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Bio-Bibliographical Guide to Medieval and Early Modern Jurists

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Report No. r033

Andreas de Escobar

1348–1448

 

Alternative Names

Andrés de Escobar (LC); Andreas Megarensis; Andreas Hispanus; André Dias; Andreas Didaci; André de Rendufe; Andreas Ulixbonensis; André de Lisboa

 

Biography/Description

Born in Lisbon in 1348, Andreas first joined the Dominicans, then (1399) the Augustinians, and finally became a Benedictine monk. In 1393, he obtained his doctorate in theology at Vienna and was later made proctor of the Duke of Austria at the papal curia, where he also served a papal penitentiary. He wrote several treatises on practical and pastoral matters such as confession and the payment of tithes. He further wrote a pamphlet concerning the agenda and organization of the Council of Basel, which he dedicated to the presiding Cardinal Giuliano Cesarini (1431). But towards the end of his very long life (d. 1448), he complained that he was never properly rewarded for his academic efforts. His income as bishop of Ciudad Rodrigo (since 1408), then Ajaccio (1422), and finally Megara (1428) was obviously low. His manuals on confession, however, eventually became a tremendous success.

 

Text(s)

 
No. 1

Lumen confessorum.

 
No. 2

Confessio minor seu Modus confitendi.

 
No. 3

Confessio maior.

 
No. 4

De decimis.

 
No. 5

Canones penitentiales.

 

Text(s) – Manuscripts

No. 1

Lumen confessorum.

 
Manuscript

Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Theol. 101

 
 

Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Theol. 211

 
 

Cambrai, BM 272

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Reg. lat. 442

 
 

München, BSB Clm 3712

 
 

München, BSB Clm 5966

 
 

München, BSB Clm 7599

 
 

München, BSB Clm 9760

 
 

Paris, Bibl. Mazarine 1138

 
 

Praha, Univ. Knihovna IX B.7, fol. 326–72,

 
 

Praha, Univ. Knihovna V.G.13, fol. 62–142

 
 

Wien, ÖNB 4212

 
 

Wien, ÖNB 4463

 
 

Wrocław, Bibl. Univ. II.F.88

 
No. 2

Confessio minor seu Modus confitendi.

 
Manuscript

Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Theol. 101

 
 

Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Theol. 211

 
 

Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Theol. 214

 
 

Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Theol. 225

 
 

Cambrai, BM 261

 
 

München, BSB Clm 672

 
 

München, BSB Clm 5932

 
 

München, BSB Clm 15185

 
 

München, BSB Clm 17592

 
 

München, BSB Clm 28384

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 1805

 
 

Strasbourg, BM 126

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Reg. lat. 431

 
No. 3

Confessio maior.

 
Manuscript

Berlin, Staatsbibl. theol. lat. fol. 412, fol. 150ra–176va

 
 

Madrid, BN 4183, fol. 65r–71r (A Spanish Version)

 
No. 4

De decimis.

 
Manuscript

Melk, Stiftsbibl. 4

 
 

Göttweig, Stiftsbibl. 37

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 10745

 
 

Praha, Univ. Knihovna I.C.15

 
 

Stuttgart, Würtembergische Landesbibl. HB VI.117, fol.1r–13v

 

Text(s) – Early Printed Editions

No. 1

Lumen confessorum.

 
Early Printed Editions

Lumen confessorum. 1487 (Hain 9258)

 
 

Lumen confessorum. s.l. s.a. (Hain 9251)

 
 

Lumen confessorum. s.l. s.a. (Hain 9252)

 
 

Lumen confessorum. s.l. s.a. (Hain 9253)

 
 

Lumen confessorum. s.l. s.a. (Hain 9254)

 
 

Lumen confessorum. s.l. [Roma] s.a. (Hain 9255)

 
 

Lumen confessorum. s.l. [Roma] s.a. (Hain 9256)

 
 

Lumen confessorum. s.l. [Roma] s.a. (Hain 9257)

 
No. 2

Confessio minor seu Modus confitendi.

 
Early Printed Editions

Confessio minor seu Modus confitendi. Köln 1478 (Hain 11455)

 
 

Confessio minor seu Modus confitendi. Deventer 1490 (Hain 1016, 11009)

 
 

Confessio minor seu Modus confitendi. Deventer 1497 (Hain 1017, 11010)

 
 

Confessio minor seu Modus confitendi. s.l. s.a. (Hain 997)

 
 

Confessio minor seu Modus confitendi. s.l. s.a. (Hain 998)

 
 

Confessio minor seu Modus confitendi. s.l. s.a. (Hain 999)

 
 

Confessio minor seu Modus confitendi. s.l. s.a. (Hain 1000)

 
 

Confessio minor seu Modus confitendi. s.l. s.a. (Hain 1001)

 
 

Confessio minor seu Modus confitendi. s.l. s.a. (Hain 1002)

 
 

Confessio minor seu Modus confitendi. s.l. [Roma] s.a. (Hain 1003)

 
 

Confessio minor seu Modus confitendi. s.l. s.a. (Hain 1004)

 
 

Confessio minor seu Modus confitendi. s.l. s.a. (Hain 1005)

 
 

Confessio minor seu Modus confitendi. s.l. s.a. (Hain 1006)

 
 

Confessio minor seu Modus confitendi. s.l. s.a. (Hain 1007)

 
 

Confessio minor seu Modus confitendi. s.l. s.a. (Hain 1008)

 
 

Confessio minor seu Modus confitendi. s.l. s.a. (Hain 1009)

 
 

Confessio minor seu Modus confitendi. s.l. s.a. (Hain 1010)

 
 

Confessio minor seu Modus confitendi. s.l. s.a. (Hain 1011)

 
 

Confessio minor seu Modus confitendi. s.l. s.a. (Hain 1012)

 
 

Confessio minor seu Modus confitendi. s.l. s.a. (Hain 1013)

 
 

Confessio minor seu Modus confitendi. s.l. s.a. (Hain 1014)

 
 

Confessio minor seu Modus confitendi. s.l. [Memmingen] s.a. (Hain 1015)

 
 

Confessio minor seu Modus confitendi. s.l. [Mainz] s.a. (Hain 11451)

 
 

Confessio minor seu Modus confitendi. s.l. s.a. (Hain 11452)

 
 

Confessio minor seu Modus confitendi. s.l. s.a. (Hain 11453)

 
 

Confessio minor seu Modus confitendi. s.l. s.a. (Hain 11454)

 
 

Confessio minor seu Modus confitendi. Deventer 1504

 
 

Confessio minor seu Modus confitendi. Strasbourg 1508

 
No. 3

Confessio maior.

 
Early Printed Editions

Confessio maior.

 
No. 4

De decimis.

 
Early Printed Editions

Tractatus universi iuris. F. Ziletti: Venezia 1584, 15.2.142v-147vb

 

Text(s) – Modern Editions

No. 5

Canones penitentiales.

 
Modern Editions

Die Bussordnungen der abendländischen Kirche, ed. F. Wasserschleben (Halle 1851; repr. Graz 1958) 688–705.

 

Literature

A. García y García, ‘La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano’, Repertorio de historia de las ciencias ecclesiasticas en España (Salamanca 1967) 1.420–21.

A. García y García, ‘La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano’, Repertorio de historia de las ciencias ecclesiasticas en España (Salamanca 1976) 5.356–59.

A. García y García, ‘La canonística española posclasica’, SG 19 (1976) 233.

A. García y García, Estudios sobre la canonística portuguesa medieval (Madrid 1976) 139–42.

A. de Sousa Costa, ‘Posizione di Giovanni di Dio, Andrea Dias de Escobar e altri canonisti sulla funzione sociale delle decime’, Proceedings Toronto (MIC C–5; Città del Vaticano 1976) 411–466.

A. de Sousa Costa, Mestre André Dias de Escobar, figura ecuménica do século XV (Roma 1967).

P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuals de confession au moyen âge (XII–XVI siècles) (Louvain 1962) 70–71.

R. Stapper, ‘Das “Lumen confessorum” des Andreas Didaci’, Römische Quartalsschrift für christliche Altertumskunde und Kirchengeschichte 11 (1897) 271–85.

J. von Schulte, QL 2.439–41.