which is not true of those mentioned above. And so of one naturally deaf and  dumb, if he cannot hear or speak at all, but if he can, though only with difficulty,  the same may be said, that he may1 acquire and retain and transfer to others, because  such persons may consent, at least by signs and a nod.23<But those who are  naturally deaf and dumb cannot acquire seisin, neither by themselves nor by procurators,  nor may they give, nor stipulate anything for themselves, because one who  is dumb cannot say the words of the stipulation nor can a deaf mute hear them,>4  <but they may do so by others, as tutors or curators, because by the animus et  corpus of another etc.>5 And finally note that the right cannot descend to anyone  whose father or mother or other ancestor, through whom the descent ought to be  made, is alive and well, whether of sound mind or not, whether he remains in the  world or has assumed the habit of religion.6 And though his ancestor withdraws himself  and demises the inheritance to his heir, by that the heir will not have an action  based on heredity, [because no] right can descend to him in the lifetime of the ancestor,  as [in the roll] of Hilary term in the seventh year of king Henry.78<The right may  descend to a felon, after the felony as well as before, and will remain with him and  descend to his heirs until he is convicted9 of the felony. But once he is convicted, it  will never descend to his heirs but re-ascend to the chief lords from whom it first  came. The tenement will be the escheat of the lords10 because it has no other to whom  it may descend, and seisin always follows the mere right.>11
That no right can descend to a donee from the seisin of a donor or his ancestor.
 And so if a gift is made by some ancestor named in the descent, [A descent will  never be made to the heir of a donee on the seisin of the ancestor of the donor, as  where it is said And of which such a one, the ancestor, was seised etc. and from him  the right of that land descended to such a one as son and heir, who gave that land  to such a one, the ancestor of the demandant, whence the right descended to him  who now claims as son and heir.]12 the gift bars the descent to the demandant.13 An  hereditary action is denied him on such descent, for one may give what he has, that  is, seisin and right, but he cannot grant an hereditary action to anyone, where he  must of necessity claim by descent. On this matter may be found [in the roll] of  Hilary term in the seventh year of king Henry in the county of Cambridge, [the  case] of