The Ames Foundation

 

TRACTATUS UNIVERSI IURIS (VENICE 1584–86)

SpinesTUI

An ‘Ocean of Law’. The Harvard Law School’s copy of TUI1584 is bound in 29 physical volumes, 17 inches high, 18 ‘tomes’ in 25 physical volumes and 4 physical volumes of indices.


LIST OF AUTHORS

The following table lists all of the authors named in the first eight tomes of TUI 1584. It will be expanded as the lists of of authors and titles grows. The names are asigned a unique number that will eventually proceed alphabetically according to the lemma, but it should not be used until the list is complete. Most of the authors are given a brief biography, but in some cases in tomes 5 through 8, we simply gave a reference to where a biography could be found. We spent more time on those authors who are not well known or who have been misidentified in the past.

TUI 1584 gives the authors’ names in Latin. Starting at some uncertain date around 1200 or a bit later, library catalogues tend to give them in the vernacular; modern biographical dictionaries do so too, particularly when they are national biographies. We rather suspect that some of our authors’ mothers would be quite surprised at the vernacular names that have been assigned to their sons, particularly when there is no contemporary evidence to support the assignment. The damage is, however, done. Normally, if one wants to find a TUI 1584 author in modern scholarship, one needs the vernacular name. With this in mind, we have listed our authors from 1200 on under their vernacular names, unless the author is normally listed under his Latin name or unless we could not find him. Similarly, library cataloguers tend to list our authors alphabetically under the second element of the name, imagining it to be a surname, even though it frequently is not. Since it takes some doing to get from the Latin name in TUI to the vernacular surname, we have given cross-references from all the Latin names in TUI 1584 to the name where the main entry is found. These cross-references begin with the author’s Christian name, e.g., Achilles Personalis Mirandulanus, not Personalis, Achilles, Mirandulus. In a few cases we have also given the inverted version of the name as well, e.g., Aegidius, Jacobus, where we are aware that library catalogues list him that way. Christian names of authors given in TUI 1584 are somewhat normalized; for example, all authors with the Christian name ‘John’ are listed under ‘Joannes’, ignoring the spelling variations that are found in TUI 1584.

Most library catalogues make an exception for authors who are known only by their Christian name and what is obviously a toponym. DGI and DBI follow this practice as well, and so have we. Hence, Antonius de Butrio will be found under Antonio da Budrio, and not Budrio, Antonio da.

There is considerable variation in library catalogues in the listing of surnames that have a prefix (de, le, von, etc.). Our listings invert these prefixes. Hence, Nicolaus de Lescut will be found under Escut, Nicolas de l’, not l’Escut (or Lescut), Nicolas de.

The dating of the authors is complicated. Ideally, each author should be accompanied by the place and date of his birth and the place and date of his death, e.g. b. Milano 1492, d. Pavia 1550. We do not have, and will probably never have, that information for all of them. Probably the most common uncertainty is the date of birth, e.g., b. Rosciate c. 1290, d. Bergamo 1360, where ‘c.’ before the date stands for circa. Similarly, when it precedes a date, ‘a.’ stands for ante and ‘p.’ for post. Where the place of birth or death is known, but the date is not, the position for the date is supplied by an ellipsis, e.g., b. Cingoli ... , fl. 1568 – d. 1596. Where the date of birth or death is known, but not the place, it is omitted as in the previous example. Where the date of birth is not known, the first year in which the author appears is preceded by ‘fl.’ for floruit, once more as in the previous example.

Two dates separated by a dash without anything more, e.g., 1313/14–1357, are taken, by and large, from library catalogues. They indicate birth and death dates without regard to whether the place of either is known. The back slash (/) indicates ‘or’.

Where precise dates are unknown, we have attempted to place our authors in a century, e.g. 16th c., where ‘c.’ here stands for ‘century’. Where some, but not much, precision is possible, ‘16/1 c.’, ‘16/m c.’, and ‘16/2 c.’, stand for the first half, middle, and second half of the century respectively, and ‘sec. 16 ineunte’ stands for ‘the beginning’ of the named century.

The search for the authors was not particularly systematic. We pursued them pretty much in this order, in DGI, DBI, Lange and Lange/Kriechbaum (in the case of the latter two, only where the dates were early enough to make the pursuit worthwhile), DHGF, NDB, ADB, and MEMJ. As a general matter, if we found them there, we did pursue them any further. Failing these, we went to the CERL Thesaurus. The Thesaurus is a work in progress. Since it is derived from library catalogues, it is no better than is the information in those catalogues, and some of it is quite obviously wrong. The entries, however, almost always provide useful clues. From the Thesaurus, we pursued sources online until we reached an identification that we thought was reliable or, in a couple of cases, until we reached the point where it seemed clear that the author was obscure indeed.

The following abbreviations are used: ADB = Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, 56 vols. (1875–1912; reprint Berlin 1967–1971) (we used the online edition, accessed through the Biographie-Portal, and hence do not include the page numbers unless we found the reference elswhere); DBI = Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani, 79 vols. to date (1960- ) (we used the online edition and hence do not include the page numbers unless we found the reference elswhere); DHJF = Dictionnaire historique des juristes français: XIIe-XXe siècle, Patrick Arabeyre, Jean-Louis Halpérin, and Jacques Krynen, 2d ed. (Paris 2015); DGI = Dizionario Biografico dei Giuristi Italiani (XII – XX Secolo), Italo Birocchi et al., ed., 2 vols. (Bologna 2013); Jöcher = Christian Gottlieb Jöcher, Allgemeines Gelehrten-Lexicon, 4 vols. (Leipzig, 1750–1751); Lange, Glossatoren = Hermann Lange, Römisches Recht im Mittelalter: 1 Die Glossatoren (München 1997); Lange/Kriechbaum, Kommentatoren = Hermann Lange and Maximiliane Kriechbaum, Römisches Recht im Mittelalter: 2 Die Kommentatoren (München 2007); MEMJ = Medieval and Early Modern Jurists online (this is Kenneth Pennington’s online BioBibiliographical Guide to Medieval Canonists with some additions of civilians and sixteenth-century jurists and considerable updating); NDB = Neue Deutsche Biographie, 25 vols. to date (Berlin 1953– ) (we used the online edition, accessed through the Biographie-Portal, and hence do not include the page numbers unless we found the reference elswhere); Schulte = Johann Friedrich von Schulte, Die Geschichte der Quellen und Literatur des canonischen Rechts von Gratian bis auf die Gegenwart, 3 vols. (Stuttgart 1875–80); s.n. = sub nomine (used when the cited source does not list the author in the way that we have).

Errors, which certainly exist, are my responsibility; they can be called to our attention by sending us an email.

Charles Donahue, Jr.
September, 2016

 

AUTHORS

The following table lists the authors in tomes 1–8 in alphabetical order. Where the main entry for the author is given in a different form the entry the entry provides a cross-reference to the main enty. The main entries are accompanied by notes about the author and a list of items in TUI attributed to him. These items are linked to our summary of the contents of each tome. To proceed directly to the PDS of the tome, use Tractatus Universi Iuris (Venice 1584–86), Manifest of Digitized Volumes.

 

No. Author X-ref  
Note
Item
 Acceptantibus, Franciscus deFranciscus de Acceptantibus 
 Achilles Personalis MirandulanusPersonali, Achille 
 Adrianus Pulvaeus (Pulva)Poulvé, Adrien 
 Aegidius, JacobusJacobus Aegidii 
 Aemilius FerretusFerretti, Domenico 
 Albericius de Maletis PapiniensisMaletta, Alberico 
1Alberico da Rosciate (Albericus de Rosciate), b. Rosciate c. 1290, d. Bergamo 1360 
noteC. Storti, in DGI 1.20–3. A practicing lawyer, and not a university teacher, A. retired from practice and spent the last ten years of life writing about law. 
itemt. 2, fol. 2ra;
 Albertus Bolognetus Bolognetti, Alberto 
 Albertus Brunus AstensisBruni (Bruno), Alberto 
2Alciato (Alciati), Andrea, b. Milano 1492, d. Pavia 1550 
noteA. Belloni, E. Cortese, DBI 1.29-32. A. is a well-known humanist jurist, who has considerable claim to having brought the teaching of law in the humanist fashion to France. 
itemt. 4, fol. 304vb; t. 5, fol. 7va;
3Alfani, Giovanni Battista, d. Perugia 1483 
noteM. A. Panzanelli Fratoni, in DGI 1:37. A. was a merchant and not a law professor, but as the great-grandson of Bartolus, he obviously had some legal training, as his one work De arbitris et compromissis (t. 3.1, f. 147ra) shows. 
itemt. 3.1, fol. 224vb;
4Alfani, Tindaro, d. Perugia 1449 
noteA. Bassani, in DGI, 1.37. Tindaro was the brother of Giovanni Battista, and the great-grandson of Bartolus. He seems to have been a judge rather than a teacher, and died young of the plague. 
itemt. 4, fol. 147ra; t. 6.2, fol. 250va;
5Amadei (Amidei), Girolamo (Hieronymus Lucensis, Hieronymus de Luca), b. Siena c. 1483, d. Lucca 1543 
noteNot in DGI. M. Rosa, in DBI. A. was trained as a theologian and not as a lawyer. He was a member of the Servite order (O.S.M.), and spent a considerable amount of his life working for the reform of his order. As a writer, he had a taste for controversy. His only known legal work, the De cambiis (t. 6.1), defends the inherent legitimacy of the cambio against those who had argued to the contrary. 
itemt. 6.1, fol. 408ra;
6Ambrogio da Vignate, fl. 15 c. 
noteNot in DGI or DBI. CERL Thesaurus, s.n. Vignati, Ambrogio. Italian edit16 describes him as ‘Giureconsulto originario di Lodi, lettore all’Università di Torino. Fiorì nel 1468’. The floruit seems a bit late. He is described in Biondo Flavio’s Italia Illustrata (ed. C. J. Caster, Binghamton, N.Y.: Global Academic Pub. 2005, 1:116, 118) under Lodi as ‘Ambrosius Vignatensis iurisconsultus prestantissimus, bonarumque artium studiis deditissimus’, and as having died in 1463. A. is mentioned as a doctor of canon law at the short-lived branch of the university of Torino in Savigliano in 1435. T. Vallauri, Storia delle università degli studi del Piemonte, 2d ed. (Torino 1875), 67. 
itemt. 7, fol. 50rb;
 Ambrosius de VignateAmbrogio da Vignate 
 Amedeus Justinus de CastelloGiustini, Amedeo 
7Andrea, Buonincontro d’, d. 1350 
noteNot in DGI or CERL Thesaurus. K. Pennington, in MEMJ reports: ‘The oldest legitimate son of Johannes Andreae, Bonincontrus received his doctorate in both laws in 1309 and taught for most of his life side by side with his father at Bologna. In 1347, he appeared briefly at Padua, but returned soon after. Ultimately, he conspired against the Bolognese signory, was uncovered and beheaded in 1350.’ 
itemt. 5, fol. 45vb;
 Andreas ab ExeaExéa, André d' 
 Andreas AlciatusAlciato, Andrea 
 Andreas BarbatiusBarbaza, Andrea 
8Angelo degli Ubaldi (Angelus de Perusio), sr., b. ?Perugia 1327/8, d. Perugia 1407 
noteC. Frova, in DGI 1.68–71. ‘Senior’ to distinguish him from his grandson (c. 1400-1490), also a law professor at Perugia. A. was almost as well-known as his brother Baldo, and like his brother, his production was large. 
itemt. 3.2, fol. 142va; t. 4, fol. 75rb; t. 4, fol. 76ra; t. 4, fol. 76va; t. 7, fol. 226va; t. 8.2, fol. 155va;
 Angelus de Gambellionibus AretinusGambiglioni, Angelo 
 Angelus de Periglis, de PerusioPerigli, Angelo 
9Angleberme(s), Jean Pyrrhus d’, b. Orléans c. 1480, d. Milano 1521 
noteA. Wijffels, in DHJF. A noted humanist, A. was a professor of law at the university of Orléans and ended his life as a member of the sovereign council of Milano. He wrote on French customary law as well as on the ius commune. 
itemt. 1, fol. 135va; t. 4, fol. 73ra; t. 8.2, fol. 154rb;
 AnonymousAuctor incertus 
10Antonino (Pierozzi), saint, archbishop of Florence, b. Firenze 1389, d. Firenze 1459 
noteA. D’Addario, DBI 3 (1961). A. was a Dominican. He wrote a Summa theologiae or Summa moralis, which is largely devoted to moral and legal questions and which was printed many times. He also wrote a Chronicon and was, of course, active in ecclesiastical politics. 
itemt. 7, fol. 78va;
 Antoninus Archiepiscopus FlorentinusAntonino (Pierozzi) 
11Antonio (Bencioli) da Cannara, b. Cannara ?1375 X 1380, d. Recanati 1451 
noteF. Ciapparoni, DGI 2.83–84; R. Abbondanza, DBI 3 (1961 542-3. A practicing administrator and not an academic, A. was well-known in his time as an author. A number of his works remain solely in manuscript including an important De potestate papae supra concilium generale contra errores Basilienses. 
itemt. 5, fol. 39ra;
12Antonio da Budrio (Antonius de Butrio), b. Bologna c. 1360, d. Bologna 1408 
noteO. Condorelli, in DGI 1.80–3 (who revises the traditional birthdate of 1338 to the one given above); K. Pennington, in MEMJ, s.n. Antonius de Butrio. For this well-known canonist, see further the Ames Foundation’s introduction to its online publication of A.’s works and the references given there. 
itemt. 4, fol. 50ra;
 Antonius Corsetus SiculusCorsetti, Antonio 
 Antonius de CanarioAntonio (Bencioli) 
 Antonius de Mattheis RomanusMattei, Antonio 
 Antonius de RosellisRoselli, Antonio 
 Antonius FumeusFumée, Antoine 
 Antonius Massa Galesius, civis RomanusMassa, Antonio 
 Antonius Negusanus, FanensisNegusanzio, Antonio 
 Antonius Piaggius, HispellatisPiaggia, Antonio 
 Ascanius Clementius AmerinusClementini, Ascanio 
13Auctor Incertus 
note(1) De cessionibus (t. 3.2). The ed. Köln 1591 seems to be slightly better printed, but has no further clues as to the author. (2) De diversis contractibus usurarum (t. 7, f. 50rb). The work also appears in Tractatus 1549, t. 5. A work of the same title appears in a manuscript dated to 1476 in a private collection (now probably in Leiden) (NRHD, 16 (1892) 361) and in another manuscript of approximately the same vintage sold at Christie’s in 2003. 
itemt. 3.2, fol. 77va; t. 7, fol. 70rb;
14Aufréri, Étienne, b. Poitiers c. 1458, d. Toulouse 1511 
noteP. Arabeyre, in DHGF; C. Donahue, in MEMJ, s.n. Stephanus Auffrerius. A.’s vernacular surname is frequently given as Aufrère or d’Aufrère, but that seems to be wrong. Professor of canon law at the university of Toulouse and ultimately a member of the parlement of Toulouse, he is known for an edition of a collection of decisions from the archiepiscopal court of Toulouse and for greatly expanding a 14th-century work on the styles of the parlements. 
itemt. 3.1, fol. 355va; t. 4, fol. 140ra;
 Augustinus Dulcetus, VeronensisDolcetti, Agostino 
 Aymarus Rivallius AllobrigisRivail, Aymar de 
 Aymonis CravettaCravetta, Aimone 
15Azzi, Tommaso, b. Fossombrone 1561, d. p. 1603 
noteNot in DGI or DBI. A’s birth date comes from Italian edit16. We have been unable to verify it, but it is plausible. A’s De ludo scacchorum in legali methodo tractatus (t. 7) was first printed in Pesauro in 1583. 1603 saw the publication of his De infirmitate (Venezia, Giunta), which contains a dedicatory epistle to Ottavio cardinal Bandini, who was at the time papal legate in the Marche. The title page of that work describes him as ‘Forosempronienis iurisconsultus, eques, et comes aulae Lateranensis, et rotae Piceni [i.e., Ascoli Piceno] auditor’. To him is also attributed the authorship of Discorsi nuovi delle prerogative de curiali antichi et moderni Cortigiani, published in Venezia in 1600. 
itemt. 7, fol. 168vb;
16Baeza, Gaspar de, 1540–1569 
noteCERL Thesaurus gives the birth date but no death date and adds that Baeza operated, at least in part, in Granada. His surname is a toponym in Andalusia (prov. Jaén). A stub in Spanish Wikipedia says that he died in 1569. Normally that would be hard to believe, but that he died before he was thirty is confirmed by Jöcher (1750) 1.707, who adds that B’s works were published posthumously by his brother Melchior. 
itemt. 3.2, fol. 204ra; t. 6.2, fol. 405va;
17Bagarotto (Bagarottus de Coradis), fl. 1200–1246 
noteE. Conte, in DGI 1.142–3; R. Abbondanza, DBI 5 (1963) 170–4. B. taught at Bologna, but contemporary documents show that he was active in practice. Much passed under his name, particularly in the area of procedure, that were slight reworkings, if reworkings at all, of the works of others. 
itemt. 3.2, fol. 128va; t. 4, fol. 298rb;
18Baldo degli Ubaldi (Baldus de Ubaldis, Baldus Perusinus), b. Perugia 1327, d. Pavia 1400 
noteE. Cortese, in DGI 1.149–52. Perhaps the best-known jurist of the second half of the 14th century, B.’s production was large. He commented on both Roman law and canon law and wrote numerous consilia. 
itemt. 2, fol. 86ra; t. 2, fol. 155ra; t. 3.1, fol. 364va; t. 4, fol. 71ra; t. 6.1, fol. 2ra; t. 6.1, fol. 38rb; t. 7, fol. 224vb; t. 8.1, fol. 201rb; t. 8.2, fol. 323ra;
 Baptista de Sancto BlasioBattista da Sambiagio 
 Bar, Hermann vonHermannus Barensis 
19Barbaza, Andrea, b. Messina c. 1410, d. Bologna 1479 
noteG. G. Mellusi, in DGI 1.165–66; K. Pennington, in MEMJ, s.n. Andreas Barbatius. B. left his native Sicily to study, first, medicine and then law at Bologna. His writings are more in the field of canon law than than of civil, but he taught both. 
itemt. 4, fol. 130va;
20Bardi, Marcantonio, b. Siena . . . fl. 1563/4 
noteNot in DGI or DBI. CERL Thesaurus. B. is said to have been a professor at Siena. The sparse biographical details come from the Italian Edit16. His De tempore utili is his only known work. 
itemt. 5, fol. 210vb;
21Baron, Éguiner-François, b. Saint-Pol-de-Léon c. 1495, d. Bourges 1550 
noteG. D. Guyon, in DHJF 5153; CERL Thesaurus. 
itemt. 6.2, fol. 365vb;
 Bartholomaeus de SalycetoBartolomeo da Saliceto 
 Bartholomeus Ceppola VeronensisCipolla, Bartolomeo 
22Bartolo da Sassoferrato (Bartolus de Saxoferrato ), 1313/14–1357 
noteS. Lepsius, in DGI 1.177–180. Perhaps the best–known, of the medieval civilian jurists, Bartolus’ name sold books, and printers attributed much to him that he did not write. Even manuscript attributions are not totally reliable. Modern scholarship has in many cases reached a consensus about what items are genuinely Bartolan, and we attempt to report that consensus under the individual items. 
itemt. 2, fol. 158ra; t. 2, fol. 163ra; t. 3.1, fol. 294va; t. 3.1, fol. 330va; t. 3.2, fol. 140va; t. 4, fol. 63rb; t. 7, fol. 2ra;
23Bartolomeo da Saliceto, b. Bologna c. 1345, d. Bologna 1411 
noteG. Speciale, DGI 1.185–187. 
itemt. 6.2, fol. 411ra;
24Bartolus de Hucio, ? c. 14/ineunte 
noteCERL Thesaurus suggests ‘Uzzo, Bartolomeo da’ and that he operated at the beginning of the 14th century, an attribution and date that is supported by the authority file of the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek. We have, as yet, found no further information. 
itemt. 8.1, fol. 211vb; t. 8.1, fol. 437va;
25Barzi, Benedetto, b. Perugia a. 1380, d. Ferrara 1459 
noteF. Treggiari, in DGI 1.187–8. B. taught at Perugia. He is not Benedetto da Piombino (de Pisis, de Aputheo/Puteo, Dal Pozzo) (mid-14th c. – 1410), for whom see P. Maffei, in DGI 1.216–17, s.n. Hence, it is the alias in the Latin name in TUI 1584 that turns out correctly to identify the author. 
itemt. 3.2, fol. 141vb; t. 6.2, fol. 340ra; t. 8.2, fol. 24ra;
26Battista, da Sambiagio, b. Padova c. 1425, d. ?Verona ?Brescia 1492 
noteM. Piccialupi, DBI 7 (1970). Mentioned in DGI only as a teacher of Diplovatazio. The CERL Thesaurus lists his name as either Baptista de Sancto Blasio or Sancto Blasio, Johannes Baptista de. The toponym that he seems to have used may be San Biagio di Callata in the Veneto. 
itemt. 1, fol. 185ra; t. 3.1, fol. 296ra; t. 3.2, fol. 43ra;
27Baudouin (Baudoin, Bauduin), François, b. Arras 1520, d. Paris 1573 
noteA. Wijffels, in DHGF 1.69-70. A well-known French humanist jurist, who also tried to negotiate between Catholics and Protestants during the French religious wars. He lead a peripatectic life, teaching privately and publicly in numerous places, none of them for very long. As a jurist, he is said to have invented the method of palingensia, reconstructing older works from the surviving fragments in the Corpus Iuris. 
itemt. 1, fol. 225vb; t. 6.1, fol. 268va;
 Baviera, MarcantonioBonetti, Marcantonio 
28Becchini (Bettini), Galvano, b. Bologna 14/1 c., d. Bologna a. 1395 
noteL. Prosdocimi, DBI 7 (1970). Known in the literature as Galvanus de Bononia, G. taught canon law at Padova, Pécs (in Hungary), Bologna, Padova (again), and finally Bologna (again). The last series of moves was occasioned by the beginnings of the schism in 1378. He is mentioned in DGI 2.3082, s.n. Bettino da Bologna. 
itemt. 1, fol. 189ra;
 Belviso, Jacobus deIacopo di Belviso 
Belviso, Jacobus de 
item
 Bencioli, AntonioAntonio (Bencioli) 
 Benedictus Barzis, PerusinusBarzi, Benedetto 
 Benedictus Bonius, CortonensisBoni, Benedetto 
 Benedictus de Plumbino, alias de BarzisBarzi, Benedetto 
 Benedictus de Vadis de foro SemproniiVadi, Benedetto 
 Benevenutus Straccha, patritius AnconitanusStracca, Benvenuto 
 Bernardinus RutiliusRutilio, Bernardino 
29Bertrand, Pierre, b. Annonay c. 1280, d. Pujaut 1349 
noteM. Bégou-Davia, in DHJF 104–106; K. Pennington, in MEMJ. B. was bishop of Autun and later a cardinal at Avignon. The toponym Viennensis that appears in his Latin name in TUI 1584 is probably the result of a confusion of B. with the Pierre Bertrand who was archbishop of Vienne from 1352–62. As a jurist, B. is best known for his defense of the ecclesiastical position at the assembly of Vincennes of 1329. His other canonistic works remain in manuscript. 
itemt. 3.1, fol. 29va;
30Bianchi, Marcantonio, b. Padova 1498, d. Padova 1548 
noteM. G. di Renzo Villata, in DGI 1.251–2. B. taught at Padova. He is particularly noted for his works in the area of criminal law and procedure. 
itemt. 3.1, fol. 138va; t. 3.1, fol. 169rb;
31Boccacci (de Boccatiis), Verginio, b. Cingoli ... , fl. 1568 – d. 1596 
noteE. Fabbricatore, in DGI 1.271. B. received his first law degree in 1568. He was a practicing lawyer and writer with a decidedly humanist bent. As might be expected of a practicing lawyer, his method paid more attention to the role and decisions of the courts than did that of his more academic contemporaries. During the pontificate of Gregory XIII, Boccacci was forced to leave Rome. In the early 1580s he was a member of the college of advocates in Macerata, and he probably taught there. He returned to Rome when Sixtus V became pope in 1585 and died there in 1596. 
itemt. 3.2, fol. 300vb;
32Bolognetti, Alberto, b. Bologna 1538, d. Villach 1585 
noteG. De Caro, DBI 11 (1969). Not in DGI. B. taught law at Bologna and Salerno, but after the publication of a couple of legal works, he was called into diplomatic service by the pope, and ultimately became a cardinal. 
itemt. 1, fol. 289rb;
33Bonacossi (Bonacossa), Ippolito, b. Ferrara 1514, d. Ferrara 1591 
noteR. Volante, in DGI 1.280–281. B. was a scion of a noble family of Mantova that had to flee to Ferrara when the Gonzagas took over Mantova. He apparently did not have to work for a living for a living and, it would seem, he did not. He wrote poetry and treatises on law, the most fanciful of the latter being the one De equo sive caballo (t. 6.1). His most serious treatise, according to Volante, Quaestiones criminales does not appear in TUI 1584. 
itemt. 6.1, fol. 108vb; t. 6.1, fol. 121va;
34Boncompagni, Cataldino, b. ?Visso ?1370, d. Visso after 1450 
noteE. Basso, DGI 1.286. 
itemt. 7, fol. 349vb;
35Bonetti, Marcantonio Baverio de, mid-15th c. – 1500 
noteG. Orlandelli, DBI 11 (1969). CERL Thesaurus has Baviera, Marcantonio (1500 – ). If the date is supposed to be a birth date, it is wrong, but the surname is not necessarily wrong. While both his father (a famous professor of medicine) and his older brother used the surname Bonetti, B. does not seem to have used it. He taught at both Pavia and Bologna. 
itemt. 4, fol. 364vb;
36Boni, Benedetto, b. Cortona 1524, d. c. 1570 
noteNot in DGI. CERL Thesaurus (2 entries). The Italian Edit16 reports ‘Nobile nato a Cortona, fiorì nel 1560 e fu giurista a Pisa e Roma’. The birth and death dates come from the authority file of the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek. 
itemt. 6.2, fol. 162rb;
 Bonicontus, BononiensisAndrea, Buonincontro d' 
 Borgninus Cavalcantus, FivizanensisCavalcani, Borgnino 
37Bruni (Bruno), Alberto, b. Acqui Terme 1467, d. Asti 1541 
noteF. A. Goria, in DGI 1.347–8. B. was a practicing lawyer rather than an academic. He worked for the dukes of Milano, and his works in many cases seem to be derived from his practice interests. 
itemt. 2, fol. 165ra; t. 2, fol. 245va;
38Bruni, Matteo, 1503–1575 
noteCERL Thesaurus confirms B.’s place of origin as Rimini. 
itemt. 3.2, fol. 179rb;
39Caccialupi, Giovanni Battista, b. San Severino Marche c. 1425, d. Roma 1496 
noteD. Quaglioni, in DGI 1.369–70. C. was an Italian humanist jurist, who was interested in reforming legal studies. 
itemt. 3.1, fol. 359vb; t. 3.2, fol. 148ra; t. 6.1, fol. 8ra; t. 6.1, fol. 30rb; t. 7, fol. 155rb;
40Campeggi, Giovanni Zaccaria, b. Mantova 1448, d. Mantova 1511 
noteB. Pieri, in DGI 1.403–4. C. taught at Pavia, Padova, and Bologna. He was also involved in politics, on the papal side. His Latin toponym (Bononiensis) comes either from the fact that his family was Bolognese or from the fact that he taught there. 
itemt. 2, fol. 263ra; t. 4, fol. 88rb;
41Can (Cane, a Canibus, de Canibus), Giovnni Giacomo, b. Padova 1425, d. Padova 1494 
noteI. Briocchi and A. Mattone, in DGI 1.407408; K. Pennington, in MEMJ. s.n. Johannes Jacobus de Canibus. 
itemt. 8.1, fol. 185vb;
42Cantiuncula, Claudius, b. Metz c. 1490, d. Ensisheim 1549 
noteNeue Deutsche Biographie (linking to the Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz). C. was Catholic German jurist of the first half of the 16th century, who spent a considerable amount of time in Basel. Though not a religious reformer, he worked on reform both of legal education and of city statutes from a humanist perspective. 
itemt. 3.1, fol. 72ra;
 Capestrano, CapistranoGiovanni da Capestrano 
43Caron (Charondas), Louis le, 1534 X 1536 – 1613 
noteY. Le Gall, in DHGF 625–628, s.n. Le Caron, Louis (auto-surnommé Charondas par allusion à Charondas de Catane). C. was a well-known French humanist jurist and politique, who wrote extensively on both Roman and French customary law. He lacks a full-scale modern biography. A brief English-language account, placing him in his time, can be found in N. L. Roelker, One King, One Faith (Berkeley 1996) 32–3. The Godefroy edition of the Corpus Iuris Civilis has many notes and comments by him. 
itemt. 1, fol. 267va;
44Cassoli, Filippo, b. Reggio Emilia c. 14/ineunte, d. Pavia 1391. 
noteMentioned in DGI 1.913, 1991 as a teacher of Raffaele Fulgosio, and as a colleague of Uberto da Lampugnano, at Pavia; A. Dillon Bussi, in DBI. There is no known record of Cs having obtaining his law degrees; it was probably at Padova. He first appears in 1348 as a member of commission to revise the statutes of Milano. He went on to become a famous teacher of civil law at Pavia. He engaged in many diplomatic missions, but his only known writing is the De testamentis, which, if we are to believe the title, was a disputatio that took place in the last year of his life. 
itemt. 8.1, fol. 107vb;
 Cataldinus de Boncompagnis, de VissoBoncompagni, Cataldino 
 Catellianus CottaCotta, Catelliano 
45Cavalcani, Borgnino, b. ?Fivizzano 1553, d. 1607 
noteA. Labardi, DGI 1.494–495. 
itemt. 8.2, fol. 334ra;
46Cavallini (Caballino), Gaspare, b. Cingoli c. 1530, d. Cingoli 1589 
noteG. Santoncini, DGI 1.497–498; J. Becker, DBI 22 (1979) 773–774. For sometime it was thought that C. was simply a pseudonym for Charles du Moulin (1500–1566), q.v., because some of the latter’s works, including, De eo quod interest, were published in Italy under his name and with some editing by him in order to avoid censorship. C. has recently been rehabilitated as a quite distinguished jurist in his own right, and the works that are attributed to him in t. 6 seem to be his. 
itemt. 6.1, fol. 82va; t. 6.1, fol. 97ra;
47Chiavari, Fabiano, b. ?Genova 1489, d. 1569 
noteNot in DGI. CERL Thesaurus. The Italian edit16 reports ‘Genovese, agostiniano, procuratore generale dell’ordine’, and gives the dates. 
itemt. 6.1, fol. 410va;
48Cino Sinibuldi da Pistoia, b. Pistoia c. 1270, d. Pistoia 24.xii.1336 
noteP. Maffei, DGI 1.543–546. 
itemt. 8.1, fol. 319rb;
 Cinus PistoriensusCino Sinibuldi 
49Cipolla, Bartolomeo, b. Verona c. 1420, d. Padova 1475 
noteG. Rossi, in DGI 1.547–9; Lange/Kriechbaum, Kommentatoren 842–8, s.n. Bartholomäus Caepolla. C. was both a practicing lawyer and a teacher at Padova. 
itemt. 1, fol. 181va; t. 6.2, fol. 176vb; t. 6.2, fol. 209va;
50Claro, Giulio, b. Alessandria 1525, d. Cartagena 1575 
noteG. P. Massetto and S. Parini, in DGI 1.552–555 
itemt. 8.1, fol. 80va;
 Claudius CantiunculaCantiuncula, Claudius 
51Claudius Saturninus, 2/2 c. AD 
noteA Roman jurist, whose monograph on penalties is the subject of a commentary by Joannes Rogeraius Trochaeus (t. 3.1). 
item
52Clementini, Ascanio, fl. c. 1570 
noteNot in DGI. CERL Thesaurus. The Italian edit16 describes him as ‘Giurista nato ad Amelia, fiorì nella seconda metà del sec. 16’. 
itemt. 8.2, fol. 98ra;
 Constantius (Constantinus) Rogerius (Constant Roger)Rogerius, Constantius 
53Conti (de Comitibus), Prosdocimo, b. Padova c. 1370, d. Padova 1439 
noteC. Valeschi, in DGI 1.574–5; B. Kohl, DBI 28 (1983) 463–5. C. was active in politics in Padova. He also taught there, principally, canon law. 
itemt. 1, fol. 190rb;
54Coras, Jean de, b. Réalmont 1512, d. Toulouse 1572 
noteJ. Poumarède, in DHGF 264–266. C. was a well-known French Protestant jurist and parlementaire of Toulouse. He figures prominently in, and his account is the source of, Natalie Davis’s The Return of Martin Guerre (Cambridge [MA] 1983). His production, however, is much larger than that, and has been the subject of 12-volume treatment by A. London Fell. C. was a victim of the St. Bartholomew’s Day massacre in 1572. 
itemt. 1, fol. 59ra; t. 8.2, fol. 165ra;
55Corsetti (Corsettus, Corsectus, Corsictus), Antonio, b. Noto (prov. Siracusa, Sicily) c. 1450, d. Roma 1503 
noteC. Pedrazza Gorlero, in DGI 1.581–2. C. pursued an academic career in canon law, taught canon law at Padova, and ended his career as auditor of the Rota and non-residential bishop of Malta. 
itemt. 3.2, fol. 325va; t. 4, fol. 359ra; t. 8.1, fol. 437rb;
56Corso, Rinaldo, b. Verona 1525, d. Strongoli 1582 
noteC. Pederazza Gorlero, in DGI 1.584 recounts fascinating career of the C., an Italian humanist jurist, who, having been married and widowed, ended his life as bishop of Strongoli. 
itemt. 1, fol. 279vb;
57Corti, Francesco, sr., d. Pavia 1495 
noteDGI, index sub Corti, Francesco, sr. (to distinguish him from his nephew of the same name, who also taught at Pavia); CERL Thesaurus. 
itemt. 3.2, fol. 130rb; t. 3.2, fol. 143vb; t. 4, fol. 10ra; t. 4, fol. 125rb;
58Corti, Rocco, b. Pavia ... , fl. 1470 – 1515, d. ?Pavia ... . 
noteM. G. di Renzo Villata, in DGI 1.586–7. C. taught canon law at Pavia. He was also a counselor to the marquis of Monferrato and member of the senate of Milano. His De consuetudine (t. 2) is probably his best-known work. He also wrote on the ius patronatus. 
itemt. 2, fol. 345ra;
59Costa, Stefano, b. Gambolò . . . , d. Gambolò 1486 
noteM. Lucchesi, in DGI 2.397–398; K. Pennington, in MEMJ. C. received his doctorate utroque in 1446, which suggests a birth date sometime in the 1420s. He taught some civil but mostly canon law at Pavia for most of his life. He is best known for his treatise De ludo (t. 7), which shows considerable influence from humanistic ideas and was printed many times. 
itemt. 7, fol. 161va;
60Coster (al. Custodis al. de Bont), Willem de, b. Leuven c. 15/ineunte, d. Leuven 1454 
noteE. Poullet, in Biographie nationale de Belgique, s.n. De Coster, Guillaume de (5:16–19) (online pdf); K. Pennington, in MEMJ. The attribution that is sometimes made of the De usuris to Willem de Bondt, the Dutch jurist of the early 17th century is impossible; he was born in 1588. C’s mother was the daughter of Willem de Bont, the chancellor of the duchy of Brabant. C joined his maternal grandfather’s name to his father’s and eventually came to use it exclusively. C. was active in the affairs the university at Leuven from 1427, though he seems to have taken both his arts and law degrees at Paris. From 1438 he was professor of canon law at Leuven, a position that he held until his death. The De usuris is a quodlibet that he gave at Leuven in 1450, first published in ?Paris (s.d.), whence it appeared in Tractatus 1549 and in TUI 1584. 
itemt. 7, fol. 74va;
61Cotta, Catelliano, fl. 1512 – d. Milano 1553 
noteM. G. di Renzo Villata, in DGI 1.601. Cotta was a practicing lawyer and a private scholar. 
itemt. 1, fol. 137va;
62Covarrubias y Leyva, Diego, b. Toledo 1512, d. Madrid 1577 
noteCERL Thesaurus (2 entries). Perhaps the best-known Spanish jurist of the sixteenth century who wrote principally about private law. He is known as the Spanish Bartolus. He was, however, influenced by the thought of the neo-scholastics in a way that would have been impossible for Bartolus. 
itemt. 8.1, fol. 98va; t. 8.1, fol. 382vb;
63Cravetta, Aimone, b. Savigliano 1504, d. Savigliano 1569 
noteA. Lupano, DGI 1:607–608. 
itemt. 6.2, fol. 281ra;
64Crotti, Giovanni (Crotus de Monteferrato), b. Casale Monferrato c. 1475, d. Pisa 1517 
noteE. Dezza, in DGI 1.615-16. 
itemt. 4, fol. 199vb;
65Cucchi, Marco Antonio, b. ?Brescia c. 1510, d. Pavia 1582/3 
noteL. Sinisi, in DGI 1.616. The dates frequently given for C.s life, 1506–1567, are wrong. After having taught civil law at Pavia, C. became a cleric in 1561, turned his attention to canon law, moved to Rome where he served as one of the Correctores romani, but died with only one of three planned volumes on the institutes of canon law published. 
itemt. 3.2, fol. 291rb;
66Cujas, Jacques, b. Toulouse 1522, d. Bourges 1590 
noteL. Winkel, in DHGF 291–293. Perhaps the best-known of the ‘pure scholars’ among the humanist jurists of the 16th century, C. taught both at Bourges and at Valence. The fact that his scholarship is so good (it can be used today) makes it difficult to recover why it was so important in its time. A Paris thesis about him Xavier Prévost, Jacques Cujas (1522–1590), Le droit à l’épreuve de l’humanisme has just appeared in a revised version: Jacques Cujas (1522–1590): jurisconsulte humaniste (Genève 2015). For the item in TUI 1584, see below under Ulpian. 
item
 Curtius, RochusCorti Rocco 
 Dal Pozzo, ParidePozzo, Paride dal 
67Damhouder, Joos de, b. Brugge 1507, d. Antwerpen 1581 
noteJ. van Rompaye, in Nationaal Biografisch Woordenboek. D.’s given name was spelled in many different ways; modern biographers seem to have settled on ‘Joos’. D. studied law at Leuven and Orléans, emerging with a licentiate in both laws. He practiced law in Brugge, and held various magistracies, ultimately becoming a member of the council of finance of the Hapsburg Netherlands, a position that he held from 1552–1575. He is best known for his Praxis rerum criminalium , a work that was translated into Dutch, French, and German and was influential in developing European criminal practice. He also wrote a complementary Praxis rerum civlium. Modern scholarship has not been kind to D. He claimed a doctorate in law that he never seems to have earned, and both Praxis works turn out to have been largely plagiarized from unpublished works by one Filips Wielant. The Patrocinium pupillorum, minorum et prodigum (t. 6.1) and the Subhastationum compendiosa exegesis (t. 8.2), however, do seem to be genuine works of his. 
itemt. 6.1, fol. 77ra; t. 8.2, fol. 351va; t. 8.2, fol. 371vb; t. 8.2, fol. 376rb; t. 8.2, fol. 377vb; t. 8.2, fol. 379va; t. 8.2, fol. 381vb; t. 8.2, fol. 385rb;
 Del Cassero, MartinoMartino del Cassero da Fano 
 Didacus Covarruvias ToletanusCovarrubias y Leyva, Diego 
68Dino Rossoni del Mugello, b. Firenze c. 1253, d. ?Mugello after 1298 
noteA. Padovani, DGI 1:769–771. 
itemt. 5, fol. 6vb; t. 8.1, fol. 318ra;
 Dinus MugellanusDino Rossoni del Mugello 
69Dolcetti, Agostino, fl. c. 16 
noteNot in DGI or DBI. CERL Thesaurus. Described in the Italian Edit16 as ‘Giurista veronese, vissuto nel secolo XVI’. 
itemt. 7, fol. 360vb;
70Doneau (Donellus), Hugues, b. Chalon-sur-Saône 1527, d. Altdorf (near Nuremberg) 1591 
noteL. Pfister, in DHJF 339–340. 
itemt. 6.1, fol. 258rb;
71Douaren, François le, b. Moncontour 1509, d. Bourges 1559 
noteO. Deschamps, in DHGF 630–631. Student of Guillaume Budé and professor at Bourges for most of his quite short career, D. is principally known for his quarrels with his colleagues at Bourges. He is, however, an important figure in the development of the humanist juristic method. Of the many strands of humanistic juristic thought, D., like his student Doneau, is particular notable for his rigorous development of legal rules on the basis of critical analysis of the texts. 
itemt. 1, fol. 183rb; t. 6.1, fol. 13vb; t. 8.1, fol. 428va;
 Du Moulin (Dumoulin), CharlesMoulin, Charles du; see also Cavallini, Gaspare 
 Du Rivail, AymarRivail, Aymar de 
72Durante, Giovanni Diletto, b. Gualdo Tadino . . . fl. c. 16/1. 
noteMentioned in DGI 1.252 as having written a work that appeared in a collection of Tractatus cautelarum along with a similar work of Marcantonio Bianchi; mentioned in DBI as the father of the scientist Castore Durante (1529–1574 X 1576). Biographical details about D. are hard to come by. The first edition of his De arte testandi was published in Roma in 1540 and is dedicated to Girolomo cardinal Ghinucci, who died in 1541. The work was a considerable publishing success. The man himself seems to have disappeared. 
itemt. 8.1, fol. 109rb; t. 8.1, fol. 112rb; t. 8.1, fol. 119rb; t. 8.1, fol. 120rb; t. 8.1, fol. 127va; t. 8.1, fol. 136ra; t. 8.1, fol. 137va; t. 8.1, fol. 139va; t. 8.1, fol. 140ra; t. 8.1, fol. 141va; t. 8.1, fol. 146ra;
 Dynus MugellanusDino Rossoni del Mugello 
 Eguinarius BaronisBaron, Éguiner-François 
73Ercolani, Francesco, 1541–1569 
noteNot in DGI or DBI. CERL Thesaurus, relying on the Italian Edit16, says that E. came from Panicale (prov. Perugia). ‘Perusinus’ describes him on a number of title pages of his works. 
itemt. 4, fol. 12va; t. 5, fol. 254vb;
74Escut, Nicolas de l’, d. 1580 
noteP. Arabeyre, in DHGF 654–655 (s.n. Lescut (L’Escut), Nicolas de). E. is best known for having been on the negotiators of the treaty of Nuremberg (1542) on behalf of the duke of Lorraine. The duke rewarded him, but so did the emperor. His legal works all seem to date from the 1540s. He became auditor of the of the chambre des comptes of the duke in 1552, and was apparently succeeded by his brother, Nicolas, in 1563. 
itemt. 4, fol. 231vb;
75Exéa, André d’, b. ? c. 1500, d. by 1575 
noteP. Aryabeyre, in DHJF 412–413; CERL Thesarus. What follows was written before we read Arabeyre, who confirms E.’s association with Valence in the Dauphiné. Both the French and the Spanish claim E. There seems little doubt that the toponym that modern cataloguers use as his surname is Ejea de los Caballeros (prov. Zargosa, ESP). The issue is whether the university at which he taught, at least later in his life (he seems to begun at Montpellier), is Valence (dep. Drôme, FRA) or Valencia (prov. Valencia, ESP). The former seems more likely. One of his works (De pactis) is dedicated to Guillaume Poyet chancellor of France (1538–1545), another (De aerario) to the king of France himself (Francis I), and the biography, found in Justin Brun-Durand, Dictionnaire biographique et biblio-iconographique de la Drôme (Grenoble: Libr. Dauphinoise, 1900), 1.303–304, has a plausibility that the Spanish ones (e.g., Francisco de P. Vilanova y Pizcueta, Historia de la Universidad literaria de Valencia [Valencia: Domenech, 1903] 100) lack. At the end of life E. is said to have served as vice-seneschal in the region of Valence. 
itemt. 6.2, fol. 1ra;
 Fabianus de Monte Sancti SaviniGiocchi, Fabiano 
 Fabianus GenuensisChiavari, Fabiano 
76Fanucci, Fanuccio, fl. 16/m c. 
noteNot in DGI or DBI. CERL Thesaurus suggests a number of ways to put F.’s name into the vernacular, all of which replace the Latin ‘Ph’ with ‘F’, and confirms that he came from Lucca. No dates beyond the 16th century are given. Another CERL record gives Fanucci, Fanuccio. Under that name Italian Edit16 reports him as: Giureconsulto di Lucca, fiorì alla metà del XVI secolo. 
itemt. 3.2, fol. 358va; t. 8.2, fol. 265vb;
77Fara, Giovanni Francesco, b. Sassari 1543, d. Sassari 1591 
noteA. Mattone, in DGI 1.820–821 
itemt. 8.2, fol. 388r;
78Federici (de Federicis), Stefano, b. Sonico sec. 15 ineunte, d. a. 1496 
noteM. Semeraro, in DGI 1.832–3. Biographical details about F. are sparse. He was probably a practicing lawyer in Brescia and a private scholar with theoretical interests. In addition to his De interpretatione legum (t. 1), he is also the author of a treatise De iusticia et iure, which remains in manuscript (BL Egerton 1158, f. 1–46). 
itemt. 1, fol. 208va;
 Federicus SchenchSchenck, Frederick 
 Federicus Schench (Schenk)Schenck, Frederick 
79Ferrarius Montanus (né Eisermann), Joannes, b. Amöneburg (Hessen) 1485/6, d. Marburg 1558 
noteT. Muther, in ADB 6.719. F. devoted most of his life to the newly-founded university of Marburg. His legal writings are serious, but the fact that he changed his name, and added ‘Montanus’, probably a reference to his place of birth, suggests that he was not without a lighter side. 
itemt. 5, fol. 62rb;
80Ferretti, Domenico (Emilio), b. Castelfranco di Sotto 1489, d. Avignon 1552 
noteA. Legnani Annichini, DGI 1.848–849 (correct TUI reference to ‘VI/2’). Known more as a diplomat for Francis I and a literary humanist, F. concluded his career as a professor of civil law at Avignon. 
itemt. 6.2, fol. 414vb;
81Fichard, Johann von, b. Frankfurt 1512, d. Frankfurt 1581 
noteADB; NDB. Humanist and practicing lawyer, F.’s interests ranged widely. In his youth, he translated extracts from Galen and from the commentaries of John Chrysostom on the letters of St Paul from Greek into Latin. In addition to the two standard biographies cited above, a nice sense of the man can be obtained from German Wikipedia. 
itemt. 1, fol. 156rb;
82Follerio, Pietro, b. Mercato San Severino 1520, d. . . . p. 1586 
noteI. Birocchi and M. Miletti, in DGI 1.884–886 
itemt. 6.2, fol. 117va;
83Forcadel, Étienne, b. Beziers 1518, d. Toulouse 1578 
noteG. Cazals, in DHJF 440–442. F. pursued his studies in law at Toulouse, where he obtained a doctorate utriusque in 1544. He did not receive a chair, however, until 1557. He plunged himself into the life of university, was saved from prison 1575 on suspicion of Protestant leanings by the intervention of the king, but retired from the university. His early works are strongly influenced by the humanists. He wrote imaginary dialogues between jurists of antiquity and contemporary jurists. His more mundane legal works, such as his De mora (t. 6.2), were not published until after his death. 
itemt. 6.2, fol. 422ra;
84Forster, Valentin, b. Wittenberg 1530, d. Helmstädt 1608 
noteADB. F. had a long and complicated life. He studied with Melancthon in his home town and then studied law at various times at Padua and Bourges, dabbled in mathematics in Spain, and finally returned to Bourges to take his doctorate under Doneau. He succeeded Oldendorp as professor at Marburg, Doneau as professor at Heidelberg, practiced law in Worms, and ended his life as professor at Helmstedt. 
itemt. 1, fol. 25vb;
 Fortunius GarciaGarcía, Fortunius 
85Franchi (della Franca), Fillippo, b. Perguia c. 1415, d. Perguia 1471 
noteC. Bukowska Gorgoni, DBI 50 (1998). More a canonist than a civilian, F. taught at Perugia, Pavia, and Ferrara. 
itemt. 3.2, fol. 326vb;
 Franciscus BalduiniBaudouin, Francois 
 Franciscus Curtius seniorCorti, Francesco 
86Franciscus de Acceptantibus, d. c. 1374 
noteNot in DGI, DBI, or CERL Thesaurus. What seems to be F.’s sole work is also in Tractatus 1549. There is an incunabulum (GW 145) with the explicit: ‘Explicit tractatus que sit interlocutoria et que difinitiua. Editus a domino Francisco de Acceptantibus de Aretrio iuris utriusque doctore excellentissimo, tunc Presidente in Terra Cinguli Marchie Anco’, followed by a few additiones. GW attributes the work to Franciscus de Accoltis (Francesco Accolti detto l’Aretino), but it is hard to see how Accoltis got garbled as Acceptantibus, and Terra Cinguli is not one the many places where Accolti is known to have operated. That there was a doctor utriusque in Arezzo named Franciscus Joannes de Acceptantibus, who died c. 1374, is confirmed by S. Cohn, The Cult of Rembrance and the Black Death: Six Renaissance Cities in Central Italy (Baltimore 1997) 260, who describes the images that he ordered at the time of the plague for one church, and that were planned for his tomb in another church, in Arezzo. 
itemt. 5, fol. 3va;
 Franciscus de Porcellinis PatavinusPorcellini, Francesco 
 Franciscus DuarenusDouaren, François 
 Franciscus DuarenusDouaren, François 
 Franciscus HerculanusErcolani, Francesco 
 Franciscus Herculanus, PerusiniErcolani, Francesco 
 Franciscus ZoanettusGiovanetti, Francesco 
 Fridericus Schenek ex liberis baronibus a TautenbergSchenck, Frederik 
87Fumée, Antoine [l’oncle], seigneur de Blandé, b. 1511, d. 1570 or 1587 
noteP. Arabeyre, in DHJF 454–455. Arabeyre has attempted to disentangle the biographies of F. and that of his nephew of the same name. Both were noble; both held central positions in the government during the tumultuous years of the religious wars. One of them became premier president of the parlement of Paris in 1572, but it is not sure which, because the death dates of both of them are confused. For our purposes Arabeyre has established that the three treatises attributed to ‘Antonius Fumeus’ in TUI 1584 are the work of the uncle. 
itemt. 5, fol. 14ra; t. 8.1, fol. 221rb;
 Gabrielis PalaeotusPaleotti, Gabriele 
88Gallia, Lancelotto, 1532–1595 
noteNot in DGI or DBI. CERL Thesaurus says that G. came from Alessandria (prov. Alessandria) in the Piedmont region of Italy. 
itemt. 2, fol. 283va;
 Galvanus de BononiaBecchini, Galvano 
89Gambiglioni, Angelo (de Gambilionibus, Aretino, d’arezzo), b. Arezzo c. 14 exeunte, d. Bologna 1461 
noteP. Maffei, DGI 1.939–941. A well-known civilian, who taught at Bologna. 
itemt. 8.1, fol. 31ra;
90Gammaro (Gambarus), Pietro Andrea, b. Caslafiumanese 1480, d. ?Viterbo 1528 
noteA. Padovani, in DGI 1.941–942; G. dall’Olio, DBI 52 (1999) 82–83. After a brief period of teaching canon law at Bologna, G. went into the service of various popes. In 1528, he was named bishop of Faenza but died on his way there. His De modo disputandi ac ratiocinandi in jure does not appear in TUI 1584, but is discussed in our list of works because it appears in HOLLIS. 
itemt. 1, fol. 132ra;
91García, Fortunius, 1494–1534 
noteThe basics on this Spanish jurist who taught at Bologna and died young may be found in CERL Thesaurus. 
itemt. 1, fol. 105vb;
92Garzoni, Girolamo, 16th c. 
noteCERL Thesaurus says that he was an auditor of the rota of Ferrara and gives his birthplace as Osimo. That seems to conflict with toponym which he is given in TUI 1584. Auximatis normally suggests Ancona, but Osimo is known as Vetus Auximum. 
itemt. 3.1, fol. 310rb;
 Gaspar BeatiusBaeza, Gaspar 
 Gaspar CaballiniCavallini, Gaspare; see also Moulin, Charles du 
93Gentili, Iacopo, da Perugia, ?15th c. 
noteNot in DGI, DBI, or CERL Thesaurus. G. is obscure. Francesco Calasso, writing about Bartolus de Saxoferrato in DBI (6 [1964]), says that an ordo iudiciarius, sometimes attributed to Bartolus, is also sometimes attributed to one Iacopo Gentili da Perugia. A website that purports to list all the professors who ever taught civil law at Perugia lists a Lorenzo di Iacopo Gentili as having taught there from 1415–?, and 1429–?. G. could be Lorenzo’s father, or it could be Lorenzo himself, whose Christian got forgotten and his patronimic remembered. More work on this author is clearly called for. 
itemt. 3.1, fol. 41ra;
 Georgius Nata (once Natan)Natta, Giorgio 
94Gillot, Jean, ?16th c. 
noteNot in DHJF (Gillet, Jean, at 480 is almost certainly not the same man). CERL Thesaurus is not much help. The date that it gives, 1538– , is simply the date of the first edtion of G.’s De iurisdicione et imperio (t. 3.1). A man of this name was a theologian and philologian in the 16th century, the editor of a number of large editions of works of the church fathers. We hesitate to identify G. with the philologian, and the Thesaurus may be indicating the same thing by having a separate entry that, so far, lists only the philologian’s edition of St Basil. A clue to an identification may lie in the toponym in G.’s Latin name, Briennensis, which may be Brienne-le-Chateau, dép. Aube. 
itemt. 3.1, fol. 2ra;
95Giocchi, Fabiano, b. Monte San Savino 1421, d. 1498 
noteNot in DGI. CERL Thesaurus. The Italian edit16 reports ‘Uomo di legge, podestà di Urbino e avvocato concistoriale in Roma’. Edit16 is also the source of the name and the dating information. 
itemt. 6.1, fol. 39ra;
96Giovanetti, Francesco, b. Bologna 1510 or 1515, d. Bologna 1586 
noteA. De Benedictis, in DGI 1.1007–1008 
itemt. 6.1, fol. 67rb;
97Giovanni da Capestrano, b. Capestrano 1386, d. Ilok 1456. 
noteA. Bartocci, S. Parent, in DGI 1.1012–13. G. was a Franciscan friar, active in missionary and reform work. He was canonized in 1690. 
itemt. 1, fol. 323vb; t. 7, fol. 91vb;
98Giustini, Amedeo, b. Citta di Castello, d. ? c. 1477 
noteE. Cortesi, DGI 2.1035. G. was active in politics. His Tractatus sindicatus is his best known work, and the only one that seems to have been published. He may have been a student of Baldo degli Ubaldi; he was certainly influenced by him. 
itemt. 7, fol. 332rb;
99Grassi, Giovanni, b. Castelnuovo Scrivia sec. 15 ineunte, d. Valenza Po 1473 
noteM. G. di Renzo Villata, in DGI 1.1048–9; id., DBI 58 (2002) 621–3. That his name is properly spelled with a ‘G’ seems clear, though a spelling with ‘C’ has some support in later printed editions. G. was a canonist who taught principally at Torino. 
itemt. 3.1, fol. 22rb; t. 3.1, fol. 366vb; t. 3.2, fol. 31ra; t. 3.2, fol. 72va;
100Guido da Suzzara (de Suzaria), fl. 1247 – d. Bologna 1293 
noteC. Benatti, in DGI 1.1093–4; G. Mazzanti, DBI (2003) 421–6. It is not completely clear that G. came from Suzzara, but since he first appears as a lawyer in Mantova, that makes geographical sense. He led a peripatetic life. We find him in Modena, Venezia, Treviso, Padova, Bologna, Napoli, Reggio Emilia, and, once more, Bologna, where he seems to have taught from 1281 to his death in 1293. His teaching seems to have been entirely in civil law, but some of his works branch out into consideration of statutes. 
itemt. 3.1, fol. 34rb; t. 6.1, fol. 189ra; t. 6.2, fol. 338rb;
 Guido PapaPape, Gui 
 Guillelmus Le Rouille AlenconiensisRouillé, Guillaume le 
 Guinones Papa, DelphinatesPape, Gui 
 Gulielmus Bont.Coster, Willem 
 Gulielmus LuveranusLuveranus, Gulielmus 
101Gutiérrez, Juan, d. ?1618 
noteG. may be the Spanish jurist of the same name who is listed in CERL Thesaurus as having died in 1618. That seems a bit late for our G. The opera omnia of a Spanish canonist and moralist of that name were published in 7 volumes in Venice in 1609. He is probably the same man who is identified in what is described as the second edition of his consilia in 1595 as of Ciudad Real. The toponym Placentini indicates that he came from Plasencia (prov. Cáceres). A brief biography of a man of that name is found in the Jöcher (1750) 2.1285–6. The biographical and bibliographical details match, but the only date offered is “lebte zu Ende des 16Seculi.” Considering how common the name is, it is possible that there was more than one Spanish legal writer of this name in this period. 
itemt. 3.1, fol. 383ra; t. 6.2, fol. 35rb; t. 8.1, fol. 174ra;
 Hercules Severolus FaventiniSeveroli, Ercole 
102Hermannus Barensis 
noteThe library cataloguers seem to have settled on ‘Hermann de Bare’ as the name of the author, identify him as German, and give him a floruit of 1410. CERL Thesaurus. The date appears in at least one of the sample libels (f. 96ra). H.’s toponym suggests the duchy or town of Bar[-le-Duc, dép. Meuse]. The copy in TUI lacks the dedicatory epistle that is found in the ed. Strasbourg 1510 (under the title Refugium advocatorum, sig. a[1r]), and which allowed M. A. Bethmann-Hollweg (Der Civilprozess des gemeinen Rechts [Bonn 1874] 6.1.257–9) to identify the author as an advocate in the imperial court who reworked a similar formulary of Pierre Jacobi’s. 
itemt. 3.2, fol. 89vb;
 Hieronymus de LucaAmadei (Amidei), Girolamo 
 Hieronymus de Monte, BrixiensisMonti, Girolamo 
 Hieronymus de ZanetinisZanettini, Girolamo 
 Hieronymus Garzonius AuximatisGarzoni, Girolamo 
 Hieronymus ManfredusManfredi, Girolamo 
 Hieronymus Muscornus CypriusMuscornus, Hieronymus 
 Hippolytus Bonacossa, Nobilis FerrariensisBonacossi, Ippolito 
103Hoppers, Joachim, b. Sneek 1523, d. Madrid 1576 
noteCERL Thesaurus. A distinguished jurist of the Hapsburg Netherlands. A brief account of his life may be found in Dutch Wikipedia. 
itemt. 1, fol. 81va;
 Hugo DoneliusDoneau (Donellus), Hugues 
 Iachobus RaevardusRaevardus, Jacobus 
104Iacopo Balduini (di Balduino, de’ Balduinis, Baldovini), b. Bologna ... , fl. 1210 – d. Bologna 1235 
noteN. Sarti, DBI 1.1095–6 . I. was a student of Azo’s. For the item that is possibly his in TUI 1584, see below under Jacobus Aegidii. 
item
105Iacopo Bottrigari, b. Bologna c. 1274, d. Bologna 1348 
noteM. Kriechbaum, in DGI 1.1096–1098; Lange/Kriechbuam, Kommentatoren 621–632. I. was born and remained in Bologna all his long life. He qualified as a notary and did not receive his doctorate until 1309. He wrote comments on selected titles of the Digestum vetus, a Lectura on the Code, and a number of short treatises. His method is regarded as transitional between the glossators and the commentators. He died of the plague. 
itemt. 3.1, fol. 206ra; t. 4, fol. 60va; t. 6.2, fol. 404ra;
106Iacopo da Arena, d. 1297/98 
noteD. Quaglioni, in DGI 1.1099–1101, who warns that the “fervida attività delle tipografie giuridiche del secolo XVI [si tradusse] in una larga attribuzione a I. di opere di dubbia paternità.” Lange/Kriechbaum, Kommentatoren 435-444. Little is known of I.’s life. He seems to have taught at Padua, perhaps at Bologna, and probably ended his life in Naples. He left a Lectura on the Code and comments on various passages of the Digest. For the treatises attributed to him see the two sources cited above. 
itemt. 3.2, fol. 34vb; t. 3.2, fol. 74va; t. 3.2, fol. 141ra; t. 3.2, fol. 143rb; t. 3.2, fol. 394vb; t. 4, fol. 3ra; t. 8.1, fol. 194vb;
107Iacopo di Belviso (Belvisi), b. Bologna p. 1270, d. Bologna 1335 
noteG. G. Mullusi, in DGI 1.1102–1103; Lange/Kriechbaum, Kommentatoren 613–620. I. studied in Bologna, but seems to have earned his doctorarate at Napoli, where he is recorded as a teacher. He also taught at Perugia and Siena, returning to Bologna as a teacher at the end of his life. He was a teacher of Bartolus and an important figure in developing the method of the commentators. He left important commentaries on the Novels and the Libri feudorum, consilia, and a number of shorter works, though not all of those later ascribed to him are in fact by him. 
itemt. 3.2, fol. 136vb;
 Incertus auctorAuctor incertus 
108Innocent (Innocentius) IV, Pope, b. Genova a. 1200, elected pope 1243, d. Napoli 1254 
noteK. Pennington, in MEMJ. Known as Sinibaldus Fliscus (Sinibaldo de’ Fieschi, Sinibaldo Fieschi dei conti di Lavagna) before he became pope, he wanted his work as a writer on canon law to be distinguished from his official acts as pope. In this he was disappointed. Scribes of manuscripts, authors of legal works, and, of course, when they came into being, printers, cited him as Innocentius papa. His most important canonistic work is a lectura on the Liber extra. 
itemt. 3.2, fol. 104ra;
109Innocent (Innocentius) V, Pope, c. 1224–1276 
noteA misattribution in TUI 1584 of De exceptionibus (t. 3.2), for which see Innocent IV. Innocent V, Pierre de Tarnetaise, is sometimes said to have written a canonical work, but that work, a well-known abbreviation of Gratian’s Decreta with the incipit Verbum abbreviatum, seems to have been misattributed to him. See Vie du Bienheureux Innocent V (Frère Pierre de Tarentaise), archevêque de Lyon, primat des Gaules et premier pape de l’Ordre des Frères prêcheurs par un religieux du même Ordre (Città del Vaticano 1896) 59 n. 1 
item
110Jacobi (Jame d’Aurillac), Pierre, b. Aurillac c. 1270, d. Clermont 1347 
noteL. de Carbonnières, in DHGF 547–549. J. served, at various times, as official of both Le Puy and Mende, and is mentioned as a secular judge in various courts in the same region. He was a professor at the university of Montpellier. His Liber libellorum, also known as Practica aurea libellorum, enjoyed considerable success for three centuries. 
itemt. 3.1, fol. 309va;
111Jacobus Aegidii de Veterbio, prior Aureliensis (?Aureil, dép Haute-Vienne), ?13/2 c. 
noteCERL Thesaurus s.n. Aegidius, Jacobus. The remaining details come from Diplovatatius’ edition of De reprobatione testium, t. 4, f. 73rb. 
itemt. 4, fol. 73rb;
 Jacobus BalduiniIacopo Balduini 
 Jacobus CuiaciusCujas, Jacques 
 Jacobus de ArenaIacopo da Arena 
 Jacobus de BelvisoIacopo di Belviso 
 Jacobus de Butrigarius BononiensisIacopo Bottrigari 
 Jacobus Gentilis PerusinusGentili, Iacopo 
 Jacobus Lanfranchinus VeronensisLanfranchinus, Jacobus 
 Jacobus RaevardusRaevardus, Jacobus 
 Jacobus RichiusRick, Jakob 
 Jacobus Venentus, BononiensisVenenti, Giacomo 
 Joachimus HopperusHoppers, Joachim 
 Joannes Baptista Caccialupus de Sancto SeverinoCaccialupi, Giovanni 
 Joannes Baptista de Caccialupis (Caccialupus), de S. SeverinoCaccialupi, Giovanni Battista 
 Joannes Baptista de Sancto BlasioBattista da Sambiagio 
 Joannes Baptista Lupi, GeminianusLupi Geminiani, Giovanni Battista 
 Joannes Baptista PerusinusAlfani, Giovanni Battista 
 Joannes Baptista PontanusPontano, Giovanni Battista 
 Joannes CampesiusCampeggi, Giovanni 
 Joannes CorasiusCoras, Jean de 
 Joannes Crotus a MonteferratoCrotti, Giovanni 
 Joannes de (a) CapistranoGiovanni da Capestrano 
 Joannes de GrassisGrassi, Giovanni 
 Joannes de Roias, Episcopus SergentensisRojas, Juan de 
 Joannes de Selva GallusSelve, Jean 
 Joannes Dilecto Durante GualdensusDurante, Giovanni Diletto 
 Joannes Ferrarius, MontaniFerrarius Montanus, Joannes 
 Joannes FicardusFichard, Johann 
 Joannes Franciscus Fara Sardus, SaxarensisFara, Giovanni Francesco 
 Joannes Gillotus BriennensisGillot, Jean 
 Joannes Guterius Placentini HispaniGutiérrez, Juan 
 Joannes IureconsultusOldendorp, Johann 
 Joannes Jacobus a Canibus, PatavinusCan, Giovanni 
 Joannes Maria Monticellus de BobioMonticelli, Giovanni Maria 
 Joannes Mauritius, Bolani [sic, Dolani is probably meant]Mauritius, Joannes 
 Joannes Nicholai ArelatanusNicolas, Jean 
 Joannes NiderNider, Johannes 
 Joannes RaynaudusRaynaud, Jean 
112Joannes Rogeraius Trochaeus Parisiensis, ?16th c. 
noteNot in DHJF. CERL Thesaurus has two entries for what seems to be the same man: s.n. Trochaeus, Joannes R. with a reference to his De officio iudicis (t. 3.1) and s.n. Trochaeus, Joannes Rogeraius. The surname Troche exists, though it is not common. There is a very rare Italian surname Trocheo, but everything that we know about T. suggests that he was French. The De officio iudicis was first printed in Lyon in 1550 and is dedicated at Lyon to one Joannes Papponius, who is described as iudex silvaticae provinciae. This is probably Jean Papon, 1507–1590, who was lieutenant-general of the bailliage of Forez from 1545 to 1585 (see L. Pfister, in DHGF 782–783). The De officio iudicis has a decidedly humanist bent, and it is possible that Trochaeus is some kind of humanist in-joke based on the Latin metrical foot trochee. It is also possible that it refers to the some obscure place-name. The voivodeship of Trakai, for example, in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania is Tracensis in Latin. If either of these suggestions is plausible, then we should be looking for someone named Jean Rogeray. (The plausibility of this suggestion is somewhat increased by the fact that T. refers to himself as ‘Rogeraius’ in the dedicatory epistle.) There is, for example, a Jean de la Rogeraye, a proctor in the parlement, who is listed as owning the Paraphrases of Erasmus on 26 June 1539. Guy Bedouelle and Bernard Roussel ed., Le Temps des Réformes et la Bible, Bible de tous les temps, 5 (Paris 1989) 159. 
itemt. 3.1, fol. 129va; t. 3.1, fol. 136ra;
 Joannes Saporta, legum doctor TolosanusSaporta, Jean 
 Joannes Ulricus ZasiusZasius, Johann Ulrich 
113Joannes, monachus Cistersiensis, fl. sec. 13 exeunte – sec. 14 ineunte 
noteK. Pennington, in MEMJ, s.n. Ioannes Monachus. J. is frequently confused with Jean Lemoine (Joannes Monachus), who was not a Cistercian (or even a monk). 
itemt. 3.2, fol. 122ra;
 Jodocus Damhouderius, BrugensisDamhouder, Joos de 
 Julius Claus AlexandrinusClaro, Giulio 
 L’Escut, Nicolle deEscut, Nicolas de l’ 
 La Pape, Guy dePape, Gui 
114Lana, Luigi, b. Brescia . . . fl. ?c. 16/2 
noteNot in DGI or DBI. CERL Thesaurus. The dates in the Thesaurus are publication dates. L. is described in the first edition (Venzia 1574) of the Enchiridion as a jurisconsult of Brescia and an ‘eques auratus’ but not as a doctor. The dedicatory epistle is by the bookseller, Giordano Ziletti, addressed to the college of notaries of Venice. Hence, we cannot be sure that L. was alive when the first edition was published. 
itemt. 8.1, fol. 180ra;
115Lancellotti, Roberto, d. 1583 
noteL. Sinisi, in DGI 1.1142. Referenced by Sinisi in the article on Lancellotti, Giovanni Paolo, the well-known 16th century canonist. L. was Giovanni’s brother, a priest, and the author of the De attentatis (t. 5), 1st ed. Roma 1576, which continued to be published through 1685. He also worked with his brother on the latter’s Institutiones iuris canonici. L.’s death date comes from CERL Thesaurus, corrected from 1585 in both the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek and the LC authority files. 
itemt. 5, fol. 286va;
 Lancellotus Politi (Polyti) SenensisPoliti, Ambrogio 
 Lancilottus GalliaGallia, Lancelotto 
116Lanfranchinus, Jacobus, Veronensis, ?15th c. 
noteNot in DGI or DBI. CERL Thesaurus tells us that L. wrote additiones for juristic works other than Quaestiones in materia arbitrorum (t. 3.1). The date that it offers for L., 1590, seems too late for an author who is already recorded in Tractatus 1549. Finding L., however, has so far evaded us. Schulte 2.392 briefly mentions a 15th-century canonist named Lanfranchinus. The name is not common, but Schulte’s Lanfranchinus came from Trani, and Trani is a long way from Verona. 
item
117Lanfranco da Oriano (Lanfrancus de Ariadno), b. Oriano 1400 X 1410, d. Brescia 1488 
noteF. Roggero, in DGI 1.1146, who notes name variants: ‘Oriani’, ‘Lanfrancus de Oriano Brisianus’; K. Pennington, in MEMJ, s.n. Lanfrancus de Oriano. L. taught both civil and canon law at Padova, Ferrara, and, again, at Padova. His writings are many in both fields, with some emphasis on procedure. 
itemt. 2, fol. 391ra; t. 3.1, fol. 206va; t. 3.1, fol. 359ra; t. 3.2, fol. 58rb; t. 3.2, fol. 78va; t. 3.2, fol. 102ra; t. 3.2, fol. 103ra; t. 3.2, fol. 396ra; t. 4, fol. 29rb; t. 4, fol. 33va; t. 4, fol. 47rb; t. 4, fol. 179ra;
 Laurentius de Rodulfis, civis FlorentinusRidolfi, Lorenzo 
 Laurus de Palazzolis (de Palatiis)Palazzolo, Lauro 
 Le Caron, LouisCaron, Louis le 
118Leoni, Paolo, d. 1590 
noteMentioned in DGI 2.1974 as having written a De substitutionibus (t. 8.1) before the publication of the work of the same title of Alessandro Trentacinque (1st ed. Venezia 1588). Not in DBI. CERL Thesaurus. L. was bishop of Ferrara from 1578 until his death in 1590. Of his career before that we have been able to find little. He apparently came from Padova; he probably taught there, because his published works (see WorldCat) have a decidedly academic bent. Possibly an earlier version of the De substitutionibus was published in Napoli in 1563. 
itemt. 8.1, fol. 277rb;
 Ludovicus a Sardis, FerrariensisSardi, Ludovico 
 Ludovicus CharondasCaron, Louis le 
 Ludovicus Lana PatriciusLana, Luigi 
 Ludovicus Pelleus CarnutensisPelleus, Ludovicus 
119Lupi Geminiani, Giovanni Battista, b. S. Gimignano 16 c., d. Firenze p. 1612 
noteC. Gamba, in DGI 2.1216–1217 
itemt. 7, fol. 113rb;
120Luveranus, Gulielmus, ?16/1 c. 
noteNot in DGI, DBI, or CERL Thesaurus. Appears in library catalogues either as here or uninverted. His only work appears to be the commentary on the Arbor iurisdicionum (t. 3.1), a work which seems to have been printed only TUI 1584 and in Tractatus 1549. None of the cataloguers have attempted to identify the surname (possibly a Latinization of the French toponym Louviers or of the rare southern Italian surname Luvarà). We have been unable to find out anything about him other than the attribution to him of this item. 
itemt. 3.1, fol. 18va;
 M[?agister] M[artinus] Ra(e)vaudus (Revardus)Ravault, Martin 
121Maletta (Maletti), Alberico (b. Mortara c. 1410, d. Campalestro 1466) 
noteF. M. Vaglienti, in DGI 2.1234. Neither M.’s place of birth nor of his death is Pavia (Papiniensis in the Latin), but both are close to Pavia, where he was a member of the college of lawyers. He was a practicing lawyer and a diplomat. 
itemt. 4, fol. 162ra;
122Mandosi, Quintiliano, b. Amelia 1514, d. Roma 1593 
noteA. Landi, in DGI 2.1249–50. M. was a noted advocate in the Roman curia. 
itemt. 3.2, fol. 59ra; t. 5, fol. 86ra;
123Manfredi, Girolamo, b. Bologna 1527, d. Bologna 1598 
noteNot in DGI; V. Lavenia, in DBI. Doctor in utroque, probably from Ferrara, though he also seems to have studied at Bologna, M. practiced law and worked in the bureaucracy of the Papal States, ultimately becoming prefect of Ravenna, Cesena and Faenza during the pontificate of Sixtus V. His written works all seem to be derived from his legal practice, of which the De attentatis is probably the best known. 
itemt. 5, fol. 226va;
124Mantova Benavides, Marco Antonio, b. Padova 1489, d. Padova 1582 
noteC. Zendri, in DGI 2.1261–1262 
itemt. 6.2, fol. 273vb; t. 8.1, fol. 440ra; t. 8.2, fol. 386vb;
 Marcus Antonius BardusBardi, Marcantonio 
 Marcus Antonius BavieraBonetti, Marcantonio 
 Marcus Antonius Blancus PatavinusBianchi, Marcantonio 
 Marcus Antonius CuchusCucchi, Marco Antonio 
 Marcus Mantua Bonavito PatavusMantova Benavides, Marco Antonio 
 Marcus Vertranius MaurusMaurus, Marcus Vertranius 
 Marianus SociniSocini, Mariano 
 Marti[nus] Caratus [i.e. Garetus] Laud[ensis]Martino Garati da Lodi 
125Martino del Cassero da Fano (Martinus de Fano), b. Fano c. 1190, d. ?Bologna p. 1272 
noteM. Semeraro, in DGI 2.1291-2; DBI 36 (1988) 442-6. 
itemt. 3.2, fol. 102vb; t. 4, fol. 12ra;
126Martino Garati da Lodi, b. Lodi c 15/ineunte, d. Bologna 1455 
noteC. Storti, in DBI 2.1292–1294; G. Soldi Rondinini, in DBI, s.n. Garati, Martino. The spelling of the second element in M.’s name varies substantially including beginning it with ‘C’ rather than ‘G’. There seems to be no contemporary support for the one found in a number of library catalogues: ‘Caraziis’. M. obtained a doctorate in civil law at Pavia in 1430; he probably also obtained a doctorate in canon law at an unknown date. He was involved to some extent in the affairs of his home town, Lodi, but moved on to teach first at Pavia and then at Siena. His production of juristic writing is substantial, particularly considering that he died at a fairly young age. He is best known for his treatise De principibus, a work that has attracted the attention not only of legal historians but also of historians of political thought. He is well represented in TUI 1584. 
itemt. 8.2, fol. 90va;
127Massa, Antonio, b. Gallese 1500, d. Roma 1568 
noteF. L. Sigismondi, in DGI 2.1300–1; id. DBI 71 (2008) 666-8. Although he moved in humanistic circles, M.’s legal works followed the old style. 
itemt. 1, fol. 168vb; t. 3.1, fol. 101vb; t. 6.2, fol. 349rb;
128Mattei, Antonio (de), 16th c. 
noteNot in DGI or DBI. CERL Thesaurus has M. listed both s.n. Mattei, Antonio and s.n. Mattei, Antonio de. They seem to be same person, and the former says that he was a professor of civil law at the Archiginnasio in Rome. One would not want to hazard a date beyond the mid-16th century. 
itemt. 3.1, fol. 105ra;
129Mattesil(l)ani, Matteo, b. ?Bologna ... , fl. 1398 – 1412, d. Bologna ... . 
noteA. Labardi, in DGI 2.1308. M. taught both civil and canon law at Bolgna within the years mentioned, but did not write on the latter topic. Relatively little is known of his life. 
itemt. 8.1, fol. 321vb;
 Matthaeus Brunus AriminensisBruni, Matteo 
 Matthaeus de MathesilanisMattesil(l)ani, Matteo 
 Maturinus MontanusMontanus, Matrinus 
130Mauritius, Joannes, fl. 1538 
noteNot in DHJF. CERL Thesaurus. The information given in library catalogues and the ed. Venezia 1576 suggests Dôle as the place of origin for M., in which case ‘Bolani’ in TUI 1584 is a misprint for ‘Dolani’. His De restitutione in integrum (t. 5), his only known work, was first published in Lyon in 1538. The only edition online (Venezia 1576) describes him as formerly a counselor of the Holy Roman Emperor, his ‘magister libellorum’, and his ambassador to the king of France, none of which we need to believe, but none of which we have any reason to doubt. 
itemt. 5, fol. 114va;
131Maurus, Marcus Vertranius, fl. ?1558–1563 
noteCERL Thesaurus. So far as we are aware, nothing has been added to M.’s biography since the Nouvelle biographie generale t. 34 (Paris 1861) col. 431–432: ‘On ne connait ni sa vie ni le nom de son pays natal’. That he had some sort of legal training seems obvious from his De iure liberorum (t. 8.2), which enjoyed some printing success. He is best known as a philologian, whose notes on Tacitus and on Varro are still occasionally used. The dedicatory epistle of the first edtion of the De iure liberorum (Lyon 1558) is written by one ‘P. Bugnonius Maticensis J.C.’ to one ‘Ianus Angelus Papius’ who is described as of Napoli and ‘I. C. professor apud Cavares Primarium’. We have not pursued any of these references; they might provide further clues. 
itemt. 8.2, fol. 2r;
132Medici, Sebastiano, b. ?Firenze c. 1545, d. Roma 1595 
noteD. Edigati, in DGI 2.1317–1319. M. earned a doctorate utroque from Pisa in 1568. He was a secular priest and served as vicar general of various well-placed cardinals who became diocesan bishops. His last legal position was as auditor of the rota at Macerata. His writings are extensive and wide-ranging. In addition to the specifically legal treatises that appear in TUI 1584, he wrote on theological and moral issues, treatises on applying Aristotelean categories to legal terminology, and a treatise on what we would call political science called De legibus et statutis. 
itemt. 6.2, fol. 258rb; t. 6.2, fol. 388vb; t. 6.2, fol. 400va; t. 7, fol. 195va;
 Molinaeus, CarolusMoulin, Charles du 
133Moncada, Pedro de, 16th c. 
noteNot in DGI or DBI. CERL Thesaurus says little about him. 
item
134Montanus, Maturinus, fl. 1549–1555 
noteNot in DHJF. CERL Thesaurus. Two works are recorded under this author in WorldCat: the De haeredibus ab intestato (t. 8.1) and a work entitled Genialium dierum commentarii in nobile ac praeclarum Julii Pauli responsum septimo mense ff. de statu hominum. The first seems to have its editio princeps in Lyon in 1549. It is dedicated by the author to one ‘Gulielmus Comes praeses curiae Burdigalensis’. A Guillaume Le Comte de La Tresne is recorded as the fifth president of the parlement of Bordeaux on 27 August 1543. See the Liste de membres du parlement de Bordeaux published by the Archives departementales de la Gironde. The title identifies the author as being of Périgeux. The second was published in Paris in 1555. It contains a dedicatory epistle to a friend given at Périgeux, s.d. Both works have a decidedly humanist bent. Our author is probably the same as Mathurin Montaigne, who is described as both a physician and a jurist in A. Dujarric-Descombes, ‘Le docteur Jean Pascal’, Bulletin de la Société historique et archéologique du Périgord 34 (1906) 367. 
itemt. 8.1, fol. 384ra;
135Montecchio, Sebastiano, b. Vicenza 1538, d. Vicenza 1612/13 
noteL. Faggion, in DGI 2.1368 
itemt. 8.2, fol. 127rb; t. 8.2, fol. 200ra;
136Monti, Girolamo, d. 1522 
noteNot in DGI or DBI. CERL Thesaurus, s.n. Monte, Heironymus de, 1565–1590. The dates are publication dates, not M.’s dates. The German authority files reference V. Peroni, Biblioteca bresciana: opera postuma (Brescia 1818–23), 2.288, who says that M. was a jurist and a secular priest, who was coopted in the college of Brescia in 1513, and who ended his life as vicar general of the bishop of Bergamo in 1522. Despite Perroni’s flowery language, the details seem plausible. 
itemt. 3.2, fol. 333va;
137Monticelli, Giovanni Maria, 16/2 c. 
noteNot in DGI or DBI. CERL Thesaurus notes M.’s origin in Bobbio. 
itemt. 4, fol. 239ra;
138Moulin, Charles du, b. Paris 1500, d. Paris 1566 
noteJ. L. Thireau, in DHJF 363–366, s.n. Du Moulin, Charles. A well-known French jurist, who wrote on both the customary law and on the ius commune and whose writings negotiate between the methods of the humanists and those of the Bartolists. His religious affiliations were complicated. His De eo quod interest was published in Italy under name of Gaspare Cavallini (1530-1589), q.v., in order to avoid the censors. 
itemt. 5, fol. 17va;
139Muscornus, Hieronymus, Cyprius, 16th c. 
noteCERL Thesaurus lists M. in three entries, the first gives dates of 1581–1596, but these are publication dates, not the dates of M.’s life. The second and third add nothing to what we already know. The sole work ascribed to him is De iurisdictione et imperio (t. 3.2). Assuming that the name is not a pseudonym, the only hope of finding him lies in the toponym. There were relatively few jurists whose works were being published in western Europe in the 16th century who came from Cyprus. The dedicatory epistle of ed. Passau 1570 is addressed to one Jacobus de Nores count of Tripoli. This is probably Giacomo de Nores, count of Tripoli, who was killed by the Turks in the battle of Nicosia in 1570. That gives a terminus ante quem. The third volume of Anton Francesco Doni’s letters is dedicated to the same man in 1546, when he was not yet count. C. Schiavon, ‘Una via d’accesso agli epistolari. Le dediche dei libri di lettere d’autore nel Cinquecento. Prima parte’, Margini 3 (2009) online. That gives a terminus post quem. More work is called for. 
itemt. 3.2, fol. 15vb;
140Natta, Georgio, b. Casale Monferrato c. 1440, d. Casale Monferrato 1495 
noteE. Dezza, in DGI 2.1413; briefly noted by K. Pennington, in MEMJ. Doctor of both laws, N. taught civil law at Pavia, both canon and civil law at Ferrara, and canon law at Pisa. In 1479, he left teaching and devoted the rest of his life to judicial and diplomatic work. 
itemt. 2, fol. 247ra; t. 6.2, fol. 29va;
141Negusanzio, Antonio, b. Fano 1465, d. Firenze 1528 
noteM. Tocci, DGI 2.1418–1419. 
itemt. 6.1, fol. 194ra;
142Nello Cetti da San Gimignano (Nellus de [a] Sancto Geminiano), 1373–1430 
noteA. Bassani, in DGI 2.1419. After taking his doctorate at Bologna, N. moved to Firenze where he held various positions in government in addition to teaching in the studium. He is best known for his treatise De bannitis, which was witten toward the end of his life. 
itemt. 4, fol. 79ra;
143Nepos de Monte Albano, 13th c. 
noteB. Bernabé in DHJF 744, s.n. Montauban, Neveu de. N’s toponym is Montauban (dép. Tarn-et-Garonne). He was, apparently, a practicing judge in the senechausée of Toulouse. His Libellus fugitivus, a procedural work on exceptions in the tradition of the ordines iudiciarii, which was widely distributed in manuscript and in print, is the sole work that can be ascribed to him with any certainty. Bernabé, on the basis of citations in the work, dates it 1245 X 1274, probably 1258 X 1268. 
itemt. 3.2, fol. 105va; t. 4, fol. 57va;
144Niccolò degli Ubaldi, d. Roma 1519 
noteMentioned in DGI 1.771 as the son of Roberta, daughter of Dionigi Barigiani (c. 1347 c. 1424), who married Baldo II degli Ubaldi. G. B.Vermiglioli, Biografia degli scrittori perugini e notizie delle opere loro ordinate e raccolte (Perugia 1829) 1.151–156. N. was the son of Baldo II, who was the son of Matteo, another brother of Baldo, Angelo, and Pietro degli Ubaldi. N. was an auditor of the Roman Rota and engaged in various diplomatic missions for the pope. In addition to the two Tractatus ab intestato (t. 8.1), he is mentioned as the author of decisions of the Rota. Vermiglioli also mentions manuscript consilia that were in his time at Lucca. 
itemt. 8.1, fol. 337rb; t. 8.1, fol. 351va;
145Nicolas, Jean, 16th c. 
noteNot in DHJF. Listed in CERL Thesaurus, as a jurist from Arles. He may be the same as the Nicolaus, Johannes, in Jöcher (1751) 3.926, who is said to have come from the Dauphiné and have written a treatise De iure patronatus. It is possible that N. studied with Alciati when the latter was teaching at Avignon. His contribution to TUI 1584 is listed under Alciati. 
item
 Nicolaus de LescutEscut, Nicolas de l’ 
 Nicolaus Ubaldis, PerusiniNiccolò degli Ubaldi 
146Nider, Johannes, b. Isny (Allgäu) 1380, d. Nürnberg 1438 
noteP. Segl, in NDB. N. was a Domincan, a doctor of theology, and not a lawyer. He was active in the administration of his order, participated in the condemnation of the Hussites at the courncil of Basel, worked for the reform of both clergy and laity, and wrote widely on moral and theological issues, with particular emphasis, as was appropriate for one of his order, to reducing theological complexities to a form in which they could be used in preaching. He ended his life as professor of theology at the university of Wien and died on a visitation to the Domincan convent in Nürnberg. 
itemt. 6.1, fol. 279vb;
 Octavius Simoncellus CalliensisSimoncelli, Ottavio 
147Odofredo Denari (Odofredus de Denariis), b. Bologna sec. 13 ineunte, d. Bologna 1265 
noteE. Spagnesi, in DGI 2.1450–2; id., DBI 38 (1990) 700–5; Lange, Glossatoren 323–34. O. was a well-known civilian of the mid-13th c. who did not write everything that is attributed to him in TUI 1584. He taught at Bologna. His lectures on the Digest and Code survive, and they give us a better sense of the classroom than do many of the works of this period. 
itemt. 3.1, fol. 32vb; t. 3.2, fol. 79vb; t. 3.2, fol. 136rb; t. 4, fol. 2ra; t. 8.2, fol. 405va;
148Oldendorp, Johann, b. Hamburg c. 1488 (or 1480), d. Marburg 1567 
noteK. Luig, in NDB. O. studied at Rostock, Köln, and Bologna, but he took his doctorate at Greifswald. He was an early convert to Lutheranism and as a result taught in a number of different places, ultimately settling in Marburg. He worked on developing a genuinely Protestant law and distanced himself from those parts of the ius commune that were specifically Catholic, among them marriage law and the law of the relationship between church and state. He wrote widely, however, and a number of his works appear in Tractatus 1549. Their absence in TUI 1584 is noticeable as is the fact that his De executoribus (t. 8.1) is attributed simply to ‘Joannes iureconsultus clarissimus’. The work was printed in Köln in 1541, at 90–118 together with his Collatio iuris ciuilis et canonci. The Protestant tilt of the latter is fairly obvious, that of the former is not. We have not seen what seems to be the first edition, Frankfurt 1520, which is held only by the university library at Rostock, but if the date is to be believed it was written before O. became seriously involved with Protestantism. 
itemt. 8.1, fol. 196va;
 Oliverius Textoris, TuronenTextor, Oliverius 
 Oriano, Lanfranco da, d. 1488Lanfranco da Oriano 
149Palazzolo, Lauro, b. Padova c. 1410, d. ?Padova a. 4.iii.1465 
noteG. Ronconi, in DGI 2.1489–90; K. Pennington, in MEMJ. P. seems to have spent his entire life in Padova, where he taught both civil and canon law at the univeristy. He was principally an academic. 
itemt. 2, fol. 272ra;
150Paleotti, Gabriele, b. Bologna 1522, d. Roma 1597 
noteM. T. Guerrini, in DGI 2.1490–1491 
itemt. 8.2, fol. 45va;
151Pape, Gui, ?1404–1477 
noteG. Giordanengo, in DHGF 791–792; noted in Lange/Kriechbaum, Kommentatoren 947. Listed in some library catalogues, without any contemporary support, as Guy de la Pape, P.’s birth date is frequently given as 1402, but the only monographic study of him that we know of (L. Chabrand, Étude sur Gui Pape (1404?–1477), thèse Paris [Paris 1912]) gives it as ?1404. His death date is frequently given as 1487, but according to Chabrand and Giordanengo, this is ten years too late. P. was a doctor of law and wrote some academic legal works. He was, however, a practicing judge for most of his life, and a man of affairs, not all of them savory. He is best known for his collection of decisions of the council of the Dauphiné and of the parlement of Grenoble, which enjoyed wide circulation and imitation. 
itemt. 3.2, fol. 28vb; t. 3.2, fol. 70ra; t. 3.2, fol. 139ra; t. 4, fol. 300ra; t. 5, fol. 57ra; t. 7, fol. 71va; t. 8.2, fol. 323va;
 Paris de Puteo NeapolitanusPozzo, Paride dal 
 Paulus Leonius, PatavinusLeoni, Paulo 
 Pax Scala PatavinusScala, Pace 
152Peckius, Petrus (Pieter Peck), sr., b. Zierikzee 1529, d. Mechelen 1589. 
noteCERL Thesaurus, s.n. Peck, Peter. For P., see English Wikipedia s.n. Petrus Peckius the Elder (to distinguish him from his son, who was a 17th-century diplomat) (vernacular: Pieter Peck) with references to the Nieuw Nederlandsch biografisch woordenboek. P. had an academic career, principally at the university of Leuven, and wrote on a large number of topics in the ius commune, including canon law, of which he held the chair. 
itemt. 3.2, fol. 155rb;
153Pelleus, Ludovicus, 16th c. 
noteNot in DHJF. CERL Thesaurus. Not even French cataloguers have attempted to put the author’s name into the vernacular, which would probably be Louis Pelée de Chartres (Carnutensis). We have been unable to find any works by him other than Confutatio eorum, etc. (t. 1). 
itemt. 1, fol. 103va;
154Perigli, Angelo, b. Perugia, d. Perugia 1447 
noteM. A. Panzanelli Fratoni and F. Treggiari, DGI 2.1539–1541. Professor at Pergugia, P. died young. He left a number of works which found their way into print and seemed to have been particularly interested in the law of partnership (societas). 
itemt. 6.1, fol. 130vb; t. 8.2, fol. 138va;
155Personali, Achille, fl. 16/2 c. 
noteNot in DGI or DBI. CERL Thesaurus adds that P. was born in Mirandola (prov. Modena). The three items in t. 3.2 may be his only published works. 
itemt. 3.2, fol. 246ra; t. 3.2, fol. 276va; t. 3.2, fol. 281vb;
 Petrus Andreas GammariGammaro, Pietro Andrea 
 Petrus Bertrandus ViennensisBertrand, Pierre 
 Petrus de MoncadaMoncada, Petro de 
 Petrus de Ubaldis, de PerusioPietro degli Ubaldi 
 Petrus FolleriusFollerio, Pietro 
 Petrus Jacobi a Monte PessulanoJacobi, Pierre 
 Petrus Pechius ZiricaeusPeckius, Petrus 
156Petrus Ravennas (Pietro Francesco Tomai or Tomasi, de Thoma[s]is, de Toma[gl]is, de Thomasiis, also P. a Memoria, Pietro da la Memoria), b. Ravenna c. 1448, d. probably Worms 1509/10 
noteD. Girgensohn, in NDB. A doctor of both laws, P., after a period of teaching canon law in Italy, went to Germany, teaching at Greifswald, Wittenberg, Köln, and Mainz. At the end of his life he was involved with the Reichskammergericht in Worms. Influenced by humanist thought, though not quite a humanist jurist, he is perhaps best known for his Phoenix sive artificiosa memoria. 
itemt. 2, fol. 381ra;
 Petrus Santerna, LusitanusSantarém (Santerna), Pedro de 
 Phanuccius de PhanucciisFanucci, Fanuccio de 
 Philippus de Casolis, RegienCssoli, Filippo 
 Philippus Francus PerusinusFranchi, Filippo 
157Piaggia, Antonio, fl. c. 16 exeunte – c. 17 ineunte 
noteNot in DGI. CERL Thesaurus. Described in the Italian edit16 as ‘Giureconsulto nativo di Spello attivo tra il XVI e XVII secolo’. 
itemt. 8.2, fol. 325rb;
 Pierozzi, AntoninoAntonino (Pierozzi) 
158Pietro degli Ubaldi, junior, b. Perugia s. 15 ineunte, d. Perugia c. 1499 
noteC. Frova, in DGI 2.1581. P. was the nephew of Baldo and Angelo, and was probably named after another uncle Pietro, who was an important jurist in his own right (C. Frova, in DGI 2:1581–1582). P. taught both canon and civil law at Perugia between 1443 and 1493. His sole known work, previously attributed to his uncle Pietro, is the De duobus fratribus (t. 6). 
itemt. 6.1, fol. 133ra;
159Placentinus (Piacentino), b. Piacenza 12/2 c., d. Montpellier c. ?1181/2 
noteE. Cortese, in DGI 2.1568–71, s.n. Piacentino; Lange, Glossatoren 207–213. P., was an important jurist of the first generation after the ‘Four Doctors’. He taught at Mantova, Montpellier, Bologna, Piacenza, and, again, at Montpellier. Lange, in his list of P.’s works at 211–214, casts in doubt the genuineness of the works that appear under his name in TUI 1584. 
itemt. 1, fol. 135rb; t. 3.1, fol. 92vb; t. 3.1, fol. 94rb; t. 3.2, fol. 35vb; t. 3.2, fol. 39rb;
160Politi, Ambrogio Catarino (Lancellotto de), b. Siena 1484, d. Napoli 1553 
noteG. Caravale, DBI. After teaching law in Rome under the name ‘Lancelloto de Politi’, P. entered the Dominican order, taking the name Ambrogio Catarino. He is best known as a theological controversialist, taking conservative Catholic positions against both Martin Luther and members of his own order, such as Cardinal Cajetan and Domingo de Soto. For an English-lauguage account, see Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation, s.n. Politi, Ambrogio Catarino (online by subscription). 
itemt. 3.1, fol. 362ra; t. 8.1, fol. 224ra;
161Pontano, Giovanni Battista, fl. 1579 
noteNot in DGI or DBI. CERL Thesaurus. WorldCat tells us that both of P.’s known works, the De alimentis (t. 8.1) and the De spolio were published separately in Roma in aedibus populi Romani in 1579. Both describe him as an advocate of Rome. In the preface to former, ‘Ad lectorem’, P. says that he became interested in the question because he was consulted about it by a client. The 1579 edition of the latter is not available online. It is, however a more substantial work, which continued to be printed into the 18th century. The online version of what is described as the first German edition, Frankfurt 1686, contains no preface and tells us nothing more about the author. 
itemt. 8.1, fol. 445va;
162Porcellini, Francesco, b. Padova c. 1405, d. Padova before 1474 
noteE. Cortese, DGI 2:1617. A relatively minor Padovese civilian whose main works remain in manuscript. 
itemt. 6.1, fol. 173rb; t. 8.2, fol. 156rb;
163Poulvé, Adrien, fl. 1554–90 
noteNot in DHJF. CERL Thesaurus. P. received humanist legal training at Bourges and was an advocate of the parlement of Paris. 
itemt. 3.1, fol. 375va; t. 6.2, fol. 333vb;
164Pozzo, Paride dal, b. ?Castellammare di Stabia c. 1413, d. Napoli c. 1493 
noteE. Cortese, in DGI 1.655–57, s.n. Dal Pozzo, Paride. E. Cortese, DBI s.n. Dal Pozzo, Paride. In DBI Cortese pushes P.’s birth date, on what seem to be good grounds, back to 1411 or just before, but in DGI, he sticks with the traditional c. 1413. P. was a Neapolitan jurist, who devoted a long period at the end of his life to his writings. His interests and writing ranged beyond the ius commune to Lombard law, feudal law, and Neapolitan public law. See also Lange/Krichbaum, Kommentatoren, index under Paris de Puteo. 
itemt. 4, fol. 36ra; t. 7, fol. 151rb; t. 7, fol. 227ra;
 Prosdocimus de ComitibusConti, Prosdocimo 
 Pyrrhus AnglebermeAngleberme, Jean Pyrrhus d’ 
 Quintilianus MandosiiMandosi, Quintiliano 
165Raevardus, Jacobus (Reyvaert, Jacob), c. 1535–1568 
noteCERL Thesaurus. For R., one of the earliest legal humanists in the Netherlands who died quite young, see Dutch Wikipedia, with references. 
itemt. 1, fol. 244ra; t. 3.1, fol. 87ra;
 Rainaldus CorsusCorso, Rainaldo 
166Ravault, Martin, 16th c. 
noteNot in DHJR. CERL Thesaurus. R. is described as iuris licenciatus, and the Thesaurus says that he was an advocate of the parlement of Paris. In addition to Speculum iudicum (t. 3.1), he also wrote a mirror of princes (ed. Paris 1514). That date, coupled with the fact that the Speculum iudicum has an ed. Paris 1517 (at the back, starting at f. 117r, in which R. is described as the second vicar of the bailli of Sens), suggests that we should be thinking of him as a figure of the early 16th century. 
itemt. 3.1, fol. 84va;
167Raynaud, Jean, b. Avignon c. 14/exeunte, d. ?Marseille p. 1456 
noteG. Giodanengo, in DHJF 856–857. Eventually, a doctor of both laws, R. taught at Avignon, Aix, and, perhaps, Marseille. His Comprehensorium feudal, inspired by events at the parlement of Aix of which he was a member is in print (Lyon 1516) as are the two treatises that appear in the TUI 1584 (Tractatus suitatis [t. 8.2] and De mensuris [t. 12]), but most of his work remains in manuscripts to which Giordanengo gives the references. 
itemt. 8.2, fol. 153ra;
168Rick, Jakob, b. Ahrweiler . . . , fl. 1580–1622, d. . . . Ahrweiler 
noteNot in ADB or NDB. CERL Thesaurus. R. was a licentiatus in canon law and is recorded in 1580 at the law school in Köln. In addition to (t. 6.1), he wrote a treatise on the use of the water-proof to try witches (1st ed. Helmstedt, 1584). From 1611 to 1620 he is recorded as the vicar of the church of St. John the Baptist in Ahrweiler. 
itemt. 6.1, fol. 15vb;
169Ridolfi, Lorenzo, b. Firenze 1362, d. Firenze 1444 
noteG. Mellusi, in DGI 2.1690 
itemt. 7, fol. 15ra;
170Rivail, Aymar du, c. 1490 – 1557 
noteNot in DHJR. CERL Thesaurus, s.n. DuRivail, Aymar, c. 1490 – c. 1560. Another entry in the Thesaurus gives what seem to be more accurate dates, c. 1490–1557, but tells us less about him. ‘Allobrigis’ in R.’s Latin name is derived from ‘Allobriges’, the name of an ancient Gaulish tribe, which serves to identify R. to the Dauphiné, east of Lyon. For R., who was as much an historian as he was a lawyer, see the brief account in French Wikipedia, which gives his dates as 1491–1558. 
itemt. 1, fol. 3ra;
 Robertus LancellottusLancellotti, Roberto 
 Rochus CurtiusCorti, Rocco 
 Rogeraius, Johannes, TrochaeusJohannes Rogeraius Trochaeus 
171Rogerius, Constantius (Constantinus), fl. 1463 
noteNot in DGI or DBI. CERL Thesaurus. All the listings in WorldCat have R.’s given name as Constantius, as does the Index auctorum at the beginning of TUI 1584 t. 1. The Thesaurus says that he was a professor of law at Torino, and adds the toponyms ‘Bargeius’, ‘Bargianus’, ‘de Balgis’. The first two suggest Barzanò (prov. Lecco), which would fit geographically with Torino. That he was a professor at Torino we cannot confirm; he does not seem to be mentioned in T. Vallauri, Storia delle università degli studi del Piemonte (Torino 1845). A Torinese connection does, however, seem probable on basis of the privilège du roi in Constantii Rogerii In aliquot iuris civilis pandectarum titulos commentarii (Lyon 1552). 
itemt. 1, fol. 386ra; t. 1, fol. 394va; t. 1, fol. 395rb; t. 3.2, fol. 2ra; t. 3.2, fol. 245ra;
172Rojas, Juan de, d. 1578 
noteCERL Thesaurus. R. should not be confused with Juan de Rojas Sarmiento, a well-known Spanish astronomer, who was his close contemporary. R. was bishop of Girgenti (Agrigento) in Sicily from 1577 to 1578. Eubel, 3.98 (online by subscription). His death date now seems to have been established as 1578. Three of his works, including the Epitome omnium successionum (t. 8.1), were published by his brother in Salamanca in 1581. The book identifies R. as a member of the college of St. James (called ‘of Cuenca’ after its founder, the bishop of Cuenca) in Salamanca. That he was, as the authority file of the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek says, an inquisitor before he was bishop of Agrigento, is certainly possible. His other two works deal with the topic of heresy. 
itemt. 8.1, fol. 391vb;
173Rolandino Passeggeri, b. Bologna c. 1215, d. Bologna 1300 
noteI. Birochi, in DGI 2.1717–1720. R. studied law but never became a doctor. Rather, he became a notary, but he was also a teacher of notaries. He was deeply involved in the conflicted politics of Bologna in the second half of the thirteenth, where became a leader of the notaries. His writings, as one might expect from a notary, were practical, but not without an underlying theoretical content. His best-known work is his Summa artis notarie, but his Flos testamentorum, extracts from which appear in t. 8.1, was also well known. 
itemt. 8.1, fol. 1ra; t. 8.1, fol. 198vb; t. 8.1, fol. 199vb; t. 8.1, fol. 355ra;
 Rolandinus Passagerius, BononiensisRolandino Passeggeri 
 Rolandus a ValleValle, Rolando dalla 
174Roselli, Antonio (de Rosellis, Rorçcellis, Roxellus) b. Arezzo 1381, d. Padova 1466 
noteC. Valsecchi, DGI 2.1734–1735; K. Pennington, in MEMJ. Having pursued an academic career for a while, R. went into the service of popes Martin V and Eugenius IV. When he was not made a cardinal, he went back into academe, and taught canon law for 28 years at the university of Padova. He wrote on both canon and civil law but is best known for his Monarchia in which he asserted the rights of the emperor against those of the pope. 
itemt. 7, fol. 66va; t. 8.1, fol. 357vb; t. 8.2, fol. 75ra;
175Rouillé, Guillaume le, b. Alençon 1494 – d. Alençon c. 1550 
noteV. Lemonnier-Lesage in DHJR 651–652, s.n. Le Rouillé, Guillaume. R. was lieutenant-general of Beaumont-le-Vicomte and Fressnay in the county of Maine, sat on the council of Charles d’Albret and of Marguerite de Valois, and was an advocate in, and counselor of the exchequer at, Alençon (dép. Orne), in Normandy. His principal claim to fame is his edition of the coutumes of Normandy and his commentary on the coutume of Maine. 
itemt. 1, fol. 371va;
176Rutilio, Bernardino, b. Bologna 1504, d. Venezia 1538 
noteCERL Thesaurus. The planned DBI biography of Rutilio, Bernadino, 1504–1540, giurista, is not yet available online. R. is mentioned in Girolamo Tiraboschi’s Storia della letteratura italiana (Venezia 1795–6) 7.4.1482. Tiraboschi thinks of R. as a philologian (grammatico). He says that R. came from Cologna Veneta (prov. Verona), and attributes to him, in addition to the Vitae (t. 1), a Decuria of remarks on various Latin authors and notes on the letters of Cicero. 
itemt. 1, fol. 139va;
 Sancto Blasio, Johannes Baptista deBattista da Sambiagio 
177Santarém (Santerna), Pedro de, b. Santarém (Portugal) . . . fl. c. 15/exeunte – c. 16/ineunte 
noteCERL Thesaurus with reference to Italian edit16. Little is known of S.’s life, he is recorded as being at the university of Perugia in 1489. Afterwards he served as commercial agent for the king of Portugal, Manuel I (1495–1521), in Firenze, Pisa, and Livorno. The Tractatus de assecurationibus (t. 6.2) was first published in Venezia in 1552, but Domenico Maffei has argued that its composition goes back to 1488. D. Maffei, ‘Il giureconsulto portoghese Pedro de Santarém autore del primo trattato sulle assicurazioni (1488)’, Boletim da Faculdade de direito da Universidade de Coimbra 59 (1983) 703–728. After its first publication the De assecurtionbus was reprinted many times, frequently in conjunction with Stracca’s De mercatura 
itemt. 6.1, fol. 348rb;
178Saporta, Jean, fl. 1548–1558 
noteH. Gilles, in DHJF 915. S. was the son of a well-known professor of medicine at Montpellier named Antoine, with whom, it would seem, he is sometimes confused by later publishers. He was regent master of canon law at Toulouse from 1551 to 1558. We have seen references to a commentary on the l. Cum avus (D. 35.1) with a publication date in 1548. His treatises De mora (t. 6.2) and Liber collationis bonorum (t. 8.1) were first published in Lyon in 1550. 
itemt. 6.2, fol. 417va; t. 8.1, fol. 461rb;
179Sardi, Ludovico, b. Ferrara . . . , d. Ferrara 1445 
noteCERL Thesaurus. S. lectured on law at the university of Bologna in the 1420s and 1430s. De naturalibus liberis (t. 8.2) is his only known legal work. He also wrote poetry. See Luigi Ughi, Dizionario storico degli uomini illustri ferraresi (Ferrara 1804) 1.158. 
itemt. 8.2, fol. 29vb;
180Scala, Pace, d. 1604 
noteCERL Thesaurus has two entries for S., the firstof which identifies him to Padua, and the second of which confirms his death date of 1604. 
itemt. 3.1, fol. 331va;
181Schenck, Frederick, van Toutenburg, b. Vollenhove c. 1503, d. Utrecht 1580 
noteJ. von Schulte, in ADB, s.n. Schenck von Tautenburg, Friedrich Freiherr. S. was one of the archdeacons of Utrecht, and wrote extensively on legal matters, particularly on the feudal law. In 1559 he was made the first archbishop of Utrecht, and attempted to lead the Counter-Reformation there. The effort was not successful, and there was not another Catholic bishop of Utrecht until the 19th century. More recent biographies with somewhat contrasting views can be found in English and Dutch Wikipedia. 
itemt. 3.2, fol. 57rb; t. 3.2, fol. 397va; t. 4, fol. 28va; t. 4, fol. 77rb; t. 5, fol. 2ra; t. 5, fol. 38vb; t. 5, fol. 55rb;
 Sebastianus MedicisMedici, Sebastiano 
 Sebastianus MonticulusMontecchio, Sebastiano 
 Sebastianus VantiusVanzi, Sebastiano 
182Selve, Jean de (the ?elder), d. 1521 
noteP. Arabeyre, in DHGF 923–924. Arabeyre has shown that the author of the works attributed to ‘Joannes de Selva Galli’ in TUI 1584 are not by the well-known Jean de Selve (1475–1529), a scion of a noble family from the Bas Limousin, who entered royal service as a lawyer at an early age, became a confidant of, and a diplomat for, François I, and ended his life as premier président of the parlement of Paris (1520–1529). They are, rather, by his (probably) elder brother, a doctor of both laws, who became a counsellor in the parlement of Paris in 1511 and died in 1521. Before learning this, we wondered in our note to De iureiurado (t.4), how the better-known Jean de Selve could possibly have found the time to write the treatise. The answer is that he did not. The article in French Wikipedia, evinces some confusion between the two by not recognizing the existence of the elder, but adds plausibility to proposition that there were two Jeans by noting that the better-known Jean was his father’s eighth child, the first of a second marriage. 
itemt. 4, fol. 347vb;
183Severoli, Ercole, 16th c. 
noteNot in DGI or DBI. CERL Thesaurus. S. came from Faenza, and was active at the council of Trent in 1545. 
itemt. 3.1, fol. 378va;
 Simon VincentinusVincentinus, Simon 
184Simoncelli, Ottavio, d. ?1620 
noteNot in DGI or DBI. CERL Thesaurus. We have been unable to confirm S.’s death date, which appears in Italian edit16. It is, however, possible, since the first edition of his De decretis (Perugia 1574), which seems to be his only published work, was written, as he says in the dedicatory epistle to one ‘Petrus Ursinus’ (doubtless a member of the well-known noble family of the Orsini), while he was still a student at the university of Perugia. In that epistle S. describes himself as coming from Gagli (in the Marche). 
itemt. 6.2, fol. 284rb;
185Socini (Sozini, Soccini), Mariano, sr., b. Siena 1397, d. Siena 1467 
noteP. Nardi, in DGI 2.1881–1882; K. Pennington, MEMJ, s.n. Marianus Socinus (birth date given as 1401). S. was principally a canonist. The ‘senior’ is important to distinguish him from his grandson (1482–1556), who was a civilian. 
itemt. 3.1, fol. 96va; t. 4, fol. 189vb;
 Stephanus Aufrerius TholosanusAufréri, Étienne 
 Stephanus CostaCosta, Stefano 
 Stephanus de Federicis BrixiensisFederici, Stefano 
 Stephanus ForcatulForcadel, Étienne 
186Stracca, Benvenuto (b. Ancona 1509, d. Ancona 1578) 
noteV. Piergiovanni, DGI 2.1920–1922. 
itemt. 6.1, fol. 284rb; t. 6.1, fol. 303rb; t. 6.1, fol. 306vb; t. 6.1, fol. 310vb; t. 6.1, fol. 314va; t. 6.1, fol. 315vb; t. 6.1, fol. 321rb; t. 6.1, fol. 323va; t. 6.1, fol. 327ra; t. 6.1, fol. 329rb; t. 6.1, fol. 332ra; t. 6.1, fol. 333vb; t. 6.1, fol. 337va; t. 6.1, fol. 357va; t. 6.1, fol. 383ra;
187Tancredi da Bologna (Tancredus Bononiensis), b. Bologna c. 1185, d. Bologna c. 1236 
noteA. Bettetini, in DGI 1.1930–1; K. Pennington, in MEMJ. T. is one of the most important, perhaps the most important, canonist of the early part of the 13th century. 
itemt. 3.1, fol. 44ra;
 TancretusTancredi da Bologna 
188Textor, Oliverius, fl. 1529 
noteNot in DHJF. CERL Thesaurus. The earliest printing that we have found of T.’s De successionibus (t. 8.1) is in a large collection of treatises on the topic published in Köln in 1569. This is probably not the first printing. There are more records of his commentary on JI.3.6: Oliuerij Textoris Turonensis & Ligoliani In celeberrimum Institutionum Imperialium titul. De gradibus cognationum, commentarius elegans iuxtà ac doctus : ab eodem in Valentina Delphinatus Academia editus anno à Christi natiuitate vicesimonono supra milesimum [sic]: omneis [sic] omnium cognationum & affinitatis arborum declarationes, & vtilitates inde nascentes complectens (Lyon: heirs of Iacobus Gunta, 1554). Despite the errors in the Latin, there is no particular reason to doubt that this identifies a jurist who came from Ligueil (dép Indre-et-Loire) in the county of Tours, who first published this work in the Academy of the Dauphiné in Valence (dép Drôme) in 1529. Though the work uses JI.3.6 as a springboard, it is very much a canonistic work. That T. was also a canon of Gap (dép Hautes-Alpes), as is stated in the Thesaurus, we have not been able to confirm, but have no reason to doubt. 
itemt. 8.1, fol. 371vb;
 Thomas Actius, ForosemproniensisAzzi, Tommmaso 
 Thomas de VioVio, Tomasso 
 Trochaeus, Johannes RogeraiusJohannes Rogeraius Trochaeus 
 TyndarusAlfani, Tindaro 
 Ubaldi, Angelo degliAngelo degli Ubaldi 
 Ubaldi, Baldo degliBaldo degli Ubaldi 
189Uberto da Bobbio (Ubertus de Bobio), c. 1185–1245 
noteN. Sarti, in DGI 2.1989–90. Uberto taught for many years in Parma, Reggio, and Modena. His best-known work Liber cautele e doctrine has recently been the subject of a monograph: N. Sarti and S. Bordini, L’avvocato medievale tra mestiere et scienza giuridica. Il ‘Liber cautele e doctrine’ di Uberto da Bobbio (... 1211–1245) (Bologna 2011). 
itemt. 4, fol. 7vb;
 Udalricus ZasiusZasius, Ulrich 
190Ulpian (Ulpianus), d. 223 AD 
noteU. was a classical Roman jurist and the supposed author the Tituli ex corpore Ulpiani (t. 1, f. 271va). 
itemt. 1, fol. 271va;
191Vadi (Vadis), Benedetto (de), 16th c. 
noteNot in DGI or DBI. CERL Thesaurus. V. has not been identified other than by the fact that he wrote additiones or postille to a large number of 16th-century juristic works. His Latin toponym, de foro Sempronii, is Fossombrone (prov. Pesara e Urbino). His contribution to TUI 1584 is listed under Oriano (t. 3.1, f. 206va). 
item
 Valentinus FosterFoster, Valentin 
192Valle, Rolando dalla, b. ?Casale Monferrato c. 1503, d. Mirabello Monferrato 1575 
noteE. Dezza, in DBI 1.658–659 s.n. Dalla Valle, Rolando. V. took his doctorate utroque at Bologna in 1528. He was made a member of the senate of Monferrato by the Paleologi marquises. He supported the Gonzagas in their successful claim to Monferrato, and became president of senate and de facto governor of Monferrato in 1567. His writings date from the end of life and were frequently cited and reprinted. They include the De inventarii confectione (t. 8.2), Quaestiones super statuto de lucro dotis (t. 9), and four substantial volumes of Consilia. 
itemt. 8.2, fol. 166va;
193Vanzi, Sebastiano, b. Rimini 1514, d. Orvieto 1571 
noteE. Mura, in DGI 2.2019. V. pursued a clerical career, participated in the council of Trent, and ended his life as bishop of Orvieto (1562–1571). 
itemt. 4, fol. 371va;
194Venenti, Giacomo, fl. 1536–1544 
noteNot in DGI or DBI. CERL Thesaurus. Library catalogues give a floruit for V. of 1530 on grounds that we are unable to discover. A man of this name is recorded as lecturing on parts of both the Digest and the Code at the university of Bologna between 1536 and 1539. See C. Malagola, ‘Documenti inediti sulla laurea e sull’insegnamento di Gregorio XIII (Ugo Boncampagni)’, Il Buonrrotti ser. 2 12 (gennaio 1877-1878) 14–15. The De annua praestatione (t. 6.2), which seems to be his only published work was first printed at Bologna in 1544. It describes him as a doctor utroque and was dedictated to Giovanni cardinal Morone as apostolic legate to Bolgona, a position the Morone held from 1544 to 1548. 
itemt. 6.2, fol. 243vb;
 Verginius de Boccatiis de CinguloBoccacci, Verginio 
195Vicentinus, Simon 
noteLange, Glossatoren 310–13; A. Larson, in MEMJ, s.n. Symon Vicentinus. S. was as much a practitioner as he was a teacher, associated, it would seem, for the greater part of his career with Vicenza. (Hence, the toponym in his name; it has nothing to do with ‘Vincent’.) He wrote an apparatus on the Code, the Digestum vetus, and the Libri feudorum, repetitiones and quaestiones. His De iudiciali missione in possessionem (3.2) seems to have been the only work of his that attracted the attention of the early modern printers. 
itemt. 3.2, fol. 135ra; t. 3.2, fol. 135va;
 Vignate (Vignati), AmbrogioAmbrogio da Vignate 
196Vio, Tomasso (né Giacomo) de, called cardinal Cajetan, b. Gaeta 1469, d. Roma 1534. 
noteNot in DGI. E. Stöve, in DBI. C. was a Dominican, trained as a philosopher and theologian, the author of numerous works, including fulsome commentaries on the works of Thomas Aquinas and on many books of the Bible. As a cardinal of the Roman Church, C. was the pope’s legate to the Diet of Augsburg, where he tried, unsuccessfully to get Martin Luther to recant his views. Later he pronounced judgment that the marriage of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon was valid. C. not only wrote large works, he also wrote a large number of treatises on various theological and moral matters among which are those De cambiis and De monte pietatis (t. 6.1). 
itemt. 6.1, fol. 405ra; t. 6.1, fol. 419rb;
197Vitalis Nemausensis, ?c. 16/incipiente 
noteNot in DHJF. CERL Thesaurus. ‘Nemausensis’ is a Latin name for Nîmes, and when we combine that fact with the fact that what appears to be the first edition of the De collationibus (t. 8.1), Lyon 1510 (WorldCat), describes him as ‘consiliarius christianissimi francorum regis’ makes it likely that we are looking for a southern French jurist, whose floruit should be placed at the beginning of the sixteenth, rather than at the end, where the authority file of the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek has it. The only other information that we have about him is that he is described as ‘licentiatus in utroque’, that he wrote a repetitio on D.25.2.15, and that a repetitio of his on a decretal appeared in a collection of ten repetitiones on the decretals published in Paris in 1514. The De collationibus enjoyed considerable publishing success, but the author himself disappears from view. He may have died young. 
itemt. 8.1, fol. 456ra;
198Zanettini (de Zanetinis), Girolamo, b. Bologna ... , fl. 1457 – d. Bologna 1493 
noteM. T. Guerrini, in DGI 2.2081–2. 1457 is when Z. took his degree. 
itemt. 1, fol. 197vb; t. 3.1, fol. 405ra;
199Zasius von Rabenstein, Johann Ulrich, b. Freiburg im Breisgau 1521, d. 1570 
noteW. Goetz, in ADB (1898) 44.706–708. Z. was the son of the better-known early humanist jurist, Ulrich Zasius (1461–1535) and editor of his father’s works. Z. served as a counselor to princes and ended his life as Vice-Chancellor of the Reich under Maxmillian II. A shorter biography can be found in German Wikipedia. 
itemt. 1, fol. 252va;
200Zasius, Ulrich, b. Constanz am Bodensee 1461, d. Freiburg im Breisgau 1535 
noteA. von Eisenhart, in ADB. Z. came to law in mid-career. He did not get his doctorate until 1501, after having served as city-clerk and director of the Latin school of Freiburg in Breisgau. In 1505, he became professor of law at the university of Freiburg, where his teaching in the humanist style was an instant success. In doing this he anticipated Alciati; his contemporary Budé also took a humanist approach to law but did not attempt to teach prospective lawyers. Z. was deeply involved in the reform of the city laws of Freiburg in 1520. He corresponded with Luther, but remained a Catholic. Most of his legal works were published posthumously by his son and his students, but an edition of the De substitutionibus (t. 8.2) was published in Freiburg in 1532. 
itemt. 8.1, fol. 263vb;

 

 


 

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