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Bio-Bibliographical Guide to Medieval and Early Modern Jurists

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Report No. c028

Bagarottus

c.1175–c.1246

 

Alternative Names

Bagarotto; Bagarotus de Coradis

 

Biography/Description

Jurist and judge who was very active in Bolognese legal and political affairs. Probably born of a Piacenzan family, although Savigny thought he was from Bologna. It is unclear who his teacher was. First appears as iudex in 1200; also did some teaching beginning c.1204. His students included Odofredus. Not among the greatest legal minds of his time, but he made a significant impact in procedural matters and was respected for his writings on such matters.

Several works have been attributed to Bagarottus, but his involvement with them, if any, remains in question. These works include the treatises Cum periculosum sit mihi, which seems to be identical to a work by Ubertus de Bonacurso, and De reprobatione testium, probably by Jacobus Balduini, both mentioned by Savigny. They also include a Libellus fugitivus, part of which Bagarottus may have been responsible for but most of which seems to have emerged in southern France at the beginning of the 13th c.

 

Text(s)

 
No. 01

Cavillationes. A successful compendium of varying lengths in the manuscripts consisting of a re-working of four procedural tracts by other authors: (1) Summa ‘Precibus et instantia’ by Pillius, (2) Summa de reprobatione instrumentorum ‘Quoniam nonnulli’ by Pontius de Ilerda, (3) Summa de testibus ‘Testes examinantur hoc modo’ by an otherwise unknown Nicolaus, and (4) Tractatus ‘Hec si quidem arbor’ (or Libellus de preparatoriis litium) by Guizardinus.

 
No. 02

Consilia. Only one has been edited.

 
No. 03

Glossae ad Codicem. Only two have been found (by Bellomo); they are the sole trace of exegetical activity by Bagarottus on any part of the Corpus iuris civilis.

 
No. 04

Tractatus ‘Cum periculosum sit mihi’. Procedural treatise on objections to a judge. Exhibits significant overlap with a treatise by Ubertus de Bonacurso; Johannes Andreae even commented on the plagiarism but did not know who had copied from whom.

 
No. 05

De exceptionibus dilatoriis et declinatoriis iudicii, 1584.

 
No. 06

De reprobationibus testium, 1584.

 

Text(s) – Early Printed Editions

No. 05

De exceptionibus dilatoriis et declinatoriis iudicii, 1584.

 
Early Printed Editions

Tractatus universi iuris. F. Ziletti: Venezia 1584, 3.2.128va

 
No. 06

De reprobationibus testium, 1584.

 
Early Printed Editions

Tractatus universi iuris. F. Ziletti: Venezia 1584, 4.298rb

 

Text(s) – Modern Editions

No. 01

Cavillationes.

 
Modern Editions

Corpus glossatorum iuris civilis, ed. , 5.1 (Torino 1970). . (Summa ‘Precibus et instantia’ in Bagarottus’s version; reprint of ed. Lyon 1549).

 
 

Geschichte, ed. F. von Savigny 5.634. (beginning of Bagarottus’s version of the Summa ‘Precibus et instantia’).

 
No. 02

Consilia.

 
Modern Editions

‘Documenti per la biografia di Accursio’, ed. P. Colliva, Atti del Convegno internazionale di studi Accusiani: Bologna, 21–26 ottobre 1963 (Milano 1968) 2.406–407. (a single consilium).

 
No. 03

Glossae ad Codicem.

 
Modern Editions

‘Intorno a Roffredo Beneventano: Professore a Roma?’, ed. M. Bellomo, Scuole diritto e società nel mezzogiorno medievale d’Italia (Studi e ricerche dei ‘Quaderni catanesi’ 8; Catania 1985) 1.139–40. (idem, Medioevo edito e inedito (Roma 1997–2002) 3.18–19)

 

Literature

E. Conte, ‘Bagarotto’, in DGI (2013) 1.142–43.

H. Lange, Römisches Recht im Mittelalter 1.297–99.

M. Bellomo, ‘Intorno a Roffredo Beneventano: professore a Roma?’, in Scuole diritto e società nel mezzogiorno medievale d’Italia, M. Bellomo, ed. (Studi e ricerche dei ‘Quaderni catanesi’ 8; Catania 1985) 1.148–49. Reprinted in: idem, Medioevo edito e inedito (Roma 1997–2002) 3.18–19.

L. Fowler-Magerl, Ordo iudiciorum vel ordo iudiciarius: Begriff und Literaturgattung (Ius commune: Sonderhefte 19; Frankfurt a.M. 1984) 187–89, 225–27, 231–33.

J. Fried, Die Entstehung des Juristenstandes im 12. Jahrhundert (Köln 1974) 56–58, 141.

R. Abbondanza, ‘Bagarotto nella letteratura processuale del età accursiana’, in Atti del convegno internazionale di studi Accursiani: Bologna, 21–26 ottobre 1963, G. Rossi, ed. (Milano 1968) 1.cxiv–cxv.

E. Nasalli Rocca, ‘Giuristi piacentini nell’età accursiana’, in Atti del convegno internazionale di studi Accursiani: Bologna, 21–26 ottobre 1963, G. Rossi, ed. (Milano 1968) 1.161–63, 167–71.

R. Abbondanza, ‘Bagarotto’, in DBI (1963) 5.170–74.

F. von Savigny, Geschichte 5.136–42.