the truth of all investigated by a jury, not in the manner of an assise, except this, that  if the exception of villeinage is raised with the addition (among others) that he may  not marry his daughter without the payment of merchet, at a fixed or an uncertain  amount, that will never be proper against a freeman, though he holds by villein customs,  unless he has specially bound himself thereto or has coupled himself to a neif in  a villeinage,1 because of the rights of liberty, for though he holds in villeinage, he  nevertheless is sui juris;2 a free man does not subject his body or blood to servitude  though he holds in villeinage. It is only proper against a bondsman, who does not rule  himself but is ruled by his lord.]34<If anything is decided contrary to the rules mentioned  above it must not be observed as a judgment or as law, for it is rather to be  called error than truth, corruption than custom, as where [it is said that] if one acknowledges  that he was once a villein but was manumitted that he will not recover a  free tenement by the assise, though he puts forward a charter of manumission, as  among the pleas which follow the king in the twenty-third year of his reign in the  county of Suffolk, an assise of novel disseisin [beginning] if Ralph son of Robert.5  But the result may be saved where one has sold his villein for money and the villein  sold was never delivered to the purchaser during the life of the seller or buyer, and  who, if he were delivered, does not change his status though he changes his lord.6 If one  so manumitted has a child, though by a free mother possessing an inheritance, and he  is ejected after his mother's death, he will not recover a free tenement by the assise, no  more than will villeins, as among the pleas which follow the king in the twenty-first  year of his reign in the county of York, an assise of novel disseisin [beginning] if  William of Stockbridge.7 A free woman possessing an inheritance, when she is joined  to a villein and both are ejected, will not recover as long as the villein is alive,8 as  among the pleas which follow the king in the twentieth year, an assise of novel disseisin  concerning Walter of Emmedene and Alice the daughter of Erneld, in the  county of Buckingham,9 but the contrary.>10
If one complains that he has been wrongfully disseised.
 It should be noted generally that when one complains that he has been wrongfully  disseised, it may well be that he never was in seisin. On that ground the tenant will  have an exception, and let the truth be ascertained by the assise. If he was in seisin,  it may be that it was not in his own name but in another's, as a procurator, farmer,  villein and the like. 11<One may have seisin corpore and animo, his own or another's,  and one may acquire a thing