The Harvard Law School’s Collection
of Medieval English Statute Books and
Registers of Writs

Ames Projects

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HLS MS No. 213

England. Statutes, Magna Carta to 12 Edw. 2; Tracts

ca. 1318

http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HLS.Libr:14004855

 

 

<Preliminary introduction>

The HOLLIS cataloguing may be found here. The following items are worth repeating:

Provenance : Ex libris James Graham (his heraldic bookplate on front pastedown) -- Bequest of Henry N. Ess, 2000.

“Description : [87] leaves : vellum ; 14 cm.

“Summary : Incomplete manuscript : initials on leaves 81 and 82 cut out; leaves 83 and 84 removed; leaves after no. 87 missing (text ends on 87 with “Incipit sum[mae] [a]pud Heingh[a]m”).

“Notes : Historiated initial with Edward I begins Magna carta; illuminated initials and initials decorated with penwork throughout.”

Not included in Baker’s English Legal Manuscripts.

The HOLLIS cataloguing is misleading. Fols. 83 and 84, at least in the foliation that we now have, are not missing. As our quiring (below) shows, what are missing are folios before the current fol. 82, 83, and 84. There is no fol. 87 as the manuscript is currently foliated. The manuscript ends on fol. 85, though much is probably missing after that.

The manuscript measures approximately 140 X 100 mm.

The binding probably dates from the 16th or 17th century, more likely the latter than the former. The boards are covered on the outside in leather with blind-tooled borders which is folded over the boards, so that the boards themselves are mostly visible on the inside. Compare HLS MS 182.

The decoration was at one time quite handsome, although the initial miniature with Magna Carta is in rather bad condition. The statutes have elaborately decorated initial capitals, many with gold leaf, in red and blue with scrollwork in the margins and some with borders. The design differs somehat from the standard. The blue that is used with the gold seems to be lighter and greener than the blue normally found in this type of manuscript. (Recall, however, that the color in our photography is unreliable.) There is only one surviving miniature. The initials that were vandalized on fols. 81r and 82r may have contained miniatures, although there is no surviving evidence of that. There are red and and blue paragraph marks throughout. (Here the color of the blue is standard as it is on the decorated initials that do not have gold leaf.)

The script is a standard semi-cursive legal one, typical of the early 14th century, clearly the work of a professional. We have not noticed any change in hand in the main text.

There is a modern pencilled foliation in the lower left-hand corner. It begins after the initial endpapers, which seem to be contemporary with the binding, and ends before the final endpapers, which also seem to be contemporary with the binding. Foliating the manuscript in this way necessitates referring to the endpapers, the first set of which has decipherable writing, by sequence number, but the convenience of having the digital foliation track that on the manuscript led us to set up the digital foliation in the same way as the modern pencilled foliation.

The manuscript consists of 11 regular quaternions, excluding the initial and final endpapers. Folios are missing after fols. 82, 83, and 84, giving us the following collation:

1–118 (f. 1–85, lacks one after f. 82, 83, 84, and 85r).

The loss of the folio after fol. 82 leads to a loss of much of the tract ‘De antiquo dominico coronae’. The Statute of York, 12 Edw. 2, begins on fol. 83r. The loss of the folio after fol. 83 does not seem to have resulted in any loss of text. Chapter 3 of the Statute of York carries over from from fol. 83v to fol. 84r. The same is true of the folio that is missing after fol. 84. Chapter 4 of the Statute of York carries over from fol. 84v to fol. 85 r.

What the quiring does not show is that quite a bit more than one folio is probably missing after fol. 85. Fol. 85v ends with an incipit for Parva Hengham, but nothing of that tract follows, simply endpapers.

The Statute of York, 12 Edw. 2, may be a later addition, though we are inclined to think that it is not. The layout and decoration looks of a piece with what precedes it with the same somewhat unusual light blue for the scrollwork and considerable use of goldleaf. Except for the Statute of York, everything in the manuscript antedates 1307.

The notes at the bottom of fol. 39v deserve more attention than we have been able to give them. They are medieval and seem to be notes of writ forms, perhaps derived from Westminster II.

There are marginalia in an early modern hand that identify some of the statutes, by modern standards not always accurately.

The missing initials on fol. 81 and 82 are probably sheer vandalism and could have happened at any time. What happened, however, when the manuscript was bound looks more systematic. The tracts seem to have been systematically removed, leaving only the statutes. All we have now is a piece of ‘De antiquo dominico coronae’ with the rest of it cut out and a notice that we will get ‘Hengham parva’, which we do not. That means, of course, that it is unknowable how many tracts there orginally were in the manuscript and what they were. We suspect that there were more than just ‘De antiquo dominico coronae’ and ‘Hengham parva’, because normally a manuscript from this period that contains tracts contains a collection of tracts, but we cannot tell.

There is no reason to doubt, however, that all the statutes that were originally in the manuscript remain. That gives us an approximate date of 1318. That the manuscript contained, at a minimum, ‘De antiquo dominico coronae’ and ‘Hengham parva’ allows us to speculate that the original owner was a professional with some connection to the central royal courts. The artwork suggests that he did not lack for funds.

The heraldry on the bookplate of James Graham on the inside front cover looks very much 18th or 19th century. We have not pursued it further.

 

Summary Contents

Clicking on the item in question will open the first sequence for the item in the PDS in a new tab or window.

 

  Seq. Fol. No. Item  
11–20f. 1r–5v1Magna Carta, as confirmed 25 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:114–19) 
20–24f. 5v–7v2Forest Charter, as confirmed 25 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:120–2) 
24–30f. 7v–10v3Provisions of Merton, 20 Hen. 3 (S.R. 1:1–4) 
30–43f. 10v–17r4Statute of Marlborough, 52 Hen. 3 (S.R. 1:19–25) 
43–69f. 17r–30r5Statute of Westminster I, 3 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:26–39) 
69–75f. 30r–33r6Statute of Gloucester, 6 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:45–50) 
76–76f. 33v–33v7‘Explanation’ of statute of Gloucester, 6 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:50) 
77–126f. 34r–58v8Statute of Westminster II, 13 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:71–95) 
126–131f. 58v–61r9Statute of Winchester, 13 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:96–8) 
131–133f. 61r–62r10Articles of inquiry on the statute of Winchester, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:245–6) 
133–134f. 62r–62v11Statute of Westminster III, 18 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:106) 
134–135f. 62v–63r12De presentibus vocatis ad warrantum, 20 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:108–9) 
136–137f. 63v–64r13De defensione iuris, 20 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:110) 
137–138f. 64r–64v14Statutum Hibernie de coheredibus, 20 Hen. 3 (S.R. 1:5) 
138–140f. 64v–65v15De bigamis, 4 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:42–3) 
140–144f. 65v–67v16Statute of Joint-tenants, 34 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:145–7) 
144–147f. 67v–69r17Statute of Fines, 27 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:126–30) 
147–149f. 69r–70r18De finibus et attornatis, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:215) 
149–150f. 70r–70v19De wardis et releviis, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:228) 
150–151f. 70v–71r20De quo warranto novum, 18 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:107) 
151–152f. 71r–71v21De quo warranto, 18 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:107) 
152–153f. 71v–72r22Statutum de illis qui debent poni in iuratis et assisis, 21 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:113) 
153–155f. 72r–73r23De viris religiosis, 7 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:51) 
155–156f. 73r–73v24Districtiones scaccarii, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:197 [ter] – 198) 
156–158f. 73v–74v25Circumspecte agatis, 13 Edw. 1, pt. 1 (S.R. 1:101–2) 
158–159f. 74v–75r26Circumspecte agatis, 13 Edw. 1, pt. 2 (S.R. 1:101–2) 
159–160f. 75r–75v27View of frankpledge, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:246–7) 
160–161f. 75v–76r28De homagio et fidelitate faciendis, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:227–8) 
161–162f. 76r–76v29Statute of Conspirators, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:216) 
162f. 76v30De proteccionibus non allocandis, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:217) 
163–164f. 77r–77v31Modus calumpniandi essoniam, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:217–18) 
164–168f. 77v–79v32Prerogativa regis, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:226–7) 
168–171f. 79v–81r33Extenta manerii, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:242–3) 
171–172f. 81r–81v34Ordinatio de libertatibus perquirendis, 27 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:131) 
172–173f. 81v–82r35Dies communes in banco, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:208) 
173f. 82r36Dies communes de dote, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:208) 
174f. 82v37De antiquo dominico coronae (Not in S.R.) 
175–180f. 83r–85v38Statute of York, 12 Edw. 2 (S.R. 1:177–9) 
180f. 85v39Hengham Parva (Not in S.R.) (heading only) 

 

Detailed Contents

Clicking on the sequence number will open that sequence in the PDS in a new tab or window.

 

Seq. Fol. Label Header Sig.  
1no fol., no sig.Front cover 
2no fol., no sig.Inside front cover 
  Note: Pasted heraldic bookplate of Thomas Graham, and a couple of pencilled library markings.
3no fol., no sig.Library reference marks and notes 
  Note: Lists the deficiencies in the manuscript noted in HOLLIS, dated 2/2006 DAF (i.e. David Ferris).
4no fol., no sig.Pen trials 
  Note: Beginnings of a charter form in English, ?17th c.
5no fol., no sig.Blank 
6no fol., no sig.Pen trials 
  Note: ‘In the name of God amen. Here is a godlie’ ?17th c.
7no fol., no sig.Pen trials 
  Note: In a similar script and perhaps the same hand as the preceding.
8no fol., no sig.Blank 
9no fol., no sig.Blank 
10no fol., no sig.Blank 
111rMagna Carta, as confirmed 25 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:114–19)magna carta 
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’ with border around text and miniature of the king.
121vmagna 
132rcarta 
142vmagna 
153rcarta 
163vmagna 
174rcarta 
  Note: grotesque.
184vmagna 
195rcarta 
205vForest Charter, as confirmed 25 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:120–2)magna carta 
  Heading: sequitur carta de liberatatibus foreste etc’.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’.
216rforeste 
226vcarta 
237rforeste 
247vProvisions of Merton, 20 Hen. 3. (S.R. 1:1–4)carta foreste 
  Heading: sequuntur provisiones de Merton’ etc’.
258r 
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘P’ with partial border around text.
268vmerton’ 
279rmerton’ 
289vmerton’ 
2910rmerton’ 
3010vStatute of Marlborough, 52 Hen. 3. (S.R. 1:19–25)merton’ 
  Heading: sequuntur Statuta de Marleberg’.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘A’ with gold leaf.
3111rmarleb’ 
3211vmarleb’ 
3312rmarl’ 
3412vmarl’ 
3513rmarleb’ 
3613vmarl’ 
3714rmarl’ 
3814vmarl’ 
3915rmarleb’ 
4015vmarl’ 
4116rmarl’ 
4216vmarl’ 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
4317rStatute of Westminster I, 3 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:26–39)marl’ 
  Heading: sequuntur Statuta Westmon’ primum.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’.
4417vWestm’ 
4518rp’mu’c ii 
4618vWestmon’ 
4719rp’mumc iii 
4819vWestmon’ 
4920rp’mum 
5020vWestm’ 
5121rp’mum 
5221vWestmon’ 
5322rp’mu’ 
5422vWestmon’ 
5523rp’mu’ 
5623vWestm’ 
5724rp’mu’ 
5824vWestm’ 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
5925rp’mum 
6025vWestm’ 
6126rii d 
6226vWestm’ 
6327rp’mu’iii d 
6427vWestm’ 
6528rp’mu’iiii d 
6628vWestm’ 
6729rp’mu’ 
6829vWestm’ 
6930rStatute of Gloucester, 6 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:45–50)p’mu’ 
  Heading: sequuntur Statuta Gloucestrie.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘P’ with gold leaf.
7030vGlouc’ 
7131rGlouc’ 
7231vGlouc’ 
7332rGlouc’ 
7432vGlouc’ 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
7533rGlouc’ 
7633v‘Explanation’ of statute of Gloucester, 6 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:50) 
  Heading: sequuntur explanaciones Gloucestrie.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘P’.
7734rStatute of Westminster II, 13 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:71–95) 
  Heading: sequuntur Statuta Westmonasterii secundi.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘C’ with gold leaf.
7834vWestm’ 
7935rsc’dm 
8035vWestmon’ 
8136rSc’dmE iiii 
8236vWestm’ 
8337rSc’dm 
8437vWestm’ 
8538rSc’dm 
8638vWestm’ 
8739rSc’dm 
8839vWestm’ 
  Note: Additions in bottom margin in two hands, both of which seem to date from the 14th century. Both concern writs, perhaps based on the statute.
8940rSc’dm 
9040vWestm’ 
9141rSc’dm 
9241vWestm’ 
9342rSc’dmF ii 
9442vWestm’ 
9543rSc’dmF iii 
9643vWestm’ 
9744rSc’dm 
9844vWestmon’ 
9945rSc’dm 
10045vWestm’ 
10146rSc’dm 
10246vWestm’ 
10347rSc’dm 
10447vWestm’ 
10548rSc’dm 
10648vWestmon’ 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
10749rSc’dm 
10849vWestm’ 
10950rSc’dm 
11050vWestm’ 
11151rSc’dm 
11251vWestm’ 
11352rSc’dm 
11452vWestm’ 
11553rSc’dm 
11653vWestmon’ 
11754rSc’dm 
11854vWestm’ 
11955rSc’dm 
12055vWestm’ 
12156rp’mu’ 
12256vWestm’ 
  Note: (1) Pen trials on this and the next page may be in the same hand as those at the beginning of the manuscript. (2) Carryover indicating quire break.
12357rSc’dm 
12457vWestm’ 
12558rSc’dmd ii 
12658vStatute of Winchester, 13 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:96–8)Westm’ 
  Heading: expliciunt Statuta Westmon’ secundi sequuntur Statuta apud Wynton’ edita.
12759rWynton’d iii 
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘P’ with gold leaf.
12859vWynton’ 
12960rsc’dm 
13060vWynton’ 
13161rArticles of inquiry on the statute of Winchester, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:245–6)Wynton’ 
  Heading: explic’ Statuta apud Wynton’ edita sequuntur articuli eorumdem Statutorum.
13261varticuli 
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘M’.
13362rStatute of Westminster III, 18 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:106)de Wynton’ 
  Heading: sequitur statutum Westmon’ tercii.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘Q’ with gold leaf.
13462vDe presentibus vocatis ad warrantum, 20 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:108–9)Westm’ 
  Heading: sequitur Statutum de de vocatis ad Warr’.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘C’.
13563rde voc’ ad Warr’ 
13663vDe defensione iuris, 20 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:110) 
  Heading: sequitur Statutum de defensione Juris.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘C’ with gold leaf.
13764rStatutum Hibernie de coheredibus, 20 Hen. 3. (S.R. 1:5)de defens’ iur’ 
  Heading: sequitur Statutum de homagio participu’.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘R’.
13864vDe bigamis, 4 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:42–3)de ho’ p’ 
  Heading: sequitur Statutum de bigamis.
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
13965rde bigamisb 
14065vStatute of Joint-tenants, 34 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:145–7) 
  Heading: explicit Statutum de Bigamis sequitur statutum de conuincto feoffamento.
14166rii b 
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’ with gold leaf.
14266vde con feoff’ 
14367rde con feoff’iii b 
14467vStatute of Fines, 27 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:126–30)de con feoff’ 
  Heading: sequitur Statutum de Finibus.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘Q’.
14568rde finibziiii b 
14668vde finibz 
14769rDe finibus et attornatis, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:215)de finibz 
  Heading: sequitur Statutum de finibus et attornatis.
14869vWard’ 
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘R’ with gold leaf.
14970rDe wardis et releviis, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:228)Ward’ 
  Heading: Sequitur statutum de Wardis et releviis.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘F’.
15070vDe quo warranto novum, 18 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:107)de Wardis et relev’ 
  Heading: sequitur Statutum quo Waranto Novum.
  Note: (1) Elaborately decorated initial ‘D’ with gold leaf. (2) This manuscript reverses the order of the statutes de quo warranto as they appear in S.R., putting the one in French here and following it with the one in Latin.
15171rDe quo warranto, 18 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:107) 
  Heading: sequitur Statutum quo Warranto ultimum.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘Q’.
15271vStatutum de illis qui debent poni in iuratis et assisis, 21 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:113) 
  Heading: sequitur Statutum de Juratoribus.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘Q’ with gold leaf.
15372rDe viris religiosis, 7 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:51) 
  Heading: sequitur Statutum de Religiosis.
15472vde religiosis 
  Note: (1) Elaborately decorated initial ‘C’. (2) Carryover indicating quire break.
15573rDistrictiones scaccarii, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:197 [ter] – 198)de relig’c 
  Heading: sequuntur districciones de scaccario.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘P’ with gold leaf.
15673vCircumspecte agatis, 13 Edw. 1, pt. 1. (S.R. 1:101–2)districciones sc’carii 
  Heading: Expliciunt districciones scaccarii sequitur Statutum circumspecte agatis.
15774rii c 
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’.
15874vCircumspecte agatis, 13 Edw. 1, pt. 2. (S.R. 1:101–2)circu’sp’te ag’ 
  Heading: sequitur Statutum de prohibicionibus.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘S’ with gold leaf.
15975rView of frankpledge, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:246–7)iii c 
  Heading: sequitur Visus franciplegii.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘A’.
16075vDe homagio et fidelitate faciendis, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:227–8)vi fn’ pl’ 
  Heading: sequitur modus faciendi homagium.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘Q’ with gold leaf.
16176rStatute of Conspirators, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:216) 
  Heading: sequitur Statutum de champertibus.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘C’.
16276vDe proteccionibus non allocandis, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:217)de a 
  Heading: sequitur Statutum de proteccionibus non allocandis.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘P’ with gold leaf.
16377rModus calumpniandi essoniam, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:217–18) 
  Heading: Sequitur calumpniandi essonia Modus.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘H’.
16477vPrerogativa regis, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:226–7) 
  Heading: sequuntur prerogativa Regis.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘D’ with gold leaf.
16578r 
16678vp’rogativa 
16779rR 
16879vExtenta manerii, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:242–3) 
  Heading: sequitur extenta maneriorum.
16980r 
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘I’.
17080vextenta man’ior’ 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
17181rOrdinatio de libertatibus perquirendis, 27 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:131)extenta man’ior’ 
  Heading: sequitur Statutum de libertatibus perquirendis.
  Note: Decorated initial cut out, grotesque remains.
17281vDies communes in banco, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:208) 
  Heading: sequuntur Dies communes in banco [partially cut out].
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘S’.
17382rDies communes de dote, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:208)9 ii 
  Heading: sequuntur Dies communes in placito dotis.
  Note: Decorated initial with gold leaf cut out.
17482vDe antiquo dominico coronae. (Not in S.R.) 
  Heading: Sequitur statutum de antiquo dominico corone.
  Note: (1) Elaborately decorated initial ‘L’. (2) The item is an opinion of Anger of Ripon, chief clerk of CB, c. 1290–2. See Baker, English Legal Manuscripts 49–50, citing numerous manuscripts, to which add this one, noting that it is defective. The text breaks off in mid-sentence, and the next folio begins a new quire.
17583rStatute of York, 12 Edw. 2. (S.R. 1:177–9)Statutu’ Ebor’ 
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘P’ with gold leaf.
17683v 
17784r 
17884v 
17985r 
18085vHengham Parva. (Not in S.R.) 
  Heading: Expliciunt Statuta Ebor’ Incipit summa parva Hengham.
  Note: The promised text of Hengham parva is not there.
181no fol., no sig.Blank 
182no fol., no sig.Blank 
183no fol., no sig.Blank 
184no fol., no sig.Blank except for pen trials 
185no fol., no sig.Blank 
186no fol., no sig.Blank 
187no fol., no sig.Blank 
188no fol., no sig.Blank except for pencil marks 
  Note: There may have been a header. If so, it is now illegible.
189no fol., no sig.Inside back cover 
  Note: Pencil marks at the bottom.
190no fol., no sig.Back cover