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Bio-Bibliographical Guide to Medieval and Early Modern Jurists

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Report No. r213

Franciscus Zabarella

1360–1417

 

Alternative Names

Zabarella; Francesco (LC); Franciscus de Zabarellis

 

Biography/Description

Born at Padua in 1360, Zabarella studied at Bologna under Laurentius de Pinu, Andrea da San Gerolamo and Johannes de Legnano. He took the examinations in canon law there in 1382 and moved to Florence, where he received the doctorate utriusque iuris in 1385. In 1391, Zabarella moved back to Padua to teach law until 1410. His most important student was Panormitanus. Zabarella was made archpriest at the cathedral of Padua in 1398 and bishop of Florence in 1410. In 1411, he was elevated to the cardinalate by the antipope John XXIII, despite the fact that he never seems to have advanced beyond minor orders. Zabarella was one of the most important advocates of the conciliar movement and played a prominent role during the council of Constance. He died there in 1417 from an outbreak of plague, amid rumors of his impending election to the Papacy. When hearing of his death, the Emperor Sigismund is said to have declared, ‘Hodie mortuus est papa’. He was buried in the cathedral of Padua.

Zabarella wrote an extensive commentary on the Clementines and a shorter one on the Decretales. He also wrote a number of repetitiones and consilia. One part of his commentary on the decretales consisted of a treatise on the Schism which mustered legal arguments in favor of the Council. Zabarella is perhaps best remembered as the canonist who crafted a legal basis for conciliar authority.

 

Text(s)

 
No. 01

Commentaria in Decretales.

 
No. 01a

In primum librum. (X 1).

 
No. 01b

In secundum librum. (X 2).

 
No. 01c

In tertium librum. (X 3).

 
No. 01d

In quartum librum. (X 4).

 
No. 01e

In quintum librum. (X 5).

 
No. 01f

In primam partem Decretalium.

 
No. 02

Repetitiones in decretales.

 
No. 02a

Repetitio in cap. ‘Licet’, tit. ‘De electione’. cf. Tractatus de scismatibus.

 
No. 02b

Repetitio in cap. ‘Perpendimus’, tit. ‘De sententia excommunicationis’. (X 5.39.23).

 
No. 03

Lectura in cap. ‘Ut animarum’, ‘De constitutionibus’. (VI. 1.2.2).

 
No. 04

Lectura in constitutiones Clementinas.

 
No. 05

Tractatus de schismatibus authoritate imperatoris tollendis. Also known as the De unione ecclesie.

 
No. 06

Consilia.

 
No. 07

De horis canonicis.

 
No. 08

De modo studendi in iure.

 
No. 09

Quaestiones.

 
No. 10

Tractatus. (?).

 

Text(s) – Manuscripts

No. 01a

In primum librum.

 
Manuscript

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2254

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2255

 
 

Padova, Bibl. Cap. C.22

 
 

Padova, Bibl. Cap. D.12

 
No. 01b

In secundum librum.

 
Manuscript

Final Version

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2256

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2257

 
 

Padova, Bibl. Cap. B.5

 
 

Padova, Bibl. Cap. D.13

 
 

Wien, ÖNB 5019

 
No. 01c

In tertium librum.

 
Manuscript

Bruxelles/Brussel, Bibl. Royale II.1429 (Final version?)

 
 

Padova, Bibl. Cap. D.13

 
 

Padova, Bibl. Cap. D.16

 
No. 01d

In quartum librum.

 
Manuscript

Final version

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Ross. lat. 564

 
 

Padova, Bibl. Cap. D 14

 
 

Graz, Universitätsbibl. 728

 
 

Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 1053

 
 

Ottobeuren, Bibl. Abtei O.56

 
 

Sankt Gallen, Stiftsbibl. 741

 
 

Seitenstetten, Stiftsbibl. 2

 
 

Toledo, Arch. Cap. 16–12

 
 

Venezia, BN lat. IV 36 (2507)

 
 

Venezia, BN lat. IV 31 (2647)

 
No. 01e

In quintum librum.

 
Manuscript

Final version

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2258

 
 

Seitenstetten, Stiftsbibl. 2

 
 

Venezia, BN lat. IV 32 [2648]

 
 

Venezia, BN lat. IV 33 [2432]

 
No. 01f

In primam partem Decretalium.

 
Manuscript

Dillingen an der Donau, Studienbibl. XV.9

 
No. 02b

Repetitio in cap. ‘Perpendimus’, tit. ‘De sententia excommunicationis’.

 
Manuscript

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 5925, fol. 50ra–65rb

 
 

Graz, Universitätsbibl. 1294

 
 

Nürnberg, Stadtbibl. Cent. VI.7

 
No. 04

Lectura in constitutiones Clementinas.

 
Manuscript

Coimbra, Bibl. Univ. 724 (View online. My thanks to Professor José Domingues)

 
 

Torino, BN Universitaria I.I.13

 
No. 05

Tractatus de schismatibus authoritate imperatoris tollendis.

 
Manuscript

Bologna, Arch. Stato Riform. dello Studio, provv., decreti, notizie (no number)

 
No. 06

Consilia.

 
Manuscript

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 10962

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 11605

 
 

El Escorial, Bibl. San Lorenzo d.II.7

 
 

Firenze, BN Magliab. XXIX. 172

 
 

Ravenna, Bibl. Classense 485 (Vol. III, V, VII)

 
No. 10

Tractatus.

 
Manuscript

Genova, Bibl. Congregazione dei missionari 55

 

Text(s) – Early Printed Editions

No. 01a

In primum librum.

 
Early Printed Editions

Final Version. .

 
 

In primum librum. Venezia, 1502.

 
 

In primum librum. Lyon, 1518.

 
 

In primum librum. Lyon, 1557-58.

 
 

In primum librum. Venezia, 1602.

 
No. 01b

In secundum librum.

 
Early Printed Editions

First Version. .

 
 

In secundum librum. Venezia, 1502.

 
 

In secundum librum. Lyon, 1517-18.

 
 

In secundum librum. Venezia, 1602.

 
No. 01c

In tertium librum.

 
Early Printed Editions

Final Version. .

 
 

In tertium librum. Venezia, 1502.

 
 

In tertium librum. Venezia, 1518.

 
 

In tertium librum. Lyon, 1557-58.

 
 

In tertium librum. Venezia, 1602.

 
No. 01d

In quartum librum.

 
Early Printed Editions

First Version. .

 
 

In quartum librum. Venezia, 1502.

 
 

In quartum librum. Lyon, 1517.

 
 

In quartum librum. Lyon, 1557-58.

 
 

In quartum librum. Venezia, 1602.

 
No. 01e

In quintum librum.

 
Early Printed Editions

In quintum librum. Venezia, 1502.

 
 

In quintum librum. Lyon, 1517.

 
 

In quintum librum. Lyon, 1557-58.

 
 

In quintum librum. Venezia, 1602.

 
No. 02b

Repetitio in cap. ‘Perpendimus’, tit. ‘De sententia excommunicationis’.

 
Early Printed Editions

Repetitio in cap. ‘Perpendimus’, tit. ‘De sententia excommunicationis’. Bologna, 1499. (Hain 16261)

 
 

Repetitio in cap. ‘Perpendimus’, tit. ‘De sententia excommunicationis’. Venezia, 1502.

 
 

Repetitio in cap. ‘Perpendimus’, tit. ‘De sententia excommunicationis’. Lyon, 1517.

 
 

Repetitio in cap. ‘Perpendimus’, tit. ‘De sententia excommunicationis’. Lyon, 1557-58.

 
 

Repetitio in cap. ‘Perpendimus’, tit. ‘De sententia excommunicationis’. Venezia, 1602.

 
No. 03

Lectura in cap. ‘Ut animarum’, ‘De constitutionibus’.

 
Early Printed Editions

Repetitiones. Venezia, 1587, 5.fol. 43r-45v.

 
 

Repetitiones. Köln, 1618, 5.43r-45v.

 
No. 04

Lectura in constitutiones Clementinas.

 
Early Printed Editions

Lectura in constitutiones Clementinas. Roma, 1477. (Hain 16251)

 
 

Lectura in constitutiones Clementinas. Venezia, 1481. (Hain 16252)

 
 

Lectura in constitutiones Clementinas. Venezia, 1487. (Hain 16253)

 
 

Lectura in constitutiones Clementinas. Torino, 1492. (Hain 16256)

 
 

Lectura in constitutiones Clementinas. Venezia, 1498. (Hain 16254)

 
 

Lectura in constitutiones Clementinas. Lyon, 1498. (Hain 15257)

 
 

Lectura in constitutiones Clementinas. Venezia, 1499. (Hain 16255)

 
 

Lectura in constitutiones Clementinas. Napoli, s.a.. (Hain 16250)

 
No. 05

Tractatus de schismatibus authoritate imperatoris tollendis.

 
Early Printed Editions

First Version. .

 
 

See editions of Consilia, n. 150. .

 
 

Final Version. .

 
 

Tractatus de schismatibus authoritate imperatoris tollendis. Strasbourg, 1545. Appears as the repetitio on cap. Licet, tit. De electione et electi potestati (X 1.6.6).

 
 

De iurisdictione, autoritate et praeminentia imperiali. Basel: S. Schard, 1566, 688-711.

 
 

De iurisdictione, autoritate et praeminentia imperiali. Basel: S. Schard, 1587, 688-711.

 
 

Tractatus de schismatibus authoritate imperatoris tollendis. Villa Sanvicentina, 1607. Appears as the repetitio on cap. Licet, tit. De electione et electi potestati (X 1.6.6).

 
 

Tractatus de schismatibus authoritate imperatoris tollendis. s.l., 1608. Appears as the repetitio on cap. Licet, tit. De electione et electi potestati (X 1.6.6).

 
 

Tractatus de schismatibus authoritate imperatoris tollendis. Strasbourg, 1609. Appears as the repetitio on cap. Licet, tit. De electione et electi potestati (X 1.6.6).

 
 

Syntagma tractatuum de imperiali iurisdictione. Strasbourg: S.Schard, 1609, 235-47.

 
 

Historie sui temporis. Strasbourg: Theodoricus a Niem, 1609, 535-70.

 
 

Sylloge historico-politico-ecclesiastico. Strasbourg: S.Schard, 1618, 235.

 
 

Historie sui temporis. Strasbourg: Theodoricus a Niem, 1629, 535-70.

 
No. 06

Consilia.

 
Early Printed Editions

Consilia. Pescia, 1490. (Hain 16258)

 
 

Consilia. Pescia, 1495. (Hain 16259)

 
 

Consilia. Milano, 1496. (Hain 16260)

 
No. 07

De horis canonicis.

 
Early Printed Editions

De horis canonicis. .

 
No. 08

De modo studendi in iure.

 
Early Printed Editions

De modo studendi in iure. .

 
No. 09

Quaestiones.

 
Early Printed Editions

Quaestiones. s.l., s.a.. (Hain 16262)

 

Text(s) – Modern Editions

No. 05

Tractatus de schismatibus authoritate imperatoris tollendis.

 
Modern Editions

Ed. C. Mesini in Apollinaris, 39 (1966) 134–57.

 
No. 06

Consilia.

 
Modern Editions

Ed. R. Creytens in ‘Un Consilium de François Zabarella et de Jacques de Piémont relative aux observances dominicaines’, Archivum Fratrum Praedicatorum, 22 (1952) 346–80.

 
No. 07

De horis canonicis.

 
Modern Editions

Ed. V. Ludwig in ‘Ein neuaufgefunderTraktat Franz Zabarellas “De horis canonicis”,’, Jahrbuch des Stiftes Klosterneuberg, 3 (1910) 139–78.

 
No. 08

De modo studendi in iure.

 
Modern Editions

Ed. T. Morrissey in ‘The Art of Teaching and Learning Law: A Late Medieval Tract’, History of Universities, 8 (1989) 28–74.

 

Literature

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M. Decaluwé, ‘Three Ways to Read the Constance Decree Haec sancta 1415): Francis Zabarella, Jean Gerson and the traditional papal view of general councils’, The Church, the Councils, and Reform: The Legacy of the Fifteenth Century, G. Christianson and T. Izbicki, ed. (Washington DC 2008) 122–139.

B. David, ‘Sites of Confluence: The Master of the Yates Thompson Divine Comedy,’, Tributes to Jonathan J.G. Alexander: The Making and Meaning of Illuminated Medieval & Renaissance Manuscripts, Art & Architecture, S. L’Engle and G. Guest, ed. (London 2006) 21–32.

M. Fois, ‘L’ecclesiologia del conciliarismo’, AHP, 42 (2004) 9–26.

T. Morrissey, ‘Canonists in Crises ca. 1400-1450: Pisa, Constance, Basel’, Nicholas of Cusa and His Age: Intellect and Spirituality. Essays Dedicated to the Memory of F. Edward Cranz, Thomas P. McTighe and Charles Trinkaus, T. Izbicki and C. Bellitto, ed. (Studies in the History of Christian Thought, 105; Leiden 2002) 63–75.

D. Girgensohn, ‘Vom Widerstandsrecht gegen den bischöflichen Stadtherrn. Ein Consilium Francesco Zabarellas für die Bürger von Trient 1407)’, ZRG Kan. Abt., 118 (2001) 306–385.

T. Morrissey, ‘Peter of Candia at Padua and Venice in March 1406’, Reform and Renewal in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance: Studies in Honor of Louis Pascoe, S.J., T. Izbicki, ed. (Studies in the History of Christian Thought, 96; Leiden 2000) 155–173.

T. Morrissey, ‘Ein unruhiges Leben: Franciscus Zabarella an der Universität von Padua (1390-1410). Die Welt, die Nikolaus von Kues vorfand’, Mitteilungen und Forschungsbeiträge der Cusanus-Gesellschaft, 24 (1998) 5–40.

T. Morrissey, ‘Ecce sacerdos magnus: On Welcoming a New Bishop. Three Addresses for Bishops of Padua by Franciscus Zabarella’, Nicholas of Cusa on Christ and the Church: Essays in Memory of Chandler McCuskey Brooks for the American Cusanus Society, G. Christianson and T. Izbicki, ed. (Studies in the History of Christian Thought, 71; Leiden 1996) 57–70.

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T. Morrissey, ‘The Art of Teaching and Learning Law: A Late Medieval Tract’, History of Universities, 8 (1989) 28–74.

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T. Morrissey, ‘The Crisis of Authority at the End of the Fourteenth Century: A Canonist’s Response’, Mediaevalia: A Journal of Mediaeval Studies, 9 (1986) 251–267.

T. Morrissey, ‘Cardinal Franciscus Zabarella (1360-1417) as a Canonist and the Crisis of His Age: Schism and the Council of Constance’, ZKG, 96 (1985) 196–208.

T. Morrissey, ‘The Call for Unity at the Council of Constance: Sermons and Adresses of Cardinal Zabarella, 1415–1417’, Church History: Studies in Christianity and Culture, 53 (1984) 307–18.

T. Morrissey, ‘Emperor-elect Sigismund, Cardinal Zabarella, and the Council of Constance’, CHR, 69 (1983) 353–370.

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T. Morrissey, ‘The sun and moon image: A late medieval critic’, The Jurist, 42 (1982) 170–79.

F. Oakley, ‘Pseudo-Zabarella’s Capitula agendorum: An Old Case Reopened’, Annuarium historiae conciliorum, 14 (1982) 111–123.

T. Morrissey, ‘Franciscus Zabarella (1360–1417): Papacy, Community, and Limitations upon Authority’, Reform and Authority in the Medieval and Reformation Church, G. F. Lytle, ed. (Washington DC 1981) 37–54.

T. Morrissey, ‘The decree “Haec Sancta” and Cardinal Zabarella: His Role in its Formulation and Interpretation’, AHC, 10 (1978) 145–76.

T. Morrissey, ‘Cardinal Zabarella on Papal and Episcopal Authority’, Proceedings of the Patristic, Medieval and Renaissance Conference (1976) 39–52.

T. Morrissey, ‘The Art of Teaching Law: The Manuscripts of a Tract by Franciscus Zabarella (1360–1417)’, BMCL, 4 (1974) 78–79.

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