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Report No. a167

Compilatio prima

1189–1192

 

Alternative Names

Breuiarium extrauagantium

 

Biography/Description

A decretal collection compiled by Bernardus Papiensis (Balbus) at Bologna beween the years 1189 and 1192, likely in more than one phase.

 

Text(s)

 
No. 1

Compilatio prima, 1190/91. There are over 140 manuscripts containing all or part of Compilatio prima still in existence. G. Fransen did extensive study on the development of Bernardus’s decretal collection, although he only published a portion of his results. He argued that this work passed through several phases of development, though it is not clear that Bernardus was responsible for each phase. Acording to Fransen, the manuscripts of Compilatio prima may be divided into three main groups and a few intermediate versions. The first group is the oldest version and designated Σ by Fransen; it omits 26 of the 912 chapters which Friedberg presents in his edition. The second, or French, group is also called group Φ by Fransen; some chapters omitted in group Σ have been added. This may have happenned in two or perhaps more stages: 1. 10 chapters omitted which are also omitted in the oldest group; 2. Only 2–5 chapters omitted (manuscripts vary on 1.12.2 and 4.4.4-5); Fransen believes this subgroup had a single common ancestor. In total this group contains 38 manuscripts: 29 are French/Belgian/Swiss, 7 are German, and 2 are Austrian. The third main group presents the classic version as contained in Friedberg’s edition (designated group Λ by Fransen). 36 manuscripts: 12 French, 11 German, 7 Italian, and 6 Austrian. Fransen also identified three intermediate versions: (1) an archaic version, (2) a version close to but distinct from the French Group (or Φ), and (3) a version between that of the oldest group (Σ) and the classic group (Λ). Fransen never published a complete listing of which manuscripts fall within each group.

 

Text(s) – Manuscripts

No. 1

Compilatio prima, 1190/91.

 
Manuscript

Admont, Stiftsbibl. 22

 
 

Alba Iulia, Bibl. Batthyan. 166

 
 

Angers, BM 375 [362]

 
 

Arras, BM 505 [597]

 
 

Arras, BM 956 [75], fol. 1–29

 
 

Avranches, BM 149, fol. 7–77

 
 

Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 19, fol. 1–78

 
 

Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 20, fol. 1–54v

 
 

Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 21, fol. 1–100

 
 

Beaune, BM 19, fol. 1–89

 
 

Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat. fol. 231 (Gives version close to but distinct from the French Group (group Φ))

 
 

Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat. fol. 306 [Rose # 621 II], fol. 1–60

 
 

Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat. fol. 427, fol. 1–87v

 
 

Bonn, Universitäts- u. Landesbibl. ??? (formerly Bibl. Böcking, then owned by Schulte?)

 
 

Bordeaux, BM 400

 
 

Brugge, Stedelijke Bibl. 367

 
 

Brugge, Grootseminarie 44–63, fol. 1–86v

 
 

Bruxelles/Brussel, Bibl. Royale 1407–09 (Kat. 2560), fol. 1–90

 
 

Burgo de Osma, Bibl. Catedral 6, fol. 2–115v

 
 

Cambridge, Gonville & Caius Coll. 17 [James 28] pp. 1–134

 
 

Cambridge, Gonville & Caius Coll. 150 [James 44], fol. 3–79v

 
 

Chalon-sur-Saône, BM 15, fol. 169–76

 
 

Chartres, BM 318 [355], fol. 1–76v

 
 

Chartres, BM 384 [462], fol. 49–104

 
 

Cheltenham, Thirlestaine House Phil. 2136 (This had been sold as of 1937.)

 
 

Córdoba, Bibl. Cabildo 22

 
 

Douai, BM 593, fol. 1–74

 
 

Douai, BM 594

 
 

Douai, BM 595

 
 

Durham, Cath. Libr. C.III.3, fol. 1–73v

 
 

Durham, Cath. Libr. C.III.4

 
 

Épinal, BM 72

 
 

Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 349, fol. 1–72

 
 

El Escorial, Bibl. San Lorenzo K.I.9

 
 

Firenze, Bibl. Laurenz. Plut. 3 (olim S. Croce III) sin.6 (The library currently identifies this manuscript with the Plutei designation, but the literature often refers to it with the S. Croce one.)

 
 

Firenze, Bibl. Laurenz. IV sin. 2

 
 

Firenze, BN Conv. Sopp. da ordinare, Vallombrosa 38 (327), fol. 9ra–64vb

 
 

Freiburg im Breisgau, Universitätsbibl. 361a

 
 

Fulda, Landesbibl. D.5, fol. 1–83

 
 

Fulda, Landesbibl. D.6

 
 

Genève, Bibl. Genève lat. 167

 
 

Giessen, Universitätsbibl. MCV, fol. 1v–46

 
 

Graz, Universitätsbibl. 374

 
 

Graz, Universitätsbibl. III.106

 
 

Graz, Universitätsbibl. III.138

 
 

Grenoble, BM 476 (Belongs to the oldest version (group designated Σ by Fransen); it omits 26 of the 912 chapters which Friedberg presents in his edition.)

 
 

Halle, Universitäts- u. Landesbibl. Ye.52 [ps.III]

 
 

Halle, Universitäts- u. Landesbibl. Ye.52 [ps.V], fol. 1v–5v

 
 

Halle, Universitäts- u. Landesbibl. Ye.80, fol. 1–78

 
 

Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibl. Aug. XL, fol. 1–82v

 
 

Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibl. CCX, fol. 1r–70va

 
 

Kraków, Arch. Kap. 89 (Belongs to the oldest version (group designated Σ by Fransen); it omits 26 of the 912 chapters which Friedberg presents in his edition.)

 
 

Laon, BM 385 (Version between that of Group Σ and Λ.)

 
 

Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 968, fol. 1–77v

 
 

Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 983, fol. 1–60v

 
 

Lille, BM 145, fol. 2–79

 
 

Lilienfeld, Stiftsbibl. 220 fol 1r–72va

 
 

Lincoln, Cath. Chap. 29, fol. 1–51v and 193–200v

 
 

Lincoln, Cath. Chap. 38, fol. 1–73

 
 

Lincoln, Cath. Chap. 163, fol. 1–83

 
 

Lisboa, BN Alcobaça 173 [304], fol. 10v–115 (very old)

 
 

Lisboa, BN Alcobaça 381 [305]

 
 

London, BL Harley 3834, fol. 2–119

 
 

London, BL Royal App. 4, fol. 1, 2–10v

 
 

London, Lambeth Palace Libr. 80, fol. 170–226

 
 

London, Lambeth Palace Libr. 105, fol. 137–213v

 
 

Lyon, Bibl. Univ. 6, fol. 1–65v

 
 

Madrid, Bibl. Acad. Historia 66 (fragment)

 
 

Melk, Stiftsbibl. F.33

 
 

Melk, Stiftsbibl. I.37

 
 

Modena, Bibl. Estense XII.L.8

 
 

Monte Cassino, Bibl. Abbazia 46 pp. 1–178

 
 

Monte Cassino, Bibl. Abbazia 67 pp. 1–161

 
 

Monte Cassino, Bibl. Abbazia 183 pp. 1–174

 
 

Monte Cassino, Bibl. Abbazia 468 pp. 87–203

 
 

München, BSB Clm 3879, fol. 1–97v

 
 

München, BSB Clm 6352, fol. 1–77

 
 

München, BSB Clm 7430, fol. 1–106

 
 

München, BSB Clm 8302, fol. 1–93

 
 

Olomouc, Státni Archiv 589

 
 

Ourense, Bibl. Cap. Frag. 37b (fragment)

 
 

Orléans, BM 223

 
 

Padova, Bibl. Anton. 41

 
 

Paris, BN lat 1540 fol 2ra–67vb

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 3925

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 3929

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 3930

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 3931

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 3932

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 3953

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 9632

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 14321

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 14610, fol. 3–175v

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 15398, fol. 3–73

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 15398, fol. 204–279

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 15399

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 15996

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 15997 (Gives version close to but distinct from the French Group (group Φ))

 
 

Paris, BN nouv. acq. lat. 2127

 
 

Paris, BN nouv. acq. lat. 2192

 
 

Paris, Bibl. Mazarine 1292, fol. 160–98

 
 

Perugia, BC L.69 [817], fol. 1–107

 
 

Piacenza, Bibl. Cap. 35 (47)

 
 

Reims, BM 690, fol. 1–114

 
 

Reims, BM 692, fol. 36–111

 
 

Rouen, BM 706 [E.54], fol. 1–80

 
 

Sigüenza, Arch. Catedral 10 (Belongs to the oldest version (group designated Σ by Fransen); it omits 26 of the 912 chapters which Friedberg presents in his edition.)

 
 

Sigüenza, Arch. Catedral 40

 
 

Sion, Arch. Cap Aval II (very old)

 
 

Sankt Gallen, Stiftsbibl. 715

 
 

Saint-Omer, BM 107 [450], fol. 3–114v

 
 

Saint-Omer, BM 447

 
 

Toledo, Arch. Cap. 20–12

 
 

Toledo, Arch. Cap. 36–12

 
 

Toledo, Arch. Cap. G 6–1

 
 

Toledo, Arch. Cap. G 7–7 (fragments only)

 
 

Tortosa, Bibl. Cap. 269, fol. 1–93r

 
 

Toulouse, BM 368, fol. 1–61

 
 

Tours, BM 569

 
 

Trier, Stadtbibl. 864, fol. 1–66

 
 

Trier, Stadtbibl. 876, fol. 1–92

 
 

Troyes, BM 102

 
 

Troyes, BM 385

 
 

Troyes, BM 944 (Gives version close to but distinct from the French Group (group Φ))

 
 

Valenciennes, BM 274

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 1377, fol. 2–98v

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2509, fol. 1–93

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Borgh. 264, fol. 1–74v

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Chigi. E.VII.207, fol. 1–88

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Ottob. lat. 1943

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Pal. lat. 288, fol. 219–287

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Pal. lat. 652, fol. 1–60 (Gives version close to but distinct from the French Group (group Φ))

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Pal. lat. 653, fol. 1–64v

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Pal. lat. 696

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Urb. lat. 178, fol. 1–77v

 
 

Vendôme, BM 89

 
 

Venezia, BN San Marco VIII.22, fol. 23–71

 
 

Vercelli, Bibl. Agnes. 23 [Ar.84]

 
 

Worcester, Cath. Libr. F.122 (Gives version close to but distinct from the French Group (group Φ))

 
 

Zwettl, Stiftsbibl. 30

 
 

Zwettl, Stiftsbibl. 34

 
 

Olomouc, VKOL C.O. 589 (folios unknown)

 
 

Olomouc, VKOL C.O. 590 (folios unknown)

 

Text(s) – Modern Editions

No. 1

Compilatio prima.

 
Modern Editions

Quinque compilationes antiquae, ed. E. Friedberg (Leipzig 1882; repr. Graz 1956) (In this edition, Friedberg presents only the texts of decretals which had been omitted from the Gregorian Decretals. He presented a register including incipits, explicits, and references to the Gregoriana for the remaining chapters. Thus, this edition must be used in conjunction with Friedberg’s edition of the Gregoriana: Corpus iuris canonici, vol. II (Leipzig 1879; repr. Graz 1956) 1–928. He claims to have used the following manuscripts for this edition: München, BSB, Clm 3879; Freiburg, Universitätsbibl., 361; München, BSB, Clm 6352; Fulda, Landesbibl., D.5; and Leipzig, Universitätsbibl., 983; as well as the edition of Antonio Augustín..)

 

Literature

K. Pennington, ‘Decretal Collections 1190–1234’, in The History of Medieval Canon Law in the Classical Period, 1140–1234: From Gratian to the Decretals of Pope Gregory IX, W. Hartmann and K. Pennington, ed. (History of Medieval Canon Law; Washington DC 2008) 293–317.

P. Landau, ‘Alttestamentliches Recht in der Compilatio I’, SG, 20 (1976) 111–33.

J. Brundage, ‘The Votive Obligations of Crusaders: The Development of a Canonistic Doctrine’, Traditio, 24 (1968) 92–93. Reprinted in: idem, The Crusades, Holy War and Canon Law (Collected Studies CS 338; Aldershot 1991) no. VI.

G. Fransen, ‘La tradition manuscrite de la “Compilatio prima”’, in Proceedings Boston, S. Kuttner, ed. (MIC C–1; Città del Vaticano 1965) 55–62.

C. Lefebvre, ‘Les gloses à la “Compilatio prima” et les problèmes qu’elles soulèvent’, in Proceedings Boston (MIC C–1; Città del Vaticano 1965) 66–67.

I. da Rosa Periera, ‘Dois Manuscritos Alcobacenses Da Primeira Compilação’, Lumen, 26 (1962) 1–23.

G. Fransen, ‘Les diverses formes de la compilatio prima’, in Scrinium Lovanensis: Melanges historiques Etienne van Cauwenbergh (Univ. of Louvain, Recueil de travaux d’histoire et de philologie 24; Louvain 1961).

A. Vetulani, ‘Deux intéressants manuscrits de la “Compilatio prima”’, Traditio, 12 (1956) 605–11.

S. Kuttner, Repertorium 329–44.

S. Kuttner, Repertorium 322–44.