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Report No. a024

Alanus Anglicus

fl. 1190–1210

 

Alternative Names

Alain L’Anglais

 

Biography/Description

English canonist teaching and writing at Bologna around 1190–1215. He composed an influential apparatus on the Decretum, Ius naturale, and then revised it to offer a far more enthusiastic defense of papal power. It remains doubtful, however, if his authorship also extended to the commentary on De consecratione as it is transmitted in three MSS of Ius naturale, because the same comment also circulated separately and is once ascribed to a ‘R. de parvi passu’ (MS Seo de Urgel, Bibl. Capit. 8 (2882): cf. Rodoricus Modicipassus). The first recension of Ius naturale exerted great influence on the Anglo-Norman Summa Duacensis. Besides an apparatus on Compilatio I, Alanus also produced a decretal collection (and glosses) which, with that of Gilbertus, became the primary source for Johannes Galensis’s Compilatio secunda.

 

Text(s)

 
No. 1

Apparatus ad Decretum ‘Ius naturale’. A number of glosses are printed in Stickler, ‘Verteidiger’.

 
No. 2

Collectio Alani.

 
No. 3

Apparatus on Compilatio I, post 1207.

 
No. 4

Glosses on Compilatio II?.

 

Text(s) – Manuscripts

No. 1

Apparatus ad Decretum ‘Ius naturale’.

 
Manuscript

First Recension (1192)

 
 

Klosterneuberg, Stiftsbibl. 101 (set I; rather incomplete)

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 3909 (without text of Decretum; without C.16–27)

 
 

Seo de Urgel, Bibl. Cabildo 113

 
 

Second Recension (1205)

 
 

Bamberg, Staatsbibl. Can. 13, fol. 272va (prologue only)

 
 

Cambrai, BM 645

 
 

El Escorial, Bibl. San Lorenzo ç.I.5, fol. 482r (prologue only)

 
 

Gniezno, Arch. Kap. 27

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 15393 (set II; with Casus of Benencasa)

 
 

Paris, Bibl. Mazarine 1318 (incomplete: ends C.27 q.1 c.2)

 
 

Stuttgart, Würtembergische Landesbibl. HB VI.95, fol. 267r–v (prologue only)

 
 

Città del Vaticano, BAV Ross. 595 (set II; select glosses only)

 
 

Vendôme, BM 88 (set. iii. Incomplete)

 
No. 2

Collectio Alani.

 
Manuscript

First Recension

 
 

Fulda, Landesbibl. D.7, fol. 155v–160v (contains the section to be added after MS D.14)

 
 

Fulda, Landesbibl. D.14, fol. 32–54v, 123v–126r, 55–123v

 
 

Fulda, Landesbibl. D.5, fol. 140–98v, 199–213r (an abridgement)

 
 

Second Recension (1206)

 
 

Vercelli, Bibl. Cap. LXXXIX, fol. 51–136r (contains Alanus’s own glosses)

 
 

Salzburg, Bibl. Erzabtei St. Peter A.IX.18, fol. 169–243r

 
 

Linz, Offentliche Studienbibl. 257, fol. 1r–v (fragment 2.11.1–5; with glosses)

 
No. 3

Apparatus on Compilatio I, post 1207.

 
Manuscript

Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 349 (set I)

 
 

Fulda, Landesbibl. D.5, fol. 1–83r (set I; incomplete)

 
 

Halle, Universitäts- u. Landesbibl. Ye.52 (set II)

 
 

Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibl. Aug. XL, fol. 1–82v

 
 

München, BSB Clm 3879, fol. 1–97v (set II)

 
 

Paris, BN lat. 3932, fol. 1–69v (set I)

 
No. 4

Glosses on Compilatio II?.

 
Manuscript

See F. Gillmann, AKKR 115 (1925) 131–32

 

Literature

R. Weigand, ‘The Development of the Glossa ordinaria to Gratian’s Decretum’, in The History of Medieval Canon Law in the Classical Period, 1140–1234: From Gratian to the Decretals of Pope Gregory IX, W. Hartmann and K. Pennington, ed. (History of Medieval Canon Law 6; Washington DC 2008) 79–80, 95.

K. Pennington, ‘The Decretalists 1190 to 1234’, in The History of Medieval Canon Law in the Classical Period, 1140–1234: From Gratian to the Decretals of Pope Gregory IX ed. K. Pennington, , W. Hartmann and K. Pennington, ed. (History of Medieval Canon Law 6; Washington DC 2008) 219–21, 226.

K. Pennington, ‘Decretal Collections 1190–1234’, The History of Medieval Canon Law in the Classical Period, 1140–1234: From Gratian to the Decretals of Pope Gregory IX, W. Hartmann and K. Pennington, ed. (History of Medieval Canon Law 6; Washington DC 2008) 301, 303, 305–12.

B. Tierney, Origins of Papal Infallibility, 1150–1350: A Study on the Concepts of Infallibility, Sovereignty, and Tradition in the Middle Ages (Studies in the History of Christian Thought 6; Leiden 1988) 23–24, 37, 49, 51–52.

T. Lenherr, Die Exkommunikations– und Depositionsgewalt der Häretiker bei Gratian und den Dekretisten bis zur Glossa ordinaria des Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien 3, Kan. Abt. 42; München 1987) 247–49.

S. Kuttner, ‘Retractationes VII’, in Gratian and the Schools (London 1983).

S. Kuttner, ‘Universal Pope or Servant of God’s Servants’, RDC 32 (1981) 140.

P. Landau, ‘Alanus Anglicus’, in LMA (1980) 1.267–68.

H. Müller, Der Anteil der Laien an der Bischofswahl: Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Kanonistik von Gratian bis Gregor IX. (Kanonistische Studien und Texte 29; Amsterdam 1977) 139–46.

R. Fraher, ‘Alanus Anglicus and the Summa “Induent sancti”’, BMCL 6 (1976) 47–54.

F. Liotta, La continenza dei chierici (Milano 1971) 202–220.

R. Benson, The Bishop–Elect: A Study in Medieval Ecclesiastical Office (Princeton 1968) 113, 131–32, 137.

J. Brundage, ‘The Votive Obligations of Crusaders: The Development of a Canonistic Doctrine’, Traditio 24 (1968) 98. Reprinted in: idem, The Crusades, Holy War and Canon Law (Collected Studies CS 338; Aldershot 1991) no. VI.

R. Weigand, Die Naturrechtslehre der Legisten und Dekretisten von Irnerius bis Accursius und von Gratian bis Johannes Teutonicus (Münchener Theologische Studien 3, Kan. Abt. 26; München 1967) 225–230 and passim.

S. Kuttner, ‘Emendationes et notae variae’, Traditio 22 (1966) 476.

J. Muldoon, ‘Extra ecclesiam non est imperium: The Canonists and the Legitimacy of Secular Power’, SG 9 (1966) 560–61, 563, 565. Reprinted in: idem, Canon Law, the Expansion of Europe, and World Order (Variorum Collected Studies Series 612; Aldershot 1998) no. I.

R. Weigand, ‘Neue Mitteilungen aus Handschriften’, Traditio 21 (1965) 482.

R. Weigand, Die bedingte Eheschliessung im kanonischen Recht (Münchener Theologische Studien 3, Kan. Abt. 16; München 1963) 1.305–13.

S. Kuttner, ‘Notes on Manuscripts’, Traditio 17 (1961) 534–36.

G. Couvreur, Les pauvres ont-ils des droits? Recherches sur le vol en cas d’extrême nécessité depuis la Concordia de Gratien (1140) jusqu’à Guillaume d’Auxerre († 1321) (Analecta Gregoriana 111; Roma 1961) 61, 64, 65, 77–79, 100–4, 110, 150.

A. Stickler, ‘Alanus Anglicus als Verteidiger des monarchischen Papsttums’, Salesianum 21 (1959) 346–406.

N. Vilain, ‘Prescription et bonne foi du Décret de Gratien (1140) à Jean d’André († 1348)’, Traditio 14 (1958) 124. 138–39, 147.

G. Fransen, ‘Un commentaire au “De consecratione”’, Traditio 13 (1957) 508–509.

S. Kuttner, ‘The Collection of Alanus: A Concordance of its Two Recensions’, Rivista di storia del diritto italiano 26 (1953) 37–53.

R. von Heckel, ‘Die Dekretalensammlung des Gilbertus und Alanus nach den Weingartener Handschriften’, ZRG Kan. Abt. 29 (1940) 116–357.

S. Kuttner, Repertorium 67–75, 316–17, 325–26.

F. Gillmann, ‘Magister Albertus, Glossator der Compilatio II.’, AKKR 105 (1925) 131–32.

J. von Schulte, QL 1.188–89.