to be before our justices on such a day to show why he does not do so. And have there  the summoners etc.. From this it is evident that the writ of quare impedit and that of  quare non permittit amount to practically the same thing.1 If, after he has been summoned,  he neither appears on the first day nor essoins himself, at one time, before  the Lateran council, when time did not run against presentors, impediants were  attached by pledges and by better pledges, and the whole solemn course of attachments  was observed. Now, however, for good reason and of necessity, since what would  otherwise not be lawful necessity makes so,2 we must proceed more speedily because  of the shortness of time:3 let the impediant first be distrained in this way, either that  the sheriff have his body, or that he distrain him by his lands and chattels so  that he may not put his hand [upon them],4 in order to cause him to appear, as [in  a case] of the eyre of William of Ralegh in the county of Bedford, [that] of Hubert of  Vaux, at the beginning of the roll.5 This comes about not by judgment but by counsel  of the court, in order to restrain the wrongdoing of those who wrongfully impede  presentations that the time may run out. But if he who impedes the presentation is  under age and has nothing by which he may be distrained, then let him be summoned  in whose hand he is and by whose advice he is guided, that he be present on such a  day and have him etc. by this writ.
If the impediant is under age.
 The king to the sheriff, greeting. Summon etc. A. that he be before our justices etc.  and that he have there B. who is under age and in his wardship, especially since he is  governed by his counsel, as is said, to answer C. etc. (as below). 6[Some believe that  the patron is always to be summoned, not the clerk, since the clerk claims nothing  in the advowson. But in truth we must see whether it is the clerk who impedes or the  patron. For each of them may impede at his own time, that is, the patron before judgment,  before he has lost his right to present, by presenting, and the clerk after judgment,  after his patron has lost his right to present, by insisting after judgment on the  presentation made of himself. Here the clerk must be summoned principally and the  patron secondarily, that he be present to show what right he claims in the presentation  which he once lost by judgment. If a patron who has lost by judgment, or when  he has no right, presents to a church which is not vacant and causes the instituted  clerk to be summoned to show why he impedes his presentation, the clerk may answer  in the first place that