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Bio-Bibliographical Guide to Medieval and Early Modern Jurists

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Report No. a294

Johannes Fauentinus

d. 1190

 

Alternative Names

Johannes, Faventinus (LC); John of Faenza; Jean de Faenza; Giovanni de Faenza; Johannes Cavalerius; Magister Johannes

 

Biography/Description

Born in Faenza, studied canon law in Bologna and became a professor around 1170. He immediately began his publishing career as a commentator and glossator of the Decretum, which continued undisturbed when he left Bologna, in 1174, to become a canon in Faenza. He probably has to be identified with the Bishop Johannes of Faenza (1177–90), who ruled over his diocese just about the time when Huguccio’s teachings began to gain predominance over his own. Unlike most of his colleagues, Johannes prepared the ground for his glossing activities by composing a Summa (ca. 1171). It consisted of little more than a compilation based on the two Summae of his predecessors, Rufinus and Stephan of Tournai. Modern scholars have often called him a plagiarist for that reason, despite the fact that Johannes fully acknowledged his indebtedness in the prologue. More importantly, the work was warmly welcomed by his audience, as is attested by the great number of surviving manuscripts, more twelfth century manuscripts even than for Huguccio. In addition, Johannes expressed his own doctrinal opinions in a vast amount of single glosses on all parts of Gratian’s work. They also enjoyed great success and circulated widely, in what made Johannes the most cited canonist prior to Huguccio.

 

Text(s)

 
No. 1

Summa decretorum, c.1171.

 
No. 2

Glosses on the Decretum, post 1171.

 

Text(s) – Manuscripts

No. 1

Summa decretorum, c.1171.

 
Manuscript

Angers, BM 370

 
 

Arras, BM 271, fol. 1–148

 
 

Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 37

 
 

Barcelona, Arch. Corona Aragón Ripoll 34

 
 

Besançon, BM 379

 
 

Bordeaux, BM 37, fol. 1–5, 174–75 (containing C.1 q.1 c.17 – C.2 q.3 p.c.7)

 
 

Chartres, BM 173 (lost during WW II)

 
 

Durham, Cath. Libr. C. III 7

 
 

Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 344

 
 

El Escorial, Bibl. San Lorenzo I. II. 11

 
 

Firenze, Bibl. Laurenz. Aed. Flor. Eccl. 49

 
 

Frankfurt am Main, Stadt- und Universitätsbibl. 52

 
 

Klosterneuberg, Stiftsbibl. 271, fol. 94–212

 
 

Klosterneuberg, Stiftsbibl. 655

 
 

Laon, BM 371

 
 

London, BL Royal 9 E VII, fol. 1–160

 
 

London, BL Additional 18369

 
 

Madrid, BN 399

 
 

Madrid, BN 421

 
 

Madrid, BN C.37

 
 

München, BSB Clm 38713 (destroyed in World War I)

 
 

München, BSB Clm 14403 (preceding the Summa of Stephanus, on De cons. Only)

 
 

Münster, Üniversitäts- u. Landesbibl. 603 (lost in WW II)

 
 

Oxford, Bodleian Libr. Canon. Misc. 429

 
 

Oxford, Bodleian Libr. Laud Misc. 112, fol. 426 (prologue)

 
 

Oxford, Bodleian Libr. Tanner 8, p.301–586

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 3913 (after the Summa of Stephanus, on De cons. Only)

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 14606, fol. 1–166

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 14607, fol. 1–144

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 14609, fol. 126–213

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 14997, fol. 187–196 (on De cons.)

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 17528

 
 

Paris, Bibl. Mazarine 1317 (ends C.13 q.1 c.1)

 
 

Paris, Bibl. Sainte-Geneviève 1624

 
 

Paris, Bibl. Sainte-Geneviève 1625

 
 

Reims, BM 684

 
 

Roma, Bibl. Casanatense 1105, fol. 1–196

 
 

Saint-Omer, BM 493

 
 

Salamanca, Bibl. Univ. 2077

 
 

Salamanca, Bibl. Univ. 2399

 
 

Siena, BC G V 24

 
 

Tarazona, Bibl. Catedral 41

 
 

Tarazona, Bibl. Catedral 77

 
 

Troyes, BM 192, fol. 1–4 (ends D.3 pr.)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 4954 (flyleaves)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Borgh. l at.71

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Borgh. 162 (contains D.47 – De cons. D.4 c.125)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Reg. lat. 1061, fol. 49–64v (ends at D.35)

 
 

Vercelli, Bibl. Agnes. 91

 
 

Wien, ÖNB 2118

 
 

Zürich, Zentralbibliothek Rh.42

 
No. 2

Glosses on the Decretum, post 1171.

 
Manuscript

Arras, BM 592 (500) (See S. Kuttner, Repertorium 11; R. Weigand (1988) 73–75)

 
 

Arras, BM 32

 
 

Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 13

 
 

Bernkastel-Kues, Bibl. St. Nikolaus Hospitals Hospital 223

 
 

Berlin, Staatsbibl. Phill. 1742

 
 

Bratislava, Slovenský Národný Archív 14

 
 

Cambrai, BM 646

 
 

Cividale del Friuli, Mus. Archeologico V (32), Catalogue No. 96

 
 

Durham, Cath. Libr. C.I.7

 
 

Douai, BM 586

 
 

Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 342

 
 

Firenze, Bibl. Laurenz. Plut. 4 (olim S. Croce IV) sin.1 (The library currently identifies this manuscript with the Plutei designation, but the literature often refers to it with the S. Croce one.)

 
 

Graz, Universitätsbibl. III 80

 
 

Gniezno, Arch. Kap. 28

 
 

Cambridge, Gonville & Caius Coll. 676

 
 

Hereford, Cath. Libr. P.VII.3

 
 

Jena, Thüringer Universitäts- u. Landesbibl. El. fol. 56

 
 

Kraków, Bibl. Jagiellońska 357

 
 

Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. Haenel 18

 
 

Lilienfeld, Stiftsbibl. 222

 
 

Lilienfeld, Stiftsbibl. 223

 
 

London, BL Stowe 378

 
 

Madrid, BN 251

 
 

München, BSB Clm 10244

 
 

München, BSB Clm 27337

 
 

München, BSB Clm 28175

 
 

Monte Cassino, Bibl. Abbazia 66

 
 

Napoli, BN XII.A.5

 
 

Napoli, BN XII.A.9

 
 

New York, N.Y., Morgan Libr. 446

 
 

Oxford, New Coll. 210

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 3888

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 3903

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 3905B

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 14317

 
 

Praha, Univ. Knihovna I 19

 
 

Paris, Bibl. Sainte-Geneviève 342

 
 

Paris, Bibl. Sainte-Geneviève 341

 
 

Perugia, Arch. S. Pietro C.M.4

 
 

Roma, Bibl. Angelica 1270

 
 

Reims, BM 676

 
 

Salzburg, Bibl. Erzabtei St. Peter a.XII.9

 
 

Trier, Stadtbibl. 906

 
 

Trier, Bibl. Bisminar 8

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2494

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Vat. lat. 2495

 
 

Paris, Bibl. Arsenal 677

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Archivio di San Pietro A.27

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Pal. lat. 622

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Pal. lat. 625

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Ross. 595

 
 

Verona, Bibl. Cap. CLXXXIV (164)

 
 

Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibl. Helmst. 33

 
 

Zwettl, Stiftsbibl. 31

 
 

Innsbruck, Universitätsbibl. 90

 

Text(s) – Modern Editions

No. 1

Summa decretorum.

 
Modern Editions

None. The prologue and the preface have been printed by J. von Schulte in ‘Die Rechtshandschriften der Stiftsbibliotheken’, SB Wien, 57 (1867) 580 (from MS Klosterneuburg, Stifstbibl. 655).

 
No. 2

Glosses on the Decretum.

 
Modern Editions

(2) Those on part I (D.1–101) by N. Höhl in Die Glossen des Johannes Faventinus (1987).

 
 

Certain groups of J.’s surviving glosses have been edited: (1) Those referred to in part I of Huguccio’s Summa by R. Weigand in AKKR, 154 (1985) 490–520.

 
 

(3) Those on C.1 by R. Weigand in AKKR, 157 (1988) 73–107.

 

Literature

J. Viejo-Ximénez, ‘Juan de Faenza’, in Juristas universales 1.340–3.

R. Weigand, ‘The Development of the Glossa ordinaria to Gratian’s Decretum’, in The History of Medieval Canon Law in the Classical Period, 1140–1234: From Gratian to the Decretals of Pope Gregory IX, W. Hartmann and K. Pennington, ed. (History of Medieval Canon Law 6; Washington DC 2008) 63–69, 74, 96.

K. Pennington, ‘The Decretists: The Italian School’, in The History of Medieval Canon Law in the Classical Period, 1140–1234: From Gratian to the Decretals of Pope Gregory IX, W. Hartmann and K. Pennington, ed. (History of Medieval Canon Law 6; Washington DC 2008) 127, 136–39.

C. Rider, Magic and Impotence in the Middle Ages (Oxford 2006) 59.

C. Donahue, ‘Johannes Faventinus on Marriage (With an Appendix Revisiting the Question of the Dating of Alexander III’s Marriage Decretals)’, in Medieval Church Law and the Origins of the Western Legal Tradition: A Tribute to Kenneth Pennington, W. Müller and M. Sommar, ed. (Washington, DC 2006) 179–97.

H. Kalb, ‘Rechtskraft und ihre Durchbrechungen im Spannungsfeld von kanonistischem und theologischem Diskurs: Rufin, Stephan von Tournai, Johannes Faventinus’, in Grundlagen des Rechts: Festschrift für Peter Landau zum 65. Geburtstag, R.H. Helmholz, ed. (Paderborn 2000) 405–19.

H. Kalb, ‘Die Autorität von Kirchenrechtsquellen im “theologischen” und “kanonistischen” Diskurs: Die Perspektive der frühen Dekretistik (Rufinus – Stephan von Tournai – Johannes Faventinus). Einige Anmerkungen’, ZRG Kan. Abt., 84 (1998) 307–29.

N. Höhl, ‘Wer war Johannes Faventinus? Neue Erkenntnisse zu Leben und Werk eines bedeutendsten Dekretisten des 12. Jahrhunderts’, in Proceedings San Diego, S. Chodorow, ed. (MIC C–9; Città del Vaticano 1992) 189–203.

N. Höhl, ‘Johannes de Deo’, in LMA (1990) 4.575.

R. Weigand, ‘Die Glossen des Johannes Faventinus zur Causa 1 des Dekrets und ihr Vorkommen in späteren Glossenapparaten’, AKKR, 157 (1988) 73–107.

N. Höhl, Die Glossen des Johannes Faventinus zur Pars I des Decretum Gratiani: Eine literargeschichtliche Untersuchung (Würzburg 1987).

T. Lenherr, Die Exkommunikations– und Depositionsgewalt der Häretiker bei Gratian und den Dekretisten bis zur Glossa ordinaria des Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien 3, Kan. Abt. 42; München 1987) 202–203.

R. Weigand, ‘Huguccio und der Apparat “Ordinaturus Magister”’, AKKR, 154 (1985) 490–520.

S. Kuttner, ‘Retractationes VII’, in Gratian and the Schools of Canon Law (1140 –1234) (London 1983).

H. Müller, Der Anteil der Laien an der Bischofswahl: Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Kanonistik von Gratian bis Gregor IX. (Kanonistische Studien und Texte 29; Amsterdam 1977) 48–50.

F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milano 1971) 93–99.

J. Brundage, Medieval Canon Law and the Crusader (Madison WI 1969) 50–51.

R. Benson, The Bishop–Elect: A Study in Medieval Ecclesiastical Office (Princeton 1968) 94.

J. Brundage, ‘The Votive Obligations of Crusaders: The Development of a Canonistic Doctrine’, Traditio, 24 (1968) 83–84. Reprinted in: idem, The Crusades, Holy War and Canon Law (Collected Studies CS 338; Aldershot 1991) no. VI.

R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien 3. Kan. Abt. 26; München 1967) 152–53, 267, 288, 292, 301, 316, 337, 339, 350, 352, 363, 414–15, 428, 431.

J. Weitzel, Begriff und Erscheinungsformen der Simonie bei Gratian und den Dekretisten (Münchener Theologische Studien 3, Kan. Abt. 25; München 1967) 106–10.

J. Brundage, ‘The Crusader’s Wife: A Canonistic Quandary’, SG, 12 (1967) 433. Reprinted in: idem, The Crusades, Holy War and Canon Law (Collected Studies CS 338; Aldershot 1991) no. XV.

R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht (Münchener Theologische Studien 3, Kan. Abt. 16; München 1963) 1.154–60, 233–34.

G. Couvreur, Les pauvres ont-ils des droits? Recherches sur le vol en cas d’extrême nécessité depuis la Concordia de Gratien (1140) jusqu’à Guillaume d’Auxerre († 1321) (Analecta Gregoriana 111; Roma 1961) 75, 134.

N. Vilain, ‘Prescription et bonne foi du Décret de Gratien (1140) à Jean d’André († 1348)’, Traditio, 14 (1958) 147.

A. Stickler, ‘Jean de Faenza ou Joannes Faventinus’, in DDC (1957) 6.99–102.

S. Kuttner, ‘Bernardus Compostellanus Antiquus’, Traditio, 1 (1943).

S. Kuttner, Repertorium 143–46.

J. Argnani, ‘Joannes Faventinus glossator’, Apollinaris, 9 (1936) 418.

J. von Schulte, QL 1.137–40.