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Bio-Bibliographical Guide to Medieval and Early Modern Jurists

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Report No. c011

Aldricus

fl. 1150s–70s

 

Alternative Names

Aldrico

 

Biography/Description

Jurist and judge active in Bologna from 1154 to 1177. Possibly served as legal counselor to Eugenius III (1145–53); also documented in Modena. Lange has doubted his teaching activity and attributed his designation ‘magister’ as a title indicating that he never achieved the stature of ‘doctor’. Others have suggested the title indicates that he taught canon as well as civil law. His canonistic activities we know only indirectly, however, through the references of other canonists (Egidius, Huguccio) of the 1180s. He enjoyed a high reputation among later glossators even though no self-standing work attributed to him survives and he is cited far less frequently than others in glosses and the Dissensiones dominorum. He is referred to by his full name or with the siglum ‘Ald’ or ‘Aldri’.

 

Text(s)

 
No. 1

Quaestio de diuersis consuetudinibus. One question recorded in the Dissensiones dominorum discussing how a judge is to decide a case when the two litigants come from different provinces with different customs.

 

Text(s) – Modern Editions

No. 1

Quaestio de diuersis consuetudinibus.

 
Modern Editions

Dissensiones dominorum sive controversiae veterum iuris romani interpretum qui glossatores vocantur, ed. G. Haenel (Leipzig 1834) Chod Chis. §46.

 

Literature

E. Conte, ‘Aldrico’, in DGI (2013) 1.35–36.

H. Lange, Römisches Recht im Mittelalter 1.202–204.

J. Fried, Die Entstehung des Juristenstandes im 12. Jahrhundert (Köln 1974) 187–88.

E. Cortese, La norma giuridica: Spunti teorici nel diritto comune classico (Milano 1962/64) passim.

S. Kuttner, ‘Anglo-Norman Canonists of the Twelfth Century’, Traditio 7 (1949/51) 301 n.32.

K. Neumeyer, Die gemeinrechtliche Entwicklung des internationalen Privat– und Strafrechts bis Bartolus, vol. 2: Die gemeinrechtliche Entwicklung bis zur Mitte des 13. Jahrhunderts (München/Berlin/Leipzig 1916) 66–68.

F. von Savigny, Geschichte 4.231–36.