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Bio-Bibliographical Guide to Medieval and Early Modern Jurists

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Report No. a092

Clarus de Florentia

fl. 1260–1270

 

Alternative Names

Clarus of Florence; Clair of Florence; Chiaro da Firenze

 

Biography/Description

Franciscan canonist and papal chaplain (fl. 1260–1270), to whom scholars have attributed four penitential writings, all of which assemble casus. They often address questions of a juridical nature.

 

Text(s)

 
No. 1

Casus Quaeritur utrum quilibet tenetur ad solutionem decimarum.

 
No. 2

Casus Nota sex casus quod debet sacerdos mittere ad episcopum.

 
No. 3

Casus Quaeritur utrum participans scienter et sponte.

 
No. 4

Casus Furatus sum vel debeo usurario publico centum libras.

 

Text(s) – Manuscripts

No. 1

Casus Quaeritur utrum quilibet tenetur ad solutionem decimarum.

 
Manuscript

Bruxelles/Brussel, Bibl. Royale II 2509

 
 

Oxford, Bodleian Libr. Canon. Misc. 269

 
No. 2

Casus Nota sex casus quod debet sacerdos mittere ad episcopum.

 
Manuscript

Engelberg, Stiftsbibl. 259

 
 

Frankfurt am Main, Stadt- und Universitätsbibl. 88

 
 

London, BL Arundel 491

 
 

Paris, Bibl. Mazarine 1312

 
 

Pisa, Bibl. Seminario 87

 
 

Strasbourg, BN et Universitaire 53

 
 

Todi, BC 136

 
 

Toulouse, BM 208

 
No. 3

Casus Quaeritur utrum participans scienter et sponte.

 
Manuscript

Oxford, Bodleian Libr. Canon. Misc. 269

 
No. 4

Casus Furatus sum vel debeo usurario publico centum libras.

 
Manuscript

Pisa, Bibl. Seminario 87, fol. 46ra–66vb (fragmentary)

 

Literature

C. Duggan, ‘Decretal Collections from Gratian’s Decretum to the Compilationes antiquae: The Making of the New Case Law’, in The History of Medieval Canon Law in the Classical Period, 1140–1234: From Gratian to the Decretals of Pope Gregory IX, W. Hartmann and K. Pennington, ed. (History of Medieval Canon Law 6; Washington DC 2008) 268–69.

M. Franceschini, ‘Chiaro da Firenze’, in DBI (1980) 24.594–95.

P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (XII – XVI siècles) (Louvain 1962) 52–53.

F. Henquinet, ‘Clair de Florence, canoniste et pénitencier pontifical vers le milieu du XIIIe siècle’, Archivum franciscanum historicum, 32 (1939) 3–48.