The Harvard Law School’s Collection
of Medieval English Statute Books and
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HLS MS No. 21

England. Statutes, 1 Edw. 3 to 23 Hen. 6. Modus tenendi parliamentum. Magna Carta.

ca. 1445 (?ca. 1450)



The HOLLIS cataloguing may be found here. The former HOLLIS description was quite full and useful; some of it, however, was misleading and had been public for some time. We quote from it here both for the information that it contained and in order to correct it.

“Title: Statuta nova, ca. 1440

“Provenance: ‘Beauchamp’ (perhaps Henry de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick (d. 1445) from label on ff. 1); ‘William Fletewoode’ (i.e. the serjeant at law); acquired by George Dunn in July 1886 (who inserted in 1902 a document on paper (12 April 1589) signed by Fletewoode and Mathew Dale); his sale at Sotheby (no. 275) 12 Feb. 1913; bought privately by HLS.

“Summary: Contains statutes covering the regnal years 1 Edward III to 23 Henry VI (ff. 1 r.–225 v.). Preceded by an alphabetical index. Followed by, in a later hand, Magna Carta, and an imperfect Modus tenendi perliamentum (ff. 227–232 r.).

“Notes: Written in a legal hand in Law-French and Latin, long lines, 39 to a full page.

“Rubricated in blue and red throughout. At the beginning of the reign of each king, an initial miniature shows the King seated in royal robes holding a sceptre. That of Edward I is larger than the others. There are 97 painted and illuminated ornamental initials with floral marginal decorations.”

The cataloguing in Baker’s English Legal Manuscripts, 1, no. 105 reads as follows:


“MS. 21.

“Mid-C.xv, 233 ff., illum, initials and borders, miniatures of kings. Followed by alphabetical index, and, in a later hand, Magna Carta and an imperfect Modus tenendi parliamentum.

“‘Beauchamp’ (C.xv, in a label on fo. 1): perhaps Henry de Beauchamp (d. 1445), earl of Warwick; ‘William Fletewoode’, i.e. the serjeant at law (d. 1594); acquired by George Dunn in July 1886; his sale, S. 12 Feb. 1913, no. 275 (with plate in catalogue, showing fo. lr); bought privately by HLS.

“Census, I, 1026, no. 21; N. Pronay and J. Taylor, Parliamentary Texts of the Later Middle Ages (Oxford, 1980), 202.”

Baker’s (and before him the Sotheby catalogue’s) suggestion that the ‘Beauchamp’ inserted in the floral work on the bottom of our fol. 1r is Henry de Beauchamp, duke of Warwick (ODNB, s.n.), is possible, but the fact that he died on 11 June 1446 (when he was barely 22) is a bit difficult to reconcile with the presence of the statutes from 1445 in the main manuscript and even more difficult to reconcile with the fact that the index contains at least one reference to 23 Hen. 6 in the proper alphabetical order. The elaborate illustrations in the manuscript certainly suggest that it was made for someone who did not lack for funds. With some hesitation we suggest that the ‘Beauchamp’ is more likely to be Henry’s distant cousin John (c.1400–1475), who was a soldier and administrator in this period and who ultimately became first Baron Beauchamp of Powick. See ODNB, s.n. The title went extinct with the death of John’s son Richard in 1503, and one can imagine how a manuscript like this one might well have been sold, ultimately to come into the hands of William Fletewoode in the Elizabethan period. Fletewoode’s signature appears at the bottom of fol. 1r.

The largely non-statutory section at the end also suggests that the original owner was not a practicing lawyer. A practicing lawyer would almost certainly already have had a copy of Magna Carta (and others of what came to be called the Statuta vetera). The Modus tenendi parliamentum is not normally found in medieval statute books. (The only copies in Baker’s Cambridge Legal Manuscripts are in Lord Littleton’s collection of materials on parliament from the 17th century, although a short extract from it is found in HLS MS 20 and the whole text in MS 32.) And while the short, fanciful chronology of the rulers of Alexandria could be found tucked into the back of any medieval manuscript, it is more appropriate for a display manuscript than for a lawyer’s working book.

The only indication to the contrary is the marginalia on fol. 130r, which seem to be emphasizing the terms of an inquest that the parliament had ordered into the endowments of hospitals. The marginalia are written in what seems to be a fifteenth-century hand. We should remember, however, that John Beauchamp was deeply involved in adminstration. There is no reason why he might not have had occasion to look up such a statute or to have someone working for him look it and note it for him. Indeed, since Beauchamp was at one point the Lord Treasurer, he might well have been interested in this statute in his official capacity.

The manuscript measures approximately 280 X 203 mm.

The binding dates from 1990, uncovered birch boards with a pigskin spine. The report of the modern binder, Nancy Southworth, tipped in at the end of the manuscript, gives the full details. There is evidence that the manuscript was trimmed at the top for binding in some earlier period.

We begin with corrections to the former HOLLIS cataloguing. The last statute in the manuscript is 23 Hen. 6 (1445). Hence, the approximate date of the manuscript must be at least 1445 and not ca. 1440. There is no image in the manuscript that can be identified with Edward I. The larger image of a king to which the description refers (our fol. 1r) is almost certainly a stylized image of Edward III, since it appears on the first folio of statutes of Edward III. More troubling is the fact that the description said that the ‘alphabetical index’ precedes the collection of statutes. Since the manuscript was rebound in 1990, it is possible that the index was misplaced in the rebinding, but the fact that Baker, who saw the manuscript in the 1980s, says that it follows the collection of statutes makes it virtually certain that the HOLLIS description was wrong in this respect.

Once we realized that the HOLLIS description was unreliable, we decided to discard its folio references. There is no foliation in the manuscript, either ancient or modern. The HOLLIS description said that the collection of statutes is on fol. 1–225 followed by ‘Magna Carta and an imperfect Modus tenendi parliamentum’ on fol. 227–232. Our first digital foliation attempted to reproduce this foliation, but when we did it, fol. 1r appeared in the middle of 8 Edw. 3. If we left out the index and started the foliation with 1 Edw. 3, the final section with Magna Carta and the Modus (which actually appear in reverse order) begins on fol. 203r.

It seemed best to abandon the former HOLLIS foliation and refoliate the manuscript digitally, beginning with 1 Edw. 3 and omitting the modern end papers, the document signed by Fletewood and Dale, and the binder’s report, all of which are clearly later additions to the manuscript. Foliating this way gave us a basic collection of statutes from fol. 1r to fol. 202v. The index follows immediately on fol. 203r and runs to 233v. Fol. 234 is blank, as is 235r. The incomplete Modus begins on 235v, followed by Magna Carta, beginning on 238r and running to 240r. Fol. 240v and 241r are blank, but 241v contains an extract from an apocryphal chronology of the rulers of Alexandria ending with St. Katherine’s father, Costus. The modern end papers follow, which we did not foliate. As already mentioned, the binder’s report from 1990 is tipped in at the end.

The HOLLIS description said, and still says, that George Dunn had the Fletewoode and Dale document tipped into the manuscript in 1902. There is no reference in the manuscript to support that statement, but unlike the foliation (which seemed to be the result of miscounting) and the references to the order of the material (which seemed to be simply confused), this is the kind of thing that probably at one time had some support, such as a note by Dunn folded into the manuscript. That note seems now to be lost, possibly when the manuscript was rebound, but we are inclined to believe it. The document is certainly tipped in. It is not connected to any quire other than by modern binders.

What this document is doing there is something of a puzzle. There is good reason to believe that Fletewoode owned the manuscript. His signature appears at the bottom of fol. 1r. What is puzzling is why he would have left this document in the manuscript. The whole point of the document seems to be to provide evidence that a subsidy was paid. It has both Fletewoode’s and Dale’s seals on it in addition to their signatures. Perhaps the man who paid the tax never picked it up or perhaps he never paid. There are notes at the bottom of the document that seem to record the payments of the tax by others. (The raised seals on the facing page have been partially cut out and folded to face their corresponding signatures; They need to be checked on the physical manuscript.)

The quiring of the manuscript is fairly regular and straightforward. After an initial bifolium of modern endpapers and the tipped-in tax receipt, there follow 21 quires, all regular quaternions, except for one (no. 19), which lacks a folio. All but quire 8 have carryovers on the last folio set up in a quite distinctive way. Quire 23 is a quinterion with an additional folio tipped in. The additional folio has a carryover that was not filled in until the 19th century. There follow three more regular quaternions, of which only the first has a carryover. There follow four quaternions, which contain the index/calendar, also without carryovers. The last medieval quire, an addition that seems to be contemporary with rest of the manuscript and which contains an extract from the Modus tenendi parliamentum, a copy of the 1297 version of Magna Carta, and a chronology of the rulers of Alexandria, looks like a quaternion lacking one folio. The manuscript closes with a bifolium of modern end papers with the binder’s report tipped in at the end. This gives us the following collation:

Collation: 12 (unfoliated), i (unfoliated, tipped in), 2–188 (fol. 1–136), 198 (f. 137–143, lacks 1 after 143), 20–228 (fol. 144–167), 2310 + i (tipped in) (f. 168–178), 24–308 (f. 179–234), 318 (fol. 235–241, lacks 1 after 241), 322 (unfoliated), i (unfoliated, tipped in).

There is material that is out of order in quire 8. The preceding quire ends with c. 5 of 37 Edw. 3 (fol. 48v). The new quire begins (fol. 49r) with the end of 50 Edw. 3 and the beginning of 1 Ric. 2, which continues on the verso. Fol. 50r has c. 16–18 of 37 Edw. 3 and the beginning of 38 Edw. 3. Edward III statutes then continue in chronological order until we reach fol. 55v, which ends in the middle of 50 Edw. 3. Fol. 56r–v contains c. 8–15 of 37 Edw. 3 (misnumbered 36 in the heading of fol. 56v). Quire 9 begins on fol. 57r with the continuation of 1 Ric. 2. The mistake was noticed early on. Fol. 48v contains, in the usual quite distinctive style, a carryover indicating a quire break that refers us to the first words fol. 50r. Fol. 49v also contains a carryover, again in the usual style, that refers us to the first words on fol. 57r. (Fol. 51v also has a carryover, not in the usual style, perhaps to emphasize that this folio does carry over. Fol. 56v has no carryover, but it does have a floriated design in drypoint or pencil that points to the bottom margin, perhaps to indicate ‘go back’.)

While it is possible that the scribe copied the material in the wrong order, it seems much more likely that he was working with quires that were not sewn, or not permanently sewn. When quire 8 was permanently sewn the outer bifolium was folded in the wrong way, which resulted in what should have been the last folio of the quire appearing at the beginning and what should have been the first folio appearing at the end. The scribe who was putting in the carryovers noticed this, but did not want to resew (have resewn) quire 8 and so put in the unusual carryover on fol. 49v. The error could have corrected when the manuscript was rebound in 1990, but apparently the binder, like her predecessor 590 years earlier, did not want to resew the quire.

The missing folio after fol. 143 has, unfortunately, a simple explanation. It should have contained the end of 9 Hen. 5 and the beginning of 1 Hen. 6. That folio would also have contained an image of Henry VI. It seems likely that the folio was taken out because of the image.

The unusual quire 23 needs a more complicated explanation. The binder reports that it is a quinternion (more about this below). She does not mention the additional folio, which seems to be tipped in. We can explain the unusual size of the quire if we imagine that a quire had already been begun for 14 Hen. 6, which starts the next quire. The scribe, who was not necessarily a different scribe from the one who had been doing quire 24, realized when he began quire 23 that he was going to need more than a quaternion to get in all of the long 11 Hen. 6, so he had a quinternion made up. He did not finish 11 Hen. 6 in the quinternion, so he put what was left of it on an extra folio, which was then tipped in after the quinternion. He put in a box for the continuation at the bottom of the added folio, but did not fill it in. It was not filled in until the 19th century, and what was filled in in pencil is hard to read and even harder to make sense of. It is not a continuation to fol. 179r. It may be related to the fact that the text at the end of 11 Hen. 6 is a bit different from that in S.R

It remains to see if we can reconcile our quiring with what the binder says about it in her report: “There are 29 signatures, 15 sewing holes 5 from the 19th century, 4 leaves per signature, except: sig 18 has 7 pgs,sigs 20 and 21 have 8 leaves, 22 has 5 leaves, and 29 has 7 pgs. . . . The last signature had been cut into single sheets and these were rejoined with vellum.” Most of the report is devoted to describing technically, and in considerable detail, the handsome piece of binding work that she did. Clearly, no one told her how important it is to leave a precise description of what she found when she disbound the quires. As it is, we can reconcile what she says with what we found if we assume that she made a couple of mistakes and used somewhat unusual terminology: First, she did not count the endpapers that she herself added. Second, she started by counting only those quires that contained the main manuscript. Those add up to 29, and the fact that what are almost certainly her quire numbers in the lower-left hand corner of the our quires 27–30, which she numbered 26–29, supports that proposition. Normally when she says ‘leaves’, she means bifolia, just as when she says ‘pages’ she means folios. Thus, when she says that quire 29 has 7 pages, she means that it has 7 folios, and the quire to which she is referring is her quire 30 (our 31). That she made up this quire out of single sheets that she found at the end of manuscript seems plausible. All we have to do to make this make sense is to assume that she forgot that her initial count of the quires did not include the last one. The only way that we can explain what she meant when she said that quires 20 and 21 (our 21 and 22) have 8 leaves is that here she is using ‘leaf’ in its more normal meaning of a single folio. As noted above, quire 22 (our 23) does seem to be a quinternion; she did not mention the additional folio which seems to be tipped in at the end.

The HOLLIS description of the art-work is accurate other than its identification of the first minature of a king being that of Edward I and its omitting the fact the folio that would have contained the miniature of Henry VI is missing. We did not count the number of illuminated initials; it could be as many as 97. We might add that lines of text that do not run out to the margin are filled in with red and blue streamers out to margin, an example of medieval ‘horror vacui’ that makes the overall impression of the manuscript very colorful.

The folios of the main manuscript are laid out in drypoint with lines for a header, a text block, and a large space at the bottom. There are 39 long lines of text on the full pages. Drypoint horizontal lines for the text are not visible on the images. The scribes may have done it by eye. If they did, they did a good job.

The general condition of the manuscript is good. We found one page, fol. 136r, where the painting has some bleeding, perhaps because of exposure to water or humidity. There may be others; we did not look for them systematically.

The last datable item in the main collection is the statute of 23 Hen. 6; hence our approximate date, ca. 1445. That 23 Hen. 6 was written in different hand from that of the preceding statutes of Henry VI suggests that most of the statute book was substantially complete before 1445. Since the index contains references to 23 Hen. 6, we might want to date its composition a bit later. Hence, our queried date of ca. 1450 in parentheses. The fact that fol. 4r refers to Edward III as ‘nunc rex’ suggests that the statute of Northampton, and perhaps other statutes of Edward’s time, were copied from a manuscript that dated from that time.


Summary Contents

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  Seq. Fol. No. Item  


Detailed Contents

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Seq. Fol. Label Header Sig.  
1Front cover 
2Inside front cover 
3Modern end paper. Library reference marks 
  Note: Folio tipped in.
8Certification of subsidy paid, 12 April 1589 
  Note: (1) Certification to the Lord Treasurer and the Barons of the Exchequer by William Fletewood and Mathew Dale, comissioners for the taxing and levying of the subsidy in the borough of Southwark, that John Wite, gent., has paid. Dated 12 April 1589. See the introduction. (2) Notes of sums at bottom, probably of those who owed for the subsidy. (3) Raised seals, possibly embossed backwards by accident, have been partially cut out and folded to face their corresponding signatures.
91r1 Edw. 3, stat. 1. (S.R. 1:251–4)Anno primo 
  Note: (1) Elaborately decorated initial ‘C’ with detailed miniature and floral border. A scroll at the bottom of the border reads ‘Beauchamp’. (2) The lower margin is signed ‘Will’m Fletewoode’.
101vAnno primo 
112rE tercij 
122v1 Edw. 3, stat. 2. (S.R. 1:255–7)Anno primo 
  Heading: Aliud Statutum apud Westmonasterium eodem anno Editum.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’.
133rE tercij 
143vAnno primo 
154rStatute of Northampton, 2 Edw. 3. (S.R. 1:257–61)E tercij 
  Heading: Statutum apud Norhampton’ Anno eiusdem nunc Regis ijo Editum.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘N’.
164vAnno ijdo 
175rE tercij 
185vAnno sc’do 
196r4 Edw. 3. (S.R. 1:261–5)E tercij 
  Heading: Statutum apud Westmonasterium Anno quarto Editum.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’.
206vAnno quarto 
217rE tercij 
227v5 Edw. 3. (S.R. 1:265–9)Anno q’into 
  Heading: Statutum apud Westmonasterium Anno quinto Editum.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’.
238rE tercij 
  Note: This folio looks as if it got separated from its quire at some point but was later joined back to its stub by a professional repair that looks modern. Neither the quiring nor the continuation of the text is affected.
248vAnno quinto 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
259rE tercij 
269v9 Edw. 3, stat. 2. (S.R. 1:273–4)Anno q’into 
  Heading: Statutum apud Eboracum Anno nono Editum.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘E’. (2) To the header someone has added ‘et nono’ in pencilled calligraphy.
2710rE tercij 
2810v9 Edw. 3, stat. 1. (S.R. 1:269–72)Anno ixo 
  Heading: Statutum eodem Anno Nono Ibidem Editum.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘C’.
2911rE tercij 
3011v10 Edw. 3, stat. 1. (S.R. 1:275)Anno ixo et xo 
  Heading: Statutum apud Westmonasterium Anno decimo editum.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘C’.
3112r10 Edw. 3, stat. 2. (S.R. 1:276–8) 
  Heading: Aliud statutum apud Westm’ eodem Anno editum.
  Note: (1) The version of the statute given here lacks the first two and last paragraphs of the version in S.R.. (2) Decorated initial ‘C’.
3212vAnno xo 
3313r(1) 11 Edw. 3. (2) 14 Edw. 3, stat. 1. (S.R. [1] 1:280–1 [2] 1:281–9)E tercij 
  Heading: (1) Statutum apud Westm’ Anno undecimo Editum. (2) Statutum apud Westm’ anno Quartodecimo Editum.
  Note: Decorated initials ‘A’ and ‘A’.
3413vAnno xiiijo 
3514rE tercij 
3614vAnno xiiijo 
3715rE tercij 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
4217v(1) 14 Edw. 3, stat. 3. (2) 14 Edw. 3, stat. 4. (S.R. [1] 1:292 [2] 1:292–4)Anno xiiijo 
  Heading: (1) Prerogativa Regis in eodem parliamento ibidem Recitata. (2) Statutum de clero eodem Anno Quartodecimo ibidem editum.
  Note: Decorated initials ‘L’ and ‘E’.
4418v14 Edw. 3, stat. 2. (S.R. 1:289–92)Anno xiiijo 
  Heading: Statutum prelatorum apud Westm’ eodem anno editum.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’.
4619vOrdinatio de statu terre Hibernie, 17 Edw. 2, stat. 1. (S.R. 1:193–4)Anno xvij 
  Heading: Statutum apud Notyng’ anno decimo septimo editum etc.
  Note: (1) The wording differs somewhat from the text found in S.R., and does not contain the attestation clause. Statutes and Ordinances, and Acts of the Parliament of Ireland. 1: King John to Henry V, 1:293–94, gives only the English translation found in S.R., and does not give anything under 17 Edward III. It is, however, ascribed to 17 Edward III both here and in HLS MS 170. These witnesses may be mistaken, but further exploration is called for. (2) Decorated initial ‘E’.
4720r15 Edw. 3, stat. 3. (S.R. 1:297)Anno xviij 
  Heading: Statutum apud Westm’ Anno decimo octavo editum.
  Note: (1) This item is also found in HLS MS 170, where it is attributed to year 17. While the text is close to some of the concerns expressed in PROME under the parliament of year 17 (1343), there can, however, be little doubt that it is to be ascribed to the parliament of 1341 in year 15. The wording is almost exactly same as that found in items 55–61 of the roll of that parliament. (2)Decorated initial ‘F’.
4820v(1) 18 Edw. 3, stat. 1. (2) 18 Edw. 3, stat. 2. (S.R. [1] 1:299 [2] 1:300–1)Anno xviijo 
  Heading: (1) Aliud Statutum apud Westmonasteriu’ eodem Anno editum etc. (2) Aliud statutum apud Westmonasteriu’ eodem Anno editum.
  Note: Decorated initials ‘A’ and ‘F’.
5021v18 Edw. 3, stat. 3. (S.R. 1:302–3)Anno xviijo 
  Heading: Statutum apud Westmonasterium eodem Anno editum.
5122r20 Edw. 3. (S.R. 1:303–5) 
  Heading: Statutum contra Iusticiarios anno vicesimo editum.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’.
5222vAnno xxmo 
5323rOrdinance of labourers, 23 Edw. 3. (S.R. 1:307–9)Anno 
  Heading: Statutum de operaris anno vicesimo Tercio apud Westm’ editum.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘Q’.
5423vStatute of labourers, 25 Edw. 3, stat. 2. (S.R. 1:311–13) 
  Heading: Statutum contra servientes Anno vicesimo quinto editum.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘C’.
5524rAnno xxvto 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
5725rOrdinance for the clergy, 25 Edw. 3, stat. 6. (S.R. 1:324–26)Anno xxvto 
  Heading: Aliud statutum apud Westmonasterium eodem Anno editum.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘N’.
6026vStatutum de pannis, 25 Edw. 3, stat. 3. (S.R. 1:314–16)Anno 
  Heading: Statutum de pannis apud Westmonasterium eodem anno editum.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’.
6227v25 Edw. 3, stat. 5. (S.R. 1:319–24)Anno 
  Heading: Aliud statutum apud Westmonasterium eodem anno editum.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’.
6730rOrdinance for the clergy, 25 Edw. 3, stat. 6. (S.R. 1:324–26)xxvo 
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘N’. (2) The decorated initial begins a text without a heading. (3) This would seem to duplicate the statute given above on fol. 25r with a slightly different preamble.
6830vAnno xxvo 
6931rOrdinance of the staple, 27 Edw. 3, stat. 2. (S.R. 1:332–42)Anno xxvijo 
  Heading: Incipit statutum de Stapula lanarum Anno xxvijo.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’.
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
8036vStatute of praemunire, 27 Edw. 3, stat. 1. (S.R. 1:329–31)Anno 
  Heading: Incipit Statutum Westm’ Anno xxvij Editum.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘N’.
8338r28 Edw. 3. (S.R. 1:345–9)xxvij 
  Heading: Incipit statutum apud Westm’ anno xxviij Editum.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘N’.
8840v31 Edw. 3, stat. 1. (S.R. 1:349–53)Anno 
  Heading: Incipit Statutum apud Westm’ Anno xxxjmo Editum.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘A’. (2) Carryover indicating quire break.
9142rOrdinatio facta de allece vendend’, 31 Edw. 3, stat. 2. (S.R. 1:353–5)xxxi 
  Heading: Incipit Statutum apud Westm’ Anno xxxjo de allece factum.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘P’.
9343rOrdinatio de pisce salito de Blakeney [Norf], 31 Edw. 3, stat. 3. (S.R. 1:355–6)xxxi 
  Heading: Incipit Statutum de pisce salito de Blakeney eodem Anno.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘P’.
9544r34 Edw. 3. (S.R. 1:364–9)xxxiiij 
  Heading: Incipit Statutum factum apud [Westmonasterium] Anno regni regis E tercii tricesimo iiijto.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘C’.
10046vOrdinatio facta de allece, 35 Edw. 3. (S.R. 1:369–70)Anno 
  Heading: Incipit alia ordinacio facta de allece Anno E tercii xxxmo quinto.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’.
10147rDe perdona facta communitati regni Anglie, 36 Edw. 3, stat. 2. (S.R. 1:376–8)xxxv 
  Heading: Incipit perdonacio facta communitati Anno etc tricesimo sexto.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’.
10348rStatutum de victu et vestitu, 37 Edw. 3. (S.R. 1:378–83)xxxvi 
  Heading: Statutum editum apud Westm’ Anno tricesimo septimo.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘L’. (2) A page is missing. It can probably be found at fol. 47.
  Note: (1) The page ends in the middle of 37 Edw. 3. (2) A carryover, indicating quire break, refers, as it should, to beginning of fol. 57r. See the introduction.
10549r1 Ric. 2. (S.R. 2:1–5)Primo 
  Heading: Anno primo R[?egis, ?egni] Ricardi Scundi.
  Note: (1) Elaborately decorated initial ‘R’ with a detailed miniature and floral border. (2) The page begins with the end of 50 Edw. 3. It belongs after fol. 55 See the introduction.
  Note: A carryover refers, as it should, to beginning of fol. 57r. See the introduction.
10750r(1) Statutum de victu et vestitu, 37 Edw. 3. (2) 38 Edw. 3, stat. 1. (S.R. [1] 1:378–83 [2] 1:383–5)xxxviij 
  Heading: Statutum apud Westm’ Editum Anno tricesimo octavo.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘N’. (2) The page begins in the middle of 37 Edw. 3.
10951r38 Edw. 3, stat. 2. (S.R. 1:385–7)xxxviij 
  Heading: Aliud Statutum Editum apud Westm’ eodem Anno.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘P’.
11152r42 Edw. 3. (S.R. 1:388–90)xxxviij 
  Heading: Statutum Editum apud Westm’ Anno quadragesimo Secundo.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘N’.
11353r43 Edw. 3. (S.R. 1:390–2)xliijo 
  Heading: Statutum Editum apud Westm’ Anno quadragesimo tercio.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’.
11654v(1) 45 Edw. 3. (2) 47 Edw. 3. (S.R. [1] 1:393 [2] 1:395)Anno 
  Heading: (1) Statutum apud Westm’ Editum Anno quadragesimo quinto. (2) Statutum Editum apud Westm’ Anno quadragesimo septimo.
  Note: Decorated initials ‘A’ and ‘P’.
11755rDe perdonacionibus et gratiis factis per Regem communitati regni sui Anglie, 50 Edw. 3. (S.R. 1:396–8)xlvto xlvijo lmo 
  Heading: Statutum apud Westm’ Editum Anno quinquagesimo.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘D’.
  Note: The page ends in the middle of 50 Edw. 3. The rest of the statute can be found at fol. 49r. See the introduction.
11956r37 Edw. 3, c. 8–16. (S.R. 1:376–8)xxxvi 
  Note: This folio belongs after fol. 48. See the introduction.
12157r1 Ric. 2 (cont’d). (S.R. 2:1–5)Primo Ric’i 
  Note: The page begins in the middle of 1 Ric. 2. See the introduction.
12358rStatute of Gloucester, 2 Ric. 2, stat. 1. (S.R. 2:6–11)P’imo Ric’i 
  Heading: Statutum Editum apud Glouc’ Anno ij Ricardi Secundi.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘N’.
12559rSecundi Ric’i 
12760r2 Ric. 2, stat. 2. (S.R. 2:12)Secundi Ric’i 
  Heading: Aliud Statutum Editum eodem Anno apud Westm’.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’.
12860v3 Ric. 2. (S.R. 2:13–15)Anno 
  Heading: Statutum apud Westm’ Editum Anno tercio.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’.
12961rTercio Ric’i 
13061vStatute of Northampton, 4 Ric. 2. (S.R. 2:16)Anno 
  Heading: Statutum Editum apud Northampton’ Anno quarto.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
13162r5 Ric. 2, stat. 1. (S.R. 2:17–23)quarto Ric’i 
  Heading: Statutum Editum apud Westm’ Anno quinto Ricardi secundi.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
13363rquinto Ric’i 
13564rquinto Ric’i 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
13765r5 Ric. 2, stat. 2. (S.R. 2:23–26)quinto Ric’i 
  Heading: Aliud Statutum Editum apud Westm’ eodem Anno etc.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘P’.
13966rquinto Ric’i 
14066v6 Ric. 2, stat. 1. (S.R. 2:26–30)Anno 
  Heading: Incipit Statutum apud Westm’ Editum Anno sexto.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’.
14167rSexto Ric’i 
14368r6 Ric. 2, stat. 2. (S.R. 2:30–31)Sexto Ric’i 
  Heading: Aliud Statutum Apud Westm’ Editu eodem anno.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
14569r7 Ric. 2. (S.R. 2:31–36) 
  Heading: Statutum apud Westm’ Editum Anno Septimo.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
14770rSeptimo Ric’i 
14971r8 Ric. 2. (S.R. 2:36–7)Octavo Ric’i 
  Heading: Incipit Statutum apud Westm’ editum Anno Ricardi octavo.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’.
15071v9 Ric. 2. (S.R. 2:38–9)Anno 
  Heading: Statutum apud Westm’ Editum Anno Nono.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘N’.
15172rNono Ric’i 
15272v10 Ric. 2. (S.R. 2:39–43)Anno 
  Heading: Statutum Editum apud Westm’ Anno decimo.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘N’. (2) Carryover indicating quire break.
15373rdecimo Ric’i 
15574r11 Ric. 2. (S.R. 2:39–55)undecimo Ric’i 
  Heading: Statutum Apud Westm’ Anno Undecimo.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘C’.
15775rUndecimo Ric’i 
15976rUndecimo Ric’i 
16177rUndecimo Ric’i 
16378rUndecimo Ric’i 
16579rUndecimo Ric’i 
16679v12 Ric. 2. (S.R. 2:55–60)Anno 
  Heading: Statutum Apud Cantebrigg’ Anno xijo.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘P’.
16780rDuodecimo Ric’i 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
16981rDuodecismo Ric’i 
17182r13 Ric. 2, stat. 1. (S.R. 2:61–68)xiijmo Ric’i 
  Heading: Statuta apud Westm’ Edita anno terciodecimo.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘C’.
17383rxiijmo Ric’i 
17584rxiijmo Ric’i 
17785r13 Ric. 2, stat. 2. (S.R. 2:68–74)xiijmo Ric’i 
  Heading: Des chartres de pardoun & provisours en mesme le perlement faitz.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘N’.
17986rxiijmo Ric’i 
18086v14 Ric. 2. (S.R. 2:76–77)Anno 
  Heading: Statutum Editum apud Westm’ Anno quarto decimo.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘P’.
18187r15 Ric. 2. (S.R. 2:78–82) 
  Heading: Statutum Apud Westm’ Editum Anno quinto decimo.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’.
18388rxvmo Ric’i 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
18589r16 Ric. 2. (S.R. 2:82–87)xvmo Ric’i 
  Heading: Incipit Statutum Editum Apud Wynton’ Anno regni regis R xvjmo.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘N’.
18790rxvimo Ric’i 
18991rxvimo Ric’i 
19091v17 Ric. 2. (S.R. 2:87–92)Anno 
  Heading: Statutum apud West’ Editum Anno xvijmo.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘S’.
19192rxvijmo Ric’i 
19393r20 Ric. 2. (S.R. 2:92–94)xxmo Ric’i 
  Heading: Incipit Statutum Apud Westm’ Editum Anno xxo.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘L’.
19594r21 Ric. 2. (S.R. 2:94–110)xximo Ric’i 
  Heading: Incipit Statutum Apud Westm’ inceptu’.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘F’.
19795rxximo Ric’i 
  Marginalia: questiones.
  Note: It is striking that one of the few pieces of marginalia in this manuscript should mark the recital of the ‘Ten Questions to the Justices’ in this parliament, which questions were deemed by the commons, selected serjeants, and the justices to have been answered ‘duly and lawfully’ .
19996rxximo Ric’i 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
20197rxximo Ric’i 
20398rxximo Ric’i 
20599rxximo Ric’i 
207100r1 Hen. 4. (S.R. 2:111–19)Primo H iiijti 
  Heading: Incipit Statutum apud Westm’ Editum Anno primo Regis H quarti.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘H’ with a detailed miniature and floral border.
209101rPrimo H iiijti 
211102rPrimo H iiijti 
213103rPrimo H iiijti 
215104r2 Hen. 4. (S.R. 2:120–31)Primo H iiijti 
  Heading: Incipit Statutum apud Westm’ editum anno secundo.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’.
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
217105rSeucndo H iiijti 
219106rSecundo H iiijti 
221107rSecundo H iiijti 
223108rSecundo H iiijti 
225109rSecundo H iiijti 
227110r4 Hen. 4. (S.R. 2:132–43) 
  Heading: Incipit Statutum apud Westm’ Editum Anno quarto.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’.
229111riiijto H iiijti 
231112riiijto H iiijti 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
233113riiijto H iiijti 
235114riiijti H iiijti 
237115r5 Hen. 4. (S.R. 2:143–8)quinto H iiijti 
  Heading: Statutum apud Westm’ editum anno quinto Henrici quarti.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘P’.
239116rQuinto H iiijti 
241117rQuinto H iiijti 
242117v6 Hen. 4. (S.R. 2:148–50)Anno 
  Heading: Statutum Apud Coventre Editum Anno sexto H quarti.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘P’.
243118r7 Hen. 4. (S.R. 2:150–8)Sexto H iiijti 
  Heading: Statutum apud Westm’ Editum Anno vijmo H quarti.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘N’.
245119rSeptimo H iiijti 
247120rSeptimo H iiijti 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
249121rSeptimo H iiijti 
251122r9 Hen. 4. (S.R. 2:158–61)Nono H iiijti 
  Heading: Statutum apud Glouc’ Editum Anno Nono Henr’ iiijti.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘P’.
253123r11 Hen. 4. (S.R. 2:162–6)Nono H iiijti 
  Heading: Statutu apud Westm’ Editum Anno Undecimo H iiijti.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘D’.
255124rxjo H iiijti 
257125r13 Hen. 4. (S.R. 2:166–9)xjmo H iiijti 
  Heading: Statutum apud Westm’ Editum Anno xiijmo Henr’ quarti.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘M’.
259126rxiijmo H iiijti 
261127r1 Hen. 5. (S.R. 2:170–4)Primo H quinti 
  Heading: Statuta Anno Regni Regis H quinti post conquestum Anglie primo.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘H’ with a detailed miniature and floral border.
263128rP’imo H quinti 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
265129r2 Hen. 5, stat. 1. (S.R. 2:175–87)Secundo H quinti 
  Heading: Incipit Statutum apud Leycest’ Anno regni regis H quinti post conquestum secundo.
  Marginalia: Notes emphasize the provisions of c. 1 concerning the inquests into hospital endowments.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘N’.
267130rSecundo H quinti 
269131rSecundo H quinti 
271132rSecundo quinti 
273133rSecu’do H quinti 
275134rSecu’do H quinti 
276134v2 Hen. 5, stat. 2. (S.R. 2:187–90)Anno 
  Heading: Statutum apud Westm’ eodem anno Secundo Editum.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘N’.
277135rSecu’do H quinti 
278135v3 Hen. 5. (S.R. 2:191)Anno 
  Heading: Statutum Henrici quinti apud Westm’ Editum Anno tercio.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘F’.
279136r4 Hen. 5, aka 3 Hen. 5, stat. 2. (S.R. 2:192–6)Tercio H quinti 
  Heading: Statutum Henrici quinti apud Westm’ Editum Anno tercio.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘N’.
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
281137rTercio H quinti 
283138r4 Hen. 5, aka 4 Hen. 5, stat. 2. (S.R. 2:196–200)Quarto H quinti 
  Heading: Statutum Henrici quinti apud Westm’ Anno iiijto Editum.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’.
285139rQuarto H quinti 
286139v5 Hen. 5. (S.R. 2:200)Anno 
  Heading: Statutum apud Westm’ Anno quinto H quinti Editum.
287140r7 Hen. 5. (S.R. 2:201–2)Quinti H quinti et septimo 
  Heading: Ordinacio et statututum apud Westm’ edita Anno vijo H quinti.
  Note: Decorated initials ‘A’ and ‘A’.
288140v(1) Extension of 7 Hen. 5 to the next parliament. (2) 8 Hen. 5. (S.R. [1] Not in S.R. [2] 2:203)Anno 
  Heading: (1) Ordinacio facta apud Westm’ Anno Octavo Henrici quinti. (2) Per peticionem in parliamento.
  Note: (1) The first item is an implementation of item 24 in PROME for the parliament of 1420. (2) It is possible that the scribe got the headings reversed. The first heading seems more appropriate for the second item and the second for the first. (3) Decorated initials ‘A’ and ‘I’.
289141r9 Hen. 5, stat. 1. (S.R. 2:204–9)Octavo H quinti 
  Heading: Statutum apud Westm’ Editum Anno nono Henrici quinti.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’.
291142rNono H quinti 
293143rNono H quinti 
294143v9 Hen. 5, stat. 2. (S.R. 2:209–12)Anno 
  Heading: Statuta de alio parliamento eodem Anno tento etc.
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘A’. (2) The page ends in the middle of 9 Hen. 5, stat 2.
295144r1 & 2 Hen. 6. (S.R. 2:213–16)p’imo H Sexti 
  Note: The page begins in the middle of 1 Hen. 6. The first full chapter is 1 Hen. 6, c. 3, S.R. 214. One fol. is probably missing.
296144v2 Hen. 6. (S.R. 2:216–27)Anno 
  Heading: Statutum Apud Westm’ Anno regni regis Henrici vjti secundo editum.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’.
297145rSecundo H sexti 
299146rSecu’do H Sexti 
301147rSecu’do H Sexti 
303148rSecu’do H Sexti 
305149rSecu’do H Sexti 
306149vWrit concerning provisions for the king’s household and other matters. (Not in S.R.)Anno 
  Heading: Statutum de emptoribus et provisoribus victualium ad hospicium domini Regis et Regine [in parliamento] tento apud Westm’ xxo die Februarii Anno Regni Regis Henrici Sexti post conquestum Secundo.
  Note: (1) The writ refers to the ‘statute’ as having been passed in parliament on 20 February. That would put it in the second session of parliament of 2 Henry 6, which met from 14 January to 28 February, 1424. The writ itself is undated. It is, of course, in Latin. It is very long, and some of its provisions seem to Latinizations of items in the statute of 2 Hen. 6, S.R. 2:216–27. There are also references to the household in PROME for this parliament, but nothing that seems quite on point. This document deserves more attention than we have been able to give it. (2) Decorated initial ‘H’.
307150rSecu’do H Sexti 
309151rSecu’do H Sexti 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
311152r3 Hen. 6. (S.R. 2:227–8)Secu’do H Sexti 
  Heading: Statutum apud Westm’ Anno regni regis Henrici Sexti Tercio.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘N’.
313153r4 Hen. 6. (S.R. 2:229–32)Tercio et quarto H Sexti 
  Heading: Statuta apud leyc’ edita Anno regni Regis Henrici vjti quarto.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘C’.
315154rQuarto H Sexti 
317155r6 Hen. 6. (S.R. 2:232–8)vjto H Sexti 
  Heading: Statutum apud Westm’ Editum Anno regni regis H Sexti Sexto.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘N’.
319156rSexto H Sexti 
321157rSexto H Sexti 
322157v8 Hen. 6. (S.R. 2:238–62)Anno 
  Heading: Statutum apud Westm’ Editum Anno Octavo H Sexti.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’.
323158rOctavo H Sexti 
325159rOctavo H Sexti 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
327160rOctavo H Sexti 
329161rOctavo H Sexti 
331162rOctavo H Sexti 
333163rOctavo H Sexti 
335164rOctavo H Sexti 
337165rOctavo H Sexti 
339166rOctavo H Sexti 
341167rOctavo H Sexti 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
343168r9 Hen. 6. (S.R. 2:263–72)Nono H Sexti 
  Heading: Statutum apud Westm’ Editum Anno Nono Henrici Sexti.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’.
345169rNono H Sexti 
347170rNono H Sexti 
349171rNono H Sexti 
351172rNono H Sexti 
352172v10 Hen. 6[, stat. 1]. (S.R. 2:272–76)Anno 
  Heading: Statutum apud Westm’ Editum Anno decimo Henrici Sexti.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘N’.
353173rDecimo H Sexti 
355174r11 Hen. 6. (S.R. 2:277)Decimo H Sexti 
  Heading: Statutum apud Westm’ editum Anno xjo H sexti.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘N’.
357175rundecimo H Sexti 
359176rundecimo H Sexti 
361177rundecimo H Sexti 
363178rundecimo H Sexti 
364178vAnno xjo 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break. The carried-over text is not entered in a medieval hand. A 19th-century hand has added some words that are hard to read and do not seem to be the carried-over text. See the introduction .
365179r14 Hen. 6. (S.R. 2:289–94)Henrici vjti 
  Note: The decorated initial begins a text without a heading.
366179vAnno xiiijo 
367180rHenrici vjti 
368180vAnno xiiijo 
369181r15 Hen. 6. (S.R. 2:295–300)Henrici vjti 
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘N’. (2) The decorated initial begins a text without a heading.
370181vAnno xvo 
371182rHenrici vjti 
372182vAnno xvo 
373183rHenrici vjti 
374183v18 Hen. 6. (S.R. 2:301–15)Anno xviijo 
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘N’. (2) The decorated initial begins a text without a heading.
375184rHenrici vjti 
376184vAnno xviijo 
377185rHenrici vjti 
378185vAnno xviijo 
379186rHenrici vjti 
380186vAnno xviijo 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
381187rHenrici vjti 
382187vAnno xviijo 
383188rHenrici vjti 
384188vAnno xviijo 
385189rHenrici vjti 
386189v20 Hen. 6. (S.R. 2:315–25)anno xxo 
  Note: (1) Decorated initial ‘N’. (2) The decorated initial begins a text without a heading.
387190rHenrici vjti 
388190vAnno xxo 
389191rHenrici vjti 
390191vAnno xxo 
391192rHenrici vjti 
392192vAnno xxo 
393193rHenrici vjti 
394193vanno xxo 
395194r23 Hen. 6. (S.R. 2:326–43)Henrici vjti 
  Heading: Incipiunt Statutua Regis Henrici Sexti de Anno vicesimo tercio.
  Note: Decorated initial ‘A’.
396194vAnno xxiijo 
397195rHenrici vjti 
398195vAnno xxiijo 
399196rHenrici vjti 
400196vAnno xxiijo 
401197rHenrici vjti 
402197vAnno xxiijo 
403198rHenrici vjti 
404198vAnno xxiijo 
405199rHenrici Sexti 
406199vAnno xxiijo 
407200rHenrici Sexti 
408200vAnno xxiijo 
409201rHenrici vjti 
410201vAnno xxiijo 
411202rHenrici vjti 
412202vAnno xxiijo 
413203rAlphabetical Index26 
  Marginalia: (1) Accusements, (2) Accomptes, (3) Addicions, (4) Ad’inistratours, (5) Admirall.
  Marginalia: (1) Aide de Roy, (2) Alienac’o’n, (3) Aliens, (4) Ambidext, (5) Amerciament, (6) Apparell.
  Marginalia: (1) Appell, (2) App’ntice, (3) Approp’acio’n des Esglises, (4) Armure, (5) Arraie, (6) Arrestis.
  Marginalia: (1) Arsure de measo’n, (2) Artificers, (3) Assache, (3) Assise.
  Marginalia: (1) Assise, (2) Atteint, (3) Attournes.
  Marginalia: (1) Attourneys, (2) Avermentis, (3) Aumage.
  Marginalia: (1) Almage, (2) Auncell, (3) Auru’ Regine, (4) Bailees, (5) Bastardie, (6) Berbys, (7) Berwyk, (8) Benpleder.
  Marginalia: (1) Bigamie, (2) Blees, (3) Boteler le Roy, (4) Brauderers, (5) Brees, (6) Brevez, (7) Breto’ns, (8) Bullio’n.
  Marginalia: (1) Bure et Formage, (2) Caleys, (3) Cere, (4) Cestr’, (5) Chaceours, (6) Chall de Jurrour, (7) Champertie, (8) Chapleyns, (9) Chapit’s des maso’ns, (10) Chartres de pardo’n.
  Marginalia: (1) Chartres de perdo’n, (2) Chastell, (3) Cippes, (4) Cirografer, (5) Cisteux, (6) Clerk del corone, (7) Clerk de court’ le Roy, (8) Clerk del Escheqer, (9) Clerk destat’ marchaunt, (10) Clerk de market, (11) Clerk de vic’ (12) Clerk des universitees.
  Marginalia: (1) Clerk des universitees, (2) Cokett des leyns, (3) Collette dez ministrez, (4) Collettours, (5) Collusio’n, (6) Co’ie Bank, (7) Co’ialtees, (8) Co’missioners et lour co’missions.
  Marginalia: (1) Co’missioners et lour co’missions, (2) Concelements, (3) Confederacie, (4) Conisaunce, (5) Conspiracie.
  Marginalia: (1) Constable et marchal, (2) Consultac’o’n, (3) Convocac’o’ns, (4) Cordwyns, (5) Coron, (6) Corpus cu’ causa, (7) Comite, (8) Countours de messong’, (9) Count’plee de voucher, (10) Crikes, (11) Cunage.
  Marginalia: (1) Cunage, (2) Custome, (3) Custumers et lour countrollers.
  Marginalia: (1) Custumers et lour countrollers, (2) Decies tantu’, (3) Defaut, (4) Deliv’ance, (5) Dames, (6) Denmark, (7) Dette, (8) Disines.
  Note: The fact that ‘dames’ is out of alphabetical order, quite unusual for this index, suggests that the scribe may have been thinking ‘demoiselle’.
  Marginalia: (1) Disines, (2) Disceit, (3) Discontinuance, (4) Distres, (5) Dorchestre, (6) Draps, (7) Duresse, (8) Eleccio’n.
  Marginalia: (1) Eleccio’n, (2) Encu’bent, (3) Enditem’ts, (4) Englet’re, (5) Entre sur disseisine.
  Marginalia: (1) Entre sur diss’ine, (2) Errour, (3) Eschaungez.
  Marginalia: (1) Escheqer, (2) Eschetour.
  Marginalia: (1) Eschetour, (2) Eskippeso’n, (3) Esso’n, (4) Etatutz merc’bz et del Estaple, (5) Esteyn’, (6) Estretes, (7) Evesqes, (8) Elbe, (9) Executours, (10) Execut’o’n.
  Marginalia: (1) Exemplificacions, (2) Exigendi, (3) Expenses, (4) Extort’o’ns, (5) Fairez, (6) Faitours, (7) Fauco’n, (8) Faux count’ et mensong’, (9) Faux iugt’, (10) Feoffem’nt’, (11) Felonie.
  Marginalia: (1) Felonie, (2) Fermes.
  Marginalia: (1) Ferre, (2) Fetes, (3) File de leyne, (4) Fines pur transgressiouns, (5) Fynes de terre, (6) Flete, (7) Forcible entre, (8) Forest de Dene, (9) Forest, (10) Foreine sutys.
  Marginalia: (1) Forein plees, (2) Forfetures, (3) Forger des fetes, (4) Formage et bure, (5) Forstallers, (6) Fourcher, (7) Forme de count, (8) Frank elecc’o’n.
  Marginalia: (1) Frerees, (2) Frette dez niefs, (3) Galys.
  Marginalia: (1) Galys, (2) Gaoll et lour deliv’aunce, (3) Gaolers, (4) Gardeyn’, (7) Gastoyn’, (8) Gauge dez vinez et autres licours, (9) Gildes de fraternitees.
  Marginalia: (1) Glendour, (2) Gorces, (3) Guerre, (4) Harauk, (5) Heedpens, (6) Heresie, (7) Herefordshire, (8) Hibernia.
  Note: Head pence are a type of tax that the sheriff of Northumberland is forbidden to levy in the cited statute.
  Marginalia: (1) Hibernia, (2) Hospitall, (3) Hostillers, (4) Hostis, (5) Housebote, (6) Hugh le dispenser, (7) Hundr’, (8) Hunters, (9) Idemptitate nominis.
  Marginalia: (1) Idemptitat’ no’is, (2) Insurrect’o’n des co’es, (3) Ireland’s, (4) Juelles, (5) Jugem’tis, (6) Jur’ dutru’, (7) Jurours, (8) Justicez de lun bank et del autr’, (9) Justice de bank le Roy, (10) Justicez dass’.
  Marginalia: (1) Justicez dass’, (2) Justices de Gaol deliv’er, (3) Justicez doier et t’miner, (4) Justicez de Nisi p’ius, (5) Justices de peas.
  Marginalia: Justices de peas.
  Marginalia: (1) Justicez de peas, (2) Keels, (3) Laborers et artificers.
  Marginalia: Laborers et artificers.
  Marginalia: (1) Laborers et artificers, (2) Layns, (3) Lancastr’, (4) Launcegays, (5) Ley, (6) Letters, (7) Libell, (8) Lib’tees, (9) Liens penals, (10) Livere des draps.
  Marginalia: (1) Livere dez draps, (2) Livere de companie, (3) Lollard’, (4) Lumbard’, (5) Lieutenaunt, (6) Maintenaunce, (7) M’shal de bank le R, (8) Marchalsie, (9) Maynprs’.
  Note: The last entry is added in the bottom margin in what may be a different hand.
  Marginalia: (1) Marchandisez eskippez, (2) Marchauntz Englois.
  Marginalia: Marchaunts estaungez.
  Marginalia: (1) Marchaunts estaunges, (2) Marin’s, (3) Meere, (4) Melcome, (5) Mendimaunts, (6) Mensong’s, (7) Merke et reprisell, (8) Mesp’isio’n’, (9) Mesurez.
  Marginalia: (1) Mesurez, (2) Money.
  Marginalia: (1) Money, (2) Mortmayn’, (3) Multiplicac’, (4) Nati in partibz transmarinis, (5) Niefs, (6) Nisi p’ius.
  Marginalia: (1) Nisi prius, (2) Norwey, (3) Novell, (4) Nouncleym’, (5) Nounplevyn’, (6) Nounsuyte, (7) Nountenur’, (8) Nusance, (9) Officers, (10) Oier et t’m’er.
  Marginalia: (1) Orfeours, (2) Oxenford’, (3) Pakker, (4) Pannels, (5) Pape.
  Marginalia: (1) Pape, (2) Pardo’n, (3) Parlement, (4) Passage.
  Marginalia: (1) Passage, (2) Patenmakers, (3) Patentz, (4) Patentz, (5) Pellure, (6) Peticions au Roy, (7) Piers de roialme.
  Marginalia: (1) Pipe del escheqer, (2) Plees, (3) Poundage et tonage, (4) Pountis [ponts], (5) P’ndre des profitz, (6) Presentem’t al Esglise, (7) Priours aliens, (8) Procedendo, (9) Processe.
  Marginalia: (1) Processe, (2) Prohibic’o’n.
  Marginalia: (1) Prohibic’o’n, (2) Proceccions, (3) Provisio’n.
  Marginalia: (1) Provisio’n, (2) Purchace, (3) Purgac’o’n, (4) Purveours.
  Marginalia: (1) Purveours, (2) Quare impedit.
  Marginalia: (1) Quare impedit, (2) Quinsim, (3) Rayne, (4) Rape, (5) Resceit, (6) Record’.
  Marginalia: (1) Recorde, (2) Resonable aide, (3) Restituc’o’n. (4) Riotours et Routys, (5) Riott’s et Routis, (6) Ryvers.
  Marginalia: (1) Rumperie s’r le meer, (2) Rumpours de truez, (3) Salarie dez prestees, (4) Samons, (5) Sariaunt’s darmes, (6) Sauscondit’s, (7) Seignours, (8) Seint esglise, (9) Seintuary, (10) Seinturez, (11) Seneschal et marshal, (12) Sercheour.
  Marginalia: (1) Sercheour, (2) Sewers, (3) Silva sedua, (4) Sondeours, (5) Southesc’, (6) Southvis’, (7) Spic’ie, (8) Staple.
  Marginalia: Staple.
  Marginalia: Staple.
  Marginalia: Staple.
  Marginalia: (1) Staple, (2) Sub pena, (3) Subside, (4) Suerte, (5) Su’monce del Pipe, (6) Tanners, (7) Tanverners.
  Marginalia: (1) Taxes, (2) Temporaltes dez Eve’q’s, (3) Testez de Detez, (4) Thravez, (5) Thrummez, (6) Tourne dez vic’ (7) Trailebast’, (8) Treso’n.
  Note: ‘Thrummez’ according the cited statute, is apparently a technical term for threads cut off from the bottom of the unwoven part of woven cloth and exported to Flanders without paying customs. Not in Baker, Manual or AND, but see OED s.v. ‘thrum’.
  Marginalia: (1) Treso’n, (2) Trespasse, (3) Triall, (4) Trielbez, (5) Tronour, (6) Vagarantz.
  Marginalia: (1) Vert cere, (2) Vesture et pelour, (3) Viscountz, (4) Villeins, (5) Vinez.
  Marginalia: (1) Vinez, (2) Vitaillers.
  Marginalia: (1) Utlagez, (2) Wast, (3) Wexchandelers, (4) Wynchestr’, (5) Wrek de meere, (6) Wursted’.
478235vModus tenendi parliamentum. (Not in S.R.) 
  Note: (1) Incipit ‘Hic describitur quomodo parliamentum’ as in T.D. Hardy ed. p. 3. Explicit: ‘De consensu parliamenti et non retro parliamentum’, as in id. p. 21. Full analysis has not been done, but this looks very much like the standard text begun but not completed. (2) This section is written in a more informal, probably slightly later script. It is not laid out in the same way as the main manuscript (no headers, no illustrations) and is clearly a separate section and probably a later addition.
483238rMagna Carta, as confirmed 25 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:114–19) 
490241vChronology of Rulers of Alexandria up to St. Katherine. (Not in S.R.) 
  Note: Incipit: ‘Alexandria maior primo erat fundata per quendam ducem nomine Babel’. Explicit: [Costus] ‘Regnavit in Alexandria sexaginta et tribus annis’. Below this is ‘et seq.’ (thanks to Elizabeth Kamali for deciphering this for us). Though there are some slight parallels with the Golden Legend and the Latin Vulgate Vita published by Einekel in EETS 80 and more fully by d’Ardenne and Dobson in EETS SS7 (1981), there are more parallels with Capgrave’s Life of Saint Katherine, ch. 9–11, which has most of the detail but is much longer. It is striking that our manuscript seems to be almost exactly contemporary with Capgrave, who is usually thought to have composed his life in 1445. This at-present unidentified text of 21 wide-measure lines deserves more attention than we have been able to give it.
491Blank modern end paper 
492Blank modern end paper 
493Blank modern end paper 
494Blank modern end paper 
495Binder’s report, Nancy Southworth, 1990 
497Inside back cover 
498Back cover