The Harvard Law School’s Collection
of Medieval English Statute Books and
Registers of Writs

Ames Projects

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HLS MS No. 174

England. Statutes, Magna Carta to 10 Edw. 3 (36 Edw. 3)

ca. 1340 (1365)

http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HLS.LIBR:12939582

 

 

The HOLLIS cataloguing may be found here.

The cataloguing in Baker’s English Legal Manuscripts, 1, no. 105 reads as follows:

“105 STATUTA VETERA
“MS. 174.

“C.xiv, illum, initial, oak boards. The statute 36 Edward III, c. 15, is added.

“Bought from Martin Breslauer, London, and received on 24 Jan. 1947.”

The manuscript is small, approximately 120 X 75 mm.

The oak board binding is old, probably not contemporary with the manuscript, but probably before 1500. There is evidence that the manuscript was trimmed at the top for binding, and the basically blank leaves at the end are probably a later addition. The binding is covered in parchment that is not in good condition. There are remains of a clasp (a hole on the front cover where the clasp would have gone, and a boss on the back cover to which it would have been attached), but the clasp is no longer there.

There is no foliation in the manuscript. When it was placed in the PDS, we added digital foliation beginning with the first folio and continuing to the last folio on which there is writing, but not including the blanks at the end. That gave us 161 folios. Baker does not give a foliation. HOLLIS had a total of 158, which is hard to reconcile with the reality. Since all the quires are medieval, it seemed best to foliate the manuscript entirely. We did that digitally, giving us a total of 170.

The quiring is regular. The main part of the manuscript has 20 quaternions and a final bifolium. Two folios are missing, one following fol. 33, the other following 90. In the case of the first, text is missing at the end of the provisions of Merton and the beginning of the statutue of Marlborough. In the case of the second, nothing is missing from the text. The additional quires at the end are ternions, but two folios were torn out from the very end of the manuscript. That gives us the following collation:

Collation: 1–48 (f. 1–32), 58 (f. 33–39, lacks 1 after f. 33), 6–118 (f. 40–87), 128 (f. 88–94, lacks 1 after f. 90), 13–198 (f. 95–158), 202 (f. 159–160), 21–226 (f. 161–170, 2 torn out after f. 170).

The initial ‘E’ of Magna Carta is decorated in dark red and blue and what may be gold leaf with red scrollwork issuing into the margins. Other major initials are decorated in red and blue with, once more, scrollwork issuing into the margins. There are red and blue paragraph marks throughout. There are no miniatures.

Most, perhaps all, of the folios of the main manuscript are laid out in pencil with lines for a header, 25 lines of text, and a rather large space at the bottom.

The condition of the manuscript is in some places rather poor. The handwriting shows some fading, though most of it is legible, particularly since the texts are well known.

On fol. 1r a hand of the late 14th or early 15th century has written: “Summa ecclesiarum Anglie – xlv ?milia ?lx; Summa villarum Anglie – lij ?milia et iiij (a superscript suggests that this should be 4 score); Summa feodorum militum – lij ?milia ccxv; De quibus in manibus religiosorum xxviij [one character illegible] et xv.” Whether these numbers are in the right order of magnitude (and even whether the abbreviation for milia is in fact an abbreviation for milia) requires more work.1 The point here is that an interest in these numbers bespeaks someone connected with central administration, perhaps with the Exchequer. The only other medieval additions to the manuscript that we have so far found is some notes about weights and measures following the so-called ‘statutum de Cibariis’ and brief note about a writ (fol. 160v) and the text on folio that follows of c. 15 of stat. 36 Edw. 3, which is written in a later and more informal hand. This is the well-known – and, so far as we can tell, ineffective – statute authorizing pleading in English rather than French. The copy of the statute is complete; a brief note follows.

The last datable item in the main collection is the statute 10 Edw. 3, stat 3. There is nothing in it that would indicate a date any later than that. Nor is there anything in the additional quires that requires a date later then 36 Edw. 3. Hence our approximate dates: ca. 1340 (1365).

1 It is said that in 1801 there were somewhat in excess of 10,000 parishes in England (Wrigley and Schofield, The Population History of England 1541-1871 [London: Edward Arnold, 1981], 620). The number of churches was, of course, higher than the number of parishes, but it seems highly unlikely that there were as many as 40,000 churches in the 14th century, when this note was probably written.

 

Summary Contents

Clicking on the item in question will open the first sequence for the item in the PDS in a new tab or window.

 

  Seq. Fol. No. Item  
5–28f. 1v–13r0Contents and Capitularia 
36–51f. 17r–24v1Magna Carta, as confirmed 25 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:114–19) 
51–59f. 24v–28v2Forest Charter, as confirmed 25 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:120–2) 
60–62f. 29r–30r3Sentencia exommunicationis lata in transgressores cartarum, 37 Hen. 3 (S.R. 1:6–7) 
62–69f. 30r–33v4Provisions of Merton, 20 Hen. 3 (S.R. 1:1–4) 
70–90f. 34r–44r5Statute of Marlborough, 52 Hen. 3 (S.R. 1:19–25) 
90–132f. 44r–65r6Statute of Westminster I, 3 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:26–39) 
132–144f. 65r–71r7Statute of Gloucester, 6 Edw. 3 (S.R. 1:45–50) 
144–145f. 71r–71v8De quo warranto, 18 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:107) 
146–147f. 72r–72v9View of frankpledge (S.R. S.R. 1:246) 
148–227f. 73r–112v10Statute of Westminster II, 13 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:71–95) 
227–230f. 112v–114r11Statute of Westminster III, 18 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:106) 
230–233f. 114r–115v12De bigamis, 4 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:42–3) 
233–235f. 115v–116v13De viris religiosis, 7 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:51) 
236–244f. 117r–121r14Statute of Merchants, 13 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:98–100) 
245–250f. 121v–124r15Statute of Fines, 27 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:126–30) 
251–258f. 124v–128r16Statute of Winchester, 13 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:96–8) 
259–268f. 128v–133r17Articuli cleri, 9 Edw. 2, stat. 1 (S.R. 1:171–4) 
269–274f. 133v–136r18Statute of Joint-tenants, 34 Edw. 1 (S.R. 1:145–7) 
274–276f. 136r–137r19Statutum super apportamento armorum, 7 Edw. 2 (S.R. 1:170) 
276–282f. 137r–140r20Statute of York, 12 Edw. 2 (S.R. 1:177–9) 
283–295f. 140v–146v21Statute of Northampton, 2 Edw. 3 (S.R. 1:257–61) 
296–297f. 147r–147v22‘Statutum de Hibernia’ 
297–305f. 147v–151v23Prerogativa regis, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:226–7) 
305–306f. 151v–152r24De homagio et fidelitate faciendis, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:227–8) 
307–309f. 152v–153v25Exposicio vocabulorum 
310–312f. 154r–155r26Assize of bread and ale, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:199–200) 
312–313f. 155r–155v27Statute of weights and measures, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:204–5) 
314–315f. 156r–156v28Statute of gavelet in London, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:222) 
316–317f. 157r–157v29Oath of the sheriff, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:247) 
318–320f. 158r–158v30De militibus, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:229) 
320–323f. 159r–160v3110 Edw. 3, stat. 3 (De cibariis utendis) (S.R. 1:278–80) 
324–325f. 161r–161v3236 Edw. 3, stat. 1, c. 15 (pleading in English) (S.R. 1:375–6) 

 

Detailed Contents

Clicking on the sequence number will open that sequence in the PDS in a new tab or window.

 

Seq. Fol. Label Header  
1no fol., no sig.Spine 
2no fol., no sig.Front cover 
3no fol., no sig.Inside front cover 
41rContemporary notes 
  Note: In a hand of late 14th or early 15th c.: ‘Summa ecclesiarum Anglie – xlv ?milia ?lx; Summa villarum Anglie – lij ?milia et iiij [a superscript suggests that this should be 4 score]; Summa feodorum militum – lij ?milia ccxv; De quibus in manibus religiosorum xxviij [one character illegible] et xv’.
51vList of contents 
62r 
  Note: Library reference marks.
72vCapitularia of Magna CartaMagna 
  Heading: Incipiunt capitula magne carte.
83rCarta 
93vCapitularia of Forest Charter and provisions of Mertonde foresta 
  Heading: (1) Incipiunt capitula carte de foresta. (2) Incipiunt capitula de Merton.
104rCapitularia of statute of Marlborough 
  Heading: Incipiunt capitula de Marlebergh.
114v 
125rMarle 
135vCapitularia of Westminster I 
  Heading: Incipiunt capitula Westm’ Primum.
146r 
  Note: Corner torn.
156vWestm’ 
167rPrimu’ 
177v 
188rCapitularia of statute of Gloucester 
  Heading: Capitula Glouc’.
198v 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
209rCapitularia of Westminster II 
  Heading: Incipiunt Capitula Westm’ Scdi’.
219vWestm’ 
2210rScdm’ 
2310vWestm’ 
2411rScdm’ 
2511vWestm’ 
2612rScdm’ 
2712vWestm’ 
2813rScdm’ 
  Heading: Explicit Capit’ Westm’ Scdm’.
  Note: Faint note in later hand.
2913vBlank 
3014rBlank 
3114vBlank 
3215rBlank 
3315vBlank 
3416rBlank 
3516vNotes 
  Note: Faint notes, one of which may be ‘R Reinal’, perhaps a form of ‘Reynold’.
3617rMagna Carta, as confirmed 25 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:114–19) 
  Marginalia: Rex.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’.
3717vMagna 
3818rCarta 
3918vMagna 
4019rCarta 
  Marginalia: (1) nostro si de nobis tenuerit. (2) viii [recte ix].
  Note: Inserted correction in c. 8.
4119vMagna 
4220rCarta 
4320vMagna 
4421rCarta 
4521vMagna 
4622rCarta 
4722vMagna 
4823rCarta 
4923vMagna 
5024rCarta 
5124vForest Charter, as confirmed 25 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:120–2)Magna carta 
  Heading: Explicit magna carta. Incipit carta de foresta.
5225rde Foresta 
  Note: Elaborate initial ‘E’.
5325v 
  Note: Header trimmed.
5426rForesta 
5526vCarta 
5627r 
5727v 
  Note: Header trimmed.
5828r 
  Note: Four horizontal strokes in lower margin, perhaps a signature mark.
5928v 
  Note: Header trimmed.
6029rSentencia exommunicationis lata in transgressores cartarum, 37 Hen. 3. (S.R. 1:6–7) 
  Heading: Explicit carta de foresta. Incipit sentencia lata super cartas.
  Note: (1) Header trimmed. (2) Elaborate initial ‘A’.
6129v 
  Note: Header trimmed.
6230rProvisions of Merton, 20 Hen. 3. (S.R. 1:1–4) 
  Heading: Explicit sentencia lata super cartas. Incipiunt provisiones de Merton.
  Note: (1) Header trimmed. (2) Elaborate initial ‘P’.
6330v 
  Note: Header trimmed.
6431r 
6531v?provisiones 
  Note: Header trimmed.
6632r 
  Note: Header trimmed.
6732v 
  Note: (1) Header trimmed. (2) Carryover indicating quire break.
6833r 
  Note: Header trimmed.
6933vprovisiones 
  Note: The page ends with the first line of c. 8 of the provisions of Merton: ‘Ad breve Reigs de bastardia utrum aliquis’.
7034rStatute of Marlborough, 52 Hen. 3. (S.R. 1:19–25)de marlebergh 
  Note: (1) The page begins in the middle of c. 1 of the statute of Marlborough: ‘prout debuerunt et consueverunt temporibus’, etc. One fol. is probably missing. (2) The remains of a missing folio may be visible in a stub in the gutter of fol. 33v.
7134vStatutum 
7235rde marlebergh 
7335vStatutum 
7436rde marlebergh 
7536vStatutum 
7637rde marlebergh 
7737vStatutum 
7838rde marlebergh 
  Note: (1) Header trimmed. (2) Elaborated initial in margin.
7938vStatutum 
8039r 
  Note: Header trimmed.
8139v 
  Note: Header trimmed.
8240r 
  Note: Marginalia in unusual color: ‘pledr’ in asie’’.
8340v 
  Note: Header trimmed.
8441r 
  Note: Header trimmed.
8541v 
8642r 
8742v 
8843r 
8943v 
9044rStatute of Westminster I, 3 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:26–39) 
  Heading: Expliciunt statuta marlebergh Incipit Westm’ p’mum.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘C’.
9144v 
9245r 
9345v 
9446r 
9546v 
9647r 
9747v 
  Note: Footnote ?.
9848r 
9948v 
10049r 
10149v 
10250r 
  Note: Extended margin.
10350v 
10451r 
10551v 
  Note: Missing page.
10652r 
10752v 
10853r 
10953v 
11054r 
11154v 
11255r 
11355v 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
11456r 
11556v 
11657r 
11757v 
11858r 
11958v 
12059r 
12159v 
12260rprimer 
12360v 
12461r 
  Marginalia: ? 8 H 7 s 6.
  Note: The script of the marginalia is decidedly later; the reading is uncertain. There was no parliament in the 8th year of Henry VII.
12561v 
  Marginalia: xl.
12662r 
12762v 
12863r 
  Marginalia: nul homme.
12963v 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
13064r 
13164v 
13265rStatute of Gloucester, 6 Edw. 3. (S.R. 1:45–50) 
  Heading: Explicit statutum Westm’ pr’m. Incipiunt statuta Glouc’.
13365v 
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘P’.
13466r 
13566v 
13667r 
13767v 
13868r 
13968v 
14069r 
14169v 
14270r 
14370v‘Explanation’ of statute of Gloucester, 6 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:50) 
  Heading: Incipiunt Explanaciones eiusdem statuti.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘P’.
14471rDe quo warranto, 18 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:107) 
  Heading: Incipit statutum de quo Warranto.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘Q’.
14571v 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
14672rView of frankpledge. (S.R. S.R. 1:246) 
  Heading: Incipit visus franciplegii.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘P’.
14772v 
14873rStatute of Westminster II, 13 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:71–95) 
  Heading: Incipit statutum Westm’ scdi’.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘C’.
14973v 
15074r 
15174v 
15275r 
15375v 
15476r 
15576v 
15677r 
15777v 
15878r 
15978v 
16079r 
16179v 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
16280r 
16380v 
16481rScdm 
16581vWestm’ 
16682r 
16782vWestm’ 
16883rScdm 
16983v 
17084rScdm 
17184vWestm’ 
17285rScdm 
17385vWestm’ 
17486rScdm 
17586vWestm’ 
17687rScdm 
17787v 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
17888r 
17988v 
18089r 
18189v 
18290r 
18390v 
  Note: Missing page.
18491r 
18591v 
18692r 
18792v 
18893r 
18993v 
19094r 
19194v 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
19295r 
19395v 
19496rScdm 
19596v 
19697r 
19797v 
19898rScdm 
19998vWestm’ 
20099rScdm 
  Note: Page torn.
20199vWestm’ 
202100r 
203100vWestm’ 
204101r 
205101v 
206102r 
207102v 
208103rScdm 
209103v 
210104r 
211104vWestm’ 
212105rScdm 
213105v 
214106r 
215106v 
216107r 
217107v 
218108r 
219108v 
220109r 
221109v 
222110r 
223110v 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
224111r 
225111v 
226112r 
227112vStatute of Westminster III, 18 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:106)Westm’u’ 
  Heading: Explicit statut’ W’ scdi. Incipit stat’ Westm’ t’tij.
228113rScdm’ [sic] 
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘Q’.
229113vWestm’ 
230114rDe bigamis, 4 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:42–3)Terciu’ 
  Heading: Explicit Westm’ tercium. Incipit statut’ de Bigamis.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘I’.
231114vStatutum 
232115rde Bigamis 
233115vDe viris religiosis, 7 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:51)de Bigamis 
  Heading: Incipit statutum de religiosis.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’.
234116rde religiosis 
235116v 
236117rStatute of Merchants, 13 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:98–100) 
  Heading: Incipit statutum de mercatoribus.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘P’.
237117vStatutum 
238118rde mercatoribus 
239118v 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
240119r 
241119v 
242120r 
243120v 
244121r 
245121vStatute of Fines, 27 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:126–30) 
  Heading: Incipit statutum de finibus.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘Q’.
246122rde finibus 
247122v 
248123r 
249123v 
250124r 
251124vStatute of Winchester, 13 Edw. 1 . (S.R. 1:96–8)Wyntonia 
  Heading: Incipit statutum Wyntonie.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘P’.
252125r 
253125v 
254126r 
255126v 
256127r 
257127v 
258128r 
259128vArticuli cleri, 9 Edw. 2, stat. 1. (S.R. 1:171–4)Articuli 
  Heading: Incipit statutum de articulis cleri.
260129rCleri 
261129v 
262130r 
263130v 
264131r 
265131v 
266132r 
267132v 
268133r 
269133vStatute of Joint-tenants, 34 Edw. 1. (S.R. 1:145–7) 
  Heading: Incipit statutum de coniunctim feoffatis.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’.
270134rCleri [sic] 
271134vde coniunctim 
272135rfeoffatis 
273135vde coniunctim 
274136rStatutum super apportamento armorum, 7 Edw. 2. (S.R. 1:170)feoffatis 
  Heading: Incipit statutum de defensione armorum.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘E’.
275136vStatutum super apportamento armorum, 7 Edw. 2. (S.R. 1:170)de defensione 
276137rStatute of York, 12 Edw. 2. (S.R. 1:177–9)armorum 
  Heading: Incipit statutum de Ebor anno regni regis Edwardi duodecimo.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘P’.
277137vEbor’ 
278138r 
279138v 
280139r 
281139v 
282140r 
283140vStatute of Northampton, 2 Edw. 3 . (S.R. 1:257–61) 
  Heading: Incipit statutum de Northampton.
284141rEbor’ [sic] 
285141vNorthampton 
286142r 
287142v 
  Note: Carryover indicating quire break.
288143r 
289143v 
290144r 
291144v 
292145r 
293145v 
294146r 
295146v 
296147r‘Statutum de Hibernia’ 
  Heading: Incipit statutum de hibernia.
  Note: (1) Elaborately decorated initial ‘C’. (2) This would not seem to be any of the various statutes concerning Ireland, but, rather, a quotation from Glanvill 7.18.
297147vPrerogativa regis, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:226–7)Statutum 
  Heading: Incipit prerogativa Regis.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘D’.
298148rde hibernia 
299148vPrerogativa 
300149rRegis 
301149v 
302150r 
303150v 
304151r 
305151vDe homagio et fidelitate faciendis, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:227–8) 
  Heading: Explicit prerogativa Regis.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘Q’.
306152r 
  Heading: Explicit modus faciendi homagium et fidelitatem.
307152vExposicio vocabulorum 
  Heading: Incipit exposicio vocabulorum.
  Note: (1) Elaborately decorated initial ‘S’. (2) This item would seem to be related to, if it is not the same as, the text that is printed in Cartularies of St. Mary’s Abbey Dublin, ed. John T. Gilbert, Rolls Series (London 1884), 1:375-7. See Catalogue of English Legal Manuscripts in Cambridge University Library, ed. J. H. Baker and J. S. Ringrose (Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell 1996), xxxvi n.
308153r 
309153v 
310154rAssize of bread and ale, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:199–200) 
  Heading: Incipit assisa panis et servisie.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘Q’.
311154v 
312155rStatute of weights and measures, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:204–5) 
  Heading: Statutum de ponderibus.
  Note: (1) Elaborately decorated initial ‘Q’. This item is sometimes cited as c. 2 of the assize of bread and ale (S.R. 1:200). (2) Elaborately decorated initial ‘N’.
313155v 
314156rStatute of gavelet in London, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:222) 
  Heading: Incipit statutum de Gaveleto.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘P’.
315156vStatutum de 
316157rOath of the sheriff, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:247)Gaveleto 
  Heading: Juramentum vicecomitis.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘U’.
317157v 
  Heading: Explicit juramentum vicecomitis.
318158rDe militibus, temp. incert. (S.R. 1:229) 
  Heading: Incipit statutum de militibus.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘R’.
319158v 
320159r10 Edw. 3, stat. 3 (De cibariis utendis). (S.R. 1:278–80) 
  Heading: Statutum de cibariis.
  Note: Elaborately decorated initial ‘P’.
321159v 
322160r 
323160v 
  Heading: Explicit statutum de cibariis.
  Note: The text underneath the heading, which is a different but more or less contemporary hand, may be an extension of the assize of bread and ale.
324161r36 Edw. 3, stat. 1, c. 15 (pleading in English). (S.R. 1:375–6) 
  Heading: Statutum anno xxxvi Edwardi tercii, ca. xv ?et ult.
  Note: Written in a different hand and script. Obviously a somewhat later addition.
325161v 
  Note: At bottom ‘Nota quod ce stat ?qest fait perpetuell par le preamble’.
326162rBlank 
327162vBlank 
328163rPen trials 
329163v?Pen trials 
330164rPen trials 
331164v?Erased 
332165r?Erased 
333165vBlank 
334166rBlank 
335166vBlank 
336167rBlank 
337167vBlank 
338168r?Erased 
339168vBlank 
340169rBlank 
341169vBlank 
342170rBlank 
343170vBlank 
  Note: Two fols. torn out.
344no fol., no sig.Inside back cover 
345no fol., no sig.Back cover