The Harvard Law School’s Collection
of Medieval English Statute Books and
Registers of Writs

Ames Projects

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HLS MS No. 174

England. Statutes, Magna Carta to 10 Edw. 3 (36 Edw. 3)

ca. 1340 (1365)

http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HLS.LIBR:12939582

 

 

The HOLLIS cataloguing may be found here.

The cataloguing in Baker’s English Legal Manuscripts, 1, no. 105 reads as follows:

“105 STATUTA VETERA
“MS. 174.

“C.xiv, illum, initial, oak boards. The statute 36 Edward III, c. 15, is added.

“Bought from Martin Breslauer, London, and received on 24 Jan. 1947.”

The manuscript is small, approximately 120 X 75 mm.

The oak board binding is old, probably not contemporary with the manuscript, but probably before 1500. There is evidence that the manuscript was trimmed at the top for binding, and the basically blank leaves at the end are probably a later addition. The binding is covered in parchment that is not in good condition. There are remains of a clasp (a hole on the front cover where the clasp would have gone, and a boss on the back cover to which it would have been attached), but the clasp is no longer there.

There is no foliation in the manuscript. When it was placed in the PDS, we added digital foliation beginning with the first page and continuing to the last page on which there is writing, but not including the blanks at the end. That gave us 161 folios. Baker does not give a foliation. HOLLIS had a total of 158, which is hard to reconcile with the reality. Since all the quires are medieval, it seemed best to foliate the manuscript entirely. We did that digitally, giving us a total of 170.

The quiring is regular. The main part of the manuscript has 20 quaternions and a final bifolium. Two folios are missing, one following fol. 33, the other following 90. In the case of the first, text is missing at the end of the provisions of Merton and the beginning of the statutue of Marlborough. In the case of the second, nothing is missing from the text. The additional quires at the end are ternions, but two folios were torn out from the very end of the manuscript. That gives us the following collation:

Collation: 1–48 (f. 1–32), 58 (f. 33–39, lacks 1 after f. 33), 6–118 (f. 40–87), 128 (f. 88–94, lacks 1 after f. 90), 13–198 (f. 95–158), 202 (f. 159–160), 21–226 (f. 161–170, 2 torn out after f. 170).

The initial ‘E’ of Magna Carta is decorated in dark red and blue and what may be gold leaf with red scrollwork issuing into the margins. Other major initials are decorated in red and blue with, once more, scrollwork issuing into the margins. There are red and blue paragraph marks throughout. There are no miniatures.

Most, perhaps all, of the folios of the main manuscript are laid out in pencil with lines for a header, 25 lines of text, and a rather large space at the bottom.

The condition of the manuscript is in some places rather poor. The handwriting shows some fading, though most of it is legible, particularly since the texts are well known.

On fol. 1r a hand of the late 14th or early 15th century has written: “Summa ecclesiarum Anglie – xlv ?milia ?lx; Summa villarum Anglie – lij ?milia et iiij (a superscript suggests that this should be 4 score); Summa feodorum militum – lij ?milia ccxv; De quibus in manibus religiosorum xxviij [one character illegible] et xv.” Whether these numbers are in the right order of magnitude (and even whether the abbreviation for milia is in fact an abbreviation for milia) requires more work.1 The point here is that an interest in these numbers bespeaks someone connected with central administration, perhaps with the Exchequer. The only other medieval additions to the manuscript that we have so far found is some notes about weights and measures following the so-called ‘statutum de Cibariis’ and brief note about a writ (fol. 160v) and the text on folio that follows of c. 15 of stat. 36 Edw. 3, which is written in a later and more informal hand. This is the well-known – and, so far as we can tell, ineffective – statute authorizing pleading in English rather than French. The copy of the statute is complete; a brief note follows.

The last datable item in the main collection is the statute 10 Edw. 3, stat 3. There is nothing in it that would indicate a date any later than that. Nor is there anything in the additional quires that requires a date later then 36 Edw. 3. Hence our approximate dates: ca. 1340 (1365).

1 It is said that in 1801 there were somewhat in excess of 10,000 parishes in England (Wrigley and Schofield, The Population History of England 1541-1871 [London: Edward Arnold, 1981], 620). The number of churches was, of course, higher than the number of parishes, but it seems highly unlikely that there were as many as 40,000 churches in the 14th century, when this note was probably written.

 

Summary Contents

Clicking on the item in question will open the first sequence for the item in the PDS in a new tab or window.

 

  Seq. Fol. No. Item  
5–28f. 1v–13r0Contents and Capitularia 
36–51f. 17r–24v1Magna Carta, as confirmed 25 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:114–19) 
51–59f. 24v–28v2Forest Charter, as confirmed 25 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:120–2) 
60–62f. 29r–30r3Sentencia exommunicationis lata in transgressores cartarum, 37 Hen. 3 (S.R. 1:6–7) 
62–69f. 30r–33v4Provisions of Merton, 20 Hen. 3 (S.R. 1:1–4) 
70–90f. 34r–44r5Statute of Marlborough, 52 Hen. 3 (S.R. 1:19–25) 
90–132f. 44r–65r6Statute of Westminster I, 3 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:26–39) 
132–144f. 65r–71r7Statute of Gloucester, 6 Edw. 3 (S.R. 1:45–50) 
144–145f. 71r–71v8De quo warranto, 18 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:107) 
146–147f. 72r–72v9View of frankpledge (S.R. S.R. 1:246) 
148–227f. 73r–112v10Statute of Westminster II, 13 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:71–95) 
227–230f. 112v–114r11Statute of Westminster III, 18 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:106) 
230–233f. 114r–115v12De bigamis, 4 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:42–3) 
233–235f. 115v–116v13De viris religiosis, 7 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:51) 
236–244f. 117r–121r14Statute of Merchants, 13 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:98–100) 
245–250f. 121v–124r15Statute of Fines, 27 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:126–30) 
251–258f. 124v–128r16Statute of Winchester, 13 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:96–8) 
259–268f. 128v–133r17Articuli cleri, 9 Edw. 2, stat. 1 (S.R. 1:171–4) 
269–274f. 133v–136r18Statute of Joint-tenants, 34 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:145–7) 
274–276f. 136r–137r19Statutum super apportamento armorum, 7 Edw. 2 (S.R. 1:170) 
276–282f. 137r–140r20Statute of York, 12 Edw. 2 (S.R. 1:177–9) 
283–295f. 140v–146v21Statute of Northampton, 2 Edw. 3 (S.R. 1:257–61) 
296–297f. 147r–147v22‘Statutum de Hibernia’ 
297–305f. 147v–151v23Prerogativa regis, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:226–7) 
305–306f. 151v–152r24De homagio et fidelitate faciendis, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:227–8) 
307–309f. 152v–153v25Exposicio vocabulorum 
310–312f. 154r–155r26Assize of bread and ale, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:199–200) 
312–313f. 155r–155v27Statute of weights and measures, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:204–5) 
314–315f. 156r–156v28Statute of gavelet in London, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:222) 
316–317f. 157r–157v29Oath of the sheriff, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:247) 
318–320f. 158r–158v30De militibus, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:229) 
320–323f. 159r–160v3110 Edw. 3, stat. 3 (De cibariis utendis) (S.R. 1:278–80) 
324–325f. 161r–161v3236 Edw. 3, stat. 1, c. 15 (pleading in English) (S.R. 1:375–6) 

 

Detailed Contents

Clicking on the sequence number will open that sequence in the PDS in a new tab or window.

 

  Seq. Fol. Label Header  
 1no fol., no sig.Spine 
 2no fol., no sig.Front cover 
 3no fol., no sig.Inside front cover 
 41rContemporary notes 
Note: In a hand of late 14th or early 15th c.: ‘Summa ecclesiarum Anglie – xlv ?milia ?lx; Summa villarum Anglie – lij ?milia et iiij [a superscript suggests that this should be 4 score]; Summa feodorum militum – lij ?milia ccxv; De quibus in manibus religiosorum xxviij [one character illegible] et xv’.
 51vList of contents 
 62r 
Note: Library reference marks.
 72vCapitularia of Magna CartaMagna 
Heading: Incipiunt capitula magne carte.
 83rCarta 
 93vCapitularia of Forest Charter and provisions of Mertonde foresta 
Heading: (1) Incipiunt capitula carte de foresta. (2) Incipiunt capitula de Merton.
 104rCapitularia of statute of Marlborough 
Heading: Incipiunt capitula de Marlebergh.
 114v 
 125rMarle 
 135vCapitularia of Westminster I 
Heading: Incipiunt capitula Westm’ Primum.
 146r 
Note: Corner torn.
 156vWestm’ 
 167rPrimu’ 
 177v 
 188rCapitularia of statute of Gloucester 
Heading: Capitula Glouc’.
 198v 
Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
 209rCapitularia of Westminster II 
Heading: Incipiunt Capitula Westm’ Scdi’.
 219vWestm’ 
 2210rScdm’ 
 2310vWestm’ 
 2411rScdm’ 
 2511vWestm’ 
 2612rScdm’ 
 2712vWestm’ 
 2813rScdm’ 
Heading: Explicit Capit’ Westm’ Scdm’.
Note: Faint note in later hand.
 2913vBlank 
 3014rBlank 
 3114vBlank 
 3215rBlank 
 3315vBlank 
 3416rBlank 
 3516vNotes 
Note: Faint notes, one of which may be ‘R Reinal’, perhaps a form of ‘Reynold’.
 3617rMagna Carta, as confirmed 25 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:114–19) 
Marginalia: Rex.
Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’.
 3717vMagna 
 3818rCarta 
 3918vMagna 
 4019rCarta 
Marginalia: (1) nostro si de nobis tenuerit. (2) viii [recte ix].
Note: Inserted correction in c. 8.
 4119vMagna 
 4220rCarta 
 4320vMagna 
 4421rCarta 
 4521vMagna 
 4622rCarta 
 4722vMagna 
 4823rCarta 
 4923vMagna 
 5024rCarta 
 5124vForest Charter, as confirmed 25 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:120–2)Magna carta 
Heading: Explicit magna carta. Incipit carta de foresta.
 5225rde Foresta 
Note: Elaborate initial ‘E’.
 5325v 
Note: Header trimmed.
 5426rForesta 
 5526vCarta 
 5627r 
 5727v 
Note: Header trimmed.
 5828r 
Note: Four horizontal strokes in lower margin, perhaps a signature mark.
 5928v 
Note: Header trimmed.
 6029rSentencia exommunicationis lata in transgressores cartarum, 37 Hen. 3. (S.R. 1:6–7) 
Heading: Explicit carta de foresta. Incipit sentencia lata super cartas.
Note: (1) Header trimmed. (2) Elaborate initial ‘A’.
 6129v 
Note: Header trimmed.
 6230rProvisions of Merton, 20 Hen. 3. (S.R. 1:1–4) 
Heading: Explicit sentencia lata super cartas. Incipiunt provisiones de Merton.
Note: (1) Header trimmed. (2) Elaborate initial ‘P’.
 6330v 
Note: Header trimmed.
 6431r 
 6531v?provisiones 
Note: Header trimmed.
 6632r 
Note: Header trimmed.
 6732v 
Note: (1) Header trimmed. (2) Carryover indicating quire break.
 6833r 
Note: Header trimmed.
 6933vprovisiones 
Note: The page ends with the first line of c. 8 of the provisions of Merton: ‘Ad breve Reigs de bastardia utrum aliquis’.
 7034rStatute of Marlborough, 52 Hen. 3. (S.R. 1:19–25)de marlebergh 
Note: (1) The page begins in the middle of c. 1 of the statute of Marlborough: ‘prout debuerunt et consueverunt temporibus’, etc. One fol. is probably missing. (2) The remains of a missing folio may be visible in a stub in the gutter of fol. 33v.
 7134vStatutum 
 7235rde marlebergh 
 7335vStatutum 
 7436rde marlebergh 
 7536vStatutum 
 7637rde marlebergh 
 7737vStatutum 
 7838rde marlebergh 
Note: (1) Header trimmed. (2) Elaborated initial in margin.
 7938vStatutum 
 8039r 
Note: Header trimmed.
 8139v 
Note: Header trimmed.
 8240r 
Note: Marginalia in unusual color: ‘pledr’ in asie’’.
 8340v 
Note: Header trimmed.
 8441r 
Note: Header trimmed.
 8541v 
 8642r 
 8742v 
 8843r 
 8943v 
 9044rStatute of Westminster I, 3 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:26–39) 
Heading: Expliciunt statuta marlebergh Incipit Westm’ p’mum.
Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘C’.
 9144v 
 9245r 
 9345v 
 9446r 
 9546v 
 9647r 
 9747v 
Note: Footnote ?.
 9848r 
 9948v 
 10049r 
 10149v 
 10250r 
Note: Extended margin.
 10350v 
 10451r 
 10551v 
Note: Missing page.
 10652r 
 10752v 
 10853r 
 10953v 
 11054r 
 11154v 
 11255r 
 11355v 
Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
 11456r 
 11556v 
 11657r 
 11757v 
 11858r 
 11958v 
 12059r 
 12159v 
 12260rprimer 
 12360v 
 12461r 
Marginalia: ? 8 H 7 s 6.
Note: The script of the marginalia is decidedly later; the reading is uncertain. There was no parliament in the 8th year of Henry VII.
 12561v 
Marginalia: xl.
 12662r 
 12762v 
 12863r 
Marginalia: nul homme.
 12963v 
Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
 13064r 
 13164v 
 13265rStatute of Gloucester, 6 Edw. 3. (S.R. 1:45–50) 
Heading: Explicit statutum Westm’ pr’m. Incipiunt statuta Glouc’.
 13365v 
Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘P’.
 13466r 
 13566v 
 13667r 
 13767v 
 13868r 
 13968v 
 14069r 
 14169v 
 14270r 
 14370v‘Explanation’ of statute of Gloucester, 6 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:50) 
Heading: Incipiunt Explanaciones eiusdem statuti.
Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘P’.
 14471rDe quo warranto, 18 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:107) 
Heading: Incipit statutum de quo Warranto.
Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘Q’.
 14571v 
Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
 14672rView of frankpledge. (S.R. S.R. 1:246) 
Heading: Incipit visus franciplegii.
Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘P’.
 14772v 
 14873rStatute of Westminster II, 13 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:71–95) 
Heading: Incipit statutum Westm’ scdi’.
Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘C’.
 14973v 
 15074r 
 15174v 
 15275r 
 15375v 
 15476r 
 15576v 
 15677r 
 15777v 
 15878r 
 15978v 
 16079r 
 16179v 
Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
 16280r 
 16380v 
 16481rScdm 
 16581vWestm’ 
 16682r 
 16782vWestm’ 
 16883rScdm 
 16983v 
 17084rScdm 
 17184vWestm’ 
 17285rScdm 
 17385vWestm’ 
 17486rScdm 
 17586vWestm’ 
 17687rScdm 
 17787v 
Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
 17888r 
 17988v 
 18089r 
 18189v 
 18290r 
 18390v 
Note: Missing page.
 18491r 
 18591v 
 18692r 
 18792v 
 18893r 
 18993v 
 19094r 
 19194v 
Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
 19295r 
 19395v 
 19496rScdm 
 19596v 
 19697r 
 19797v 
 19898rScdm 
 19998vWestm’ 
 20099rScdm 
Note: Page torn.
 20199vWestm’ 
 202100r 
 203100vWestm’ 
 204101r 
 205101v 
 206102r 
 207102v 
 208103rScdm 
 209103v 
 210104r 
 211104vWestm’ 
 212105rScdm 
 213105v 
 214106r 
 215106v 
 216107r 
 217107v 
 218108r 
 219108v 
 220109r 
 221109v 
 222110r 
 223110v 
Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
 224111r 
 225111v 
 226112r 
 227112vStatute of Westminster III, 18 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:106)Westm’u’ 
Heading: Explicit statut’ W’ scdi. Incipit stat’ Westm’ t’tij.
 228113rScdm’ [sic] 
Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘Q’.
 229113vWestm’ 
 230114rDe bigamis, 4 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:42–3)Terciu’ 
Heading: Explicit Westm’ tercium. Incipit statut’ de Bigamis.
Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘I’.
 231114vStatutum 
 232115rde Bigamis 
 233115vDe viris religiosis, 7 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:51)de Bigamis 
Heading: Incipit statutum de religiosis.
Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’.
 234116rde religiosis 
 235116v 
 236117rStatute of Merchants, 13 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:98–100) 
Heading: Incipit statutum de mercatoribus.
Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘P’.
 237117vStatutum 
 238118rde mercatoribus 
 239118v 
Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
 240119r 
 241119v 
 242120r 
 243120v 
 244121r 
 245121vStatute of Fines, 27 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:126–30) 
Heading: Incipit statutum de finibus.
Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘Q’.
 246122rde finibus 
 247122v 
 248123r 
 249123v 
 250124r 
 251124vStatute of Winchester, 13 Edw. 1 . (S.R. 1:96–8)Wyntonia 
Heading: Incipit statutum Wyntonie.
Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘P’.
 252125r 
 253125v 
 254126r 
 255126v 
 256127r 
 257127v 
 258128r 
 259128vArticuli cleri, 9 Edw. 2, stat. 1. (S.R. 1:171–4)Articuli 
Heading: Incipit statutum de articulis cleri.
 260129rCleri 
 261129v 
 262130r 
 263130v 
 264131r 
 265131v 
 266132r 
 267132v 
 268133r 
 269133vStatute of Joint-tenants, 34 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:145–7) 
Heading: Incipit statutum de coniunctim feoffatis.
Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’.
 270134rCleri [sic] 
 271134vde coniunctim 
 272135rfeoffatis 
 273135vde coniunctim 
 274136rStatutum super apportamento armorum, 7 Edw. 2. (S.R. 1:170)feoffatis 
Heading: Incipit statutum de defensione armorum.
Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’.
 275136vStatutum super apportamento armorum, 7 Edw. 2. (S.R. 1:170)de defensione 
 276137rStatute of York, 12 Edw. 2. (S.R. 1:177–9)armorum 
Heading: Incipit statutum de Ebor anno regni regis Edwardi duodecimo.
Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘P’.
 277137vEbor’ 
 278138r 
 279138v 
 280139r 
 281139v 
 282140r 
 283140vStatute of Northampton, 2 Edw. 3 . (S.R. 1:257–61) 
Heading: Incipit statutum de Northampton.
 284141rEbor’ [sic] 
 285141vNorthampton 
 286142r 
 287142v 
Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
 288143r 
 289143v 
 290144r 
 291144v 
 292145r 
 293145v 
 294146r 
 295146v 
 296147r‘Statutum de Hibernia’ 
Heading: Incipit statutum de hibernia.
Note: (1) Elaborately decorated initial ‘C’. (2) This would not seem to be any of the various statutes concerning Ireland, but, rather, a quotation from Glanvill 7.18.
 297147vPrerogativa regis, temp. incert.. (S.R. 1:226–7)Statutum 
Heading: Incipit prerogativa Regis.
Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘D’.
 298148rde hibernia 
 299148vPrerogativa 
 300149rRegis 
 301149v 
 302150r 
 303150v 
 304151r 
 305151vDe homagio et fidelitate faciendis, temp. incert.. (S.R. 1:227–8) 
Heading: Explicit prerogativa Regis.
Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘Q’.
 306152r 
Heading: Explicit modus faciendi homagium et fidelitatem.
 307152vExposicio vocabulorum 
Heading: Incipit exposicio vocabulorum.
Note: (1) Elaborately decorated initial ‘S’. (2) This item would seem to be related to, if it is not the same as, the text that is printed in Cartularies of St. Mary’s Abbey Dublin, ed. John T. Gilbert, Rolls Series (London 1884), 1:375-7. See Catalogue of English Legal Manuscripts in Cambridge University Library, ed. J. H. Baker and J. S. Ringrose (Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell 1996), xxxvi n.
 308153r 
 309153v 
 310154rAssize of bread and ale, temp. incert.. (S.R. 1:199–200) 
Heading: Incipit assisa panis et servisie.
Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘Q’.
 311154v 
 312155rStatute of weights and measures, temp. incert.. (S.R. 1:204–5) 
Heading: Statutum de ponderibus.
Note: (1) Elaborately decorated initial ‘Q’. This item is sometimes cited as c. 2 of the assize of bread and ale (S.R. 1:200). (2) Elaborately decorated initial ‘N’.
 313155v 
 314156rStatute of gavelet in London, temp. incert.. (S.R. 1:222) 
Heading: Incipit statutum de Gaveleto.
Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘P’.
 315156vStatutum de 
 316157rOath of the sheriff, temp. incert.. (S.R. 1:247)Gaveleto 
Heading: Juramentum vicecomitis.
Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘U’.
 317157v 
Heading: Explicit juramentum vicecomitis.
 318158rDe militibus, temp. incert.. (S.R. 1:229) 
Heading: Incipit statutum de militibus.
Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘R’.
 319158v 
 320159r10 Edw. 3, stat. 3 (De cibariis utendis). (S.R. 1:278–80) 
Heading: Statutum de cibariis.
Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘P’.
 321159v 
 322160r 
 323160v 
Heading: Explicit statutum de cibariis.
Note: The text underneath the heading, which is a different but more or less contemporary hand, may be an extension of the assize of bread and ale.
 324161r36 Edw. 3, stat. 1, c. 15 (pleading in English). (S.R. 1:375–6) 
Heading: Statutum anno xxxvi Edwardi tercii, ca. xv ?et ult.
Note: Written in a different hand and script. Obviously a somewhat later addition.
 325161v 
Note: At bottom ‘Nota quod ce stat ?qest fait perpetuell par le preamble’.
 326162rBlank 
 327162vBlank 
 328163rPen trials 
 329163v?Pen trials 
 330164rPen trials 
 331164v?Erased 
 332165r?Erased 
 333165vBlank 
 334166rBlank 
 335166vBlank 
 336167rBlank 
 337167vBlank 
 338168r?Erased 
 339168vBlank 
 340169rBlank 
 341169vBlank 
 342170rBlank 
 343170vBlank 
Note: Two fols. torn out.
 344no fol., no sig.Inside back cover 
 345no fol., no sig.Back cover