Untitled Document
Bio-Bibliographical Guide to Medieval and Early Modern Jurists

Ames Projects

Click on image for more information

 

 

Report No. t011

Antonius de Mattheis Romanus

fl. 1541–1562

 

Alternative Names

Antonio de Mattei; Antonio Mattei

 

Biography/Description

A. is remarkable both for the dearth of information available about him and for the many people of the same name from whom he is to be distinguished. As will be seen below, he seems to have been alive and publishing between 1541 and 1562. That allows us to exclude on chronological grounds: the German lawyer Anton de Matthäus (1601–1654), author of the oft-cited Commentarius de criminibus (1644) and one of five lawyers in his family to possess that name across the generations (German Wikipedia); Antonius de Matt(ha)eises, the noble husband of Lavinia Cesarini (married before 1490), who was also the son of Battista Matthei and brother of a young scapegrace whose flight from prison may have been abetted by Pope Julius II (Leopardi, p. 70; Bicci, p. 630–632); (Pietro) Antonio Mattei, who purchased land for the casetta Mattei from the Vatican Chapter in 1527 (Tomassetti, p. 476) and who is probably to be identified with the man of the same name who is listed as a conservatore and as a priore in 1525 (De Domenicis, p. 44, 75); the bishop Antonio de Mattei of Castellaneta (1572–1635) (Cappelletti, p. 134; likely the ‘aquilano’ referred to in the Italian edit16); the distinguished lawyer and poet who was eventually appointed canonico decano of Milano in 1634 (Viola, p. 86); and the Quietist hermit from Siena who was investigated by the Inquisition in 1687 (Malena, p. 115ff).

That A. belonged to one branch or another of the Roman Mattei is evidenced by his ‘vetus cognomen’ de Papareschis. The Papareschi were the family from which the Mattei derived. They had established themselves in Rome, probably as early as the 11th century, and in the 1350s moved to the rione S. Angelo near the Jewish ghetto and eventually amassed there their own ‘island’ (insula Matthaeorum) of property holdings (English Wikipedia). That A. was conncted with the Mattei family of Aquilia (Dragonetti, p. 88, 118, 219) seems unlikely. An Antonio Mattei di Trastevere served as caporione around the year 1555 when his father, Curzio, was accidentally killed in the course of a family feud. (Massimo, p. 103–104.) This Antonio is probably to be identified with the man of the same name who is listed as a caporione in 1554, 1559 (di Trevi, probably a mistake for Trastevere), and 1567, and the Antonio Mattei (without the topnonym) who listed as a conservatore in 1565. (De Domenicis, p. 82, 83, 86, 42.) He may be same as the Marc’Antonio Mattei di Trastevere who listed as caporione in 1543, and the Antonio Mattei di Trastevere who is listed as a conservatore and as a senator in 1576, and as a priore in 1577. (De Domenicis, p. 80, 44, 89.) He is probably not the same as the Antonio Mattei di Trastevere who is listed as a conservatore in 1585, 1591, 1596, 1601 (without the toponym), and 1610, and as a caporione in 1594. (De Domenicis, p. 45–47, 94–95.) An Antonio Mattei di Trastevere paid property taxes on four pieces of land in the Mattei-dominated rione S. Angelo in 1555. (Benocci, p. 60.) That the men named Antonio Mattei (normally) di Trastevere who were active in the 1550s and 1560s and perhaps into the 1570s are all the same person seems likely. That he is the same as our A., who is otherwise known as active from 1541 to 1562, is certainly possible, perhaps even probable.

A. appears on the 1559 ruolo of the university of Rome (‘la Sapienza’) teaching canon law. (Renazzi, 2.180.) Italian edit16 also places him there in 1548–9 teaching civil law. We have been unable to verify this, but his writings make it highly likely that he taught civil law.

A. began publishing in Roma in 1541 with his Opusculum super auc. sacramenta C. si aduersus vend. [auth. ad Cod. 2.27.1], continuing with Tractatus praticabilis editionis De libris rationum, instrumentis, actis iudiciariis et eorum fide (1543), Tractatus prorogationis fori et competentiae, praeventionis, iuris revocandi domum, reconventionis, et reorum transmissionis (1547), Repetitio ad rubricam ad legem primam ff. de novi operis nunciatione; ad rubricam ad legem primam ff. de acquirenda possessione; praxis de causa possessionis et proprietats et de restitutione spoliatorum; repetitio ad l. naturaliter in § nihil commune, ff. eodem [Dig. 39.1, Dig. 41.2.1, 41.2.12.1] (1556), and finally, what seems to be a reprinting of the previous item with additional treatises De cumulatione actionum and De ordine cognitionum (1562). A Tractatus iudiciarius (TUI 1584 t. 3.1) was published in Roma in 1558 which claims to be a first edition but looks as if it is reprint of the item from 1547.

Whether or not A. was a minor Roman magistrate in the mid-16th century and/or engaged in property transactions with regard to the land of the Mattei family, his works show that he was an academic who wrote in the style of the mos italicus and was interested in the practical application of his learning.

Source: Not in DGI or DBI. CERL Thesaurus (two entries).

 

Text(s)

 
No. 01

Opusculum super auth. ad Cod. 2.27.1, 1541.

 
No. 02

De libris rationum, instrumentis, actis iudiciariis et eorum fide, 1543.

 
No. 03

Tractatus prorogationis fori et competentiae, praeventionis, iuris revocandi domum, reconventionis, et reorum transmissionis, 1547.

 
No. 04

Repetitio ad rubricam ad Dig. 39.1.1, 1556.

 
No. 05

Repetitio ad rubricam ad Dig. 41.2.1, 1556.

 
No. 06

Repetitio ad Dig. 41.2.12.1, 1556.

 
No. 07

Praxis de causa possessionis et proprietats et de restitutione spoliatorum, 1556.

 
No. 08

De cumulatione actionum, 1562.

 
No. 09

De ordine cognitionum, 1562.

 

Text(s) – Early Printed Editions

No. 01

Opusculum super auth. ad Cod. 2.27.1, 1541.

 
Early Printed Editions

Opusculum super auc. sacramenta C. si aduersus vend. [auth. ad C.2.27.1]. Roma: Antonio Blado, 1541.

 
No. 02

De libris rationum, instrumentis, actis iudiciariis et eorum fide, 1543.

 
Early Printed Editions

Tractatus praticabilis editionis De libris rationum, instrumentis, actis iudiciariis et eorum fide. Roma: Antonio Blado, 1543.

 
No. 03

Tractatus prorogationis fori et competentiae, praeventionis, iuris revocandi domum, reconventionis, et reorum transmissionis, 1547.

 
Early Printed Editions

Prorogationis fori et competentiae, praeventionis, iuris revocandi domum, reconventionis, et reorum transmissionis, Tractatus. Roma: Antonio Blado, 1547.

 
 

Tractatus iudiciarius De prorogatione iurisdictionis et fori competentiae ac de praeventione: De iure revocandi domum: De reconventione, et Reorum transmissione. Roma: Vincenzo Luchino, 1558. Said to be the first edition. The title suggests that it is a reprint of the ed. 1547, though there may be some changes.

 
 

Tractatus universi iuris. Venezia: F. Ziletti, 1584, 3.1.105ra. Would seem to be a reprint of ed. 1558.

 
No. 04

Repetitio ad rubricam ad Dig. 39.1.1, 1556.

 
Early Printed Editions

Repetitio ad rubricam [et] ad legem primam ff. de novi operis nunciatione; ad rubricam [et] ad legem primam ff. de acquirenda possessione nec non praxis de causa possessionis et proprietatis et de restitutione spoliatorum cum repetitione ad l. naturaliter in § nihil commune, ff. eodem [Dig. 39.1, 39.1.1, Dig. 41.2, 41.2.1, 41.2.12.1]. Roma: Antonio Blado, 1556.

 
 

Ad rubricam et ad legem primam ff. de novi operis nunciatione [Dig. 39.1, 39.1.1]. Roma: Antonio Blado, 1566.

 
No. 05

Repetitio ad rubricam ad Dig. 41.2.1, 1556.

 
Early Printed Editions

Repetitio ad rubricam [et] ad legem primam ff. de novi operis nunciatione; ad rubricam [et] ad legem primam ff. de acquirenda possessione nec non praxis de causa possessionis et proprietatis et de restitutione spoliatorum cum repetitione ad l. naturaliter in § nihil commune, ff. eodem [Dig. 39.1, 39.1.1, Dig. 41.2, 41.2.1, 41.2.12.1]. Roma: Antonio Blado, 1556.

 
No. 06

Repetitio ad Dig. 41.2.12.1, 1556.

 
Early Printed Editions

Repetitio ad rubricam [et] ad legem primam ff. de novi operis nunciatione; ad rubricam [et] ad legem primam ff. de acquirenda possessione nec non praxis de causa possessionis et proprietatis et de restitutione spoliatorum cum repetitione ad l. naturaliter in § nihil commune, ff. eodem [Dig. 39.1, 39.1.1, Dig. 41.2, 41.2.1, 41.2.12.1]. Roma: Antonio Blado, 1556.

 
No. 07

Praxis de causa possessionis et proprietats et de restitutione spoliatorum, 1556.

 
Early Printed Editions

Repetitio ad rubricam [et] ad legem primam ff. de novi operis nunciatione; ad rubricam [et] ad legem primam ff. de acquirenda possessione nec non praxis de causa possessionis et proprietatis et de restitutione spoliatorum cum repetitione ad l. naturaliter in § nihil commune, ff. eodem [Dig. 39.1, 39.1.1, Dig. 41.2, 41.2.1, 41.2.12.1]. Roma: Antonio Blado, 1556.

 
No. 08

De cumulatione actionum, 1562.

 
Early Printed Editions

Examen ad rubricam et ad principium legis prime necnon Repetitio ad ¶ nihil commune in l. naturaliter cum inclusis tractatibus De causa possessionis et proprietatis, De restitutione spoliatorum, De cumulatione actionum, Deque ordine cognitionum, ff. De acquirenda et admittenda possessione [Dig. 41.2, 41.2.1, 41.2.12.1]. Roma: Antonio Blado and Vincenzo Lucchino, 1562. First ed. to call A.M. ‘veteri cognomine’ de Papareschis. Omits the repetitio on D.39.1, which Blado then reprinted in 1566. Includes, seemingly for the first time, De cumulatione actionum and De ordine cognitionum.

 
 

Examen ad rubricam et ad principium legis prime necnon Repetitio ad ¶ nihil commune in l. naturaliter cum inclusis tractatibus De causa possessionis et proprietatis, De restitutione spoliatorum, De cumulatione actionum, Deque ordine cognitionum, ff. De acquirenda et admittenda possessione [Dig. 41.2, 41.2.1, 41.2.12.1]. Frankfurt: Andreas Wechel, 1576 (online).

 
No. 09

De ordine cognitionum, 1562.

 
Early Printed Editions

Examen ad rubricam et ad principium legis prime necnon Repetitio ad ¶ nihil commune in l. naturaliter cum inclusis tractatibus De causa possessionis et proprietatis, De restitutione spoliatorum, De cumulatione actionum, Deque ordine cognitionum, ff. De acquirenda et admittenda possessione [Dig. 41.2, 41.2.1, 41.2.12.1]. Roma: Antonio Blado and Vincenzo Lucchino, 1562. First ed. to call A.M. ‘veteri cognomine’ de Papareschis. Omits the repetitio on D.39.1, which Blado then reprinted in 1566. Includes, seemingly for the first time, De cumulatione actionum and De ordine cognitionum.

 
 

Examen ad rubricam et ad principium legis prime necnon Repetitio ad ¶ nihil commune in l. naturaliter cum inclusis tractatibus De causa possessionis et proprietatis, De restitutione spoliatorum, De cumulatione actionum, Deque ordine cognitionum, ff. De acquirenda et admittenda possessione [Dig. 41.2, 41.2.1, 41.2.12.1]. Frankfurt: Andreas Wechel, 1576 (online).

 

Literature

‘Anton Matthäus II’, in German Wikipedia (online). (A.M. the German lawyer.)

‘Mattei (family)’, in English Wikipedia (online).

‘Mattei, Antonio ’, in Italian edit16 (online).

C. Benocci, ‘Gli ebrei a Monteverde: piste di ricerca’, in Judei de Urbe: Roma e i suoi ebrei: una storia secolare: atti del Convegno, Archivio di Stato di Roma, 7–9 novembre 2005, M. Caffiero and A. Esposito, ed. (Roma 2011) 60 (online). (A.M. the taxpayer in rione S. Angelo.)

C. De Domenicis, Membri del Senato della Roma Pontificia: Senatori, Conservatori, Caporioni e loro Priori e Lista d’oro delle famiglie dirigenti (secc. X–XIX) [PDF] (Roma 2009) 38, 42, 45–48, 75, 80, 82, 83, 86, 89, 94–95 (online). (A.M. di Trastevere.)

A. Malena, ‪L’eresia dei perfetti: ‪inquisizione romana ed esperienze mistiche nel Seicento italiano (Roma 2003) 115ff. (A.M. the hermit.)

G. Tomassetti, ‘Della campagna romana [2]’, ‪Archivio della Società romana di storia patria, 22 (Roma 1899) 476 (online). (A.M. the purchaser of Vatican land.)

G. Fumagalli, ‪Catalogo delle edizioni romane di Antonio Blado Asolano ed eredi (1516–1593), possedute dalla Biblioteca nazionale centrale Vittorio Emanuele di Roma (Roma 1891) 1.1.19, 22, 28–29, 57, 80 (online).

G. Cappelletti, ‪Le chiese d’Italia della loro origine sino ai nostri giorni (Venezia 1870) 21.143 (online). (A.M. the bishop of Castellaneta.)

C. V. Massimo, Memorie storiche della chiesa di S. Benedetto in Piscinula nel rione Trastevere (Roma 1864) 103–104 (online). (A.M. di Trastevere.)

A. Dragonetti, Le vite degli illustri Aquilani (L’Aquila 1847) 88, 118, 219 (online). (Aquilan family of Mattei (p. 88, 118); A.M. (p. 219).)

M. Leopardi, Vita di Niccolò Bonafede: ‪vescovo di Chiusi e officiale nella corte Romana dai tempi di Alessandro VI ai tempi di Clemente VII (Pesaro 1832) 70 (online). (A.M. the Roman nobleman.)

S. Viola, Memorie istoriche dell’antichissima città di Cori nei Volsci (Roma 1825) 86 (online). (A.M. the canonico decano of Milano.)

F. M. Renazzi, Storia dell’Università degli studi di Roma: detta comunemente la sapienza che contiene anche un saggio storico della letteratura romana dal principio del secolo XIII sino al declinare del secolo XVIII (Roma 1804) 2.180 (online).

M. U. Bicci, ‪Notizia della famiglia Boccapaduli patrizia romana ordinata e distesa (Roma 1762) 630–632 (online). (A.M. the Roman nobleman.)