of necessity,1 as where languor is awarded to him in one plea and he is summoned  to answer in another; an essoin of difficulty in coming lies for him though he does  not leave his house2 [because] if he arises without licence he may lose, nor can he  appoint an attorney. The essoin is therefore admitted of necessity, though he was  not taken ill on the journey, and also [because] languor is a more effective excuse  than passing illness. The same may be said if he is vouched to warranty in some  plea.3 An essoin is sometimes allowed that would not be allowed in other circumstances,  as where languor has been awarded him in one plea and he has had all his  essoins in another, and on his day, though he cannot do so de jure,4 he essoins himself  de facto, when he cannot come nor appoint an attorney; the essoin will be allowed  him because of such necessity by counsel of the court. And so if a man and  his wife are impleaded, both have an essoin of difficulty in coming, one of them [he]  afterwards essoins himself5 of bed-sickness and the other [she] appears. She will  have a day for [the same] reason, and on that day an essoin, and when languor is  awarded him,6 an extended day, until the languor has passed,7[but she will never  have an essoin on an essoin because of such necessity,] for both may thus fall into  default.8
Who may essoin himself.
 We must see who may essoin himself, and when, and in which pleas, and when an  essoin lies and when not, and what the law is if a tenant appoints an attorney,  several or one. Also if there are several demandants and one tenant, or conversely,  or several demandants and several tenants, and one of them defaults. Also if a tenant,  one or several, vouches a warrantor, one or several, and one or more of them defaults.  Also how essoins are judged, and how they are returned. Who may essoin  himself and who may not. It is clear that anyone who is not prohibited may do so,  male or female, provided they are of full age. A minor, if it is clear that he is a  minor, may not essoin himself,9 nor does an essoin lie against him by anyone of full  age, especially in assises, because were he present he could say nothing against the  assise, why it may remain. [If a minor essoins himself when he is the tenant in a  plea in [cases in] which he is bound to answer under age, where he has been enfeoffed  within age,10 and others, let mention be made on the essoin, in the margin,  that he is a minor.]11[With respect to the statement that an essoin does [not] lie