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Bio-Bibliographical Guide to Medieval and Early Modern Jurists

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Report No. r084

Baldus de Ubaldis

c. 1327–1400

 

Alternative Names

Ubaldi; Baldo degli (LC); Baldus de Perusio; Baldo degli Ubaldi; Baldo da Perugio; Baldus Perusinus; Baldus Ubaldus

 

Biography/Description

Baldus, one of the most famous jurists of the Middle Ages, began his studies in his hometown, Perugia. He later went to Pisa, where Bartolus of Sassoferrato was among his teachers in Roman law, and Federicus Petruccius in canon law. The date of Baldus’ his doctorate is unknown, but from as early as 1351 we find him as a professor of law at Perugia. Between 1357–58, he was probably at Pisa; 1359–64 at Florence; 1365–76 at Perugia; 1376–79 at Padua; 1379–90 again at Perugia; and 1390–1400 at Pavia where he also held a canon law chair at least from 1395–96. Among Baldus’ students were Pierre Roger de Beaufort (Pope Gregory XI) and the jurists Petrus de Ancharano and Paulus de Castro.

In addition to teaching law, Baldus took an active role in political affairs. While at Perugia, he was employed as the advocate of the merchant’s guild, held public offices and served on diplomatic missions. After the death of his teacher Bartolus in 1357, Baldus was the most renowned jurist in Europe.

As a canonist, Baldus wrote an incomplete commentary on the Decretales, as well as short works on Liber sextus, and the Clementines. He composed a Margarita to Innocent IV’s commentary on the Decretales, Additiones to Guilelmus Durantis’s Speculum iudiciale. Baldus wrote a variety of small treatises, but a number of treatises bearing his name are not his work. Baldus also wrote approximately 2,500 Consilia on problems ranging from simple commercial disputes to major political issues such as the Great Schism.

 

Text(s)

 
No. 1

Lectura super Decretalibus. The Lectura is incomplete; it omits commentary from X 2.1.12 – X 2.4.1 in medio. The manuscripts may contain different versions of this work.

 
No. 10

Tractatus.

 
No. 11

Apparatus substitutionum, 1584.

 
No. 12

Circa materiam testium, 1584.

 
No. 13

De constituto, 1584.

 
No. 14

De pactis, 1584.

 
No. 15

De sindicatu officialium, 1584.

 
No. 16

De tabellionibus, cum aliquibus additionibus Martini de Fano, 1584.

 
No. 17

Regulae generales statutorum, 1584.

 
No. 18

Tractatus de aditione cum inventario, 1584.

 
No. 19

Tractus doctus iuxta, ac elegans, de statutis: alphabetico ordine congestus, 1584.

 
No. 2

Lectura super Sexto Decretalium.

 
No. 3

Lectura super Clementinis.

 
No. 4

De regulis iuris.

 
No. 5

Margarita seu repertorium in commentario Innocentii IV.

 
No. 6

Additiones ad Speculum Guillelmi Duranti.

 
No. 7

Apostillae ad glossam ordinariam in Clementinas.

 
No. 8

Margarita iuris. Also known as the Repertorium iuris.

 
No. 9

Consilia. Baldus’s many consilia enjoy a complex history. Manuscript evidence indicates that Baldus revised some of them years after he first drafted them. The history of the printed editions have compounded the problem by printing consilia from different periods in his life. The two earliest editions, Brescia (1490–91) and Venice (1491), seem to derive from earlier versions, while the Milan edition (dated 1489–93, though Pennington has proven that it must have been printed after the Brescia and Venice editions) and all subsequent editions derive from manuscripts which were passed on to a certain Savelli and seem to be from a later period. These editions have many different consilia than in the Brescia/Venice group and are ordered differently. Obviously, a very considerable amount of research needs to be done with the manuscripts of Baldus’s consilia as well as the early printed editions to understand their development and meaning. See Pennington, ‘Consilia’, for a more extensive discussion of these problems.

 

Text(s) – Manuscripts

No. 1

Lectura super Decretalibus.

 
Manuscript

München, BSB Clm 3629, fol. 58r–63v (Only two fragments of Baldus’s commentary from X 2.13.11 – 2.14.4 remain in Clm 3629; ends at X 3.2.8.)

 
 

Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 1047

 
 

Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 1059

 
No. 2

Lectura super Sexto Decretalium.

 
Manuscript

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2233 (Excerpts from V.1–3)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 5925, fol. 1ra–23vb

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Barb. lat 1398

 
 

München, BSB Clm 24164, fol. 48v–85r (Rubric: ‘Incipit lectura domini Baldi super Sexto’, Incipit: ‘Gratia per papam facta et morte pape’)

 
No. 3

Lectura super Clementinis.

 
Manuscript

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 5925, fol. 42ra–49vb

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Barb. lat. 1398

 
 

München, BSB Clm 24164, fol. 35r–48r (Rubric: ‘Baldus super Clementinis: De constitutionibus’, incipit: ‘Constitutiones que occulcantur non ligant etiam si conditor uelit ligare’)

 
No. 4

De regulis iuris.

 
Manuscript

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 5925, fol. 23vb–42ra

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Barb. lat. 1398

 
 

München, BSB Clm. 24164, fol. 1r–27r (Incipit: ‘Vicarius Iesu Christi qui totius ecclesie monarcha omnium Christianorum supremus et unicus patriarcha in monarchia uero imperii dudum est, quod non multum laboravit ad sui iuris dubia decidenda’)

 
No. 5

Margarita seu repertorium in commentario Innocentii IV.

 
Manuscript

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2363, fol. 65ra–107vb

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2637, fol. 58ra–109rb,

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2678, fol. 131ra–189ra

 
No. 6

Additiones ad Speculum Guillelmi Duranti.

 
Manuscript

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2342

 
No. 7

Apostillae ad glossam ordinariam in Clementinas.

 
Manuscript

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 1398 (See S.Kuttner, ‘Appostillae)

 
No. 8

Margarita iuris.

 
Manuscript

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2637

 
No. 9

Consilia.

 
Manuscript

Chicago, Univ. Chicago Libr. 6 (Analyzed in BMCL 15 [1985] 95–115)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 8069 (analysed by A. Campitelli and F. Liotta [1961–62], who have also edited four consilia of Baldus, ibid. 403–06, from the same MS, not included in the printed collections as listed ibid. 391 n.24))

 

Text(s) – Early Printed Editions

No. 1

Lectura super Decretalibus.

 
Early Printed Editions

Lectura super Decretalibus. Milano 1478

 
 

Lectura super Decretalibus. s.l. 1489

 
 

Lectura super Decretalibus. Venezia 1491

 
 

Lectura super Decretalibus. Venezia 1495

 
 

Lectura super Decretalibus. Venezia 1500

 
 

Lectura super Decretalibus. Lyon 1551

 
 

Lectura super Decretalibus. Venezia 1595. repr. Torino 1971.

 
No. 10

Tractatus.

 
Early Printed Editions

Tractatus. Lyon 1585

 
 

Tractatus. Venezia 1615

 
No. 11

Apparatus substitutionum, 1584.

 
Early Printed Editions

Tractatus universi iuris. F. Ziletti: Venezia 1584, 8.1.201rb

 
No. 12

Circa materiam testium, 1584.

 
Early Printed Editions

Tractatus universi iuris. F. Ziletti: Venezia 1584, 4.71ra

 
No. 13

De constituto, 1584.

 
Early Printed Editions

Tractatus universi iuris. F. Ziletti: Venezia 1584, 6.1.38rb

 
No. 14

De pactis, 1584.

 
Early Printed Editions

Tractatus universi iuris. F. Ziletti: Venezia 1584, 6.1.2ra

 
No. 15

De sindicatu officialium, 1584.

 
Early Printed Editions

Tractatus ex variis iuris interpretibus. Lyon 1549

 
 

Tractatus universi iuris. F. Ziletti: Venezia 1584, 7.224vb

 
No. 16

De tabellionibus, cum aliquibus additionibus Martini de Fano, 1584.

 
Early Printed Editions

Tractatus universi iuris. F. Ziletti: Venezia 1584, 3.1.364va

 
No. 17

Regulae generales statutorum, 1584.

 
Early Printed Editions

Tractatus universi iuris. F. Ziletti: Venezia 1584, 2.155ra

 
No. 18

Tractatus de aditione cum inventario, 1584.

 
Early Printed Editions

Tractatus universi iuris. F. Ziletti: Venezia 1584, 8.2.323ra

 
No. 19

Tractus doctus iuxta, ac elegans, de statutis: alphabetico ordine congestus, 1584.

 
Early Printed Editions

Tractatus universi iuris. F. Ziletti: Venezia 1584, 2.86ra

 
No. 5

Margarita seu repertorium in commentario Innocentii IV.

 
Early Printed Editions

Margarita seu repertorium in commentario Innocentii IV. Strasbourg s.a. (Hain 2335)

 
 

Margarita seu repertorium in commentario Innocentii IV. Lyon 1525

 
 

Margarita seu repertorium in commentario Innocentii IV. Frankfurt 1570

 
 

Margarita seu repertorium in commentario Innocentii IV. Venezia 1570

 
 

Margarita seu repertorium in commentario Innocentii IV. Venezia 1578

 
 

Margarita seu repertorium in commentario Innocentii IV. Lyon 1578

 
 

Margarita seu repertorium in commentario Innocentii IV. Torino 1581

 
No. 6

Additiones ad Speculum Guillelmi Duranti.

 
Early Printed Editions

Additiones ad Speculum Guillelmi Duranti. Roma s.a.

 
 

Additiones ad Speculum Guillelmi Duranti. Roma s.a.

 
No. 8

Margarita iuris.

 
Early Printed Editions

Margarita iuris. Milano 1489

 
 

Margarita iuris. s.l. 1491

 
 

Margarita iuris. Venezia 1499

 
 

Margarita iuris. s.l. 1499

 
No. 9

Consilia.

 
Early Printed Editions

Consilia. Brescia 1490-91. Partes I-V.

 
 

Consilia. Venezia 1491. Partes I-V.

 
 

Consilia. Milano 1489-1493?. Partes I-V.

 
 

Consilia. Lyon 1543

 
 

Consilia. Leyden 1559

 
 

Consilia. Venezia 1575. repr. Torino 1970.

 

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