The Harvard Law School’s Collection
of Medieval English Statute Books and
Registers of Writs

Ames Projects

Click on image for more information

 

HLS MS No. 166

Registrum brevium

1340 X 1351, with later additions

http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HLS.LIBR:13048082

 

 

The HOLLIS cataloguing may be found here. The following items are worth repeating:

“Description: 178 leaves ; 21 cm.

The cataloguing in Baker’s English Legal Manuscripts, 1, no. 98 reads as follows:

“REGISTRUM BREVIUM

“MS. 166.

“C.xiv, 178ff., early C.xvi binding with arms of Henry VIII impaling Katharine of Aragon (d. 1536). The first writ is for land in Nottinghamshire.

“‘Charles H. Read’ (C.xix); ‘Augustus W. Franks from W. Greenwell’, i.e. Augustus Wollaston Franks (later knight, d. 1897); sold at S. 24 July 1939, no. 196, to Blades; put up again, S. 20 Dec. 1939, no. 607; bought from Sweet & Maxwell, and received on 6 May 1941.

“New Gallery, Regent Street, London, Exhibition of the Royal House of Tudor (1890), 266, no. 1370 (when in possession of Mr A.W. Franks).”

Neither Baker’s count of the folios nor that in HOLLIS seems to correspond to what is actually there; our count puts the total at 201. (Baker and HOLLIS may have relied on the medieval foliation, which, as we will see below, is unreliable.) We will also express below some doubts about the binding. We may have found an addition to Baker’s provenance; on fol. 146v there is note: ‘George Griffith 5th September 1822’.

The manuscript is approximately 210 X 145 mm.

The somewhat informal script is consistent and legible, with a second, almost certainly later, script providing additions and re-inking in a darker color. There is no reason to doubt that that the basic script dates from the 14th century. The ascenders on some of the pages rise into the upper margin, perhaps suggesting a date earlier in the 14th century rather than later. There seems to be more than one hand at work using the basic script. The darker script is harder to date, but we would incline to date it in the 15th century, though probably fairly early in that century. There may also be more than one hand at work in the darker script, but the uniformity of the color of ink suggests not. Fol. 177v is written in a hand that is not either of these and probably dates from the last quarter of the 14th century. Fol. 178r–179v are written in a cursive script that probably dates from early in the 16th century.

Paragraph marks and dividers are drawn in red. There are a number of decorated initial capitals, in red and blue, but no illuminations. The quality of this decoration is not particularly high. We have found three informal drawings, all of which seem to suggest that the artist was distancing himself from the contents of the manuscript (listed in the Detailed Contents). We have found one possible grotesque.

The decorated leather binding is in remarkably good condition considering its probable age. Baker saw the arms of Henry VIII impaled with those of Katherine of Aragon on it. They are not visible on the images, but we have no reason to doubt that they are there. They allows us to date the binding with some precision. It is highly unlikely that it antedates Henry and Katherine’s marriage in 1509 or postdates their divorce in 1533. The metal clasps that hold the foredge together look as if they have been repaired or replaced at some more recent time. That there are bifolia of modern freestanding endpapers both front back and that the pastedowns are also modern suggest that the manuscript was rebound in these covers, perhaps on the occasion of its display in the ‘Exhibition of the Royal House of Tudor’ in 1890.

One folio (fol. 22) is torn and stitched with coarse thread; the text is still legible. A quire would seem to be missing after our fol. 153.

Medieval foliation accompanies the headers in a different hand from the main text. It appears on both recto and verso, and begins on our fol. 5r with ‘ij’. It follows consistently three numbers lower than our foliation until medieval fol. 139, which is repeated. It jumps ahead by eight where the quire is missing. We have refoliated the manuscript digitally, including the three medieval folios at the beginning and carrying on beyond the medieval foliation to include the last three quires, but omitting the endpapers in the front and back.

Unusually, medieval signatures marks are found on the final pages of the quires. Modern ones, which probably date from the rebinding, occur on their first pages, with a few on the first four pages.

The missing quire is indicated by the fact that the medieval quiring skips from xviij to xx, by the fact that fol. 154 begins in mid-sentence, and, perhaps, by the fact that there is a scribble in a hand of uncertain date at the bottom of fol. 153v that looks like ‘OWL’ but may be a very badly formed ‘quire’. The medieval foliation tells a similar story. Our fol. 153 is numbered ‘cxlix’ on both recto and verso; fol. 154 is numbered ‘clviij’. What might be missing from the contents is discussed below.

Quiring/collation (omitting the modern endpapers):

13 (f. 1–3), 2–88 (f. 4–59), 912 (f. 60–71), 10–138 (f. 72–103), 146 (f. 104–109), 15–168 (f. 110–125), 176 (f. 126–135), 188 (f. 136–143), 1910 (f. 144–153), 20–258 (f. 154–201).

Lacking a date in the initial writ of right patent, setting a date for the manuscript is, to some extent, speculative. The script is consistent with a date in the mid-14th century and no king is mentioned other than an Edward. The style of the ascenders on the top line of some of the pages suggests the style of the 13th century, but that style is by no means confined to the 13th century, particularly, it would seem, when the scribe is seeking to be somewhat retardataire. The clearest clues that we have so far found as to a date are on fol. 4r, the first page of register. In the writ to the bailiffs of the queen, she is named as ‘Phe’, almost certainly Philippa of Hainaut, who was queen of England from 1330 until her death in 1369. Further down the page is a writ addressed to the bailiffs of the earl of Lancaster, which is marked ‘quando dominus fuit extra regnum’. The earl is almost certainly Henry of Grosmont, who went on a number of missions both diplomatic and military for Edward III, in the 1330s and 1340s. He was made duke of Lancaster in 1351, so the writ almost certainly dates from before that time. That does not necessarily mean that the register was written before that time, but it makes it likely enough to suggest a terminus ante quem of 1351.

The terminus post quem is easier. The initial writ of right patent styles the king as ‘rex Francie’. Edward III adopted this style in January of 1340 and used it until 1360. His style is given 28 times throughout the manuscript, and it always includes ‘rex Francie’. In only one of these is the attestation clause not completed cut off with an ‘etc’. On fol. 165v, the writ is tested at ‘Merton 28 etc’. We have not yet been able to find any time in the relevant years when the Chancery was dating royal documents at Merton, much less on the 28th day of any month. Hence, our tentative bracketing dates for the manuscript are 1340 X 1351.

The first three folios contain a list of contents of the register. Fol. 1r through fol. 3r tracks the contents of the register almost exactly, using the medieval foliation described above. On fol. 3v the list is somewhat less precise, reflecting, probably, the fact that there are fewer headers from our fol. 150 forward. The list stops with fol. 180 (our fol. 176), the last folio that is numbered in the medieval foliation.

Although the list from our fol. 150 forward is somewhat less precise and not complete, everything that is found in the list corresponds to something that is in the register, normally on the folios given in the list or within the range of folios given in the list. We can thus with some confidence reconstruct the contents of the missing quire from the contents list, the folio numbers being the medieval folios of the now missing folios between our fol. 153 and 154:

msfolwrit
150[De] intrusione
151[De] ingressu ad communem legem
152De dote recuperata vivente viro; De ingressu in causa provisa
153–154[De] ingressu in consimili casu
155Cessavit; Cessavit de cantaria; Contra formam collacionis
156–158Decepcio; Forma donacionis in discendere; Supersedeas de trans’ vi et armis

 

The last item is not quite right. Our fol. 154 (medieval fol. 158) does contain writs of formedon, but ‘Supersedeas de trans’ does not appear until our fol. 155r. The remaining entries in the list do, however, track the medieval foliation except that ‘De proteccionibus’, which is supposed to begin on medieval fol. 168 does not, in fact, begin until fol. 169. These errors could mean that a folio got inserted, but since all the rest of the entries do track, they are probably just errors.

The end of the manuscript poses some puzzles. The medieval fol. 180 is on our fol. 176r which contains a ‘Carta pacis in Hibernia’, which the indexer probably thought of as belonging in his category ‘De cartis perdonacions’. Fol. 176v is also foliated with the medieval fol. 180 and contains in the later script a case of idempnitate nominis, which can be included in the category of carte perdonacionis only by considerable stretch of that term. It also contains in the same script, and probably hand, an extract from a sample writ of trespass that does not fit the category at all. The blank space at the bottom of the page has an informal drawing of a dog and human profile. Here, the medieval foliation ends.

Fol. 177r contains a copy of the last page of the contents (fol. 3v), or, perhaps, fol. 3v is a copy of this page. Fol. 177v contains a copy of a justicies writ of debt issued in the name of King Richard [II] on 10 May of his first year (1378). The hand is not one that have seen before and would seem to be roughly contemporary with the date of the writ. The writ seems to have been written over text that was rubbed out.

Fol. 178r begins the third-to-last full quire in the manuscript. A cursive hand probably dating from early in the 16th century transcribes an audita querela to the sheriffs of London ‘ubi quis ?renditur [?retinetur] in statuto stapule infra etatem’. The obligation was apparently entered into on 13 August in year 21 of the king’s reign. Assuming, as seems likely on the basis of the script, that the king is Henry VIII, this would be 1529. The writ runs over to fol. 179v. The rest of this quire, the next quire, and first two folios of the last quire are headed with majuscules running from A to R. The rectos contain occasional names of writs written in gothic script that could be contemporary with the majuscules, which are clearly from the 16th century. The hand of the script is definitely not that of the writer of the 15th-century material in the main register. Other than that these folios are basically blank with an occasional drawing, pen trials, or, quite mysteriously, what seems to be a third of a page of code on fol. 200v.

The names of the writs on the final quires follow:

folletterwrit
180rAAlt’ [?read Accedas] ad Curiam in breve de recto — 10
194rPPone in breve recto 10 (repeated below in different hand)
196rRRecto patens 1; Recordari in breve rect’ 10

 

If we are willing to accept that what could be ‘io’ is really arabic‘10’, then what we are looking at here is relatively clear. It is the beginning of an alphabetical index of the writs such as that in HLS MS 26. The writ of right is on manuscript fol. 1. Manuscript fol. 10 contains a pone and a recordari in a writ of right. There is no Accedas ad curiam in the writ headers on manuscript fol. 10 but one of the regulae deals with it.

In summary, this is basically a large register dating from the second quarter of the 14th century. Probably in the 15th century, it fell into the hands of an owner who added or had added quite a few additional writs, with, it would seem, a particular focus on trespass. That owner is probably also responsible for some notes, some improvements in the descriptions of the writs, and the list of contents. Why he duplicated the last page of the contents at the beginning and end of manuscript, is a puzzle. Perhaps he started at the end, and then decided to do something more ambitious at the beginning. A 16th-century owner added the final three quires, putting in a long writ that interested him at the beginning. He probably intended to index the contents of the register. We can see the beginnings of a scheme, but the scheme was never executed. If we have the date right, he may not have continued because the printed register that first appeared in 1531 has a similar table at the beginning.

Everything that we know about our three owners would point to some kind of legal professional, a serjeant, an attorney, or a clerk. The basic script of the manuscript is work-a-day; the decoration is routine. The basic register is large, just the kind of thing that a lawyer or a clerk would want. Its contents are described in some detail in the conclusion to the Analysis of Writs. The 15th-century additions are technical and detailed. What the 16th-century owner planned is what a 16th-century lawyer or aspiring lawyer might plan to do with this manuscript. There is nothing about this manuscript that would connect it with royalty other than the binding. Indeed, at the very time when the binding seems to have been created, the manuscript seems to have belonged to a lawyer, who was planning additions. That, in turn, might lead one to think that the binding was supplied from another manuscript or that it is a forgery.

The Preliminary Analysis of Writs below contains rough transcriptions of the names of the writs found in the margins of the regiser. The conclusion to that table compares the structure and contents this register with those found in HLS MS 28 and Hall’s register ‘R’, both of which date from about a generation earlier than our register.

 

Summary Contents

Clicking on the item in question will open the first sequence for the item in the PDS in a new tab or window.

 

  Seq. Fol. No. Item  
7–12f. 1r–3v0Contents
Note: The headers provide a guide to way in which contemporaries were thinking about categories of writs, and we have used them even where they do not correspond to how we would divide the writs. The later additions, which are scattered throughout the register and do not necessarily conform to the category of writs being considered, are simply included in the broader category.
13–27f. 4r–11r1Writs of right: basic 
24–37f. 9v–16r2Writs of right: monstraverunt, recordari, de errore, de falso iudicio 
37–42f. 16r–18v3Writs of right: writs of attorney 
43–48f. 19r–21v4Writs of right: De execucione iudicii and miscellaneous 
49–61f. 22r–28r5Ecclesiastical writs: Basic 
62–73f. 28v–34r6Ecclesiastical writs: Prohibition 
74–82f. 34v–38v7Ecclesiastical writs: Consultation 
83–83f. 39r–39r8Ecclesiastical writs: De vi laica admovenda 
84–85f. 39v–40r9Ecclesiastical writs: Ne quis trahatur in placitum extra regnum 
86–95f. 40v–45r10Ecclesiastical writs: De excommunicato capiendo, including dependent supersedeas and scire facias 
96–104f. 45v–49v11Waste 
105–106f. 50r–50v12De homine replegiando 
107–113f. 51r–54r13Replevin: basic 
114–118f. 54v–56v14Replevin: Recordari, including de moderata misericordia 
119–120f. 57r–57v15De nativis habendis and de libertate probanda 
121–121f. 58r–58r16De minis 
122–148f. 58v–71v17Trespass: basic 
154–155f. 74v–75r18Trespass: de audiendo et terminando, including de errore 
156–157f. 75v–76r19De conspiracione and de odio et athia 
158–160f. 76v–77v20Trespass: additions 
161–166f. 78r–80v21Account 
167–167f. 81r–81r22Quod nullus implacitetur sine brevi 
168–176f. 81v–85v23Miscellaneous rights in land 
177–190f. 86r–92v24Debt 
192–195f. 93v–95r25Warranty of charter 
196–198f. 95v–96v26Annuity, including mesne 
199–207f. 97r–101r27Covenant, including levying of fines 
208–210f. 101v–102v28Dower 
210–217f. 102v–106r29Wardship and succession 
218–220f. 106v–107v30Escheat 
221–227f. 108r–111r31Writs of attorney 
227–246f. 111r–120v32Brevia de statuto
Note: The headers use the category ‘Brevia de statuto’ at the end of the section, but before they reach that they include a number of others: Ne fiant plures secte pro una hereditate, De contribucione facienda, Quod ille qui habet eius partem faciat sectam, Quod barones (in patria non commorantes) (homines de antiquo dominico) (coronatores) non ponantur in assisis, De trans’, De coronatore eligendo, Quod marescalli et senescallus non teneant placitum de libero tenemento, De Estrepamento, De manutencione.
247–262f. 121r–128v33Novel disseisin 
262–289f. 128v–142r34Novel disseisin: Redisseisin 
290–294f. 142v–144v35Mort d’ancestor 
295–300f. 145r–147v36De avo et consanguineo and nuper obiit 
301–301f. 148r–148r37Quare eiecit 
303–315f. 149r–155r38Entry 
316–320f. 155v–157v39Formedon 
321–335f. 158r–165r40Si sit ad dampnum 
336–352f. 165v–173v41Proteccio 
353–357f. 174r–176r42Charters of pardon 
358–364f. 176v–179v43Miscellaneous 

 

Detailed Contents

Clicking on the sequence number will open that sequence in the PDS in a new tab or window.

 

Seq. Fol. Label Header Sig.  
1Spine 
2Foredge 
3Front cover 
4Front pastedown with notes 
5Notes of ownership 
6Blank 
71rContents 
  Note: Written in script that is similar to the second hand of the main text, this lists the writs on each folio of the manuscript, using the medieval foliation described in the Introduction. At the head of this page is a note in a 16th-century cursive script that cites Fitzherbert’s Nouvel natural brevium, first published in 1534, so the note postdates the binding. The contents were written on irregularly sized pages. Later repair work has has expanded them, seemingly by putting a protective covering around them. For more on the contents list, see the Introduction.
81v 
92r 
102v 
113r 
123v 
134rWrits of right: basic2 
  Note: (1) The first line is decorated in the 13th century style. (2) The initial writ of right patent is addressed by a King Edward to the bailiffs of ?‘Coaltun’, which Baker reads as some place in Notts. (perhaps Colston Bassett, but there are many Coltons). There is no attestation clause. (3) The lord who is ‘extra regnum’ is the earl of Lancaster. (4) Each writ has a letter in the inner margin. (5) The signatures seem to be in the top right. This page is not foliated.
144vDe recto 
  Note: Marginalia.
155rDe recto custodi terre et heredis 
165vDe recto [dote] 
176rDe recto 
186vDe recto 
197rDe recto 
207vDe recto 
218rDe recto 
228vDe recto 
239rDe recto 
249vWrits of right: monstraverunt, recordari, de errore, de falso iudicioDe recto 
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’.
2510rDe recto 
2610vDe recto 
2711rDe recto 
2811vDe monstraveruntj 
2912rMonstraverunt3 (top of page) 
3012vDe Recordari in brevi de facto 
3113rDe recordari in brevi de recto etc’ 
3213vDe pone loquelam in brevi de recto 
3314rDe pone loquelam in brevi de recto 
3414vRecordari de falso iudicio 
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’.
3515rDe errore corrigendo 
3615vDe errore corrigendo 
3716rWrits of right: writs of attorneyDe falso iudicio pro eo qui petit admitti 
3816vde attornato 
3917rde attornato 
4017vde attornato 
4118rde attornato 
4218vde attornato 
4319rWrits of right: De execucione iudicii and miscellaneousDe execucione iudicii 
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’.
4419vDe execucione [Iudicij]ij 
  Note: ?Pen trials.
4520rDe execucione Iudicij et Certiorari1; 4 (top of page) 
4620vDe utlagaria adnullanda 
4721rDe warant’ [de servicio Regis]2 
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’.
4821vDe trans’ 
4922rEcclesiastical writs: BasicRepleg’ [et advocacionibus]3 
  Note: (1) Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’. (2) Tear in page stitched with thread.
5022vDe advocacionibus 
5123rDe advocacionibus4 
5223vDe advocacionibus 
5324rDe advocacionibus 
5424vDe advocacionibus 
5525rDe advocacionibus 
5625vDe advocacionibus 
5726rDe advocacionibus 
5826vDe advocacionibus 
5927rDe advocacionibus 
6027vDe advocacionibusiij 
6128rDe advocacionibus5 (top of page) 
6228vEcclesiastical writs: ProhibitionProhibicio 
6329rProhibicio 
6429vProhibicio 
6530rProhibicio 
6630vProhibicio 
6731rProhibicio 
6831vProhibicio 
6932rProhibicio 
7032vProhibicio 
7133rProhibicio 
7233vProhibicio 
7334r 
7434vEcclesiastical writs: ConsultationConsultacio 
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’.
7535rConsultacio 
7635vConsultacioiiij 
7736rConsultacio6 (top of page) 
7836vConsultacio 
7937rConsultacio 
8037vConsultacio 
8138rConsultacio 
8238vConsultacio 
8339rEcclesiastical writs: De vi laica admovendaDe vi laica admovenda39 (top of page) 
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’.
8439vEcclesiastical writs: Ne quis trahatur in placitum extra regnumNe quis trahatur in placitum extra regnum 
8540rNe quis trahatur in placitum extra regnum 
8640vEcclesiastical writs: De excommunicato capiendo, including dependent supersedeas and scire faciasDe excommunicato capiendo 
8741rDe excommunicato deliberando 
8841vDe caucione admittenda 
8942rSupersedeas 
9042vSupersedeas 
9143rSupersedeas 
9243vScire faciasv 
9344rScire facias7 (top of page) 
9444vScire facias 
9545rScire facias 
9645vWasteDe vasto72 (top of page) 
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’.
9746rDe vasto 
9846vDe vasto 
9947rDe vasto 
10047vDe vasto 
10148rDe vasto 
10248vDe vasto 
10349rDe vasto 
10449v 
  Note: Different hand.
10550rDe homine replegiandoRepleg’ 
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’.
10650vRepleg’ 
10751rReplevin: basicRepleg’ 
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’.
10851vRepleg’vj 
10952rRepleg’8 (top of page) 
11052vRepleg’ 
11153rRepleg’ 
11253vRepleg’ 
  Note: Marginalia.
11354rRepleg’ 
11454vReplevin: Recordari, including de moderata misericordiaRecordari 
  Note: (1) Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’. (2) Additional text added below the main text.
11555rRecordari 
11655vRecordari 
11756rRecordari 
11856vDe recordari 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
11957rDe nativis habendis and de libertate probandaDe Nativis habendis 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
12057vDe libertate probanda 
  Note: Decorated initials ’R’ with elaborate curlicues.
12158rDe minisDe minis 
  Note: (1) Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’. (2) Includes numbers 92 and 93 in inner margin.
12258vTrespass: basicDe trans’ 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
12359rDe trans’ 
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘R’.
12459vDe trans’vij 
12560rDe trans’9 (top of page) 
12660vDe trans’ 
12761rDe trans’ 
12861vDe trans’ 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘S’.
12962rDe trans’ 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
13062vDe trans’ 
13163rDe trans’ 
13263vDe trans’ 
13364rDe trans’ 
13464vDe trans’ 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
13565rDe trans’ 
13665vDe trans’ 
13766rDe trans’ 
13866vDe trans’ 
13967rDe trans’ 
14067vDe trans’ 
14168rDe trans’ 
14268vDe trans’ 
14369rDe trans’ 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘Q’.
14469vDe trans’ 
14570rDe trans’ 
14670vDe trans’ 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
14771rDe trans’ 
14871vDe trans’viij 
14972rDe audiendo et terminando10 (top of page) 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
15072vDe audiendo et terminando 
15173rDe trans’ [audiendo et terminando] 
15273vDe audiendo et terminando 
15374rDe audiendo et terminando75 (top of page) 
15474vTrespass: de audiendo et terminando, including de erroreDe procedendo ad iudicium et De errore 
15575rDe errore corrigendo 
15675vDe conspiracione and de odio et athiaDe conspiracione 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’.
15776rDe odio et athia 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
15876vTrespass: additionsDe trans’ 
15977rDe trans’ 
16077vTrans’ 
  Note: Most of text in a new ink.
16178rAccountDe compoto 
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’.
16278vDe compoto 
16379rDe compoto 
16479vDe compotoix 
  Note: Informal drawing of an ass holding a man armed with a spear and a shield.
16580rEx parte talis11 (top of page) 
16680vDe ex parte tallis 
16781rQuod nullus implacitetur sine breviQuod nullus implacitetur sine brevi 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
16881vMiscellaneous rights in landDe secta 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’.
16982rAd molendinum 
  Note: This page seems to written over text that has been rubbed out.
17082vDe pone stagno et via reparanda 
17183rDe Curia claudenda 
17283vQuod permittat de communa pasture 
17384rDe admensuracione pasture 
  Note: Much of the text appears to have been re-inked.
17484vDe attornato de admensuracione pasture 
17585rDe racionabilibus divisis 
17685vDe racionabilibus divisis 
  Note: Informal drawing of an ass upside down.
17786rDebtDe debito 
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’.
17886vDe debito 
17987rDe racionabili parte bonorum 
18087vQuod mulieres non distringantur pro debitis virorumx 
18188rsupersedeas de debito et att’ inde12 (top of page) 
18288vDe supersedias de debito 
18389rDe debito [super statutum mercatorium] 
18489vDe debito [super statutum mercatorium] 
18590rDe debito [recognicio in cancellaria] 
18690vDe debito 
18791rDe debito 
18891vDe debito 
18992rDe falso iudicio in debito 
19092vDe plegiis acquietandis 
19193rDe cartis reddendis 
19293vWarranty of charterDe Warantia carte 
19394rSupersedeas 
19494vDe Warant’ 
19595rDe warant’ 
19695vAnnuity, including mesneDe annuo reddituxj 
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’.
19796rIusticios [de medio]13 (top of page) 
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’.
19896vQuod tenens non distr’ domi medius paratus est 
19997rCovenant, including levying of finesDe convencione 
  Note: (1) Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’. (2) Grotesque.
20097vDe convencione 
20198rDe convencione 
20298vDe convencione100 (top of page) 
20399rDe[dimus potestatem] 
20499vDe[dimus potestatem quid iuris clamat] 
205100rDe[dimus potestatem in per que servicia] 
206100vDe transcripto pedis finis habendo 
207101rDe mittimus sub pede sigilli 
208101vDowerDe dote unde nihil habet 
  Note: Elaborately Decorated initial ‘E’.
209102rDe dote 
210102vWardship and successionDe Custodia terre et hered’ 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
211103rDe custodia terre 
212103vDe eieccione custodiexij 
213104rDe eieccione14 (top of page) 
214104vDe forisfactura maritagii 
215105rDe herede rapto in socagio 
216105vQuod tenens in dotem non distringatur pro relevio 
217106rDe valore maritagii pro executoribus 
218106vEscheatDe Escaeta 
219107rDe inquirendo 
220107vDe attornato 
221108rWrits of attorneyDe attornato 
222108vDe attornato 
223109rDe attornato 
224109vDe attornatoxiij 
225110rDe attornato15 (top of page) 
226110vDe attornato 
227111rBrevia de statutoNe fiant plures secte pro una hereditate 
228111vDe contribucione facienda 
229112rQuod ille qui habet eius partem faciat sectam 
230112vQuod barones non ponantur in assisis 
231113rQuod in patria non commorantes non ponantur etc’ 
232113vQuod homines de antiquo dominico non ponantur in assisis 
233114rQuod coronatores non ponantur in assisis 
234114vDe trans’ 
235115rDe coronatore eligendo 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
236115vDe coronatore eligendo 
237116rQuod marescalli et senescallus non teneant placitum de libero tenemento 
238116vDe Estrepamento 
239117rDe manutencione 
240117vBreve dexiiij 
241118rStatuto16 (top of page) 
242118vBreve 
243119rde statuto 
  Note: There is some medieval writing at the bottom of the page that then seems to have been crossed out with pencil or charcoal.
244119vBrevia 
245120rde statuto 
  Note: Part of text in a different hand.
246120vDe statuto 
  Note: Text in a different hand.
247121rNovel disseisinDe nova disseisina 
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’.
248121vDe nova 
249122rDisseisina 
250122vDe nova 
251123rDisseisina 
252123vNova 
253124rDisseisina25 (top of page) 
254124vNova 
255125rDisseisina 
256125vNovaxv 
257126rDisseisina14 
258126vNova 
259127rdisseisina 
260127vCertiorari de assisa nove disseisine 
261128rCertiorari pro dampnum 
262128vNovel disseisin: RedisseisinCertiorari pro redisseisina 
263129rDe recordo mittendis 
264129vDe recordo mittendis 
265130rDe recordo et processu mittendis 
266130vDe recordo et processu mittendis 
267131rDe recordo mittendis 
268131vDe recordo et processu mittendis 
269132rDe presentacione facta in turno vicecomitis mittendis 
270132vDe recordo quando breve pedibus de altiori et De decepcione 
271133rQuod Iustic’ viso scripto fac’ scire facere parti 
272133vDe recordo et carta reddend’ 
273134rRecordo processu et inquisicione mittenda quia interfecit se defend’ 
  Note: Informal drawing of a human face in profile with writing on it, which looks like ‘17’ with a suprascript ‘ao’.
274134vDe reddisseisina 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
275135rDe redd[isseisina] 
276135vRedisseisinaxvj 
277136rDe postdisseisina18 (top of page) 
278136vDe postdisseisina 
279137rAttincta 
280137vAttincta 
281138rDe attincta 
282138vDe attincta 
283139rDe attincta 
284139vDe attincta 
285140rDe attincta 
286140vQuod iusticiarii procedant 
287141rDe execucione Iudicii 
288141vde deliberando imprisonantum 
289142rDe supersedendo in levacione dampnorum 
290142vMort d’ancestor[Cut off] 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’.
291143rDe morte antecessoris 
292143vDe mort’xvij 
293144rantecessoris19 (top of page) 
294144vDe mort’ 
295145rDe avo et consanguineo and nuper obiitDe avo et Nuper obijt 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
296145vDe ventre inspiciendo 
297146rDiem clausit extremum 
298146vDe modo et causa capcionis 
  Note: Modern note in margin: George Griffith 5th September 1822.
299147rDe etate probanda 
300147vDe etate probanda 
301148rQuare eiecit 
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’.
302148v 
303149rEntry150 (top of page) 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’.
304149vDe ingressu 
305150rDe ingressu 
306150vDe ingressu 
307151rDe ingressu 
308151vDe ingressu 
309152rDe ingressu 
310152vAudita querela 
311153r 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’.
312153vDe ingressuxviij 
  Note: Modern note (or scribble): OWL.
313154r[cut off]20 (top of page) 
  Note: One quire missing before this one.
314154v[cut off] 
315155rDonacionis 
  Note: Part of text in a different hand.
316155vFormedonForma donacionis 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
317156rForma donacionis 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘R’.
318156vForma donacionis 
  Note: Part of text in a different hand.
319157r 
  Note: (1) Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’. (2) This page seems to be written over text that has been rubbed out.
320157vQuod ei deforciat 
  Note: Part of text in a different hand.
321158rSi sit ad dampnum 
322158vSi sit 
323159rAd dampnum 
324159vSi sit 
325160rDe dampnum 
326160vSi sit 
327161rAd dampnum 
328161vSi sit de dampnumxx 
329162rSi sit ad dampnum21 (top of page) 
330162vSi sit ad dampnum 
331163rSi sit ad dampnum 
332163vSi sit ad dampnum 
333164rSi sit ad dampnum dampnum 
334164vSi sit ad dampnum 
335165rSi sit ad dampnum 
336165vProteccio 
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’.
337166rProteccio 
338166v 
339167r 
340167vProteccio 
341168rProteccio 
342168vProteccio 
343169rProteccio 
344169vProteccioxxj 
345170rProteccio22 
346170vProteccio 
347171rProteccio 
348171vProteccio 
349172rProteccio 
350172vProteccio 
351173rProteccio 
352173v 
353174rCharters of pardon175 
  Note: Decorated initial ‘E’.
354174v 
355175r 
356175v 
357176r 
  Note: End of main register.
358176vMiscellaneousDe idemptitate nominis 
  Note: (1) Medieval foliation ends. (2) Later addition. (3) Informal drawing of a dog and human profile.
359177r178 
  Note: Duplicate of fol. 3v (last page of contents).
360177vIusticies 
  Note: Later addition.
361178r23 (top of page) 
  Note: Very late addition. See the Introduction.
362178v 
363179r 
364179v 
  Note: End of very late addition.
365180rA 
  Note: Basically blank folios, headed on the recto by a letter of the alphabet, occasional notes of writ titles on the recto and nothing on the verso. See the Introduction.
366180vBlank 
367181rB 
368181vBlank 
369182rC 
370182vBlank 
371183rD 
372183vBlank 
373184rE 
374184vBlank 
375185rF 
376185vBlank 
377186rG24 
378186vBlank 
379187rH 
380187vBlank 
381188rJ 
382188vBlank 
383189rK 
384189vBlank 
385190rL 
386190vBlank 
387191rM 
388191vBlank 
389192rN 
390192vBlank 
391193rO 
392193vBlank 
393194rP25 
394194vBlank 
395195rQ 
396195vBlank 
397196rR 
398196vBlank 
399197rBlank 
  Note: Final fols. before endpapers vermiculated.
400197vBlank 
401198rBlank 
402198vBlank 
403199rBlank 
404199vBlank 
405200rBlank 
406200vNotes in ?code 
  Note: Pen trial ’Remember man that’ [thou art dust], etc.
407201rBlank 
  Note: Perhaps original parchment cover.
408201vBlank 
409Pencil notes in modern hand 
  Note: Notes on the arms and the binding with reference to manuscripts in the BL.
410Blank 
411Back pastedown 
412Back cover 

 

Preliminary Analysis of the Register of Writs

 

 

No heading found

As indicated in the Introduction, the contents of this register almost certainly date from the second quarter of the 14th century, probably between 1340 and 1351, with additions that were probably made fairly early in the 15th century. The scribe of the original text omitted the marginalia from a number of the writs, although there are almost always marginal red or blue paragraph marks indicating where a new writ or entry begins. The 15th-century hand has filled in a number of them, but others remain just paragraph marks. We have indicated in our analysis what the 15th-century hand wrote by putting it in square brackets. Where there is just a paragraph mark that is indicated by ‘paragraph mark only’ in diamond brackets.

Two counts of the writs are given in the right-hand columns of the following table. The first counts all the writs for which there are marginal notes, excluding, however, the notes that are labelled ‘Regula’ or ‘Nota’. The second excludes from the total all the writs where the marginal note includes the words ‘eodem’ or ‘aliter’.

 

 

Seq.Fol.HeaderWrit(s)CountUniq
134rBreve de recto patens; Regula; aliter; Aliter quando dominus fuerit extra regnum; Regula; aliter; Ordo ponendi [particularum].54
144vDe recto[Nota mediet’]; Regula [et medietas sive non integrum etc’]; [Nota]; Regula; Regula; [Regula pur le tenire in breve de recto]; [Nota versus].00
155rDe recto custodi terre et heredis[Nota]; [De thoue fait feod milit’]; [Nota inde procell’ de maundra mise ?demittant et bone que est ?intier]; Regula; Regula; De recto custodi terre et heredis [R.]; Regula; Aliter [custod’ quando alterio quod]; Regula; [Aliter ?? domin ??]; Regula; Regula; Aliter in [london].52
165vDe recto [dote]Regula; Breve de recto de dote; Regula; Aliter [quando partem habeat et partem non]; Regula; Aliter de custoda gaole; Regula.31
176rDe rectoAliter; Regula; Breve de recto de racionabili parte; Regula; Regula.21
186vDe rectoRegula; Breve de recto Episcopis; Aliter Alibi; Regula; Aliter sede vacante; Aliter electo sede vacante; Breve de recto quando dominus Curie remittit domino Regi Curiam suam; Causa; Regula; Littera per quam dominus remittit Curiam suam.74
197rDe rectoDe recto de servicio feodi unius militis; Regula; Nota; Precipe in capite magna carta capitulo xxio oportet assidare quod tenementum tenetur de Rege in capite.22
207vDe rectoDe non intromittendo; Regula; De iniuste de exes; Pone ne iniuste vexes; de attornato de consuetudinibus et serviciis; Nota; Prohibicio vicecomiti ?directo [?should be de recto].55
218rDe rectoAliter; Aliter; Aliter ballivis Episcopis; Prohibicio in gavelkynd in hoc brevi debet ?minio magnam assisam sicut in precedenti; De eleccione facienda.52
228vDe rectoRegula; Regula; Regula; Regula; De recordo mittendis.11
239rDe recto[bis scriptus].11
249vDe rectosecundum consuetudinem manerii; Aliter; Aliter de communa pasture; Attachiamentum super dominum quando recusat tenere Curiam suam; Attachiamentum super ballivos quando recusant tenere Curiam domini ??.53
2510rDe rectoRegula; Regula; Breve quod vicecomes accedat in propria persona ad videndum quod plena iusticia exhibiatur pet’; Sicut alias; De recordo et racionabili iudicio pro petente quando ballivi nolunt procedere ad iudicium; Sicut alias; Cum pluries.55
2610vDe rectoQuod procedant in brevi de recto; [Regula]; De essonio de malo lecto.22
2711rDe rectoRegula; de attornato languidi recipiendi; Regula; Aliter de malo lecti; De licencia surgenti de malo lecti.32
2811vDe monstraveruntMonstravit pro hominibus de antiquo dominico Corone Anglie; Regula; De eodem vicecomiti; Regula; Attachiamentum.32
2912rMonstraveruntde attornato; Regula; breve de inquirendo utrum manerium sit de antiquo dominico necne; Nota; De attachiendo domini de antiquo dominico corone pro eo quod cepit bona hominum suorum pendente attachiamento.33
3012vDe Recordari in brevi de factoCausa ad removendum parvum breve de recto; Nota; De removendo breve de recto; Causa; De removendo breve de recto in Curia alicuius; Causa anno viio apud Ebor’ consign’.55
3113rDe recordari in brevi de recto etc’Regula; Recordari in brevi de recto secundum consuetudinem manerii; Causa; Regula; Causa; Causa ad removendum parvum breve de recto.44
3213vDe pone loquelam in brevi de rectoRegula; Regula; [Pone]; Regula; Regula; Pone pro defendente in brevi de recto.22
3314rDe pone loquelam in brevi de rectoCausa; Causa; Causa; Regula; Regula; Regula.33
3414vRecordari de falso iudicioRegula; [Aliter]; Aliter sine brevi; Aliter in hundredo cum brevi vel sine brevi; Aliter pro Abbate.40
3515rDe errore corrigendoAliter de frisca forcia; de attornato in brevi de falso iudicio; Aliter ad Curiam Cantuariae; Nota; Regula; De errore corrigendo.42
3615vDe errore corrigendoNota; Cum pluries.11
3716rDe falso iudicio pro eo qui petit admittiAliter de falso iudicio pro eo qui pecit se admitti; anno xo apud Ebor’; de attornato quando loquela retornata placitanda iuxta libertatem; de attornato quando quis petitur in auxilium; de attornato quando quis vocatur ad Warantum in duabus loquelis; Attornato dedimus potestatem; anno xo apud North’.76
3816vde attornatoBreve de attornato in Curia boronis in brevi de recto; de attornato in brevi de recto de racionabilis parte; de attornato en le iniuste vexes; Dedimus potestatem in dote pro vocato de Waranto; de attornato ad loquelas prosequendas sine brevi.55
3917rde attornatoNota; Regula; dedimus potestatem de attornato recipiendi; de attornato inde; de attornato quando tenens vocat ad warantum; dedimus potestatem de attornato removendo.44
4017vde attornatode attornato ammovendo et nullo substituendo; Regula; dedimus potestatem de attornato recipiendi; de attornato generali.33
4118rde attornatoAliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; de attornato generali in itinere.51
4218vde attornatodedimus potestatem inde; Dedimus potestatem de attornato recipiendi generali ca’ infirmit’; Dedimus potestatem de fidelit’ capiend’; Aliter; [Trans’].54
4319rDe execucione iudiciiDe execucione iudicii; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Regula; Aliter pro executoribus; sicut alias.82
4419vDe execucione [Iudicij]Cum pluries; Attachiamentum.22
4520rDe execucione Iudicij et Certioraride attornato; Aliter; [Certiorari].32
4620vDe utlagaria adnullanda[Insign’ tenuit]; [de utlagaria adnullanda].22
4721rDe warant’ [de servicio Regis]De Warantia de servicio domini Regis; Aliter; Nota; De Warantia Regis per testimonium Senescalli eo quod fuit coram eo; De Warantia de communi summonicione in itinere; Regula.43
4821vDe trans’[Transgressione facta ??]; [Trans’]; [Trans’]; [Trans’]; [Trans’].55
4922rRepleg’ [et advocacionibus]De terra replegianda; [cest br’ est custod’ per lestat de anno ixo E tercii capitulo iio]; Aliter; Nota; Aliter; Regula; Regula; De recto de advocacione ecclesie.53
5022vDe advocacionibusDe advocacione ecclesie; Aliter; Regula; Aliter; Regula; [de attornato]; [De ultima presentacione]; Aliter pro Rege; de attornato.74
5123rDe advocacionibusAttincta; De certificionibus utrum placitum pedeat in banco super quare impedit; de eodem episcopo.32
5223vDe advocacionibusRegula; Breve de advocacione decimarum; Regula; De ?recale quando clericus institutus poterit removeri si ius patr’ natus emicat’; Regula; Regula.22
5324rDe advocacionibusquare impedit anno viio apud Ebor’ consign’; Anno viio consign’; Quare impedit; Quare impedit pro Rege; Aliter racione custodie; Quare impedit pro alio; Aliter ad vicarium.75
5424vDe advocacionibusRegula; Aliter ad prebendam; de attornato; Regula; De admittat; Aliter; Aliter; Nota; Quare non admisit.63
5525rDe advocacionibusPone pro petente; Quare non admisit; Regula; Attachiamentum in le quare impedit pro Rege; Ne episcopus conferat alicui ecclesiam; Regula.44
5625vDe advocacionibusQuod clericus Regis manuteneatur appellacionis; Quare incumbravit; Breve quod dicitur utrum.33
5726rDe advocacionibusRegula; [anno xiiiio R iii capitulo xviio an’ p’ce ?viber’]; Aliter; Aliter de eodem; De eodem; de attornato in brevi de recto de utrum.52
5826vDe advocacionibusProhibicio de advocacione ecclesie iudicii; De eodem parti; Attachiamentum inde; Prohibicio de advocacione ecclesie pro Rege.43
5927rDe advocacionibusDe eodem de hospitali; De eodem de prebenda; Regula; Breve quod dicitur indicavit.31
6027vDe advocacionibusAliter; Aliter; Aliter parti; Aliter quando alicuis clamat de advocacione Regis; prohibicio de catallis et debitis.51
6128rDe advocacionibusAliter parti; Attachiamentum inde; Pro Rege; Non concedatur nisi impetrans fuerit ad minus infra sacres; Attachiamentum inde.54
6228vProhibicioProhibicio de laico feodo; Attachiamentum; Regula; Prohibicio de trans’; Inde parti.44
6329rProhibicioAttachiamentum inde coram iusticiariis; Prohibicio de trans’ pro Rege; Regula; Attachiamentum inde; de attornato in attachiamento pro clericus; Aliter.54
6429vProhibicioAliter; Prohibicio de decimis Regis; indicavit pro Rege.32
6530rProhibicioProhibicio formata quando mulier trahitur in placitum in Curia Xtianitatis quia appellat ?j; Prohibicio de decimis separatis; Attachiamentum inde in rei; Prohibicio de latrociniis iuxta vim indenture.44
6630vProhibicioRegula; Prohibicio de nova forma.11
6731rProhibicioProhibicio de catallis et debitis generalibus; Prohibicio super recogniciones in Curia Xtianitatis facte.22
6831vProhibicioAttachiamentum super prohibicio formata; Regula; Prohibicio quando iudex fatigat ipsum qui portat prohibicionem.22
6932rProhibicioAnno xo apud novum templ’ Londonie; Attachiamentum inde.22
7032vProhibicioProhibicio alia; Aliter; Nota.21
7133rProhibicioProhibicio alia; Attachiamentum.22
7233vProhibicioProhibicio alia; Prohibicio alia.22
7334rde recto iudicio faciendo; de administracione ecclesie accipienda.22
7434vConsultacioConsultacio de diffamacione; Consultacio de [mortu]ariis.22
7535rConsultacioConsultacio de decimis; consultacio de transgressione facta clerico.22
7635vConsultacioConsultacio de annua pensione; consultacio de trans’ pro capellano.22
7736rConsultacioConsultacio de usura.11
7836vConsultacioconsultacio de pecunia promissa causa matrimonii; consultacio de minutis decimis; [de silva cedua anno xvvo E capitulo iiio].33
7937rConsultacioconsultacio de legatis et de decimis; consultacio de transgressione facta capellano.22
8037vConsultacioConsultacio de eodem; consultacio de decimis super le indicavit.21
8138rConsultacioAliter de decimis.10
8238vConsultacioconsultacio de dampnis taxatis pro defectum in rectoria; consultacio de decimis; Nota.22
8339rDe vi laica admovendaLitter porrecta domino Rege de vi laica removenda; Breve vicecomiti de vi laica removenda; Nota; Quod clericus manuteneatur in possessione pendente appellacione.33
8439vNe quis trahatur in placitum extra regnumNe quis trahatur in causam extra regnum; Ne aliquis se transferat; Quod clerici Regis non compellantur ad residenciam.33
8540rNe quis trahatur in placitum extra regnumSicut aias; Attachiamentum ne quis trahatur in placitum extra regnum; Aliter; Regula; Pro excommunicato capiendo.43
8640vDe excommunicato capiendoAliter; Aliter; Aliter sicut alias; Cum pluries.41
8741rDe excommunicato deliberandoRegula; De excommunicato deliberando; Regula; De caucione admittendi; Inde vicecomiti.33
8841vDe caucione admittendaDe excommunicato recapiendo.11
8942rSupersedeasSupersedeas pendente placito attachiamenti; Nota; Regula; Supersedeas pro clerico.22
9042vSupersedeasSupersedeas pendente appellacione; Aliter; Regula; Supersedeas pro litteras specialies et instrumenta publica.32
9143rSupersedeasDe restitucione bonorum post purgacionem clerici; Aliter; Quod extra habitus ab ecclesia restituatur ab eadem.32
9243vScire faciasscire facias quare non debet supersederi capcione pendente appellacione; <Paragraph mark only>.22
9344rScire faciasNota; Nota; Nota; Scire facias.11
9545rScire facias[Trans’]; [De querela non manutenanda contra etc’].22
9645vDe vastovasto facto dotem; Regula; Aliter; Aliter ad vitam; Aliter pro religiosis; de attornato inde; Regula; Aliter in custod’; Aliter in dote ?utne infra ecclesie.72
9746rDe vastoDe vasto facto tenentem ad terminum vel annorum Glouc’ capitulo vio; W secundo capitulo xiiio; Aliter pro religiosis; Aliter ex dimissione ad v’; [Aliter ??]; Aliter contra executores; Aliter ex dimissione.72
9846vDe vastoAliter de assignacione ad vitam; Aliter ex assignacione; Aliter de attornato; Aliter per legem Anglie; Aliter pro indiviso W secundo capitulo xxiio verba statuti; Regula; De particione facta.61
9947rDe vastoRegula; Aliter de vivario; Aliter in le remanere; Aliter per finem; Regula; Aliter ex dimissione exec’.40
10047vDe vastoQuando tenens ad terminum vite dimittit stat’ suum; Remanere in finem in feodo talliato; Anno vio apud R’; Nota; Nota.33
10148rDe vastoDe vasto facto in novo casu; Aliter in le descendere pro herede; De vasto quando tenens ad terminum vite dimissit alii statum suum et ille alii qui fecit vastum; Aliter.42
10248vDe vastoAliter; apud Londoniam anno xio; Aliter.31
10349rDe vastoAliter; De ten’ tent’ per le Elegit; Aliter de eodem.31
10449vDe champertia; Trans’ bona; Trans’ per vicecomitem facta; Trans’.44
10550rRepleg’de homine replegiando; Nota; Cum pluries; Attachiamentum inde.33
10650vRepleg’Regula; Replegiare pro foresta; Regula; Nota.11
10751rRepleg’Replegiare de averiis; Sicut alias; Attachiamentum super le sicut alias; Nota; Regula; Ne omittas propter libertatem.44
10851vRepleg’Returnum vicecomitis; Sicut alias super le non omittas propter libertatem; Cum pluries super le sicut alias.33
10952rRepleg’Attachiamento super le cum pluries; De averiis capiendis in Wythernam’.22
11052vRepleg’Returnum vicecomitis; Returnum vicecomitis; Returnum vicecomitis; Returnum vicecomitis; De execucione facienda in Wythernam’.55
11153rRepleg’Regula; de custode admisso ad defendendum loquelas; Pone pro petente de averii; Regula; Pone pro defendente; Causa; Regula; Causa.55
11253vRepleg’Causa; Causa; Causa; Causa; Causa; Causa; Regula; Pone in Curia ad peticionem petentis.77
11354rRepleg’Causa; Causa pro defendente; Causa pro defendende; Causa pro petente; Causa pro petente; Causa pro defendente [loco istius datur breve de ?? adm’ anno iio G iiiio]; Causa pro pentente de attornato.77
11454vRecordariRecordari de averiis; Regula causa; Causa pro defendente; Aliter in Curia alicuius; Causa pro defendente.43
11555rRecordariAliter ad Wapentachium; Regula; Causa pro petente; Causa pro defendente; Aliter; Causa in Curia pro defendente que est diversorum dominorum; Breve coronatoribus quando vicecomes non returnat breve de pone.64
11655vRecordariBreve ad inquirendum de proprietate advocata de averiis vel catallis; Returnum vicecomitis; De recapcione averior ante le pone.33
11756rRecordariRegula; De recapcione averiorum post le pone; De recapcione averiorum post le recordari.22
11856vDe recordariDe moderata misericordia capienda; Regula; Attachiamentum; Regula; Regula de Nativis.22
11957rDe Nativis habendisRegula; Regula; Regula; Regula; Aliter.10
12057vDe libertate probandaDe libertate probanda; Aliter; De auxilio habendo ad distrigendos villanos; De tallagio habendo; De scutagio habendo; De auxilio habendo ad militem faciendum vel filiam maritandam; Regula.65
12158rDe minisDe minis; Regula; De trans’ post brevem de pace; De incendio domorum; Aliter in quinque portibus.43
12258vDe trans’De trans’ in comitatu; De bonis et catallis asportatis; De libera falda prostata; De ovibus ad certum terminum pastendis traditis fugatis; Aliter; De carta facta; De piscata pisce asport’; De fossato levato; De ?supercunita asport’; De equis abductis ad loca ignota Marl’ capitulo iio.109
12359rDe trans’De tauro ad terminum tradito et abducto; De ovibus imparcatis; De bonis asportatis pro executoribus; De porcis fugatis cum canibus; [de bonis pro ?? pecuniar’ prefect’]; De trans’ coram Rege.66
12459vDe trans’De forcio fracto; De cista facta et bonis asportatis; De imprisonamento et aliis enormis; De imprisonamento quousque finem fecerit; De clausa fracto et aliis enormiis; De herba depasta.66
12560rDe trans’De turbis fossis et arboribus successis; De equo et bonis et catallis arestatis; Regula; De Warenna fugata; De bladis et herbis asportatis; De cignis interfectis; De pullis esparvariorum; De denariis sig’ et asport’ [partially overwritten in fresh ink]; De domo fracta; De equis et bovibus defunctis.99
12660vDe trans’De barris succisis; De navibus cum victualibus abductis; De bonis et catallis et deneriis in pecunia munerata asportatis; Aliter de pecunia; De cartis scriptis quiet’ claud’ et rec’ asportatia; De quarera [?et quarell’].65
12761rDe trans’De carbonibus maritimis; De bladis conculcatis per carucas; De columbis captis; De columbario fracto; De gurgite pro fracto; De carucis fen’ cariatis subversi; De parco fracto et feris asportatis; De palis in ?percepcionis extractis; De canibus interfectis; De stallis fractis.1010
12861vDe trans’De clauso fracto et leporibus et cuniculis fugatis et asportatis; Regula; De equis et bovibus verberatis et oculis erutis; De terra inundata per subversionem aque; De parco inundato; De insulto facti uxori ante maritagium; De lanis ab ovibus abstractis; De morsu canum; De navi et victualibus abducta.88
12962rDe trans’Recordari de trans’; Causa; De transgressione facta tempore antecessoris; De non permittendo execucionem ?test’ fieri.44
13062vDe trans’De non permittendo averia replegiando; De animalibus iniusto captis nomine Wach’; De averiis ad loca ignota fugatis; Ne quis distringatur per averia carucarum.44
13163rDe trans’Regula; De averiis fugatis de uno comitatu in alium; De parco fracto et averiis abductis; De parco fracto; Aliter pro amerciamento; Aliter pro anno redditu; Aliter pro defalta.63
13263vDe trans’De rescussu averiorum; Aliter; De rescussu pro consuetudinibus et serviciis; aliter de eodem; Aliter in quodam anno redditu; Aliter pro execucione iudicii; Regula.62
13364rDe trans’Aliter de ovibus rescussis; De rescussu facto super attachiamentum hominis; Aliter; Aliter de parco fracto.41
13464vDe trans’Regula; De averiis captis extra feodum vel in regia via communi vel strata; Marl’e anno xiiiio; Aliter quando nullus ten’ de eo tenetur; Aliter.42
13565rDe trans’Aliter; Aliter; Aliter.30
13665vDe trans’Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter.50
13766rDe trans’Aliter; Audita querela in quinque portubus; Aliter audita querela; De rescussu.42
13866vDe trans’Aliter coram Rege; Aliter de admittendo custode; De Warenna ingressa et pullis esparvariorum captis; De clauset domibus fractis; De attachiamento fracto.53
13967rDe trans’Pro taxatore de rescussu; De rescussu; Breve contra vicecomitem quando permittit hominem captum per statutum mercatorum de libari ante satisfaccionem debiti.33
14067vDe trans’De attachiamento vicecomiti quando returnat non est inventus ubi defendens moram facit; Attachiamentum quando vicecomes permisit imprisonatum abire; Pro Abbate de bonis asportatis tempore advocacionis.33
14168rDe trans’De stagno fracto; De terra submersa; De trans’ quo minus theolon’ colligere possit; De trans’ de obcessione.44
14268vDe trans’De wall’ et fossatis fractis; Audita querela de disseisina facta in Northwall’; Audita querela de morte hominis; audita querela de redditu in quinque portibus; Anno xo de bladis et germinibus vinearum; Aliter anno xo; Aliter.75
14369rDe trans’Causa in recordo de trans’; Aliter; De rescussu facto ballivo Regis; De transgressione facta ante matrimonium; De navi abducti et bonis asportatis; De bladis messis herba falcata et arboribus successis.65
14469vDe trans’Aliter; De wrecco asportato quod pertinet ad dominum manerii; De transgressione facta in rebus defuncti anno viii apud Warr’; Aliter apud Ebor’ anno viii.42
14570rDe trans’Aliter apud Londoniam anno decimo; De cordis selde secatis.21
14670vDe trans’De furtis prostratis; De trans’ contra proteccionem; Inquisicio de trans’ contra proteccionem; Aliter.43
14771rDe trans’Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Attincta de trans’ coram Rege; Regula.61
14871vDe trans’Attincta de trans’; Patens inde; Attincta de trans’ in Nisi prius apud E; Aliter de attincta de loquela que fuit Reg’ infra libertatem returnum placitand’.43
14972rDe audiendo et terminandoAudiendo et terminando; Inde vicecomiti.22
15072vDe audiendo et terminandoAliter de trans’; Regula; <Paragraph mark only>.21
15173rDe trans’ [audiendo et terminando]Aliter audiendo et terminando de transgressione facta contra proteccionem; Regula; Aliter audiendo et terminando de rescussu facto ballivis domini Regis.20
15273vDe audiendo et terminandoAliter de bladis; Associacio in audiendo et terminando; Regula; Si non omnes in audiendo et terminando.32
15374rDe audiendo et terminandode attornato inde; dedimus potestatem; Audiendo et terminando in confinio; Regula; De recordo et processu; Quod inquisicio de trans’ capiatur per propinquiores.55
15474vDe procedendo ad iudicium et De erroreDe procedendo ad iudicium in Londonia in brevi de trans’; De errore corrigendo in Londonia in brevi de trans’; Inde maiori et vicecomiti admittendo recordum et processum.33
15575rDe errore corrigendoDe errore corrigendo in Londonia; Breve quando vicecomes recusat dare villam.22
15675vDe conspiracioneDe conspiracione; Aliter de morte hominis.21
15776rDe odio et athia[Aliter]; Regula; De odio et atia W prim’ capitulo xio.21
15876vDe trans’Regula; De ponendo in ballivum Glouc’ capitulo ixo; <Paragraph mark only>.22
15977rDe trans’<Paragraph mark only>; <Paragraph mark only>.22
16077vTrans’Trans’ de equo ?prandilent’ vendit’; De brases prandilent’ vendit’; Pro executoribus; Trans’ de minis fo’is tenentibus suis per quod etc’; Trans’ contra hospitatore’; De stagno molendini lapidibus impleto et blad’ falcat’ et salo slivers’ cum port’.66
16178rDe compotoDe compoto in Comitatu; Aliter pro executoribus; Aliter; Regula; Aliter; Aliter ad Bancum pro Abbate; Nota; Regula; Monstravit pro priore.62
16278vDe compotoRegula; monstravit vicecomitibus Londonie; <Paragraph mark only>.22
16379rDe compotoRegula; De compoto in socagio; de attornato in eodem; Aliter; Pone pro petente.42
16479vDe compoto<Paragraph mark only>; Causa pro defendente; de attornato de compoto pro defendente; De arestando ballivi pro arreragiis compoti; Marl’ capitulo xxiio; Westm’ secundo capitulo xi.66
16580rEx parte talisRegula; De admittendo arest’ arreragiis compoti per manucapcionem ad recitandum compotum coram Baronibus de scaccario; De inveniendo manucapcionem in cancellaria ad recitandum compotum coram Baronibus de scaccario.22
16680vDe ex parte tallisDe inveniendo manuc’ in scaccar’ coram thesaurario et baronibus de scaccario; Quando ballivus evasit de carcere.22
16781rQuod nullus implacitetur sine breviQuod nullus placitetur sine brevi Regis de libero tenemento; Attachiamento inde; de attornato inde; Quod nullus placitetur sine brevi de libero tenemento ad communem legem; De non faciendo consuetudines et servicia in debita; [Recognacio inter mercat’].66
16881vDe sectaDe secta ad molendinum in comitatu; Aliter ad bancum; Regula; Quod permittat villanos facere sectam in comitatu; De eodem ad bancum; Regula; De eodem in comitatu; <Paragraph mark only>; De molendino tento pro diviso reparando cum participibus.74
16982rAd molendinumRegula; De domo reparanda; De ponte et stagno reparando; Regula; <Paragraph mark only>; <Paragraph mark only>.44
17082vDe pone stagno et via reparanda<Paragraph mark only>; De via reparanda; Aliter de calceto; De pavimento reparando; de Curia claudenda in comitatu.54
17183rDe Curia claudendaDe eodem ad Bancum; Pone de eodem; Quod permitta haurire aquam; Quod permitta adaquare gregem; Quod permitta habere liberum taurum; Quod permittat habere racionabile estoverium; de attornato; De chimino habendo; De libera falda habenda; De piscaria habenda; Quod permittat habere liberum passagium; ?Regula.119
17283vQuod permittat de communa pastureQuod permittat ?W habere communa pasture; Aliter; Regula; Aliter; [Aliter]; [Aliter].51
17384rDe admensuracione pastureAliter; quod permittat de communa pasture; Regula; <Paragraph mark only>; De communa pasture; Regula; Nota; <Paragraph mark only>; Nota; de pastura admensuranda.65
17484vDe attornato de admensuracione pasturede attornato de admensuracione pasture; De secunda superoneracione; W secundo capitulo iiii; quod vicecomes procedat ad pasturam amensurandam per defaltam.44
17585rDe racionabilibus divisisPone de mensur’; pro defendente; de attornato in secunda superonerace; Regula; De racionabilibus divisis; Regula; [De perambulacione.55
17685vDe racionabilibus divisisPone de racionabilibus divisis; De visu franciplegii habend’; [Trans’]; [Trans’]; [Execucio iudic’]; [Trans’]; [Trans’]; [Certiorari de matrimonio et divorcio]; [Trans’].99
17786rDe debitoDe debito in Comitatu; Aliter; Aliter pro executoribus; Aliter contra executores; Regula; Aliter in Banco; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter.91
17886vDe debitoAliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter in Londonia; Regula; Pone de debito pro petente in Comitatu; Causa.72
17987rDe racionabili parte bonorumRecordari de debito in Comitu; Regula; Causa pro defendente; Quod mulieres habeant racionabiles partes de bonis virorum suorum; Aliter pro pueris.43
18087vQuod mulieres non distringantur pro debitis virorumAliter pro pueris; Anno quarto Quod mulieres non distringantur pro debitus virorum suorum; Aliter de Thesaurio et Baronibus.31
18188rsupersedeas de debito et att’ indeSupersedeas; Supersedeas; Attachiamentum; Regula.33
18288vDe supersedias de debitoSupersedeas de diversis querelis.11
18389rDe debito [super statutum mercatorium]De auxilio habendo ad debita levanda; Aliter; Aliter; de recognicione debitorum.42
18489vDe debito [super statutum mercatorium]Aliter ad duos terminos; Aliter quando clericus facerit recognicionem; Regula; Aliter contra clericum.30
18590rDe debito [recognicio in cancellaria]Quod clericus captus virtute statuti mercatorii; Aliter quod clericis non capiatur; De debito recognito in cancellaria; Aliter; Si recognoscat.53
18690vDe debitoAliter; Regula; Aliter; Aliter.30
18791rDe debitoAliter; Aliter; Aliter; De supersedendo de debito.41
18891vDe debitoAliter; Aliter; Nota; Aliter; Aliter; Regula.40
18992rDe falso iudicio in debitoDe certiorando de debito in scaccario; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; dedimus potestatem in recognicione; Aliter in cancellaria.62
19092vDe plegiis acquietandisAliter de attornato; de attornato in statuto mercatorum; De acquietando plegio; De eodem ad Bancum; Aliter; Aliter; De attornato inde; De acquietando.84
19193rDe cartis reddendis<Paragraph mark only>; Quod plegii non distringant dum principalis debitor est sufficiens; De cartis reddendis; Regula; De cartis reddendis; De pixide cum scriptum sigillatum reddenda; de attornato; de attornato; Pone pro petente.88
19293vDe Warantia carteRegula; De Warantia carte; de attornato; Supersedeas in brevi de recto; Et potest fieri attachiamentum inde; Aliter.54
19394rSupersedeasDe supersedendo in placito post vocacionem Waranti; Aliter; Nota.21
19494vDe Warant’Regula; Istud breve non fundatur super articulis; Aliter de attornato.21
19595rDe warant’Quando uxor admittitur ad ius defendendum et vocat forinsecum ad warantum; Aliter.21
19695vDe annuo reddituDe annuo redditu; Aliter ad Bancum; Regula; de attornato inde; Regula; De consuetudinibus et serviciis; de attornato inde; Regula.54
19796rIusticios [de medio]Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Nota; [De medio]; Aliter; de attornato inde.62
19896vQuod tenens non distr’ domi medius paratus estPone pro petente; Regula; Nota; Nota; Quod tenens non distringatur dum medius paratus est.22
19997rDe convencioneDe convencione; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Nota; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Nota; Nota.71
20097vDe convencioneAliter; Nota; Recordari in placito convenc’ apud Londoniam anno viiio; Causa.32
20198rDe convencioneDe convencione apud Ebor’ anno viii; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter.81
20298vDe convencioneAliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Recordari.81
20399rDe[dimus potestatem]Dedimus potestatem ad recipiendum cogniciones in bevi de convencione; Aliter; Dedimus potestatem in quid iuris.32
20499vDe[dimus potestatem quid iuris clamat]Aliter; Aliter; quod iusticiarii permittant finem levari de ten’ tent’ de Rege in capite; Dedimus potestatem capitali Iusticiario.42
205100rDe[dimus potestatem in per que servicia]dedimus potestatem in quid iuris clamat; Dedimus potestatem in per que servicia.22
206100vDe transcripto pedis finis habendoRegula; Regula; De fine facto; Aliter; De transcripto pedis finis habendo.32
207101rDe mittimus sub pede sigilliAliter; Aliter; Aliter.30
208101vDe dote unde nihil habetDe dote quando tenetur de Rege in capite; [?? cons’]; de attornato inde; Regula; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; In ?r’o de dote assignata in denariis.84
209102rDe doteAliter; Aliter; [De amensuracione dotis]; Aliter.41
210102vDe Custodia terre et hered’Pone de eodem; de attornato inde; Aliter de attornato; Aliter; [De custodia] terre et heredis; De eodem in comitatu; De custodia heredis cantum; De terra tantum.84
211103rDe custodia terreAliter racione dimissionis; Aliter racione custodie; Aliter; Regula; Regula; De custodia in socagio; Regula; Aliter; Aliter Pone; De eieccione custodie in socagio.72
212103vDe eieccione custodieRegula; De eieccione custodie terre et heredis; De eieccione custodie racione dimissionis exec’; De eieccione terre et heredis racione dimissionis et de bonis et catallis asportatis.33
213104rDe eieccione[Anno xi E iiio terris p’ De breve abat’]; De eieccione prioratus; De intrusione in hereditatem alicuius; De eieccione custodie racione dimissionis; De herede rapto W secund’ capitulo xxxviio.55
214104vDe forisfactura maritagiiRegula; Aliter quando ducitur de uno comitatu in alium; Regula; De forisfectura maritagii; De valore maritagii.32
215105rDe herede rapto in socagioDe herede rapto in socagio; Regula; Dedimus potestatem de custode admittendo; Quod Rex non teneatur facere servicia seu debita solvere pro terris que sunt in custodia sua in illi quibus huius custodiam dimisit; De forisfactura maritagii; De eieccione custodie.55
216105vQuod tenens in dotem non distringatur pro relevioAliter; apud Londoniam anno xo; Quod tenens in dotem non distringatur pro ?relimo.32
217106rDe valore maritagii pro executoribusDe valore maritagii pro executoribus; Regula; Aliter; [De intrusione her’].32
218106vDe EscaetaAliter; Regula; De escaeta; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; De inquirendo de quo ten’ capt’ in manu Regis racione felonio teneantur et de valore anni diei et vasti.62
219107rDe inquirendoDe inquirendo quartum terrarum et tenementorum felo tenuit die ?que fecit feloniam et de valore anni diei et vasti; Inquisicio anni diei et vasti; De seisina habenda post annum diem et vastum.33
220107vDe attornatoRegula; [Pro Rege]; [Aliter]; Littera faciendi attornatum; [Prohibicio ne exeat regnum].43
221108rDe attornatode attornato faciendo; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter per litteras patentes; Si non tenent in visu francii plegii; Aliter ballivis honoris.72
222108vDe attornatoRegula; Aliter; Quod tenens in custodia ex concessione Regis ea teneant quiete ab omni secta; Quod mulieres tenentes in dotem de huius custodia teneant quiete; Aliter.42
223109rDe attornatoAliter de eodem; Attachiamentum quando ballivus recusat recupere attornatum; Habeas etc’.32
224109vDe attornatoDe turno vicecomitis Marl’ capitulo ixo; Attachiamentum inde; De visu francii plegii; ad Curiam; Attachiamentum inde.55
225110rDe attornatoAliter pro viris religiosis; Aliter; Quod persona ecclesiastica non venat ad visu franci plegii pro ter’ ecclesie annexio; Pro personis Marl’ capitulo ixo in consimili casu; Aliter pro mulieribus; Regula; Quod mulieres non faciant sectam pro dote.63
226110vDe attornatoQuod mulieres habeant quarantena suam; Quod nullus distringantur contra formam feoffamenti; Regula; Attachiamentum inde.33
227111rNe fiant plures secte pro una hereditatede attornato; Regula; Nota; Ne fiant plures secte pro unica hereditate Marl’ capitulo viiio; Aliter de eodem; Aliter.42
228111vDe contribucione faciendaAliter; Aliter ad comitatum inter coheredes et similiter tenentes per vendicionem; Attachiamentum inde; Nota; [De contribucione facienda].42
229112rQuod ille qui habet eius partem faciat sectamAliter; Quod illo qui habet ?einetiam faciat sectam; Ne unicus heres faciat diversas sectas pro pluribus hereditatibus; Attachiamentum inde; Ne capiantur fines pro pulcre placitando.54
230112vQuod barones non ponantur in assisisAliter; Regula; Attachiamentum inde cornatoribus super vicecomitem; Attachiamentum vicecomiti super ballivos; de attornato; Quod barones non ponantur in assisis; Quod perpetuo languidi non ponantur in assisis; Quod clerici non ponantur in assisis.76
231113rQuod in patria non commorantes non ponantur etc’Quod homines non in patria commorantes non ponantur in assisis; Quod homines lxx annorum non ponantur in assisis; Attachiamentum inde; Quod homines xl solidatas terre non habentes non ponantur in assisis; Aliter de eodem ut apparet in statuto inde edito.54
232113vQuod homines de antiquo dominico non ponantur in assisisAttachiamentum; Quod homines de antiquo dominico non ponantur in assisis; Estrik’.33
233114rQuod coronatores non ponantur in assisisQuod tenentes de antiquo dominico non veniant ad visu franci plegii ad terminum vite; Quod coronatores non posantur in assis’; Quod viridarius non ponatur in assisis.33
234114vDe trans’[Trans’]; [Trans’]; [Trans’].33
235115rDe coronatore eligendoDe coronatore eligendo; De coronatore ammovendo quia alibi occupatur; De coronatore amovendo quia languidus est; Aliter; De ballivo ammovendo quia non habet terras seu tenementa in eodem Comitatu; Regula.53
236115vDe coronatore eligendoAliter; De viridario eligendo amoto per falsam suggestionem; Quod districciones relaxentur usque ?diem vic’ per securitatem; [Nota].32
237116rQuod marescalli et senescallus non teneant placitum de libero tenementoQuod non eligatur nisi miles coronator W primum; R’ marescall’ et senescall’ hospit’ sui s’.22
238116vDe EstrepamentoAliter; De uxore rapta W secund’ capitulo xxxiiiio; Quod non fiat estripementum pendente placito Glouc’ coram xlo.32
239117rDe manutencioneQuod plures secte non fiant pro unica hereditate Marl’ capitulo viiio Estrik anno viio; De manutenentibus placita pro proficuo habend’; [de recto]; Aliter.43
240117vBreve deDe adnullando recogniciones per vim et duriciam factas.11
241118rStatutoSupersedeas pendente placito ad adnullandum recognicionem per vim et duriciam; quod vicecomes ponat inquis’ magis propinquos et magis sufficientes.22
242118vBreveQuod districcio non fiat in via regia nec in feodis ecclesie de quibus olim sine detate; Articuli cleri capitulo ixo; Aliter; Regula.32
243119rde statutoQuod iuratores non capiantur de una parte et de alia; <Paragraph mark only>; Aliter.32
244119vBreviaAliter; Aliter; Aliter.30
245120rde statuto[Aliter]; Ne quis occasionentur pro capcione Hugh le Despenser; [Trans].32
246120vDe statuto[Trans]; [Trans]; [Trans]; [Trans].44
247121rDe nova disseisinaNov disseisina ad primam assisam; Regula; Aliter coram Rege vel Iusticiariis de Banco; Nota; coram iusticiariis assignatis; Patens inde.43
248121vDe nova[Regula]; Nota; de attornato; Nota.11
249122rDisseisinaAssisa de ?? paste; Aliter; Patens inde; Regula; Nota; Regula.32
250122vDe novaAliter in confinio; Aliter; Aliter; Paten in confino; [de nocumento].52
251123rDisseisinaPatens inde; versus; Nota; De domo iniuste levata; Regula; de attornato inde; Regula; Aliter.54
252123vNovaDe stagno; De via; De cursu aque diverso; De via inter extraneas personas; de attornato in quod permittat; Regula; <Paragraph mark only>; Pone de domo; Nota; Nota.77
253124rDisseisinaDe mercato; Nota; de attornato in assisa nove disseisine; Quando assisa arramiata est coram aliquibus Iusticiariis et capt’ coram al’; Aliter quando assisa adiornata coram Rege; Aliter procustode.53
254124vNovaNota; De custode ammovendo et alium substituendo; Nota; Certficacio nove disesieine; Aliter coram Iusticiariis ad primam assisam; Aliter coram Iusticiariis apud Westm’; Aliter coram nobis; Patens inde.63
255125rDisseisinade attornato; associacio unius tribus vel duobus et formatur super le si non etc’; Regula.22
256125vNovaPatens inde; Associacio in attincta; Si non omnes.33
257126rDisseisinaSi non omnes; Si non omnes in attincta; Quod unus iusticiarius vacare non potest ad omnes assisas; Patens inde.44
258126vNovaAliter quando Iusticiarius diem clausit extremum; Regula; Inde vicecomiti; Patens inde; Aliter de sepe; Aliter in certificacione; De recordo et processu nove disseisine.63
259127rdisseisinaAliter de via artata; Mittimus recordum et processum; <Paragraph mark only>; Regula; Aliter in certificacione.42
260127vCertiorari de assisa nove disseisineAliter; Aliter Thesaurio et Baronibus de scaccario; <Paragraph mark only>.31
261128rCertiorari pro dampnumDe dampnis levandis; Aliter.21
262128vCertiorari pro redisseisinaDe reddisseisina; Aliter thesaurario de recordo et processu assise mittendis quia alia assisa arramiata est de eodem ten’.20
263129rDe recordo mittendisMittimus sub pede sigilli; De recordo et processu mittendo; De recordo et processu mittendo in cancellaria; Mittimus recordum et processum.44
264129vDe recordo mittendisAliter; Aliter.20
265130rDe recordo et processu mittendisAliter; de recordo et processu mittendis de utlagat’ in cancellaria; Aliter ad certificandum Canc’ de satisfaccione dampnum; de recordo et processu execucione iudicii.42
266130vDe recordo et processu mittendisde recordo et processu ad errorem corrigendum; De recordo et processu.22
267131rDe recordo mittendisAliter; de attornato coram rege in recordo et processu assise; Quando capitalis Iusticiarius amovetur et alius etc’ dimittendo recordum et processum.32
268131vDe recordo et processu mittendisde mittendo recordum et processum coram Rege ad levandum dampnum in assisa frisce forcie; Quando capitalis Iusticiarius in Curia mortuus est et alius loco suo constituitur.22
269132rDe presentacione facta in turno vicecomitis mittendisDe presentacione facta in turno vicecomitis mittenda coram Rege; de recordo et processu as mittendis coram Reg ad capiendi diss’ propter diss’ vi et armis factam.22
270132vDe recordo quando breve pedibus de altiori et De decepcionede recordo et processu que allegatur in assisa quod breve de alciori natura pendet inter partes; Mittimus inde; Breve de decepcione super attinctam de servic’ domini Regis.33
271133rQuod Iustic’ viso scripto fac’ scire facere partiQuod Iustic’ viso scripto fac’ scire parti qu prius recuperavit contra factum suum proprium.11
272133vDe recordo et carta reddend’Mittimus pro dampnis levandis; de recordo et carta reddenda.22
273134rRecordo processu et inquisicione mittenda quia interfecit se defend’De carta liberanda; de recordo et processu inquisicionis mittendis quia interfecit se defendendo.22
274134vDe reddisseisinaDe redisseisina merton capitulo iiio Marl’ capitulo viio W’ secundum capitulo xxl; Nota; Regula; associacio in reddisseisina.22
275135rDe redd[isseisina]Regula; De stagno; Aliter; De communa pasture coram specialibus Iustic’ recuperanda.32
276135vRedisseisinaDe quadam via artata; Aliter de custodia dominicarum terrarum et part’.21
277136rDe postdisseisinaAliter; Aliter; Regula; De postdisseisina; Regula.31
278136vDe postdisseisinaAliter; cum pluries de reddisseisina; Aliter; Attincta nove disseisine.42
279137rAttinctaAliter; Aliter; de attornato in attincta.31
280137vAttinctaAttincta inquis’ capt’ coram Iusticiariis apud W’; Attincta de via artata; Regula; Aliter.32
281138rDe attinctaAliter quando iur’ capta fuit inter partes Warant’; Quando ?sum’ coram aliquibus Iusticiariis et capt’ coram aliis; Aliter in Warant’; Aliter in brevi de racionabili parte; Attincta in reddisseisina; Attincta coram Iusticiariis de Banco.63
282138vDe attinctaApud Ebor’ Anno viii; Attincta mortis antecessoris; Patens inde; Aliter.43
283139rDe attinctaPer breve de privato sigillo; Quod assisa capiatur per propinquiores; Aliter in attincta; Aliter.42
284139vDe attinctaAliter in confinio; Aliter in attincta; Inde vicecomiti; quod iusticiarii procedant ad capcionem assise.42
285140rDe attinctaAliter; Aliter in attincta; quod iusticiarii itinerantes procedant ad capcionem assise; quod iusticiarii procedant ad iudicium; Aliter.52
286140vQuod iusticiarii procedantAliter de ultima presentacione; Aliter; quod iusticiarii procedant ad capcionem assise non expectato termino stat’ per Iusticiarios assign’; Nota; Breve ad constituendum Iusticiarium ad omnes assisas.42
287141rDe execucione IudiciiSi non omnes; Quod omnibus aliis pretermissis capiant assisas; De execucione iudicii in assisa nove disseisine; De execucione iudicii in reddisseisine; De sine pro reddisseisina.55
288141vde deliberando imprisonantumaliter vicecomiti; De racionabili fine capienda; De hominibus attinctis deliberandis; quod iusticiarii procedant ad calumpniandum iur’ assise.44
289142rDe supersedendo in levacione dampnorumDe supersedendo in levacione dampnorum; <Paragraph mark only>.22
290142v[Cut off]De morte antecessoris; Aliter secundum statutum Glouc’ capitulo vio Regula; Patens inde; Aliter pro illo qui est infra etatem.31
291143rDe morte antecessorisRegula; De redditu; De corodio; Quod antecessor moriebatur in peregrinando; Quando antecessor habitum religionis assumpsit.44
292143vDe mort’Regula; de attornato; Associacio ad dubitaciones audiendas; Nota; Attincta mortis antecessoris.33
293144rantecessorisAliter; Patens inde; de recordo et processu assise mortis antecessoris mittendis; Aliter.42
294144vDe mort’Nota.00
295145rDe avo et Nuper obijtDe avo et avia; Nuper obiit; Nota; Attachiamentum inde inter assisas; Regula; de attornato inde; Regula.44
296145vDe ventre inspiciendoNota; De ventre inspiciendo.11
297146rDiem clausit extremumDiem clausit extremum; Aliter; Super modo causa capcionis; Aliter.42
298146vDe modo et causa capcionisDe seisina habenda; Aliter; De modo et causa capcionis; De etate probanda.43
299147rDe etate probandaRegula; Aliter coram iusticiariis assignatis; Aliter; Inde vicecomiti.31
300147vDe etate probandaRegula; Super modo et causa capcionis.11
301148rQuare eiecit infra terminum; de attornato inde; De eieccione firme; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter.73
303149rDe ingressu ad terminum qui preteriit; Aliter; Nota; <Paragraph mark only>; Regula; In secundo gradu; Post dimissionem; In primo gradu cum titulo.65
304149vDe ingressuIn secundo gradu cum titulo; Post dimissione cum titulo; Regula; Nota; Regula.22
305150rDe ingressuDum non fuit compos mentis; In le per; In le post; Cum titulo in primo gradu; In le cui; In le post; de attornato inde; Quando infre etatem fuit; In le cui; In le post; Regula; Cum titulo.1111
306150vDe ingressuIn le per et cui; In le post; Regula; Nota; De ingressu per disseisinam; In le per cum titulo et sine titulo; Cum titulo in le per et cui; In le post cum titulo et sine.66
307151rDe ingressuPro religiosis in le post; Regula; De ingressu sine assensu et voluntate capituli Nota; Regula.11
Note: The final ‘Nota’ may be its own writ.
308151vDe ingressuCum tenens ad vitam disseis’ et moritur in eodem statu; Nota; De ingressu de Cantaria; Regula; Regula; Regula; Regula.21
309152rDe ingressuRegula; Regula; Regula; De ingressu sine licencia Decani et Capituli pro prebendario; Anno x apud Ebor’.22
310152vAudita querelaAudita querela; Aliter.21
311153rDe ingressu cui in vita pro muliere W secundum capitulo iiio; Aliter de eodem; Aliter quando clamat tenere ad vitam; In le cui; In le post; Aliter ante divorcium; Regula.63
312153vDe ingressuRegula; Capitulo matromonii prelocuto; Aliter; Post; Causa matrimonii pro herede; Regula; Cui in vita pro herede; Cui; Post.76
313154r[cut off]Aliter; Aliter; De proparte.31
314154v[cut off]<Paragraph mark only>; Regula.11
Note: ulls’ written faintly in margin in later script.
315155rDonacionisAliter; Supersedeas de transgressione facta vi et armis.21
316155vForma donacionisForma donacionis in le reverti; Quando habitum religionis assumpsit.22
317156rForma donacionisForma donacionis in le remanere; Aliter; Aliter; De proparte; Regula.42
318156vForma donacionisNota; Decepcio.11
319157r[Ex gravi querela]; <Paragraph mark only>; <Paragraph mark only>; <Paragraph mark only>; Aliter in Londonia.54
320157vQuod ei deforciatAliter in le remanere; De dote amissa per defaltam; De libero maritagio; Regula; [Quod ei deforc’].43
321158rSi sit ad dampnum.11
322158vSi sitRegula; Aliter in escambium.10
323159rAd dampnumRegula; Nota; Aliter de redditu remittendo relaxando et quiet’ clamand’; Aliter quando tenetur de Rege in capite.20
324159vSi sitDe terra assignanda et advocacione aproprianda; De ecclesia aproprianda; Pro abbate de redditu dande celle.33
325160rDe dampnumRegula; Aliter in le refeoffare; Aliter in le remanere; De tenementis tentis ad terminum vite.31
326160vSi sitDe terra adquisita sine licencia Regis rehabenda; Ad terminum vite in le retinere.22
327161rAd dampnumDe feodo calliato; De religiosis; Regula.22
328161vSi sit de dampnumAliter de refeoffando et reversionem concedendo.10
329162rSi sit ad dampnumCustodi’ forma de Ingelwod’.11
330162vSi sit ad dampnumDe balliva Forestarie; De via includenda; Parco faciendo.33
331163rSi sit ad dampnumIn partem satisfactoris; Pro monialibus; Aliter; Aliter quando tenementis tenentis de Rege in capite licensia super hoc non optenta.42
332163vSi sit ad dampnumAliter in le remanere; In le remanere.21
333164rSi sit ad dampnum dampnumaliter vicecomiti in le retinere; De terra assignanda ad divina pro ?animal’ in domo aliqua celebrand’; Carta de inquis’ facta de foresta.33
334164vSi sit ad dampnumAliter de conductu; Aliter.20
335165rSi sit ad dampnumAliter.10
336165vProteccio; Aliter in Curia magnatis; Aliter; Aliter in municione Castri.41
337166rProteccioProteccio generalis cum clausula volumus quod de bladis; Aliter pro seculari; Aliter; De conductu ad partes trans’.42
338166vAliter; Aliter; Aliter pro mercatoribus.30
339167rAliter; Quod mercatores extranei et alienigene non prestent muragium panagium et pontagium ??.21
340167vProteccioDe theolonio muragio panagio et hansagio non prestando; Regula; cum pluries.22
341168rProteccioAttachiamentum inde; Aliter.21
342168vProteccioAliter; cum pluries; Aliter cum pluries.31
343169rProteccioDe theolonio pro personis ecclesiasticis; De non distringendo persona ecclesiastica pro theolonio; Aliter; De theolonio pro tenentibus secundum consuetudinem manerii.43
344169vProteccioAliter; Aliter.20
345170rProteccioManucapcio ad attinctam in brevi de trans’; De fine cap’ pro coronat’ deliberand’ qui committis ?fui’ de concelend’ in alescores W’m prim’ anno x.22
346170vProteccioQuod Abbas non contribuat expen’ ?homini in itinere per ten’ que tenet in Curia clemes’; De libertate allocandi.22
347171rProteccioAliter; de attornato inde; Aliter.31
348171vProteccioDe libertate allocandi abbati; De certiorando; Ad filiam maritandam.33
349172rProteccioDe expensis militum.11
350172vProteccioAliter de libertate; Aliter; De libertate allocandi.31
351173rProteccioAliter.10
353174rpro relig’ licenc’ transfretand’; Aliter; Aliter; Aliter de corrodio.41
354174vCum pluries.11
355175rAttachiamentum; De certiorando.22
356175vCarta pardonacionis de morte hominis; de recordo et processu in convencione in Comitatu Cestrie.22
357176rCarta pacis in hibernia; Breve inde.22
358176vDe idemptitate nominisTrans’.11
361178rAudita querela ubi quis ?renditur [?retinetur] in statuto stapule infra etatem.11
Total:1271867

 

 

 

The totals are large: 1271(867). If we wish, we can add to that the 11 writs that were probably on the missing quire (see the Introduction). If we do that, however, then we probably should try to exclude the writs that were added, probably early in the 15th century. There would seem to be 13 of these included in the count, to which we should add the 16th-century addition on fol. 178r–179v. Whether we take the number from the table or that derived from the inclusions and exclusions, 1268(864), we are clearly in the right ball park for statistical purposes.

The total is quite a bit larger than Hall’s register ‘R’. Using the first of the two numbers, which gives a total close to the way in which Hall counted the writs in R, we have 1271 or 1268, as opposed to Hall’s 886. Our register was probably compiled 25 or 30 years after Hall’s R. The intervening years seem to have made a difference.

HLS MS 28 is roughly contemporary with Hall’s R. In the conclusion to the analysis of the writs in MS 28, we compared the structure of the two. They were quite similar, though not quite the same. The same can be said of this register, when compared with the other two.

Like MS 28 and Hall’s R, our register begins with the writ of right with its variants and subprocedures (fol. 4r–21r; MS 28 fol. 61r–69r; R1–R75). It is, however, considerably larger (18 folios vs. 9 in MS 28; 128 writs vs. 75 in R). The headers divide it into four subsections.

All three registers then have a broad section dealing with ecclesiastical writs without regard to the type of writ (right of advowson, darein presentement, quare impedit, prohibition, consultation, de excommunicato capiendo) (fol. 22r–45r; fol. 69v–80v in MS 28; R76–R161). This section is also considerably larger than it is in the other two (25 folios vs. 12 in MS 28; 143 writs vs. 63 in R). The headers divide it into six subsections.

Waste follows in all three registers. In none of them is it very large, but it is larger in ours than it is in the others (fol. 45v–49r; fol. 80v–82r in MS 28; R162–R180) (5 folios vs. 1.5 in MS 28; 39 writs vs. 9 in R).

Replevin follows in all three registers (fol. 50r–56r; fol. 82v–88v in MS 28; R181–R243). Here, if anything, our register appears a bit shorter (7 folios vs. 8 in MS 28; 52 writs vs. 63 in R). The differences are almost certainly not statistically significant, but they probably indicate that the maker of our register was not interested in expanding the examples of replevin writs as he had in the preceding categories.

As in MS 28 and R, our register includes a brief section that we called ‘rights of lordship’ in the other two (de nativis habendis and de libertate probanda, but including aid, tallage, and scutage) (fol. 56v–57r; fol. 89r–90r in MS 28; R244–R252). The headers in our register focus on the first two. The scope of this section in all three registers is approximately the same (2 folios vs. 1.5 in MS 28; 9 writs vs. 9 in R).

Unlike MS 28 but like R, our section dealing, broadly speaking, with trespass and crime begins with the writ de minis. As in all three registers, civil trespass precedes anything that we might call criminal (de conspiracione, de odio et athia). None of the registers devotes much space to the criminal. Unlike the other two, ours briefly returns to civil trespass after it deals with the criminal. Comparison of the coverage is best made by considering the whole broad section (fol. 58r–77v; fol. 90v–102r in MS 28; R257–R411). Once more, our register is fuller than MS 28 (20.5 folios vs. 13 in MS 28), but not much more than R (180 writs vs. 155 in R).

Account follows as a separate category in our register, whereas it is mixed in with writs concerning rights in land in both MS 28 and R, both of which are very skimpy on the topic. The better part of one page (fol. 81r) is devoted Quod nullus placiteur sine bevi Regis de libero tenemnto. This has no parallel in the other two registers. There follows a section that deals with rights in land, including de racionalibus divisis (fol. 81v–85v), but not mesne, which is treated after debt (fol. 96r–96v). Comparison with the other two registers can only be approximate because these topics are all jumbled up in those registers, but broadly speaking these topics are found in fol. 103r–107r in MS 28, R412–R475 in R, a total of 5.5 folios in MS 28 and 64 writs in R. The corresponding numbers in our register are 8 (fol. 78r–80v, 81r–85v, 96r–96v) and 59, approximately the same numbers but somewhat better organized.

Both MS 28 and R have reasonably coherent sections that treat with debt, detinue, and convent, the latter leading to de fine facto (fol. 107v–114r in MS 28; R478–R555). Our register treats with those topics in that order but it intersperses between debt and covenant warranty of charter, annuity, customs and services, and mesne, and devotes more space to the making and enforcement of fines. The result is considerably longer than the other two registers (16.5 folios vs. 7.5 in MS 28; 146 writs vs. 78 in R).

Like MS 28 and unlike R, our register next considers dower (fol. 101v–102r). Like R, and unlike MS 28, it then moves to wardship and succession (fol. 102v–107r). Writs about making attorney follow, as they do in R (fol. 107v–110v). R considers wardship and succession before dower. Otherwise, our register follows the order of R. MS 28 has making attorney jammed in between dower and wardship and marriage. The totals for the three groups are 7 folios in MS 28 (fol. 114v–122r), 65 writs in R (R556–R620), and 10 folios and 90 writs in our register.

Our register then has a section that has no equivalent in either MS 28 or R, although the section in MS 28 on those who do not have to appear at assizes (fol. 122v–124r) and the somewhat broader parallel section in R (R614–R633) anticipate it. The headers in our register eventually settle on a general name for this section, ‘brevia de statuto’, but before it gets there it is specific: Ne fiant plures secte pro una hereditate, De contribucione facienda, Quod ille qui habet eius partem faciat sectam, Quod barones (or in patria non commorantes, or homines de antiquo dominico, or coronatores) non ponantur in assisis, De trans’, De coronatore eligendo, Quod marescalli et senescallus non teneant placitum de libero tenemento, De Estrepamento, De manutencione. Those who do not have appear at assizes are there, but the section is much broader. Not all of them cite statutory authority, but some of them do; we are aware of statutory authority for others. For example, the writ de manutencione could well have been thought to have been authorized by one, or some combination of, the statutes of Edward I cited in J. Rose, Maintenance in Medieval England (Cambridge: CUP, 2017), 30. We rather suspect that statutes or ordinances could be found to support all of them, but some of them may have their origins in royal writs for particular people that were then generalized. The result, once more is a longer section than that found in MS 28 or R (6 folios vs. 1.5 in MS 28; 31 writs vs. 20 in R).

Novel disseisin and mort d’ancestor (fol. 121r–147v), their spinoffs and related writs have, of course, their parallels in MS 28 (fol. 125v–135r) and R (R645–R766). Once more they are longer in our register (27.5 folios vs. 11 in MS 28; 178 writs vs. 122 in R). The same cannot be said of entry and formedon (fol. 148r–157r; fol. 135r–148r in MS 28; R767–R874). This section is longer in MS 28 and much longer in R (5.5 folios vs. 14 in MS 28; 35 writs vs. 107 in R). We should recall that our manuscript is lacking eight folios in this section, and we know that there were 11 separate headings in this section. It is highly unlikely, however, that it was as extensive on this topic as is R, and it may not have been as extensive as it is in MS 28.

There is very little in MS 28 after formedon. Both our register and R contain ‘administrative’ sections after formedon (fol. 158r–176r; R875–R886), which the headers in our manuscript divide between ‘Si sit ad dampnum’ and ‘Proteccio’. The same type of material is found in R, but there is much less of it (84 writs vs. 12 in R).

Our register is clearly of the same type as MS 28 and R. It is somewhat better organized, and except for entry and formedon it contains a considerable amount more material. In terms of the organizational ideas that seem to underlie it, we might point to ‘brevia de statuto’. The idea, but not the term, may be there in R. This is the earliest that we have found the term, and it has not yet been expanded to all that it might include, although such writs are right before it. (We also found the category ‘brevia de statuto’ in HLS MS 52, which we dated, with some hesitancy, around 1300.) The other thing that we might point to is the expansion of the category of what seem to largely ‘administrative’ writs following formedon. This category will expand considerably as the century goes on.