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Report No. r450

Nicolaus de Tudeschis

1386–1445

 

Alternative Names

Niccolò de Tudeschi, Archbishop (LC); Niccolò Tedeschi; Panormitanus; Abbas Siculus; Abbas Modernus; Niccolò Tedesco; Nicolas Tudeschius; Nicolaus de Sicilia; Il Panormitano; Panorme; Nikolaus de Tudeschis; Nicolaus de Tudisco; Le Panormitain

 

Biography/Description

Nicolaus was the last great canonist in the medieval tradition. Born 1386 in Catania, Sicily, Nicolaus studied canon law in Bologna and Padua. He called Franciscus Zabarella his master, and also studied under Antonius de Butrio. Nicolaus began teaching canon law in Bologna in 1412, but that same year he moved on to Parma where he taught until 1418. In that year he moved again to Siena where he taught until 1430. Among his students from this period were Marianus Socinus. In 1421 he was named Auditor generalis of the Camera Apostolica. In 1424, Nicolaus participated in the abortive council of Siena. Nicolaus had entered the Benedictine order in his youth and in 1425 became the abbot of the monastery of St. Maria de Maniaco in Messina. In 1431, he began lecturing in Bologna.

In 1433 Nicolaus was sent as a delegate by Pope Eugenius IV to the council of Basel. He defended the pope’s anti-conciliar position before the council, and when this position was not well received, he left the council. On death of Ubertino dei Marini, the archbishop of Palermo, Alfonso V, the king of Aragon and Sicily, placed Nicolaus in the see. Nicolaus renounced the abbacy of Maniace and was confirmed by Eugenius IV as archbishop of Palermo in March of 1435. During the years 1436–39, Nicolaus represented Alfonso at Basel. Although his canonistic works betray an essentially papalist orientation, as the conflict between the council and the pope became more intense, N. crafted legal arguments strongly favoring the authority of the council against the pope. He did did not follow Nicolaus of Cusa and many of the Italian bishops to Ferrara in 1437. In 1440, he was named cardinal by the antipope Felix V, and was sent back to Basel by Alfonso where he remained until 1443. In that year N. left Basel for the last time and returned to Sicily. He died in Palermo in 1445 of plague.

As a canonist, Nicolas tried to integrate theological learning into jurisprudence; and so, for example, his incomplete work on the Decretum includes a discussion of Aquinas and natural law. He wrote a large lectura on the Decretals, a less extensive one on the Clementines, a small work on the Decretum, a number of consilia, a number of repetitiones a series of quaestiones, and some occasional works in connection with the council of Basel. Attributions to him of other works are more problematical and are discussed below under Texts. A more detailed discussion of his life and works, may be found in Pennington, ‘Nicolaus de Tudeschis’. More work with the manuscripts of this important canonist would clearly be desirable.

Panormitanus Sarcophagus

Sarcophagus of Panormitanus in the crypt of the cathedral in Palermo

 

Text(s)

 
No. 01

Lectura in Decretales, ca. 1436. N. worked on his commentary on the Decretals over a long period of time, and he revised his work continuously. He probably began writing when he started teaching around 1411, and he must have completed it by the time he began to participate in the council of Basel. He did not comment on all parts of the Decretals equally. Even a superficial reading reveals that he expended more time and effort on books two and three than on books one, four, and five. Book one is only a bit less detailed than books two and three; four and five received only rudimentary treatment. He never commented on all of book one; there is no evidence that he wrote on the section from X 1.7 to X 1.28. In the printed editions, this gap is sometimes left blank, sometimes filled in with the gloss of Antonius de Butrio on X 1.9.6 to X 1.28.6, and in a few cases filled in with an apparatus from an unknown jurist which has been falsely (and deliberately) attributed to N. See Pennington, ‘Panormitanus’ Lectura’, and Pennington, ‘Nicolaus de Tudeschis’, for the details. A preliminary list of additiones marked in the manuscript as being by N. may be found in Pennington, ‘Nicolaus de Tudeschis’.

 
No. 02

Lectura in Sextum. Pennington, ‘Nicolaus de Tudeschis’ casts considerable doubt on the genuineness of this work, which is not attested in the manuscripts so far examined. As discussed below in Early Editions, it now seems likely that the work is a ‘phantom’. Schulte was mislead by Hain who, in turn, was mislead by an unknown cataloguer. Schulte’s citation of ed. Venice 1592 also seems to be mistaken.

 
No. 03

Notae et allegationes in Clementinas. N.’s treatment of the Clementines, as the title suggests, was not exhaustive. We do not know exactly when he wrote it, but we can assume, because it was based on the ordinary gloss to the Clementines, that it was the product of his teaching.

 
No. 04

Commentaria ad Decretum, ca. 1436. Antony Black discovered an unfinished commentary on the Decretum in a manuscript in Lucca and published a description of the text in 1970 (’Panormitanus on the Decretum’). The late fifteenth-century jurist, Felinus Sandeus had written a work entitled ‘Additiones ad principiatum ab Abbate opus in Decretum’, and the Lucca manuscript was probably a part of his collection when he was archbishop of Lucca. N. began writing the work in Basel on 18 December 1436 according to his preface. Because, most likely, of the turbulent politics at Basel and, as he noted, because of a lack of books at hand, his commentary ended with D.1 of the Decretum. In this extensive fragment, N. discussed the theology and jurisprudence of natural law, equity, and positive law. According to Black, who is the only scholar to have examined the manuscript in detail, N. cited the Archdeacon, Aristotle, and Thomas Aquinas frequently.

 
No. 05

Consilia. The vulgate text in the sixteenth century contained two books of consilia, the first of 108, the second of 118 consilia each. Not all the consilia were N.’s. The first incunabula editions contained between 104 and 107 consilia. The Pescia edition published 118 and was entitled Consilia secundi voluminis. In subsequent editions, these two printing traditions were combined. Andrea Romano (’Consilium’) has examined Lucca, Biblioteca Capitolare Feliniana, 162, which contains a large number of N.’s consilia. The first half of the manuscript contains consilia that were included in the first incunabula editions. Romano dates them to the period 1425–1436. The second half of the manuscript (fol. 137r–277v) contains consilia from the “second volume.” (Romano, ‘Consilium’ 589 n.15.) Daniela Novarese found and printed a consilium in Palermo, Biblioteca Comunale 3.Qq.C.45 that he wrote after he became archbishop of Palermo. (’De aqua sancti Cosmani’, 140–45.) As the manuscript tradition is explored, more unedited consilia will undoubtedly be discovered.

 
No. 06

Repetitiones. N. wrote several repetitiones that were inserted into his commentaries on the Decretals, into his consilia, or printed separately. The following list makes no pretence of completeness. Murano, ‘I codici Vat. lat. 2551 e 2552’ lists another, dated in 1415.

 
No. 06a

On X 1.2.10 (Ecclesia Sanctae Mariae, De constitutionibus), 1424 or 1425. Dated in Siena in 1424 according to BSB Clm 7438 or in Siena in 1425 according to BAV Vat. lat. 2247.

 
No. 06b

On X 1.43.9 (Per tuas litteras, De arbitris). Dated in Bologna according to Lucca, Biblioteca Capitolare Feliniana 160 found by Murano, ‘I codici Vat. lat. 2551 e Vat lat. 2552’ note 45.

 
No. 06c

On X 2.2.4 (Si quis contra clericum, De foro competenti), 1419. Dated in Siena in 1419 according to ed. Köln 1477.

 
No. 06d

On X 3.5.30 (Exstirpandae, De praebendis).

 
No. 06e

On X 3.26.10 (Cum esses, De testamentis).

 
No. 07

Disputationes, quaestiones, allegationes. The titles of the printed editions vary from Quaestiones et disputationes to Desceptationes et allegationes. The early editions contain either six (Venezia 1487) or seven quaestiones (Köln 1477) dated between 1421 (1418, if Lefebvre’s dating of Duo clerici is correct) and 1430. The sixteenth-century editions usually contain seven quaestiones, and they are usually printed with the consilia. Both the printing and the manuscript history remain to be sorted out. We list them here in the order of ed. Köln 1477, noting the order and date given in Lefebvre, ‘Panormitain’ 1204. Another list with rubrics transcribed from Lucca, Biblioteca Capitolare Feliniana 160 may be found in Murano, ‘I codici Vat. lat. 2551 e Vat lat. 2552’.

 
No. 07a

Quaestio ‘Sempronius clericus’. Lefebvre, ‘Panormitain’ 1204: 3. Sempronius clericus. No place or date. Incipit: ‘Sempronius clericus bona patrimonialia obtinens ad curiam Romanam proficiscens episcopatum a Romano pontifice obtinuit ad propriaque regressus cum cuiusdam hospitalis rectore eidemque per patrimonium duntaxat profecto multifarie contraxit ac inventario de bonis episcopatus non confecto quedam ipsius episcopatus bona locavit pro pluribus futuris annis superioris auctoritate intercedente pensionem recipiens.’ No rubric.

 
No. 07b

Quaestio ‘Titius clericus’, 1424. Lefebvre, ‘Panormitain’ 1204: 4. Titus clericus (Siena, January 25, 1424). The date must be 1424 because the Council was not yet convened in January 1423. Incipit: ‘Titius clericus ex sui beneficii ecclesiastici redditibus patrimonio conservato vitam ducens ab eodem beneficio abiectus extitit et spolitatus existens dicto beneficio renunciauit sponte sibimet postmodum restitutionem petenti.’ Rubric [in fine]: ‘Hec questio disputata fuit per dominum Nicolaum de Sicilia decretorum doctorem famosissimum im amplo Senensi studio anno domini M.cccc.xxiii. [sic] die vero vicesima quinta Januarii et ad utranque partem dubiorum respondit spectabilis et generosus vir dominus Gandolfus Dyay [sic] Aragonensis in iure canonico eleganter peritus. Et intererant in disputationis actu prelatorum magistrorum et doctorum copia quia Senas concilii generalis causa venerant’.

 
No. 07c

Quaestio ‘Augerio patronatum’, 1427. Lefebvre, ‘Panormitain’ 1204: 5. Augerio patronatum (Siena 1427). Incipit: ‘Augerio patronatum in basilica Nichostrati iure sibi dilatum Plaucius laicus mera liberalitate contulit ad eandem vacantem patrono neglecto, imminente adhuc tempore electionis et presentationis a iure statuto antistes actorem clericum instituit quadrimestri denique elapso Plaucius filio herede superstite diem persolvit extremum quo minime accersito donationem paternam et ratificavit episcopus.’ Rubric: ‘Disputata fuit hec questio per dominum Nicolaum de Sicilia Momacen. abbatem et decretorum doctorem in famosissimo Senarum studio anno domini Millesimo quadringentesimo vicesimo septimo et ad utranque partem dubiorum respondit subtilissimus scholaris dominus Jonannes de Alemania nunc vero doctor egregius’.

 
No. 07d

Quaestio ‘Gandulfus clericus’, 1430. Lefebvre, ‘Panormitain’ 1204: 6. Gandulphus (Siena, 1430). Incipit: ‘Gandulfus clericus scolarium Senensium pro maiori parte laicorum rector Lambertum Florentium clericum eiusdem universitatis scolarem in mille ex depositi causa condemnavit a cuius sententia ad Senensem episcopum appellat Lambertus Gandolfo rectori.’ Rubric: ‘Disputatio fuit hec supradicta per dominum Nicolaum de Sicilia abbatem et decretorum doctorem in felici Senen. studio anno domini M.cccc.xxx. ad utranque partem dubiorum respondit auditor meus benivolus dominus Franciscus archipresbyter Funden’.

 
No. 07e

Quaestio ‘Episcopus et quidam rector’, 1426. Incipit: ‘Episcopus et quidam rector Pronien. per Romanum pontificem eorum prelaturis nulla rationabili causa privati ad futurum concilium appellaverunt, congregato concilio an prefata appellatio esset admittenda.’ Rubric [in fine]: ‘Disputata fuerunt hec dubia per dominum Nicolaum de Sicilia abbatem Momacen. et decretorum doctorem Senis legentem anno domini M.cccc.xxvi. in ecclesia Sancti Marci et ad utranque partem dubiorum summe respondit vir notabilis et magne scientie dominus Robertus de Calcantibus de Florentia auditor meus benignus.’

Lefebvre, ‘Panormitain’ 1204: 1. Episcopus et quidam rector curatus (Siena, April 25, 1426). Usually printed as the first in the editions of N.’s quaestiones. Manuscripts examined by Valois (1.218 n.4) suggest a date of April of 1426 (contrary to Watanabe’s [225 n.33] date of 1437). The quaestio dealt with papal authority and supported papal prerogatives within the church before N. became involved in ecclesiastical politics. As such Tedeschi has compared it with the sermon/speech “Quoniam veritas,” which dates from 1442. See Tedeschi, ‘Nicolò dei Tedeschi’ 453 n. 4; cf. Lefebvre, ‘L’enseignement’ 318 n.31. For Robertus de Calvalcantibus, who apparently moved with Panormitanus to Florence, see A. Gherardi, Statuti dell’Università e studio fiorentino dell’anno MCCCLXXXVII seguiti da un’appendice di documenti dal MCCCXX al MCCCCLXXII (Florence 1881; repr. Bologna 1973), document dated November 17, 1432.

 
No. 07f

Quaestio ‘Stante statuto’, 1421. Lefebvre, ‘Panormitain’ 1204: 2. Stante statuto condito (Siena, January 29, 1421). Incipit: ‘Stante statuto condito in Italia prohibente minores xxv. annis obligari sine certa solennitate observata quia postposito eodem statuto posito quod contractus ipsi in quibus reperientur minores obligati sint ficticii et simulati et pro ficticiis et simulatis habeantur nec valet iuramentum super eis prestitum.’ Rubric [in fine]: ‘Disputata fuit hec questio per dominum Nicolaum de Sicilia decretorum doctorem in famosissimo studio Senarum et ad utranque partem dubiorum respondit peritissimus vir dominus Petrus Antonii auditor meus civis et canonicus Senen. anno domini M.ccccxxi. die vero xxviiii. Januarii’.

 
No. 07g

Quaestio ‘Duo clerici ordine insigniti’. Lefebvre, ‘Panormitain’ 1204: 7. Duo clericali charactere insigniti (Parma, 1418). Incipit: ‘Duo clerici ordine insigniti quorum alter exemptionis privilegio erat redimitus se adinvicem invidia vel indignatione percusserunt sicque in sententiam canonis, Si quis suadente, pariter inciderunt.’ No rubric.

 
No. 08

Occasional works in connection with the council of Basel, 1433–1442.

 
No. 08a

Ecce nunc tempus acceptabile, 1433. N. defended the position of Eugenius IV in two sermons given on 9 March and on 13 July, 1433, before the council of Basel. See Lefebvre, ‘L’enseignement’. Mansi prints one of them.

 
No. 08b

Dicta et nota de potestate concilii et pape, 1433. In 1915, Noël Valois signaled a manuscript in Oxford that contains a treatise that N. composed in Basel during 1433, a collection of texts dealing with the relationship of conciliar and pontifical power. Incipit: “Infrascripta sunt aliqua dicta nota et memoria digna”. See Pennington, ‘Nicolaus de Tudeschis’. No one seems to have looked at this manuscript in almost a century, but it appears to be genuine.

 
No. 08c

Miratur hec sancta synodus, 1437. This and the following sermon/speech given at the council of Basel show N.’s movement to a more extreme conciliarist position.

 
No. 08d

Maximum onus, 1438. See immediately above.

 
No. 08e

Mecum tacitus, 1438. The council sent N. twice to the Frankfut Reichstag to argue for its position. This is the first of his speeches/sermons on the topic.

 
No. 08f

Tractatus brevis, post 1438. ‘Tractatus brevis domini Panormitani abbatis continens sentenciam suam finalem cui dicunt se nunquam ante contra venisse super depositione sanctissimi domini nostri Eugenii pape quarti facta per Basilienses et super materia translationis concilii Basiliensis ad Ferrariam et exquisite ponit casum in terminis quem bene notes.’ Incipit: ‘Non fuit moris mei.’ This quaestio, edited by R. Zeno in 1908 from Bologna Bibl. Univ. 505 had, although Zeno was unaware of this, been edited by Döllinger in 1863 and attributed to the known papalist, Juan de Palomar, q.v. Modern scholarship accepts Döllinger’s attribution and rejects Zeno’s. See Geschichtsquellen des deutschen Mittelalters, website lasted visited 4 Jun 2012).

 
No. 08g

Tractatus de concilio Basiliensi: “Quoniam veritas verborum”, 1442. This is the sermon/speech given in the Frankfurt Reichstag to which N. returned in 1442. The work sometimes appears with N.’s Consilia. See Valois, Le pape et le concile, 2.117-122.

 
No. 09

Ordo iudiciarius. A work of Johannes Urbach (Auerbach), q.v., Processus iudicii, was attributed to N. by various printers in the period of the incunabula and was reprinted continuously during the sixteenth century. The attribution to Johannes is witnessed in at least one early printed edition and is confirmed in the modern edition of Urbach’s work. A possible connection between Urbach’s work and that of N., who wrote a fulsome commentary on X 2, has not yet been explored.

 
No. 10

Thesaurus singularium in iure canonico decisivorum. Nörr and Lefebvre attributed this treatise to N. on the basis of its printing in the Venetian edition of his Opera omnia in 1617. In the absence of manuscript authority, this work can be assigned to N. only with great caution.

 
No. 11

Flores utriusque iuris. Schulte included this work among N.’s on the basis of the edition of Köln 1500. In the absence of manuscript authority, this work can be assigned to N. only with great caution.

 
No. 12

Commentary on the Digest. The editions of N.’s works of Lyon 1566 and Venezia 1617 credit N. with this work. The attribution is likely spurious.

 

Text(s) – Manuscripts

No. 01

Lectura in Decretales, ca. 1436.

 
Manuscript

Book 1 (without prologue) X.1.1-1.6 and X.1.29-1.43 (This listing of the manuscripts is based on that in Pennington ‘Nicolas de Tudeschis’.)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2248 (Colophon: “Explicit lectura super primo decretalium facta per dominum Panormitanum.” Kuttner, Catalogue 2.283)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2549 (Vat. lat. 2549, 2550, 2553, 2554, 2555, and 2558 belonged to the library of Cardinal Juan de Mella and formed a complete, integrated edition of the work. The second part of X 1 now seems to be missing, but the colophon of this manuscript makes clear that the second part X 1 began at X 1.29. See Kuttner, Catalogue 2.124. Mella participated with Panormitanus at Basel; see Valois, Le pape et le concile 2.218–225; also T. Izbicki, ‘Notes on Late Medieval Jurists, I: Juan de Mella: Cardinal and Canonist’, BMCL, 4 (1974) 49–53.)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Pal. lat. 660

 
 

Eichstätt, Universitätsbibl. 167

 
 

Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 1093

 
 

München, BSB Clm 6551

 
 

Book 1 (with prologue)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2247, fol. 1r-27r, 38r-221v (X.1.1.-1.6)

 
 

München, BSB Clm 5473 (Dated 14 December, 1455.)

 
 

Tyler, Texas, City Libr. MS (not numbered)

 
 

Book 2

 
 

Assisi, BC Fondo antico 201 (X.2.1-2.13)

 
 

Assisi, BC Fondo antico 202 (X.2.14-2.23)

 
 

Bologna, Coll. Spagna 224 (X.2.25-2.30)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2550 (X.2.1-2.13. Colophon: “Nicolaus Sciculus (sic) decretorum doctor famosissimus.” Kuttner, Catalogue, 2.124)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2249 (X.2.1-2.18)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Pal. lat. 661 (X.2.1-2.18)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Pal. lat. 663. (X.2.1-2.18)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2551 (X.2.1-2.20.4. Additiones Nicolai in the margins. Vat. lat. 2551 and 2552 are dated in 1429. The additiones, however, are added in a later hand. See Murano, ‘I codici Vat. lat. 2551 e Vat lat. 2552’.)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2553 (X.2.14-2.24)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2250 (X.2.19-2.24)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2552 (X.2.20.5-2.30. Additiones Nicolai in the margins. See, above, Vat. lat. 2551.)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Pal. lat. 654 (X.2.25-2.30)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Pal. lat. 664. (X.2.25-2.30)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2251 (X.2.25-2.30.)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2554 (X.2.25-2.30. Incipit: “Incipit tertia pars secundi famosissimi iuris canonici doctoris eximii domini abbatis de Cicilia sub rutuli [sic].” Kuttner, Catalogue 2.127. ‘Sub rutuli’ may be a reference to Panormitanus’ year in Bologna (1431-1432) where he was inscribed in the ‘rotuli lectorum’ of the city; see U. Dallari, I Rotuli dei lettori, legisti e artisti dello Studio bolognese dal 1384 al 1799 (4 Vols. Bolgona: R. Deputazione di storia patria 1888-1924) 4.60. The manuscript is dated in 1439.)

 
 

Eichstätt, Universitätsbibl. 500, fol. 1r-218v (X.2.19-2.21)

 
 

Lucca, Bibl. Cap. Felin. 265 (Murano, ‘I codici Vat. lat. 2551 e 2552’ note 34, has signaled this earlier commentary on X 2, “recollectae” made while N. taught at Padua.)

 
 

München, BSB Clm 5474 (X.2.1-2.18)

 
 

München, BSB Clm 23685 (X.2.1-2.18)

 
 

München, BSB Clm 6536 (X.2.1-2.18. Additiones of N. are written in the margins. The manuscript is dated in 1459.)

 
 

München, BSB Clm 6537, fol. 1r-196v (X.2.25-2.30)

 
 

Book 3

 
 

Bologna, Coll. Spagna 225 (X.3.1-3.10 and X.3.32-3.50)

 
 

Bologna, Coll. Spagna 85 (X.3.32-3.50)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2252

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2555, fol. 1r-325v

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2556

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2557

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Pal. lat. 662.

 
 

München, BSB Clm 6534

 
 

München, BSB Clm 23686

 
 

Book 4

 
 

Assisi, BC Fondo antico 200, fol. 110r-186v

 
 

Bologna, Coll. Spagna 211, fol. 187ra-261ra

 
 

Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 1054

 
 

London, BL Royal IX.F.i

 
 

London, BL Royal 11.E.vii

 
 

München, BSB Clm 6537, fol. 197r-262v

 
 

München, BSB Clm 22361

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2253, fol. 1r-72v (The explicit in in this manuscript is exactly the same as that in the Collegio di Spagna 211; see Kuttner, Catalogue, 1.286.)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2558, fol. 1r-74v

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Pal. lat. 666, fol. 1r-77v.

 
 

Book 5

 
 

Assisi, BC 200, fol. 190r-358v

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2253, fol. 73r-261v

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2558, fol. 75r-270v

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Pal. lat. 665

 
 

Eichstätt, Universitätsbibl. 169

 
 

London, BL Royal 11.E.vii

 
 

München, BSB Clm 5322

 
 

München, BSB Clm 6553

 
 

München, BSB Clm 6554

 
 

München, BSB Clm 23859

 
 

Philadelphia, Free Libr. J.F. Lewis Collection 161

 
 

Uncertain Contents

 
 

Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat. fol. 164 (Schulte, QL, 313 n.5)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 7073 (Pennington, ‘Nicolaus de Tudeschis’)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Chigi E.vii.238 (Pennington, ‘Nicolaus de Tudeschis’)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Chigi E.vii.239 (Pennington, ‘Nicolaus de Tudeschis’)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Ross. 842-845 (Pennington, ‘Nicolaus de Tudeschis’)

 
 

Göttweig, Stiftsbibl. 418 (Schulte, QL, 313 n.5)

 
 

München, BSB Clm 6535 (Schulte, QL, 313 n.5, by using inclusive numbering, implies that this shelfmark exists. It does not.)

 
 

Praha, Metropolitní Kapitula J.56 (Schulte, QL, 313 n.5 describes 3 vols., 1: X 1, 2: X 3, 3: X 4-5, dated in 1466.)

 
 

Praha, Metropolitní Kapitula J.4 (Schulte, QL, 313 n.5 describes 2 vols., dated in 1466 and 1441, ending at X 2.18.3)

 
 

Wrocław, Bibl. Univ. II.F.51 (X.4 and 5; Schulte, QL, 313 n.5.)

 
No. 03

Notae et allegationes in Clementinas.

 
Manuscript

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2693, fol. 177r-194r

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Pal. lat. 107r-165v (“Tractatus notularum cum quibusdam allegationibus super glossis Clementinarum per dominum Nicolaum episcopum panor.”)

 
 

Köln, Historisches Arch. 7002 173, fol. 283r-388r

 
 

München, BSB Clm 8456

 
 

München, BSB Clm 8303, fol. 130v-178v

 
 

München, BSB Clm 6604, fol. 378r-481v (Fol. 481v: “Scripta per me m. Jo. Heller de Monaco in sacro concilio Basilien. et finita die jouis vii. ottobr. anno 1438.” Johannes Heller’s sermons can be found in Clm 6487. Heller made many additions to Panormitanus’ commentary to the title De electionibus, where Panormitanus had discussed the council.)

 
 

Saint-Omer, BM 512

 
 

Wien, ÖNB 5045

 
 

Wien, ÖNB 5072

 
 

Wien, ÖNB 5103

 
 

Wien, ÖNB 5468

 
No. 04

Commentaria ad Decretum, ca. 1436.

 
Manuscript

Lucca, Bibl. Cap. Felin. 160, fol. 250vû263v

 
No. 05

Consilia.

 
Manuscript

Cambrai, BM 207

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Urb. lat. 1132

 
 

Lucca, Bibl. Cap. Felin. 162

 
 

Madrid, BN 2139, fol. 52v-65v; 73r-78v

 
 

Palermo, BC 3.Qq.C.45 (Not the Vulgate text; see text description.)

 
 

Torino, BN Universitaria G.II.21, fol. 21-457

 
No. 06a

On X 1.2.10 (Ecclesia Sanctae Mariae, De constitutionibus), 1424 or 1425.

 
Manuscript

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2247, fol. 27r-38r (“Composita fuit hec repetitio per me Nicolaum de Sicilia abbatem Monniacensi (sic) anno Domini mo cccco xxvo in ciuitate Senarum”, Kuttner, Catalogue, 1.282)

 
 

München, BSB Clm 7438, fol. 1r-16r (“Facta per dominum Nicolaum de Sicilia in studio ciuitatis Senarum 1424”)

 
 

Wien, ÖNB 5346, fol. 191r-206r

 
No. 06b

On X 1.43.9 (Per tuas litteras, De arbitris).

 
Manuscript

Wien, ÖNB 1528

 
No. 06d

On X 3.5.30 (Exstirpandae, De praebendis).

 
Manuscript

Zagreb, Nacionalna i Sveučilišna Knjižnica I.t.f. VI

 
No. 06e

On X 3.26.10 (Cum esses, De testamentis).

 
Manuscript

Wien, ÖNB 5346, fol. 175r-184v

 
No. 07

Disputationes, quaestiones, allegationes.

 
Manuscript

Lucca, Bibl. Cap. Felin. 160

 
 

Torino, BN Universitaria G.II.21, fol. 21-457

 
 

Wien, ÖNB 5128

 
No. 07e

Quaestio ‘Episcopus et quidam rector’, 1426.

 
Manuscript

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 4039, fol. 154-155

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Reg. lat. 1018, fol. 285-311

 
 

Firenze, Bibl. Laurenz. Plut. 16.13, fol. 160v

 
No. 08b

Dicta et nota de potestate concilii et pape, 1433.

 
Manuscript

Oxford, Bodleian Libr. Laud Miscell. 249, fol. 89–115 (See Valois, Le pape et le concile 1.219 n.3)

 
No. 08e

Mecum tacitus, 1438.

 
Manuscript

Bologna, Bibl. Univ. 505 (unfoliated, the text is said to be at pp. 1–21) (The misattribution of this text to N. would seem to be in the manuscript.)

 

Text(s) – Early Printed Editions

No. 01

Lectura in Decretales, ca. 1436.

 
Early Printed Editions

Lectura in Decretales. Note: A search of GW for ‘Tudeschis’ and ‘Decretalium’ produced 55 ‘hits’, of which the following 10 are a sampling.

 
 

Lectura in Decretales.

 
 

Lectura in Decretales. s.l. [Venezia] 1472–73 (GW M47951). X 1–3.

 
 

Lectura in Decretales. Johann von Köln, Johann Manthen: Venezia 1476 (Hain 12308) (GW M47854). Online : X 2; X 3; X 4; X 5.

 
 

Lectura in Decretales. Petrus de Moriglio, Nicolas Jenson: Venezia 1477 (Hain 12310) (GW M47867). Online: X 1 p.1; X 1 p. 2; X 2 p. 2; X 2 p. 3; X 3; X 4–5.

 
 

Lectura in Decretales. s.e. [Michael Wenssler, Berthold Ruppel, Bernhard Richel]: s.l. [Basel] 1477. Online at BSB.

 
 

Lectura in Decretales. Georg Lauer: Roma 1480 (Hain 12311) (GW M47836)

 
 

Lectura in Decretales. s.e. [Johann Besicken]: Basel 1480–81

 
 

Lectura in Decretales. Andreas Torresanus: Venezia 1482–83 (Hain 12313) (GW M47874). Online at BSB.

 
 

Lectura in Decretales. Franciscus Girardengus: Venezia 1484 (GW M47967). X 1.

 
 

Lectura in Decretales. Anton Koberger: Nürnberg 1485–86 (Hain 12314) (GW M47828). Online at BSB.

 
 

Lectura in Decretales. Dionysius Bertochus, Gabriel Brixiensis: Venezia 1491–93. Online at BSB.

 
 

Lectura in Decretales. Venezia 1581–82. The Ames Foundation has had a digital copy of this edition posted on the Harvard University Library’s Page Delivery Service. Each physical volume has its own URN: (1) (X 1); (2) (X 2); (3) (X 3–5), and (4) (Repertorium, Consilia, Tractatus, Quaestiones, Practica, Clem.). The Foundation has also prepared ‘metadata’ for the entire work.

 
 

Lectura in decretales. Venezia 1582. This may be same as the previous edition. Published on CD Rom: Nicholaus de Tudeschis (Abbas Panormitanus) Commentaria in Decretales Gregorii IX et in Clementinas Epistolas (Edizioni Informatiche; Roma: Il Cigno Galileo Galilei, 2000).

 
No. 02

Lectura in Sextum.

 
Early Printed Editions

Lectura in Sextum. Venezia 1479 (Hain 12335) (GW M47990). GW identifies this book as the same as Hain 12326, which is a later printing of Nicolas Jenson’s edition of X 2. The online edition is incomplete and does not reach the colophon, which could confirm the identification. The dates do, however, match, and it seems unlikely that Jenson could have finished two large books on the same day. Hain had not seen no. 12335. One has to wonder how a cataloguer could have misread ‘sexto’ for ‘secundo’ (Jenson spells out the book number in his colophons), but that seems to have been what happened.

 
 

Lectura in Sextum. Venezia 1592. The entries in WorldCat and the two volumes that are available online suggest that this is a reprint of the 1581-82 ed. of P’s complete works. That ed. has nothing on the Sext.

 
No. 03

Notae et allegationes in Clementinas.

 
Early Printed Editions

Notae et allegationes in Clementinas. Johann Koelhoff: Köln 1474 (Hain 12336) (GW M48041)

 
 

Notae et allegationes in Clementinas. Johannes Aloisius Tuscanus, Johann Gensberg: Roma 1474 (Hain 12337) (GW M48050)

 
 

Notae et allegationes in Clementinas. Heinrich Turner, Johann Parix: s.l. [Toulouse] s.a. [1476?] (GW M4805110). The cataloguers of the Hispanic Culture Series of the General Microfilm Company suggest that this was printed by Martin Huss, the well-known falsifier of attributions to Nicholaus. See Pennington, ‘Panormitanus’ Lectura’; Pennington, ‘Nicolaus de Tudeschis’.

 
 

Notae et allegationes in Clementinas. Johann Koelhoff: Köln 1477 (Hain 12338) (GW M48042)

 
 

Notae et allegationes in Clementinas. Johann von Köln, Johann Manthen: Venezia 1480 (Hain 12339) (GW M48053)

 
 

Notae et allegationes in Clementinas. Andreas Calabrensis: Venezia 1488 (Hain 12340) (GW M48052)

 
 

Notae et allegationes in Clementinas. Franciscus Brevius, Bernardinus Rizus: Venezia 1490 (Hain 12341) (GW M48055)

 
 

Notae et allegationes in Clementinas. Baptista de Tortis, 12.IX.1496: Venezia 1496 (Hain 12342) (GW M48056)

 
 

Notae et allegationes in Clementinas. Venezia 1581-82. See under Txt01.

 
 

Lectura in Clementinas. Venezia 1582. May be the same as the previous ed. Published on CD Rom: Nicholaus de Tudeschis (Abbas Panormitanus) Commentaria in Decretales Gregorii IX et in Clementinas Epistolas (Edizioni Informatiche; Roma: Il Cigno Galileo Galilei, 2000).

 
No. 05

Consilia.

 
Early Printed Editions

Consilia. Note: A search of GW for Autor ‘Tudeschis’ and Volltext ‘Consilia’ produced 15 ‘hits’ of which the following seem to be the most significant.

 
 

Consilia. Andreas Belfortis: Ferrara 1475 (Hain 12344) (GW M47750). Hain reports a composition date for Bologninus’s table of October, 1474.

 
 

Consilia. Petrus de Aranceyo, Johannes de Tornaco: Ferrara 1475 (Hain *12345) (GW M47753). 104 consilia by Panormitanus and three by other jurists. The consilia were compiled by Ludovicus Bologninus, professor of civil law at Ferrara: Consilium 1: “Facti contingentia talis est: Quidam A. contraxit sponsalia per verba de presenti cum quadam B. et ab ea recepit dotis nomine mille.” Consilium 104: “Placet mihi secunda eximii doctoris domini Benedicti conclusio pro qua ultra per eum allegata adduco auctoritatem Bar. in l. Famem, in fine, de publ. iud. ubi dicit quod quelibet civitas non recognoscens in se superiorem habet liberum populum et merum imperium in seipsa et tantam potestatem habet in populo suo quantum imperator in universo.” The last three consilia are by Hugolinus de Mariscalchis, Johannes de Bandinis de Senis, Ludovicus Bologninus.

 
 

Consilia. Johann Koelhoff: Köln 1477 (Hain 12346) (GW M47756). The online edition contains, at the beginning of the work, the table of Ludovicus Bologninus, dated at Bologna 10 Oct. 1474.

 
 

Consilia. Ludovicus Bologninus, Johann von Köln, Johann Manthen: Venezia 1480 (Hain 12347) (GW M47764)

 
 

Consilia. Ludovicus Bologninus, Peregrino Pasquale, Dominicus Bertochus: Venezia 1486 (Hain *12348) (GW M47773)

 
 

Consilia. Robertus Strozius, Petrus Bargetanus, Sigismund Rodt et socii pro Bastiano et Raphaele Orlandis: Pescia 1488 (Hain *12352) (GW M47780). 118 consilia.

 
 

Consilia. Jacobus de Paganinis: Venezia 1491 (Hain *12353) (GW M47782). 118 consilia. “Infrascripta sunt consilia utilia et quotidiana noviter in lucem edita secundi voluminis reverendi patris preclarissimi iuris pontificii monarce d. Nicolai de Tudeschis abbatis Monacensis Siculi Panormitani.” Consilium 1: “Quidam nomine Cola civis et habitator Fani manifestus usurarius ut probari dicitur, volens suo pudori parcere et sepultura ecclesiastica non carere ac testandi facultate non privari accersitis rectore parrochie notario et testibus sub infrascripta forma cautionem prestitit.” Consilium 118: “In causa seu controversia que ad presens vertitur inter dominam Joannam Mutinensem ex una parte et Simonem de Casonis ex alia, plura conclusive tamen iuxta ordinem sunt videnda”.

 
 

Consilia. s.e. [Heinrich Eggestein]: s.l. [Strasbourg] s.a. (Hain 12343) (GW M47759). GW leaves it undated. 104 numbered consilia, all ascribed to N., with three additional consilia specifically said not to be by N.. The final folio of the online edition contains the text reported by Hain on fol. 117, but does not contain the date (1474), nor does it contain the promised table.

 
 

Consilia. Johann Siber: Venezia 1500 (Hain 12359) (GW M48058). Also contains quaestiones.

 
No. 06

Repetitiones.

 
Early Printed Editions

Repetitiones. Note: Separate early editions of the repetitiones seem to be relatively rare, but there may be a some tucked in uncatalogued at the appropriate place in the editions of the commentary on the decretals, in the consilia, or in the quaestiones.

 
No. 06a

On X 1.2.10 (Ecclesia Sanctae Mariae, De constitutionibus), 1424 or 1425.

 
Early Printed Editions

Disputationes. Johann Koelhoff: Köln 1477, fol. 75v-87v (Hain *12355) (GW M48033)

 
 

On X 1.2.10 (Ecclesia Sanctae Mariae, De constitutionibus). Bernardinus Stagninus: Venezia 1491 (Hain 12369, 15601) (GW 10951). A printing of a number of works, principally Goffredus de Trano’s Summa super titulis decretalium; hence, the double Hain number.

 
No. 06b

On X 1.43.9 (Per tuas litteras, De arbitris).

 
Early Printed Editions

Consilia. Venezia 1605, fol. 178v

 
No. 06c

On X 2.2.4 (Si quis contra clericum, De foro competenti), 1419.

 
Early Printed Editions

Disputationes. Johann Koelhoff: Köln 1477, fol. 87v-103v (Hain 12355) (GW M48033). Rubric [in fine]: “Repetitum fuit per me Nicolaum de Sicilia decretorum doctorem in Almo studio Senensi tunc ibi actualiter legentem Anno domini M.quadringentesimodecimonono &c”.

 
 

On X 2.2.4 (Si quis contra clericum, De foro competenti). Bernardinus Stagninus: Venezia 1491 (Hain 12369, 15601) (GW 10951). A printing of a number of works, principally Goffredus de Trano’s Summa super titulis decretalium; hence, the double Hain number.

 
No. 06d

On X 3.5.30 (Exstirpandae, De praebendis).

 
Early Printed Editions

Super Decretalium, III. s.e. [Johann Vydenast]: s.l. [Perugia] s.a. [?1476] (GW M48009). Appendix to commentary on X 3.

 
No. 07

Disputationes, quaestiones, allegationes.

 
Early Printed Editions

Disputationes, quaestiones, allegationes. Johann Koelhoff: Köln 1477, fol. 1r-75r (Hain *12355) (GW M48033). Also contains two repetitiones.

 
 

Disputationes, quaestiones, allegationes. Johann Herbort: Venezia 1483 (Hain *12356) (GW M48029). Not the same order as Köln 1477; begins Episcopus et quidam rector and ends with Gandulfus clericus.

 
 

Disputationes, quaestiones, allegationes. Johannes et Gregorius de Gregoriis: Venezia 1487 (Hain *12357) (GW M48026). Not the same order as Köln 1477; begins Episcopus et quidam rector and ends with Gandulfus clericus.

 
 

Disputationes, quaestiones, allegationes. Johannes et Gregorius de Gregoriis: Venezia 1488 (Hain 12361) (GW M48028). Probably a reprinting of the immediately previous ed., if it is separate at all.

 
 

Disputationes, quaestiones, allegationes. Baptista de Tortis: Venezia 1490 (Hain 12358) (GW M48031). Not the same order as Köln 1477; begins Episcopus et quidam rector and ends with Gandulfus clericus.

 
 

Disputationes, quaestiones, allegationes. Johann Siber: Venezia 1500 (Hain 12359) (GW M48058). Also contains consilia.

 
No. 07a

Quaestio ‘Sempronius clericus’.

 
Early Printed Editions

Sacrorum conciliorum collectio: De suprema papae authoritate. J. Mansi: Firenze 1759–1798, 30.1186–1188. Partial ed. only; Mansi attributes the work to 1426.

 
No. 07e

Quaestio ‘Episcopus et quidam rector’, 1426.

 
Early Printed Editions

Quaestio ‘Episcopus et quidam rector’. Pavia 1511, fol. 2r-7v

 
 

Consilia, quaestiones et tractatus Panormitani. s.l. 1539, fol. 138r-143r. Ed. attributes the work to 1426.

 
 

Quaestio ‘Episcopus et quidam rector’. Venezia 1569, fol. 195r-202v

 
 

Quaestio ‘Episcopus et quidam rector’. Köln 1577, fol. 125r-132v

 
 

Quaestio ‘Episcopus et quidam rector’. Venezia 1591, fol. 139r-146r

 
 

Quaestio ‘Episcopus et quidam rector’. Venezia 1617. Nörr, Kirche und Konzil 6 and n.15, discovered that this ed. contained many interpolations.

 
No. 08a

Ecce nunc tempus acceptabile, 1433.

 
Early Printed Editions

Sacrorum conciliorum collectio: Ecce nunc tempus acceptabile. J. Mansi: Firenze 1759–1798, 30.498–507

 
No. 08c

Miratur hec sancta synodus, 1437.

 
Early Printed Editions

Sacrorum conciliorum collectio: Miratur hec sancta synodus. J. Mansi: Firenze 1759–1798, 31.237–242

 
No. 08d

Maximum onus, 1438.

 
Early Printed Editions

Sacrorum conciliorum collectio: Maximum onus. J. Mansi: Firenze 1759–1798, 30.1123–1184

 
No. 08g

Tractatus de concilio Basiliensi: “Quoniam veritas verborum”, 1442.

 
Early Printed Editions

Tractatus de concilio Basiliensi: “Quoniam veritas verborum”. s.e. [Vincent de Portonariis]: Lyon after 1504 (GW M48065). Pennington, ‘Nicolaus de Tudeschis’ notes: “‘Quoniam veritas’ was printed sine loco et sine dato very early and was included in some of the printed editions of his consilia and quaestiones during the sixteenth century. Tedeschi, ‘Nicolò dei Tedeschi’ 453 n.3-5, notes that the tract was defaced in some of the later editions”.

 
No. 09

Ordo iudiciarius.

 
Early Printed Editions

Ordo iudiciarius. Leuven 1475 (Hain 12363) (GW 2840). Hain records records seven other editions (H 1260, 1262, 1264-1268) that attribute this work to Panormitanus. See below.

 
 

Ordo iudiciarius. Bernardinus de Vitalibus: Venezia 1499 (Hain 12366) (GW 2850). Incipit: “Celeberrimum opus practice Abbatis Siculi; Practica abbatis”; Incipit: “hic eximus iudiciarius ordo; Rex pacificus cunctorum causa effectiva et finalis.” There seems little doubt that this is, in fact, the Processus iudiciarius of Johannes Auerbach (q.v. s.n. Urbach). H 2126 (GW 02851) Leipzig: Moritz Brandis, [14]89 is clearly the same work and is correctly attributed.

 
No. 11

Flores utriusque iuris.

 
Early Printed Editions

Flores utriusque iuris. Köln 1500 (Hain 12371)

 

Text(s) – Modern Editions

No. 08c

Miratur hec sancta synodus.

 
Modern Editions

‘Miratur hec sancta synodus’, ed. E. von Birk, Concilium Basileense: Scriptorum tomus primus-quartum , 4 vols. in 8 (Monumenta conciliorum generalium seculi decimi quinti 1-4 [= MCG]; Wien 1857–1935) 2.1006-1010.

 
No. 08d

Maximum onus.

 
Modern Editions

‘Maximum onus’, ed. E. von Birk, Concilium Basileense: Scriptorum tomus primus-quartum , 4 vols. in 8 (Monumenta conciliorum generalium seculi decimi quinti 1-4 [= MCG]; Wien 1857–1935) 2.1144-1193.

 
No. 08e

Mecum tacitus.

 
Modern Editions

‘Mecum tacitus’, ed. G. Beckman, Deutsche Reichstagaskten unter König Albrecht II. Part 1: 1438 (Historische Kommission bei der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften [=DRA] 13; Stuttgart-Gotha 1925; repr. Göttingen 1957) 13.195-213.

 
No. 08f

Tractatus brevis.

 
Modern Editions

‘Non fuit moris mei’, ed. R. Zeno, Archivo Storico per la Sicilia orientale 5 (1908) 350–77.

 
 

‘Non fuit moris mei’, ed. J. von Döllinger, Beiträge zur politischen, kirchlichen und cultur-geschichte der sechs letzten jahrhunderte. 2: Materialien zur Geschichte des fünfzehnten und sechszehnten Jahrhunderts (Regensburg 1863) 414-441.

 
No. 08g

Tractatus de concilio Basiliensi: “Quoniam veritas verborum”.

 
Modern Editions

‘Quoniam veritas verborum’, ed. H. Herre, Deutsche Reichstagaskten unter Kaiser Friedrich III. Part 2: 1441-1442 (Historische Kommission bei der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften [=DRA] 16; Stuttgart-Gotha 1928; repr. Göttingen 1957) 16.246-248, 439-538.

 

Literature

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