of those who swear saving the view.1 If everything is clear and full in the record, there  is no place for a certification, but let the plaintiff sue for a conviction if he wishes.
When a conviction lies and when not.
 In order to understand more clearly when a conviction lies and when not, we must  see by the record whether the assise was taken in the manner of an assise or in the  manner of a jury, an exception having been raised or not raised. [Also whether it has  been taken in the tenant's presence or in his absence.]2 If an exception was there  put forward, it is either peremptory to the writ only, not the action, because of an  error as to a name or a place, as that of a county or vill, which does not touch the  assise, [Here since the assise and action remain untouched, no conviction will lie,  though the jurors speak falsely or err, because nothing falls except the writ, the  assise remaining intact, and [because] the truth of such matters is ascertained equally  well without an oath as with.]3 [or] peremptory to the assise and the writ, because  of an error as to the thing, as where one claims a tenement by the assise when he  ought to claim a rent. If the jurors find for the demandant a conviction will lie, if the  assise is taken in the manner of an assise, otherwise if in the manner of a jury, and  thus by the assise or the jury the action will be determined. If the writ is good, when  the plaintiff or demandant puts forward his intentio and [supports it according to]  the clauses of the writ, the tenant may except against the intentio and the clauses  of the writ and deny them completely or in part. 4The plaintiff or demandant must  then prove his intentio by the assise, in which case, if the jurors swear falsely a conviction  will lie, because the assise is taken on the clauses aforesaid in the manner  of an assise. If the exception is one which does not touch any clause of the writ, and  thus the plaintiff's intentio is admitted completely, though5 the plaint appears rightful  it may nevertheless be nullified by an exception, as where the tenant says that he  is in possession and rightfully so by an agreement or condition, and that this he is  prepared to prove. When it cannot be denied, the preceding action and assise is  extinguished [and] another action put forward by way of exception arises.6 He  therefore must prove the agreement,7 which may be done in many ways. It may  sometimes be proved by an instrument and witnesses, sometimes in the absence of  instruments, by the assise taken in the manner of a jury, with the consent and  agreement of both parties. [They must of necessity consent, because if the proponent  is unwilling to prove what he says, the exception will be void and the plaintiff will  recover; if the plaintiff is unwilling8 to put himself on a jury