary’. It is a bear for a medievalist to read. We are less sure that there is more than very occasionally another hand writing in the gothic script. We should remember, however, that this is a script that clerks were trained to write and to write in a way that it looked the same.

Assuming, as perhaps we should not assume, that almost all of the gothic additions are by the same man, we cannot date these additions any earlier than those in the cursive script. They contain at least one citation to a case in Dyer’s reports (1st ed. 1585/6) (fol. 132v). It is possible that that citation is to the manuscript rather than to the printed reports (though we found it without difficulty in the printed reports). Even so, the case is from 12 Eliz. (1569/70). There is at least one citation of Brooke’s abridgement (1st ed. 1573) in the gothic script (fol. 128r). There is a citation in this script to Mich., 4 & 5 Philip & Mary (1557) (fol. 25r). The writer of the gothic script is quite comfortable using ‘Regina’ for ‘Rex’ when he is giving sample writs (fol. 140v, 181r).

What distinguishes the writer(s) of the gothic script from those of the cursive script is a difference in concerns. The concerns do overlap. Both, for example, make considerable use of rules derived from Fitzherbert’s Nouvel natura brevium (gothic: fol. 17v, 18r, 19r, etc.; cursive: 19r, 20r, 22r, etc.). The concerns, however, of the writer of the gothic script are more distinctly clerical. He lists, for example, the stages of mesne process for virtually every major writ (fol. 12r, 33v, 34v, 69r, etc.). His is the list of forms of address on seq. 18. The writers of the cursive script are quite capable of getting into matters of minute detail about the framing of the writs, but show more interest than does the writer of the gothic script in case law (e.g., fol. 20v, 21v [greatly expanding an already long note in the gothic script], 33v, etc.). The writer(s), and in this case it is probably only one writer, makes considerable use of Brooke’s abridgement (fol. 33v, 128r, 128v, 181v, 187v [the relationship of formedon to the statute of Uses], etc.) whereas the writer of the gothic script uses it, so far as we have so far discovered, only once.

None of our later annotators shows any interest in the contents of the register after formedon. After fol. 191, there is only one addition (the gothic hand filled in the writ headings where they were missing on fol. 201r) until we reach fol. 238r, where the gothic hand has entered some notes in a conveniently available blank space. The notes have nothing to do with the text on the page, and they are the last of the 16th-century additions.

What we might make of all this is hard to tell. The simple explanation that the manuscript was owned by a clerk (though not Clough for chronological reasons) who wrote in a gothic script and then passed it to a lawyer or lawyers who wrote in cursive scripts seems to be belied by the fact the latest citation in the manuscript, the one to Dyer’s reports (fol. 132v, assuming, as seems most likely, that the citation is to the printed edition), is in gothic script. That the manuscript was first owned by someone who made most, if not all, of the cursive notes and then passed it to the owner who wrote the gothic script seems to be belied by the fact that in at least one place (fol. 21v), the cursive script has expanded on an already existing note in the gothic script. Also, the latest citation in the cursive script is almost as late as that in the gothic: a citation to a case of 18 Eliz. (1575/6) on fol. 173r. The most plausible explanation would seem to be that the manuscript was owned by a clerk who made the major additions and changes in gothic script, but that he shared it with other clerks who made additions in more informal hands. One of the hands that writes in this script may have been that of the owner, but there are a number of writers in the cursive script. They cannot all be the same person.

Locating the manuscript in the Chancery when this happened cannot quite be proven, though we have fairly firm evidence that it belonged to a Chancery clerk in 1530s. The location could have been in one of the inns of Chancery, but although there a some fundamentals contained in the manuscript that would be appropriate for beginners, what was done with some of the additions, for example, the case about the relationship between formedon and the statute of Uses, seems, at least to us, too sophisticated for beginners. Further, the mysterious citations to folio numbers beyond what is in the register as we have it suggest that those who were working on the manuscript also had access to another, longer register. For more speculation, see the Introduction.