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Report No. r153

Clementines

1317

 

Alternative Names

Constitutiones Clementi V; Liber Clementinarum

 

Biography/Description

The official collection of papal decretals named for Pope Clement V, who directed that the compilation be made, though it was only promulgated definitively by his successor, John XXII, in 1317. The Clementines contains 106 decretals and canons that had been issued after Liber sextus (1298). The core of the Clementinesconsists of thirty-eight constitutions of the Council of Vienne (1311–12). Clement promulgated the Clementines in 1314, but he died before the collection could be circulated. After a two year vacancy, Clement’s successor, John XXII, undertook a review of the text which took more than a year; John modified and corrected the text and added his own promulgation letter, Quoniam nulla. Just how much John changed the Clementines is a matter of considerable debate. Unlike the former codifications of Gregory IX (1234) and Boniface VIII (1298), however, Pope John XXII’s promulgation bull did not claim to invalidate the more recent legislation of Boniface VIII (d. 1303) and Clement V that had not been included. The Clementines was the last official compilation of decretals for the medieval schools of canon law. It included the important decretals Saepe contingitwhich completely reformed the canon law system of summary procedure, Romani principes and Pastoralis cura which repudiated the claims of the Emperor Henry VII to universal jurisdiction and to be able to cite Robert of Naples for rebellion outside of his own territory.

Substantial commentaries were written on the Clementines by the canonists, Alberico di Metz, Baldus de Ubaldis, Benedictus Capra, Bernardus Maynardi, Bonifacius Ammannati, Egidius de Bellamera, Franciscus Zabarella, Giovanni Antonio Carafa, Guilelmus de Monte Laudano, Jesselin de Cassagnes, Johannes Andreae, Johannes Calderinus, Johannes de Imola, Johannes de Lignano, Lapus Tactus, Mattheus Romanus, Nicolaus de Tudeschis, Petrus de Ancharano, Petrus de Andlau, Petrus Bertrandus, Simone de Borsano, and Stephanus Hugonetti.

 

Text(s)

 
No. 1

Clementines.

 

Text(s) – Manuscripts

No. 1

Clementines.

 
Manuscript

Bryn Mawr, Penn., Bryn Mawr Coll. Libr. 7

 
 

München, BSB Clm 3872, fol. 1r–24r

 
 

München, BSB Clm 3877, fol. 3r–59v

 
 

München, BSB Clm 6347, fol. 1r–50r

 
 

München, BSB Clm 6566, fol. 122r–192v

 
 

München, BSB Clm 7469, fol. 1r–80r

 
 

München, BSB Clm 9656, fol. 1r–58v

 
 

München, BSB Clm 14655, fol. 1r–51v

 
 

München, BSB Clm 19508, fol. 1r–30v

 
 

München, Universitätsbibl. 2o 253, fol. 1r–172v

 
 

München, Universitätsbibl. 2o 290, fol. 1r–23v

 
 

New Haven, Conn., Yale Univ., Beinecke Libr. J C28 no.1 (18), fol. 1r–52v

 
 

New Haven, Conn., Yale Univ., Beinecke Libr. J C28 no.2 (33), fol. 2r–39r

 
 

New Haven, Conn., Yale Univ., Beinecke Libr. Marston 155, fol. 1r–22r

 
 

New York, N.Y., Colum. Univ. Smith Western 18, fol. 1r–88v

 
 

New York, N.Y., Hispanic Society B 2565, fol. 59r–81v

 
 

New York, N.Y., Morgan Libr. 902

 

Literature

F. Rexroth, ‘Kodifizieren und Auslegen. Symbolische Grenzziehungen zwischen päpstlich-gesetzgeberischer und gelehrter Praxis im späteren Mittelalter (1209/10-1317)’, Frühmittelalterliche Studien, 41 (2008) 395–414.

S. Taylor, ‘Reason, rhetoric, and redemption: the teaching of law and the Planctus Mariae in the late Middle Ages’, Medieval Education, R. Begley and J. Koterski, ed. (Fordham Series in Medieval Studies, 4; New York 2005) 68–79.

C. Angotti, ‘Lectures d’un manuscrit de droit canon à la fin du Moyen Age’, Médiévales: Langue, textes, histoire, 45 (2003) 135–158.

E. Hehl, ‘Stagnation oder Fortbildung? Das allgemeine Kirchenrecht im 14. und 15. Jahrhundert. Historiker und Juristen im Gespräch’, QF, 83 (2003) 453–460.

F. Soetermeer, ‘The origin of MS d’Ablaing 14 and the transmissio of the Clementines to the universities’, TRG, 54 (1986) 101–12.

J. Tarrant, ‘The manuscripts of the Constitutiones Clementinae, part II: Napoli to Zwettl’, ZRG Kan. Abt., 71 (1985) 76–146.

J. Kejr, ‘Neznámý aparát ke Klementinám’, Studie o rukopisech (1984) 61–72.

J. Tarrant, ‘The manuscripts of the Constitutiones Clementinae, part I: Admont to München’, ZRG Kan. Abt., 70 (1984) 67–133.

T. Izbicki, ‘Commentators on the Clementines according to Johannes Calderinus’, BMCL, 10 (1980) 62–65.

S. Kuttner, ‘Retractiones’, Medieval Councils, Decretals, and Collections of Canon Law (London 1980).

J. Tarrant, ‘The Clementine decrees on the Beguines: conciliar and papal versions’, AHP, 12 (1974) 300–08.

E. van Balberghe, ‘Le commentaire sur les Clémentines d’Etienne Troches et Pierre d’Estaing’, RHE, 66.2 (1971) 502–506.

D. Maffei, ‘Alberico di Metz e il suo Apparato sulle Clementine’, BMCL, 1 (1971) 43–56.

S. Kuttner, ‘The date of the constitution “Saepe”, the Vatican manuscripts and the Roman edition of the Clementines’, Melanges Eugène Tisserant (Studi e Testi 231–37; 1964) 4.427–52.