reason,1 but not if there is only a separation from bed and board.2 Sometimes the  heir gains the dower after the death of the husband, though it has been assigned, by  the custom of cities and counties, as in Kent, London, Lincoln and elsewhere.3 It  is clear that a maritagium given because of marriage always remains to the wife and  her heirs, if she has heirs [of her body]. If she does not, it reverts for failure4 of  heirs. In the same way paraphernalia5 remains to her heirs, of whatever kind.>
Of what thing.
 Of what? [It is clear that if a man has lands and tenements he may endow his wife,  provided he does not exceed due measure, of whatever land he wishes, no matter of  whose fee it is, though by so doing he deprives the chief lord of the wardship of his  fee when the wife takes it as dower; he does him damage but no injuria, for though he  has no wardship, relief suffices.6 On this matter may be found [in the roll] of Easter  term in the twelfth year of king Henry in the county of Lincoln, [the case] of Idonea  wife of Nicholas Burdet.]78Of his own lands and tenements, those he holds in fee to  himself and his heirs, 9whether by the causa of succession or acquisition,10 not if he  holds them for a term of life or years or in any other way whatever, 11as where it is  said I give you so much land, no mention made of heirs: the gift does not extend to  heirs, only for the life of the donee, and because it is not in fee but only for life a  petitio dotis fails.12 [But] 13if he is enfeoffed, absolutely and without condition of any  kind, to himself and his heirs, certain and specified14 or general, though (whether he is  a bastard15 or legitimate) he does not have heirs, [or does not have heirs of the proper  kind], or if he has them they have failed, so that the land must revert to the donor by  tacit condition or express, his wife will obtain dower,16 because the gift is absolute  from the beginning and an absolute feoffment, though destroyed by the tacit or  express condition.17 But if he makes the gift in this way,18 I give to you and your  heirs, if you have such heirs, or if you have them of such a wife, that gift is not  complete from the beginning but dependent upon the snares of fortune, nor will it  be complete until the condition is satisfied, until he has such heirs or has them of such  wife; if he does not, there will be no fee, only a free tenement for life, and thus an  action of dower will fail.19 But if he has such heirs or has them of such wife, though  they fail subsequently, it begins at once to be a fee and a complete gift and an action  of dower lies. In the first case [to him and his heirs, specified or general], the gift is  absolute, but resolved under an implied or express condition.20