a certain Elena who was the wife of William of Hayston against Hugh of Selby.1
If the one summoned to answer in a plea of dower excepts that he holds nothing, or only for a term or in villeinage.
 The writ also contains the words such a woman claims against such a one [so much  land with the appurtenances]. To which he who has been called to court may reply  that he holds nothing nor ever held anything thereof, [The truth may be declared  by the country.] [or] he may acknowledge that he holds, but in another's name not  in his own, so that he can neither gain nor lose anything of that land, because he  holds it only for a term of years, or at the will of such a one, or in villeinage; in that  case the writ falls. Let a writ be impetrated against those in whose name he is in  possession. The writ does not fall, however, if he holds for life, or by the law of  England, or until he has been provided for, or the like, so that he has a free tenement,  but he ought to vouch his warrantor, as in other cases, as above.
An exception against the woman if she claims half of a knight's fee, that only a third.
 Also against such a one so much land with the appurtenances, that is, the half of  so much land or the third part. If it is a half, the tenant may except that she was  otherwise endowed at the church door, that is, of a third part, because the tenement  from which she claims dower is a military fee.2 To which the woman may allege the  contrary if she wishes, and3 let an inquest be taken as to the modus of the constitution.  If she claims the third part, he may except that she was endowed of a smaller  part and with that held herself content. This is also to be decided by inquest and by  the country.
The exception that her husband was never so seised4 there of that he could endow her.
 Also in such a vill, then [let it be done as5 above [in the portion] if there is an  error in the names of vills.]6 Also and whereof her husband endowed her on the  day he married her, and who could endow her thereof. To this the tenant may except  that her late husband never was seised thereof in any way. [Or] that he was never  so seised that he could endow her, because [he held] only at the will of such a one, or  as of gage, or in wardship, or for a term of years, and therefore in the name of another.  [Or] if in his own name, it was only for a term of life in some way, as of free tenement  and not in fee. [Or] if in fee, not so in fee that he could endow her, because it was the  right of another, so that her husband lost that land to him by judgment,7 [as where  he held it] only by disseisin or intrusion and lost it by the assise. There are any  number of cases of this sort, as to which, if the woman-demandant alleges the contrary  and both put themselves on the country, let an inquest be taken by this writ.